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  • 1. Cetrez, Önver A.
    et al.
    Donabed, Sargon G.Makko, AryoStockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    The Assyrian heritage: threads of continuity and influence2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Assyrian Heritage: Threads of Continuity and Influence is a collection of essays discussing Assyrian culture and identity from language, ritual, symbol, and identity perspectives from the ancient world to the modern day. The theoretical interpretations and methodological approaches covered in the book aim to narrate the past, presence and future of the cultural and linguistic heritage of the Assyrian people.

  • 2. Fischer, Thomas
    et al.
    Aunesluoma, Juhana
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Introduction: Neutrality and Nonalignment in World Politics during the Cold War2016Inngår i: Journal of Cold War Studies, ISSN 1520-3972, E-ISSN 1531-3298, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 4-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past two decades, research on Cold War neutrality has advanced rapidly. With the declassification of important archival collections, the image of the four European “classic” neutrals—Austria, Finland, Sweden, and Switzerland—has changed considerably. New facets have emerged in the understanding of how neutrality functioned as a part of the Cold War international system. In particular, the importance and connections of neutrality's domestic political and ideational dimensions in foreign policymaking has been stressed in the latest research on Cold War neutrality.

  • 3. Fischer, Thomas
    et al.
    Aunesluoma, JuhanaMakko, AryoStockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Neutrality and Nonalignment in World Politics during the Cold War2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    A Neutral Trust Regime?: Sweden and the Cold War, 1969-19912011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Advocates of Realpolitik: Sweden, Europe and the Helsinki Final Act2012Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is traditionally portrayed as an active critic and mediator or bridge builder in international politics during the 1960s and 1970s. The activation of Swedish foreign policy, often ascribed to Prime Minister Olof Palme, has been lauded as a transformation from armed isolationism to internationalist solidarity. In this regard, the traditional literature has focused almost exclusively on global affairs whereas the role of European security has been widely ignored.

    This thesis analyzes Sweden’s role in the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) and the country’s contribution to the political and diplomatic process leading to the Helsinki Final Act of 1975. It argues that Sweden’s foreign policy in the European realm must be integrated in the narrative about Cold War Sweden and its role in international politics during the era of détente.

    It demonstrates that in the European realm, at the heart of the Cold War division, realpolitik thinking prevented Sweden from solidarity with the citizens of Eastern Europe. Sweden reacted reluctantly on the idea of a conference, remained passive during the preparatory phase and never prioritized human rights in Eastern Europe at the conference proper. The reason for this attitude was a general Berührungsangst  (fear of contact) towards Europe among Swedish decision-makers. In the thesis, the paradox between Sweden’s approach to European and global affairs is linked to a specific foreign policy identity and explained within an analytical framework based on role theory. With this, the thesis adds important nuances to the existing account of Sweden and Swedish neutrality policy during the Cold War. 

  • 6.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Advocating Freedom, Seeking Stability: Sweden, Ostpolitik and the Collective and Individual Rights of European Citizens, 1969-19752014Inngår i: Human Rights in Europe during the Cold War / [ed] Rasmus Mariager, Karl Molin, Kjersti Brathagen, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2014, s. 95-112Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Ambassadors of Realpolitik: Sweden, the CSCE, and the Cold War2016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the Cold War, Sweden actively cultivated a reputation as the “conscience of the world,” working to build bridges between East and West and embracing a nominal commitment to international solidarity. This groundbreaking study explores the tension between realism and idealism in Swedish diplomacy during a key episode in Cold War history—the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, culminating in the 1975 Helsinki Accords. Through careful analysis of new evidence, it offers a compelling counternarrative of this period, showing that Sweden strategically ignored human rights violations in Eastern Europe and the nonaligned states in its pursuit of national interests.

  • 8.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Anden, själen, kroppen: Ett historiskt perspektiv på healing bland Sveriges assyrier2014Inngår i: Helig hälsa: om helandemetoder i det mångreligiösa Sverige / [ed] Jessica Moberg, Göran Ståhle, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2014, s. 39-50Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Södertälje, år 1992. En nyhet når hela Europa. Bland annat italienska, tyska och engelska massmedier rapporter om den 16 åriga tjejen Samira Hannoch som hade fått syn på ett maronitiskt helgon och även den högsta herre, Jesus Kristus. Tonåringen fick efter sin vision förmågan att hela svårt sjuka med hjälp av olja som rann ur hennes händer. Uppemot 45 000 människor ska ha begett sig på välfärd till en lägenhet i Blombacka samt Mor Afrem kyrkan.

    Texten inleds men en koncis historisk tillbakablick över den orientaliska kristendomens och den syrisk-ortodoxa kyrkans historia. Inledningen är både historik och en kartläggning av specifika traditioner och trosbekännelser som är specifika för denna religiösa grupp och som utgjorde grunden för den enorma effekten denna episod fick. Frågorna som besvaras i texten är hur och varför Samira lyckades vinna människornas förtroende och även åstadkomma en placebo effekt hos ett antal sjuka personer. Den vill också kontrastera mellan gamla traditioners relation till ett modernt och sekulärt samhälle som det svenska genom att avhandla olika teman som Samiras påstådda hälsofrämjande teknik, den offentliga diskussionen kring hennes frånvaro från skolan och den interna kritiken mot henne som speglade en pågående konflikt mellan traditionella och progressiva fraktioner inom den assyriska folkgruppen.

  • 9.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Arbitrator in a World of Wars: The League of Nations and the Mosul Dispute, 1924-19252010Inngår i: Diplomacy & Statecraft, ISSN 0959-2296, E-ISSN 1557-301X, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 631-649Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The League of Nations is primarily remembered for its failures in the 1930s. Indeed, the established perception of its history usually emphasizes weaknesses. Failing to settle the question of which Power should possess the former Ottoman province of Mosul after the First World War, Turkey saw the dispute addressed to the League in summer 1924. Within a short time, a multi-leveled negotiation process that involved a large number of politicians, diplomats, and lawyers was put in motion. Sixteen months and many crises later, the League Council awarded the entire Mosul province to Iraq. The arbitration had been based upon data collected by two enquiry commissions comprising representatives from eight different Powers, the work of both numerous mediators, and a Council sub-committee. Though certainly not perfect, the League's role averted war and renewed disaster.

  • 10.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    ‘Assyrian Apostolic’, ‘Assyrian Orthodox’, ‘Syrian Orthodox’: Die Evolution eines Exonyms und ihre Hintergründe2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Between Integration and Exclusion: Reflections on Contemporary Assyrian Historiography2011Inngår i: Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies, ISSN 1055-6982, Vol. 25, nr 1-2, s. 25-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Between Settlement, Military Service, and Transit: Jacobite Assyrians under the French Mandate in Syria2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Das assyrische Vereinsleben in Deutschland2015Inngår i: Die Assyrer: von Ninive bis Gütersloh / [ed] Svante Lundgren, Münster: LIT Verlag, 2015, s. 116-120Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 14.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Das schwedische Interesse an Vertrauensbildenden Maßnahmen und Abrüstungsfragen2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Das schwedische Interesse an Vertrauensbildenden Maßnahmen und Abrüstungsfragen2012Inngår i: Die KSZE im Ost-West-Konflikt: Internationale Politik und gesellschaftliche Transformation 1975-1990 / [ed] Matthias Peter, Hermann Wentker, München: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH, 2012, s. 191-202Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Die Assyrer kommen nach Deutschland2015Inngår i: Die Assyrer: Von Ninive bis Gütersloh / [ed] Svante Lundgren, Münster: LIT Verlag, 2015, 1, s. 113-116Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [de]

    Das Buch berichtet von der langen und dramatischen Geschichte der Assyrer: Vom antiken assyrischen Imperium, der Christianisierung, von Verfolgungen und Völkermord, von der Emigration in die westliche Diaspora v. a. nach Deutschland und Schweden. Es erzählt von der Sprache und der Selbstbezeichnung der Assyrer, von den assyrischen Kirchen und weltlichen Organisationen. Es versucht zu erklären, warum sich die Assyrer in verschiedene Gruppen mit verschiedenen Ansichten von Geschichte und Identität differenzieren. 

  • 17.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Diplomati2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Discourse, Identity and Politics: A Transnational Approach to Assyrian Identity in the Twentieth Century2012Inngår i: The Assyrian Heritage: threads of continuity and influence / [ed] Önver A. Cetrez, Sargon G. Donabed, Aryo Makko, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012, s. 297-317Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the late nineteenth century, secular thoughts have repeatedly resulted in the formation of an Assyrian national identity among oriental Christian groups referred to as "Chaldeans", "Jacobites" and "Nestorians" in the Ottoman and Persian Empires. Despite the fact that some groups or individuals referred to themselves as descendants of the ancient Assyrians prior to the aforementioned arrival of European-styled Nationalist thinking, the majority identified themselves with the emic term suryoye/suryaye (generally translated as "Syrians") only and held no memory of ancient descent.This article seeks to explore how Assyrian identity construction with its central discourse on ethnic continuity has interplayed with socio-cultural processes and political events and changed over time. It address key factors such as World War I and the Assyrian Genocide, the restructuring of the Middle East during the interwar period, migration and life in Diaspora, secularization and state-supported policies of majority identities. The early period (1895-1960) and first Diaspora in the United States is contrasted with latter developments and the second Diaspora including Sweden and the German-speaking countries in addition to the United States from the 1960s until the present day. Focus is laid on the formation and spread of alternative "national" identities under different historical labels. Ideas of ancient heritage and particularly the belief in ethnic continuity were imitated by internal and external agents of new identities which shared one common feature: denying Assyrian heritage of any kind.The study argues that agents of Assyrian identity have been force to uphold the discourse on cultural, lingual and ethnic continuity as a central feature of their identity doctrine until the present day mainly due to being contested by rivalling concepts and their use of the well-established myth about the complete destruction of the Assyrians in 612 BC.

  • 19.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    ESK Processen, Olof Palme och kalla kriget2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    European Small States and the Role of Consuls in the Age of Empire2019Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In European Small States and the Role of Consuls in the Age of Empire Aryo Makko argues that Sweden and Norway participated in the New Imperialism in the late 18th and early 19th centuries through consular services. Usually portrayed as nations without an imperial past, Makko demonstrates that their role in the processes of imperialism and colonialism during that period can be understood by including consular afairs and practices of informal imperialism into the analysis. With this, he contributes to our understanding of the role of smaller states in the so-called Age of Empire.

  • 21.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Fatherland and Diaspora: The AKP, the Turkish Diaspora and Minorities from Turkey2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    From ‘Forgotten Genocide’ to the ‘Main Pillar of Identity’: The Role of Seyfo in Contemporary Assyrian Historiography2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 23.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    From Neutrality to Pax Americana: Swedish Foreign Policy Orientation and the End of the East-West Divide2020Inngår i: The End of an Era: The Western Powers and the Collapse of the Eastern Bloc / [ed] Mark Kramer, Peter Ruggenthaler, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2020Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    From Neutrality to Pax Americana: Swedish Foreign Policy Orientation and the End of the East-West-Divide2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Globalisering och social kontroll: Svenska sjöfartskonsuler i Sydamerika, 1875–19142014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Great Power Politics and the League of Nations Revisited: Britain, Turkey, and the Mosul Dispute (Again)2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    I Imperialismens kölvatten? Ett maritimt perspektiv på stormaktsspelet, kolonialism utan kolonier och den svensk-norska konsulsstaten, 1875–19052014Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 134, nr 3, s. 499-523Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A maritime perspective on great power politics, imperialism without colonies and Swedish-Norwegian consulship, 1875–1905

    This article investigates the Swedish-Norwegian consular establishment during the age of empires in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. It presents preliminary results from an on-going research project, which explores consular archives previously overlooked. The article’s main purpose is to offer a fresh perspective on the relevance of shipping and the role of consuls in the foreign policy of the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway. It departs chronologically and thematically from the so-called Concert of Europe in 1815 and the subsequent expansion of European imperialism in the mid-19th century, and theoretically from theories of informal empire and free trade imperialism. Sweden-Norway could not keep up with the military build-up of the great powers, such as Great Britain, France, Germany and Russia. At the same time, the Nordic union had one of the world’s largest merchant fleets at its command. A growing number of consulates all over the world allowed Swedish and Norwegian manufacturers and merchants a presence that enabled them to participate in and profit from the globalizing economy. At its peak, the small Nordic state commanded over 100 consulates with more than 800 increasingly professional and legally trained consular staff. With growing significance came greater prestige and an increasingly intimate relationship between the diplomatic corps and the consular service. This article suggests that the military superiority of the great powers forced small states such as Sweden-Norway to respond by developing and employing global trade strategies and making them an integral part of their foreign policy.

  • 28.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    In, Out or Both? Identity and Ethnic Activism Among Young Diaspora Assyrians2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    In the Wake of Imperialism: Swedish-Norwegian Consuls, 1875–19142013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Intellectual Awakening, Political Activism, Social Revolution: Aspects of Assyrian Nationalism2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 31.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    International Diplomacy during the Interwar Period: The Mosul Question 1924–25 and the League of Nations2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Introduction2012Inngår i: The Assyrian heritage: threads of continuity and influence / [ed] Önver A. Cetrez, Sargon G. Donabed, Aryo Makko, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012, s. ix-xKapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Assyrian Heritage: Threads of Continuity and Influence is a collection of essays discussing Assyrian culture and identity from language, ritual, symbol, and identity perspectives from the ancient world to the modern day. The theoretical interpretations and methodological approaches covered in the book aim to narrate the past, presence and future of the cultural and linguistic heritage of the Assyrian people.

  • 33.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Living between the Fronts: The Turkish-Kurdish Conflict and the Assyrians2012Inngår i: The slow disappearance of the Syriacs from Turkey: and of the grounds of the Mor Gabriel monastery / [ed] Pieter Omtzigt, Markus Tozman, Andrea Tyndall, Münster: LIT Verlag, 2012, s. 63-72Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 34.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Michael Cotey Morgan, The Final ActThe Helsinki Accords and the Transformation of the Cold War (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018)2019Inngår i: American Historical Review, ISSN 0002-8762, E-ISSN 1937-5239Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Moralisk stormakt eller realpolitisk mönsterelev?: Sverige och vägen till Helsingforsavtalet 19752011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Multilateralism and the Shaping of an 'Active Foreign Policy': Sweden during the preparatory phase of the CSCE2010Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 310-329Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the early reactions of Swedish decision-makers and diplomats on the idea and preparations for the convocation of the Conference on Security and Cooperation inEurope (CSCE), mainly during the years 1969–1971. On the basis of recently declassifieddiplomatic sources from the archive of the Swedish Foreign Ministry, the study outlines therole of Swedish diplomacy in the preparatory phase of the security conference as part of thewider context of European Neutrality during détente. It is the very first contribution to the historiography of the Helsinki process based on Swedish archival material, and suggeststhat the picture of Sweden’s widely mentioned active foreign policy at that time should befurther scrutinized. It also sheds new light on the paradox between Swedish involvement inEuropean and global politics.

  • 37.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Neutrality, ‘Active Foreign Policy’ and the Process of European Integration: The Case of Sweden2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Old Fears and New Realities: Sweden and the Soviet Union during the Cold War2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Ordning, reda och business: Konsulerna och brott på svenska fartyg, 1914–19452014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Ordning, reda och business: Konsulerna och brott på svenska fartyg, 1914–19452015Inngår i: I främmande hamn: den svenska och svensk-norska konsulstjänsten, 1700–1985 / [ed] Aryo Makko; Leos Müller, Malmö: Universus Press, 2015, s. 253-268Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Realistisk idealism: ESK-processen, Olof Palme och kalla kriget2012Inngår i: Kalla kriget: Sverige, en stormakt utan vapen? / [ed] Kurt Almqvist, Kristian Gerner, Stockholm: Axel och Margaret Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse för allmännyttiga ändamål , 2012, s. 227-235Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den etablerade forskningen kring svensk utrikespolitik använder sig av beteckningen ”Palmes världssamvete” för att kontrastera övergången från Östen Undéns passiva linje till 1960 och 1970-talens aktiva utrikespolitik. Under ESK-processen agerade Sverige varken aktivt eller solidariskt utan bedrev klassisk realpolitik med stark fokus på nedrustning. De östeuropeiska folkens rättigheter och öde spelade en underordnad roll vilket väcker nya frågor kring den aktiva utrikespolitikens natur och motivering. 

  • 42.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Remembrances from Overseas Exile: The Late Ottoman Empire and the Early Republic of Turkey in the Discourses of Assyrian Emigrants, c1900–19382012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Remembrances from Overseas Exile: The Late Ottoman Empire and the Early Republic of Turkey in the Discourses of Assyrian Emigrants, c1900–19382013Inngår i: Mardin Tebliğleri: Mardin ve Çevresi Toplumsal ve Ekonomik Tarihi Konferansı / [ed] Cengiz Aktar, Istanbul: Hrant Dink Foundation Publications , 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Schweden: Von der Neutralität zur “Pax Americana”2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 45.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Security First: The Swedish Interest in Confidence and Security Building Measures and Questions of Disarmament2012Inngår i: Swedish Disarmament Policy during the Cold War / [ed] Thomas Jonter, Emma Rosengren, Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2012, s. 13-22Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has a long-standing record of active involvement in international efforts towards disarmament. In 1932, the Nordic country participated in the World Disarmament Conference. During the Cold War, the Swedish government continued to be keen to contribute to related UN efforts. This article explores Sweden's interest in Confidence (and Security) Building Measures in the context of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) and its follow-up process between the late 1960s and the mid-1980s. It argues that Sweden prioritized disarmament, stability, and peace over human rights, change, and individual freedom despite the rise and dominance of a rhetoric of morality in Swedish politics in the 1970s. 

  • 46.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Small states, alliances and the margins for manoeuvre in the Cold War: Sweden and Norway in the CSCE2019Inngår i: Margins for Manoeuvre in Cold War Europe: The Influence of Smaller Powers / [ed] Laurien Crump, Susanna Erlandsson, Routledge, 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, I will be studying the similarities and differences in how Sweden and Norway explored the comparatively far-ranging opportunities that the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) offered to smaller states during the 1970s. The CSCE was unique in that it brought together all European states (except Albania), the United States and Canada in a several-year multilateral conference setting where daily negotiations, limited attention from the broader public and the absence of official minutes of meetings created a particular environment that allowed smaller states to play more significant roles. Cold War historians have developed a growing interest in the CSCE over the last decade. As a result, there has been a flow of publications on individual countries, groups of countries and subjects treated at the conference that have all stressed the significance of the CSCE and its Final Act to the international development in the 1970s and 1980s and to the end of the Cold War. But the approach taken here is innovative in at least two ways. Interestingly, there virtually has not been any historical research on Norway in the CSCE. More importantly, small states in the CSCE have usually been studied as part of either alliance or as part of a group of states outside of the blocs, like the group of neutral and non-aligned countries. Comparing the strategies and policies of two countries as similar as Sweden and Norway, which viewed each other as sister countries (brödrafolk) but belonged to different camps in this context, will generate fresh conclusions and hopefully allow for a valuable contribution to the discussion on the opportunities of smaller states within and outside of the Cold War alliances.

  • 47.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Small States and Multilateral Diplomacy of the Interwar Years: The League of Nations and the Mosul Dispute2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Snurrmästarnas tid: ett historiskt perspektiv på alternativa fakta och propaganda2019Inngår i: Ett kalejdoskop av kunskap: Sveriges unga akademi om vetenskap och samhälle / [ed] David Håkansson, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag , 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 49.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    State and Minorities in the Global Age: Transnational Diaspora Activism and Contemporary Turkish Politics2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 50.
    Makko, Aryo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. University of Oxford, UK.
    Sweden and Europe in the Cold War2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
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