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  • 1. Briceño Ruiz, José
    et al.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, AndrésStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Regionalism in Latin America: Agents, Systems and Resilience2020Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This interdisciplinary edited volume explores the political economy of regionalism in Latin America. It identifies convergent forces which have existed in the region since its very conception and analyses these dynamics in their different historical, geographic and structural contexts. Particular attention is paid to key countries such as Argentina, Brazil and Mexico, as well as sub-regions like the Southern Cone and Central America.

    To understand the resilience of regionalism in Latin America, this book highlights four main issues. Firstly, that resilience is linked to mechanisms of self-enforcement that are part of the accumulation of experiences, institution building, and common cultural features described in this book as regionalist acquis. Secondly, the elements and driving forces behind the promotion and expression of the regionalist acquis are influenced and shaped by nested systems in which social processes are inserted. Thirdly, when looking at systems, there is a particular influence by national and global ones, which condition the form and endurance of regional projects. Finally, beyond systems, the book highlights the relevance of agents as crucial players in the shaping of the resilience of regionalism in Latin America.

    This insightful collection will appeal to advanced students and researchers in international economics, international relations, international political economy, economic history and Latin American studies.

  • 2. Briceño-Ruiz, José
    et al.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Brazil and Latin America: Between the Separation and Integration Paths2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Brazil and Latin America: Between the Separation and Integration Paths challenges the “separatist” bias in the vision of Brazilian relations with its Latin American neighbors. By exploring the parallel existence of a path of integration, the focus of this study is on those forces which have intended to forge different forms of alignment, integration, and, sometimes, rightward union between Brazil and different Latin American countries. The authors analyze the ideas and projects inherent in the mindset of elites even before independence. They show that the path of integration has been more influential than is generally known. Ultimately, this book demonstrates the complexity around policy-making, debates on foreign policy, and the history of shaping the Brazilian self.

  • 3.
    Puntigliano, Andres Rivarola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Geopolitics and Integration: A South American Perspective2013In: Resilience of regionalism in Latin America and the Caribbean: development and autonomy, BASINGSTOKE: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 19-52Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andres
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Angel Barrios, Miguel
    Foreign Policy and Regional Integration in Argentina: A Long and Winding Road2013In: Resilience of Regionalism in Latin America and the Caribbean: Development and Autonomy / [ed] Andrés Rivarola Puntigliano; José Briceño-Ruiz, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 232-258Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andres
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Briceno-Ruiz, Jose
    Conclusion: About the Endurance of Latin American Regionalism2013In: Resilience of regionalism in Latin America and the Caribbean: development and autonomy, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 259-270Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andres
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Briceno-Ruiz, Jose
    Introduction: Regional Integration Linking Past and Present2013In: Resilience of regionalism in Latin America and the Caribbean: development and autonomy / [ed] Andrés Rivarola Puntigliano, José Briceño-Ruiz, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    21st century geopolitics: integration and development in the age of 'continental states'2017In: Territory, Politics, Governance, ISSN 2162-2671, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 478-494Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need, in the 21st century, to analyse the interconnection between development and regional integration with a renewed attention to geopolitics. The aim of this paper is to explore the links between states, the economy and the international system in an ongoing process of transformation generating a new world order. Drawing on geopolitical theory, this study advances the argument that in the 21st century, those states in search of increasing autonomy apply strategies of regional integration and development-oriented policies, following a path to constructing new grossraums centred on states that are continental in scope. For this analysis the study proposes using a geopolitical perspective – here called ‘classical geopolitics’ – emphasizing the territorial dimension of state making, which includes economic policies and the formation of national identities. Particular attention is given to the spatial motif observed in international systems.

  • 8.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Alberto Methol Ferré (1929-2009),un ideólogo de la integración2010In: Contemporánea. Historia y Problemas del siglo XX., ISSN 1688-7638, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 247-250Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [es]

    Reseña sobre obra de Alberto Methol Ferré

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  • 9.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Autonomía y Geopolítica2015In: Integración y cooperación regional en América Latina: una relectura a partir de la teoría de la autonomía / [ed] José Briceño Ruiz, Alejandro Simonoff, Buenos Aires: Editorial Biblos , 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Brasil, América Latina, y la Integración Regional2013In: Revista do IMEA-UNILA, ISSN 2318-1869, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 73-87Article in journal (Other academic)
    Download (pdf)
    Brasil, Latinoamerica y la Integración Regional
  • 11.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Economia Politica Internacional y Territorio2017In: Gobernanza de las Integraciones Regionales / [ed] Ma. Antonia Correa Serrano, Federico Manchon, Mexico DF: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xohimilco e ITACA , 2017, p. 23-45Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    El continentalismo Latinoamericano: nacionalismo de quinta frontera2019In: Alberto Methol Ferré: Reflexiones sobre geopolítica y la región / [ed] Gerardo Caetano, Diego Hernández Nilson, Montevideo, Uruguay: Planeta de Libros , 2019, p. 45-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [es]

    El historiador sueco Magnus Mörner (2001, 15) decía que, ”hay que respetar la dimensión espacial de la historia” (historiens rumsdimension). Sin desmerecer ninguna, diría que, por su dimensión, la ’continental’ es de las más respetables de todas. No se trata solo de una dimensión geográfica que involucra poblaciones numerosas, sino que también identifica unidades por las cuales se puede estructurar el sistema internacional de estados y naciones. Por cierto que no hay todavía ningún estado o nación continental, al igual que no había estados-nacionales antes que estos surgieran como novedad histórica, producto de la modernidad. Sin embargo, pensamiento global y la proyección continentalista, van de la mano. Las unidades continentales pueden ser ficticias, si se quiere mitológicas (Wigen & Lewis 1997). Sin embargo, son realidades políticas, como parte de visiones, utopías y estudios, que en conjunto, tienen influencia trascendental en el accionar de agentes políticos, culturales y comerciales. Es correcto, como plantea Jussi Pakkasvirta (1997, 11), que en América Latina el continentalismo ha tenido un significado particular. Ha sobrepasado lo estrictamente geográfico, transformándose en un aspecto de la comunidad política. Estamos aquí frente a un fenómeno que Octavio Ianni (1988, 17) denominara, ‘quinta frontera’. Vale decir, cuando la nación transborda su frontera, en búsqueda de un nuevo espacio territorial; imaginario o no. El ‘continentalismo’ es una visión de gran espacio, quizás la mayor en lo que refiere a un espacio territorial continuo. Sin embargo es bueno tomar en cuenta que estas visiones conviven generalmente con otras ‘quintas fronteras’ referidas a espacios más reducidos que el de un estado. El resultado de una u otra, es producto de una lucha de poder político. En este texto propongo hacer un estudio sobre la proyección de la idea continentalista en  América Latina. Comenzaré con una presentación del concepto ‘continente’ en su uso político y social, pero sobre todo en lo que respecta a las proyecciones nacionales como forma de estructurar un determinado sistema, regional o internacional. Después pasaré a ver más en detalle el significado que esto ha tenido en América Latina y América en general. Esto abarca desde la concepción misma de los estados coloniales e independientes del continente Americano, pasando a nuevas formas de significado y proyección que tiene el continentalismo en el nuevo siglo XXI. En esta última fase es donde se analizará con especial atención, el pensamiento de Alberto Methol Ferré quién, conectándose a visiones históricas encuentra un marco teórico y conceptual dentro del cual darle actualidad a una vieja idea.

  • 13.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    El retorno de la geopolítica: una perspectiva sudamericana2013In: Por uma integracao ampliada do America do Sul no século XXI: XIII Congresso Intrenacional FoMerco, 21-23 novembre 2012, Montevidéu, Uruguai / [ed] Ingrid Sarti, Daniel Perrotta, Monica Leite Lessa, Glauber Cardoso Carvalho, Rio de Janeiro: Perse , 2013, p. 441-466Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Un punto de partida de este trabajo es que hay una suerte de ‘retorno a la geografía’ en los estudios de Relaciones Internacionales (RI). Desde el realismo, el geopolítico estadounidense Robert Kaplan, habla de ‘la venganza de la geografía’, planteando la necesidad de volver a una comprensión del mundo que tome en cuenta los mapas. Según Kaplan, hay que reconocer la existencia de fuerzas que están más allá de nuestro control, limitando la acción humana. Esto lo lleva a lo que, “para los realistas, es la cuestión central en las relaciones exteriores: ¿Quién puede hacer qué a quién? Y de todas las verdades desagradables en las que el realismo tiene sus raíces, la más franca, más incómoda y más determinista de todas es la geografía”.1Se identifica aquí un retorno de la geografía actualizado por la dinámica del proceso de Globalización, que implica: la erosión en la centralidad de los estados nacionales, el impacto de la ‘comunicación masiva’, los mercados globales, y un nuevo papel para grupos locales afianzados en determinados territorios. Para Kaplan, la globalización, más que eliminar la relevancia de la geografía, la está reforzando. El objetivo central de este artículo es analizar la relación entre geopolítica y el área de relaciones internacionales (RI). A modo de presentar una visión práctica sobre expresiones geopolíticas actuales, hemos elegido enfocar este trabajo en un análisis sobre el papel de los planteos geopolíticos en torno al proceso de integración regional Sudamericano, desde la perspectiva de los dos grandes países de esta región:Argentina y Brasil. La primer parte del estudio tratará la relación entre geopolítica y la teoría de relaciones internacionales. Pasaremos a continuación a una profundización sobre el concepto ‘geopolítica’ y sus diferentes corrientes de pensamiento. Finalmente, nos concentraremos un el análisis más concretos sobre la realidad Sudamericana y la influencia de la geopolítica en el reciente surgimiento de esta sub-región como una nueva forma de expresión geopolítica

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  • 14.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Nordic Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Geopolitics and regionalism: A Latin American perspective2021In: Latin American Policy, ISSN 2041-7365, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 221-235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of regional integration has been widely analyzed and debated for a long time. Yet, there is still a limited connection between regional integration issues and geopolitical perspectives. With an analysis focused on Latin America, this study aims to map out theory and practice on this subject. In doing so, the study explores different points of view in relation to regions and geopolitics, and how these two elements are combined in the specific topic of regional integration. This article shows that, in Latin America, there are specific contributions, such as the so-called ‘geopolitics of integration’. Different variations across time and states are identified, as well as common elements such as the search for ‘autonomy’ and ‘development’ as related to issues such as ‘nationalism’ and ‘resistance’ toward imperialism.

  • 15.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    ‘Geopolitics of Integration’ and the Imagination of South America2011In: Geopolitics, ISSN 1465-0045, E-ISSN 1557-3028, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 846-864Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main tenet of this article is to argue that the process of regionalisation in Latin America is entering into a new phase, where South America is consolidating an own process of regional integration. From being not more than a geographical expression, South

    America is rapidly becoming a political and economic entity with increasing international actorhood. One important difference to the past is that there is now a ‘core state’, Brazil, with a clear strategy directed towards deepening South American integration. Yet, Brazil is not alone; there is also an increasing convergence with other South American states and old rivalries are being substituted for increased cooperation in areas such as economy, infrastructure, energy, security or aid. As this article explains, the logic of action of the forces behind the process of integration can be understood by analysing the evolution of South American geopolitical current called ‘geopolitics of integration’.

  • 16.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Nordic Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Geopolítica de la integración, una perspectiva latinoamericana2021In: Tramas y Redes, ISSN 2796-9096, Vol. 12, no 22, p. 49-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [es]

    El objetivo de este artículo es resaltar y analizar los aportes del pensamiento geopolítico latinoamericano.  En primer lugar, se mostrará que hay algo que puede ser llamado pensamiento geopolítico latinoamericano, con raíces muy profundas que llegan al período colonial. Este se enlaza, muy temprano, con la nueva dimensión llamada geopolítica, con respecto al análisis de la relación entre Estado, nación, territorio y sistema internacional. Como se mostrará en el artículo, surgen variedades de pensamiento geopolítico en distintos países de la región, así como en diferentes dimensiones de análisis. En segundo lugar, nos enfocaremos en demostrar que, más allá de las diferencias, hay dos elementos comunes por resaltar en el pensamiento geopolítico de la región. Por un lado la dimensión del “desarrollo”, y, por otro, la “integración regional”. Dos elementos que pueden ser vistos tanto por separado como en conjunto, siendo la “geopolítica de la integración” la contribución más importante desde América Latina. 

  • 17.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Geopolítica y relaciones internacionales: una visión del Cono Sur2011In: Teoría de relaciones internacionales y aplicación práctica / [ed] Paulino Ernesto Arellanes Jimenéz, Puebla, México: Montiel y Soriano Editores , 2011, p. 187-226Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Global Shift: The U.N. System and the New Regionalism in Latin2007In: Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 89-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes Latin America in light of the post–Cold War transformation of the global system. Much of Latin American foreign policy studies traditionally has been concerned with the region’s subordinate position to “core” countries (generally, developed states and their ruling elites) and the degree to which these countries’ policies constrain Latin American policies and development. While this juxtaposition is still a major topic, it ignores the leverage of new “spheres of authority” (SOAs), where global rules and norms are increasingly sustained. A hypothesis presented here is that the U.N. system is an example of such a SOA, which creates a new context for the insertion of periphery demands in the international agenda. A second hypothesis is that such insertion is increasingly made through the creation of new regional groupings, which are an expression of national development and security demands. Such processes carry both new possibilities and challenges.

  • 19.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Kjellén i världen: Brasilien2014In: Rudolf Kjellén: geopolitiken och konservatismen / [ed] Bert Edström, Ragnar Björk, Thomas Lundén, Stockholm: Hjalmarson & Högberg , 2014, p. 306-316Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Nordic Institute of Latin American Studies.
    MERCOSUR y la Geopolítica de la Integración2022In: 30 años del Mercosur: Trayectorias, Flexibilización e Interregionalism / [ed] En Gerardo Caetano; Diego Hernandez Nilson, Montevideo: Lucida , 2022, p. 71-82Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [es]

    El objetivo de este capítulo es hacer un análisis del proceso de construcción y actualidad del Mercosur, desde un punto de vista geopolítico

  • 21.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Nacionalismo Continentalista en Latinoamérica2010In: Anales Nueva Época, ISSN 1101-4148, Vol. 12, p. 55-87Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 22.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Pandemics and Multiple Crises in Latin America2020In: Latin American Policy, ISSN 2041-7373, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 313-319Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic is certainly one of the worst in recent Latin American history. Forecasts for 2020 show a drop in the exports sector of approximately 23%, and a 9% reduction in gross domestic product (GDP). Unemployment is projected to rise from 8.1% in 2019 to 13.5% in 2020, and the poverty rate is expected to climb 7%, to 37.3% poverty is expected rise 4.5% (ECLAC, 2020a). The number of deaths due to Covid-19 in the region has thus far reached more than 210,000 (Johns Hopkins University, 2020), and Latin America is clearly one of the most-affected regions in the world.As is known, this is not the first time the region has been affected by a pan-demic. The initial European colonization was characterized by pandemics with devastating consequences for indigenous peoples. In more recent times we had the so-called Spanish flu pandemic, from 1918 to the early 1920s, which is an interesting case to compare with the current situation. Figures on deaths at that time are not definitive, but there are estimates of approximately 40,000 in Chile, and of more than 12,000 in Argentina (López & Beltrán, 2013). An important sim-ilarity between the Spanish flu and Covid-19 is how they uncovered the flaws of states with an inadequate health sector, as well as strong geographic and social asymmetries within states all over the world and between Latin American states (Carbonetti, 2010, p. 171). Then, as now, the fallout from the pandemic was a wake-up call, making leading political actors and social forces more aware of the problems of social inequality and pushing demand for a more efficient overall state apparatus.

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  • 23.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Rebeldes 'primitivos' e 'institucionalizados': argentinos y uruguayos en conflicto2014In: Ibero-Americana, Nordic Journal of Latin American Studies, ISSN 0046-8444, Vol. 44, no 1-2, p. 195-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The central thesis of this article is that a difficulty in finding a solution to the conflict over the installation of pulp mills on the banks of the Uruguay River is due to a ‘power vacuum’. This is given by the absence of legitimate actors defining a ‘common good’, both nationally and regionally. While it is not the first time that such clashes occur, both the form taken by this (international) conflict, as some of the actors involved (social movements), give rise to thoughts and questions about the implications of a new context that demands new kind of solutions formats. A step in the right direction is to recognize that we are facing a new reality, which is expressed in new forms of articulation of civil society, new forms of interaction between state and citizens and among nation-states. This implies recognition in that nation-states have increasing difficulties, by themselves, to meet the demands of its citizens. It also involves seeking structural solutions that go beyond ‘the national’, looking for new forms of 'citizenship'.

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  • 24.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Nordic Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Rudolf Kjellén’s Intellectual Impact in Latin America2021In: Territory, State and Nation: The Geopolitics of Rudolf Kjellén / [ed] Ragnar Björk, Thomas Lundén, New York: Berghahn Books, 2021Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rudolf Kjellén, regularly referred to as “the father of geopolitics,” developed in the first decade of the twentieth century an analytical model for calculating the capabilities of great-power states and promoting their interests in the international arena. It was an ambitious intellectual project that sought to bring politics into the sphere of social science. Bringing together experts on Kjellén from across the disciplines, Territory, State and Nation explores the century-long international impact, analytical model, and historical theories of a figure immensely influential in his time who is curiously little-known today.

  • 25.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    The geopolitics of the Catholic Church in Latin America2021In: Territory, Politics, Governance, ISSN 2162-2671, E-ISSN 2162-268X, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 455-470Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the geopolitical dimension of the Catholic Church’s activity in Latin America. This involves ideas related to political control, administration and power over territory. It is also related to the pastoral activity of the Church. As shown, the geopolitics of the Church is related to its internal organization as well as in its relations with states and society. The creation and adaptation of geopolitical visions are made through internal processes in connection with political and cultural forces around the Church. This is identified as the religeopolitical scope of the Catholic Church, analysed in this study from a long-term perspective. During colonial times, the geopolitical vision was linked to consolidating global imperial structures. After the shock of the independence period, there was a reconnection to the new states and a reconstruction of geopolitical visions that in time was transformed into a Latin American ‘continental’ vision. Along this line, the study explores the contemporary confluence between the Catholic Church and geopolitics through ideas and conceptual frameworks such as the Patria Grande. Issues such as regional integration, popular theology and Catholic social commitment are presented as core elements of the Church’s geopolitics in Latin America. 

  • 26.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Nordic Institute of Latin American Studies.
    The United Nations and the Politics of Development2022In: Handbook on the Politics of International Development / [ed] Melicia Deciancio; Pablo Nemiña; Diana Tussie, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022, p. 405-416Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter offer insights into how development discourses are formulated, as well as how power drivers push and pull to move agendas. It analyzes the emergence of divergent paths between mainstream and heterodox positions in the elaboration of development-oriented policies. The main area of analysis here is the interface between the politics of international development and the influence of geopolitics, addressing that international arenas were not separated from power structures and interests. In the case of the UN, there was a tension between those experts aligned with the views from great powers and those with diverging goals, the so-called 'defiant bureaucrats'. The chapter pays particular attention on this 'defiant' positions that could be found at both global and regional oriented agencies. For example, the UN's regional economic commissions and the United Nations Commerce and Trade Conference (UNCTAD).

  • 27.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Thinking big from the periphery: Raúl Prebisch and the world system2017In: The Global Political Economy of Raúl Prebisch / [ed] Matias E. Margulis, London: Routledge , 2017, p. 45-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter outlines Raul Prebisch's contributions to the analysis of the world system. It begins with a brief overview of Prebisch's analysis of the world system. The chapter focuses on analysis of the economic, political and geopolitical interconnections in Prebisch's world systemic outlook. It considers Prebisch's ideas and their linkages to other scholarly perspectives in which the centre/periphery dichotomy has been applied to social theory and the international. Although Prebisch had not shown much sympathy for critical perspectives of that time, things changed in the early 1940s when he left the Argentine Central Bank and returned to lecture in Economics at the University of Buenos Aires. This is the period in which Prebisch underwent his so-called theoretical liberation and the start of what he called 'a long period of heresies'. The post-1950 period saw Prebisch continue to refine his analysis of the world system as a single economic unit and the centre-periphery framework.

  • 28.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Appelqvist, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Prebisch and Myrdal: development economics in the core and on the periphery2011In: Journal of Global History, ISSN 1740-0228, E-ISSN 1740-0236, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 29-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ideas on development issues of two ‘pioneers in development’, Raúl Prebisch and Gunnar Myrdal, are tracked in their formation and evolution. The central role of these two ‘defiant bureaucrats’ in the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) and the Economic Commission for Latin America (CEPAL) are used to reflect on the interaction between intellectuals and international institutions in different historical contexts. Both men represented a liberal–universal strand in development thinking. Their divergent conclusions and assessments of the role of international institutions are compared, and are related to their different origins in core and periphery. It is argued that such roots influenced two different approaches to development problems within the UN system.

  • 29.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Briceno-Ruiz, José
    Resilience of Regionalism in Latin America and the Caribbean: Development and Autonomy2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Briceño Ruiz, José
    The European Union and the ''making'' of South American regionalism2009In: The EU and world regionalism: the makability of regions in the 21st century, Farnham: Ashgate, 2009, p. 101-113Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyse the impact of EU involvement on the ‘makability’ of regions in South America, with particular focus on EU's interaction with the Common Market of the South (MERCOSUR), and the Andean Community (AC). The idea of ‘makability’ is closely related to the concept of region and its process of construction. For some specialists, a region is an ‘imagined community’, socially constructed from below. Regions can also be described as zones ‘based on groups, states or territories whose member shared some identifiable traits’ , or as a creation of political powers. The issue of whether a region can be ‘made’ by an external actor, cannot be rejected During the Cold War, for example, state power helped to shape regionalism for security reasons (Katzenstein, 2005: 22). One example was the US's commitment to create the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) or the Organisation of American States (OAS). Another case is the Soviet Unions' promotion of security and economic regional entities in Eastern Europe. Yet, reality is changing in the current multipolar and globalised world, where the rise of regional powers can be seen as the other side of decline of US hegemony. In this context, it is still not clear how an external actor, such as the EU, would help in the construction of   regional integration in other parts of the world.

  • 31.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Briceño Ruiz, JoséUniversidad de los Antes.Casas-Gragea, AngelUniversidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico City.
    Integración Latinoamericana y Caribeña: política y economía2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Garcé, AdolfoUniversidad de la República Oriental del Uruguay.
    Latin America: Left, Right or Beyond?"2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A wave of electoral victories ushering in so-called left-wing governments

    has swept through Latin America. After decades of ‘right

    wing’ military regimes and neo-liberal oriented coalitions, this political

    shift has fuelled an intense debate around how to interpret the

    region’s new geography of power. We welcome this debate, but also

    acknowledge the need to bring in different points of view, including

    cross-country comparisons, that challenge the more or less established

    concepts around this ‘left turn’ in Latin America.

    Some caveats can be raised here. First of all, there may be a risk

    that research is trapped into analysing ‘the left’ without taking into

    account other dimensions, such as the ‘right’ or the ‘center’. Secondly,

    the notion of a ‘left-right’ dichotomy can be tied to different contextual

    circumstances, such as the historical period or the institutional

    environment in which it is analysed. This leads us to a third element,

    namely, the need to bring research into historical perspective

    by analysing the ideological changes and continuities over the long

    term that might enrich the understanding of the current Latin American

    political landscape. Finally, it is of great importance to take into

    account the impact of systemic elements that influence currents of

    opinion and ideological positioning in the region.

    With these factors as points of departure, we ask questions such

    as: (1) what is the meaning of left and right in the current systemic

    and regional context? (2) is there a beyond the distinction of left

    and right? (3) are national, regional, or sub-regional definitions of

    left and right compatible? (4) to what extent is the content of local

    ideological positioning conditioned by systemic changes at the global

    level?

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  • 33.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Nordic Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Selgas, Gianfranco
    Development under scrutiny: environment, geopolitics anda reimagination of Latin America2023In: Handbook on International Development and the Environment / [ed] Benedicte Bull; Mariel Aguilar-Støen, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, p. 71-82Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter aims to analyse the connections between geopolitics, the environment, and development. A relevant perspective on this theme is from ‘environmental geopolitics,’ used to identify hidden complexities in relations portrayed as dominant. This position is inspired mainly by ‘critical geopolitics,’ going beyond states and material, spatial practices, with a focus on ‘representational spaces’ and ‘imagined geographies.’ From that point of view, ‘State’ and ‘capitalism’ are regarded as involved in a neo-liberal discourse, justifying exploitation of ‘cheap nature’ and ‘cheap human labour.’ This chapter deepens into the Latin American debate on these issues, where ‘development has become associated with ‘colonialist modernity’ and ‘predatory neo-liberalism,’ promoting patriarchal and hierarchical states without considering environmental or social dimensions. Our chapter contends that such a view of ‘development’ can be deconstructed and reimagined by engaging with other forms of Latin American imaginaries derived from different disciplines. Our chapter addresses a twofold integration based on ‘regionalist,’ ‘developmental,’ ‘nationalist,’ and geopolitical perspectives. A challenge of the twenty-first century is to find a balance between geopolitical and developmental projections alongside structural concerns related to environmental, ethnic, and gender issues.

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