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  • 1. Andersson, Gunvor
    et al.
    Höjer, IngridSallnäs, MarieStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.Sjöblom, Yvonne
    När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Gunvor
    et al.
    Inst för socialt arbete/Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social barnavård och barns utsatthet2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 13-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3. Andersson, Gunvor
    et al.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Svensk barnavårdsforskning: - en översikt över ett och ett kvarts års forskningsproduktion2007In: Socionomen, Forskningssupplement, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, p. 10-34Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Andersson Vogel, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Good idea, bad prerequisite, zero result - the meaning of context in implementing aftercare for young people in secure unit care2014In: Journal of Children's Services, ISSN 1746-6660, E-ISSN 2042-8677, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 248-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to report results from a quasi-experimental study of outcomes of a leaving care project for youth placed in secure unit care and second, based on the (zero) results, to analyse and discuss the interplay between organisational boundaries, social work and the target group when implementing a project such as the one studied.

    Design/methodology/approach– The outcome study had a quasi-experimental design. The young people in the leaving care programme were compared with a matched reference group who did not get the special leaving care services. Data were collected (structured Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis-interviews) when the young people entered secure units and on follow-up (registered crime and re-entry into care).

    Findings– The outcome study showed that the leaving care project had no effect on the young people's situation at follow-up regarding re-offending and re-entry into secure unit care. This is understood and discussed in relation to the poor implementation of the leaving care project along with an inbuilt conflict between state and local municipality that overshadowed the good intentions of the project.

    Research limitations/implications– The effect study has a quasi-experimental design, and hence differences between the project group and the comparison group at T1 cannot be fully precluded, although nothing is pointing in such a direction. The unclear content of the intervention makes it difficult to decode how the variation in the support given to the young people eventually impacted the results. The zero-results apply to group level, but that may not be valid for each and every one in the project.

    Practical implications– According to earlier research, a key person following young persons through different phases of the care trajectory may be of importance. Learning from the CoC project, one can conclude that such a key person should preferably take the role of advocate for the young person, and not be an administrator mainly concerned with coordinating other professionals. Further, when planning and financing is split between organisations, that split hinders efforts to actually mobilise support for young people leaving secure unit care.

    Originality/value– Few leaving care services are designed for youth with severe behavioural problems and hence, the research is scarce. This study contributes with important knowledge about leaving care interventions for the target group.

  • 5. Healy, Karen
    et al.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    A Comparison of Out-of-home Care for Children and Young People in Australia and Sweden: Worlds Apart?2011In: Australian Social Work, ISSN 0312-407X, E-ISSN 1447-0748, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 416-431Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a comparative analysis of out-of-home care in Australia and Sweden. We compare the age structure of the out-of-home care population and the types of out-of-home care services provided to children and young people in both countries. Our analysis reveals that in Australia the out-of-home care service system is focused mainly on children who are deemed to be abused or neglected within their families, while in Sweden the majority of the out-of-home care population are teenagers who cannot live with their families for emotional or behavioural reasons. These population differences intersect with variations in the forms of service provision in both countries, with a much greater reliance on home-based care in Australia than in Sweden, while there is more extensive use of residential care in Sweden. We envisage that this paper will demonstrate how the age structure of the out-of-home care population, though rarely considered in international comparative child welfare research, reveals much about the assumptions on which State intervention with children and young people is based. We intend that this analysis will assist social workers to better understand and address the gaps in the quality and comprehensiveness of out-of-home care service provision to children and young people in both countries.

  • 6.
    Healy, Karen
    et al.
    University of Queensland.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Response to Katz's Comment on “Comparison of Out-of-home Care for Children and Young People in Australia and Sweden: Worlds Apart?2011In: Australian Social Work, ISSN 0312-407X, E-ISSN 1447-0748, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 437-442Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7. Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Med blicken framåt2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 283-294Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8. Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Sallnäs, MarieStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.Sjöblom, YvonneStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Pålsson, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Debatt: Vad kan man lära av IVOs granskning?2020In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 8, p. 50-51Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Pålsson, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Shanks, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    A Crisis in Swedish Child Welfare? On Risk, Control and Trust2021In: Social Work & Society, ISSN 1613-8953, E-ISSN 1613-8953, Vol. 19, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, Swedish out-of-home care has been criticised for a number of reasons. In this article, based on research and public debate, we discuss this criticism as well as the institutional responses that have been evoked. We use the concepts of risk, control and trust to structure the analysis, which outlines three core issues portrayed as problematic: a) certain principles of the Swedish child welfare system with relevance for the placement of children and adolescence, b) the quality of out-of-home care and c) the privatisation of out-of-home care and the possibility of generating profits on such services. The institutional response to the criticism has mainly been increased control measures, but the development is not uniform - trust and control-oriented responses are often combined. We conclude the article by relating Swedish out-of-home care to international child welfare trends, discussing the institutional responses and the implications for social work practice.

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  • 11.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att värdera dygnsvård: hur nöjda är barnen och vilken betydelse har det2013In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, Vol. Forskningssupplement 33, p. 40-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    I artikeln presenteras en undersökning av hur barn som är placerade i dygnsvård upplever sin situation. Det visar sig att de allra fl esta är nöjda men att det finns grupper som inte trivs i sin vårdmiljö. Särskiltmissnöjda är flickor i institutionsvård. Barns upplevelser av vården diskuteras också i förhållande till andra sätt att mäta kvalitet och utfall.

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  • 12.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barnskyddets innersta kärna – om tvångsplaceringar som motiveras av barns hemförhållanden2019In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 26, no 3-4, p. 283-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The inner core of child protection – on coercive placement motivated by abuse or neglect

    This article is about emergency placement due to child abuse or neglect. Empirical data consists of judgements on coercive care in three administrative courts (n=211). Motives for placements are analysed against the background of the discursive changes that have taken place with regard to definitions of child abuse as well as today’s strong focus on risk and risk assessments. Results show that there were a number of motives to justify the court’s decision in each individual case. However, the broadening of the concept of abuse in research and in general discourse is evident in the judgements. We raise the question whether this matter, in practice, has resulted in more children being cared for because of an expansion of the concept of violence. As for risk assessments, two types of causal reasoning can be identified: situations where the child has been abused or neglected and where the risk assessment is about the probability that the problems will continue, and situations where the child has not been harmed but risks being harmed in the future. However, risk assessments are not that elaborate and systematic as presupposed in legislation. Taken together, the findings call for a discussion both within the justice system and in social work.

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  • 13.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den sociala barnavården och dess klienter2017In: Den kantstötta välfärden / [ed] Hans Swärd, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 223-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Familiepleje i Danmark [Foster Care in Denmark]2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 287-288Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Familiepleje I Denmark by Bryderup, Engen and Kring (2017) is a very ambitious piece of work. The book has more than six hundred pages, and includes a Danish national empirical study of foster carers and foster children, the historical and socio political context of this type of care, a comparative sub study of care in Norway, Sweden and England in relation to Denmark, as well as an extensive review of research on foster care and children in placement. According to the authors, too little is known about the foster care system and the children in it. Therefore, the overall aim of the book is to bring knowledge to a field with big knowledge gaps.

  • 15.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    HVB för barn och unga - en evig vinstmaskin?2019In: Socialpolitik, ISSN 1104-6376, no 2, p. 22-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hvb, hem för vård eller boende, är kanske det fält inom välfärdsområdet där privatiseringarna gått som längst. Avkastningen är mycket hög, 20 procent. En siffra som sticker ut.

    Under rubriken ”Ungdomshem en guldgruva”, kunde Dagens Industri för fem år sedan konstatera: ”Boende för barn och ungdomar är en lönsam nisch för vårdbolag. Miljonvinsterna fortsätter att rulla in även om ett stundande vinstförbud hänger som ett mörkt moln över branschen”. Idag kan vi konstatera att något mörkt moln inte längre hänger som ett hot, vinstbegränsningar har i det stora hela försvunnit från den politiska dagordningen. Men hur är det då med själva vinsterna? Den frågan och hur det gått till när hvb-vård blivit ett fält för privata företag diskuteras i den här artikeln.

  • 16.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Klass, kön och etnicitet i den sociala barnavården2003In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 10, no 2-3, p. 193-213Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel tar utgångspunkt i ett socialpolitiskt perspektiv och analyserar hur barnavårdsproblem över tid kopplats till klass, kön och etnicitet. Hur har dessa faktorer behandlats i officiella texter om barnavård under 1900talet och hur framstår de i offentlig statistik?

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  • 17.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Samhällsvårdade ungdomars kontakter med föräldrar och syskon2009In: Socionomens forskningssupplement nr 26, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, p. 20-35Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 18.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sibling contact among Swedish children in foster and residential care: Out of home care in a family service system2012In: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 396-402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates siblingcontact among Swedish fostered children in foster and residentialcare. The study also examines a potential link between siblingcontact and psychosomatic status. Highly structured interviews were conducted with 240 young people (13–18 years) in out of homecare. Results show unfulfilled desire for siblingcontact among children in Swedishout-of-homecare. Nearly 40% of the children interviewed see their siblings more seldom than monthly and a good half of the children—more girls than boys—want more siblingcontact. The longer the time the children have spent in care, the greater is the risk of being without contact with brothers and sisters; and the more seldom the children see their siblings, the more they crave contact. The Swedishfamilyservicesystem is obviously no guarantee of fostered children keeping their desired contact with brothers and sisters. Thus, an important task for social workers and others involved in the life of separated children is to open opportunities for contact—if the children want it. From achildren's rights perspective, it is fundamental to facilitate siblingcontact among fostered children according to their own wishes.

  • 19.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social barnavård under 30 år: - mer av samma eller något nytt?2014In: Tre decennier med socialtjänstlagen: utopi. vision, verklighet / [ed] Ulla Pettersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2014, 1, p. 47-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ställ krav på barnets offentliga biträde vid LVU2020In: Socionomen, ISSN 0282-1001, no 5, p. 16-21Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sweden - A Family Service Model with Tensions2012In: Evolution of Child Protection and Child Welfare Policies in Selected European Countries / [ed] Hämäläinen, Juha, Ostrava: ERIS European Research Institute for Social Work , 2012, p. 277-292Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tvång och marknad: De särskilda ungdomshemmen och deras omgivningsvillkor2012In: Rätt, social utsatthet och samhälleligt ansvar / [ed] Rydberg-Welander, Lotti och Alexius, Katarina, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson Vogel, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Utvärdering av en förstärkt vårdkedja för ungdomar som vårdats vid SiS-institution: Slutrapport2012Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Utvärdering av en förstärkt vårdkedja för ungdomar som vårdats vid SiS-institution, är en forskningsrapport som skildrar försöket med förstärkt vårdkedja för ungdomar som lämnar särskilda ungdomshem. Bakgrunden till försöket är de svårigheter som ungdomar står inför när de avslutar vårdperioden vid SiS. En central del i vårdkedjeprojektet har varit de särskilda samordnare som haft till uppgift att utgöra en länk mellan ungdomarna, deras familjer och inblandade myndigheter. Vårdkedjeprojektet omfattade placeringar från 15 kommuner och bestod, utöver tillsättande av samordnare, av en subvention på dygnsavgiften till SiS.

    För att undersöka resultatet av samordnarnas arbete har ungdomar med eller utan samordnare jämförts. Utfallet har undersökts med hjälp av tre datakällor: (1) ungdomarnas uppgifter om hur de har det cirka ett år efter utskrivning, (2) hur många som återinskrivits ett år efter att de lämnat institutionen och (3) brottslighet två år efter utskrivning. Dessutom har samordnarna fyllt i enkäter om innehålleti sitt arbete.

    Den samlade slutsatsen pekar på att ungdomar som tagit del av satsningen med samordnare inte fått en bättre situation än jämförbara ungdomar med ”vanliga insatser”. Denna förhållandevis säkra slutsats begränsar sig dock till återfall i brottslighet och återinskrivningar till SiS.

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    SiS-rapport
  • 24.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Shanks, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Stability and change in the field of residential care for children: On ownership structure, treatment ideas and institutional logics2020In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 39-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of residential care for children and youth in Sweden is often termed unstable and turbulent. During recent decades the field has been subject to many changes. In this study, the development and changes in the field of residential care for children and youth in terms of ownership structure and treatment ideas will be analysed. The study is particularly focused on the changes in ownership structure that have taken place during the 2010s. It also analyses changes in treatment ideas, and discusses how these may relate to transformations of ownership structures as well as to dimensions of institutional logics, such as legislation and other types of normative pressure from the environment.

    The result reveals that of the approximately 450 treatment oriented residential care units (excluding homes for refugee children), close to 80 % are today run by private companies and to a growing extent by large for-profit corporations. Parallel – and possibly related – to the changes in ownership structure, the dominant treatment ideas have changed over time. The changes in the field can be summarised as a transformation from small-scale establishments with a family logic, to large-scale establishments with a professional logic, or more specifically from a domination of small family run units with milieu therapy to big business and a focus on evidence based interventions.

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  • 25.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Marknadsutrymme för privata utförare inom social barn- och ungdomsvård och missbrukarvård: förändringar och drivkrafter2018In: Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen / [ed] Marie Sallnäs, Stefan Wiklund, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 61-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Meagher, Gabrielle
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Macquarie University, Australia.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Big Business in a Thin Market: Understanding the Privatization of Residential Care for Children and Youth in Sweden2016In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 50, no 7, p. 805-823Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the transformation of Swedish residential care homes for children from a regionally coordinated, public social service system into a thin, but highly profitable, national spot market in which large corporations have a growing presence. Marketization and privatization are theorized as complex processes, through which the institutional structure and logics of this small, but significant, social policy field changed profoundly. Using official documents, register data, media reports and existing research, three consecutive phases in the development of the children’s home market are identified since the early 1980s. Change was driven on one hand by policies inspired by New Public Management, which shifted public authority horizontally to the private sector, and vertically to local authorities (funding) and to the state (regulation). On the other hand were responses of local authorities and private actors to the changing incentives that policy shifts entailed. During the first two phases, both the proportion and size of for-profit providers increased, and the model of family-like care was replaced by a professional model. Cutting across the trend of privatization in the third phase was establishment of a parallel system of homes for unaccompanied refugee children – mostly in public ownership. Similarities with privatization in the English system of children’s care homes are noted. By showing how the Swedish market for residential care has been created by policy and by actors’ responses to those reforms, the article provides a foundation for thinking through how the predictable, significant and well-documented problems of such care markets might be addressed.

  • 27.
    Pettersson, Ulla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergmark, Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Szebehely, Marta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Introduktion2014In: Tre decennier med Socialtjänstlagen: utopi, vision, verklighet / [ed] Ulla Pettersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2014, p. 11-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att studera utfall och effekter: om social barnavård och nytta2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2012, 1, p. 255-277Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barnavårdens institutioner: framväxt, ideologi och struktur2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study presents an overview of the historical growth and deve-lopment of residential care for children and youth in Sweden as well as an analysis of the present-day structure and organisation. The empirical material consists of official statistics, government reports and data from a questionnaire addressed to all registered residential homes in the child welfare sector at the end of 1995. The history of residential care for children and youth is marked by a period of establishment and expansion in the first decades of the last century, followed by a process of major de-institutionalisa-tion in the period after the Second World War. A third phase was introduced with the Social Service Act of 1980, which laid down new premises for child welfare. Traditional concepts of children’s homes were replaced in the legislation by the “HVB-home” and the dividing line between institutions and foster homes became blurred. The study shows that contrary to what was intended, a growing part of out-of-home placements during the 1980:s and 1990:s where into residential care. In fact, residential care has taken over “market shares” from foster care in Sweden. Analysis of the range of alternatives shows that residential care today is relatively small-scale and that nearly all of the smaller units are privately run. Approximately half of the homes have teenagers as their target group and most homes work with longer-term pro-grammes of treatment and care. Educational background among staff varies considerably, but in general the level of educational is low. So far, no professional forces have proved strong enough to organise the field on a mutually knowledgeable, normative ground. A problem is the lack of unanimous concepts and a common language with a terminology that can be used for a systematic de-scription of the care or treatment given. What is clear, however, is that a new form of residential care can be identified – so-called hy-brid homes that are somewhere in between extended foster homes and small institutions – and that these homes have gained a con-siderable position in the field.

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  • 30.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Familjehemsvård i granskningssamhället2015In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, p. 26-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gunvor Andersson - 2013 års mottagare av pris från CSA2013In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, p. 4p. 48-51Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Institutionsvård för barn och unga2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2012, 1, p. 185-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Privatiseringens effekter nu och i framtiden.: Exemplet institutionsvård för barn och ungdomar.2011In: Far väl välfärden?: Socialtjänsten i framtiden, Fas/Forskningsrådet för Arbetsliv och Samhälle , 2011, p. 56-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    Far val till valfarden
  • 34.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Privatiseringens konsekvenser med exempel från den sociala barnavården2013In: Dokumentation från seminariet Den svenska välfärdsmodellens uppgång och fall?, Stockholm: Centralförbundet för socialt arbete , 2013, p. 14-15Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Swedish Residential Care in the Landscape of Out-of-Home Care2009In: Residential Care of Children: Comparative Perspectives / [ed] Courney, Mark E & Iwaniec Dorotea, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 38-53Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lagerlöf, Hélène
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Forskare studerar välfärden hos barn och ungdomar i samhällsvård2007In: Socionomen, no 1, p. 42-45Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det sociala ansvarets organisering: Social barnavård mellan byråkrati och solidaritet, författare Claes Levin2017In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, p. 42-43Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Shanks, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Therapeutic content in Swedish residential care for children and youth - managers choices and the reasoning behind: [Terapeutiskt innehåll i institutionsvård för barn och unga – föreståndares val och resonemangen bakom]2023In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 376-388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of residential care for children and youth in Sweden is fragmented; there is a diversity both in terms of ownership and in terms of therapeutic content. This article analyses how decisions regarding therapeutic content are made in residential care settings. The data consists of interviews with representatives of different types of residential care organisations. The results indicate that the field is impacted by different logics as well as multiple actors and environmental elements shaping the prerequisites for decisions about therapeutic content. Local managers have substantial discretion in deciding which models and treatments that should be used in their settings and they can in that capacity be viewed as key actors in the field. The decisions of managers are influenced by a mix of professional and market logics, but there are also some traces of a family logic. Signs of a professional logic can be discerned in claims about models and treatments viewed as evidence-based and/or locally evaluated, but such claims are also perceived as competitive on the market. A gap between descriptions of models and treatments and actual practice is acknowledged by managers and believed to be fuelled by procurement processes and market considerations.

  • 39.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Instabilitet i familjehemsvården – en regional studie om sammanbrott bland yngre barn och bland barn i långvarig familjehemsvård: Bilaga 1: Underlagsrapport2012In: Oplanerade avbrott i familjehemsplaceringar av yngre barn och långvarigt placerade barn, Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen , 2012, p. 24-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Samhällsvårdade tonåringar som vuxna: en uppföljande registerstudie2009In: Socionomens forskningssupplement, ISSN 0283-1929, no 3, p. 30-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kyhle Westermark, Pia
    Breakdown of teenage placements in Swedish foster and residential care.2009In: Children in State Care / [ed] Courtney, M & Thoburn, J, Farnham, England: Ashgate, 2009Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Epilog: individ- och familjeomsorgen inom radarns synfält2018In: Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen / [ed] Marie Sallnäs, Stefan Wiklund, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 229-235Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Introduktion: socialtjänstmarknaden under radarn2018In: Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen / [ed] Marie Sallnäs, Stefan Wiklund, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 14-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Konkurrensutsättnig av individ- och familjeomsorgen: om marknadssärdrag och statlig tillsyn2015In: Människobehandlande organisationer: villkor för ledning, styrning ochprofessionellt välfärdsarbete / [ed] Staffan Johansson, Peter Dellgran, Staffan Höjer, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2015, 1, p. 314-330Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Privata utförare av välfärdstjänster:  om marknad och kokurrensutsättning inom individ- och familjeomsorgen2011In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 8, p. 23-27Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Privatisering inom individ- och familjeomsorgen2018In: Manifest: för ett socialt arbete i tiden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Philip Lalander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 59-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Privata aktörer har en framträdande roll inom flera av socialtjänstens verksamhetsområden, något som påverkar förutsättningarna för arbetet. Forskningen har pekat ut flera problem som är förknippade med den typ av marknadsförhållanden som råder på socialtjänstområdet. En försvårande omständighet är att de som direkt berörs av socialtjänstens insatser är en socialt selekterad grupp med svag samhällsposition och med starkt begränsade möjligheter att utöva någon form av konsumentmakt. I kapitlet diskuteras privatiseringens omfattning och konsekvenser, samt i vilken riktning man ska tro att utvecklingen går i framtiden.

  • 47.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, StefanStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    To study living conditions among children in out of home care: Is equality a reasonable ambition?2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vårdlandskapet och tvånget: om tvångsplaceringar i olika vårdformer under inledningen av 2000-talet2017In: Tvångsvård av barn och unga: rättigheter, utmaningar och gränszoner / [ed] Pernilla Leviner, Tommy Lundström, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2017, p. 59-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lagerlöf, Hélenè
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Welfare resources among children in care2012In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 467-483Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a study on living conditions among children, 13-18 years old (n = 272) in on-going foster and residential care, concepts from welfare theory and empirical research are applied. We argue that using a welfare perspective and the concept of level of living when assessing looked after children's situation provides several advantages. From this perspective, children are agents for whom access to resources will influence their discretion and possibility to act. By using concepts from welfare research and replicated national surveys of living conditions on a population of placed children, we can assess the extent to which these children enjoy such a standard while in care. In other words, it is possible to assess the compensatory capacity of state care for a population of children that has been recognized as deprived in terms of welfare resources in their birth families. The overall conclusion concerning the welfare dimensions studied is that children in care in general have less access to resources than their peers in the normal population. This holds particularly true for children in residential care, where the differences are substantial. In other words, the care context tends to differentiate the extent to which society acts to compensate for the initial disadvantaged position from which children in care often originate

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