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  • 1.
    Axelsson Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Den skötsamme invandraren: Etnicitet och alkoholvanor i den svenska befolkningen2008Inngår i: Nykterhet i rörelse: Nykterhetens och Nykterhetsrörelsens utveckling efter 1970, SOBERs förlag, Sandviken , 2008, s. 261-298Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2.
    Axelsson Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    The development of drinking, non drinking and temperance movement2007Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 3.
    Axelsson Sohlberg, Tove
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Tal om tobak 2008: Tobakskonsumtionen i Sverige 20082009Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under år 2008 fördes cirka 424 miljoner cigaretter in i Sverige från utlandet i samband med svenskars utlandsresor. I jämförelse med år 2007 har ingen förändring skett. Antalet köpta smuggelcigaretter har däremot ökat mellan 2007 och 2008 från 144 miljoner till 440 miljoner dvs. med cirka 205 procent. Köp av privatimporterade cigaretter, det vill säga köp av cigaretter som privatpersoner lagligt fört in i landet och sålt vidare utan kommersiellt syfte, uppgick år 2008 till cirka 134 miljoner vilket i jämförelse med år 2007 är en ökning med cirka 6 procent. Sammantaget så ökade därmed den oregistrerade cigarettkonsumtionen under 2008 med cirka 44 procent i jämförelse med 2007 (998 miljoner mot 694 miljoner). Den registrerade (i Sverige beskattade) cigarettförsäljningen minskade under 2008 samtidigt som den oregistrerade cigarettkonsumtionens andel av den totala cigarettkonsumtionen (det vill säga den registrerade och den oregistrerade sammantaget), ökade från 9,5 procent under 2007 till 14 procent för 2008. Den totala cigarettkonsumtionen fortsätter dock att minska under 2008 och var ca 2,7 procent lägre än 2007 och 7,7 procent lägre än 2006. Denna utveckling får stöd i andra uppgifter som visar att andelen dagligrökare minskat under samma period. I denna rapport skattades också den oregistrerade snuskonsumtionen för år 2008 vilken uppgick till cirka 30,8 miljoner dosor varav 17 miljoner var resandeinförda (främst från Finland) och cirka 9,7 miljoner hade beställts via Internet. Köp av smuggelsnus uppgick till cirka 4 miljoner dosor. Detta är i jämförelse med år 2007 en total ökning med cirka 320 procent (30,8 miljoner mot 7,3 miljoner).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Tal om tobak 2008: Tobakskonsumtionen i Sverige 2008
  • 4.
    Cisneros Örnberg, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Swedish Tobacco policy: from rational choice to ‘harm to others’2012Inngår i: A welfare policy patchwork: negotiating the public good in times of transition / [ed] Matilda Hellman, Gun Roos, Julius von Wright, Helsinki: Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues (NVC) , 2012, s. 65-82Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses the development of Swedish tobacco policy and tobacco regulation since the early 1990s. In addition, it looks at how this policy has been influenced by the World Health Organization, the European Union, the Nordic countries and various others stakeholders, and examines the effect of policy changes on smoking cessation in the Swedish population. The chapter is based on both primary and secondary sources such as policy documents, previous research and survey data. It is concluded that both the political and research focus has shifted from the provision of information to rational individuals to highlighting the effects of smoking to others. Swedish tobacco regulation has been influenced by policies in other Nordic countries, but it is largely a product of WHO and EU recommendations and directives. In an international perspective, Swedish tobacco policy seems to have been rather more reactive than proactive. It is also shown that policy decisions on pricing and availability, for instance, have a somewhat greater impact on smoking cessation than information. However, women tend to be more responsive than men to information campaigns and health warnings.

  • 5.
    Hedlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen, Stockholms barnrättscentrum. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Salmonsson, Lisa
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Unaccompanied girls with precarious odds2021Inngår i: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 3871-3887Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Statistics made available by the Swedish Migration Agency (SMA) make it possible to follow first-decision outcomes in asylum cases concerning unaccompanied children (types of residence permits granted, percentage of rejections, etc.). Yet, we know little about differences in asylum decision outcomes for unaccompanied children coming to Sweden. Therefore, we wanted to find out how gender, country of origin, and asylum reports are associated with the likelihood of being granted residency. Asylum decisions concerning unaccompanied children were first coded inductively. These codes were later merged into larger categories that were analyzed quantitatively by logistic regression analysis. The data sample consisted of one calendar year of asylum decisions issued by the SMA. Results show that fewer girls than boys were granted asylum, and in fact, girls have an overall lower prospect of being granted residency. Results also display statistically significant gender differences in reported reasons for seeking asylum.

  • 6. Kjällmén, Håkan
    et al.
    Wennberg, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Matz
    Effects of a School Tobacco Policy on Student Smoking and Snus Use2020Inngår i: Health behavior and policy review, ISSN 2326-4403, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 358-365Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: A school tobacco policy (STP) commonly is used to reduce smoking among adolescents, but the effectiveness of such programs is unclear. We evaluated the impact of an STP on tobacco use in 4 schools.

    Methods: The study included 4 intervention and 4 control schools, located in the inner city of Stockholm, Sweden. Schools self-selected for assignment to either an intervention program or a comparison group. In total, the study was comprised of 2671 students in grades 9 and 11, ages 15 to 18, and 1998 students (75%) responded to the questionnaire. We used a repeated cross-sectional design with assessment of tobacco use prevalence before implementation of the STP in 2016 and after 2 years under the program, in 2018.

    Results: Two years after the STP, the intervention school in grade 9 showed a lower prevalence (13.5% vs 1.6%) in the proportion of students who reported smoking (χ2 = 4.54; p < .05) whereas the proportion reporting snus use was practically unchanged. We found no statistically significant impact of the STP for grade 11.

    Conclusions: The results are promising with regard to smoking, when the STP is implemented in early adolescence.

  • 7. Kühlhorn, Eckart
    et al.
    Axelsson Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    En analys av abstinens och alkoholkonsumtion: Med sikte på de nyktra och kyrkliga sektorerna i befolkningen2008Inngår i: Nykterhet i rörelse: Nykterhetens och Nykterhetsrörelsens utveckling efter 1970, SOBER förlag, Sandviken , 2008, s. 67-136Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 8.
    Radwan, Samira
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    INTERNETALKOHOL: En kartläggning av självrapporterade alkoholbeställningar via Internet 2004 – 20122012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Ramstedt (red.), Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Boman, Ulrika
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Engdahl, Barbro
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Svensson, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Tal om alkohol 2010: en statistisk årsrapport från Monitorprojektet2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Alcohol consumption and the role of smokeless nicotine2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Changes in smoking in Sweden since the mid 20th century – the influence of age, gender, education, and socio-economic statusArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction/Aim: Identification of factors that predicts smoking initiation and cessation is of importance both for effective prevention strategies and cessation aid. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to characterise individuals that has started to smoke and individuals that quit smoking, with respect to age, sex, education, socio-economic circumstances, and family situation and analyse to what extent these variables predicts smoking initiation and smoking cessation. The results are discussed in relation to the policy and societal development in Sweden.

    Design/Method: The data consists of self-reported data on smoking experiences, obtained from the so-called Monitor-project during Oct 2009- May 2010. By the turn of each month 1 500 individuals, aged 16-84, from a representative sample in the Swedish population (n=12 008) were interviewed via telephone. The analyses consist of descriptive statistics as well as logistic regression models.

    Results: Smoking initiation and cessation is found to vary between socio-demographic and socio-economic factors, and the rapid decrease in smoking during the past decades has resulted in a rather vulnerable group of smokers in these aspects. The changes in smoking patterns can be understood and explained in relation to social and tobacco policy developments in Sweden.

    Discussion/Conclusions: The study concludes that the present situation, with a low smoking prevalence over all, however concentrated to rather vulnerable groups, such as young, low educated and single women, gives raise for the need of measures in the social-political framework. 

  • 12.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Drinking patterns and the role of smokeless nicotine2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    How low can we go? Tobacco control in Sweden2016Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 33, nr 4, s. 339-341Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Identity changes in Smoking cessation- results from a Swedish sample of stable former smokersManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on recovering from different addictive behaviours has examined e.g. the need for change in lifestyle, the importance of social networks, and more medical aspects like how to overcome craving, and coping. However, as suggested by Koski-Jännes (2002), a recovery might require identity work to achieve a more permanent change. Thus, this is a study of the, eventual, long-term changes in identity among former smokers.

    Subjects were recruited from a representative sample of stable former smokers who previously had answered a postal survey (n=1683) concerning their process to a smoke-free life, and in relation to this been asked if they were willing to take part in a personal interview about their smoking cessation process. Out of convenience reasons, 150 interviewees were randomly selected among residents in Stockholm county (n=267), and out of these 75 had agreed to take part in a personal interview. After a second request 41 subjects were still willing to participate. Out of them, 10 women and 10 men were randomly chosen, and contacted at least three times via telephone during April and May 2012. The final sample consists of 19 former smokers (10 women, 9 men), who had been smoke-free for at least the latest 12 months before the interview.

    Finally, 19 personal, semi-structured, interviews were performed during May 2012. Respondents were asked to draw a life-line, and the interview circled around how they had experienced, understood, and interpreted the changes in their “smoking-career” – from initiation to cessation – with special emphasize on identity matters, and whether the changes in smoking also implied changes in respondents’ social and personal identity (Harré, 1983, Koski-Jännes, 2002).  The transcriptions of the semi-structured interviews were analyzed using basic Content Analysis (e.g. Morgan, 1993; White & Marsch, 2006).   The analyses showed that mainly women had benefited of an identity change in their smoking cessation process.  

  • 15.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    In favour of tobacco control? Former smokers’ support for tobacco policies2019Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 36, nr 6, s. 496-510Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Tobacco control (TC) in Sweden is being continuously strengthened.

    Aims:

    The study aimed to examine attitudes towards different TC policies among former smokers, the difference between nicotine-free former smokers and those who use nicotine in the form of snus or nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs), and whether different TC strategies tend to become more acceptable over time.

    Methods:

    Respondents are part of a seven-year follow-up of former smokers in Sweden. Initially, 1400 respondents were contacted regarding participation and 705 answered a survey (response rate 50%). The present study used cross-sectional data on attitudes towards different TC policies and respondent’s level of support were measured on a 4-point scale. Analyses consist of percentage distribution of level of agreement, in total and between nicotine-free individuals and users of nicotine in the form of snus or NRTs, as well as logistic regressions in order to predict the odds for supporting the different policies. In addition, a percentage distribution of support for different policies introduced during different time-periods is shown.

    Results:

    There is an overall support for smoke-free environments. Nicotine users are, however, overall slightly more opposed, especially to policies aiming at denormalising smoking. Public support is important for successful implementation but resistance can pass, and interventions tend to become more acceptable over time.

    Conclusion:

    While smoke-free indoor environments can be justified by scientific evidence of harm to others, bans against smoking outdoors might be experienced as intrusive. Policies need to rest on scientific arguments and be seen as appropriate actions, underlining the importance of information for successful implementations.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Smoking cessation and gender differences – results from a Swedish sample2015Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 32, nr 3, s. 259-276Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Previous research has concluded that the prevalence of smoking, as well as reasons to quit and strategies to become smoke-free, varies markedly by gender.  However, we lack a more comprehensive understanding of the process that leads to a quit attempt and a positive long-term outcome, and also the gender specific mechanism behind a successful cessation. The aim is therefore to investigate motives for, mechanism in, and factors behind smoking cessation, with special regard to gender differences.

    Data/Method: During Oct 2009- May 2010 respondents were recruited via the so-called Monitor-project. By the turn of each month 1,500 individuals, aged 16-80, from a representative sample in the Swedish population (n=12 000) were interviewed via telephone. Via a screening process those who stated being previous daily smokers, but smoke-free for at last 12 months, were asked to answer a postal survey (n=1 683) concerning their process to a smoke-free life. The analyses consist of both descriptive statistics and factor analyses.

    Results: The results indicate that women’s smoking filled several functions in life, that they often quit for the sake of others, and that the cessation process was quite complex. Men tended to experience smoking as quite unproblematic and often quit out of more self-oriented reasons. Moreover, even though a majority quit smoking without any professional help or other means the use among those who did was clearly gendered.

    Conclusions: Gender differences were found in reasons to smoke, reasons to quit, and strategies to quit smoking why cessation strategies should be gender sensitive, taking special needs into account.

  • 17.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Smoking cessation in Sweden - gender, pathways, and identity2014Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on smoking has to a great deal been conducted within a public health or a medical context, or focused on policy making. Fewer studies have taken their point of departure in a social sciences context, and still fewer have analysed why individuals start and cease to smoke, and how and why smoking patterns on an aggregate level change over time and vary between different population groups.

    The aim of this dissertation is to analyse changes in the Swedish tobacco consumption with special emphasis at elucidating the decrease in smoking during the past half-century from different angels. Thus, the first paper explore if and how changes in smoking patterns can be understood and explained with reference to Sweden’s development as a welfare state, and in relation to socio-demographic and socio-economic circumstances. The second paper focuses on the long-term pathways to smoking cessation, by discerning several distinct trajectories from smoker to non-smoker. The third paper analyses gender differences with regard to reasons to smoke, experiences of smoking, and central elements in the cessation process. Finally, in the fourth paper, the issue of to what extent smoking cessation can be described as a process of identity change is explored.  

    Smoking initiation and cessation vary by socio-demographic and socio-economic factors, and the rapid decrease in smoking has resulted in a rather vulnerable group of smokers in these aspects. The results also indicate that the cessation process is complex, with personal and structural factors interacting in the long-term process, leading to multiple pathways to a smoke-free life. Moreover, they point to gender differences in reasons to smoke and to quit, and in strategies to quit smoking. In addition, identity change seems to be important in remaining smoke-free. The stated inequality in gender and class points in the direction that structural changes and social policies might be of need to decrease smoking even further.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Sohlberg Dissertation
  • 18.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Snus cessation patterns - a long-term follow-up of snus users in Sweden2020Inngår i: Harm Reduction Journal, E-ISSN 1477-7517, Vol. 17, nr 1, artikkel-id 62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Several studies have investigated the role of snus as an aid to become smoke-free, but few have focused on who use snus, how they perceive snus use, why and how they quit, and their perception of being nonsnus users. The purpose of this paper is to describe snus cessation patterns.

    Methods: Respondents are part of a 7-year follow-up of former smokers in Sweden. Initially, 1400 respondents were contacted regarding participation and 705 answered a web-based survey (response rate 50%). Out of them, 118 had used snus. The analyses include percentage distributions, as well as factor analyses of inventories, and configural frequency analysis in order to examine configurations of snus-related patterns.

    Results: Over 80% found snus of great importance to succeed with smoking cessation and half of them continued to use snus on a long term. Those who experienced both physical and psychological effects of switching to snus were the ones who continued and vice versa; those who did not experience such effects quit using snus. None made use of professional help but had their own strategies (60%), and most respondents who quit obtained psychological benefits (68%).

    Conclusions: The distinction between the concepts smoke-free, tobacco-free, and nicotine-free contributes to nuances in the debate on snus as harm reduction. Continued snus use does not mean that snus is not an effective aid to become smoke-free. Snus cessation is mostly mentioned in relation to advices on how to succeed, but the cessation process has rarely been described; therefore, this study expands the knowledge on this quite neglected topic and contributes to a more nuanced picture of snus cessation.

  • 19.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Tal om tobak 2010: Tobakskonsumtionen i Sverige 20102011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Tal om tobak 2012: Tobakskonsumtionen i Sverige 20122012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Tal om Tobak. Tobakskonsumtionen i Sverige 2010.2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Tobacco: science and policy impact on world public health2011Inngår i: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 397-400Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 23.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Helmersson Bergmark, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Lifestyle and Long-Term Smoking Cessation2020Inngår i: Tobacco Use Insights, ISSN 1179-173X, Vol. 13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since smoking is the leading cause of preventable death, discouraging smoking initiation, encouraging smoking cessation, and exploring factors that help individuals to stay smoke free are immensely important. One such relevant factor may be the impact of lifestyle for long-term smoking cessation.

    Method: A representative sample of successful quitters was recruited for a study about smoking cessation. These respondents are now part of a 7-year follow-up with the overall aim of revealing factors affecting long-term smoking cessation. Descriptive analyses were carried out at baseline and at follow-up, as well as a further two-step cluster analysis to explore profiles of long-term smoke-free individuals.

    Results: A majority did not make any particular lifestyle changes, but among those who did, most adopted a healthier lifestyle and/or increased their quota of physical training, where permanent changes in this direction seem to promote a more enduring smoke-free life.

    Conclusions: Individuals who want to quit smoking should be encouraged to increase their level of physical activity. Swedish health care institutions should be able to provide support for this both initially and over time to promote the long-term maintenance of a smoke-free lifestyle.

  • 24.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    How do former smokers perceive information about nicotine products? Evidence from Sweden2021Inngår i: Drugs and alcohol today, ISSN 1745-9265, E-ISSN 2042-8359, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 312-324Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Health promotion strategies often attempt to change people’s behavior through targeting their risk perceptions. These perceptions may, however, be moderated by other factors. This study therefore aimed at investigating the trustworthiness and consistency of risk information, as well as respondent perceptions of the adequacy of amount received among a representative sample of former smokers, and how this information is related to gender, age, education level and whether using nicotine or not.

    Design/methodology/approach - The respondents are part of a seven-year follow-up of former smokers in Sweden. Initially, 1400 respondents were contacted, whereof 705 (response rate 50%) answered a Web-survey. The majority (85 %) was still nicotine-free but some made use of nicotine in different forms. The data analysis includes descriptive statistics and logistic regressions.

    Findings - Most respondents trusted risk information whether offered by the public authorities or came from other sources such as media, and generally perceived that there was an adequate amount. However, there were some differences between the products, where quite a few distrusted information on Nicotine Replacement Therapies (NRTs) and some perceived the information on snus and NRTs as contradictory and too little.

    Originality/value - Knowledge about how former smokers perceive information regarding negative aspects of cigarette use may facilitate more effective risk communication with current smokers, and it may also be important for communicating information about other nicotine products to those who are trying to or who already have quit smoking.

  • 25.
    Sohlberg, Tove
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Wennberg, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD). Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Developmental pathways to smoking cessation2014Inngår i: Drugs and alcohol today, ISSN 1745-9265, E-ISSN 2042-8359, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 96-106Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To a great extent research about smoking cessation has focussed on effects from different support programs and means, in spite of that several studies have shown that over 90 percent quit smoking without such help. Factors that are important for the individual in the process from being a smoker to becoming smoke-free is less examined and also how these factors interact. The purpose of this paper is to describe typical careers or pathways that end up with a successful smoking cessation.

    Design/methodology/approach – Respondents were recruited during Oct 2009-May 2010 via screening-questions in the so-called Monitor – project. By the turn of each month 1,500 individuals, aged 16-84, from a representative sample in the Swedish population, were interviewed via telephone. Respondents who stated being previous daily smokers, but smoke-free for at least 12 months, and agreed to participate were asked to answer a postal survey (n=¼1,683) concerning their process to a smoke-free life. The analyses of data included the linking of individuals between different states in the stages toward becoming smoke-free.

    Findings – Several typical pathways were described and respondents with more severe smoking habits followed different pathways than individuals with milder problems. Nicotine replacement therapys or Swedish smoke-free tobacco was not found to be a component in any of the typical pathways.

    Originality/value – Smoking cessation is a heterogeneous phenomenon and individuals can follow several pathways to become smoke-free, therefore this study adds to a more nuanced picture of smoking cessation and also expands the knowledge concerning smoking cessation in individual long-term processes.

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