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  • 1.
    Andersson, Catrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sundström, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    En särskild typ av megaprojekt2021In: Megaprojektet Nya Karolinska Solna: Beslutsprocesserna bakom en sjukvårdsreform / [ed] Maria Grafström, Martin Qvist, Göran Sundström, Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2021, p. 26-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Fält, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Legitimizing a world-class hospital: policy mobility and narratives in megaproject planning2024In: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Megaprojects are vehicles of change and spatial products of policies from near and far. In this paper, we demonstrate how insights from the policy mobility literature can contribute to a critical analysis of the legitimization of megaprojects. Through a study of the planning of a new ‘”world-class” hospital in Stockholm, we show that ideas, experiences, and practices from abroad played a decisive role in legitimizing this megaproject. Policies mobilized from elsewhere were strategically used to construct, modify, and (re)present a legitimizing narrative centred on the aspiration of excellence and international competitiveness. This narrative emphasized the need to transform both the spatial structure and the organization of the studied welfare institution based on political and value-based rationalities. Initial international references and ideas were adopted in an unstructured and selective manner, but proved enduring throughout the extensive planning process and were eventually consolidated into a coherent concept, effectively excluding alternative development paths. The vague notion of “world-class” functioned as a ‘magic concept’ that strengthened this narrative, rendering the project difficult to criticize. In conclusion, the paper emphasizes the importance of considering the temporal dimension of planning processes alongside the relational geographies of policy-mobility in megaproject analyses.

  • 3. Gustafsson, Sara
    et al.
    Hermelin, Brita
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Integrating environmental sustainability into strategic spatial planning: the importance of management2019In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 62, no 8, p. 1321-1338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Strategic spatial planning has been suggested as a means for environmental sustainability. However, there are significant challenges with operationalising and integrating policy-driven strategic spatial planning within the standardised and process-oriented management systems of local authorities. This aspect has motivated discussions on how implementation of strategic spatial planning with a focus on environmental sustainability is conditioned by management systems. The empirical case is local planning and management practices in a local authority in Sweden. Interviews with planners, together with planning and policy documents, make up the empirical material. The analysis proposes that the integration of environmental perspectives into strategic spatial planning processes depends on (i) the overall concerns for environmental issues in local policy, and (ii) how administrative management systems can facilitate transformative practice in planning. In conclusion, this article illustrates how environmental sustainability in strategic spatial planning is formed and conditioned through interplay between local policy and administrative management procedures.

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  • 4.
    Hermelin, Brita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Knowledge Dynamics in the KIBS and medtech sectors in Stockholm2010In: Regional trajectories to the knowledge economy: Nordic-European Comparisons / [ed] Dahlström, Margareta & Sigrid Hedin, Oslo: Nordic Innovation Centre , 2010, p. 49-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Hermelin, Brita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Knowledge Dynamics in the Stockholm Region: A study of KIBS, ICT and Medtech2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report discusses aspects of the transformation of the economy in the wake of thedevelopment of information and communication technology (ICT) using a case study ofStockholm. This study is conducted as a part of a Nordic research project titled ‘RegionalTrajectories to the Knowledge Economy—Nordic-European Comparisons’ (REKENE).REKENE involves seven regional teams from Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland, witheach team made up of both researchers and practitioners.The objective of REKENE and the Stockholm case study is to identify activities and processesthat generate knowledge development and innovations. REKENE involves a conceptualframework, which particularly stresses the concepts of knowledge dynamics, of different typesof knowledge, gender aspects, multilocal networks and the processes of anchoring resources tothe region.The different regional teams in REKENE study different industrial sectors. For Stockholm, ourpoint of departure is knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) with a particular focus oncomputer services/ICT expertise and medical technicians and technologists (medtech).The report describes the development of knowledge from the point of departure from a smallfirm engaged in medtech. This description illustrates how interactions between sectors andknowledge domains are distinctive for KIBS, wherein firms work closely with their clients andusually adopt the roles of co-creators and co-producers. Important developments are thengenerated through composite knowledge whereby policies may facilitate the integration of arange of competencies, skills and experiences in networks. Indeed, it is difficult to discern anyouter boundary delimiting the skills that are most relevant for the development of ICTapplications. Although the establishment of strong relationships among local actors in theStockholm region is an important resource for knowledge dynamics to be effective, widerinternational connections are needed for sustainable development.

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  • 6.
    Johannesson, Livia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Idén om att bygga framtidens sjukhus2021In: Megaprojektet Nya Karolinska Solna: Beslutsprocesserna bakom en sjukvårdsreform / [ed] Maria Grafström, Martin Qvist, Göran Sundström, Makadam Förlag, 2021, p. 102-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7. Nadin, Vincent
    et al.
    Fernández Maldonado, Ana Maria
    Zonneveld, Wil
    Stead, Dominic
    Dąbrowski, Marcin
    Piskorek, Kasia
    Sarkar, Alankrita
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Nordregio, Sweden.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Nordregio, Sweden.
    Cotella, Giancarlo
    Janin Rivolin, Umberto
    Solly, Alys
    Berisha, Erblin
    Pede, Elena
    Seardo, Bianca Maria
    Komornicki, Tomasz
    Goch, Katarzyna
    Bednarek-Szczepańska, Maria
    Degórska, Bożena
    Szejgiec-Kolenda, Barbara
    Śleszyński, Przemysław
    Lüer, Christian
    Böhme, Kai
    Nedovic-Budic, Zorica
    Williams, Brendan
    Varghese, Johanna
    Colic, Natasa
    Knaap, Gerrit
    Csák, László
    Faragó, László
    Mezei, Cecília
    Pálné Kovács, Ilona
    Pámer, Zoltán
    Reimer, Mario
    Münter, Angelika
    COMPASS – Comparative Analysis of Territorial Governance and Spatial Planning Systems in Europe: Applied Research 2016-2018: Final Report2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the COMPASS project was to provide an authoritative comparative report on changes in territorial governance and spatial planning systems in Europe from 2000 to 2016. This Final Report presents the main findings, conclusions and policy recommendations. The COMPASS project compares territorial governance and spatial planning in 32 European countries (the 28 EU member states plus four ESPON partner countries). COMPASS differs from previous studies in that the accent is not on a snapshot comparison of national systems, but on identifying trends in reforms from 2000 to 2016. It also seeks to give reasons for these changes with particular reference to EU directives and policies, and to identify good practices for the cross-fertilisation of spatial development policies with EU Cohesion Policy. The research is based on expert knowledge with reference wherever possible to authoritative sources. Experts with in-depth experience of each national system were appointed to contribute to the study. The research design involved primarily collection of data from the 32 countries through questionnaires and five in-depth case studies of the interaction of EU Cohesion Policy and other sectoral policies with spatial planning and territorial governance.

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    fulltext
  • 8.
    Qvist, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sjukhuset, staden och en vision om förändring2021In: Megaprojektet Nya Karolinska Solna: Beslutsprocesserna bakom en sjukvårdsreform / [ed] Maria Grafström, Martin Qvist, Göran Sundström, Makadam Förlag, 2021, p. 69-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Schmitt, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Det europeiska perspektivet: Spatial planning2019In: Samhällsplaneringens teori och praktik / [ed] Gunnel Forsberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 371-377Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Schmitt, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Dissolution rather than consolidation - questioning the existence of the comprehensive-integrative planning model2023In: Planning practice + research, ISSN 0269-7459, E-ISSN 1360-0583, Vol. 38, no 5, p. 678-693Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that the comprehensive-integrative planning model seems to be expedient for modernising planning systems, specifically regarding the relation between spatial planning and sectoral policies. However, contemporary, and particularly comparable studies are non-existent. Based on empirical findings from a European research project our comparative analysis explores whether spatial planning in nine countries conforms to key features of this idealised planning model. Our analysis reveals discrepancies regarding how spatial planning is positioned in relation to sectoral policies across the various countries. We argue that this planning model appears rather to be in a state of dissolution than of consolidation. 

  • 11.
    Schmitt, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ist die formelle Regionalplanung in Europa wirklich tot?2021In: Nachrichten der ARL, ISSN 1612-3905, Vol. 3/2020, p. 23-27Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Schmitt, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    On the relation between spatial planning and sectoral policy fields in Europe2024In: Spatial Planning Systems in Europe: Comparison and Trajectories / [ed] Vincent Nadin; Giancarlo Cotella; Peter Schmitt, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2024, p. 125-147Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Schmitt, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Shifting Political Conditions for Spatial Planning in the Nordic Countries2018In: Politics and Conflict in Governance and Planning: Theory and Practice / [ed] Ayda Eraydin; Klaus Frey, New York & London: Routledge, 2018, p. 133-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The political conditions for spatial planning in the Nordic countries are changing in multiple directions. This chapter investigates recent shifts and trajectories of change in spatial planning in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The focus is on the politics behind these recent shifts and the induced rescaling processes and modification of spatial planning instruments. The chapter provides at first a background on the so-called Nordic model, the different political-administrative structures in the Nordic countries and recent changes in regard to the political conditions for spatial planning. After that, we review the shifts in the spatial planning systems in the countries with a particular focus on the spatial planning instruments in the last 15 years. This is followed by a section in which we compare a number of further trajectories related to spatial planning. In the concluding discussion, we take up the post-political question in order to reflect upon to what extent we can identify signifiers towards either depoliticization or even repoliticization in regard to spatial planning in the Nordic countries.

  • 14.
    Schmitt, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Spatial Planning in Sweden: key notions, trajectories and challenges2018In: Territorio y estados: Elementos para la coordinación de las políticas De ordenación del territorio en el siglo xxi / [ed] Joaquín Farinós Dasí, Valencia: Tirant Humanidades , 2018, p. 597-620Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Schmitt, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    What is the role of spatial planning in relation to other policy areas?: A survey across 32 European countries2018In: AESOP 2018: Abstract Book, 2018, article id 649Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatial planning is often expected to coordinate other policy areas or sector policies, in particular those that have strong spatial impacts. Ideally this process of coordination shall lead to policy integration or to other forms of consensual agreements such as policy packages. Inevitably the question arises to what extent spatial planning can be considered as an autonomous policy area with specific instruments (e.g. statutory frameworks that are of visionary, strategic or regulative character) and power resources. We address this question by discussing and comparing the role of spatial planning across 32 European countries in relation to 14 other policy areas based on findings from the ESPON COMPASS study. First, the degree of integration of spatial planning is investigated within other policy areas at three different policy levels (national, sub-national and local). Secondly, the extent to which these 14 policy areas are influential in current debates on spatial planning will be compared with the year 2000. The analysis reveals a number of recurrent patterns and types of spatial planning as well as directions of change. In the end we argue that spatial planning plays a significant and for the most part even increasing role in relation to other policy areas in most of the studied countries in Europe, but at the same time we can construe a growing degree of diversification between countries, policy levels and policy areas.

  • 16.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Att lokalisera och formge ett megaprojekt: exemplet Nya Karolinska Solna i Hagastadens kluster2021In: Megaprojekt: kritiska perspektiv på storskalig infrastruktur / [ed] Gabriella Körling, Susann Baez Ullberg, Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi , 2021, p. 181-205Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Varför lokaliserades megaprojektet Nya Karolinska Solna till Hagasta- den mitt i Stockholmsregionen? Förutsättningarna för att bygga ett nytt sjukhus på denna plats var minst sagt komplexa och har i stor utsträckning påverkat planeringen och utformningen av sjukhuset samtidigt som projektet bidragit till att förändra platsen och dess omgivning. Ett megaprojekt beskrivs ofta i termer av komplexitet, ekonomisk storlek och tidsomfång men i detta kapitel analyseras lokaliseringen och formgivningen av ett megaprojekt, dess rumsliga dimensioner och bevekelsegrunder. Megaprojekt är som Flyvbjerg (2014) poängterat inte bara uppförstorade mindre projekt utan ofta extraordinära projekt med samhällsförändrande potential. De utmanar rådande samhällsstrukturer snarare än anpassar sig till dem. Ett megaprojekt är således svårt att avgränsa och att lokalisera det i tid och rum är en komplex fråga.

    Detta kapitel utgår ifrån ett utredningsuppdrag om beslutsprocesserna kring planeringen av Nya Karolinska Solna, det så kallade NKS-projektet. Detta megaprojekt syftade till att uppföra ett nytt sjukhus i den nya stadsdelen som fått namnet Hagastaden på gränsen mellan Karolinska sjukhusets område och Karolinska Institutets campus i Solna och det före detta Norra Stationsområdet i Stockholm. NKS var ett megaprojekt som inte bara handlade om att bygga ett nytt sjukhuskomplex, utan även om att omorganisera sjukvården i Stockholmsregionen. Dessutom var syftet också att främja forskning och tillväxt i regionen. Megaprojektet var en viktig del i en vision om att skapa en plats i världsklass, ett kluster för livsvetenskap integrerat i en internationellt attraktiv stadsmiljö.

  • 17.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Consumption and Property Development in the CBD2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights that urban consumption and property development are interrelated in multiple ways and that these intersections are important for city formation processes generally, but particularly apparent in CBD reconfigurations, as well as for the practices of the new global cultural economy. The real-estate sector is significantly dependent upon global linkages but also much entangled with local institutions and other actors such as retail firms. The public sector still play an important role in the CBD encouraging particular projects based on a certain type of politics. A global urban politics where the built environment and representations of the city are seen as essential for attracting investments and putting the city on the global map, thus much dependent on property development and the real estate sector, and underpinned by assumptions of interurban competitiveness and specific forms of urban consumption. These different types of intersections and relations are explored through examples from Stockholm, but in a global perspective with Sydney as a particular referent. The paper argues firstly that new spatial configurations of consumer service spaces emerging in and around CBDs are especially important intersections, critical for both local urban development and the global economy as well as for social everyday life in the city. Secondly, that in order to appreciate the value of these spaces it is necessary to populate city formation processes and global urban politics with people and things, i.e. with producers and consumers of the spaces and the service practices and the product transactions constituting them.

  • 18.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Consumption Through a City Quarter: Changes and Continuities2009In: Cultural Quarters and Urban Transformation: International Perspectivies / [ed] Mattias Legnér and Davide Ponzini, Klintehamn: Gotlandia förlag , 2009, p. 280-303Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    De informella nätverkens återinträde i regionalpolitiken2010In: Nätverk och skuggstrukturer i regionalpolitiken / [ed] Gunnel Forsberg & Gerd Lindgren, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2010, p. 25-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Fashioning Places : Spatial Practices of Shopping and Retailing2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Shopping spaces and consumption places are continuously formed and reformed. The objective with this paper is to outline a time-spatial framework and conceptualisation of how places for shopping are continuously fashioned and refashioned. It draws on and integrates theories on commercial cultures, the production of space and the becoming of places. Stores and other shopping spaces are social places that are formed and reformed through different spatial practices and representations, and in relation to their surroundings. Shopping spaces are fashioned by how retailers strategically use and dominate them but also through how consumers tactically use and appropriate them as places. In the formation of shopping places the temporal dimension is crucial and it is tentatively argued that fashion theory can provide conceptual insights into the fashioning and refashioning of places. The paper is structured into three parts. Firstly, shopping is discussed as a geographical project in relation to geographies of consumption and the cultural economy. It is argued that shopping is constrained and enabled by time and space but also that shopping is a place creating practice and that shopping is a way of being and experiencing places. Secondly, shopping as a situated project and the formation and reformation of shopping places are problematised and illustrated through concrete examples of contrasting everyday life commodities (books, coffee and clothing) and their associated places (bookstores, cafés and fashion shops). Thirdly, the spatial practices of fashion retailing with focus on embeddeness and materialities of service work as a hybrid activity is highlighted.

  • 21.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Former för regional planering2019In: Samhällsplaneringens teori och praktik / [ed] Gunnel Forsberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 276-284Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Fysisk samhällsplanering på lokal nivå: bebyggelse och markanvändning2022In: Lokalt beslutsfattande / [ed] Niklas Bolin; Sara Nyhlén; Pär M. Olausson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, 2, p. 203-228Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hotel spaces: Urban and economic geographical perspectivies on hotels and hotel development2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 24.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hotels in the city and cities in the hotel: production of consumption spaces and urban life2012In: Hotel spaces: urban and economic geographical perspectives on hotels and hotel developments / [ed] Lukas Smas, Stockholm: Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University , 2012, p. 73-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Konsumtion, det urbana livet och stadens morfologi: Transaktioner ur ett tidsrumsligt perspektiv2005Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Urban consumption is both created and recreated by everyday urban life and the morphological structure of the city. Consumption is here conceived of as a drama, where a distinction can be made between consumption as a societal phenomenon and consumption as an everyday life project, which unfolds upon the city stage. The thesis analyses this mutually interdependent relationship by focusing on transactions of commodity goods and services in time and space. This is conducted through a theoretical analysis of the relationships between consumers, products and producers, in which the role of material and immaterial restrictions and institutions are emphasised. Hägerstrand’s time-geography and Lefebvre’s theory of socio-spatial dialectics are in the thesis used for the development of a time-space perspective in which moments of transactions are abstracted from transaction situations. The relationships of transactions are illustrated within their time-space context with concrete examples from Stockholm City.

  • 26.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Review of Stockholm: The Making of a Metropolis by Thomas Hall with contribution by Martin Rörby, 20092010In: Planning Perspectives, ISSN 0266-5433, E-ISSN 1466-4518, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 541-543Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Shopping - ett geografiskt projekt2008In: Geografiska notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, no 4, p. 215-222Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sjukhuset, regionen och staden: planeringens komplexitet och rumsliga rationaliteter2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nya Karolinska sjukhuset i Solna (NKS) har varit ett omfattande samhällsplaneringsprojekt. Det har handlat om att bygga ett nytt sjukhus i världsklass och om att reformera sjukvården i regionen – en ny byggnad för en ny organisation. Det urbana sjukhuset har även varit en viktig komponent i stadsutvecklingsprojektet Hagastaden och i utvecklingen av ett regionalt kluster i världsklass. För att förstå ett megaprojekt som NKS är det viktigt att sätta in det i ett vidare samhälleligt sammanhang men också i den lokala och regionala kontext det är sprunget ur. Denna här rapporten redovisar resultat från en rumslig analys av detta samhällsplaneringsprojekt. I analysen har fokus varit dels på kontextens betydelse, dels på de olika typer av rumsliga föreställningar och fysiska åtgärder som har underbyggt planeringen av NKS och stadsdelen Hagastaden.

  • 29.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Changing Production of Consumer Service Spaces2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that it is important to recognise the changing production of service spaces, against the background of increased possibilities for social, economical and physical mobility, because it poses new challenges for urban policy making, entrepreneurialism and everyday urban life. The fluidity and flexibility of people, products and information have resulted in paradoxical processes of both concentration and dispersal spatially, and changed the formation process of cities in general and service spaces in particular. There are different types of service spaces but one of vast significance in the contemporary service economy and in a society characterised by urbanisation, neoliberalisation and globalisation, is the consumption nexus. The focus here is therefor on transactions of commodities from producer to consumer, which, to put the commodity transactions in a wider spatial and temporal context, can be described as a pocket of local order. And also on how these ordered place-based juxtapositions of actors and processes are produced in a dialectical relationship between spatial practices, representations of space and representational spaces. Drawing on a case study of the reconfiguration of Hötorgshusen in Stockholm CBD this paper shows the interwoven multi-scalar power relations and the diversity of actors and processes, involved in the production of consumer service spaces. Producers (both local entrepreneurs and global corporations), consumers (downtown office workers as well as visitors from near and far) as well as private and public institutions are vital actors, and commodities important actants, in the reconfiguration of places for commodity transactions.

  • 30.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Transaction Spaces: Consumption Configurations and City Formation2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumption forms and is formed by the city. How, when and where commodities are transacted is essential in this urban drama of mutual relationships. This thesis explores how consumption and everyday life in cities are interrelated. The specific objective is to analyse how commodity transaction situations are configured and constrained in time and space, and, how consumer service spaces are formed in and are part of city formation. Transactions are conceptualised as economically and socially situated material projects constituted by consumers, commodities and producers. Commodities and values are transferred and created through transaction spaces. The theoretical perspective is framed around consumption and production of spaces, and particularly informed by Hägerstrand’s time-geographical thinking and Lefebvre’s work on urban space. Methodologically different examples of consumption projects and spaces are used to discuss configurations and formations for commodity transactions.

    The thesis stresses material and time-spatial constraints for commodity transaction and it discusses the blurring of boundaries between what conventionally has been separate social and economic activities and places. Changing transaction configurations and the formation of consumer service spaces in the city are explored through analysis of different consumption places and commodities such as books, coffee and clothes and property development projects in Stockholm city centre. Transaction configurations display geographical and historical continuities and changes as well as time-spatial flexibility and spatial fixity. Transactions spaces are continuously formed and reformed through processes embedded in the global cultural economy, urban development and politics, as well as through people’s everyday life. Producers’ strategic production and consumers’ tactical appropriation of transactions spaces are accentuated as crucial in the spatial practice of transactions, places and city formation.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 31.
    Smas, Lukas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Fält, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Idén om ett sjukhus i världsklass2021In: Megaprojektet Nya Karolinska Solna: Beslutsprocesserna bakom en sjukvårdsreform / [ed] Maria Grafström, Martin Qvist, Göran Sundström, Makadam Förlag, 2021, p. 86-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 32.
    Smas, Lukas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hermelin, Brita
    Wänström, Johan
    Att skapa regioner och organiseraför regional utveckling2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Smas, Lukas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Lidmo, Johannes
    Organising regions: spatial planning and territorial governance practices in two Swedish regions2018In: Europa XXI, ISSN 1429-7132, Vol. 35, p. 21-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In some European countries, sub-national regions are important geographical arenas for spa- tial planning. However, in Sweden, statutory regional planning is rather limited and the regional level is often described as having a weak position in the spatial planning system. In this article, we investigate territorial governance practices in two Swedish regions, with a focus on their interaction with the EU and the national level, and with the local level, as well as how these regions function as organisations and arenas for coordination of different policy fields. The study is based on semi-structured expert inter- views and document analysis. The results show that spatial planning is practised both through statutory planning and soft planning approaches, and that these practices in different ways coordinate sectoral policies i.e. transport infrastructure and regional development. Both cases also illustrate difficulties not only of external coordination between different institutions and policy fields but also internally within or- ganisations. It is also highlighted that spatial planning at the regional level focuses on coordinating actors and policy fields but that spatial planning is also an instrument to implement regional policies. In con- clusion, it is argued that the organisation and territorial governance practices within a given institutional arrangement and the perception of spatial planning are crucial in determining how regions might function as multi-level coordination actors and policy arenas within spatial planning.

  • 34.
    Smas, Lukas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Nordregio, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Nordregio, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brave new ‘mega-regional worlds’? Critical reflections from a North European perspective2015In: Megaregions: Globalization’s new urban form? / [ed] John Harrison, Michael Hoyler, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 146-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How can the established concept of ‘Norden’ – which covers the Northern European countries of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden – be understood in a brave new world of megaregions? The significance of Norden, which literary means ‘the North’, is often acknowledged to be a ‘stabilised’ transnational (mega) region (Gustafsson, 2006). This is due, in part, to the Nordic countries sharing a number of cultural and historical commonalities, somewhat similar political trajectories through the 20th century and a well-known welfare state tradition. Yet, on closer inspection, we have seen in recent years various diverging development paths in territorial policy and politics in general, and urban and regional planning in particular. Furthermore, when adopting a relational perspective, we can detect how a number of Nordic city-regions are being formed and transformed – through transnational (business) networks and various related state spatial strategies – with the aim being to strategically place them as nodes within the global space of flows. What this amounts to is a more fluid geographical image of Norden. Against this backdrop the concept of Norden is an interesting example of how (mega) regions are being constructed through particular sets of relations, processes and mechanisms, while at the same time being challenged and deconstructed by other sets of relations, processes and mechanisms. In this chapter, we seek to problematize these happenings, providing critical reflections from a North European perspective. The research presented derives from a range of studies and observations produced by Nordregio – The Nordic Centre for Spatial Development.

  • 35.
    Smas, Lukas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    On the diversity of spatial planning instruments across Europe2024In: Spatial Planning Systems in Europe: Comparison and Trajectories / [ed] Vincent Nadin; Giancarlo Cotella; Peter Schmitt, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2024, p. 107-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatial planning instruments are fundamental for the operation of spatial planning systems. In the ESPON COMPASS project over 250 spatial planning instruments at different policy levels in 32 European countries were identified. In this chapter we compare and review these planning instruments that are used to mediate competition over the use of land, to allocate rights of development, to regulate change and to promote preferred spatial and urban form. The comparative analysis highlights that there are various types of spatial planning instruments at different policy levels many of which have multiple characteristics, that is, they are expected to have multiple functions in relation to spatial development and territorial governance practices. However, there is a significant consistency in how planning systems are hierarchically structured around spatial planning instruments and how these systems are based on rational ideals. Furthermore, the results indicates that there is a clear direction towards more strategic forms of spatial planning, also among statuary planning instruments. In conclusion, our survey reveals that spatial planning instruments are expected to serve as multi-purpose tools that simultaneously provide strategic frameworks and regulate spatial development whilst they have become less visionary.

  • 36.
    Smas, Lukas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Planeringssystem i Norden: likheter och skillnader2019In: Samhällsplaneringens teori och praktik / [ed] Gunnel Forsberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 362-370Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Smas, Lukas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Positioning regional planning across Europe2021In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 55, no 5, p. 778-790Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many scholars argue that regional planning has lost its political significance and practical relevance in recent years. Based on a comparative analysis of formal regional planning in eight European countries, this study questions and nuances this view. It is concluded that the institutional conditions for regional planning are still extensive and have been adapted to changing contexts since the year 2000, but along different pathways across the analysed countries. The investigation highlights that multiple forms of planning regions have been incorporated in the planning systems through multipurpose planning instruments that have further added to the existing dynamic and diversified regional planning landscape across Europe.

  • 38.
    Smas, Lukas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Positioning Regional Planning across Europe2019In: Abstract Book 2019 RSA Annual Conference: Pushing Regions beyond their Borders / [ed] Lesa Reynolds, 2019, p. 180-180Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Across Europe the regional policy level is difficult to capture analytically, due to the prevailing differences in terms of institutional settings and political contexts, geographic size and scope of regions. Regional planning is not an exception as it is institutionalized differently across Europe and its practical significance varies in regard to mediating competition over the use of land, regulating change and promoting preferred spatial and urban form. In general, the regional level is often considered as an appropriate scale for addressing current challenges in relation to sustainable development; and regional planning as such is appreciated as a sub-national mode of horizontal and vertical coordination to integrate various policy fields. However, the institutional context of regional planning has changed significantly in recent years, which has resulted in weakening its political significance and practical relevance. In this paper, we question and nuance these seemingly diverging theoretical and practical views on the position of regional planning through a comparative analysis of regional planning across Europe. Drawing upon results from the ESPON COMPASS (2018) project, we investigate i) shifts in the distribution of spatial planning competences; ii) changes in regard to regional planning instruments, and iii) the role of regional planning within sectoral policies. We conclude that the institutional and instrumental conditions for regional planning across Europe are extensive and to some extent have been renewed and adapted to changing contexts in recent years. In principal regional planning seems to be well positioned to mediate the use of land and to regulate spatial development. However, the role of regional planning is differently positioned in each country in relation to various sectoral policies and the way statutory instruments are produced and applied. Due to diverging trajectories of regional planning our comparative analysis indicates only minor congruence with earlier classifications of spatial planning traditions across Europe.

  • 39.
    Smas, Lukas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Region + planering = regionplanering – en komplicerad ekvation2022In: Regioner och regional utveckling i en föränderlig tid / [ed] ida Grundel, Stockholm: Svenska Sällskapet för antropologi och Geografi , 2022, p. 43-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta kapitel undersöker vi regional planering som generell företeelse och den svenska regionala planeringens besynnerligheter. Med utgångspunkt i detta är syftet med kapitlet att klargöra varför regional planering är en så komplicerad ekvation i Sverige idag.

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    Regional planering
  • 40.
    Smas, Lukas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Re-thinking and reviewing European spatial planning systems through spatial planning instruments: A comparative study of 32 countries2018In: AESOP 2018: Abstract Book, 2018, article id 627Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Plans and other planning instruments that are used to mediate and regulate spatial development are fundamental for the operation of spatial planning systems, and for defining them, as well as pursing spatial planning objectives. This paper is based on an extensive comparative study of spatial planning systems in Europe (ESPON COMPASS), which included a review of spatial planning instruments that are used to mediate competition over the use of land, to allocate rights of development, to regulate change and to promote preferred spatial and urban form. Over 250 spatial planning instruments in 32 different European countries were identified by national experts. The results show a diverse pattern with strong differences in regard to the instruments' characteristics (e.g. visionary, strategic, framework or regulative) at different policy levels (national, regional and local) even between countries that have been grouped together within similar types or traditions in earlier studies. Furthermore, many individual planning instruments are often expected to combine several functions, e.g. they are expected to simultaneously be, in different combinations; visionary and agenda setting, providing strategic and long-term coordination, establishing policy frameworks for other plans and decisions, and/or be regulatory including legally binding land use commitments. Many planning instruments might thus be understood as 'multi-purpose tools'. Based on this review and analysis we offer empirically derived typologies and conceptualizations of spatial planning instruments that provide a different image of spatial planning systems across Europe compared to earlier studies, and as such gives insights in what directions spatial planning in Europe is moving.

  • 41. Tunström, Moa
    et al.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Nordregio, Sverige .
    Spänningar på ett fält: stadsplaneringens diskurs och praktik på gränsen mellan innerstad och förort2017In: Urban utveckling och interaktion / [ed] Thomas Borén, Stockholm: Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi , 2017, p. 145-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
1 - 41 of 41
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