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  • 1.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. The Nordic Africa Institute, Sweden.
    Deadly elections: post-election violence in Nigeria2018In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 143-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two decades after the third wave of democratization', extensive violence continues to follow elections in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas national processes connected to pre-election violence have received increased scholarly attention, little is known of local dynamics of violence after elections. This article examines the 2011 Nigerian post-election violence with regard to the ways in which national electoral processes interweave with local social and political disputes. The most affected state, Kaduna State, has a history of violent local relations connected to which group should control politics and the state. It is argued that electoral polarisation aggravated national ethno-religious divisions that corresponded to the dividing line of the conflict in Kaduna. A rapid escalation of violence was facilitated by local social networks nurtured by ethno-religious grievances.

  • 2.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Sverige .
    I skuggan av Boko Haram: Nigeria går till val2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Placing Conflict: Religion and politics in Kaduna State, Nigeria2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Decentralisation and federalism are often said to mitigate conflict by better meeting the preferences of a heterogeneous population and demands for limited autonomy. But it is argued in this thesis that this perspective does not sufficiently address the ways in which conflict-ridden relations entangle processes across different scales ‒ local, regional as well as national. The aim of this thesis is to explain how it is that while decentralisation may contribute to national stability, it may simultaneously generate local conflict. This problem is analysed through a conflict in Kaduna State in north-central Nigeria where there have been outbreaks of violence between Hausa-Fulani Muslims and Christians of different ethnicities since the 1980s. Christian ethnic groups claim to be excluded from state benefits, while Muslim groups claim that Christians have undue influence over the state bureaucracy. The conflict feeds off ethnic and religious mobilisation. Expanded local political space further fuelled the conflict following the decentralisation that came with the shift from military to civilian rule in 1999. Decentralisation in Nigeria implies that the authorities should be associated with the majority ethnicity or religion in a specific territory. A localisation of politics accordingly raises the stakes in identity-based conflicts, especially as control of local institutions is necessary for inclusion in wider political processes. In Kaduna, this has led to demands for separating the state on a religious and ethnic basis. Actors make use of “scalar politics” to conform to or challenge boundaries set by the state. Social relations are associated with different boundaries.  Accordingly, decentralisation triggers conflicts on an identity basis, involving contestation over the hierarchy of scales. While national struggles between ethnic and religious groups may be subdued, conflicts play out locally as decentralisation in Nigeria makes religion and ethnicity a powerful tool for political mobilisation.

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  • 4.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Political decentralisation and conflict: The Sharia crisis in Kaduna, Nigeria2011In: Journal for Contemporary African Studies, ISSN 0258-9001, E-ISSN 1469-9397, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 15-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When states in northern Nigeria started processes for implementing Sharia laws in 1999, it triggered sentiments all over the country. In Kaduna State, the proposal led to demonstrations and violent clashes. The article examines the ways in which different scales of politics are mutually constituted in the Sharia case and how the Sharia proposal subsequently resulted in clashes in Kaduna. It is argued that the Sharia initiative, even though it started as a sub-national question, was connected to a national power contestation. However, the federal government remained passive and diverted the issue to local political space. In Kaduna, the issue took dimensions that incurred with apprehensive local political contention that made it escalate into violence and polarising people according to religion. An analysis of the crisis in Kaduna is offered that does not regard the conflict as locally confined, but as inherently related to wider political and historical processes.

  • 5.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Religion, ethnicity and citizenship: demands for territorial self-determination in southern Kaduna, Nigeria2015In: Journal for Contemporary African Studies, ISSN 0258-9001, E-ISSN 1469-9397, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 232-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the ‘politics of scale’ of how identity is linked to territory in the quest for self-determination by actors on the Christian side of the ethno-religious conflict in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Ethnic and political relations are framed with reference to scale, such as ‘the local’ and ‘the regional’, in ways that support claims for territorial control on an ethnic and religious basis. The experience of lack of access to the state is seen to be grounded in community identities. Furthermore, the state relates to citizens through religious and neo-customary authorities as a way to localise authority. This is connected to an idea that neo-customary institutions represent ‘the local’. It is argued in this article that these institutions are just as entangled in various constructions of scale as the state.

  • 6.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Struggles over identity and territory: Regional identities in ethno-religious conflict in Kaduna State, NigeriaManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. The Nordic Africa Institute, Sweden.
    Struggles over Identity and Territory: Regional Identities in Ethnoreligious Conflict in Northern Nigeria2016In: Nationalism & Ethnic Politics, ISSN 1353-7113, E-ISSN 1557-2986, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 172-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how ethnoreligious conflict over boundaries and territoriality involves a politics of scale, that is, how positions and demands are framed by actors according to, for instance, local, regional, and national scales. The analysis focuses on how Muslim actors in a conflict in Kaduna State in Nigeria frame a regional, northern Nigerian identity that varies in content and form depending on the scalar context in which communal conflict is placed with regional and national politics yielding different identifications.

  • 8.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lindström, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    de la Torre-Castro, Maricela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
    What is this thing called 'community' good for?2011In: World Small-Scale Fisheries: Contemporary Visions / [ed] Ratana Chuengpagdee, Delft: Eburon Academic Publishers, 2011, p. 353-366Chapter in book (Refereed)
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