Change search
Refine search result
1 - 1 of 1
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Hultberg, Ralf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Vedergällningstanken: Två idéhistoriska studier2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is about retribution, often exemplified by Jus talionis, the rule in Exodus 21:23-25. Retribution was the undisputed guiding principle of punishment until the 18th century when it was challenged, first and foremost by Cesare Beccaria and Voltaire. Today divine retribution plays a vital role in the Jewish and Christian faiths and [non-divine] retribution still has a position in punishment philosophy, although most philosophers have replaced it with utilitarian theories.

    The thesis comprises two quite different studies on retribution. The first one deals with the concept of retribution in Swedish philosophical writing during the former part of the 19th century and the heated discussions about a new Swedish penal law in the 1860s. The two leading 19th century Swedish philosophers were C. J. Boström and his predecessor Samuel Grubbe. The latter advocated retribution and was an adherent of the death penalty. Boström, on the other hand, accepted only his own punishment theory, which he regarded as a theory of protection of the state. However, in the debate about the new penal law divine retribution and Boström’s philosophy were referred to by the proponents of capital punishment.

    The second study is about a unique moral theory put forward by the Finnish philosopher and anthropologist Edward Westermarck. In a work on the origin and development of the moral ideas he applied a two-pronged approach. He attempted to prove that all morals originate from retributive emotions and he also delineated man’s moral history from early society to modern times. Westermarck demonstrated his theses with the support of religious and legal sources spanning from ancient times to his own lifetime together with all sorts of anthropologically relevant information on primitive societies existing in the 19th century. Today Westermarck’s moral theory is dead but many of the questions about moral and customs that he raised are still philosophically and politically relevant.

1 - 1 of 1
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf