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  • 1.
    Green, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Agrarian change and commercialisation in colonial Malawi2005In: South African Journal of Economic History, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 18-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Green, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Diversification or De-Agrarianization?: Income Diversification, Labor, and Processes of Agrarian Change in Southern and Northern Malawi, Mid-1930s to Mid-1950s2008In: Agricultural History, Vol. 82, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the links between market-oriented activities and subsistence production among peasant farmers in the Thyolo and Mzimba districts in Malawi, from the mid-1930s to the mid-1950s. The two districts were chosen because of their differences in terms of land-labor ratios, quality of soils, and structure of market engagement. Exploring the different paths of agrarian change in these two districts demonstrates that they were dependent on the structure of market engagement and its effects on the supply and flexibility of labor. African agricultural history is best understood when agricultural systems are viewed in connection to the overall economic activities of rural households. More simply put, the dynamics of agrarian change in rural Africa cannot be understood without linking such changes to the wider economy and their impact on local labor processes.

  • 3.
    Green, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Modern Agricultural History in Malaw: Perspectives on Policy Choices2007In: African Studies Review, Vol. 50, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development research is often associated with issues of policy. Researchers aim to increase our contextual and theoretical knowledge to enhance the creation of “good” development policies. One way of doing this is to identify and learn from harmful policies of the past. The objective of this article is to examine such policy-choice explanations by looking at the dominant understandings of the modern history of agriculture in Malawi. The perspectives share the view that the high level of rural poverty is, to a great extent, an outcome of the agricultural policies implemented by the colonial and postcolonial governments. Of crucial importance are the mechanisms whereby the state actively tried to transfer resources from the smallholder sector to the state or to the estate sector. This had a negative impact on the production capacity of the smallholder sector. This article notes that the focus on policies alone is not a sufficient approach to understand the dynamics and limitations of the smallholder sector. The article also points to some methodological weaknesses with policy-choice explanations that are relevant for development research in general.

  • 4.
    Green, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Recension av Land, Labour and Capital in Ghana – From Slavery to Free Labour in Asante, 1807-1956 (Gareth Austin)2007In: Historisk Tidskrift, no 2Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Green, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    State-led Agricultural Intensification and Labour Relations: The Case of Lilongwe Land Development Program in Malawi, 1968-19812010In: International Review of Social History, ISSN 0020-8590, E-ISSN 1469-512X, ISSN 0020-8590, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 413-446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with cash crop production and its impact on labour relations in postcolonial African peasant agriculture. The focus is on the Lilongwe Land Development Programme (1968–1981) in Malawi. The aim of the programme was to enable African farmers to increase yields and make them shift from the cultivation of tobacco and local maize to groundnuts and high-yielding varieties of maize. The programme failed to meet its goals, because of contradictory forces set in motion by the programme itself. The LLDP enabled a larger segment of farmers to engage in commercial agriculture, which caused a decline in supplies of local labourers ready to be employed on a casual or permanent basis. Increased commercial production was thus accompanied by a de-commercialization of labour relations, which hampered the scope for better-off farmers to increase yields by employing additional labourers. By using both written and oral sources, this article thus provides an empirical case that questions the conventional view that increased cash-crop production in twentieth-century rural Africa was accompanied by a commercialization of labour relations. It concludes that the history of rural labour relations cannot be grasped by simple linear models of historical change, but requires an understanding of local contexts, with a focus on farming systems and factors that determine the local supply of and demand for labour.

     

  • 6.
    Green, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Chiwona-Karltun, Linley
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Jordbrukskriser i Afrika går att undvika2006In: Omvärlden, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Green, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Jonsson, Ulf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    EU:s jordbrukspolitik och global fattigdomsbekämpning2007In: Internationella Studier no. 1, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
1 - 7 of 7
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