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  • 1.
    Reinhed, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Orbán, Andrea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Rosén, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Thomas, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Kashperka, Iryna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Misra, Deepankar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Fardi, Afshin
    Brännholm, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Björkhage, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Cederquist, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Schmidt, Henning
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Cryogenic keV ion-beam storage in ConeTrap - a tool for ion-temperature control2010In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 621, no 1-3, p. 83-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have tested the ion-storage capabilities of the compact triple-electrode electrostatic ion-beam trap, ConeTrap, down to cryogenic temperatures. The low-temperature operation of this electrostatic storage device is an important test for the double electrostatic ion-ring experiment, DESIREE, which is presently under construction at Stockholm University. In the present work we measured the pressure dependent storage lifetimes of 2.5 keV He+ and 2.8 keV Ar+ ion beams in ConeTrap at temperatures down to 28 K and pressures down to 1.3·10-10 mbar. The so far longest measured ion storage lifetime using this system is 21.5±3.8 s for Ar+ ions. The present combination of ConeTrap and the cryogenic experimental chamber was recently applied in the first black-body correction-free measurement of the lifetime of the metastable He- ion at 10 K [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213002(2009)].

  • 2.
    Reinhed, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Orbán, Andrea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Werner, Josefina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Rosén, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Thomas, Richard D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Kashperka, Iryna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Johansson, Henrik A. B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Misra, Deepankar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Brännholm, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory.
    Björkhage, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory.
    Cederquist, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Schmidt, Henning T.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Precision lifetime measurements of He- in a cryogenic electrostatic ion-beam trap2009In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 103, no 21, p. 213002-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have developed a small purely electrostatic ion-beam trap which may be operated in thermal equilibrium at precisely controlled temperatures down to 10 K. Thus, we avoid magnetic field induced mixing of quantum states and may effectively eliminate any influence from absorption of photons from black-body radiation. We report the first correction free measurements of the lifetimes of the 1s2s2p 4PoJ state of 4He- and the high precision result 359.0±0.7 μs for the J=5/2 level. The lifetimes for the J=3/2 and J=1/2 levels are determined to be 12.3±0.5 and 7.8±1.0 μs, respectively.

  • 3.
    Rosén, Stefan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Schmidt, Henning
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Reinhed, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Fischer, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Thomas, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Cederquist, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Liljeby, Leif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Bagge, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Leontein, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Blom, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Operating a triple stack microchannel plate-phosphor assembly for single particle counting in the 12-300 K temperature range2007In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 78, no 11, p. 113301-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An assembly consisting of a stack of three microchannel plates (MCPs) and a phosphor screen anode has been operated over the temperature range from 300 to 12 K. We report on measurements at 6.4 kHz (using an alpha source) and with dark counts only (15 Hz). Without any particle source,  the MCP bias current decreased by a factor of 2.1×103 when the temperature was lowered from 300 to 12 K. Using the alpha source, and a photomultiplier tube (PMT) to monitor the phosphor screen anode, we first observed an increase in the decay time of the phosphor from 12 to 45 μs when the temperature was decreased from 300 to 100 K while the decay time then decreased and reached a value of 5 μs at 12 K. The pulse height distribution from the PMT was measured between300 and 12 K and shows a spectrum typical for a MCP phosphor setup at 300 K and 12 K but is strongly degraded for intermediate temperatures. We conclude that the present MCP-phosphor detector assembly is well suited for position-sensitive particle counting operation at temperatures down to at least 12 K even for count rates beyond 6 kHz. This result is crucial and an important part of ongoing developments of new instrumentation for investigations of, e.g., interactions involving complex molecular ions with internal quantum state control.

  • 4.
    Schmidt, Henning T.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Thomas, Richard D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Gatchell, Michael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Rosén, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Reinhed, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Löfgren, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Brännholm, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Blom, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Björkhage, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Bäckström, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Alexander, John D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Leontein, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Hanstorp, D.
    Zettergren, Henning
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Liljeby, Leif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Källberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Simonsson, Ansgar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Hellberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Mannervik, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Larsson, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Geppert, Wolf D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Rensfelt, Karl-Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Danared, Håkan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Paal, A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Masuda, Masaharu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Hallden, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Andler, Guillermo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Stockett, Mark H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Chen, Tao
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Källersjö, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Weimer, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Hansen, K.
    Hartman, H.
    Cederquist, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    First storage of ion beams in the Double Electrostatic Ion-Ring Experiment: DESIREE2013In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 84, no 5, p. 055115-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on the first storage of ion beams in the Double ElectroStatic Ion Ring ExpEriment, DESIREE, at Stockholm University. We have produced beams of atomic carbon anions and small carbon anion molecules (C-n(-), n = 1, 2, 3, 4) in a sputter ion source. The ion beams were accelerated to 10 keV kinetic energy and stored in an electrostatic ion storage ring enclosed in a vacuum chamber at 13 K. For 10 keV C-2(-) molecular anions we measure the residual-gas limited beam storage lifetime to be 448 s +/- 18 s with two independent detector systems. Using the measured storage lifetimes we estimate that the residual gas pressure is in the 10(-14) mbar range. When high current ion beams are injected, the number of stored particles does not follow a single exponential decay law as would be expected for stored particles lost solely due to electron detachment in collision with the residual-gas. Instead, we observe a faster initial decay rate, which we ascribe to the effect of the space charge of the ion beam on the storage capacity.

  • 5.
    Schmidt, Henning
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Thomas, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Geppert, Wolf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Haag, Nicole
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Reinhed, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Rosén, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Larsson, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Danared, Håkan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Rensfelt, K.-G
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Liljeby, Leif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Bagge, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Björkhage, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Blom, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Löfgren, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Källberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Simonsson, Ansgar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Paál, Andras
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory .
    Zettergren, Henning
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Cederquist, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    DESIREE as a new tool for interstellar ion chemistry2008In: International Journal of Astrobiology, ISSN 1473-5504, E-ISSN 1475-3006, Vol. 7, no 3-4, p. 205-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel cryogenic electrostatic storage device consisting of two ion-beam storage rings with a common straight section for studies of interactions between oppositely charged ions at low and well-defined relative velocities is under construction at Stockholm University. Here we consider the prospect of using this new tool to measure cross-sections and rate coefficients for mutual neutralization reactions of importance in interstellar ion chemistry in general and specifically in cosmic pre-biotic ion chemistry.

  • 6.
    Thomas, Richard D.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Schmidt, Henning T.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Andler, Guillermo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Björkhage, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Blom, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Brännholm, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Bäckstrom, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Danared, Håkan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Das, Susanta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Haag, Nicole
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Halldén, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Hellberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Holm, Anne I. S.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Johansson, H. A. B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Källberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Källersjö, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Larsson, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Leontein, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Liljeby, Leif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Löfgren, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Malm, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Mannervik, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Masuda, Masaharu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Misra, Deepankar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Orban, A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Paál, Andras
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Reinhed, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Rensfelt, Karl-Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Rosén, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Schmidt, K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Seitz, Fabian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Simonsson, Ansgar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Weimer, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Zettergren, Henning
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Cederquist, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    The double electrostatic ion ring experiment: A unique cryogenic electrostatic storage ring for merged ion-beams studies2011In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 82, no 6, p. 065112-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe the design of a novel type of storage device currently under construction at Stockholm University, Sweden, using purely electrostatic focussing and deflection elements, in which ion beams of opposite charges are confined under extreme high vacuum cryogenic conditions in separate rings and merged over a common straight section. The construction of this double electrostatic ion ring experiment uniquely allows for studies of interactions between cations and anions at low and well-defined internal temperatures and centre-of-mass collision energies down to about 10 K and 10 meV, respectively. Position sensitive multi-hit detector systems have been extensively tested and proven to work in cryogenic environments and these will be used to measure correlations between reaction products in, for example, electron-transfer processes. The technical advantages of using purely electrostatic ion storage devices over magnetic ones are many, but the most relevant are: electrostatic elements which are more compact and easier to construct; remanent fields, hysteresis, and eddy-currents, which are of concern in magnetic devices, are no longer relevant; and electrical fields required to control the orbit of the ions are not only much easier to create and control than the corresponding magnetic fields, they also set no upper mass limit on the ions that can be stored. These technical differences are a boon to new areas of fundamental experimental research, not only in atomic and molecular physics but also in the boundaries of these fields with chemistry and biology. For examples, studies of interactions with internally cold molecular ions will be particular useful for applications in astrophysics, while studies of solvated ionic clusters will be of relevance to aeronomy and biology.

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