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  • 1. Hertin, J.
    et al.
    Turnpenny, J.
    Nilsson, Måns
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Russel, D.
    Rationalising the policy mess?: Ex ante policy assessment and the utilisation of knowledge in the policy process2009In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 1185-1200Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Nilsson, Måns
    et al.
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Jordan, A.
    Turnpenny, J.
    Herlin, J.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Russel, D.
    The use and non-use of policy appraisal tools in public policy making: an analysis of three European countries and the European Union2008In: Policy Sciences, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 335-355Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Nilsson, Måns
    et al.
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    The practice of policy assessment in Europe: An institutional and political analysis.2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Nilsson, Måns
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Zamparutti, Tony
    Petersen, Jan Erik
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Rudberg, Peter
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    McGuinn, Jennifer
    Understanding Policy Coherence: Analytical Framework and Examples of Sector–Environment Policy Interactions in the EU2012In: Environmental Policy and Governance, ISSN 1756-932X, E-ISSN 1756-9338, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 395-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a framework for analysing policy coherence in a European Union setting through the perspective of policy interaction. Building on a simple policy-analytical approach and theories of institutional interaction, the framework develops a three-step analytical pproach, consisting of the inventory of policy objectives, the screening matrix and a more in-depth analysis of key interactions. Central to the analytical framework is the identification of synergy and conflict at three levels: policy objectives, policy instruments and implementation practices, also taking into account as far as possible outcome and impacts. The paper presents illustrative examples from EU renewable energy and cohesion policies in relation to different environmental policy areas such as biodiversity, habitats, resource efficiency and water. It finds that policies are often coherent at the level of objectives, but that associated instruments and in particular implementation practices cause concern for policy conflict in all three examples. Finally, the paper identifies emerging challenges in the application of policy coherence analysis and a need for further development of the analytical approach.

  • 5.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Does social learning lead to better governance?In: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates whether social learning among large scale farmers in  central Sweden leads to improved environmental governance. Three different framings of  social learning are first identified: as learning within established communities of practices; as  multiparty collaboration cross different communities; and as explicitly tied to desirable  outcomes. Applying the first two, the paper investigates social learning as an independent variable through semi-structured in-depth interviews. Results show that learning among farmers is inherently social, but does not necessarily improve environmental governance. Without the presence of policy or externally facilitating factors social learning is not found to explain better governance. The paper concludes that the call for social learning based on successful lessons form instrumental use, risk obscuring the fact that both social learning and better governance are often conditioned by other mitigating or enabling factors. 

  • 6.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm University, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Does Social Learning Lead to Better Natural Resource Management?: A Case Study of the Modern Farming Community of Practice in Sweden2014In: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 436-450Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates whether social learning among large-scale farmers in central Sweden leads to better natural resource management in the agricultural landscape. Three different frames of social learning are first identified: social learning as a fundamental social phenomenon, social learning as collaborative learning, and social learning as deeper learning. This article investigates the role of social learning and other factors through semistructured in-depth interviews. Results show that learning among farmers is inherently social, but that this learning does not necessarily improve natural resource management or lead to better environmental governance. The article discusses when social learning can be expected to influence natural resources management, and finds that without the presence of policy, individual leadership, or facilitation, it is not an important factor. Furthermore, the call for social learning based on results from successful instrumental application risks obscuring findings indicating that both social learning and better natural resource management are conditioned on the same external factors.

  • 7.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
    Social learning in the Anthropocene: Governance of natural resources in human dominated systems2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We live in the Anthropocene – an age where humans dominate natural systems – and there is ample evidence that our current practices degrade the capacity of natural systems to provide us with natural resources. How we, as humans, organize and learn, in communities and among state and other societal actors, constitute a decisive factor for both local management of natural resources and the functioning of the planet Earth. In other words, the outcome of learning has become a matter of governance across multiple levels. This thesis studies the role of social learning in governance of natural resources, asking the following three overarching questions: i) What are the institutional barriers limiting better environmental governance at different scales? ii) Is there a causal connection between social learning and better environmental governance? iii) What are the normative challenges with better environmental governance or social-ecological resilience being linked to the adaptive capacity of actors to learn socially? The primary method is semi-structured in-depth interviews. Papers provide results on institutional barriers such as competency traps and show how customs and current practices and collaborations limit better environmental governance. It is found that social learning might, and might not, lead to better environmental governance, and the causal connection between social learning and better environmental governance is found to be rather weak, with both variables depending on other factors. Enabling policy, a mandate to make broad assessments, or an engaged leader facilitating social learning, are examples of factors that explain the existence of both social learning and outcomes in terms of better environmental governance. It is concluded that since conditions for, and facilitation of, social learning are so important, research should focus more on what initiates social learning and how social learning can be mainstreamed across multiple levels of governance

  • 8.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Stakeholder Feedback on MATISSE Sustainable Hydrogen Scope and Visions: Findings from the February 2006 Hydrogen Stakeholder Workshop2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Nykvist, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Hahn, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Spontaneous order of adaptability: An assessment of the literature on social-ecological resilience2012In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how adaptability is conceptualized (framed) in the literature on resilience and social-ecological systems (SES). SES are sometimes analyzed as complex adaptive systems (CAS) where human responses are seen as spontaneous and self-organized adaptations by autonomous agents with no analysis of their intentions or strategies. However, in other studies of SES, intentions and conflicts are emphasized and analyzed. Research on SES furthermore tends to differ in the degree of normative connotations associated with resilience and adaptability. For these two dimensions – spontaneous vs. intentional, and descriptive vs. normative – we developed a coding scheme and analyzed the complete sample of 183 papers in the field of found in ISI web of science published before 1st of Jan 2011. The results reveal a plurality of framings. We discuss the strengths and problems with this, aiming to provide a better understanding of some of the normative challenges in research on adaptive governance, resilience, and SES. We discuss CAS and find that the problem is not the use of self-organization in relation to scales or levels of governance, e.g. that responses can emerge through leadership and stakeholder interaction at a local level without being forced by external factors. The problem is when such interaction is as assumed to be autonomous and harmonious. Finally we provide our own definition of adaptability as necessarily ecologically informed, but we do not equate adaptability with “successful responses” in order to not confuse the concept with the outcome. Evaluating outcomes is ultimately an empirical question.

  • 10.
    Nykvist, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
    Nilsson, Måns
    Are impact assessment procedures actually promoting sustainable development? Institutional perspectives on barriers and opportunities found in the Swedish committee system2009In: Environmental impact assessment review, ISSN 0195-9255, E-ISSN 1873-6432, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 15-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Impact assessment frameworks are gaining increasing attention as a procedure to integrate sustainability concerns in European and national policy-making. The gap between political visions on sustainable development and the reality of policy-making is, however, still pronounced, and a very limited range and scope of available assessment methods are used in practice. This study examines why this pattern prevails, in this case within the Swedish Committees of Inquiry, with a focus on institutional factors determining the function of Impact Assessments. The findings suggest that assessment procedures have little value when not accompanied by clear specific instructions on priorities. A range of institutional constraints emerge in the interface between policy makers and knowledge providers in committees. Dominant professional, organisational, and disciplinary cultures constrain the assessment, and socio-economic priorities are by tradition most important. Based on our analysis, we conclude that to enhance the potential for integrating sustainability concerns, it seems less fruitful to develop more advanced and complex assessment frameworks and models than strengthening institutional arenas for social learning. Such arenas should be; defined by a broad mandate and instructions, characterised by key personal skills and resources, and build institutional capacity for a range of stakeholders to engage with them.

  • 11.
    Nykvist, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm University, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    von Heland, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Social-ecological memory as a source of general and specified resilience2014In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 47-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explored why social-ecological memory (SEM) is a source of inertia and path dependence, as well as a source of renewal and reorganization in social-ecological systems (SESs). We have presented two case studies: the historical case of the Norse settlement on Greenland and an empirical case from contemporary southern Madagascar. The cases illustrate how SEM is linked to specific pathways of development and a particular set of natural resource management practices. We have shown that in each case, a broader diversity of SEM is present in the SESs, but not drawn upon. Instead, SEMs are part of what explains community coherence and the barriers to adoption of more diverse practices. We have elaborated on how specific SEMs are linked to specified resilience, and we have shown that this fits existing notions of resilience, robustness, inertia, and path dependence. We have proposed that to change the dynamics of development pathways that do not produce desired results, it is necessary for managers to shift from specific to general SEM, which would also mirror the shift from specified to general resilience. The challenge lies in the interplay between the specified and the general. In this critical work, it is important to recognize that the valued diversity of SEM necessary for general resilience might actually reside in a different community.

  • 12.
    Nykvist, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Whitmarsh, L.
    A multi-level analysis of sustainable mobility transitions: niche development in the UK and Sweden2008In: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 75, no 9, p. 1373-1387Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Nykvist, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Whitmarsh, L.
    Identifying opportunities and pathways for transitions to sustainable transport in Sweden and the UK2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Rockström, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Steffen, Will
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Noone, Kevin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM).
    Persson, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Folke, Carl
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    de Wit, Cynthia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM).
    Rodhe, Henning
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Constanza, Robert
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Svedin, Uno
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Falkenmark, Malin
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Karlberg, Louise
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Walker, Brian
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    A safe operating space for humanity2009In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 461, no 24 Sept, p. 472-475Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15. Turnpenny, J.
    et al.
    Nilsson, Måns
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Russel, D.
    Jordan, A.
    Hertin, J.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Why is integrating policy assessment so hard?: A comparative analysis of the institutional capacities and constraints2008In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol. 51, no 6, p. 759-775Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Varnäs, Annika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Fahnestock, Jesse
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Chandler, Chelsea
    Erickson, Peter
    Nilsson, Måns
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Han, Guoyi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Lazarus, Michael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Hallding, Karl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Driving technological innovation for a low-carbon society: case studies for solar photovoltaics and carbon capture and storage2012Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    von Heland, Jacob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Social-ecological memories as a source of general and specific resilience2012In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18. Wennberg, K.
    et al.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    The psychology of economic forecasting.2007In: Global Business and Economics Review, ISSN 1097-4954, Vol. 9, no 2/3, p. 211-266Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19. Whitmarsh, L.
    et al.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Beyond the regime: barriers to and opportunities for integrated sustainability policy assessment2008In: 2008 Berlin Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change / International Conference of the Social-Ecological Research: Berlin, 22-23 February 2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20. Whitmarsh, L.
    et al.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Integrated Sustainability Assessment of mobility transitions: simulating stakeholders' visions of and pathways to sustainable land-based mobility2008In: International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, Vol. 3, no 1/2, p. 115-127Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 20 of 20
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