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  • 1.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Conclusions2012Inngår i: Societal entrepreneurship: positioning, penetrating, promoting / [ed] Karin Berglund, Bengt Johannisson, Birgitta Schwartz, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, s. 259-277Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Preface2012Inngår i: Societal entrepreneurship: positioning, penetrating, promoting / [ed] Karin Berglund, Bengt Johannisson, Birgitta Schwartz, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, s. XII-XIIIKapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Johannisson, BengtSchwartz, Birgitta
    Societal entrepreneurship: positioning, penetrating, promoting2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship generally is about creative organizing but with social enterprising this is especially so. Most social ventures cross the boundaries between the private, the public and the non-profit/voluntary sectors. This broad involvement of actors and intertwining of sectors makes the label ‘societal’ entrepreneurship appropriate. Stating the importance of both the local and the broader societal context, the book reports close-up studies from a variety of social ventures. Generic themes include positioning societal entrepreneurship against other images of collective entrepreneurship, critically penetrating its assumptions and practices and proposing ways of promoting societal entrepreneurship more widely. Providing a new conceptual framework and research methodology, this compendium will prove insightful for academic scholars. The basic concepts and illustrative cases/stories will also appeal to students and reflective practitioners.

  • 4.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Lindberg, Jessica
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Skoglund, Annika
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Transformation from entrepreneurship to entrepreneurships: creating alternatives?2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper our ambition is to provide with theoretical and empirical inspiration for studying contemporary constitutions of entrepreneurship. In specific, we seek to highlight how the transformation from entrepreneurship into forms of entrepreneurships has unfolded on various arenas. This means tracing the interplay between criticism of (traditional) entrepreneurship and the outbreak and dissemination of alternative entrepreneurships. In specific, we focus on the positive connotations that come with the alternative forms, a goodness that lures behind each and every corner, to see what it shapes as well as what shape entrepreneurship takes. Even if entrepreneurship research does pay some interest to the changing conditions for entrepreneurship, it seldom links these to changes in conditions for people, organizations and societies.

  • 5. Johannisson, Bengt
    et al.
    Johansson, Anders W.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Rosell, Erik
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Stenberg, Rebecca
    Tillmar, Malin
    Organizing societal entrepreneurship: A cross-sector challenge2015Inngår i: Handbook of Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Development Research / [ed] Paula Kyrö, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, s. 130-154Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Lindbergh, Jessica
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Community Development and Small-Scale Food Production: Multifaceted Demands on Rural Entrepreneurs2016Inngår i: Challenges for the new rurality in a changing world: Proceedings from the 7th International Conference on Localized Agri-Food Systems / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Ursula Hård, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, s. 21-22Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we investigate how small- scale food producers handle the tension between small-scale craftsmanship production and the traditional business growth logic. We use qualitative case method and investigate two farms. Our result shows that growth occurs more in forms of collaborations rather than within an organization. 

  • 7.
    Lindbergh, Jessica
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    The creation of preservative entrepreneurship: multifaceted demands on rural entrepreneurs2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Lindbergh, Jessica
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Using food culture and heritage in a new context: a study on immigrating food entrepreneurs2016Inngår i: People moving with food: Food, migration and multiculturalism, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An interest in small-scale food production has emerged in many regions of Sweden (Rytkönen, Bonow & Wramner, 2013). The products in specific regions are linked to their origin and authenticity since they stem from a site-specific tradition, e.g. terroir (van Leeuwen, Roby, Pernet and Bois, 2010) that is older than the industrialized food production (Nygård and Wramner, 2103). Related to the idea of terroir is the concept of patrimonisation that has become popular in parts of Europe with a movement of small-scale local food production, getting away from globalization, centralization and industrialization and instead focusing on food without additives and substitutes. Patrimonisation expresses the wish to preserve a rural landscape and traditional food products connected to a local heritage (Gade, 2004). Since local lay knowledge of how to grow food and local food culture have been largely lost, it is through the experience of small-scale food producers, their practical hands-on expertise and adapting expert knowledge to local conditions, that some of the knowledge can be rebuilt (Fonte, 2008). This knowledge is found in our case studies focusing on foreign food entrepreneurs moving to Sweden. The geographical region in which a person is born and raised will permanently influence that person's view of itself and this regional imprint remains when the person moves to a new location (Nygård and Wramner, 2013).

    Our research interest is to understand how patromonisation is shaping food entrepreneurs when moved to a different location. 

    We have studied two immigrated rural entrepreneurs interested in small-scale food production and community development; the Charcuterie farm entrepreneurs from Germany and the Goat farm entrepreneurs from Switzerland. The charcuterie products are produced by German handcrafted manufacturing methods and given German names but locally produced in Halland, Sweden. So, the locally produced charcuterie is sold with a German geographical identity i.e. terroir since the production is based on the owners self-educated knowledge of the German craftsmanship and quality standards. The regional imprint then remains even when moving to a new location (Nygård and Wramner, 2013). The reason for the owners of the Charcuterie farm to start a charcuterie in Sweden was due to weaker legislation for producing charcuterie and that the Swedish farm prices were very attractive. Attractive prices were also an important reason for the Swiss family to buy a Goat farm in Sweden. The Goat farm is primarily producing goat milk that is sold locally to a Cheese farm that they work closely with. For instance, the cheese farm is offering “genuine Swiss cheese fondue”. The Swiss find it interesting that goat meet is not a delicacy in Sweden and express an interest in making use of the goat meet, instead of what is common in Sweden, discarding it or selling to dog-food producers. 

  • 9.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Societal Entrepreneurship Contextualized: The Dark and Bright Sides of Fair Trade2012Inngår i: Societal Entrepreneurship: Positioning, Penetrating, Promoting / [ed] Karin Berglund, Bengt Johannisson, Birgitta Schwartz, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, s. 139-162Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    The animal welfare battle: the production of affected ignorance in the Swedish meat industry debate2020Inngår i: Culture and Organization, ISSN 1475-9551, E-ISSN 1477-2760, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 75-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish animal welfare debate has for years focused on the meat industry, which sees animals not as sentient creatures but as production factors and commodities to be economically exploited. Although animal rights organizations have tried to change the meat industry and consumer behaviour, meat consumption is increasing. This could be explained as ‘affected ignorance’ generated by what one already knows but does not want to hear about. This paper discusses how various actors, such as meat industry companies, food retailers, and social movement organizations, frame animal welfare in the media debate with the use of discourses, which are important for producing or discouraging affected ignorance. The paper examines a discursive battle in which actors draw on various discourses over time but also hijack opponents’ discourses. This use of discourses seems to blur the debate and confuse people and they will continue to eat meat from factory-farmed animals.

  • 11.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    The Swedish debate about the cruel meat industry: will it resist affected ignorance and change the animals’ situation?2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of how animals are treated in a large-scale meat industry is repeatedly discussed in the Swedish mass media where demands for change are directed towards politicians and the meat industry. During the last years this debate often starts with NGOs campaigns when they reveal cruel treatment of animals. This paper discuss the food industry and how different actors such as the meat-industry, food retailers, farmers’ associations, politicians, farmers, NGOs, consumers and mass media in Sweden relate to this debate and the animal welfare issue over a time period of ten years. The aim is to discuss if the debate resist affected ignorance and changed the animals’ situation to the better. The empirical data is based on a qualitative study of Swedish newspaper articles and television news but also statistics of organic food sales and organic certified animals. In Sweden the public debate where many different actors are involved show the power and strong forces in society in which a profit-maximising business ideology is dominating and suppress ethical considerations and will preserve the poor treatment of factory animals. Still after 10 years the debate has a minor influence of changing the cruel treatment of animals in the food industry since the alternative farming methods as organic with better treatment of animals still has such a small market share even if it has increased. The consumers’ reactions of not buying conventional meat seem to only last for some weeks after the reveal of mistreated factory animals in videos taken by NGOs. The affected ignorance is still dominating the consumers despite the increased information and public debate and only a minor part of the consumers are taking a moral stance.

  • 12.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Lindbergh, Jessica
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Alternative entrepreneurship: emergence of entrepreneurial forms aiming at a more resilient society2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship nowadays take on new and alternative guises in society; often with the ambition to make the world more resilient in one way or another. We take an interest in this expansion of alternative entrepreneurshipand ask how we can trace the different alternative grassroots forms of entrepreneurship that are initiated for the betterment of society in the Swedish society. 

    In this paper we will draw upon three ethnographic cases that are alternative in the sense that a typical prefix is added to describe what they do (solidary, preservative, bridging) and that they seek to turn something (a mission, setting or activity) more entrepreneurial. Further we will develop descriptions of the three cases and engage in an analysis of alternative entrepreneurship by posing the following questions: 

    • What is alternative in these cases? 
    • How do these forms of entrepreneurship respond to shortcomings in conventional entrepreneurship? 
    • What kind of resilience can be discerned?
    • What alternative form does this take? 
    • How is resilience organized?
    • What is the common denominator for these cases?
  • 13.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Lindbergh, Jessica
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Entrepreneurship in societal change: students as reflecting entrepreneurs?2018Inngår i: Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: Adopting a critical approach in the classroom / [ed] Karin Berglund, Karen Verduijn, New York: Routledge, 2018, s. 43-61Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Nordbo, Ingeborg
    Telemark University College.
    A societal perspective on business and sustainability: a comparison between Nordic and Baltic countries2013Inngår i: On Practice and Knowledge Eruptions, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to discuss similarities and differences with reference to how companies in the Nordic and Baltic countries deal with issues of sustainability and CSR, and how they in this respect relate to actors such as other businesses, governments, consumers and NGOs. Empirically the paper is based on company case studies from Sweden, Norway, Estonia and Lithuania conducted by students in a Nordic/Baltic NordPlus course during 2011, 2012 and 2013. A critical perspective related to the theoretical framework was used in the analysis of the companies and organizations. The methods used were interviews and document studies. The case studies demonstrate that the commitment for the companies to deal and engage with sustainability issues and CSR differ according to company size, industry and external factors (customers, NGOs and/or governmental legislation and procedures) which push or inspire the companies towards more sustainable behaviour. Differences are specially observed between the Nordic countries with a long history of attention towards sustainability compared with the less developed sustainability engagement in Estonia and Lithuania. In this respect, contextual and cultural issues related to the countries different historical heritage and the presence or not of a strong environmental movement are discussed as possible explanations. Push factors for Baltic companies to engage in sustainability issues and CSR seem to be foreign customer demand or issues of being perceived as modern and western oriented businesses. As such export oriented companies show greater interest and commitment to sustainability and CSR than those operating only in the domestic market which still seems to be influenced by the former Sovjet union.

  • 15.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Tilling, Karina
    Evidence-based practice implementation in Swedish social service organizations: Challenges in translating the EBP-model in local organizational contexts2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2010 a large-scale project on implementing Evidence-Based Practices (EBP) in the social services has been governed by the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs in partnership with The Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR). The overall idea of the partnership is to support implementation of EBP in the social services (i.e. elderly care, support and care of the disabled and, child, family and individual social support) via regional supportive structures for local knowledge development. The evidence based model is used as the guiding idea of this national initiative initially adapted and translated from the ideas of evidence based medicine and built upon the triangular model of knowledge sources; A. best available knowledge from research or best practice B. the individual service users’ needs and aims and C. the actual individual situation and contextual factors. All together these three sources should make up the professional knowledge base used by the social service worker. 

    Implementing the general idea of EBP according to the triangular model of knowledge sources is in this paper seen as chains of translations (Czarniawska and Sevón, 1996; Sahlin and Wedlin, 2008) but also as technologies of government (Miller and Rose, 2008). What happens when the EBP-model meets the reality and context of every-day life of the social worker? Which challenges for developing more knowledge based ways of working are experienced in the local social service organizations? 

    The empirical material is based on focus group interviews with social care managers in the county of Västmanland in Sweden in late 2014 on main challenges in implementing knowledge based ways of working in social services. Findings indicate the pre-understanding of EBP being scaring, complicated and scarcely accessible for real work situations, especially in the care of elderly or disabled persons. 

  • 16. Söderbäck, Maja
    et al.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Matsinhe, Carlos
    Högskola och civilsamhälle i samverkan: Svenska studenters fältstudier Moçambique2016Inngår i: Samproduktionens retorik och praktik: inom området hälsa och välfärd / [ed] Inger K. Holmström, Jonas Stier, Per Tillgren, Gunnel Östlund, Lund, 2016, s. 155-164Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    För en hållbar utveckling inom hälso- och välfärdsområdet är samverkan med det civila samhället och dess aktörer värdefulla och nödvändiga. Det här kapitlet handlar om samverkan, kunskapsutbyte och ömsesidigt lärande, mellan högskola och det civila samhället i ett låginkomstland. Projektet har även ett globalt perspektiv med fokus på internationell förståelse som berör samverkan och samproduktion mellan institutioner, kollegor och studenter vid Mälardalens högskola (MDH), Västerås stift inom Svenska kyrkan, Svenska missionsrådet samt Libombo stift inom den anglikanska kyrkan i Moçambique. Kunskapsutveckling genom samverkan med det civila samhället och ideella verksamheter har en lång historia i Sverige.

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