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  • 1.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Common-Sense Notions of “Nation": A Challenge for Teaching2013In: Journal of Political Science Education, ISSN 1551-2169, E-ISSN 1551-2177, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 34-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how students' common-sense conceptualizations of “nation,” specifically the Swedish nation, operate in teaching situations in which a critical constructivist theory of “nation” is part of the curriculum. Taking its point of departure from discussions of conceptual change, this article examines how students negotiate common-sense notions and how these notions affect students' learning processes. We examine group discussions from two different undergraduate courses at a Swedish university. The article discusses obstacles and opportunities for students to understand the concept of “nation” from a constructivist perspective and to challenge the concept of “nation” as a given and natural entity. We find several discursive repertoires in the material. Three of these repertoires are scrutinized to discover how common-sense notions work. The repertories are multifaceted and can function in ways that facilitate as well as block denaturalization. The results show that common-sense understandings remain with the students even if they learn to account for constructivist perspectives. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that students' understandings of scholarly discussions of “nation” are complex and that resisting the content of a specific theory may, in some cases, be productive in terms of learning.

  • 2.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Den nationella väven - introduktion2010In: Den nationella väven: Feministiska analyser / [ed] Maria Jansson, Maria Wendt & Cecilia Åse, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1. uppl.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ett ögonblick (utanför ordningen): Om minnesarbete i undervisningssituationer2007Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Klasslös i bersån: Ett minnesarbete om skapandet av nationell harmoni2010In: Den nationella väven: Feministiska analyser / [ed] Maria Jansson, Maria Wendt & Cecilia Åse, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kön och nation i vardag och vetenskap2007In: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, no 3, p. 241-258Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Memory Work Reconsidered2008In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, Vol. 16, no 14, p. 228-240Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Murstedt, Linda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Liberal liability: Understanding Students’ Conceptions of Gender Structures2014In: Journal of Social Science Education, ISSN 1611-9665, E-ISSN 1618-5293, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 63-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that teaching gender theories tends to be an educational challenge and elicits student resistance.However, little is known about students’ learning processes in social science. This study aims to explore these learningprocesses by drawing on feminist pedagogy and conceptual change theory. The results show that when students areasked to perform analysis from a structural gender perspective, they recurrently introduce other explanatoryframeworks based on non‐structural understandings. The students’ learning processes involve reformulatingquestions and making interpretations based on liberal understandings of power, freedom of choice and equality. Weargue that this process is due to the hegemonic position of the liberal paradigm as well as to the dominant ideas aboutscience. Clarifying the underlying presumptions of a liberal perspective and a structural perspective may help studentsto recognise applied premises and enable them to distinguish relevant explanations.

  • 8.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    För Sverige - med livet som insats: Afghanistankriget, döden och demokratin2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 3, p. 359-388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Death, Democracy and the Swedish Afghanistan War

    Five Swedish soldiers lost their lives in Sweden’s military operation in Afghanistan (2002–2014). When citizens are killed in battle, justification of the individual sac-rifice becomes essential. For which values/for whom can the democratic state require its citizens to risk their lives? The purpose of this article is to analyse ideas and representations that support public discourse and constructions of meaning connected to the Swedish losses. The democratic implications of these construc-tions are also discussed. The results show that specific notions of gender and nation are central in the discourse. These notions limit what political positions and atti-tudes that become possible. National historical genealogies, as well as gender ide-als and family norms, frame military operations as “natural” and existential rather than political. Discourse is marked by emotions rather than by debate and delib-eration. The democratic discussion of military casualties and war-making is thereby constrained and critical perspectives become difficult to formulate.

  • 9.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Kön, våld och död i nya krig2017In: Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 239-250Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Learning dilemmas in undergraduate student independent essays2015In: Studies in Higher Education, ISSN 0307-5079, E-ISSN 1470-174X, Vol. 40, no 5, p. 838-851Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay-writing is generally viewed as the primary learning activity to fosterindependence and analytical thinking. In this article, we show that independentresearch projects do not necessarily lead to critical thinking. University-leveleducation on conducting independent projects can, in several respects, counteractenhanced analytical skills. The purpose of this study is to advance knowledge onthe difficulties students experience in acquiring analytical skills. A group ofundergraduate political science students were interviewed while they attended anindependent research course. They were also asked to record their reflections.The digital diaries provide access to the students’ perceptions regarding theassignment and their struggles as they handle scientific problems. We argue thatthe students are caught up in different learning dilemmas when asked to performindependent academic research. One result is that ambiguous and contradictoryunderstandings of science affect the learning processes and thus affect thestudents’ possibilities for developing analytical thinking.

  • 11.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Manliga maktordningar2009In: Politisk teori / [ed] Ludvig Beckman & Ulf Mörkenstam, Malmö: Liber, 2009, 1., p. 191-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    När soldater dör tystnar det demokratiska samtalet2018In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Crisis Narratives and Masculinist Protection: Gendering the Original Stockholm Syndrome2015In: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 595-610Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stockholm syndrome, or captor-bonding, is a psychological crisis response to which women are considered especially susceptible. The term was coined in connection with a 1973 hostage situation in Stockholm, Sweden. I argue that the syndrome originally indicated a crisis of state authority. The conception of Stockholm syndrome projected a crisis of the legitimate state onto the women hostages and reinforced connections between state protection, masculinity and physical force. Crisis narratives specifically targeted the women's agency, and the state's protector status was restored by gendering dependency and victimhood. The particular circumstances of the original Stockholm incident were a prerequisite for the syndrome's appearance and continue to inform common understandings and scholarly writing on the syndrome. When crisis discourse appropriates the Stockholm syndrome, a unitary perspective and gendered foundations of state power are reinforced. Possibilities of divergent perspectives and counter-discourses, which are critical to feminist interventions into crisis narratives, are thereby diminished.

  • 14.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Förnuft och kropp: Feministisk kritik av liberala idéer2017In: Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 77-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Individ utan innehåll: en feministisk kritik av liberala idéer2011In: Politik och kritik: en feministisk guide till statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall och Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011, 1, p. 45-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Introduction: Gender, War, and Military Sacrifice2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Routledge, 2019, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does military sacrifice mean in today’s globalised world? This introductory chapter explains why a gender perspective is necessary to understand the justification for contemporary war and military sacrifice. The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan (2001–2014) proclaimed post-national and humanitarian motivations that confronted the idea of a masculine obligation to die for the nation and its women and children. Even so, this book argues that gendered national narratives and protector/protected relations were central in rendering meaning and legitimacy to the war deaths. Situated in Feminist International Relations, this chapter presents an examination of the social and political meaning accorded to the Afghanistan war deaths in six European countries (Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Sweden, and the United Kingdom). The rationale of a comparative approach to denaturalise constructions of gender and nation is emphasised. A key argument is that easily disregarded or allegedly un-political materials – such as emotional expressions, rituals, monuments, and artwork – deepen the scholarly understanding of war-making in contemporary democracies.

  • 17.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kris! Perspektiv på Norrmalmstorgsdramat2014Book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Monarchical Manoeuvres: Gender, Nation and the Boundary Problem in Post-War Swedish Constitutional Development2013In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 172-186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish monarchy is often regarded as a purely symbolic institution. Since the constitutional reforms of the mid-1970s, the head of state has lacked formal political power, and rules of succession have been gender-neutral since 1980. This article examines how the monarchy is constitutionally negotiated and the consequences this has for representations of nation and gender. I argue that the constitutional underpinnings of the Swedish monarchy naturalize the idea of a national community. This analysis elucidates the specific dynamics by which political discourse, such as constitutional texts, successfully establishes a supposedly apolitical domain. I also demonstrate the consequences, in terms of norms and ideals regarding gender, sexuality, and family life, of the present constitutional design. The analysis is based on official political documents and debates from the post-war period. Following a section on the evolution of the current regulations surrounding the monarchy, the paper analyses political discourse on the form of government in light of the boundary problem, namely, on what basis can a legitimate people (demos) be affirmed? I demonstrate that the monarchy gives Swedish democracy a national foundation; a legitimate demos is established through the idea of a pre-political national community, personified by the royal family and codified in the hereditary order of succession. In relation to nation and gender, the monarchy connects Swedish nationalism to representations of “blood” and genetic descent. One important conclusion is that the way the Swedish monarchy is constitutionally upheld works against attempts to challenge politically and discuss Swedish nationalism and its relationship to conservative gender norms. Another conclusion is that the monarchy's hereditary principle runs the risk of obstructing free and unfettered discussion of constitutional issues.

  • 19.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Nation and gender in crisis narratives: The submarine incident in Sweden 19812013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    National Pleasure: Gender and Nation in Royal Yearbooks2009In: Media and Monarchy in Sweden / [ed] Mats Jönsson & Patrik Lundell, Göteborg: Nordicom , 2009, p. 99-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ship of shame: gender and nation in narratives of the soviet submarine crisis in Sweden2016In: Journal of Cold War Studies, ISSN 1520-3972, E-ISSN 1531-3298, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 112-132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article demonstrates that the concepts of gender and nation illuminate the Swedish-Soviet submarine crisis in February 1981, when a nuclear-armed Soviet submarine was stranded for ten days in the Swedish archipelago. The crisis challenged both the Swedish armed forces’ status as protectors of the national territory and the government's foreign policy doctrine of neutrality. The article analyzes Swedish media from 1981 to identify the interpretive frames, with a particular emphasis on emotions and body imagery. Gendered notions of protection permeated the crisis narratives. Male bodies embodied national and military agency, whereas women's bodies symbolically merged with the Swedish nation's territory. The Soviet intruders were disparaged and Swedish military prestige redeemed through gendered and corporeal representations. The article improves our understanding of the way the Swedish ideal of the neutral soldier and the foreign policy doctrine of neutrality incorporated gender.

  • 22.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Skammens skepp: när U137 gick på grund2014In: Det dolda hotet: 12 forskare om ubåtar / [ed] Andreas Linderoth, Karlskrona: Marinmuseum , 2014, p. 131-151Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    The gendered myth of protection2019In: The Routledge handbook of gender and security / [ed] Caron E. Gentry, Laura J. Shepherd, Laura Sjoberg, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 273-283Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hårda bud: manifest för en levd statsvetenskap2010In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 112, no 4, p. 407-409Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tre nyanser av Sverige2011In: Kön, makt, nation: tillägnad Maud Eduards / [ed] Diane Sainsbury & Maritta Soininen, Stockholm: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Stockholms universitet , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Quirico, Monica
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendered Grief: Mourners' Politicisation of Military Death2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 145-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates how the relatives of the European soldiers who died in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014), particularly mothers, organised and acted publicly and politically. What is the potential for personal grief to contest political and justificatory war narratives? Feminist scholarship on the relationship between gender, war grief, and politics provides the theoretical framework. Using cross-country comparison as a feminist method of denaturalisation, the chapter discusses gendered grief in the six European countries, with a specific focus on Italy, Sweden and the UK. The comparative analysis identifies general patterns and pinpoints the national differences that had a key influence on the politicisation of war grief. A “politico-emotional war contract” is put forward as a key component both opening up space for and stifling bereaved relatives’ political agency. The chapter discusses how relatives made use of gender representations to challenge established war narratives, but also shows how women’s grief was silenced or appropriated and used to sanction and beautify military violence. An important result concerns how different national contexts condition the possibilities for women’s agency as grieving mothers and wives.

  • 27.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Comparison as Feminist Method: Denaturalising Gender and Nation2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 17-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter develops the cross-country comparison as a feminist method for the critical interrogation of naturalised ideas and representations. Recognising denaturalisation as a shared feminist approach, Cynthia Enloe’s concept of “feminist curiosity” is developed in order to advance cross-national comparison. The basic idea is that comparison assists denaturalisation because it enables the analysis of taken-for-granted ideas, identities, and emotional investments. The chapter presents the comparative methodology used in the subsequent chapters of the volume Gendering Military Sacrifice, where meaning-making associated with military losses in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014) are examined in six European countries. Discussing the methodological challenges related to denaturalising constructions of gender and nation, several research strategies used in the following empirical contributions are presented. These include working collectively, combining in-depth contextual knowledge with comparisons between national contexts, and presenting research according to empirical sites rather than based on a nation-by-nation perspective. As a necessary background to the following transnationally arranged chapters, this chapter also presents the differing war legacies and the building blocks of national identities as well as the overarching gender/nation relations for all the countries discussed in the volume.

  • 28.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Conclusion: The Gendered Politics of Contemporary Military Sacrifice2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 177-197Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Combining the results of the feminist comparative cross-country analyses presented in this book, this concluding chapter underlines the shared features as well as the national differences in European nations’ efforts to give meaning to the military losses during the Afghanistan war (2001–2014). Humanitarian justifications could motivate dispatching soldiers to Afghanistan, but were inadequate when the countries faced military fatalities. The establishment of national history and time, the renegotiation of relations between home and away, and the family trope rendered the war deaths meaningful and affected possibilities to critically discuss the war mission. An important argument is that potential for dissent vis-à-vis military violence depended on gendered national narratives. Discussing Feminist International Relations, the chapter addresses gendered protector/protected renegotiations, and spells out the gender consequences of the linkage between state sovereignty and military sacrifice. In closing, the chapter proposes the denaturalisation and politicisation of gender–nation constructions as essential to advancing war-critical narratives and effective anti-militarist strategies.

  • 29.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, MariaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendering military sacrifice: A feminist comparative analysis2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does military sacrifice mean in today’s globalised world? For what ethical principles and beliefs are citizens prepared to die and to sacrifice their loved ones? In present-day security discourses emphasising human rights and an international responsibility to protect, traditional masculinised obligations to die for the homeland and its women and children are challenged and renegotiated. Working from a critical feminist perspective, the authors examine the political and societal justifications for sacrifice in wars motivated by post-national and humanitarian values. This volume provides original empirical research from six European countries, demonstrating how gendered and nationalistic representations saturate contemporary notions of sacrifice and legitimate military violence. A key argument is that a gender perspective is necessary in order to understand, and to oppose, the idea of the honourable military death.

    Bringing together a wide range of materials – including public debates, rituals, monuments and artwork – to analyse the justifications for soldiers’ deaths in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014), the analysis challenges methodological nationalism. The authors develop a feminist comparative methodology and engage in cross-country and transdisciplinary analysis. This innovative approach generates new understandings of the ways in which both the idealisation and political contestation of military violence depend on gendered national narratives.

  • 30.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendering the new hero narratives: Military death in Denmark and Sweden2018In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 20th century, wars were fought primarily in the name of protecting the homeland.Making the ‘ultimate sacrifice’ was a national masculine duty and a key feature of military heroism.Today, human rights and international values justify war-making and legitimise military action.In one of these post-national wars, the International Security Assistance Force operation inAfghanistan, more than 700 European soldiers have lost their lives. How have these deaths beenlegitimised, and how has the new security discourse affected notions of masculinised heroism andsacrifice? This article investigates how the dimensions of national/international and masculinity/femininity are negotiated in media narratives of heroism and sacrifice in Denmark and Sweden.Regarding scholarly discussions on the professionalisation, individualisation and domesticationof military heroism, the empirical analysis demonstrates that the Danish/Swedish nationremains posited as the core context for military heroism and sacrifice. In the media narratives,professionalism is represented as an expression of specific national qualities. The media narrativesconflate nation and family and represent military heroes as distinctively masculine and nationalfigures. It is argued that a family trope has become vital in present-day hero narratives. This tropeis disposed towards collective emotions, national loyalty and conservative gender ideals.

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