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  • 1.
    Ericsdotter, Christine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Detail in Vowel Area Functions2007In: Proceedings of the XVIth ICPhS, Saarbrücken, 6-10 August 2007, 2007, p. 513-516Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents some results and a small follow-up investigation from an MRI study of vowels [3], in which classical distance-to-area equations [5] were evaluated for implementation in sagittal view articulatory modelling. It was shown that an articulatorily more detailed application of the conversion rules improved the accuracy of the predicted areas, but that this increased realism failed to improve acoustic performance, if midline derivation and vocal tract termination points were kept the same. These results are discussed in relation to articulatory modelling in linguistic research. Work funded by the NIH (R01DC02014) and Stockholm University (SU617023001).

  • 2.
    Ericsdotter, Christine
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Education in Languages and Language Development, Language Learning Resource Centre.
    Abete, Giovanni
    Università degli studi di Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento di Filologia Moderna.
    Forma e funzione dell'espressione "hai capito?" nel dialetto di Pozzuoli2007In: Bollettino Linguistico Campano, ISSN 1722-0262, Vol. 11-12, p. 57-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [it]

    In questo contributo si propone un’analisi fonetica e conversazionale dell’espressione hai capito? (d’ora in avanti HC) in un corpus di parlato dialettale raccolto a Pozzuoli (NA). Questa espressione viene utilizzata frequentemente come appendice di fine enunciato (in inglese ending tag) e presenta realizzazioni molto variabili, raggiungendo spesso gradi molto avanzati di riduzione, sino a comparire talvolta in una forma minimale [trascrizione fonetica: ɛ]. Parallelamente alla riduzione fonetica, HC sembra essere soggetta a un processo di delessicalizzazione, venendo ad assumere funzioni pragmatiche peculiari. Si ipotizza che la variazione di pronuncia sia connessa (1) con funzioni diverse di questa espressione nella conversazione, per esempio se conclude un tema, o se è usata per tenere o lasciare il turno, e (2) con posizioni diverse nella catena sintagmatica, per esempio se è inclusa tra pause o se occorre nel mezzo della catena parlata. Obiettivo di questo lavoro è dunque descrivere la forma e la funzione del tag e discutere le condizioni di un’eventuale relazione tra questi due aspetti. Nei paragrafi 1.1-1.2 vengono introdotte alcune linee di ricerca, relative all’analisi della conversazione e ai modelli della riduzione fonetica, che costituiscono lo sfondo teorico sul quale si colloca il presente lavoro; in § 2 si introduce il fenomeno analizzato e si descrive la metodologia utilizzata; in § 3 si presentano i dati; in § 4 si discutono i risultati e si propone un’ipotesi di classificazione tipologica di HC.

  • 3.
    Ericsdotter Nordgren, Christine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Phonetics of Vowels2019In: Oxford Research Encyclopedias: Linguistics, Oxford University Press, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech sounds are commonly divided into two main categories in human languages: vowels, such as ‘e’, ‘a’, ‘o’, and consonants, such as ‘k’, ‘n’, ‘s’. This division is made on the basis of both phonetic and phonological principles, which is useful from a general linguistic point of view but problematic for detailed description and analysis. The main differences between vowels and consonants are that (1) vowels are sounds produced with an open airway between the larynx and the lips, at least along the midline, whereas consonants are produced with a stricture or closure somewhere along it; and (2) that vowels tend to be syllabic in languages, meaning that they embody a sonorous peak in a syllable, whereas only some kinds of consonants tend to be syllabic. There are two main physical components needed to produce a vowel: a sound source, typically a tone produced by vocal fold vibration at the larynx, and a resonator, typically the upper airways. When the tone resonates in the upper airways, it gets a specific quality of sound, perceived and interpreted as a vowel quality, for example, ‘e’ or ‘a’. Which vowel quality is produced is determined by the shape of the inner space of the throat and mouth, the vocal tract shape, created by the speaker’s configuration of the articulators, which include the lips, tongue, jaw, hard and soft palate, pharynx, and larynx. Which vowel is perceived is determined by the auditory and visual input as well as by the listener’s expectations and language experience. Diachronic and synchronic studies on vowel typology show main trends in the vowel inventories in the worlds’ languages, which can be associated with human phonetic aptitude.

  • 4.
    Frid, Johan
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Ericsdotter, Christine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Education in Languages and Language Development, Language Learning Resource Centre.
    Engstrand, Olle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Fridell, Staffan
    Uppsala universitet.
    r-ljuden i svenskan2010In: Språken i Sverige, Stockholm: Norstedts kartor , 2010, p. 66-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Simpson, Adrian
    et al.
    Institut für Germanistische Sprachwissenschaft, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena.
    Ericsdotter, Christine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Education in Languages and Language Development, Language Learning Resource Centre.
    Sex-specific differences in f0 and vowel space2007In: Proceedings of the XVIth ICPhS, Saarbrücken, 6-10 August 2007 / [ed] Jürgen Trouvain and William J. Barry, 2007, p. 933-936Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested that the larger area of the average female acoustic vowel space is a consequence of compensating for poorer harmonic sampling of the spectral envelope resulting from a higher f0. This predicts that there should be variation in vowel space size within any group of males or females representing sufficient interindividual range of average f0. Inspired by this, the present paper examines whether there is a correlation between a speaker’s f0 and the size of the speaker’s F2×F1 vowel space. A highly significant correlation between f0 and vowel space size is found in the female group of a sample of 27 German students. However, no such correlation is found between f0 and the Euclidean distance between same speaker tokens of /e:/ and /a:/.

  • 6. Weirich, Melanie
    et al.
    Simpson, Adrian P.
    Öjbro, Jasmine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Ericsdotter Nordgren, Christine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    The phonetics of gender in Swedish and German2019In: Proceedings of Fonetik 2019, 2019, p. 49-53Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender specific variation in phonetic parameters exist cross-linguistically. However, differences between languages in the size of this variation point to a socio-cultural aspect influencing these gender-specific differences.

    This study investigates fundamental frequency and vowel space size in 71 Swedish and German males and females, thereby comparing gender differences between the language groups. In addition, self-reported gender identity scores are gathered and set in relation to the phonetic variation.

    Results reveal differences between the language groups in the size of gender-specific variation with German speakers showing larger differences in mean f0 and vowel space size between the genders than Swedish speakers. This is mainly due to a lower mean f0 and a smaller vowel space in Swedish females and reflects socio-cultural differences in gender identity.

1 - 6 of 6
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