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  • 1. Borchorst, Anette
    et al.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kantola, Johanna
    Reisel, Liza
    Teigen, Mari
    Institutionalizing Intersectionality in the Nordic Countries: Anti-Discrimination and Equality in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden2012In: INSTITUTIONALIZING INTERSECTIONALITY: THE CHANGING NATURE OF EUROPEAN EQUALITY REGIMES / [ed] Andrea Krizsan, Hege Skjeie, Judith Squires, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 59-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Electoral Gender Quota Systems and their implementation in Europe2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The report maps the diffusion of electoral gender quotas in the 30 EU/EEA countries. In 21 of the countries some type of gender quotas are in use, either legislated or voluntary party quotas. The report evaluates the effectiveness of different quota types in different electoral systems. Some gender quotas have resulted in major leaps in women‟s representation, while others had led to almost no change.

    The conclusion is that in order to be effective in changing women‟s historical under-representation electoral gender quotas have to fit the electoral system and should include regulations about the rank order of women and men on the electoral lists as well as sanctions for non-compliance.

    In general, the report reveals a mixed picture in Europe when it comes to women‟s representation. This up-dated version of the 2008-study (PE 408.309) shows that women‟s parliamentary representation increased only from 23.6 % in 2008 to 24.7% in 2011. In the most recent parliamentary election in 13 of the countries as well as in the election to the European Parliament women‟s representation increased, but ten countries experienced stagnation and in seven for the countries women‟s share of the MPs dropped.

    Eight case studies on Belgium, France, Germany, Poland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom are included in the report.

  • 3.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Electoral gender Quota Systems and Their Implementation in Europe: Issued in English, French, German, Italian and Spanish2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report has been written by WiP, Women in Politics Research Centre at Stockholm University – in cooperation with International IDEA and 8 case study authors, covering Belgium, France, Germany, Poland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

    September 9, 2008 the report was presented to the European Parliament, the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality, which had requested and financed the study.

  • 4.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gender Quotas in Politics - A Constitutional Challenge2009In: Constituting Equality: Gender Equality and Comparative Constitutional Law / [ed] Susan H. Williams, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009, p. 29-52Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Judging gender quotas: predictions and results2010In: Policy and politics (Print), ISSN 0305-5736, E-ISSN 1470-8442, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 407-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While electoral gender quotas are rapidly disseminating all over the world, they are also meeting with fierce resistance. A closer look at quota debates reveals that a considerable number of arguments for and against quotas take the form of quotas. This article identifies a number of key predictions from the quota debate in relation to three dimensions: descriptive representation, substantive representation and symbolic representation. Through examples from the growing quota research, the article discusses how nine selected pairs of predictions have been or could be tested empirically. By this we hope to move the discussion of quotas away from the present deadlock between quota proponents and opponents. A central argument made is that the differences in research results do not only derive from variations between the countries, but also from the use of disparate criteria of evaluation. The article points to the need for clarification and the development of common concepts and criteria.

     

  • 6.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kvotering2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Quotas as a 'Fast Track' to Equal Representation for Women: Why Scandinavia is No Longer the Model2005In: International Feminist Journal of Politics, ISSN 1461-6742, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 26-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent years have witnessed the rapid diffusion of electoral gender quotas. Today, about forty countries around the world have introduced gender quotas for parliamentary elections, either by constitutional amendment or electoral law. Also, quotas for public election have been laid down in major political parties' statutes in more than fifty countries.

    This article, which is based on the first worldwide overview of the use of quotas, presents general trends in quota adoption. It identifies two discourses: the incremental track versus the fast track to women's parliamentary representation, and argues that the Scandinavian countries - which represent the incremental track - many no longer be a valid model for ways to improve women's representation. The article also analyses the implementation process, and concludes that, without specifications of quota provisions that match the electoral system in question, and rules about the rank order of candidates as well as sanctions for non-compliance, quota provisions may be merely symbolic.

  • 8.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Threlfall, Monica
    Fuszara, Malgorzata
    Remaking Political Citizenship in Multucultural Europe: Addressing Citizenship Deficits in the Formal Political Representation System2012In: Remaking Citizenship in Multicultural Europe: Women's Movement, Gender and Diversity / [ed] Beatrice Halsaa, Sasha Roseneil, Sevil Sümer, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 141-165Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter highlights the results from the subproject on political citizenship within the large integrated FEMCIT-project (www.femcit.org). the chapter brings the main results from subprojects on 1) citizens' perspectives on representation, 2)minority women's organizations' perspectives on political inclusion, and 3)women parliamentarians' perspectives on their citizenship practice. Empirical data from research in Poland, UK, Sweden. Macedonia and Spain.

  • 9. Folke, Olle
    et al.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rickne, Johanna
    Gender Quotas and Ethnic Minority Representation: Swedish Evidence from a Longitudinal Mixed Methods Study2015In: Politics & Gender, ISSN 1743-923X, E-ISSN 1743-9248, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 345-381Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    A Discursive Struggle: The Swedish National Federation of Social Democratic Women and Gender Quotas2005In: Nordic Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 0803-8740, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 175-186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1993, the Social Democratic Party in Sweden adopted the zipper system, a gender quota system whereby women and men are placed alternately on party lists. The National Federation of Social Democratic Women had, however, as early as in 1928 proposed that the Social Democratic Party introduce gender quotas so that women would be placed in safe positions on the party lists.

    In this article, the struggle of the National Federation of Social Democratic Women for an increased parliamentary representation of women and its demand for gender quotas during the period 1970-1993 is analysed. Its strategies to put the issue of women's under-representation on the political agenda are outlined as well as the major discursive frames that the debate was embedded within. The article suggests that the discursive controversies over gender quotas can best be understood in the context of competing conceptions regarding historical development, equal opportunity, local autonomy, and cooperation between women and men. One main point is that the zipper system despite its radical effect, can be seen as a discursive solution to the norm of cooperation.

  • 11.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bakom lyckta dörrar2011In: Politik och kritik: En feministisk guide till statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall och Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011, p. 135-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Cuotas de género en material electoral como vía rápida a la paridad2014In: Cuotas de Género: Visión comparada / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Magda Hinojosa, Jennifer M. Piscopo, Tània Verge, Richard E. Matland, Mexico City: Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación , 2014, p. 19-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University.
    Guidelines on Political Party Regulation2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Intersectionality and candidate selection in Sweden2016In: Politics, ISSN 0263-3957, E-ISSN 1467-9256, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 355-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses how intersectionality can be applied to studies of candidate selection. Based on empirical examples on the three stages of candidate selection in Sweden, it concludes that intersectionality is of importance not only in addressing the intersections between different forms of inequality and the resulting hierarchies between them, but also in drawing attention to dominant categories in any given context. By asking which women' and which men' are included as aspirants, candidates, and/or elected representatives, the mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion in candidate selection can be brought to the fore, particularly the ways in which the norm' (usually white privileged men) remains in power.

  • 15.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Introduktion till jämförande politik och utländska politiska system2011In: Politik och kritik: En feministisk guide till statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall och Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011, p. 159-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Introduktion till svensk politik2011In: Politik och kritik: En feministisk guide till statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall och Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011, p. 63-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kvinnors väg in i politiken2005Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University.
    Promoting Inclusive and Gender Sensitive Parliaments: Regional report (Europe)2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University.
    Regeringsformen ur ett könsperspektiv: En övergripande genomgång2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Riksdagen ur ett genusperspektiv: En forskningsöversikt2005Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sweden: Step by Step - Women’s Inroads into Parliamentary Politics2013In: Breaking male dominance in old democracies / [ed] Drude Dahlerup, Monique Leijenaar, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, 1, p. 97-123Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In worldwide comparisons of women in national parliaments, Sweden is regularly ranked at the top of the lists. Since universal suffrage was introduced in 1921, the proportion of women parliamentarians has gradually increased to the current level, with a take-off phase in the 1970s when the 20 per cent threshold was passed. Thus, the development can be characterized as incremental. The chapter analyses women’s access to power and influence in the Swedish parliament in three stages, which can be seen as critical junctures representing crucial institutional and discursive changes. The three stages identified are: ‘the obligatory woman’ (1921–1971), ‘the 51% minority’ (1972–1993), and ‘every other one for the ladies’ (1994–2012). This chapter argues that in order to explain women’s inroads into Swedish politics, one must pay close attention to institutions, actors, and discourses shaping the outcome. Key actors analysed are political parties including party leaders, women’s federations, and the autonomous women’s movement.

  • 22.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ändrar kvotering ojämlika maktförhållanden?2013In: Statsvetenskapens frågor / [ed] Li Bennich-Björkman, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1:1, p. 118-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Borchorst, Anette
    Parental Leave Reforms in Denmark and Sweden: Similar and Different2012In: Comparisons, Quotas and Critical Change: in Honor of Drude Dahlerup / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Michele Micheletti, Stockholm: Department of Political Science, Stockholm University , 2012, p. 38-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Borchorst, Anette
    Kantola, Johanna
    Teigen, Mari
    Reisel, Liza
    Institutionalising Intersectionality in the Nordic Countries: Anti-Discrimination and Equality in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden2012In: Institutionalising Intersectionality: The Changing Nature of European Equailty Regimes / [ed] Andrea Krizsan, Hege Skjeie, Judith Squires, Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 59-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Den politiska representationens intersektionalisernig2011In: Kön, makt, nation: tillägnad Maud Eduards / [ed] Diane Sainsbury och Maritta Soininen, Stockholm: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen , 2011, p. 86-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Electoral Gender Quota Systems and their Implementation in Europe: Update 20132013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The note is an updated version of the 2011 study Electoral Gender Quotas and Their Implementation in Europe (PE 408.309), and it maps the diffusion of electoral gender quotas in the 30 EU/EEA countries and evaluates the effectiveness of different quota types in different electoral systems. The note shows that legislated quotas are implemented in eight countries and party quotas in 14 (additional) countries. It also shows that some gender quotas have resulted in major leaps in women’s representation, while others had led to almost no change.

    In general, the note reveals a mixed picture in Europe when it comes to women’s representation. It shows that women’s parliamentary representation only increased from 23.6 per cent in 2008 to 24.7 per cent in 2011 to 25.6 per cent in 2013. In the most recent parliamentary election in 19 of the countries as well as in the election to the European Parliament women’s representation increased. Four countries experienced stagnation, and in seven of the countries women’s share of the MPs dropped.

  • 27.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hallonsten, Hanna
    Why not corporate gender quotas in Sweden?2013In: Representation: Journal of Representative Democracy, ISSN 0034-4893, E-ISSN 1749-4001, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 467-485Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has for a long time been in the forefront internationally when it comes to equal representation of women and men in politics. In the economic sphere, however, male dominance persists. Even though Swedish governments have for more than 12 years argued for increased representation of women on company boards to address unequal representation, corporate gender quotas have not been adopted. This article examines the ways in which Swedish governments have perceived the issue of women's under-representation on company boards during the period 2000–12 and analyses the implications these perceptions have had for the solutions governments have presented to increase representation. Using empirical data consisting of government bills, reports and answers by ministers to interpellations, the article demonstrates how the identification and diagnosis of the problem affect which solutions seem rational and legitimate and, in the end, opened up different opportunities for change. The article also shows that the discursive development concerning women's representation in politics has taken a different path than the one on company boards, a path that opened up the possibility for solutions such as quotas and the potential for a faster increase in the representation of women.

  • 28.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Introduktion2017In: Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 17-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jansson, MariaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Politik och kritik: En feministisk guide till statsvetenskap2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jansson, MariaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok är en ovärderlig introduktion till feministisk statsvetenskaplig forskning. Här presenteras feministiska teorier och empiriska analyser som tillsammans tecknar en bild av ett kreativt forskningsfält som samlas kring vikten av att använda kön som analytiskt verktyg, och som rymmer både konstruktiva teoretiska debatter och intressanta empiriska resultat.

    Boken innehåller introduktioner till feministisk forskning inom de statsvetenskapliga subdisciplinerna politisk teori, svensk politik, jämförande politik och internationella relationer samt fördjupningar i de för fälten centrala begreppen kön, representation, medborgarskap och säkerhet.  Dessutom presenteras exempel på empirisk forskning. Läsaren får här veta mer om hur närbyråkrater för omsorgsetiska resonemang, hur svensk familjepolitik drabbar ensamstående mödrar, vad som karaktäriserar olika typer av könskvotering och hur ritualerna kring begravningar av kvinnliga soldater som har dött i striderna i Afghanistan återskapar den manliga soldaten som norm.

  • 31.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Krook, Mona Lena
    Department of Political Science, Washington University in St. Louis, USA.
    Discursive Strategies for Institutional Reform: Gender Quotas in Sweden and France2010In: Gender, Politics, and Institutions: Towards a Feminist Institutionalism / [ed] Mona Lena Krook and Fiona Mackay, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, 1, p. 42-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Micheletti, Michele
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Our Colleague Drude: At home and abroad2012In: Comparisons, Quotas and Critical Change: in honor of Drude Dahlerup / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Michele Micheletti, Stockholm: Department of Political Science, Stockholm University , 2012, p. 7-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rönnbäck, Josefin
    Bortom rösträtten: kön, politik och medborgarskap i Norden2011Book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rönnbäck, Josefin
    Inledning: Bortom rösträtten2011In: Bortom rösträtten: Kön, politik och medborgarskap i Norden / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall och Josefin Rönnbäck, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2011, p. 7-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sawer, Marian
    Framing Women Politicians in Old Democracies2013In: Breaking male dominance in old democracies / [ed] Drude Dahlerup & Monique Leijenaar, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, 1, p. 260-275Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter looks at the changing ways in which women politicians have been framed over time. The dominant attitude at the time when women got the vote was that women’s proper role was in the family and not in politics (maternal discourse). A more recent discourse, ‘no democracy without parity’, refers to a democratic deficit if women or minorities are not fully included in the political institutions. The most commonly used arguments for more women in politics were that women would bring specific knowledge and priorities to politics, that as equal citizens women should have equal rights to participate in the decision-making and that women would change the way politics was done. The most recent discourse is that women are needed in politics to clean up the mess caused by men.

  • 36.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Upmark, Gunilla
    Jämställt? Röster från riksdagen 2010: En uppföljningsrapport2012Report (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Micheletti, Michele
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Freidenvall, LenitaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Comparisons, Quotas and Critical Change: in honor of Drude Dahlerup2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
1 - 37 of 37
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