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  • 1.
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Construction of 3D Porous Polyoxometalate Frameworks Through Covalently Bonded LinkagesManuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Open-framework Structures Built by Inorganic Clusters: Synthesis and Characterization2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Novel open-framework germanates and vanadoborates, which are constructed from typical types of clusters, have been synthesized based on different strategies. The crystal structures are solved by using single crystal X-ray diffraction (SXRD) technique or by combined techniques. Additionally, the structures of two open-framework materials, PKU-3 and PKU-16, are determined from nano-sized crystals by rotation electron diffraction (RED) combined with powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD).

    This thesis serves as an introduction to synthesis of open-framework germanates and vanadoborates based on different design strategies. Two germanates are obtained; SU-74 is achieved by employing a novel structure directing agent (SDA), SUT-8 is achieved by assembling the novel structure building units (SBUs) of Co@Ge14 with the introduction of cobalt ions in the synthesis. Four strategies are successfully used in construction of open-framework vanadoborates: using metal-oxo polyhedra as the linkages in SUT-6; applying the scale chemistry approach in SUT-7; employing metal-organic complexes as the linkages in SUT-12, SUT-13, SUT-14; and introducing covalent bond organic linkages into SUT-10 and SUT-11. Single crystal X-ray diffraction is used to conduct the structure determination in combination with other techniques.

    Furthermore, the structures of two open-framework materials, an aluminoborate PKU-3 and a germanosilicate PKU-16, are solved from nano-sized crystals using RED data. The structures are further confirmed by Rietveld refinement against PXRD data. The advantages of the RED techniques are demonstrated in two aspects. In PKU-3, the presence of seriously preferred orientation and light elements in the structure makes it difficult for structure determination by PXRD, but it is easier by RED. In PKU-16, the RED technique is used to determine its structure from the as-synthesized multi-phasic sample containing nano-sized crystals. After the structure of PKU-16 has been solved, the synthesis of this interesting phase can be optimized and pure PKU-16 can be obtained.

    Keywords: Open-framework, germanates, vanadoborates, aluminoborates, germanosilicates, crystal structure, hydrothermal synthesis, single crystal X-ray diffraction, rotation electron diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction

  • 3.
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    PKU-3: An Effective Heterogeneous Catalyst for Strecker ReactionManuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Structure Determination for a Seriously Twinned  Open-framework Germanate Constructed from  Co@Ge14 clustersManuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Chen, Hong
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Deng, Youqian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yu, Zhengbao
    Zhao, Huishuang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Yao, Qingxia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    3D Open-Framework Vanadoborate as a Highly Effective Heterogeneous Pre-catalyst for the Oxidation of Alkylbenzenes2013In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 25, no 24, p. 5031-5036Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three three-dimensional (3D) open-framework vanadoborates, denoted as SUT-6-Zn, SUT-6-Mn, and SUT-6-Ni, were synthesized using diethylenetriamine as a template. SUT-6-Zn, SUT-6-Mn, and SUT-6-Ni are isostructural and built from (VO)(12)O-6 B18O36(OH)(6) clusters bridged by ZnO5, MnO6, and NiO6 polyhedra, respectively, to form the 3D frameworks. SUT-6 is the first vanadoborate with a 3D framework. The framework follows a semiregular hxg net topology with a 2-fold interpenetrated diamond-like channel system. The amount of template used in the synthesis played an important role in the dimensionality of the resulting vanadoborate structures. A small amount of diethylenetriamine led to the formation of this first 3D vanadoborate framework, while an increased amount of diethylenetriamine resulted in vanadoborates with zero-dimensional (0D) and one-dimensional (1D) structures. SUT-6-Zn was proved to be an efficient heterogeneous precatalyst for the oxidation of alkylbenzenes.

  • 6.
    Chen, Hong
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). China University of Geosciences, China.
    Zhao, Huishuang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Changzhou Institute of Engineering Technology, China.
    Yu, Zheng-Bao
    Wang, Lei
    Sun, Licheng
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Peking University, China.
    Construct Polyoxometalate Frameworks through Covalent Bonds2015In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 54, no 17, p. 8699-8704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An emerging strategy for exploring the application of polyoxometalates (POMs) is to assemble POM clusters into open-framework materials, especially inorganic organic hybrid three-dimensional (3D) open-framework materials, via the introduction of different organic linkers between the POM clusters. This strategy has yielded a few 3D crystalline POMs of which a typical class is the group of polyoxometalate metal organic frameworks (POMMOFs). However, for reported POMMOFs, only coordination bonds are involved between the linkers and POM clusters, and it has not yet produced any covalently bonded polyoxometalate frameworks. Here, the concept of covalently bonded POMs (CPOMs) is developed. By using vanadoborates as an example, we showed that the 3D CPOMs can be obtained by a condensation reaction through the oxolation mechanism of polymer chemistry. In particular, suitable single crystals were harvested and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. This work forges a link among polymer science, POM chemistry, and open-framework materials by demonstrating that it is possible to use covalent bonds according to polymer chemistry principles to construct crystalline 3D open-framework POM materials.

  • 7. Fan, Ke
    et al.
    Li, Fusheng
    Wang, Lei
    Daniel, Quentin
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Gabrielsson, Erik
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Licheng
    Immobilization of a Molecular Ruthenium Catalyst on Hematite Nanorod Arrays for Water Oxidation with Stable Photocurrent2015In: ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, E-ISSN 1864-564X, Vol. 8, no 19, p. 3242-3247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells for light-driven water splitting are prepared using hematite nanorod arrays on conductive glass as the photoanode. These devices improve the photocurrent of the hematite-based photoanode for water splitting, owing to fewer surface traps and decreased electron recombination resulting from the one-dimensional structure. By employing a molecular ruthenium co-catalyst, which contains a strong 2,6-pyridine-dicarboxylic acid anchoring group at the hematite photoanode, the photocurrent of the PEC cell is enhanced with high stability for over 10000s in a 1m KOH solution. This approach can pave a route for combining one-dimensional nanomaterials and molecular catalysts to split water with high efficiency and stability.

  • 8. Gabrielsson, Erik
    et al.
    Tian, Haining
    Eriksson, Susanna K.
    Gao, Jiajia
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Li, Fusheng
    Oscarsson, Johan
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Rensmo, Håkan
    Kloo, Lars
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Sun, Licheng
    Dipicolinic acid: a strong anchoring group with tunable redox and spectral behavior for stable dye-sensitized solar cells2015In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 51, no 18, p. 3858-3861Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dipicolinic acidwas investigated as a new anchoring group for DSSCs. A pilot dye (PD2) bearing this new anchoring group was found to adsorb significantly stronger to TiO2 than its cyanoacrylic acid analogue. The electrolyte composition was found to have a strong effect on the photoelectrochemical properties of the adsorbed dye in the device, allowing the dye LUMO energy to be tuned by 0.5 eV. Using a pyridine-free electrolyte, panchromatic absorption of the dye on TiO2 extending to 900 nm has been achieved. Solar cells using PD2 and a Co(bpy)(3) based electrolyte showed unique stability under simulated sunlight and elevated temperatures.

  • 9. Hua, Wei
    et al.
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). China University of Geosciences, People's Republic of China.
    Yu, Zheng-Bao
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Lin, Jianhua
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Peking University, People's Republic of China.
    A Germanosilicate Structure with 11 x 11 x 12-Ring Channels Solved by Electron Crystallography2014In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 53, no 23, p. 5868-5871Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Zeolites have been widely used in industry owing to their ordered micropores and stable frameworks. The pore sizes and shapes are the key parameters that affect the selectivity and efficiency in their applications in catalysis, sorption, and separation. Zeolites with pores defined by 10 and 12 TO4 tetrahedra are often used for various catalytic processes. To optimize the performance of zeolites, it is extremely desirable to fine-tune the pore sizes/shapes. The first germanosilicate zeolite with a three-dimensional 11 x 11 x 12-ring channel system, PKU-16 (PKU, Peking University) is presented. Nanosized PKU-16 was structurally characterized by the new three-dimensional rotation electron diffraction (RED) technique. PKU-16 is structurally related to the zeolite beta polymorph C (BEC, 12 x 12 x 12-ring channels) by rotating half of the four-rings in double mtw units.

  • 10.
    Kärkäs, Markus D.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). China University of Geosciences .
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    A Tailor-Made Molecular Ruthenium Catalyst for the Oxidation of Water and Its Deactivation through Poisoning by Carbon Monoxide2013In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 52, no 15, p. 4189-4193Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Liu, Leifeng
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Yu, Zheng-Bao
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). China University of Geosciences, People's Republic of China .
    Deng, Youqian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lee, Bao-Lin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Peking University, People's Republic of China .
    Disorder in Extra-Large Pore Zeolite ITQ-33 Revealed by Single Crystal XRD2013In: Crystal Growth & Design, ISSN 1528-7483, E-ISSN 1528-7505, Vol. 13, no 10, p. 4168-4171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The single crystal of the extra-large pore zeolite, ITQ-33, was obtained and used to explore its crystal structure details. The ITQ-33 structure was found to be disordered with the columnar periodic building unit, explaining the morphology changes upon the different Si/Ge ratio, and the formation of the hierarchical structure from assembling of ITQ-33 nanofibers.

  • 12. Luo, Zhong-Zhen
    et al.
    Lin, Chen-Sheng
    Cui, Hong-Hua
    Zhang, Wei-Long
    Zhang, Hao
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    He, Zhang-Zhen
    Cheng, Wen-Dan
    PbGa2MSe6 (M = Si, Ge): Two Exceptional Infrared Nonlinear Optical Crystals2015In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 914-922Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two noncentrosymmetric (NCS) quaternary selenides, PbGa2SiSe6 (<bold>1</bold>) and PbGa2GeSe6 (<bold>2</bold>), with second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) responses, were synthesized by a conventional high-temperature solid-state reaction method. Compounds <bold>1</bold> and <bold>2</bold> are constructed by three NCS chromophores, [PbSe4], [GaSe4], and [Ga/SiSe4] or [Ga/GeSe4], with the covalent interactions between the X and Se atoms (X = Pb, Ga, Ga/Si, or Ga/Ge). They crystallize in the polar space groups Cc and Fdd2, respectively. Inspiringly, compound <bold>2</bold> is phase-matchable (PM) and shows high laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) of 3.7 x AgGaS2 and wide transparent region (0.6325 mu m) in the mid-infrared (MIR) region. Most importantly, it presents extraordinary strong second harmonic generation (SHG) at 2.05 mu m radiation of about 12 x AgGaS2 at the particle size of 2545 mu m, which represents the strongest SHG among PM chalcogenides to date. The calculated major SHG tensor elements of compounds <bold>1</bold> and <bold>2</bold> are d31 = 224.7 and d12 = 222.1 pm/V, respectively, while the calculated d36 of AgGaS2 is only 21.2 pm/V.

  • 13.
    Rabten, Wangchuk
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kärkäs, Markus D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). China University of Geosciences, China.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Peking University, China.
    Andersson, Pher G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    A ruthenium water oxidation catalyst based on a carboxamide ligand2016In: Dalton Transactions, ISSN 1477-9226, E-ISSN 1477-9234, Vol. 45, no 8, p. 3272-3276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Herein is presented a single-site Ru complex bearing a carboxamide-based ligand that efficiently manages to carry out the fourelectron oxidation of H2O. The incorporation of the negatively charged ligand framework significantly lowered the redox potentials of the Ru complex, allowing H2O oxidation to be driven by the mild oxidant [Ru(bpy)(3)](3+). This work highlights that the inclusion of amide moieties into metal complexes thus offers access to highly active H2O oxidation catalysts.

  • 14. Tian, Haining
    et al.
    Xu, Bo
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Johansson, Erik M. J.
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Solid-State Perovskite-Sensitized p-Type Mesoporous Nickel Oxide Solar Cells2014In: ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, E-ISSN 1864-564X, Vol. 7, no 8, p. 2150-2153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ,Perovskite has been adopted as photosensitizer to develop solid state p-type mesoporous nickel oxide (NiO) dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) employing PCBM as electron conductor. The optimal device achieved an efficiency of 1.5% with an impressive open circuit voltage of more than 800 mV, which is the record of solar cell based on p-type mesoporous NiO electrode. This result shows the potential for building highly efficient p-type NiO solar cells as stand-alone device.

  • 15. Wang, Lei
    et al.
    Duan, Lele
    Ambre, Ram B.
    Daniel, Quentin
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Das, Biswanath
    Thapper, Anders
    Uhlig, Jens
    Diner, Peter
    Sun, Licheng
    A nickel (II) PY5 complex as an electrocatalyst for water oxidation2016In: Journal of Catalysis, ISSN 0021-9517, E-ISSN 1090-2694, Vol. 335, p. 72-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A Ni-PY5 [PY5 = 2,6-bis(1,1-bis(2-pyridyl)ethyl)pyridine)] complex has been found to act as an electrocatalyst for oxidizing water to dioxygen in aqueous phosphate buffer solutions. The rate of water oxidation catalyzed by the Ni-PY5 is remarkably enhanced by the proton acceptor base HPO42-, with rate constant of 1820 M-1 s(-1). Controlled potential bulk electrolysis with Ni-PY5 at pH 10.8 under an applied potential of 1.5 V vs. normal hydrogen electrode (NHE) resulted in dioxygen formation with a high faradaic efficiency over 90%. A detailed mechanistic study identifies the water nucleophilic attack pathway for water oxidation catalysis.

  • 16. Wang, Lei
    et al.
    Fan, Ke
    Daniel, Quentin
    Duan, Lele
    Li, Fusheng
    Philippe, Bertrand
    Rensmo, Håkan
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Licheng
    Electrochemical driven water oxidation by molecular catalysts in situ polymerized on the surface of graphite carbon electrode2015In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 51, no 37, p. 7883-7886Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A simple strategy to immobilize highly efficient ruthenium based molecular water-oxidation catalysts on the basal-plane pyrolytic graphite electrode (BPG) by polymerization has been demonstrated. The electrode 1@BPG has obtained a high initial turnover frequency (TOF) of 10.47 s(-1) at similar to 700 mV overpotential, and a high turnover number (TON) up to 31600 in 1 h electrolysis.

  • 17. Xu, Bo
    et al.
    Tian, Haining
    Lin, Lili
    Qian, Deping
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zhang, Jinbao
    Vlachopoulos, Nick
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Luo, Yi
    Zhang, Fengling
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Sun, Licheng
    Integrated Design of Organic Hole Transport Materials for Efficient Solid-State Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells2015In: Advanced Energy Materials, ISSN 1614-6832, Vol. 5, no 3, article id 1401185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of triphenylamine-based small molecule organic hole transport materials (HTMs) with low crystallinity and high hole mobility are systematically investigated in solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (ssDSCs). By using the organic dye LEG4 as a photosensitizer, devices with X3 and X35 as the HTMs exhibit desirable power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 5.8% and 5.5%, respectively. These values are slightly higher than the PCE of 5.4% obtained by using the state-of-the-art HTM Spiro-OMeTAD. Meanwhile, transient photovoltage decay measurement is used to gain insight into the complex influences of the HTMs on the performance of devices. The results demonstrate that smaller HTMs induce faster electron recombination in the devices and suggest that the size of a HTM plays a crucial role in device performance, which is reported for the first time.

  • 18. Yang, Huaiyu
    et al.
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). China University of Geosciences - Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
    Rasmuson, Åke C.
    Sandwich crystals of butyl paraben2014In: CrystEngComm, ISSN 1466-8033, E-ISSN 1466-8033, Vol. 16, no 37, p. 8863-8873Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Butyl paraben crystals having a porous layer in between two solid non-porous layers have been produced by cooling crystallization in mixtures of ethanol and water. The outer layers are transparent and fully crystalline, while the middle layer appears to be polycrystalline and is full of pores of various dimensions, down to below 0.1 mu m diameters. The thickness of the porous layer reaches about 40% of the whole crystal. The crystals contain one polymorph only and appear to be essentially fully crystalline. They are stable for more than a year when stored on the shelf at room temperature. When the crystals dissolve, the porous layer dissolves faster, leaving the outer layers for slower dissolution. The sandwich crystals are easily cleaved through the middle layer parallel to the (100) plane. This type of sandwich crystals may provide new useful properties to pharmaceutical solids, e. g. larger specific surface area, higher dissolution rates and improved compaction properties.

  • 19.
    Yang, Yi
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Changzhou Vocational Institute of Engineering, China.
    Shen, Kang
    Lin, Jun-Zhong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zhou, Yong
    Liu, Qiao-yun
    Hang, Cheng
    Abdelhamid, Hani Nasser
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zhang, Zhen-qin
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    A Zn-MOF constructed from electron-rich pi-conjugated ligands with an interpenetrated graphene-like net as an efficient nitroaromatic sensor2016In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, no 51, p. 45475-45481Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel zinc-based luminescent metal-organic framework (Zn-MOF) has been successfully constructed based on a designed flexible and electron-rich N-involved linker (HL = 4-(bis(4-(pyridin-4-yl) phenyl) amino) benzoic acid). The framework of this Zn-MOF exhibits a 2-fold interpenetrated network which is composed of (3,3)-c sheets. The Zn-MOF has a strong solid state emission at 512 nm. The luminescence signal of the Zn-MOF can be quenched efficiently by trace amounts of electron-deficient nitroaromatics, especially 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP). The quenching constant (K-sv) for TNP is 2.11 x 10(4) M-1, indicating that this framework can be employed as an excellent chemical sensor for identifying and quantifying TNP. This work highlights a strategy for designing a N-involved p-electron-rich enhanced ligand with nucleophilic properties for MOF-based materials as sensors. It also paves the way toward exploring other more efficient MOF materials as sensors for determining electron-deficient nitroaromatics.

  • 20.
    Yao, Qingxia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bermejo Gómez, Antonio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Su, Jie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Pascanu, Vlad
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yun, Yifeng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zheng, Haoquan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Liu, Leifeng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Abdelhamid, Hani Nasser
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Martin-Matute, Belén
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Series of Highly Stable Isoreticular Lanthanide Metal-Organic Frameworks with Expanding Pore Size and Tunable Luminescent Properties2015In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 27, no 15, p. 5332-5339Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of highly porous isoreticular lanthanide-based metal organic frameworks (LnMOFs) denoted as SUMOE-7I to SUMOE-7IV (SU = Stockholm University; Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, and Gd) have been synthesized using tritopic carboxylates as the organic linkers. The SUMOF-7 materials display one-dimensional pseudohexagonal channels with the pore diameter gradually enlarged from 8.4 to 23.9 angstrom, as a result of increasing sizes of the organic linkers. The structures have been solved by single crystal X-ray diffraction or rotation electron diffraction (RED) combined with powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). The SUMOF-7 materials exhibit robust architectures with permanent porosity. More importantly, they exhibit exceptionally high thermal and chemical stability. We show that, by inclusion of organic dye molecules, the luminescence properties of the MOFs can be elaborated and modulated, leading to promising applications in sensing and optics.

  • 21.
    Yao, Qingxia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Bermejo Gómez, Antonio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Su, Jie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Pascanu, Vlad
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yun, Yifeng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zheng, Haoquan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Liu, Leifeng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Martín-Matute, Belén
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Highly porous isoreticular lanthanide metal-organic frameworksManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As an emerging type of porous materials, metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have the advantages over conventional inorganic porous materials in that their structures and functions are systematically and predictably designable. Isoreticular expansion is an efficient way for systematic design and control of pore size and shape for MOFs. By using our proposed strategy, a series of highly porous isoreticular lanthanide-based metal-organic frameworks with systematic pore apertures has been obtained, which afford an isoreticular series of MIL-103 structures (termed SUMOF-7I to IV) with pore apertures ranging from 7.2 Å to 23 Å. These materials demonstrated exhibit robust architectures with permanent porosity, and exceptional thermal stability and chemical stability in various solvents. The combination of luminescence property and significant porosity of these MOFs enable them as a potential platform for multifunctional purpose.

  • 22. Zhang, Kaiyou
    et al.
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Wang, Xue
    Guo, Donglin
    Hu, Chenguo
    Wang, Shuxia
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Leng, Qiang
    Synthesis and structure determination of potassium copper selenide nanowires and solid-state supercapacitor application2014In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, E-ISSN 1873-2755, Vol. 268, p. 522-532Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new ternary alkali metal copper chalcogenide KCu4Se8 nanowires with average length of 30 mu m are synthesized using a modified composite-hydroxide mediated (M-CHM) approach. The prepared KCu4Se8 is characterized by XRD, EDS, FESEM and TEM analysis. The structure is determined by the newly developed Rotation Electron Diffraction technique. It is identified to be a body center tetragonal phase. The prepared KCu4Se8 is used to fabricate solid-state supercapacitors in which the thin film of the electrodes are made with pressure of 0 MPa, 5 MPa and 10 MPa, and their electrochemical properties are tested. It is found that 0 MPa supercapacitor displays best electrochemical performance and the specific capacitance of 25.3 F g(-1) is obtained at the scan rate of 5 mV s(-1). It also shows good long-term cycle property by recording 5000 cycles of galvanostatic charge/discharge operation. The specific capacitance can be enhanced to 93.7 F g(-1) at the scan rate of 5 mV s(-1) by coating 0.1 mg V2O5 nanowire on 0 MPa KCu4Se8 electrode.

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