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  • 1.
    Brunsson, Nils
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Hur vet du att björnen inte är farlig?2014In: Alla dessa marknader: RJ:s årsbok 2014/2015 / [ed] Jenny Björkman, Björn Fjæstad & Susanna Alexius, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2014, p. 65-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2. Brunsson, Nils
    et al.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Markets, Trust, and the Construction of Macro-Organizations2018In: Organizing and Reorganizing Markets / [ed] Nils Brunsson, Mats Jutterström, Oxford University Press, 2018, p. 136-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can buyers know what they are buying? In many markets this is no trivial problem, particularly for ambitious, contemporary consumers who care about the way a product has been produced and its effects on health or the physical environment. Buyers have little choice but to trust sellers’ descriptions of the origins and effects of the product, which, in turn, evokes the question of how the buyers can trust the sellers. We describe how the problem of trust has justified the production of new formal organizations, such as certification organizations, accreditation organizations, meta-organizations for the accreditation organizations, and meta-meta-organizations for these meta-organizations. In order to create trust in organizations at one level, a new level of organizations has been created for monitoring the lower level. We argue that such a ‘macro-organization’ is unlikely to represent a stable solution, but has inherent tendencies for further growth.

  • 3.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Leksaker och CE-märkningar: det mobila ansvaret2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines the organization and distribution of responsibility for toys. Toys are one of many product categories to which the regulation of CE-marking applies. CE-marking in turn is part of the EU program for product safety of the Single Market, called The New Approach. Hence, by following the responsibility distribution for toys it is possible to analyze how the New Approach and the EU organizes responsibility. The report concludes that there is not one single actor responsible for toys placed on the market. Moreover, by the specific way of organizing markets that the New Approach prescribes, responsibility is not only distributed among several organizations, but also rather diffused.

  • 4.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Constructing authority in transnational governance: rationality, hierarchy and state involvement in the world of certification standards.2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Constructing authority in transnational governance – rationality, hierarchy and state involvement in the world of certifications.2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores the construction of authority in transnational governance by empirically focusing on accreditation of certification practices. Two case studies are presented: a) a historical account of an organic labeling scheme in Sweden that illustrates a shift from accreditation conducted by an NGO, to a state-run accreditation system developed by the EU, and b) an account of the organization of the highly authoritative EU accreditation system, to explain the somewhat unexpected shift identified in the first case. We argue that authority is derived from the way the EU system is organized – resembling a rational bureaucracy and thus based on rational authority. Based on our findings, we discuss three organizing principles that together contribute to its construction: the shaping of seemingly neutral agents; the creation of exclusiveness and monopolization of concepts; and promoting representations of a hierarchical and rationally organized system. From the study of authority construction within the EU context it becomes obvious that public authorities can be key players in ways that have not been recognized before.

  • 6.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Hyper-organized eco-labels – An organization studies perspective on the implications of Tripartite Standards Regimes2018In: Food Policy, ISSN 0306-9192, E-ISSN 1873-5657, Vol. 75, p. 124-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we analyze the specific tools used to organize global food governance: standards, certification and accreditation, to develop and enhance the discussion regarding Tripartite Standards Regimes (TSR). The dynamics and implications of TSRs are discussed through an in-depth process study of the organization of a Swedish eco-label and the two TSRs of which this labeling organization has been a part of between 1985 and 2016. Using the theoretical concept hyper-organization, the article shows the development of four and five-fold organizational layers of control. Two implications of the hyper-organized TSRs are highlighted: (1) Public authorities play a much greater part in global food governance than previous research has acknowledged. The role of the state, in turn, has implications for how legitimacy and responsibility are sought. (2) In the complex organization of standards, certification and accreditation, responsibility is diffused and very hard to locate. Surprisingly, as the role of public authorities in TSRs becomes clearer and more articulate, the system grows more complex, making responsibility even harder to locate.

  • 7.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    The Certification Paradox: Monitoring as a Solution and a Problem2013In: Trust and Organizations: Confidence across Borders / [ed] Marta Reuter, Filip Wijkström, Bengt Kristensson Uggla, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 91-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Egels-Zandén’s chapter we could see how multinational shoe companies work in order to create trust in their brands by using a process logic framework in their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) efforts. In other words, the companies and their suppliers undertake a dialogue and negotiate with the actors within civil society as to a reasonable interpretation of the freedom of association. This example indicates that confidence has become all the more important in today’s market exchange. It is no longer sufficient to offer products and services of high quality at a reasonable price but, instead, it has also become important to, as a producer, be transparent and open for dialogue. One must be able to demonstrate that the production process has been conducted in an acceptable manner, in terms of specific values, such as sustainability, the work environment, and human rights. If consumers, civil society actors, and journalists discover that a company has used child labor, harmful chemicals, or has denied its employees acceptable working conditions, there is a high risk that the company will be criticized in the media, which, in turn, can seriously damage its reputation and the possibility of market survival.

  • 8.
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Value-neutralizing in verification markets: organizing for independence through accreditation2014In: Configuring Value Conflicts in Markets / [ed] Alexius, Susanna & Tamm Hallström, Kristina, Padstow: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 82-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Handelshögskolan i Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Svärdsten, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Opening the black box of distance within the context of auditing2017Conference paper (Other academic)
1 - 9 of 9
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