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  • 1.
    Calderwood, Feren
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Popova, Iskra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Smartphone Cyber Security Awareness in Developing Countries: A Case of Thailand2019In: Emerging Technologies for Developing Countries: Proceedings / [ed] Rafik Zitouni, Max Agueh, Springer, 2019, p. 79-86Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cyber security awareness among smartphone users is becoming one of the main challenges of cyber security in both developed and developing countries. This paper focuses on Thailand, a developing country that is ranked among the riskiest countries in the world with regards to cybercrime. Through a survey exploring the knowledge and practices of Thai student smartphone owners, as the young population is the largest user group, we seek to estimate the level of their cyber security awareness about the most common risks. The findings reveal that they are most susceptible to identity theft or data compromise, while they were on the whole found to have a higher level of security awareness than students in other countries. We argue for Thailand’s digital economy to be sustainable, ICT4D projects need to extend their focus to this population of smartphone users to increase security awareness.

  • 2.
    Omer, Mohammed
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Klomsri, Tina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Tedre, Matti
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Popova, Iskra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Klingberg-Allvin, Marie
    Osman, Fatumo
    E-learning Opens Door to the Global Community: Novice Users' Experiences of E-learning in a Somali University2015In: Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, ISSN 1558-9528, E-ISSN 1558-9528, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 267-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    E-learning has become one of the primary ways of delivering education around the globe. In Somalia, which is a country torn within and from the global community by a prolonged civil war, University of Hargeisa has in collaboration with Dalarna University in Sweden adopted, for the first time, e-learning. This study explores barriers and facilitators to e-learning usage, experienced by students in Somalia’s higher education, using the University of Hargeisa as case study. Interviews were conducted with students to explore how University of Hargeisa’s novice users perceived elearning, and what factors positively and negatively affected their e-learning experiences. The Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model was used as a framework for interpreting the results. The findings show that, in general, the students have a very positive attitude towards e-learning, and they perceived that e-learning enhanced their educational experience. The communication aspect was found to be especially important for Somali students, as it facilitated a feeling of belonging to the global community of students and scholars and alleviated the war-torn country’s isolation. However, some socio-cultural aspects of students’ communities negatively affected their e-learning experience. This study ends with recommendations based on the empirical findings to promote the use and enhance the experience of e-learning in post conflict Somali educational institutions.

  • 3.
    Popova, Iskra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Modeling ICT4D: System Dynamics Model of Swedish University Projects2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The book is published in the Spider (Swedish Program for ICT in Developing Regions) ICT4D Series. The research reinforces monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of past activities by providing analyses of outcomes and impacts. It refers to seven projects with Swedish partner universities conducted in 2007-2010, looks at their similarities, and offers an alternative way of interpreting the outcomes. The discipline of modeling and simulation is suggested as a complementary or alternative method for monitoring and evaluation of ICT4D projects. System Dynamics model of the project representing all seven projects is created and used as a proof of concept for using modeling and simulation in monitoring and evaluation of ICT4D projects.

  • 4.
    Popova, Iskra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    System Dynamics Approach in Evaluating ICT4D Research Projects2012In: IST-Africa 2012: Conference Proceedings / [ed] Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham, IIMC International Information Management Corporation , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research is to propose the use of modelling and simulation as an alternative or complementary method for monitoring and evaluation of ICT4D projects. As a proof of concept for this idea, System Dynamics approach in evaluating Spider’s program “ICT Collaboration Projects with Swedish Partner Universities 2005-2009” is presented. The results obtained are compared to those available in the external assessment of the same program, created using qualitative approach. The conclusions drawn in both cases are the same. Hence, this example opens the door for models to enter the area of ICT4D. The advantages in using them for future projects are numerous. They offer clarity and compactness in presenting the results, as well as the opportunities to check outcomes under different scenarios.

  • 5.
    Popova, Iskra
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Asrafi, Sabbit
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Adoption of e-health in private and public hospitals: A case study of Bangladesh2015In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference e-Health / [ed] Piet Kommers, Pedro Isaías, Heredina Fernandez Betancort, IADIS Press, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bangladesh is a developing country in Southeast Asia, with more than 160 million people and not enough healthcare facilities to provide services to those in need. The country is struggling to increase the effectiveness and efficiency in healthcare through introducing e-health. This paper compares the development and implementation of e-health preferred generic tools, as defined by the World Health Organization, in the private and public hospitals in Bangladesh. Case study research is used for the study with two comparable hospitals, one private and one public selected as cases. The fieldwork conducted in 2013 made possible to elicit the real status of the e-health tools. The findings were derived from the transcripts of the interviews with the technical and medical personnel at the hospitals. It appears that the private hospitals in Bangladesh are more advanced in building the infrastructure and using e-health tools following the international standards. The market oriented functioning of private hospitals is the driving force for taking actions and behaving pro-actively in the daily use of the technology that is not the case with the public health sector. Lack of funding and capacity, inertia and many governmental norms and regulations are the main obstacles for the public hospital lagging behind in the use of e-health tools.

  • 6.
    Popova, Iskra
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Fabre, Gabriela
    Digital inclusion of secondary schools’ subject teachers in Bolivia2017In: ijEDict - International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1814-0556, E-ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 41-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The government of Bolivia planned to introduce information technology in secondary education through establishing computer labs in schools and through granting each subject teacher a laptop. This initiative was tested for the first time in 2012 with three public schools in La Paz. Most of the subject teachers have never used a computer before. The Swedish Program for ICT in Developing Regions (SPIDER) supported teachers’ training in basic digital skills. This was not sufficient for the teachers to adopt the technology in their daily practice. Within a follow-up research project a constraints driven model for overcoming the barriers teachers faced was developed and applied. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the whole process of digital inclusion with focus on the design and implementation of this model. Teachers’ adoption of the technology and changes in their skills, attitudes and beliefs were assessed through the analysis of the qualitative data obtained in focus group discussions and observations, as well as through the quantitative data collected through a longitudinal survey. The results show that the adopted model proved to be a successful complement to the government policy. From persons intimidated by the laptops, the subject teachers became confident users of digital technology capable of creating numerous educational units and interactive teaching tools.

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