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  • 1.
    Andriam Parany, Rivolala
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    von Heland, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Elmqvist, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    The role of sacred forests in pollination of livelihoods crops in southern MadagascarIn: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Nykvist, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm University, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    von Heland, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Social-ecological memory as a source of general and specified resilience2014In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 47-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explored why social-ecological memory (SEM) is a source of inertia and path dependence, as well as a source of renewal and reorganization in social-ecological systems (SESs). We have presented two case studies: the historical case of the Norse settlement on Greenland and an empirical case from contemporary southern Madagascar. The cases illustrate how SEM is linked to specific pathways of development and a particular set of natural resource management practices. We have shown that in each case, a broader diversity of SEM is present in the SESs, but not drawn upon. Instead, SEMs are part of what explains community coherence and the barriers to adoption of more diverse practices. We have elaborated on how specific SEMs are linked to specified resilience, and we have shown that this fits existing notions of resilience, robustness, inertia, and path dependence. We have proposed that to change the dynamics of development pathways that do not produce desired results, it is necessary for managers to shift from specific to general SEM, which would also mirror the shift from specified to general resilience. The challenge lies in the interplay between the specified and the general. In this critical work, it is important to recognize that the valued diversity of SEM necessary for general resilience might actually reside in a different community.

  • 3.
    Tengö, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    von Heland, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Adaptive capacity of local indigenous institutions: the case of the taboo forests of southern Madagascar2011In: Adapting Institutions: Governance, Complexity and Social-Ecological Resilience / [ed] Emily Boyd & Carl Folke, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Tengö, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    von Heland, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Trees and tree-planting in southern Madagascar: sacredness and remembrance2011In: Greening in the Red Zone : Disaster, Resilience and Community Greening / [ed] Tidball, Keith G. & Krasny, Marianne E., New York: Springer , 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    von Heland, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
    Rowing social-ecological systems: morals, culture and resilience2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The shift from management and governance of ecosystems to relational complex adaptive social-ecological systems (SES) emphasizes a dynamic and integrated humans-in-nature perspective. Such a shift also needs to investigate how diversity and differences in cultures and morals relate to the existence of SES. The papers of this thesis relate these dimensions to SES resilience theory. Paper I analyzes cultural and landscape ecological aspects of trees and tree planting in Androy, Madagascar. Culturally, planting trees serves as a symbol of renewal, purification, agreement and boundary-making. Ecologically, planting trees contributes to the generation of ecosystem services in an otherwise fragmented landscape. Paper II tests the role of forest patches for generating pollination services to local beans that constitute an important protein staple in Androy. The results indicate a significant effect of insect pollination on bean yields and a strong spatial pattern of locating bean plots closer to forests than expected by chance, improving rural food security. Paper III addresses the adaptive capacity of the indigenous forest management in Androy with regard to religious and climatic drivers of change. Paper IV is concerned with cultural analysis of the robustness of provisioning ecosystem services in Androy and the interdependence of morality, cultural practices and generated ecosystem services. Paper V explores how social-ecological memory (SEM) can be seen both as a source of inertia and path dependence and a source of adaptive capacity for renewal and reorganization in the emerging theory about social-ecological systems. Paper VI analyses the film Avatar and discusses ethical–epistemic obligations of researchers as cross-scale knowledge brokers in emerging forms of global environmental politics. The thesis has interdependencies between the social and the ecological and shown that cultural and moral analyses bring important insights and challenges to resilience thinking.

  • 6.
    von Heland, Jacob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Nykvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Social-ecological memories as a source of general and specific resilience2012In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    von Heland, Jacob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad, Institutionen för filosofi och teknikhistoria .
    Works of doubt and leaps of faith: An Augustinian challenge to Planetary Boundaries2012In: Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture, ISSN 1749-4907, E-ISSN 1749-4915, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 151-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the role held by researchers as providers of science based advice in emerging forms of global environmental politics. The field ‘resilience thinking’ pioneered propositions about the critical role of local, traditional and indigenous knowledge to understand and manage human-nature relations. Recently there have been attempts to address sustainability beyond the local. However, the most significant attempt at a leap to the planetary scale again rendered the diversity of knowledge traditions invisible by devising an epistemic space that only took into account experimental scientific knowledge. Using insights from the scientist Dr. Augustine in Avatar, it is possible to discuss historical and current authority claims in local and planetary science-policy. While there is need to discuss resilience beyond the ‘local’, doing so needs to address moral and epistemological aspects of knowledge and politics that cohere with current understandings of the world as living and complex.

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