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  • 1. Cumpstey, Ian
    et al.
    Frigell, jens
    Pershagen, Elias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Alonzi, D.S.
    Butters, T.D.
    N-linked neodisaccharides: Synthesis facilitated by the enhanced reactivity of allylic electrophiles, and glycosidase inhibitory activityManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Neodisaccharides consisting of two monosaccharides linked by a bridging nitrogen atom have been synthesised. Converting one of the monosaccharide coupling components into an unsaturated derivative enhances its electrophilicity at the allylic position, facilitating coupling reactions. Mitsunobu coupling between nosylamides and 2,3-unsaturated 4-alcohols gave the 4-amino pseudodisaccharides with inversion of configuration as single regio- and diastereoisomers. A palladium catalysed coupling between an amine and a 2,3-unsaturated 4-trichloroacetimidate gave a 2-amino pseudodisaccharide as the major product along with other minor products. Derivatisation of the C=C double bond in pseudodisaccharides allowed the formation of Man(N4–6)Glc and Man(N4–6)Man neodisaccharides. The inhibitory activity of some N-linked neodisaccharides against the enzyme α-Glucosidase II is reported.

  • 2.
    Frigell, Jens
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of O-linked Carbasugar Analogues of Galactofuranosides and N-linked Neodisaccharides2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, carbohydrate mimicry is investigated through the syntheses of carbohydrate analogues and evaluation of their inhibitory effects on carbohydrate-processing enzymes.

    Galactofuranosides are interesting structures because they are common motifs in pathogenic microorganisms but not found in mammals. M.tuberculosis, responsible for the disease tuberculosis, has a cell wall containing a repeating unit of alternating (1→5)- and (1→6)-linked β-D-galactofuranosyl residues. Synthetic inhibitors of the enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of the cell wall could find great therapeutic use.

    The first part of this thesis describes the first synthesis of the hydrolytically stable carbasugar analogue of galactofuranose, 4a-carba-β-D-Galf, and the synthetic work of synthesising β-linked pseudodisaccharides containing carba-Galf, which were tested for glycosyltransferease inhibitory activity. The pseudodisaccharide carba-Galf-(β1→5)-carba-Galf was found to be a moderate inhibitor of the glycosyltransferase GlfT2 of M.tuberculosis. The thesis also describes how a general method towards biologically relevant α-linked carba-Galf ethers was developed.

    The final part of this thesis is focussed on the formation of nitrogen-linked monosaccharides without the participation of the anomeric centre. Such a mode of coupling is called tail-to-tail neodisaccharide formation. The couplings of carbohydrate derivatives via the Mitsunobu reaction are successfully reported herein. The method describes the key introduction of an allylic alcohol in the electrophile and the subsequent functionalisation of the alkene to obtain the neodisaccharide. Two synthesised neodisaccharides presented in this thesis have been sent to be tested for glycosidase inhibitory activity.

  • 3.
    Frigell, Jens
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Towards Carbasugar-Based Mimics of Mycobacerial Arabinogalactan2008Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Frigell, Jens
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Carbasugar analogues of galactofuranose: α-O-linked derivativesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using an indirect method, we have synthesised α-linked carbasugar analogues of galactofuranosides for the first time. Opening of a β-talo configured carbasugar 1,2-epoxide by alcohol nucleophiles under Lewis acidic conditions proceeded with very good regioselectivity to give α-talo configured C-1-substituted ethers with OH-2 free. Inversion of configuration at OH-2 by an oxidation–reduction sequence gave the α-galacto configured carbahexofuranose C-1 ethers. A carbadisaccharide corresponding to the Galf(α1→3)Manp substructure from Apodus deciduus galactomannan was synthesised to exemplify the method.

  • 5.
    Frigell, Jens
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Carbasugar analogues of galactofuranosides: alpha-O-linked derivatives2010In: BEILSTEIN J ORG CHEM, ISSN 1860-5397, Vol. 6, p. 1127-1131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using an indirect method, we have synthesised alpha-linked carbasugar analogues of galactofuranosides for the first time. Ring opening of a beta-talo configured carbasugar 1,2-epoxide by alcohol nucleophiles under Lewis acidic conditions proceeded with very good regioselectivity to give alpha-talo configured C1-substituted ethers with a free OH-group at the C2 position. Inversion of configuration at C2 by an oxidation-reduction sequence gave the alpha-galacto configured carbahexofuranose C1 ethers. A carbadisaccharide corresponding to the Galf(alpha 1 -> 3)Manp substructure from Apodus deciduus galactomannan was synthesised to exemplify the method.

  • 6.
    Frigell, Jens
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    First synthesis of 4a-carba-beta-D-galactofuranose2007In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 48, no 52, p. 9073-9076Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Frigell, Jens
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of carbadisaccharide mimics of galactofuranosides2009In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 50, no 36, p. 5142-5144Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Frigell, Jens
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Carbasugar analogues of galactofuranosides: β-O-linked derivativesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A selectively protected carbasugar analogue of β-galactofuranose was synthesised from glucose using ring-closing metathesis as the key step. The carbasugar was converted into an α-galacto configured 1,2-epoxide, which was an effective electrophile in Lewis acid catalysed coupling reactions with alcohols. The epoxide was opened with regioselective attack at C-1 to give β-galacto configured C-1 ethers. Using carbohydrates as nucleophiles, we synthesised a number of pseudodisaccharides.

  • 9.
    Frigell, Jens
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pearcey, J.A.
    Lowary, T.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Carbasugar Analogues of Galactofuranose: Pseudodisaccharide Mimics of Fragments of Mycobacterial ArabinogalactanManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A partially protected carbasugar analogue of β-galactofuranose was converted into an α-galacto configured 1,2-epoxide, which was was opened by alcohols under Lewis acid catalysis with regioselective attack at C-1 to give β-galacto configured C-1 ethers. Using OH-5 and OH-6 carbagalactofuranose derivatives as nucleophiles, we synthesised pseudodisaccharide analogues of substructures of the arabinogalactan from M. tuberculosis. The dicarba analogue of the disaccharide Galf(β1→5)Galf was found to moderately inhibit the action of GlfT2 galactofuranosyl transferase from M. tuberculosis.

1 - 9 of 9
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