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  • 1.
    Aydin, Juhanes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Larsson, Johanna M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selander, Nicklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pincer complex-catalyzed redox coupling of alkenes with iodonium salts via presumed palladium(IV) intermediates2009In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 11, no 13, p. 2852-2854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Palladium pincer complexes directly catalyze the redox coupling reactions of functionalized alkenes and iodonium salts. The catalytic process, which is suitable for mild catalytic functionalization of allylic acetates and electron-rich alkenes, probably occurs through Pd(IV) intermediates. Due to the strong metal−ligand interactions, the oxidation of phosphine and amine ligands of the pincer complexes can be avoided in the presented reactions.

  • 2.
    Aydin, Juhanes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Larsson, Johanna M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pincer Complex-Catalyzed Coupling Reactions via Palladium (IV) Intermediates2009In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 11, no 13, p. 2852-2854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Palladium pincer complexes directly catalyze the redox coupling reactions of functionalized alkenes and iodonium salts. The catalytic process, which is suitable for mild catalytic functionalization of allylic acetates and electron-rich alkenes, probably occurs through Pd(IV) intermediates. Due to the strong metal−ligand interactions, the oxidation of phosphine and amine ligands of the pincer complexes can be avoided in the presented reactions.

  • 3.
    Larsson, Johanna M
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Palladium-catalyzed C-H functionalization of alkenes under oxidative conditions2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The unique properties of high oxidation state palladium have been used to develop new catalytic alkene C-H functionalization reactions. A Heck-type coupling based on the reactivity of palladium catalysts and diaryliodonium salts has been developed with broad synthetic scope and tolerance for functional groups that are ordinarily reactive in Pd0/PdII catalysis, for example, allylic acetates and aryl bromides. Poisoning experiments and DFT studies suggest that a PdII/PdIV cycle is operating. The first catalytic allylic C-H silylation method has also been developed utilizing commercially available hexamethyldisilane as silyl source and iodine(III) reagents as oxidants.

  • 4.
    Larsson, Johanna M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Transition metal-catalyzed allylic and vinylic functionalization: Method development and mechanistic investigations2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of small molecule building blocks in, for example, pharmaceutical research and new material development, creates a need for new and improved organic synthesis methods. The use of transition metals as mediators and catalysts opens up new reaction pathways that have made the synthesis of completely new compounds possible as well as greatly improved the synthetic routes to known compounds.

    Herein, the development of new metal-mediated and catalyzed reactions for construction of vinylic and allylic carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bonds is described.  The use of iodonium salts as coupling partners in Pd-catalyzed Heck type reactions with alkenes is shown to improve the current substrate scope. Results from a mechanistic study indicate that the reaction proceeds via high oxidation state palladium intermediates.

    The use of IIII reagents is also believed to facilitate a PdII/PdIV catalytic cycle in allylic silylation of alkenes using (SiMe3)2, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the first method developed for metal-catalyzed allylic C-H silylation.

    The same silyl-source, (SiMe3)2, has previously been used in a Pd-catalyzed allylic substitution reaction in which allylic silanes are formed from allylic alcohols. A detailed mechanistic investigation of this reaction is described in which by-products as well as intermediates, including the resting state of the catalyst, are identified using 1H, 11B, 19F and 29Si NMR spectroscopy. Kinetic experiments are performed that give information about the turn-over limiting step and the mechanism of the analogous borylation using B2pin2 is also investigated. Insights from this study further made it possible to improve the stereoselectivity of this reaction.

    Additionally, a new method for Cu-mediated trifluoromethylation of allylic halides is presented in which linear products are formed exclusively from both linear and branched allylic substrates at room temperature.  Identification of allylic fluorides as by-products during the reaction also led to the development of a similar Cu-mediated reaction for the fluorination of allylic halides.

  • 5.
    Larsson, Johanna M
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Aydin, Juhanes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selander, Nicklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Catalytic functionalization of allylic compounds via palladium(IV) intermediates2010In: Abstracts of Papers, 239th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, United States, March 21-25, 2010, American Chemical Society , 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Larsson, Johanna M.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pathipati, Stalin R.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Regio- and Stereoselective Allylic Trifluoromethylation and Fluorination using CuCF3 and CuF Reagents2013In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 78, no 14, p. 7330-7336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Copper-mediated trifluoromethylation of allylic chlorides and trifluoroacetates was performed using a convenient Cu-CF3 reagent. The reaction is suitable for selective synthesis of allyl trifluoromethyl species. Mechanistic studies indicate that the reaction proceeds via a nucleophilic substitution mechanism involving allyl copper intermediates. The analogous Cu-F reagent was suitable for fluorination of allyl chlorides. Stereodefined cyclic substrates reacted regio- and stereoselectively.

  • 7.
    Larsson, Johanna M.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabo, Kalman J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic Investigation of the Palladium-Catalyzed Synthesis of Allylic Silanes and Boronates from Allylic Alcohols2013In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 135, no 1, p. 443-455Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanism of the palladium-catalyzed synthesis of allylic silanes and boronates from allylic alcohols was investigated. H-1, Si-29, F-19, and B-11 NMR spectroscopy was used to reveal key intermediates and byproducts of the silylation reaction. The tetrafluoroborate counterion of the palladium catalyst is proposed to play an important role in both catalyst activation as well as the transmetalation step. We propose that BF3 is generated in both processes and is responsible for the activation of the substrate hydroxyl group. An (eta(3)-allyl)palladium complex has been identified as the catalyst resting state, and the formation of (eta(3)-allyl)palladium complexes directly from allylic alcohols has been studied. Kinetic analysis provides evidence that the turnover limiting step is the transmetalation, and insights into notable similarities between the borylation and the silylation reaction mechanisms enabled us to considerably improve the stereoselectivity of the borylation.

  • 8.
    Larsson, Johanna M.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhao, Tony S. N.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Allylic C-H Silylation2011In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 13, no 7, p. 1888-1891Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Palladium-catalyzed allylic C−H silylation was performed with use of hexamethyldisilane as the silyl source. These C−H functionalization reactions occur only in the presence of hypervalent iodine reagents or other strong oxidants and proceed with excellent regioselectivity, providing the linear allylic isomer of the allylsilane products. In demonstrating the first oxidative allylic C−H silylation of alkenes, this study marks an important advance for the catalytic C−H functionalization method.

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