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  • 1.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Blöndal, Sölvi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    A price index for residential property in Stockholm, 1875–20112014In: House prices, stock returns, national accounts and the Riksband balance sheet 1620-2012: / [ed] Rodney Edvinsson, Tor Jacobson, Daniel Waldenström, Stockholm: Ekerlids förlag, 2014, p. 63-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Swedish Payment Systems 995–15342010In: Exchange Rates, Prices, and Wages, 1277-2008 / [ed] Edvinsson, Rodney, Tor Jacobsson, Daniel Waldenström, Stockholm: Ekerlids förlag, 2010, p. 67-132Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Väder, skördar och priser i Sverige2009In: Agrarhistoria på många sätt: 28 studier om människan och jorden. Festskrift till Janken Myrdal på hans 60-årsdag / [ed] Liljewall, Britt, Iréne A. Flygare, Ulrich Lange, Lars Ljunggren, Johan Söderberg, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och lantbruksakademien , 2009, 1, p. 115-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    A Consumer Price Index for Sweden, 1290–20082011In: The Review of Income and Wealth, ISSN 0034-6586, E-ISSN 1475-4991, Vol. 57, no 2, p. 270-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a Consumer Price Index for Sweden 1290–2008. Constructing an index that covers more than seven centuries poses conceptual and empirical problems, and demands some methodological innovations. For example, during numerous occasions the currency unit was changed, and in some periods multiple currencies were used at floating exchange rates relative to each other. This paper also presents two different price indices, one that mainly serves the purposes of estimating real prices and real wages, and another that provides a measure of inflation. While the former follows the main currency unit, the latter also takes into account that debased coins were devalued during recoinage.

  • 5.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    A Consumer Price Index for Sweden 1291-20062007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe the construction of a Consumer Price Index for Sweden 1290-2006. The focus is not to present any new empirical material, but rather to use the very rich empirical material collected in earlier studies on the price history of Sweden to construct a price index that as far as possible use a consistent method through time. This paper also discusses some theoretical and conceptual problems in relation to constructing a historical consumer price index.

  • 6.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Prices and the Growth of the European Knowledge Economy, 1200-20072009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Prices and the growth of the knowledge economy in Sweden and Western Europe before the industrial revolution2011In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 250-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses long-term series of real prices for various goods and services to analyse the evolution of the knowledge economy before the Industrial Revolution by focusing on Sweden in comparison with other European countries. During the early modern period, the relative price of knowledge-intensive goods and services, such as iron, paper, salt, sea transports and silver, decreased relative to a Consumer Price Index. The increased productivity levels of these goods and services were caused by increased division of labour and accelerated diffusion of knowledge. However, the real price of foodstuff tended to increase, implying that living standards declined with increased population. Early modern Western Europe acquired a peculiar price structure, characterized by low prices of industrial goods relative to the price of food. Only with the advent of industrial society could the knowledge economy escape the Malthusian entrapment.

  • 8.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    The evolution of Swedish consumer prices 1290-20082010In: Exchange Rates, Prices, and Wages, 1277-2008 / [ed] Edvinsson, Rodney, Tor Jacobsson & Daniel Waldenström, Stockholm: Ekerlids Förlag & Sveriges Riksbank , 2010, p. 412-452Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Edvinsson, Therese Nordlund
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Servants and Bourgeois Life in Urban Sweden in the Early Twentieth Century2010In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 427-450Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By 1900, most Swedish servants had a rural background. They had migrated to the city from the countryside to perform domestic service in private households. Here they met bourgeois ideals of the comfortable home where the masters could demand home-cooked meals, clean clothes and pleasant surroundings. Servants were needed in order to fulfil this ideal. Yet, the number of domestic servants declined strongly in urban Sweden during the first half of the Twentieth Century. This development is often called ‘the servant crisis’. We explore the background to the scarcity of servants, the relationships between masters and servants, and the role of servants in creating economic and cultural distinctions. We analyze the various adaptations of bourgeois households to the decline of domestic servants. Qualitative sources from private letters, diaries and autobiographies are combined with quantitative evidence from censuses.

  • 10.
    Franzén, Bo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Hus, gårdar och gatubodar: Fastighetspriser i Stockholm och Arboga 1300–16002018In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 138, no 2, p. 227-254Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Houses, yards and sheds: Real property prices in Stockholm and Arboga, 1300-1600

    The article explores real property prices in Swedish trading towns 1297-1600 based on c. 2900 transactions in Stockholm and the smaller town of Arboga. A consumer price index has been used to deflate nominal prices into real values. The analysis shows that houses made of both stone and wood became cheaper over time. In Isoo prices, the median price of a stone house in Stockholm was 343 Swedish marks in the period 1297-1449 compared to 184 marks in the period 1550-1600. For wooden houses the same downward trend was evident: a drop from 84 marks in the first period to 52 marks in the second period. Part of the price decline is due to the fact that building plots became smaller, which suggests an increase in population in Stockholm. Declining real wages of labourers also exerted a downward pressure on the cost of building a house. The slightly negative long-term trend in real property prices in Stockholm and Arboga, amounting to -0.3 and -0.1 percent per year, respectively, diverges from the strong decline in land prices in Eastern Sweden. This is an indication that the towns were less affected by the late medieval crisis than rural areas were. Plague outbreaks are shown to have affected real property prices in Stockholm, where prices fell during plague years, but quickly recovered afterwards. This pattern can be taken as an indication that real property prices were market prices that reacted to external shocks. The analysis also reports tentative results of real property prices as an indicator of economic inequality. The Gini coefficient for Stockholm varied between 0.55 in the period 1297-1449 to o.58 in the period 1450-1499. This is about the same level of inequality that has been calculated for Amsterdam in the mid-sixteenth century. The Gini coefficient for Arboga was also very similar to that of the Dutch towns taken as a whole. There is no clear trend in inequality over time in either Stockholm or Arboga. Finally, the article discusses trends in female ownership of real property by investigating if the position of women in the real property market deteriorated during the period of study. Female sellers of property amounted to nearly zo percent in Stockholm and Arboga, with no discernable time trend. Female property buyers were fewer, amounting to between three and six percent out of the total before 1500 and a somewhat higher percentage share in the sixteenth century.

  • 11.
    Gustavsson, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Husz, Orsi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Collapse of a Bourgeoisie? The Wealthy in Stockholm, 1915-19652009In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 88-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the decline of the propertied bourgeoisie in Sweden in the twentieth century by analyzing data from the Stockholm Directory of Wealth reporting on private wealth in the years 1914, 1928 and 1963. Wealth tax statistics are used as complementary sources. How did the overall level of wealth change among the affluent Stockholmers during this period? Who were the wealthiest people in Stockholm and how did the social stratification withinthe richest change over time? The main results are: first, strongly declining overall mean wealth (-58 per cent) among the richest with a dramatic drop already before 1945 (thus before the expansion of the welfare state); and, second, surprisingly stable social positions among the wealthiest between 1914 and 1963, despite radical changes in society and a dramatic decline in mean wealth.

  • 12.
    Jonsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Department of Economic History2014In: Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm University: 1964-2014 / [ed] Gudrun Dahl, Mats Danielson, Stockholm: Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm University , 2014, p. 91-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Stockholm Winter Temperature: Index Construction2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Wilson, Rob
    Moberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Retsö, Dag
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderlind, Ulrica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Five centuries of Stockholm winter/spring temperatures reconstructed from documentary evidenceand instrumental observations2010In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 101, no 1-2, p. 109-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historical documentary sources, reflecting different port activities in Stockholm, are utilised to derive a 500-year winter/spring temperature reconstruction for the region. These documentary sources reflect sea ice conditions in the harbour inlet and those series that overlap with the instrumental data correlate well with winter/spring temperatures. By refining dendroclimatological methods,the time-series were composited to a mean series and calibrated (1756–1841;r2 = 66%) against Stockholm January–April temperatures. Strong verification was confirmed (1842–1892; r2 = 60%; RE/CE = 0.55). By including the instrumental data, the quantified (QUAN) reconstruction indicates that recent two decades have been the warmest period for the last 500 years. Coldest conditions occurred during the 16th/17th and early 19th centuries. An independent qualitative (QUAL)historical index was also derived for the Stockholm region. Comparison between QUAN and QUAL shows good coherence at inter-annual time-scales, but QUAL distinctly appears to lack low frequency information. Comparison is also made to other winter temperature based annually resolved records for the Baltic region.Between proxy coherence is generally good although it decreases going back in time with the 1500–1550 period being the weakest period—possibly reflecting data quality issues in the different reconstructions.

  • 15.
    Liljewall, Britt
    et al.
    Göteborgs stadsmuseum.
    Flygare, Iréne A.Lange, UlrichInstitutionen för kulturvård vid Göteborgs universitet.Ljunggren, LarsSöderberg, JohanStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Agrarhistoria på många sätt: 28 studier om människan och jorden. Festskrift till Janken Myrdal på hans 60-årsdag2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den överväldigande majoriteten av alla människor har varit verksamma i arbetet med jord och skog. Än idag är detta helt nödvändigt för vår överlevnad. Idag ställs även krav på landskapets biologiska och estetiska värden. Allt talar för att vi är i stort behov av agrarhistorisk kunskap. Boken ökar vår kunskap om dess kärna - om jorden, djuren och redskapen - men även de sociala, kulturella och politiska förhållandena som påverkat jordbruket. Bokens alla författare, både svenska och utländska, gör oss medvetna om mängden av agrarhistoriska källor och metoder. denna stora antologi är tillägnad Janken Myrdal, agrarhistoriens främste representant i Sverige, som låtit de mest skiftande och överraskande källmaterial och metoder komma till användning i sitt arbete.

  • 16. Luterbacher, Jürg
    et al.
    Koenig, S.J.
    Franke, Jörg
    van der Schrier, Gerard
    Zorita, Eduardo
    Moberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Jacobeit, Jucundus
    Della-Marta, Paul M.
    Küttel, Marcel
    Xoplaki, Elena
    Wheeler, Dennis
    Rutishauser, This
    Stössel, M.
    Wanner, Heinz
    Brázdil, Rudolf
    Dobrovolný, Petr
    Camuffo, Dario
    Bertolin, Chiara
    van Engelen, Aryan
    Gonzalez-Rouco, F.J.
    Wilson, Rob
    Pfister, Christian
    Limanówka, Danuta
    Nordli, Oyvind
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Allan, Rob
    Barriendos, Mariano
    Glaser, Rüdiger
    Riemann, Dirk
    Zao, Z.
    Zerefos, C.S.
    Circulation dynamics and its influence on European and Mediterranean January–April climate over the past half millennium: results and insights from instrumental data,documentary evidence and coupled climate models2010In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 101, no 1-2, p. 201-234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use long instrumental temperature series together with available field reconstructions of sea-level pressure (SLP) and three-dimensional climate modelsimulations to analyze relations between temperature anomalies and atmospheric circulation patterns over much of Europe and the Mediterranean for the late winter/early spring (January–April, JFMA) season. A Canonical Correlation Analysis(CCA) investigates interannual to interdecadal covariability between a new gridded SLP field reconstruction and seven long instrumental temperature series covering the past 250 years. We then present and discuss prominent atmospheric circulation patterns related to anomalous warm and cold JFMA conditions within different European areas spanning the period 1760–2007. Next, using a data assimilation technique, we link gridded SLP data with a climate model (EC-Bilt-Clio) for a better dynamical understanding of the relationship between large scale circulationand European climate. We thus present an alternative approach to reconstruct climate for the pre-instrumental period based on the assimilated model simulations.Furthermore, we present an independent method to extend the dynamic circulation analysis for anomalously cold European JFMA conditions back to the sixteenth century. To this end, we use documentary records that are spatially representative for the long instrumental records and derive, through modern analogs, large-scale SLP, surface temperature and precipitation fields. The skill of the analog method is tested in the virtual world of two three-dimensional climate simulations (ECHOGand HadCM3). This endeavor offers new possibilities to both constrain climate model into a reconstruction mode (through the assimilation approach) and to better assess documentary data in a quantitative way.

  • 17.
    Moberg, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Retsö, Dag
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderlind, Ulrica
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    500 års väder i Stockholm2008In: Forskning och framsteg, ISSN ISSN 0015-7937, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 12-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En helt ny klimatkurva har forskare tagit fram ur gamla sjöfartsdokument. Kurvan sträcker sig flera hundra år längre tillbaka än temperaturmätningarna från och med mitten av 1700-talet. Den visar att de senaste två årtiondenas varmare klimat avviker från de senaste fwem seklernas.

  • 18.
    Myrdal, Janken
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Kontinuitetens dynamik: agrar ekonomi i 1500-talets Sverige1991Book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Retsö, Dag
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    The late-medieval crisis quantified: real taxes in Sweden, 1320-15502015In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article aims to assess the size of secular taxes in medieval Sweden in real terms. The size oftaxes is calculated as the quantity of butter and the number of oxen that could be bought for agiven tax sum. In addition, nominal taxes are converted into grams of silver. Three distinctiveperiods are discerned: (1) a phase of low taxes 1320–1363; (2) a period of very high taxes from1363 up to the Engelbrekt uprising in 1434; and (3) a new phase of low taxes up to the mid-16th century. A study of taxes at the regional and national levels makes it possible to evaluatethe weight of the main regions of the kingdom (including Finland) in the central fiscal system atthe end of the medieval era. A national overview of the situation around 1530 is put forward.During the period of high fiscal pressure in Sweden in the decades around 1400, taxes pertaxpayer were much higher than those of England. In the low-tax periods, on the other hand,taxes were insufficient to create a working monopoly of violence. The result was drawn-outconflict between warlords for a large part of the 15th century and well into the 16th century.

  • 20.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    A Stagnating City: Stockholm in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century2009In: Revue d’Histoire Nordique, ISSN 1778-9605, no 6-7, p. 227-246Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the first half of the nineteenth century, Stockholm experienced serious economic and demographic problems. Sweden as a whole entered a new phase of economic growth, but Stockholm was stagnating.The death rate in the capital was extremely high in comparison with most European cities. A high proportion of children were born out of wedlock. The textile industry declined, and there was little expansion in other branches of industry. Seasonal unemployment was high. On the other hand, new patterns of consumption were emerging, real wages were beginning to rise. Some measures were taken in order to reduce unemployment during winter. Fearing food riots, King Jean Baptiste initiated public works financed by private loans from him in 1817 to ease unemployment among sailors and building workers. Stockholm’s situation is discussed in a regional and comparative perspective.

  • 21.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Beauty imagined: a history of the global beauty industry2011In: Economic history review, ISSN 0013-0117, E-ISSN 1468-0289, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 704-705Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Civilisering, marknad och våld i Sverige 1750-1870: en regional analys1993Book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Den förindustriella tiden fram till 17202006In: Sverige - en social och ekonomisk historia / [ed] Hedenborg, Susanna & Morell, Mats, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 29-64Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Eli F. Heckscher's Vision of Economic Development2006In: Eli Heckscher, International Trade, and Economic History / [ed] Ronald Findley, Rolf G. Henriksson, Håkan Lindgren, Mats Lundahl, Cambridge Massachusetts; London, England: MIT Press , 2006, p. 433-455Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Grain Prices in Cairo and Europe in the Middle Ages2006In: Research in Economic History, ISSN 0363-3268, Vol. 24, p. 189-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares grain prices between Cairo and Europe during medieval times. Prices were higher and more volatile in Cairo than in Europe. Over time, price levels declined in large parts of Europe but not in Cairo.

    No price integration can be seen between the European Mediterranean region and Cairo. In north-western Europe, a cluster of urban centers showing similar price movements had emerged in the fourteenth century, at the latest. The Mediterranean area was not integrated into this network. Price integration in north-western Europe may have contributed to the economic advancement of this region in late medieval and early modern times.

    Climatic fluctuations (in temperature as well as in the water level of the Nile) affected Cairo grain prices. In Europe, on the other hand, short-term temperature variation did not have an appreciable impact on prices. Western European price integration cannot, it seems, be explained by the existence of a common climatic factor. Early European economic development was facilitated by a robust environment.

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  • 26.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Long-term trends in real wages of labourers2010In: Exchange Rates, Prices, and Wages, 1277-2008 / [ed] Edvinsson, Rodney, Tor Jacobsson & Daniel Waldenström, Stockholm: Ekerlids Förlag & Sveriges Riksbank , 2010, 1, p. 453-478Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    L’économie pré-industrielle en Suède jusqu’en 17202005In: Revue d'Histoire Nordique, ISSN ISSN 1778-9605, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 38-53-146-147Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Oceanic thirst? Food consumption in mediaeval Sweden2015In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 63, no 2, p. 135-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores data on food consumption in mediaeval Sweden and discussesthe implications with regard to living standards. The key question is whether foodconsumption was more plentiful and/or more varied during the late mediaeval erathan during the early modern epoch. Based on two mediaeval account books,from the castles of Nyköping and Stegeborg, respectively, three conclusionsemerge. (1) Compared to mid-sixteenth century royal farms and other institutions,the mediaeval accounts suggest that food consumption was less plentiful butprobably more varied. (2) Over time, the proportion of beer in the budgets tendedto grow at the expense of meat. Late mediaeval landlords were pressed bydiminishing farmland rents. Swedish as well as English data are consistent with theview that lords were able to shift food expenditure from high-cost to low-costcalories. (3) Conspicuous food consumption did not play a prominent role indefining social hierarchy at Stegeborg castle in the late fifteenth century. By themid-sixteenth century this had changed. Low social rank now gave access only tocheap beer of a quality far below that which had applied half a century before.

  • 29.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Prices and Economic Change in Medieval Sweden2007In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 128-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores relative price changes in medieval Sweden, with a focus on grain, beer, salt, oxen, butter, wax and iron. Supplementary data are provided on copper and hops. Most of these goods declined substantially in price relative to grain. The magnitude of the relative price shifts reflects technological and organisational change. Price cuts tended to be larger for goods that possessed a high knowledge content, such as iron, copper, and beer, or were involved in a more efficiently organised international trade, such as salt. This parallels the notion that north-western Europe, at least from the sixteenth century, developed a distinctive pattern of relative prices, with low prices of industrial goods and high prices of food. It is striking that Sweden, a peripheral economy of medieval Europe, exhibits these traits even before the sixteenth century. The great expansion of the European economy of the early modern period appears as a continuation of the innovations of the late medieval era.

  • 30.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Productivity in Swedish merchant shipping, 1470-18202010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Resistance to commodification: farmland prices and rents in Sweden, 1274–16492013In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 82-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long historical series of farmland prices and rents are rare, especially for the pre-industrial era. This article makes two contributions: (1) series of land prices and rents are presented for a peripheral economy of the time, East Sweden, in the period 1274–1649. Phases of decline and growth are compared to those of some other European regions; (2) the effects of certain anti-capitalist institutions on farmland prices are explored. An unanticipated trait of the Swedish series is that land prices declined during most of the sixteenth century, despite resurging population growth. Regulations aimed at counteracting the commodification of land were in effect during this period, exerting a downward pressure on prices.

  • 32.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Vår världs ekonomiska historia: Del 1, Den förindustriella tiden2015 (ed. 2)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Söderberg, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Blöndal, Sölvi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Real property prices in Stockholm, 1875-1953.2012In: Historical monetary and financial statistics for Sweden, Stockholm: Swedish Riksbank , 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Söderberg, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Svenska spannmålspriser under medeltiden i ett europeiskt perspektiv2006In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 126, no 2, p. 189-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Medieval Grain Prices in a European Perspective

    This article compares Swedish grain prices for the period 1291–1530 with European prices. All prices are expressed in grams of silver per hectolitre of grain. The analysis focuses on two aspects of the price series: the average price level and the volatility of prices. A low price level, expressed in terms of silver, is characteristic of a low-wage economy that is little monetized. High prices are typical of the advanced economies of the period. Price volatility can be seen as a welfare indicator, since great swings from year to year imply difficulties in provisioning the population.

    In a comparative perspective we should therefore expect a negative association between price level and volatility. This hypothesis is supported by the data: in Figure 5, based on 24 European price series, the correlation between price level and volatility is as strong as –.70. The advanced, high-price economies thus enjoyed greater price stability. Price volatility in Sweden was higher than in any other area studied here, which suggests a comparatively low level of welfare for those parts of the population who were not self-sufficient in grain.

    In a correlation analysis, north-west Europe stands out as a comparatively price-integrated area during medieval times. Several of the towns and regions exhibiting the strongest level of price integration are found in the Low Countries, but England and parts of Germany were also included in this area (Figure 6). In contrast, Sweden was only weakly price-integrated with north-west Europe and the North German town of Rostock.

    Finally, the article discusses the possible impact of short-run climatological variations on prices. Estimates of medieval temperature and precipitation in England correlate rather weakly with wheat yields and wheat prices, whereas correlations with grain prices are much stronger. This suggests that the observed price integration in north-west Europe may be seen mainly as the result of economic integration and not as an effect of shared variations in climate. This is a preliminary conclusion, however, since estimates of medieval temperature and precipitation are as yet uncertain.

  • 35.
    Söderberg, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Myrdal, Janken
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Bokproduktion och sekularisering 1500-1800. Agrarlitteraturen under 1700-talet som detaljexempel2012In: Människans kunskap och kunskapen om människan: en gränslös historia / [ed] Maria Wallenberg Bondesson, Orsi Husz, Janken Myrdal och Mattias Tydén, Lund: Sekel Bokförlag, 2012, p. 47-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Söderberg, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Myrdal, Janken
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    The agrarian economy of sixteenth-century Sweden2002Book (Other academic)
  • 37. Wetter, Oliver
    et al.
    Pfister, Christian
    Werner, Johannes P.
    Zorita, Eduardo
    Wagner, Sebastian
    Seneviratne, Sonia I.
    Herget, Juergen
    Gruenewald, Uwe
    Luterbacher, Juerg
    Alcoforado, Maria-Joao
    Barriendos, Mariano
    Bieber, Ursula
    Brazdil, Rudolf
    Burmeister, Karl H.
    Camenisch, Chantal
    Contino, Antonio
    Dobrovolny, Petr
    Glaser, Ruediger
    Himmelsbach, Iso
    Kiss, Andrea
    Kotyza, Oldrich
    Labbe, Thomas
    Limanowka, Danuta
    Litzenburger, Laurent
    Nordl, Oyvind
    Pribyl, Kathleen
    Retsö, Dag
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Riemann, Dirk
    Rohr, Christian
    Siegfried, Werner
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Spring, Jean-Laurent
    The year-long unprecedented European heat and drought of 1540-a worst case2014In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 125, no 3-4, p. 349-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The heat waves of 2003 in Western Europe and 2010 in Russia, commonly labelled as rare climatic anomalies outside of previous experience, are often taken as harbingers of more frequent extremes in the global warming-influenced future. However, a recent reconstruction of spring-summer temperatures for WE resulted in the likelihood of significantly higher temperatures in 1540. In order to check the plausibility of this result we investigated the severity of the 1540 drought by putting forward the argument of the known soil desiccation-temperature feedback. Based on more than 300 first-hand documentary weather report sources originating from an area of 2 to 3 million km(2), we show that Europe was affected by an unprecedented 11-month-long Megadrought. The estimated number of precipitation days and precipitation amount for Central and Western Europe in 1540 is significantly lower than the 100-year minima of the instrumental measurement period for spring, summer and autumn. This result is supported by independent documentary evidence about extremely low river flows and Europe-wide wild-, forest- and settlement fires. We found that an event of this severity cannot be simulated by state-of-the-art climate models.

  • 38. Zorita, Eduardo
    et al.
    Moberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Wilson, Rob
    Brázdil, Rudolf
    Dobrovolný, Petr
    Luterbacher, Jürg
    Böhm, Reinhard
    Pfister, Christian
    Riemann, Dirk
    Glaser, Rüdiger
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    González-Rouco, Fidel
    European temperature records of the past five centuries based on documentary/instrumental information compared to climate simulations2010In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 101, no 1-2, p. 143-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two European temperature reconstructions for the past half-millennium,January-to-April air temperature for Stockholm (Sweden) and seasonal temperaturefor a Central European region, both derived from the analysis of documentarysources and long instrumental records, are compared with the output of climate simulations with the model ECHO-G. The analysis is complemented by comparisonswith the long (early)-instrumental record of Central England Temperature(CET). Both approaches to study past climates (simulations and reconstructions)are burdened with uncertainties. The main objective of this comparative analysisis to identify robust features and weaknesses in each method which may help toimprove models and reconstruction methods. The results indicate a general agreementbetween simulations obtained with temporally changing external forcings andthe reconstructed Stockholm and CET records for the multi-centennial temperaturetrend over the recent centuries, which is not reproduced in a control simulation.This trend is likely due to the long-term change in external forcing. Additionally,the Stockholm reconstruction and the CET record also show a clear multi-decadalwarm episode peaking around AD 1730, which is absent in the simulations. Neitherthe reconstruction uncertainties nor the model internal climate variability caneasily explain this difference. Regarding the interannual variability, the Stockholmseries displays, in some periods, higher amplitudes than the simulations but thesedifferences are within the statistical uncertainty and further decrease if output froma regional model driven by the global model is used. The long-term trend of theCentral European temperature series agrees less well with the simulations. Thereconstructed temperature displays, for all seasons, a smaller difference between thepresent climate and past centuries than is seen in the simulations. Possible reasons forthese differences may be related to a limitation of the traditional ‘indexing’ techniquefor converting documentary evidence to temperature values to capture long-termclimate changes, because the documents often reflect temperatures relative to thecontemporary authors’ own perception of what constituted ‘normal’ conditions. Bycontrast, the amplitude of the simulated and reconstructed inter-annual variabilityagrees rather well.

1 - 38 of 38
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