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  • 1.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Blöndal, Sölvi
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    A price index for residential property in Stockholm, 1875–20112014Ingår i: House prices, stock returns, national accounts and the Riksband balance sheet 1620-2012: / [ed] Rodney Edvinsson, Tor Jacobson, Daniel Waldenström, Stockholm: Ekerlids förlag, 2014, s. 63-100Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Swedish Payment Systems 995–15342010Ingår i: Exchange Rates, Prices, and Wages, 1277-2008 / [ed] Edvinsson, Rodney, Tor Jacobsson, Daniel Waldenström, Stockholm: Ekerlids förlag, 2010, s. 67-132Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Väder, skördar och priser i Sverige2009Ingår i: Agrarhistoria på många sätt: 28 studier om människan och jorden. Festskrift till Janken Myrdal på hans 60-årsdag / [ed] Liljewall, Britt, Iréne A. Flygare, Ulrich Lange, Lars Ljunggren, Johan Söderberg, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och lantbruksakademien , 2009, 1, s. 115-136Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Edvinsson et al, Väder, skördar
  • 4.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    A Consumer Price Index for Sweden, 1290–20082011Ingår i: The Review of Income and Wealth, ISSN 0034-6586, E-ISSN 1475-4991, Vol. 57, nr 2, s. 270-292Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a Consumer Price Index for Sweden 1290–2008. Constructing an index that covers more than seven centuries poses conceptual and empirical problems, and demands some methodological innovations. For example, during numerous occasions the currency unit was changed, and in some periods multiple currencies were used at floating exchange rates relative to each other. This paper also presents two different price indices, one that mainly serves the purposes of estimating real prices and real wages, and another that provides a measure of inflation. While the former follows the main currency unit, the latter also takes into account that debased coins were devalued during recoinage.

  • 5.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    A Consumer Price Index for Sweden 1291-20062007Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe the construction of a Consumer Price Index for Sweden 1290-2006. The focus is not to present any new empirical material, but rather to use the very rich empirical material collected in earlier studies on the price history of Sweden to construct a price index that as far as possible use a consistent method through time. This paper also discusses some theoretical and conceptual problems in relation to constructing a historical consumer price index.

  • 6.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Prices and the Growth of the European Knowledge Economy, 1200-20072009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Edvinsson&Soderberg_KnowledgeEconomy
  • 7.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Prices and the growth of the knowledge economy in Sweden and Western Europe before the industrial revolution2011Ingår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 59, nr 3, s. 250-272Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses long-term series of real prices for various goods and services to analyse the evolution of the knowledge economy before the Industrial Revolution by focusing on Sweden in comparison with other European countries. During the early modern period, the relative price of knowledge-intensive goods and services, such as iron, paper, salt, sea transports and silver, decreased relative to a Consumer Price Index. The increased productivity levels of these goods and services were caused by increased division of labour and accelerated diffusion of knowledge. However, the real price of foodstuff tended to increase, implying that living standards declined with increased population. Early modern Western Europe acquired a peculiar price structure, characterized by low prices of industrial goods relative to the price of food. Only with the advent of industrial society could the knowledge economy escape the Malthusian entrapment.

  • 8.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    The evolution of Swedish consumer prices 1290-20082010Ingår i: Exchange Rates, Prices, and Wages, 1277-2008 / [ed] Edvinsson, Rodney, Tor Jacobsson & Daniel Waldenström, Stockholm: Ekerlids Förlag & Sveriges Riksbank , 2010, s. 412-452Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Edvinsson, Therese Nordlund
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Servants and Bourgeois Life in Urban Sweden in the Early Twentieth Century2010Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 35, nr 4, s. 427-450Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    By 1900, most Swedish servants had a rural background. They had migrated to the city from the countryside to perform domestic service in private households. Here they met bourgeois ideals of the comfortable home where the masters could demand home-cooked meals, clean clothes and pleasant surroundings. Servants were needed in order to fulfil this ideal. Yet, the number of domestic servants declined strongly in urban Sweden during the first half of the Twentieth Century. This development is often called ‘the servant crisis’. We explore the background to the scarcity of servants, the relationships between masters and servants, and the role of servants in creating economic and cultural distinctions. We analyze the various adaptations of bourgeois households to the decline of domestic servants. Qualitative sources from private letters, diaries and autobiographies are combined with quantitative evidence from censuses.

  • 10.
    Franzén, Bo
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Hus, gårdar och gatubodar: Fastighetspriser i Stockholm och Arboga 1300–16002018Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 138, nr 2, s. 227-254Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks priserna på fastigheter i Stockholm och Arboga 1300–1600. Fast egendom var den viktigaste materiella resursen i det förindustriella samhället, har trots det prisutvecklingen på fastigheter tidigare inte studerats systematiskt för någon svensk stad. Stockholm och Arboga är de städer som lämpar sig bäst för en sådan undersökning, eftersom ett rikt källmaterial i form av jordeböcker och tänkeböcker har bevarats från dem. Dessa källor registrerar priser på och värderingar av olika slag av fastigheter som gjorts i samband med köp och försäljningar. Omkring 3 000 prisnoteringar ligger till grund för uppsatsen. Här visas bland annat att priserna i Stockholm sjönk svagt på lång sikt och att nedgången var kraftigare i samband med pestepidemier.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Gustavsson, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Husz, Orsi
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Collapse of a Bourgeoisie? The Wealthy in Stockholm, 1915-19652009Ingår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 57, nr 1, s. 88-105Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the decline of the propertied bourgeoisie in Sweden in the twentieth century by analyzing data from the Stockholm Directory of Wealth reporting on private wealth in the years 1914, 1928 and 1963. Wealth tax statistics are used as complementary sources. How did the overall level of wealth change among the affluent Stockholmers during this period? Who were the wealthiest people in Stockholm and how did the social stratification withinthe richest change over time? The main results are: first, strongly declining overall mean wealth (-58 per cent) among the richest with a dramatic drop already before 1945 (thus before the expansion of the welfare state); and, second, surprisingly stable social positions among the wealthiest between 1914 and 1963, despite radical changes in society and a dramatic decline in mean wealth.

  • 12.
    Jonsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Department of Economic History2014Ingår i: Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm University: 1964-2014 / [ed] Gudrun Dahl, Mats Danielson, Stockholm: Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm University , 2014, s. 91-109Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Stockholm Winter Temperature: Index Construction2007Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 14.
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi och kvartärgeologi (INK).
    Wilson, Rob
    Moberg, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi och kvartärgeologi (INK).
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Retsö, Dag
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderlind, Ulrica
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Five centuries of Stockholm winter/spring temperatures reconstructed from documentary evidenceand instrumental observations2010Ingår i: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 101, nr 1-2, s. 109-141Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Historical documentary sources, reflecting different port activities in Stockholm, are utilised to derive a 500-year winter/spring temperature reconstruction for the region. These documentary sources reflect sea ice conditions in the harbour inlet and those series that overlap with the instrumental data correlate well with winter/spring temperatures. By refining dendroclimatological methods,the time-series were composited to a mean series and calibrated (1756–1841;r2 = 66%) against Stockholm January–April temperatures. Strong verification was confirmed (1842–1892; r2 = 60%; RE/CE = 0.55). By including the instrumental data, the quantified (QUAN) reconstruction indicates that recent two decades have been the warmest period for the last 500 years. Coldest conditions occurred during the 16th/17th and early 19th centuries. An independent qualitative (QUAL)historical index was also derived for the Stockholm region. Comparison between QUAN and QUAL shows good coherence at inter-annual time-scales, but QUAL distinctly appears to lack low frequency information. Comparison is also made to other winter temperature based annually resolved records for the Baltic region.Between proxy coherence is generally good although it decreases going back in time with the 1500–1550 period being the weakest period—possibly reflecting data quality issues in the different reconstructions.

  • 15.
    Liljewall, Britt
    et al.
    Göteborgs stadsmuseum.
    Flygare, Iréne A.Lange, UlrichInstitutionen för kulturvård vid Göteborgs universitet.Ljunggren, LarsSöderberg, JohanStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Agrarhistoria på många sätt: 28 studier om människan och jorden. Festskrift till Janken Myrdal på hans 60-årsdag2009Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den överväldigande majoriteten av alla människor har varit verksamma i arbetet med jord och skog. Än idag är detta helt nödvändigt för vår överlevnad. Idag ställs även krav på landskapets biologiska och estetiska värden. Allt talar för att vi är i stort behov av agrarhistorisk kunskap. Boken ökar vår kunskap om dess kärna - om jorden, djuren och redskapen - men även de sociala, kulturella och politiska förhållandena som påverkat jordbruket. Bokens alla författare, både svenska och utländska, gör oss medvetna om mängden av agrarhistoriska källor och metoder. denna stora antologi är tillägnad Janken Myrdal, agrarhistoriens främste representant i Sverige, som låtit de mest skiftande och överraskande källmaterial och metoder komma till användning i sitt arbete.

  • 16. Luterbacher, Jürg
    et al.
    Koenig, S.J.
    Franke, Jörg
    van der Schrier, Gerard
    Zorita, Eduardo
    Moberg, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi och kvartärgeologi (INK).
    Jacobeit, Jucundus
    Della-Marta, Paul M.
    Küttel, Marcel
    Xoplaki, Elena
    Wheeler, Dennis
    Rutishauser, This
    Stössel, M.
    Wanner, Heinz
    Brázdil, Rudolf
    Dobrovolný, Petr
    Camuffo, Dario
    Bertolin, Chiara
    van Engelen, Aryan
    Gonzalez-Rouco, F.J.
    Wilson, Rob
    Pfister, Christian
    Limanówka, Danuta
    Nordli, Oyvind
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi och kvartärgeologi (INK).
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Allan, Rob
    Barriendos, Mariano
    Glaser, Rüdiger
    Riemann, Dirk
    Zao, Z.
    Zerefos, C.S.
    Circulation dynamics and its influence on European and Mediterranean January–April climate over the past half millennium: results and insights from instrumental data,documentary evidence and coupled climate models2010Ingår i: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 101, nr 1-2, s. 201-234Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We use long instrumental temperature series together with available field reconstructions of sea-level pressure (SLP) and three-dimensional climate modelsimulations to analyze relations between temperature anomalies and atmospheric circulation patterns over much of Europe and the Mediterranean for the late winter/early spring (January–April, JFMA) season. A Canonical Correlation Analysis(CCA) investigates interannual to interdecadal covariability between a new gridded SLP field reconstruction and seven long instrumental temperature series covering the past 250 years. We then present and discuss prominent atmospheric circulation patterns related to anomalous warm and cold JFMA conditions within different European areas spanning the period 1760–2007. Next, using a data assimilation technique, we link gridded SLP data with a climate model (EC-Bilt-Clio) for a better dynamical understanding of the relationship between large scale circulationand European climate. We thus present an alternative approach to reconstruct climate for the pre-instrumental period based on the assimilated model simulations.Furthermore, we present an independent method to extend the dynamic circulation analysis for anomalously cold European JFMA conditions back to the sixteenth century. To this end, we use documentary records that are spatially representative for the long instrumental records and derive, through modern analogs, large-scale SLP, surface temperature and precipitation fields. The skill of the analog method is tested in the virtual world of two three-dimensional climate simulations (ECHOGand HadCM3). This endeavor offers new possibilities to both constrain climate model into a reconstruction mode (through the assimilation approach) and to better assess documentary data in a quantitative way.

  • 17.
    Moberg, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi och kvartärgeologi.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Retsö, Dag
    Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderlind, Ulrica
    Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    500 års väder i Stockholm2008Ingår i: Forskning och framsteg, ISSN ISSN 0015-7937, Vol. 43, nr 5, s. 12-17Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    En helt ny klimatkurva har forskare tagit fram ur gamla sjöfartsdokument. Kurvan sträcker sig flera hundra år längre tillbaka än temperaturmätningarna från och med mitten av 1700-talet. Den visar att de senaste två årtiondenas varmare klimat avviker från de senaste fwem seklernas.

  • 18.
    Myrdal, Janken
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Kontinuitetens dynamik: agrar ekonomi i 1500-talets Sverige1991Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Retsö, Dag
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    The late-medieval crisis quantified: real taxes in Sweden, 1320-15502015Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 40, nr 1, s. 1-24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article aims to assess the size of secular taxes in medieval Sweden in real terms. The size oftaxes is calculated as the quantity of butter and the number of oxen that could be bought for agiven tax sum. In addition, nominal taxes are converted into grams of silver. Three distinctiveperiods are discerned: (1) a phase of low taxes 1320–1363; (2) a period of very high taxes from1363 up to the Engelbrekt uprising in 1434; and (3) a new phase of low taxes up to the mid-16th century. A study of taxes at the regional and national levels makes it possible to evaluatethe weight of the main regions of the kingdom (including Finland) in the central fiscal system atthe end of the medieval era. A national overview of the situation around 1530 is put forward.During the period of high fiscal pressure in Sweden in the decades around 1400, taxes pertaxpayer were much higher than those of England. In the low-tax periods, on the other hand,taxes were insufficient to create a working monopoly of violence. The result was drawn-outconflict between warlords for a large part of the 15th century and well into the 16th century.

  • 20.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    A Stagnating City: Stockholm in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century2009Ingår i: Revue d’Histoire Nordique, ISSN 1778-9605, nr 6-7, s. 227-246Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    During the first half of the nineteenth century, Stockholm experienced serious economic and demographic problems. Sweden as a whole entered a new phase of economic growth, but Stockholm was stagnating.The death rate in the capital was extremely high in comparison with most European cities. A high proportion of children were born out of wedlock. The textile industry declined, and there was little expansion in other branches of industry. Seasonal unemployment was high. On the other hand, new patterns of consumption were emerging, real wages were beginning to rise. Some measures were taken in order to reduce unemployment during winter. Fearing food riots, King Jean Baptiste initiated public works financed by private loans from him in 1817 to ease unemployment among sailors and building workers. Stockholm’s situation is discussed in a regional and comparative perspective.

  • 21.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Beauty imagined: a history of the global beauty industry2011Ingår i: Economic history review, ISSN 0013-0117, E-ISSN 1468-0289, Vol. 64, nr 2, s. 704-705Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Civilisering, marknad och våld i Sverige 1750-1870: en regional analys1993Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Den förindustriella tiden fram till 17202006Ingår i: Sverige - en social och ekonomisk historia / [ed] Hedenborg, Susanna & Morell, Mats, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, s. 29-64Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 24.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Eli F. Heckscher's Vision of Economic Development2006Ingår i: Eli Heckscher, International Trade, and Economic History / [ed] Ronald Findley, Rolf G. Henriksson, Håkan Lindgren, Mats Lundahl, Cambridge Massachusetts; London, England: MIT Press , 2006, s. 433-455Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Grain Prices in Cairo and Europe in the Middle Ages2006Ingår i: Research in Economic History, ISSN 0363-3268, Vol. 24, s. 189-216Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares grain prices between Cairo and Europe during medieval times. Prices were higher and more volatile in Cairo than in Europe. Over time, price levels declined in large parts of Europe but not in Cairo.

    No price integration can be seen between the European Mediterranean region and Cairo. In north-western Europe, a cluster of urban centers showing similar price movements had emerged in the fourteenth century, at the latest. The Mediterranean area was not integrated into this network. Price integration in north-western Europe may have contributed to the economic advancement of this region in late medieval and early modern times.

    Climatic fluctuations (in temperature as well as in the water level of the Nile) affected Cairo grain prices. In Europe, on the other hand, short-term temperature variation did not have an appreciable impact on prices. Western European price integration cannot, it seems, be explained by the existence of a common climatic factor. Early European economic development was facilitated by a robust environment.

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  • 26.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Long-term trends in real wages of labourers2010Ingår i: Exchange Rates, Prices, and Wages, 1277-2008 / [ed] Edvinsson, Rodney, Tor Jacobsson & Daniel Waldenström, Stockholm: Ekerlids Förlag & Sveriges Riksbank , 2010, 1, s. 453-478Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    L’économie pré-industrielle en Suède jusqu’en 17202005Ingår i: Revue d'Histoire Nordique, ISSN ISSN 1778-9605, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 38-53-146-147Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Oceanic thirst? Food consumption in mediaeval Sweden2015Ingår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 63, nr 2, s. 135-153Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores data on food consumption in mediaeval Sweden and discussesthe implications with regard to living standards. The key question is whether foodconsumption was more plentiful and/or more varied during the late mediaeval erathan during the early modern epoch. Based on two mediaeval account books,from the castles of Nyköping and Stegeborg, respectively, three conclusionsemerge. (1) Compared to mid-sixteenth century royal farms and other institutions,the mediaeval accounts suggest that food consumption was less plentiful butprobably more varied. (2) Over time, the proportion of beer in the budgets tendedto grow at the expense of meat. Late mediaeval landlords were pressed bydiminishing farmland rents. Swedish as well as English data are consistent with theview that lords were able to shift food expenditure from high-cost to low-costcalories. (3) Conspicuous food consumption did not play a prominent role indefining social hierarchy at Stegeborg castle in the late fifteenth century. By themid-sixteenth century this had changed. Low social rank now gave access only tocheap beer of a quality far below that which had applied half a century before.

  • 29.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Prices and Economic Change in Medieval Sweden2007Ingår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 55, nr 2, s. 128-152Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores relative price changes in medieval Sweden, with a focus on grain, beer, salt, oxen, butter, wax and iron. Supplementary data are provided on copper and hops. Most of these goods declined substantially in price relative to grain. The magnitude of the relative price shifts reflects technological and organisational change. Price cuts tended to be larger for goods that possessed a high knowledge content, such as iron, copper, and beer, or were involved in a more efficiently organised international trade, such as salt. This parallels the notion that north-western Europe, at least from the sixteenth century, developed a distinctive pattern of relative prices, with low prices of industrial goods and high prices of food. It is striking that Sweden, a peripheral economy of medieval Europe, exhibits these traits even before the sixteenth century. The great expansion of the European economy of the early modern period appears as a continuation of the innovations of the late medieval era.

  • 30.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Productivity in Swedish merchant shipping, 1470-18202010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Productivity in Swedish shipping
  • 31.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Resistance to commodification: farmland prices and rents in Sweden, 1274–16492013Ingår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 61, nr 1, s. 82-99Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Long historical series of farmland prices and rents are rare, especially for the pre-industrial era. This article makes two contributions: (1) series of land prices and rents are presented for a peripheral economy of the time, East Sweden, in the period 1274–1649. Phases of decline and growth are compared to those of some other European regions; (2) the effects of certain anti-capitalist institutions on farmland prices are explored. An unanticipated trait of the Swedish series is that land prices declined during most of the sixteenth century, despite resurging population growth. Regulations aimed at counteracting the commodification of land were in effect during this period, exerting a downward pressure on prices.

  • 32.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Vår världs ekonomiska historia: Del 1, Den förindustriella tiden2015 (uppl. 2)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 33.
    Söderberg, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Blöndal, Sölvi
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Real property prices in Stockholm, 1875-1953.2012Ingår i: Historical monetary and financial statistics for Sweden, Stockholm: Swedish Riksbank , 2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Söderberg, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Svenska spannmålspriser under medeltiden i ett europeiskt perspektiv2006Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 126, nr 2, s. 189-214Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Medieval Grain Prices in a European Perspective

    This article compares Swedish grain prices for the period 1291–1530 with European prices. All prices are expressed in grams of silver per hectolitre of grain. The analysis focuses on two aspects of the price series: the average price level and the volatility of prices. A low price level, expressed in terms of silver, is characteristic of a low-wage economy that is little monetized. High prices are typical of the advanced economies of the period. Price volatility can be seen as a welfare indicator, since great swings from year to year imply difficulties in provisioning the population.

    In a comparative perspective we should therefore expect a negative association between price level and volatility. This hypothesis is supported by the data: in Figure 5, based on 24 European price series, the correlation between price level and volatility is as strong as –.70. The advanced, high-price economies thus enjoyed greater price stability. Price volatility in Sweden was higher than in any other area studied here, which suggests a comparatively low level of welfare for those parts of the population who were not self-sufficient in grain.

    In a correlation analysis, north-west Europe stands out as a comparatively price-integrated area during medieval times. Several of the towns and regions exhibiting the strongest level of price integration are found in the Low Countries, but England and parts of Germany were also included in this area (Figure 6). In contrast, Sweden was only weakly price-integrated with north-west Europe and the North German town of Rostock.

    Finally, the article discusses the possible impact of short-run climatological variations on prices. Estimates of medieval temperature and precipitation in England correlate rather weakly with wheat yields and wheat prices, whereas correlations with grain prices are much stronger. This suggests that the observed price integration in north-west Europe may be seen mainly as the result of economic integration and not as an effect of shared variations in climate. This is a preliminary conclusion, however, since estimates of medieval temperature and precipitation are as yet uncertain.

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    Franzen_Söderberg_Spannmålspriser
  • 35.
    Söderberg, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Myrdal, Janken
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Bokproduktion och sekularisering 1500-1800. Agrarlitteraturen under 1700-talet som detaljexempel2012Ingår i: Människans kunskap och kunskapen om människan: en gränslös historia / [ed] Maria Wallenberg Bondesson, Orsi Husz, Janken Myrdal och Mattias Tydén, Lund: Sekel Bokförlag, 2012, s. 47-66Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 36.
    Söderberg, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Myrdal, Janken
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    The agrarian economy of sixteenth-century Sweden2002Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 37. Wetter, Oliver
    et al.
    Pfister, Christian
    Werner, Johannes P.
    Zorita, Eduardo
    Wagner, Sebastian
    Seneviratne, Sonia I.
    Herget, Juergen
    Gruenewald, Uwe
    Luterbacher, Juerg
    Alcoforado, Maria-Joao
    Barriendos, Mariano
    Bieber, Ursula
    Brazdil, Rudolf
    Burmeister, Karl H.
    Camenisch, Chantal
    Contino, Antonio
    Dobrovolny, Petr
    Glaser, Ruediger
    Himmelsbach, Iso
    Kiss, Andrea
    Kotyza, Oldrich
    Labbe, Thomas
    Limanowka, Danuta
    Litzenburger, Laurent
    Nordl, Oyvind
    Pribyl, Kathleen
    Retsö, Dag
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Riemann, Dirk
    Rohr, Christian
    Siegfried, Werner
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Spring, Jean-Laurent
    The year-long unprecedented European heat and drought of 1540-a worst case2014Ingår i: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 125, nr 3-4, s. 349-363Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The heat waves of 2003 in Western Europe and 2010 in Russia, commonly labelled as rare climatic anomalies outside of previous experience, are often taken as harbingers of more frequent extremes in the global warming-influenced future. However, a recent reconstruction of spring-summer temperatures for WE resulted in the likelihood of significantly higher temperatures in 1540. In order to check the plausibility of this result we investigated the severity of the 1540 drought by putting forward the argument of the known soil desiccation-temperature feedback. Based on more than 300 first-hand documentary weather report sources originating from an area of 2 to 3 million km(2), we show that Europe was affected by an unprecedented 11-month-long Megadrought. The estimated number of precipitation days and precipitation amount for Central and Western Europe in 1540 is significantly lower than the 100-year minima of the instrumental measurement period for spring, summer and autumn. This result is supported by independent documentary evidence about extremely low river flows and Europe-wide wild-, forest- and settlement fires. We found that an event of this severity cannot be simulated by state-of-the-art climate models.

  • 38. Zorita, Eduardo
    et al.
    Moberg, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi och kvartärgeologi (INK).
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi och kvartärgeologi (INK).
    Wilson, Rob
    Brázdil, Rudolf
    Dobrovolný, Petr
    Luterbacher, Jürg
    Böhm, Reinhard
    Pfister, Christian
    Riemann, Dirk
    Glaser, Rüdiger
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    González-Rouco, Fidel
    European temperature records of the past five centuries based on documentary/instrumental information compared to climate simulations2010Ingår i: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 101, nr 1-2, s. 143-168Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Two European temperature reconstructions for the past half-millennium,January-to-April air temperature for Stockholm (Sweden) and seasonal temperaturefor a Central European region, both derived from the analysis of documentarysources and long instrumental records, are compared with the output of climate simulations with the model ECHO-G. The analysis is complemented by comparisonswith the long (early)-instrumental record of Central England Temperature(CET). Both approaches to study past climates (simulations and reconstructions)are burdened with uncertainties. The main objective of this comparative analysisis to identify robust features and weaknesses in each method which may help toimprove models and reconstruction methods. The results indicate a general agreementbetween simulations obtained with temporally changing external forcings andthe reconstructed Stockholm and CET records for the multi-centennial temperaturetrend over the recent centuries, which is not reproduced in a control simulation.This trend is likely due to the long-term change in external forcing. Additionally,the Stockholm reconstruction and the CET record also show a clear multi-decadalwarm episode peaking around AD 1730, which is absent in the simulations. Neitherthe reconstruction uncertainties nor the model internal climate variability caneasily explain this difference. Regarding the interannual variability, the Stockholmseries displays, in some periods, higher amplitudes than the simulations but thesedifferences are within the statistical uncertainty and further decrease if output froma regional model driven by the global model is used. The long-term trend of theCentral European temperature series agrees less well with the simulations. Thereconstructed temperature displays, for all seasons, a smaller difference between thepresent climate and past centuries than is seen in the simulations. Possible reasons forthese differences may be related to a limitation of the traditional ‘indexing’ techniquefor converting documentary evidence to temperature values to capture long-termclimate changes, because the documents often reflect temperatures relative to thecontemporary authors’ own perception of what constituted ‘normal’ conditions. Bycontrast, the amplitude of the simulated and reconstructed inter-annual variabilityagrees rather well.

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