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  • 1. Aalst, Will
    et al.
    Shaw, Michael J.Szyperski, ClemensStirna, JanisStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.Persson, Anne
    The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: first IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference (PoEM 2008), proceedings2009Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 2. Berzisa, Solvita
    et al.
    Bravos, George
    Cardona Gonzalez, Tania
    Czubayko, Ulrich
    Espana, Sergio
    Grabis, Janis
    Henkel, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Jokste, Lauma
    Kampars, Janis
    Koc, Hasan
    Kuhr, Jan-Christian
    Llorca, Carlos
    Loucopoulos, Pericles
    Juanes Pascual, Raul
    Pastor, Oscar
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Simic, Hrvoje
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Girome Valverde, Francisco
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Capability Driven Development: An Approach to Designing Digital Enterprises2015In: Business & Information Systems Engineering, ISSN 1867-0202, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 15-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for organizations to operate in changing environments is addressed by proposing an approach that integrates organizational development with information system (IS) development taking into account changes in the application context of the solution. This is referred to as Capability Driven Development (CDD). A meta-model representing business and IS designs consisting of goals, key performance indicators, capabilities, context and capability delivery patterns, is being proposed. The use of themeta-model is validated in three industrial case studies as part of an ongoing collaboration project, whereas one case is presented in the paper. Issues related to the use of the CDD approach, namely, CDD methodology and tool support are also discussed.

  • 3.
    Björck, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Henkel, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Cyber Resilience – Fundamentals for a Definition2015In: New Contributions in Information Systems and Technologies: Volume 1 / [ed] Alvaro Rocha, Ana Maria Correia, Sandor Costanzo, Luis Paulo Reis., Springer, 2015, p. 311-316Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This short paper examines the concept of cyber resilience from an organizational perspective. Cyber resilience is defined as “the ability to continuously deliver the intended outcome despite adverse cyber events”, and this definition is systematically described and justified. The fundamental building blocks of cyber resilience are identified and analyzed through the contrasting of cyber resilience against cybersecurity with regards to five central characteristics.

  • 4. Bravos, George
    et al.
    Gonzalez Cardona, Tania
    Czubayko, Ulrich
    Donath, Janet
    España, Sergio
    Grabis, Janis
    Henkel, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Jokste, Lauma
    Kampars, Janis
    Kuhr, Jan-Christian
    Loucopoulos, Pericles
    Juanes Pascual, Raul
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Valverde, Francisco
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Deliverable 1.2: Initial version of requirements specification for CDD2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The CaaS project will elaborate the Capability Driven Development (CDD) approach that will allow digital enterprises to exploit the notion of 'capability' as a means of both designing for services and with services. This deliverable defines an initial set of requirements for CDD. These requirements are provided by the industrial partners through exploration of their use cases. The goal of this deliverable is to identify potential benefits that the CaaS approach could bring to the use cases as well the features to be included the CDD methodology. The requirements are elicited from the use case partners during semi-structured interviews. They are documented in a form of goal models, actor models and concept models for each partner separately. Information documented in these models is used to define envisioned capabilities to be design and delivered during the project as well as to establish the scope of each use case. The use case scope definition focuses on use case goals, causes of capability delivery variability, capability delivery context, functions to be provided in the use case as well as potential capability delivery adjustments. The use case specific models are combined together to obtain a preliminary set of general requirements for CDD. These requirements show CDD goals, types of stakeholders, types of context and types of adjustments. The deliverable ends with concluding remarks about the partners’ expectations for CDD. The requirements for the use cases described in this deliverable will be further elaborated in the final requirements document deliverable D1.4 and will be iteratively refined during the use case elaboration performed in work packages WP2, WP3 and WP4.

  • 5.
    Bubenko, Janis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Persson, Anne
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    An Intentional Perspective on Enterprise Modeling2010In: Intentional Perspectives on Information Systems Engineering / [ed] Selmin Nurcan, Camille Salinesi, Carine Souveyet, Jolita Ralyté, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer , 2010, p. 215-238Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6. España, Sergio
    et al.
    Grabis, Jānis
    Henkel, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Koç, Hasan
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Strategies for Capability Modelling: Analysis Based on Initial Experiences2015In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: Proceedings / [ed] Anne Persson, Janis Stirna, Springer, 2015, p. 40-52Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Competitiveness and growth on an international market is for many businesses tightly coupled to their ability of quickly implementing new company strategies, business services and products or market entries. Capability management is among the approaches proposed to tackle these challenges. A feature is capturing the context of capability delivery and providing mechanisms for configuring the delivery. Among the work on capability management is the capability-driven design and delivery (CDD) approach that has been proposed by the EU-FP7 project CaaS. The aim of this paper is to contribute to CDD by (i) introducing different strategies for capability modelling, (ii) elaborating on the differences between these strategies, and (iii) contributing to an understanding of what strategy should be used under what preconditions. The paper addresses these aspects by describing the strategies and initial experiences gathered with them.

  • 7.
    Giannoulis, Constantinos
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Zikra, Iyad
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Johannesson, Paul
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    A Comparative Analysis of Enterprise Modeling Approaches for Modeling Business Strategy2013In: PoEM Short Papers 2013: Short Paper Proceedings of the 6th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference on the Practice of Enterprise Modeling (PoEM 2013) / [ed] Janis Grabis, Marite Kirikova, Jelena Zdravkovic, Janis Stirna, 2013, p. 193-204Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A gap in the alignment of business and IT lies between strategy and IS, despite the advancements of enterprise modeling. The objective of our study is to compare various enterprise modeling approaches with respect to their ability to capture and represent strategy notions. This includes identifying strategy notions from established business strategy formulations within Strategic Management, which are expressed in the Unified Business Strategy Meta Model. The interdisciplinary nature of the study constitutes a research challenge due to the significant difference on the levels of abstraction between Strategic Management and IS. To the best of our knowledge, no similar effort has been undertaken, therefore, the outcome of this study will provide the enterprise modeling community with a basis to address strategy and IS alignment linking strategic objectives and intentions to information systems.

  • 8. Grabis, Janis
    et al.
    Kirikova, MariteZdravkovic, JelenaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.Stirna, JanisStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    PoEM Short Papers 2013: Short Paper Proceedings of the 6th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference on the Practice of Enterprise Modeling (PoEM 2013)2013Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 9. Grabis, Janis
    et al.
    Kirikova, MariteZdravkovic, JelenaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.Stirna, JanisStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 6th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2013. Proceedings2013Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 10. Grabis, Janis
    et al.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Advanced Context Processing for Business Process Execution Adjustment2015In: Advanced Information System Engineering workshops (CAiSE): CAiSE 2015 International Workshops, Stockholm, Sweden, June 8-9, 2015, Proceedings / [ed] Anne Persson, Janis Stirna, Berlin: Springer, 2015, p. 15-26Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Business process execution is affected by various contextual factors. Context-aware business processes consider the contextual factors during process design and execution. There is a large variety of possible context situations and their impact on the business process is difficult to know in advance. To this end an advanced context processing to adjust business process execution is proposed. It allows flexible definition of meaningful context categories using measurable properties of the context and run-time adjustment of the categories. The adjustment is performed depending on the progress towards achieving business goals. The proposal is demonstrated by a travel management example.

  • 11. Grabis, Janis
    et al.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    In Memoriam Prof. Ģirts Vulfs and His Contribution to Information Technology as an Academic and Scientific Field in Latvia2016In: Information Technology and Management Science, E-ISSN 2255-9094, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ģirts Vulfs, Professor in Operations Research and long-time Dean of the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Riga Technical University, passed away on 31 August 2016. Throughout this career at the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, prof. Vulfs recognised the importance of making ever more complex computing technologies attainable by their users and using information technology to solve real-life problems in the business and societal context. This dedication reviews his life- story through the prism of his contribution to establishing Information Technology (IT) as an academic field in Latvia.

  • 12. Grabis, Janis
    et al.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Overview of Capability-Driven Development Methodology2018In: Capability Management in Digital Enterprises / [ed] Kurt Sandkuhl, Janis Stirna, Cham: Springer, 2018, no 1, p. 59-84Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Capability-Driven Development (CDD) methodology supports development, delivery, and management of organization and information system capabilities. This chapter presents an overview of the CDD methodology in terms of the capability meta-model; the overall capability life cycle consisting of capability design, deployment, and feedback cycles; as well as the overall use of the CDD Environment. The way of working with CDD is illustrated with a simple example case from the travel management domain.

  • 13. Grabis, Jānis
    et al.
    Henkel, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kampars, Jānis
    Koç, Hasan
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Stamer, Dirk
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Valverde, Francisco
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    CaaS Deliverable 5.3: The Final Version of Capability Driven Development Methodology2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall objective of the CaaS project is to create an integrated approach consisting of methods, tools and reusable best practices that allow digital enterprises to take advantage of changes in business context and technologies. This deliverable primarily contributes to CaaS Objective 1, namely, “to elaborate a methodology and supporting methods for Capability Driven Development (CDD) which is adopted by the industrial partners involved in the project and their customers”. To this end the deliverable presents the final version of the CDD methodology, which consists of a number of method components supporting different aspects of the CDD process. More specifically, methodology components addressing capability design, enterprise and business process modelling, context modelling, supporting reuse, as well as adjusting capability delivery at run-time have been developed. Furthermore, there is a method component supporting the decision making about whether or not CDD is suitable and how to get started. The methodology also includes method extensions for specific application domains, namely business process outsourcing, collaborative software development and project management office. The deliverable reflects the modular and incremental approach to methodology engineering and documentation in CaaS, which is manifested in the methodology components and extensions. The modularity allows for the users to focus only on those parts of the methodology that are needed for their work. The CDD methodology is described from three conceptual aspects – (1) The modelling languages in terms of concepts and notations used to represent the modelling product, i.e. the models and capability designs created. (2) The way of working, the procedures and tools used, in order to arrive at a capability design that fits organization’s needs, i.e. the modelling process. (3) The technical foundation and formal definition of algorithms for run-time adjustments of capabilities. The deliverable also includes extensive examples of capability design, context modelling and run-time adjustments. These examples are meant to support understanding and selection of the method components.

  • 14. Grabis, Jānis
    et al.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Jokste, Lauma
    Validation of Capability Modeling Concepts: A Dialogical Approach2018In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: Proceedings / [ed] Raimundas Matulevičius, Remco Dijkman, Springer, 2018, p. 5-14Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Involvement of potential users in early stages of elaboration of development methods is needed for successful method adoption in practice. This paper reports on activities of introduction and assessment of the Capability Driven Development (CDD) methodology with a group of industry representatives. This was performed in an interactive workshop and the main evaluation objectives were to assess the relevance of the CDD concepts and their recognizability as well as to identify potential use cases for CDD application. A dialogical approach was used to convey the CDD methodology to the participants and to entice discussions. The main findings are that the participants easily recognized the modeling constructs for capability design. They found that adjustments are particularly useful for the purpose of identification capability steering actions. The use cases described by the participants were later formalized as capability models.

  • 15. Groissböck, M.
    et al.
    Stadler, M.
    Siddiqui, Afzal
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Heydari, N.
    Henkel, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Lopez, E.
    Moguerza, J.
    Perea, E.
    Optimizing Distributed Energy Resources, Passive Measures, and the daily Operation at Campus Pinkafeld2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Building managers and operators as at Campus Pinkafeld are interested in a cost optimal fulfilment of their energy needs. From a strategic point of view they are interested in optimal investments and upgrades. From an operative point of view they are interested in an optimal use of all available resources. This paper shows how the decision support system (DSS) of the project Energy Efficiency and Risk Management in Public Buildings (EnRiMa) will help with this challenges and the integration of the DSS with the existing energy management system (EMS) is one of the key issues for a successful project. The strategic DSS will inform the building owner about possible new technologies that might reduce the total building energy costs or environmental impact. The benefit of an operational DSS is to enable the building operator to use already adopted energy efficiency improving technologies as pre-cooling, pre-heating or any other demand response related tasks to decrease costs and emissions caused by the heating and cooling system of the building. Assuming an upper and lower limit for the room temperature, we model the effect of active equipment control (via changes to either the set point or the valve flow) on the zone temperature taking into account the external temperature, solar gains, the building shell, and internal loads. The energy required to change the zone temperature in each time period is then used to calculate the energy cost or efficiency in the objective function of an optimization problem. This paper reports on example results for Campus Pinkafeld, shows the technical approach, and that such a flexible approach can save 10% costs only on an operational level.

  • 16. Gómez Álvarez, Manuel
    et al.
    Egido Mayordomo, Juan Carlos
    González Cardona, Tania
    Henkel, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    CDD Exploitation Lines2018In: Capability Management in Digital Enterprises / [ed] Kurt Sandkuhl, Janis Stirna, Cham: Springer, 2018, no 1, p. 371-384Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Capability-Driven Development (CDD) approach consists of both methods and tools for the analysis and design of capability-based solutions. CDD is openly published and ready to be used by any organization interested in it. For organizations applying CDD, there are benefits such as increased flexibility and the ability to leverage the potential of model-based development of information systems. However, the use of CDD also opens up business opportunities for those organizations skilled in offering services based on CDD, such as educators and implementation consultants. In this chapter, we outline five exploitation lines that each present a business opportunity in terms of a potential value offering, a potential market, and the needed success factors for realizing the business opportunities. Each line represents a potential path that organizations skilled in CDD can take in order to exploit their skills. For each line, we furthermore point out the need and benefits of supporting the standard framework and tools.

  • 17.
    Henkel, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Groissböck, Markus
    Stadler, Michael
    Supporting Energy Efficiency Decisions with IT: Initial Experiences from the EnRiMa Project2013In: Perspectives in Business Informatics Research: 12th International Conference, BIR 2013. Proceedings / [ed] Andrzej Kobyliński, Andrzej Sobczak, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, p. 315-326Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IT solutions can aid decision makers in making informed decisions that lower the energy consumption in buildings. However, in order to design and implement an IT solution there are a number of issues that need to be resolved, for example, adequately handling sometimes contradicting goals of the decision makers and integrating the Decision Support System with the existing building IT infrastructure in the form of building management systems. In this paper we report on our initial experiences from implementing a decision support system for the management of energy consumption in public buildings. The experiences are based on our work with the EnRiMa project that aims to develop a state-of art decision support system for lowering the energy consumption and CO2 emissions of public buildings. We divide our experiences into two areas, namely, business concerns and software architectural, and provide our initial solutions and lessons learned with respect to these areas. Furthermore, we discuss a number of challenges for future work in the area of IT support for energy efficiency.

  • 18.
    Henkel, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Makowski, Marek
    Ren, Hongtao
    Kaut, Michal
    Werner, Adrian
    Hellemo, Lars
    Lopez Cano, Emilio
    Groissböck, Markus
    Stadler, Michael
    Deliverable 5.1: Draft specifications for services and tools2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This deliverable specifies the architecture for services and tools to be used within the EnRiMa project in the construction of the EnRiMa Decision Support System (DSS). The architecture describes the main software modules of the DSS and their relations. Furthermore, the type of services provided by each module is specified as well as the tools to be used for their construction.This deliverable consists of two main parts: Part I, the system architecture specification, describes the main modules of the system, their responsibilities within the architecture as well as their inbound and outbound information flows. Part II, the system technical design specification, details how the system modules will interact in order to fulfill the business requirements.

  • 19.
    Henkel, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Stratigaki, Christina
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Loucopoulos, Pericles
    Zorgios, Yannis
    Migiakis, Antonis
    CaaS Deliverable 3.3: Context aware collaborative software development case validation report for the CaaS approach2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This deliverable reports on the validation of the CDD method and CDD environment tools done by applying them in the CLMS use case as part of WP3. The validation addresses four areas. Firstly, the use case goals (defined in D3.2) are revised and their fulfilment is examined. Secondly, questionnaires have been used to examine the CDD methods usefulness, ease of use, ease of transfer and the user’s intention to use the method. Similarly, questionnaires has been used to evaluate the CDD environment in the form the of CDT, CPP and CNA tools. Thirdly, a use case checklist has been produced that describe the current state of the implementation. Fourth, experiences and points for improvements have been documented based on the work within the use case. The validation has shown that the CDD methodology and tools have been successfully used in the use case. The use case goals have been met, either by means of the implementation done with the CDD environment, or indirectly by the use of the CDD methodology. Even though the CDD methodology and environment used in the case was not the final ones, the questionnaires show that the CDD methodology and environment have been used and are deemed of high usefulness in the case. Points for future improvement have been documented for both the method and tools. To some extent the special needs of method components have been covered by method extensions already suggested by the WP3 participants. The use case checklist shows that support for the three identified capabilities has been implemented with the use of the CDD environment components, namely, CDT, CCP and CNA.

  • 20.
    Henkel, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Stratigaki, Christina
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Loucopoulos, Pericles
    Zorgios, Yannis
    Migiakis, Antonis
    Extending Capabilities with Context Awareness2016In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: CAiSE 2016 International Workshops, Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 13-17, 2016, Proceedings / [ed] John Krogstie, Haralambos Mouratidis, Jianwen Su, Springer, 2016, p. 40-51Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations have the need to continuously adjust their capabilities to changes in the business context. If existing IT systems and associated development methods does not support this adjustment they need to be changed to do so. However, there exist specialized methods and tools that allow the design, and run-time monitoring of context information. In this paper an approach that allows existing systems to be extended with the management of context information is presented. The approach allows organizations to analyze the potential effect and effort of combing existing systems and tools with specialized tools that handle context information. The purpose of providing means for the integrated use of existing systems and specialized tools is to leverage the strength of both. The approach in grounded in and illustrated by a case of industrial symbiosis.

  • 21. Kampars, Janis
    et al.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    A Repository for Pattern Governance Supporting Capability Driven Development2017In: Joint Proceedings of the BIR 2017 pre-BIR Forum, Workshops and Doctoral Consortium co-located with 16th International Conference on Perspectives in Business Informatics Research (BIR 2017) / [ed] Björn Johansson, CEUR-WS.org , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patterns have a great potential for improving various aspects of Information System (IS) designs by reuse. While they have been routinely used for conveying reusable design solutions in books and knowledge repositories, there is an ongoing debate about their impact in practice. This is due to the fact that insufficient efforts are devoted to elaborating effective solutions for eliciting and documenting patterns, evaluating them, tracing IS designs back to the applied patterns, and assisting the designer in choosing the right pattern in a given contextual situation. These tasks need to be supported by advanced pattern repositories that are able to manage patterns at runtime. The article presents the usage of a Capability Pattern Repository (CPR) in support of an approach for design and delivery of context dependent IS, namely, Capability Driven Development (CDD). The CPR together with CDD provides a tool and a method that support pattern governance for addressing both the design and run-time of IS. The described approach is not bound to CDD and can be adapted to support different types of patterns and development methodologies.

  • 22. Kirikova, Marite
    et al.
    Stirna, JanisStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    CAiSE Forum 2012: Proceedings of the CAiSE'12 Forum at the 24th International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering (CAiSE), Gdańsk, Poland, June 25-29, 20122012Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    CAiSE 2012 was the 24th in the series of International Conferences on Advanced Information System Engineering. The theme of CAiSE 2012 is Information Services. The CAiSE Forum 2012 is a place within the CAiSE conference for presenting and discussing new ideas and tools related to information systems engineering. Intended to serve as an interactive platform, the Forum aims at the presentation of fresh ideas, emerging new topics, controversial positions, as well as demonstration of innovative systems, tools and applications. The proceedings represent a collection of 22 excellent short research papers and demos.

  • 23. Koç, Hasan
    et al.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kuhr, Jan-Christian
    Capability as a Service: Method and Tool Support for Context-Aware Business Services2018In: International Journal of Information Systems in the Service Sector, ISSN 1935-5688, E-ISSN 1935-5696, Vol. 10, no 3, article id 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern enterprises have to respond to the challenge of changing competitive situations by being able to adapt their business models and the supporting IT systems. Service-orientation and cloud computing offer established approaches for achieving flexibility in the use of computing resources and sourcing strategies. This requires promoting systematic development and management of capabilities to key activities. To ease the adaptation of business services to changed business needs a complementary abstraction layer, namely, “Capability as a Service” (CaaS) should be considered. The primary purpose of this layer is to support the capture and representation of the factors that are decisive for flexibility in business services. The main contributions of this paper are (1) motivating the additional capability-focused abstraction layer by an industrial application case, (2) the concept of CaaS including methodical aspects and technology for delivery, and (3) an initial model of capabilities for the industrial application case from utilities sector.

  • 24. Lundqvist, Magnus
    et al.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Method Requirements for Information Demand Analysis2008In: Communications of SIWN, Vol. 3, p. 15-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25. Persson, Anne
    et al.
    Stirna, JanisStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Advanced Information Systems Engineering: Proceedings2004Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering, CAiSE 2004, held in Riga, Latvia in June 2004.

    The 39 revised full papers presented together with 2 abstracts of invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 160 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on enterprise modeling, data integration, conceptual modeling, workflows, methodologies for IS development, databases, methodologies for IS development, databases, support for collaboration between individuals and organizsations, Web-based systems, requirements engineering, ontologies, and data warehousing.

  • 26. Persson, Anne
    et al.
    Stirna, JanisStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: CAiSE 2015 International Workshops, Stockholm, Sweden, June 8-9, 2015, Proceedings2015Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of seven international workshops held in Stockholm, Sweden, in conjunction with the 27th International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering, CAiSE 2015, in June 2015.

    The 38 full and nine short papers were carefully selected from 107 submissions.

    The workshops were the Second International Workshop on Advances in Services Design based on the Notion of Capability (ASDENCA), the Third International Workshop on Cognitive Aspects of Information Systems Engineering (COGNISE), the First International Workshop on Digital Business Innovation and the Future Enterprise Information Systems Engineering (DiFenSE), the First International Workshop on Enterprise Modeling (EM), the First Workshop on the Role of Real-World Objects in Business Process Management Systems (RW-BPMS), the 10th International Workshop on Trends in Enterprise Architecture Research (TEAR), and the 5th International Workshop on Information Systems Security Engineering (WISSE).

  • 27. Persson, Anne
    et al.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Organizational Adoption of Enterprise Modeling Methods – Experience Based Recommendations2014In: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling / [ed] Frank, U., Pastor, O., Loucopoulos, P., Petrounias, I, Springer , 2014, p. 179-182Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations normally begin using Enterprise Modeling (EM) within the context of a development project of some sort, where an outside vendor and/or consultant provide the method and related IT tool usage competence. If an organization uses EM sufficiently frequently it may be motivated to develop in-house EM competence and to acquire and adopt an EM method. The paper is an experience paper. It defines what it means to adopt an EM method in an organization and describes the process of adopting and institutionalizing EM as an organizational strategy to support continuous improvement and development. The process consists of three activities: deciding that an EM method should be adopted as part of the organization’s set of institutionalized methods, electing a suitable method and implementing the method.

  • 28. Persson, Anne
    et al.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: second IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference (PoEM 2009), proceedings2009Book (Other academic)
  • 29. Sandkuhl, Kurt
    et al.
    Koc, Hasan
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Capability-as-a-Service: towards Context-aware Business Services2014In: Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference Workshops and Demonstrations (EDOCW), 2014 IEEE 18th International, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, p. 324-332Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In industrial areas with a highly competitive environment all enterprise functions are expected to contribute to efficient operations and an economic cost structure. Service-orientation and cloud computing offer approaches to achieve more efficiency in the use of computing resources and more flexibility with respect to outsourcing strategies. The systematic management of the capabilities of an enterprise, which often are reflected in the business services offered to customers and the technical services associated to them, is emerging into a key activity for achieving efficiency, which would require to move from business process or software as a service (BPaaS, SaaS) to capabilities as a service (CaaS). In order to facilitate Capability management, we propose business service design explicitly considering delivery context by an approach that supports modeling both, the service as such and the application context. The main contributions of this paper are (1) an industrial case offering platform, software and business as a services and motivating another abstraction layer, (2) the concept of Capability-as-a-Service including methodical aspects and technology for delivery, and (3) an initial model for capabilities for the industrial case, i.e. a feasibility study.

  • 30. Sandkuhl, Kurt
    et al.
    Koc, Hasan
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Context-aware Business Services: Technological Support for Business and IT-Alignment2014In: Business Information Systems Workshops / [ed] Witold Abramowicz, Angelika Kokkinaki, Springer, 2014, p. 190-201Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Efficient value creation and service delivery processes are considered as the key factor to competitiveness in a globalized market environment. This paper focuses on a specific aspect of business and IT alignment: the adaptation of business services to new business needs, i.e. the focus is on services offered to customers of an enterprise rather than on the enterprise IT as whole. The systematic management of the capabilities of an enterprise, which often are reflected in the business services offered to customers and the technical services associated to them, is emerging into a key activity for achieving efficiency. In order to facilitate capability management, we propose business service design explicitly considering delivery context by an approach that supports modeling both, the service as such and the application context. The main contributions of this paper are (1) the analysis of business & IT alignment needs in an industrial case of business process outsourcing introduction, (b) the concept of context- based business services as contribution to capability management, and (c) an example for context and business service models.

  • 31. Sandkuhl, Kurt
    et al.
    Seigerroth, UlfStirna, JanisStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    PoEM Short Papers 2012: Emerging Topics in the Practice of Enterprise Modeling: Short Paper Proceedings of the 5th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference on the Practice of Enterprise Modeling2012Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PoEM 2012 — the 5th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference on the Practice of Enterprise Modelling — took place in November 2012 in Rostock, Germany. The focus of the PoEM conference series is on improving the understanding of the practice of EM by offering a forum for sharing experiences and knowledge between the academic community and practitioners from industry and the public sector. This proceedings present 11 papers addressing emerging topics in Enterprise Modeling.

  • 32.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    et al.
    University of Rostock, .
    Seigerroth, UlfJönköping University, .Stirna, JanisStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 5th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2012, Rostock, Germany, November 7-8, 2012, Proceedings2012Conference proceedings (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 5th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference on the Practice of Enterprise Modeling, held in Rostock, Germany, during November 7-8, 2012. The focus of the PoEM conference series is on improving the understanding of the practice of enterprise modeling by offering a forum for sharing experiences and knowledge between the academic community and practitioners from industry and the public sector. The 15 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 45 submissions, and reflect different facets of enterprise modeling, including organizational and social issues as well as methodological and technical aspects. The papers are organized in five thematic sessions on enterprise modeling, business modeling, process modeling, enterprise architecture, and model-driven development.

  • 33. Sandkuhl, Kurt
    et al.
    Stirna, JanisStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Capability Management in Digital Enterprises2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Putting capability management into practice requires both a solid theoretical foundation and realistic approaches. This book introduces a development methodology that integrates business and information system development and run-time adjustment based on the concept of capability by presenting the main findings of the CaaS project – the Capability-Driven Development (CDD) methodology, the architecture and components of the CDD environment, examples of real-world applications of CDD, and aspects of CDD usage for creating business value and new opportunities. Capability thinking characterizes an organizational mindset, putting capabilities at the center of the business model and information systems development. It is expected to help organizations and in particular digital enterprises to increase flexibility and agility in adapting to changes in their economic and regulatory environments. Capability management denotes the principles of how capability thinking should be implemented in an organization and the organizational means. This book is intended for anyone who wants to explore the opportunities for developing and managing context-dependent business capabilities and the supporting business services. It does not require a detailed understanding of specific development methods and tools, although some background knowledge and experience in information system development is advisable. The individual chapters have been written by leading researchers in the field of information systems development, enterprise modeling and capability management, as well as practitioners and industrial experts from these fields.

  • 34. Sandkuhl, Kurt
    et al.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Capability Thinking2018In: Capability Management in Digital Enterprises / [ed] Kurt Sandkuhl, Janis Stirna, Cham: Springer, 2018, no 1, p. 1-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Capability thinking characterizes an organizational mindset. It puts capabilities in focus of the business model and information systems development. Capability thinking is expected to help organizations and in particular digital enterprises increase flexibility and agility in adapting to changes in their economic and regulatory environments. Capability management denotes the principles and organizational means of how capability thinking should be implemented in an organization. This book is devoted to capability management in digital enterprises, and the capability-driven development (CDD) methodology in particular. This chapter introduces the basic principles of capability thinking, such as the business needs for context-dependent and adaptable business solutions, key aspects of capability thinking, capability management life cycle, and the principle of method component used to structure the CDD methodology. The chapter is rounded up with a presentation of the rest of chapters in this book.

  • 35. Sandkuhl, Kurt
    et al.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Capability-as-a-Service: Investigating the Innovation Potential from a Business Model Perspective2015In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: Proceedings / [ed] Anne Persson, Janis Stirna, Springer, 2015, p. 137-148Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Capability management is expected to contribute to a new level of productivity in developing and deploying IT-based business services offered by digital enterprises to their customers. Work on capability management so far emphasizes the technology perspective of capability design and delivery. The paper addresses the question of what is the potential of capability management with respect to business model innovation by considering a case study from business process outsourcing as an example. The aim is to apply an established business model conceptualization as a framework for analyzing the case study and to compare the possibility of identifying business innovations with and without defined capability characteristics.

  • 36. Sandkuhl, Kurt
    et al.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Organizational Adoption of Capability Management2018In: Capability Management in Digital Enterprises / [ed] Kurt Sandkuhl, Janis Stirna, Cham: Springer, 2018, no 1, p. 209-230Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of capability management into an enterprise and establishment of a supporting organization structure, like in many other management approaches, affect different parts of the enterprise and require careful preparation. In general, the first recommended step is to evaluate suitability of capability thinking and the capability management approach. This chapter describes criteria that suggest favorable and unfavorable organizational situations for introducing capability management. Furthermore, pitfalls, limitations, and when and how not to use capability management are discussed. If the decision in favor of a capability management introduction was made, the next choice is between two principal ways of applying capability management, which are also described in this chapter: (1) Project-oriented use of Capability-Driven Development (CDD) assumes that capability management is used only for clearly identifiable parts of an organization, e.g., for certain business services. (2) Establishment of capability management in the regular organization structure prepares the whole enterprise or at least certain units for the long-term use of capability management. Here, the approaches “all-do-some” (ADS) and “some-do-all” (SDA) are presented.

  • 37. Sandkuhl, Kurt
    et al.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Persson, Anne
    Wißotzki, Matthias
    Enterprise modeling: tackling business challenges with the 4EM method2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprises are such complex systems with their different organizational units and people working in the enterprise, with workflows and production pro- cesses, products and services offered to different customer groups, supplies and business partners, IT systems and production resources, etc. This book is about Enterprise Modeling, a technique that helps to capture the different elements and structures of an enterprise as well as to visualize the inter-dependencies between the elements. Enterprise Modeling can be used for a multitude of different purpos- es, like visualizing the current situation, analyzing the reasons for shortcomings or problems, developing strategies for business or IT, optimizing processes or setting up new co-operations with other enterprises. Enterprise Modeling offers a practical and flexible set of work procedures, tools and practices, which can be adapted to the situation at hand and to the pur- pose in focus. One of the main purposes of this book is to provide a “guide for ac- tion”, i.e. practical advice for how to address challenges in enterprises which can be solved or supported with Enterprise Modeling. The methods, tools and practic- es provided by the book are rooted in experience from many industrial modeling projects, but they also have a solid theoretical foundation from research in the field.

  • 38.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    et al.
    University of Rostock.
    Wißotzki, Matthias
    University of Rostock.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Unternehmensmodellierung: Grundlagen, Methoden und Praktiken2013Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Bei der Unternehmensmodellierung wird das Ziel verfolgt, die wichtigsten Komponenten von Organisationen sowie deren Relationen zueinander in geeigneten Modellen abzubilden. Die Unternehmensmodellierung findet in der Praxis Verwendung bei einer Vielzahl strategischer und operativer Aufgaben in Unternehmen, u.a. bei der Aufnahme und Visualisierung der aktuellen Abläufe, Strukturen und Produkte sowie deren Zusammenhänge, der Erarbeitung und Konkretisierung einer Unternehmensstrategie und insbesondere der IT – Strategie, der Ermittlung des Veränderungsbedarfs im Fall operativer Probleme sowie der Vorbereitung der Einführung von Informationssystemen mit Fokus auf Anforderungsanalyse und Sollkonzept. Die Autoren erläutern die Grundlagen der Unternehmensmodellierung anhand einer konkreten Methode („Kochbuch“). Insbesondere die unterschiedlichen Perspektiven auf ein Unternehmen und ihre Bedeutung (d.h. Prozesse, Organisation, Produkte, IT –Architektur, Strategie u.a.), Analysetechniken und der Umgang mit den Beteiligten in dem Unternehmen, grundlegende Begriffe und Einsatzzwecke sowie Qualität und Möglichkeiten zur Analyse von Unternehmensmodellen werden dargestellt.

  • 39. Stadler, Michael
    et al.
    Groissböck, Markus
    Siddiqui, Afzal
    Heydari, Somayeh
    Henkel, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Perea, Eugenio
    Optimal Energy use in Public Buildings, (Optimierter Energiverbrauch in öffentlichen Gebäuden)2012In: Austrian’s specialized trade journal for heating, ventilation, and cooling (HLK), ISSN 0733-9402, Vol. 43, p. 88-90Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    A Comparative Analysis of Concepts for Capability Design Used in Capability Driven Development and the NATO Architecture Framework2017In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: CAISE 2017 International Workshops, Essen, Germany, June 12–16, 2017, Proceedings / [ed] Andreas Metzger, Anne Persson, Springer, 2017, p. 27-38Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently an approach for information system design and delivery according to run-time context has been developed. It uses the concept of capability to express the organization’s ability and capacity that enables it to achieve a business goal in a certain context, and hence is denoted Capability Driven Development (CDD). The concept of capability has also been used in other approaches because it facilitates business investment focus, it can be used as a baseline for business planning, and it directly leads to service specification and design. For example, several Enterprise Architecture frameworks have included capability as a key concept for analyzing organization’s abilities to deliver desired functions. A notable contribution in this area is The NATO Architecture Framework (NAF), which aims at being a de facto standard for organizations operating in the areas of NATO. This paper analyses the possibilities of mapping the CDD concepts to NAF concepts that are relevant for capability design.

  • 41.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Capability Driven Development of Context-aware Enterprise Applications – Challenges, Approach and Experiences2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprises are facing the need to adapt their businesses according to various situations in which their applications need to be used. To answer this challenge an EU FP7 project “Capability as a Service in digital enterprises” (CaaS) has been initiated. The aim of CaaS is to support the capture and analysis of changing business context in the design of information systems (IS) using the capability notion. Capability is seen as the ability and capacity that enables an enterprise to achieve a business goal in a certain context. The key rationale behind a capability driven approach is to capture the dependence of organizational and IS designs on application context and to provide explicit support for run-time adjustments according to changes in the application situation. The CaaS project is developing a methodology and a tool environment for capability driven development. We envision to further advance the service oriented paradigm and to develop context aware business capabilities by using Enterprise Modelling techniques as a starting point of the development process, capability design patterns for reuse of best practices, as well as composition of required capabilities and algorithms for run-time adjustment. This talk will address the main principles of the capability driven development methodology, as well as present the current experiences of capability design in three use case companies of the CaaS project – SIV AG (Germany) for business process outsourcing, Fresh T Limited (UK) for compliance management, and Everis (Spain) for capability management in e-government platforms.

  • 42.
    Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Lessons from Facilitating Participatory Enterprise Modeling2018In: Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Enterprise Modeling and Information Systems Architectures / [ed] Michael Fellmann, Kurt Sandkuhl, CEUR-WS.org , 2018, p. 5-5Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprise Modeling (EM) has become a widespread activity in enterprises. Strategy development, business process mapping, requirements engineering, product development, enterprise architecture management, information system design are just a few examples of organizational activities that benefit from a model-based way of working and knowledge representation in the form of models. EM helps addressing organizational development from a number of perspectives, such, strategy (goals, challenges, opportunities, capabilities), business operations (processes, actors, resources), information (business concepts, products), information technology (requirements, components), etc. However, to develop efficient solutions and to ensure their fit in the organization all of these perspectives need to be analyzed in an integrated way. Furthermore, EM activities often require involving groups of people, i.e. the models are created in a participatory way. To be efficient, such participatory EM sessions need the support of dedicated persons who know how to organize a modeling project and modeling sessions, how to manage discussions during a modeling session, and what aspects influence the success and efficiency of modeling in practice. This talk will address a number of lessons learned from managing modeling projects and facilitating participatory EM sessions. More specifically, we will focus on the critical success aspects of the EM process, stereotypes of actor behavior in modeling sessions and modeling projects, as well as, patterns and anti-patterns of EM project management.

  • 43.
    Stirna, Janis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Grabis, Janis
    Henkel, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Capability Driven Development – an Approach to Support Evolving Organizations2012In: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 5th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2012. Proceedings / [ed] Kurt Sandkuhl, Ulf Seigerroth, Janis Stirna, Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, p. 117-131Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for organizations to operate in changing environments is addressed by proposing an approach that integrates organizational development with information system (IS) development taking into account changes in the application context of the solution – Capability Driven Development (CDD). A meta-model for representing business and IS designs consisting of goals, key performance indicators, capabilities, context and capability delivery patterns, has been proposed. The use of meta-model is exemplified by a case from the energy efficiency domain. A number of issues related to use of the CDD approach, namely, capability delivery application, CDD methodology, and tool support also are discussed.

  • 44.
    Stirna, Janis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Persson, Anne
    Enterprise Modeling: Facilitating the Process and the People2018Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book offers practical advice on managing enterprise modeling (EM) projects and facilitating participatory EM sessions. Modeling activities often involve groups of people, and models are created in a participatory way. Ensuring that this is done efficiently requires dedicated individuals who know how to organize modeling projects and sessions, how to manage discussions during these sessions, and what aspects influence the success and efficiency of modeling in practice. The book also includes a summary of the theoretical background to EM, although participatory modeling can also be used in conjunction with other methods that are not made for EM, such as those made for goal-oriented requirements engineering and information systems analysis. The first four chapters present an overview of enterprise modeling from various viewpoints (including methods, processes and organizational challenges), providing a background for those that need to refresh their basic knowledge. The next six chapters form the core of the book and detail the roles and competences needed in an EM project, typical stakeholder behaviors and how to handle them, tools and methods for managing participatory modeling and facilitation, and how to train modeling experts for these social aspects of modeling. Lastly, a concluding chapter presents a summary and an outlook on current research in participatory EM. This book is intended for anybody who wants to learn more about how to facilitate participatory modeling in practice and how to set up and carry out EM projects. It does not require any in-depth knowledge about specific EM methods and tools, and can be used by students and lecturers for courses on participatory modeling, and by practitioners wanting to extend their knowledge of social and organizational topics to become an experienced facilitator and EM project manager.

  • 45.
    Stirna, Janis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Persson, Anne
    Evolution of an Enterprise Modeling Method – Next Generation Improvements of EKD2012In: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 5th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2012. Proceedings / [ed] Kurt Sandkuhl, Ulf Seigerroth, Janis Stirna, Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, p. 1-15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of Enterprise Modeling (EM) consists of many methods and method development is one of the key activity areas of EM practitioners and researchers. This paper ponders on future improvements for one EM method, namely Enterprise Knowledge Development (EKD). A number of improvements to the EKD method are identified and discussed, based on empirical observations. The improvements fall into four categories: the modeling language, the modeling process, tool support, and other improvements. The paper can be seen as a step towards a new and improved version of EKD.

  • 46.
    Stirna, Janis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Persson, Anne
    Purpose Driven Competency Planning for Enterprise Modeling Projects2012In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering: 24th International Conference, CAiSE 2012. Proceedings / [ed] Jolita Ralyté, Xavier Franch, Sjaak Brinkkemper, Stanisław Wrycza, Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, p. 662-677Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much of the success of projects using Enterprise Modeling (EM) depends more on the quality of the process of modeling rather than on the method used. One important influence on the quality of the modeling process is the competency level of the experts responsible for the EM approach. Each EM project is, however, specific depending on the purpose of modeling, such as developing the business, ensuring the quality of business operations, and using EM as a problem solving tool. The objective of this paper is to discuss the core competency needs for the EM practitioner and to relate those needs to different purposes of EM.

  • 47.
    Stirna, Janis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Persson, Anne
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Participative Enterprise Modelling: Experiences and Recommendations2007In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering, 19th International Conference, CAiSE 2007, Trondheim, Norway, June 11-15, 2007, Proceedings. / [ed] John Krogstie, Andreas L. Opdahl, Guttorm Sindre, Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer , 2007, p. 546-560Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to report a set of experiences of applying participative enterprise modeling in different organizational contexts. While the authors have successfully applied the approach in many organizations, the paper primarily concentrates on three cases. On the basis of these experiences the paper presents a set of generic principles for applying participative enterprise modeling.

  • 48.
    Stirna, Janis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    An Outlook on Patterns as an Aid for Business and IT Alignment with Capabilities2014In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: Proceedings, Springer, 2014, p. 148-158Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patterns have established themselves as a useful and practicable instrument for capturing reusable solutions to reoccurring problems in a multitude of domains. This paper discusses three cases of pattern application – at Riga City Council, Kongsberg Automotive, and Proton Engineering, An outlook on how pattern based approaches should be developed to support business and IT alignment and the concept of capability as means to deliver context dependent organizational solutions is also presented.

  • 49.
    Stirna, Janis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Enterprise Modelling: Establishing the Fundament for Capability Management2018In: Capability Management in Digital Enterprises / [ed] Kurt Sandkuhl, Janis Stirna, Cham: Springer, 2018, no 1, p. 85-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprise Modelling (EM) is an activity where an integrated model describing different aspects of an enterprise is created. An enterprise model consists of a number of related “sub-models” or perspectives, each describing the enterprise from a particular view, for example, processes, business rules, goals, actors, and concepts/information/data. The purpose of using EM in the context of capability management is to capture and document the existing organizational design. The overall vision of capability management approaches, such as Capability-Driven Development (CDD), is to use (and update if necessary) the enterprise models that the organization already has for capability design. However, if an organization does not have existing models or their use is deemed impractical (e.g., they are severely out of date or the quality of models is below acceptable), new models need to be created. The chapter gives an introduction to the topic of Enterprise Modelling, including perspectives captured in enterprise models, a typical modelling process, and existing modelling methods.

  • 50.
    Stirna, Janis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Development of a Modeling Language for Capability Driven Development: Experiences from Meta-modeling2016In: Conceptual Modeling: 35th International Conference, ER 2016, Gifu, Japan, November 14-17, 2016, Proceedings / [ed] Isabelle Comyn-Wattiau, Katsumi Tanaka, Il-Yeol Song, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Motoshi Saeki, Springer, 2016, p. 396-403Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Changing business environments related to constant variations in customers’ demand, situational conditions, regulations, emerging security threats, etc. may be addressed by approaches that integrate organizational development with information system development taking into account changes in the application context. This paper presents experiences from Method Engineering of the Capability Driven Development (CDD) methodology with a focus on the CDD meta-model and the modeling activities that led to it. CDD consists of several method components. Hence, a conceptual meta-model of CDD and a meta-model of the modeling language based on the 4EM approach are presented together with a number of lessons learned.

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