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  • 1. Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Sköld, Birgitta
    Tillmar, Malin
    Entrepreneurship in rural areas: The role of women?2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2. Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Tillmar, Malin
    Can government support both women and entrepreneurship?2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3. Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Tillmar, Malin
    Entrepreneurship for equality?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4. Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Tillmar, Malin
    From feminism to FemInc.ism: On the uneasy relationship between feminism, entrepreneurship and the Nordic welfare state2016In: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 369-392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminism in the Nordic countries was primarily formulated in terms of ‘state feminism’. The women’s movement cooperated with feminist government officials and politicians, resulting in societies that can be considered to be the most gender-equal societies in the world. Historically, the state provided for a large publicly-financed welfare sector which made it possible for many women to combine work and family through the state’s implementation of family-friendly policies, while simultaneously providing employment opportunities for many women. However, since the financial crisis of the 1990s, there has been a political change influenced by neo-liberal thought, in which politicians have handed over the welfare state’s responsibilities to the market, and, instead, the politicians have encouraged entrepreneurship, not least among women. Further to this development, there has been a change in emphasis from entrepreneurship (understood as starting and running a business) to entrepreneurialism which, in addition to a belief in the efficacy of market forces, also contains a social dimension where individuals are supposed to be flexible and exercise choice. In this article, we ask whether this entails a change in the feminist project in the Nordic countries, and if so, what the likely consequences are for this project, both in practice and in research. In order to answer this question, we reviewed existing Nordic research on women’s entrepreneurship and examined how this body of work conceptualizes entrepreneurship, gender, the state, and equality. We also considered whether any trends could be identified. We relate our findings to recent changes in government policy and conclude that the current discourse on entrepreneurship challenges, and possibly weakens, state feminism, but we also conclude that this discourse may also provide space for new forms of feminist action, in market terms. We coin the term FemInc.ism to denote feminist action through enterprise and we discuss a number of important challenges that research on this phenomenon is faced with.

  • 5. Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Tillmar, Malin
    Is institutional support for women’s entrepreneurship feminist?2014In: GWO2014 Book of abstracts: GWO 8th Biennial International Interdisciplinary conference, Wiley-Blackwell, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6. Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Tillmar, Malin
    Will business ownership support gender equality?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7. Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Tillmar, Malin
    Women’s entrepreneurship in rural areas: A literature review.2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8. Alkhaled-Studholme, Sophie
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    And now I’m free’: Women’s empowerment and emancipation through entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia and Sweden2018In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 30, no 7-8, p. 877-900Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical perspectives have called for the study of women’s entrepreneurship as a route to social change. This ‘social turn’ claims women are empowered and/or emancipated through entrepreneurship with limited problematisation of how these interchangeably used concepts operate. Using an institutional perspective in combination with a narrative approach, we investigate women entrepreneurs’ life stories on their ‘road to freedom’ where entrepreneurial activity enables them to ‘break free’ from particular gendered constraints. Through juxtaposing women’s narratives in the contexts of Saudi Arabia and Sweden, the relationship between empowerment and emancipation is disentangled and (re)conceptualised. The findings distinguish between empowerment narrated as individual practices to achieve freedom for the self within institutional structures and emancipation as narrated as a wish to challenge and change structures of power and reach collative freedom. The yearning for collective emancipation propels women’s stories of entrepreneurship by raising expectations for entrepreneurship as a vehicle for institutional change. Such stories may fascinate and inspire others to engage in entrepreneurial endeavours to become empowered, but whether they reach emancipation remains an empirical question to be answered. The performative dimension of entrepreneurial narratives is, however, their ability to turn emancipation into an (un)reachable object of desire, with a quest for even more individual empowerment and entrepreneurial activity, at the same time excluding other forms of human conduct as conducive for change.

  • 9. Alkhaled-Studholme, Sophie
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Reconceptualising ‘freedom and power’ in entrepreneurship discourse: examining motivations and experiences of female entrepreneurs in Saudi Arabia and Sweden2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10. Alkhaled-Studholme, Sophie
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    The Quest for Empowerment and Emancipation Through Entrepreneurship2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11. Alkhaled-Studholme, Sophie
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Women's Empowerment and Emancipation Through Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia and Sweden2018In: , 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12. Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    PART I: Policies for Innovation2012In: Promoting Innovation: Policies, practices and procedures / [ed] Susanne Andersson, Karin Berglund, Ewa Gunnarsson, Élisabeth Sundin, Stockholm: Vinnova , 2012, p. 21-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13. Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Granat Thorslund, Jennie
    Gunnarsson, Ewa
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    Introduction2012In: Promoting innovation: Policies, practices and procedures / [ed] Susanne Andersson, Karin Berglund, Ewa Gunnarsson, Elisabeth Sundin, Stockholm: Vinnova , 2012, p. 9-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Berglund, KarinStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.Gunnarsson, EwaSundin, Elisabeth
    Promoting Innovation: Policies, practices and procedures2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Promoting Innovation är ett resultat av över tio års satsningar på innovationsforskning med ett genusperspektiv. I antologin presenterar 31 forskare analyser av hur genus är en begränsande struktur i innovationssystemet. Här fokuseras såväl policy som regionala och organisatoriska praktiker. Vidare presenteras procedurer, det vill säga metoder och metodologier för att utveckla genusmedvetna, innovativa organisationer. Likt ett kalejdoskopiskt skifte framträder andra bilder när ett genusperspektiv tillämpas med möjlighet att se nya möjligheter och innovativa lösningar.

  • 15. Annika, Skoglund
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Entrepreneurship and the entrepreneurial self: Creating
 alternatives through entrepreneurship education?2018In: Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: Adopting a critical approach in the classroom / [ed] Karin Berglund, Karen Verduijn, Karen, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, p. 158-177Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16. Annika, Skoglund
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Studying “Openness” with “Closeness”: A videography of Prezi’s alternative entrepreneurship2018In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 86-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     How can we study a company’s call for “openness” and ambition to create an alternative form of entrepreneurship? Th is article introduces a videography of the Hungarian company Prezi, with a focus on their eff orts to nurture an internal organisational culture defi ned by openness, as well as a desire to address the lack of corporate social engagement and openness in Hungarian society. We follow Prezi’s work with the Roma population to better understand how the company’s social value creation aff ects the employees, and to problematise how videography facilitates “closeness” and thereby the sharing of sensibility and co-experience of such an abstract ability as openness.

  • 17.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Bent Flyvbjerg, Todd Landman & Sanford Schram (Eds.). (2012) Real social science: Applied phronesis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 308 pages2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 455-456Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    E viral Essay - Entrepreneurship goes viral: The invention of deviant enterprising selves2015In: M@n@gement, ISSN 1286-4692, E-ISSN 1286-4692, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 359-362Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Emotions as practices that propel a circulation of entrepreneurship2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Entreprenörskap som kreativt handlingsutrymme2015In: Skolledning: scener från den organiserande vardagen / [ed] Jan Löwstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2015, p. 95-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Fighting against all odds: Entrepreneurship education as employability training2013In: Ephemera : Theory and Politics in Organization, ISSN 2052-1499, E-ISSN 1473-2866, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 717-735Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the efforts of transforming ‘regular’ entrepreneurship to a specific kind of ‘entrepreneurial self’ in education are linked to the materialization of employability. It will be illustrated that schoolchildren, under the guise of entrepreneurship education, are taught how to work on improving their selves, emphasizing positive thinking, the joy of creating and awareness of the value of their own interests and passions. This ethic reminds us that we can always improve ourselves, since the enterprising self can never fully be acquired. The flipside of this ethic is that, by continuously being encouraged to become our best, it may be difficult to be satisfied with who we are. Highlighted in this paper is that, with all the amusement and excitement present in entrepreneurship education, also comes an expectation of the individual to fight against all odds. Recruiting students to this kind of shadow-boxing with their selves should involve critical reflection on its political dimensions, human limits, alternative ideals and the collective efforts that are part of entrepreneurial endeavours.

  • 22.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalens högskola, Sverige.
    Jakten på entreprenörer: Om öppningar och låsningar i entreprenörskapsdiskursen2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurs are expected to play a crucial role in times of unemployment and economical regression. A “hunt for entrepreneurs” can thus be said to be occurring as they appear to be people who can save nations, societies, and companies in troublesome situations.

    The project Diversity in Entrepreneurship (DiE) aimed to introduce a broad view of entrepreneurship in a regional context. Three development areas are emphasized that are strategically important to transforming a traditional indus- trial community into an entrepreneurial region: paying attention to the spirit of enterprise among underrepresented groups; stimulating entrepreneurship among young people; and considering the importance of culture in stimulating a diverse and entrepreneurial society.

    An equality discourse is introduced through DiE that – emphasising social and mundane occurrences - stands in contrast to the historically rooted enterprise discourse that proffers companies as productive apparatus, where a few competent people – often men – have been, and still are, in charge. In the equality dis- course, all people in the region make a difference, not merely a few. The encounter of the two discourses has resulted in confusion, and thus conflicts and collisions; but also in new possibilities.

    A new perspective of entrepreneurship and regional development is developed where conflicts are put forward as constructive. That the two discourses met on the same regional scene is therefore seen as positive as many people have been made aware of the social, political, and economic contradictions which restrain some groups in society from creating a (working) life. Hence, the contradictions have enabled the inhabitants to see themselves, and others, as entrepreneurs in regional development processes. Openings have thus emerged to view entrepreneurship from a broader perspective that includes people, to create practices through which a diverse working life is becoming discernible.

  • 23.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Kärt barn har många namn: Om entreprenörskaps alla (o)möjliga former2013In: Företagsekonomin och samhället / [ed] Hans Hasselbladh, Mikael Holmqvist, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, p. 167-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    När det oavsedda utmanar spelreglerna…2006In: Den oavsedda organisationen / [ed] Daniel Ericsson, Lund: Academia adacta, 2006, p. 108-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Social Entrepreneurs: Precious and Precarious2017In: Critical Perspectives on Entrepreneurship: Challenging Dominant Discourses / [ed] Caroline Essers, Pascal Dey, Deirdre Tedmanson, Karen Verduyn, Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Social entrepreneurship: Performative enactments of compassion2018In: Social entrepreneurship: an affirmative critique / [ed] Pascal Dey, Chris Steyaert, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 182-188Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    The queer potential of women entrepreneurs2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Ahl, Helene
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Tales of Heroine Entrepreneurs2017In: The Routledge Companion to Global Female Entrepreneurship / [ed] Colette Henry, Teresa Nelson, Kate V. Lewis, London: Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Ahl, Helene
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Tillmar, Malin
    Movi(e)ing practices of gender, rurality and entrepreneurship2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School. Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Ahl, Helene
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Tillmar, Malin
    Women's entrepreneurship, neoliberalism and economic justice in the postfeminist era: A discourse analysis of policy change in Sweden2018In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 531-556Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early 1990s, there has been investment in women's entrepreneurship policy (WEP) in Sweden, which continued until 2015. During the same period, Sweden assumed neoliberal policies that profoundly changed the position of women within the world of work and business. The goals for WEP changed as a result, from entrepreneurship as a way to create a more equal society, to the goal of unleashing women's entrepreneurial potential so they can contribute to economic growth. To better understand this shift we approach WEP as a neoliberal governmentality which offers women entrepreneurial' or postfeminist' subject positions. The analysis is inspired by political theorist Nancy Fraser who theorized the change as the displacement of socioeconomic redistribution in favour of cultural recognition, or identity politics. We use Fraser's concepts in a discourse analysis of Swedish WEP over two decades, identifying two distinct discourses and three discursive displacements. Whilst WEP initially gave precedence to a radical feminist discourse that called for women's collective action, this was replaced by a postfeminist neoliberal discourse that encouraged individual women to assume an entrepreneurial persona, start their own business, compete in the marketplace and contribute to economic growth. The result was the continued subordination of women business owners, but it also obscured or rendered structural problems/solutions, and collective feminist action, irrelevant.

  • 31.
    Berglund, Karin Anna Elisabeth
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Wigren-Kristoferson, Caroline
    Using pictures and artefacts in a PAR process to disclose new wor(l)ds of entrepreneurship2012In: Action Research, ISSN 1476-7503, E-ISSN 1741-2617, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 276-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on Freire, this article elaborates on how pictures and artefacts benefit processes of 'prise de conscience' and 'conscientization' among those with powerful voices. Wor(l)d-making was unfolded in the Swedish think-and-do tank, 'the Smithy', emphasizing the intrinsically political nature of promoting 'societal entrepreneurship' (SE). New words for SE were formulated and a more inclusive world was discerned where all had a role, not just as 'helpers', but as equal members of SE practices. Pictures and artefacts enabled hitherto silenced stories to be told and created a common understanding of how SE contrasted with traditional entrepreneurship. When new words were added to entrepreneurship, it was possible to reflect on the actions taken within the Smithy in a deeper sense, not only focusing on actions for the entrepreneurs 'out there', but also initiating self-reflection on the roles all had in the Smithy, or in other settings, to promote SE.

  • 32.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Annika, Skoglund
    Social entrepreneurship: to defend society from itself2016In: Rethinking entrepreneurship: debating research orientations / [ed] Alain Fayolle, Philippe Riot, Routledge, 2016, p. 57-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Birkelöf, Frida
    Lundin, Johanna
    Löfgren, Annika
    Engaged Sisters: studying the entrepreneurship and innovation support system from ‘within’2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship and innovation support has grown into large institutions in a society that cherishes an enterprising culture. Individuals are encouraged to be entrepreneurial and innovative in general, and to start up their own companies in particular. To support individuals in their business creation processes, policy stresses the need of providing with measures. Together these measures comprise a support system, directed towards supporting new and established entrepreneurs. It has however been recognized that the entrepreneurship and innovation public support system is highly gendered, favoring men and male businesses, whilst programs targeting women put the onus on individual women to start and grow businesses. As well it has been recognized that the policy support system tends to exclude ‘othered’ groups rather than including them in enterprising activities. The subtext of entrepreneurship support points to how some people “are” entrepreneurs, whilst others need support in order to become more entrepreneurial. Hence, there is a need to change the support system of entrepreneurship and innovation since it tends to disempower rather than to empower ‘othered’ groups in society.

    “Sisters in Business” make up an organization of wo/men entrepreneurs who have joined forces to address this need. Their vision is that entrepreneurship should reflect the society at large. During the last year they have therefore taken several initiatives to make this happen and is today one of the support organizations in a medium sized Swedish town. In this paper three Sisters are working together with a researcher within this area. Together we have formed a group of “engaged sisters´”. In our dialogue the dichotomy between ‘practice’ and ‘theory’ have temporarily dissolved in favor of creating narratives, from episodes, experiences and the everyday life of sister´s, to illustrate how the support system works from ‘within’. This led us to questioning whether the ‘support system’ really is a support system, or something else? Furthermore, this insight made it apparent that there exists ‘other’ support system, tough concealed and silenced. Finally, suggestions are proposed for how ‘practitioners’ can work together with ‘academics’ to change the rules of the game.

  • 34.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Dahlin, Maria
    Tilling, Katarina
    Johansson, Ulf
    Book review: Making Sense of Intellectual Capital: Designing a Method for the Valuation of Intangibles2005In: The European Accounting Review, ISSN 0963-8180, E-ISSN 1468-4497, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 160-162Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Gaddefors, Johan
    SLU.
    Entrepreneurship Requires Resistance to be Mobilized2010In: (De)Mobilizing entrepreneurship : Exploring entrepreneurial thinking and action / [ed] Bill Frederic, Bjerke Björn and Johansson Anders W., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010, p. 140-157Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Gaddefors, Johan
    Lindgren, Monica
    Provoking identities: entrepreneurship and emerging identity positions in rural development2016In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 28, no 1-2, p. 76-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses entrepreneurship in a depleted community in transition. The purpose is to develop knowledge about how discourses are used in the positioning of identity in regional development. The concept positioning illustrates how identities are provoked, challenged, negotiated and moved into identity positions that break away from the idea of imitating successful and wealthy regions; instead, locality, place and history emerge as important resources from where local actors obtain agency and recognize new opportunities. Ethnographic data of a single case were collected over a six-year period between 2005 and 2010. The longitudinal nature of the study made it possible to incorporate how local stakeholders took on new identity positions, while handling their inspiration as well as their frustration. Results show how rural change was conditioned by discourses and how entrepreneurship challenged and reframed dominating structures through interaction between entrepreneurship and community. Four discourses, expressed as dichotomies available to people in this depleted community, illustrate the interactive process of positioning: change vs. traditions, rational vs. irrational, spectacular vs. mundane and individual vs. collective. The results support research emphasizing perspectives that acknowledge interaction between entrepreneurship and context as well as discursive aspects of regional development.

  • 37.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Granat Thorslund, Jennie
    Innovative policies? Entrepreneurship and innovation policy from a gender perspective2012In: Promoting innovation: Policies, practices and procedures / [ed] Susanne Andersson, Karin Berglund, Ewa Gunnarsson, Elisabeth Sundin, Stockholm: Vinnova , 2012, p. 25-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation and entrepreneurship are no longer two words that only assist in describing societal phenomena of “newness”, “change” and “diffusion”; they have also grown into important policy areas for assisting the European Union Member States to estab-lish conditions for creating economic growth, new jobs and social cohesion. Our inter-est lies in understanding the gender dimension of innovation and entrepreneurship policy. Do entrepreneurship and innovation policies consolidate, adapt to, challenge, or even transform the gender system? The gender system is referred to here as a theo-retical concept which recognises how men and women are separated in society, hori-zontally as well as vertically. This chapter provides a discourse analysis of two texts within the framework of the Lisbon Strategy - Innovative Sweden (2004) and the Green Paper of Entrepreneurship (European Commisson, 2003), with the aim of look-ing into how innovation and entrepreneurship policies are gendered.

  • 38.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Holmgren, Carina
    Entrepreneurship Education in Policy and Practice2013In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 9-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article pays interest to the intersection between policy and practice when implementing entrepreneurship in the educational system. Taking a point of departure in Mahieu’s (2006) call for knowledge of the interplay between different policy levels and Backström-Widjeskog’s (2010) conclusion about tensions occurring when teachers are introduced to the concept, the intention is to develop knowledge about conflicts and tensions at the intersection between policy and practice. From analysing policy documents and narratives from entrepreneurship education implementation projects during a time when entrepreneurship education started to be promoted in Sweden three figures of thought are found (economic/humanistic, biological/social, and individual/collective) which are proposed to be involved in creating tensions and conflicts in the intersection between policy and practice. Theoretically, these figures of thought can be seen as a contribution to understanding processes in which the concept of entrepreneurship education has deliberately been moved, by way of policy, to the educational practice. Reflecting on these thought figures may enhance teachers’ translation processes when starting to work with entrepreneurship education in practice.

  • 39.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    School of Business at Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Holmgren, Carina
    Swedish Foundation for Small Business Research, Sweden.
    What do teachers do when they do entrepreneurship education? … and How can we ask about it?2008In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 354-372Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we take our point of departure in the research project ”Entrepreneurship Education 2007” (EDU07)  which focused on the earlier stages of the educational system as well as on what teachers do when they do entrepreneurship education. More specifically, the purpose here is to discuss the method - focus group interviews - applied in this research project and in what way it can, without putting words in the mouths of the respondents, answer the question: What is really being taught in entrepreneurship education? In addition to providing researchers with the research result, it is argued that focus group interviews work as an arena for reflection and action. 

  • 40.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Janne, Tienari
    The Paradox of Alternative Entrepreneurship: Doing, Undoing & Redoing Gender in a Contested Space2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Jerregård, Helena
    Jag tar ett steg i taget: barns tankar om ingenjören, teknik och arbetsliv2013In: Bilden av ingenjören / [ed] Yvonne Eriksson, Ildikó Asztalos Morell, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2013, p. 266-297Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Introduction: in the beginning was societal entrepreneurship2012In: Societal entrepreneurship: positioning, penetrating, promoting / [ed] Karin Berglund, Bengt Johannisson, Birgitta Schwartz, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 1-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Conclusions2012In: Societal entrepreneurship: positioning, penetrating, promoting / [ed] Karin Berglund, Bengt Johannisson, Birgitta Schwartz, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 259-277Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Johannisson, BengtSchwartz, Birgitta
    Societal entrepreneurship: positioning, penetrating, promoting2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship generally is about creative organizing but with social enterprising this is especially so. Most social ventures cross the boundaries between the private, the public and the non-profit/voluntary sectors. This broad involvement of actors and intertwining of sectors makes the label ‘societal’ entrepreneurship appropriate. Stating the importance of both the local and the broader societal context, the book reports close-up studies from a variety of social ventures. Generic themes include positioning societal entrepreneurship against other images of collective entrepreneurship, critically penetrating its assumptions and practices and proposing ways of promoting societal entrepreneurship more widely. Providing a new conceptual framework and research methodology, this compendium will prove insightful for academic scholars. The basic concepts and illustrative cases/stories will also appeal to students and reflective practitioners.

  • 45.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Anders W.Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Arenor för entreprenörskap2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den breda syn på entreprenörskap som förespråkas i denna bok innebär att entreprenörskapet finns överallt där människorna finns. Varje individ är potentiellt en entreprenör, men den viktiga frågan blir om denna potential kan tas till vara och utvecklas eller om den förhindras. En arena för entreprenörskap finns således där denna potential tas till vara. Entreprenörskapet ligger ständigt på lur där människor finns. Det luriga blir att se det. Det är detta författarna söker göra genom denna bok – att synliggöra det osynliggjorda. Att göra oss varse om den potential som finns om det breda entreprenörskapet görs synligt.

    Författarna till denna antologi ser entreprenörskap, inte som något som är kännetecknande för några få särskilt kapabla individer utan som en potentiell kraft hos alla människor. Alla människor är i grunden socialt responsiva. Inte minst kommer det till uttryck när barn leker. I boken diskuteras lekens betydelse i skolans värld och i samma linje associeras leken till förmågan att skapa innovationer. Vidare illustreras betydelsen av spontan informell interaktion för skapandet av företagaridentiteter och gränslinjen mellan företagandet och livets andra dimensioner.

    Boken har tre huvudavdelningar. I den inledande delen ges bakgrund och teoretisk utgångspunkt för ett breddat entreprenörskap. Den andra delen innehåller ett antal kapitel som gestaltar det breda entreprenörskapet. Bokens avslutande del tar upp policyfrågor relaterade till ett breddat entreprenörskap.

  • 46.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    School of Business, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Anders W.
    School of Business, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Constructions of entrepreneurship: a discourse analysis of academic publications2007In: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, E-ISSN 1750-6212, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 77-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this research paper is to investigate opposing versions of entrepreneurship and to introduce a metaphor to stimulate a dialogue about the diversity and complexity of enterprising communities.

    Design/methodology/approach – A discourse framework is developed in order to describe dominating – and even new and challenging – versions of entrepreneurship. The discourse analysis is presented in three steps: the introductory text to a handbook of entrepreneurship is deconstructed to expose some basic assumptions of entrepreneurship; drawing on several research articles, some dominating versions of entrepreneurship are analysed; drawing on research articles which have recently been published in two special issues in entrepreneurship journals, alternative versions of entrepreneurship are analysed.

    Findings – This paper compares three dominating and three alternative versions of entrepreneurship. All the versions are related to the idea of entrepreneurship as a story of creation for our times, where it is implied that entrepreneurship appears to be something inherently good for society and for people. The versions share a common denominator but are also distinguished by different ontological and epistemological assumptions that make a dialogue between the versions problematic.

    Research limitations/implications – The results of this research paper have obvious limitations because of the methodology employed and due to the limited number of texts analysed.

    Originality/value – The concept of a discursive web to analyse the world of entrepreneurship is introduced.

  • 47.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Johansson, Anders W.
    Dark and bright effects of a polarized entrepreneurship discourse… and the prospects of transformation2012In: Societal Entrepreneurship: positioning, penetrating, promoting / [ed] Karin Berglund, Bengt Johannisson, Birgitta Schwartz, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 163-190Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    School of Business, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Anders W.
    School of Business, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Maria
    School of Business, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Walking a tightrope between artistry and entrepreneurship: the stories of Hotel Woodpecker, Otter Inn and Luna Resort2007In: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, E-ISSN 1750-6212, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 268-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to challenge a traditional image of the content of entrepreneurship, which is associated with creativity, identity and discovery recognition.

    Design/methodology/approach – A narrative approach is used in telling the story about the artist/entrepreneur Mikael Genberg. The story is based on interviews, newspaper material and observations. Taking this story as the point of departure, an alternative image of entrepreneurship is suggested.

    Findings – First, from a traditional Schumpeterian perspective Genberg could be portrayed as a good example of a hero entrepreneur, an archetype of the creative artist/entrepreneur. Instead Genberg in this paper is described in terms of a creative imitator. Second, the Schumpeterian “hero entrepreneur” is associated with a fixed and strong identity. This picture is challenged and replaced by a demonstration of how double or multiple identities are used in legitimizing work which is argued to be more illustrative to the content of entrepreneurship than finding the true identity of the hero entrepreneur. Third, discovery recognition from a traditional perspective is attributed to the individual, while in this case opportunity creation signifies the process of making discoveries collectively shared.

    Research limitations/implications – This study is exploratory and based on a single case, while the results cannot be taken as generalizations. Instead an alternative understanding of the content of entrepreneurship is illustrated.

    Originality/value – The value of this study is the demonstration of an alternative image of the content of entrepreneurship.

  • 49.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Lindberg, Jessica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Skoglund, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Transformation from entrepreneurship to entrepreneurships: creating alternatives?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper our ambition is to provide with theoretical and empirical inspiration for studying contemporary constitutions of entrepreneurship. In specific, we seek to highlight how the transformation from entrepreneurship into forms of entrepreneurships has unfolded on various arenas. This means tracing the interplay between criticism of (traditional) entrepreneurship and the outbreak and dissemination of alternative entrepreneurships. In specific, we focus on the positive connotations that come with the alternative forms, a goodness that lures behind each and every corner, to see what it shapes as well as what shape entrepreneurship takes. Even if entrepreneurship research does pay some interest to the changing conditions for entrepreneurship, it seldom links these to changes in conditions for people, organizations and societies.

  • 50.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Lindgren, Monica
    Packedorff, Johann
    Consumption of entrepreneurs, consumption of entrepreneurship: Bloggers, influencers and socialites in a post-feminist society.2018Conference paper (Other academic)
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