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  • 1.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Palme, Joakim
    The Generational Welfare Contracts: Justice, Institutions and Outcomes2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This groundbreaking book brings together perspectives from political philosophy and comparative social policy to discuss generational justice. Contributing new insights about the preconditions for designing sustainable, inclusive policies for all of society, the authors expose the possibilities of supporting egalitarian principles in an aging society through balanced generational welfare contracts.

  • 2.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Esser, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Korpi, Tomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Rojas, Yerko
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sjöberg, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Comparative Indicators on Job Quality and Social Protection2009In: Quality of Work in the European Union: Concept, Data and Debates from a Transnational Perspective / [ed] Ana M. Guillén, Svenn-Åge Dahl, Brussels: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2009Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    The Egalitarian Paradise?2017In: The Routledge Handbook of Scandinavian Politics / [ed] Peter Nedergaard, Anders Wivel, Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Doctrinal, Laure
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Fredriksson, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sirén, Sebastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Inventory on core social policy databases and indicators for comparative research: Deliverable 22.12017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This InGRID deliverable is part of Work Package 22 on ‘Innovative solutions for comparative policy indicators and analysis'. The purpose is to provide an inventory of core social policy databases and indicators for comparative research. We map 26 databases and infrastructures that fruitfully can be used in comparative research to analyse the causes and consequences of social policy. Each database is compared according to a set of characteristics, including type of data (expenditures, institutional indicators, beneficiary statistics, socio-economic/income surveys, microsimulation), policy areas included (cash benefits: family benefits, unemployment benefits, sickness benefits, pensions, work-accidents, social assistance, and disability/invalidity/survivors benefits; publicservices: child care, health care, elder care, and active labour market policy), countries and years covered, as well as interval for updating of data. Nearly all databases specialise on distinct parts of social policy, and data on cash benefits are some what more frequent than data on public services, particularly when institutional indicators are in focus. Compared with data on social expenditures and beneficiaries, institutional indicators are based on social policy legislation and thus independent of changes in social needs and population characteristics.

  • 5.
    Doctrinal, Laure
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sirén, Sebastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Comprehensive Indicators for the Analysis of Out-of-Work Benefits: Introducing the Out-of-Work Benefits Dataset2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this InGRID deliverable we develop a new approach to the measurement of income replacement in out-of-work benefits. We present the Out-of-Work Benefits (OUTWB) dataset, which is part of the SPIN database at the Swedish institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University. The OUTWB dataset includes new synthesise d measures on overall net replacement rates and progres-siveness of income replacement in out-of-work benefits. Our synthesised measures of income replacement are based on data from the OECD Benefits and Wages project

  • 6.
    Esser, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Bäckman, Olof
    Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Korpi, Tomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Rojas, Yerko
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sjöberg, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Indicadores Comparativos Sobre Calidad En El Empleo Y Protection Social2009In: Calidad Del Trabajo En La Unión Europa. Concepto, Tensiones, Dimensiones / [ed] Guillén Rodríguez, A-M., Guitérrez Palacios, R., González Begega, S. (Eds.), Navarra: Thomson Civitas , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Esser, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sjöberg, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    A Framework for Comparing Social Protection in Developing and Developed Countries: The Example of Child Benefits2009In: International Social Security Review, ISSN 0020-871X, E-ISSN 1468-246X, Vol. 62, no 1, p. 91-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article outlines a conceptual and theoretical framework for improved comparative analysis of publicly provided social protection in developing countries, drawing on the research tradition of the study of longstanding welfare democracies. An important element of the proposed institutional approach is the establishment of comparable qualitative and quantitative indicators for social protection. The empirical example of child benefits indicates that differences between developed and developing countries should not be exaggerated, and that the prevalence of child benefits in sub-Saharan African and Latin American countries today resembles the inter-war period (1919-1938) situation in developed regions.

  • 8.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estimating Post-Tax Social Insurance Benefits: Validity Problems in Comparative Analyses of Net Income Components from Household Income Data2002Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Höög, H
    The Fiscalization of Child Benefits in OECD Countries2012Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Höög, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    From Universalism to Selectivity: Old Wine in New Bottles for Child Benefits in Europe and Other Countries2013In: Minimum Income Protection in Flux / [ed] Marx, I, Nelson, K, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 137-160Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current economic crisis has presented itself as a formidable challenge to the welfare states of Europe. It is more relevant than ever to ask: do existing minimum income protection schemes succeed in adequately protecting citizens, be it whether they are excluded from work, working, retired, or having children? Drawing on in-depth and up-to-date institutional data from across Europe and the US, this volume details the reality of minimum income protection policies over time. Including contributions from leading scholars in the field, each chapter provides a systematic cross-national analysis of minimum income protection policies, developing concrete policy guidance on an issue at the heart of the European debate.

  • 11.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Korpi, Walter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Palme, Joakim
    Social citizenship rights and social insurance replacement rate validity: pitfalls and possibilities2013In: Journal of European Public Policy, ISSN 1350-1763, E-ISSN 1466-4429, Vol. 20, no 9, p. 1251-1266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The comparative analysis of welfare states has been greatly advanced by rights-based measurements of social provisions. Social insurance replacement rates have figured prominently here. Apparently, there is considerable confusion about the validity of replacement rates and their comparability across different datasets. The purpose of this study is to outline a refined institutional perspective in the comparative analysis of welfare states focusing on the character of social citizenship rights. We show that social insurance replacement rates from different datasets differ in their underlying theoretical framework for policy analysis and therefore capture different aspects of how welfare states secure the livelihood of citizens in periods of work incapacity. Analysing validity solely on the basis of replacement rate point estimates is therefore misleading. We show that the close focus on social citizenship rights and programmatic design in the Social Citizenship Indicator Programme (SCIP) carries great potential for causal welfare state analysis.

  • 12.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Palme, Joakim
    Levels and targeting of social benefits in global perspective: combatting poverty through social policy. LIS working papers series - No. 647. Luxembourg: Luxembourg Income Study.2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates an old question that has re-emerged in social policy-making and in analyses of global social development: to what extent does targeting and size of social transfers matter for poverty? Using multilevel logistic regression and LIS income data for 40 middle- and high-income countries, we show that the size of transfer income has greater explanatory value for cross-country differences in poverty than the degree of targeting of transfer income. The results are remarkably robust in terms of estimated individual-level and country-level compositional and confounding factors.

  • 13.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Palme, Joakim
    Levels and targeting of social transfers: counteracting poverty in a global perspective2013In: Vietnam Social Sciences, ISSN 1013-4328, no 5, p. 20-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Plame, Joakim
    Social transfers and poverty in middle- and high-income countries – A global perspective2016In: Global Social Policy, ISSN 1468-0181, E-ISSN 1741-2803, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 22-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates an old question that has re-emerged in social policymaking and in analyses of global social development: to what extent does targeting and size of social transfers matter for poverty? Using multilevel logistic regression and Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg (LIS) income data for 40 middle- and high-income countries, we show that the size of transfer income has greater explanatory value for cross-country differences in poverty than the degree of targeting of transfer income. The results are remarkably robust in terms of estimated individual-level and country-level compositional and confounding factors.

  • 15.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sjöberg, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Decomposing the effect of social policies on population health and inequalities: An empirical example of unemployment benefits2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 42, no 7, p. 635-642Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to discuss and empirically contrast different conceptualizations and operationalizations of social policies in analysing health and educational differences in health cross-nationally. Methods: Country-level institutional and expenditure data on unemployment benefit schemes and individual-level data from the EU-SILC for 23 countries were used to analyse the association between unemployment benefits and self-assessed health for individuals with different educational attainment. Results: The analyses indicate that higher coverage rate (i.e. the proportion of the relevant population eligible for benefits) is associated with better self-related health among both low- and high-educated individuals, but is not linked to smaller educational differences in health. In contrast, replacement rate (i.e. the amount of benefits received) in isolation is not related to self-assessed health. However, in countries where coverage rates are high, higher replacement rates are associated with better health among both low- and high-educated individuals and smaller educational differences in health. Conclusions: Decomposing unemployment benefit programmes into two main dimensions – the proportion in the labour force covered by such programmes and the replacement rate received in case of unemployment – may present further insights into institutional mechanisms linking macro-level social policies to individual-level health outcomes.

  • 16.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sjöberg, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Multipla välfärdsproblem: Sverige i ett jämförande perspektiv2010In: Socialstyrelsen - Social Rapport 2010, socialstyrelsen , 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sjöberg, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Unemployment insurance and deteriorating self-rated health in 23 European countries2014In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 68, no 7, p. 657-662Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The global financial crisis of 2008 is likely to have repercussions on public health in Europe, not least through escalating mass unemployment, fiscal austerity measures and inadequate social protection systems. The purpose of this study is to analyse the role of unemployment insurance for deteriorating self-rated health in the working age population at the onset of the fiscal crisis in Europe.

    Methods

    Multilevel logistic conditional change models linking institutional-level data on coverage and income replacement in unemployment insurance to individuallevel panel data on self-rated health in 23 European countries at two repeated occasions, 2006 and 2009.

    Results

    Unemployment insurance significantly reduces transitions into self-rated ill-health and, particularly, programme coverage is important in this respect. Unemployment insurance is also of relevance for the socioeconomic gradients of health at individual level, where programme coverage significantly reduces health risks attached to educational attainment.

    Conclusions

    Unemployment insurance mitigated adverse health effects both at individual and country-level during the financial crisis. Due to the centrality of programme coverage, reforms to unemployment insurance should focus on extending the number of insured people in the labour force.

  • 18.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sjöberg, Ola
    Palme, Joakim
    Sveriges socialförsäkringar i jämförande perspektiv: En institutionell analys av sjuk-, arbetsskade- och arbetslöshetsförsäkringarna i 18 OECD-länder 1930 till 20102012Report (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Fritzell, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Bacchus Hertzman, Jennie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Borg, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sweden: Increasing income inequalities and changing social relations2014In: Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries. Thirty Countries' Experiences / [ed] Brian Nolan, Wiemer Salverda, Daniele Checchi, Ive Marx, Abigail McKnight, István György Tóth, Herman G. van de Werfhorst, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From an all-time low around 1980, income inequality substantially increased, reflecting a strong rise in top incomes and income from capital, more recently also a widening gap between bottom and middle incomes. Behind this are the dual income tax system, established in the early 1990s, the introduction of earned income tax credits, and a diminished coverage of social insurance programmes, which widened the income gap between employed and non-employed during the 2000s. The benefit and tax systems became less redistributive and thereby contributed to increased income inequalities. Another important element is the deep recession in the early 1990s with skyrocketing unemployment and subsequent cutbacks in welfare provision. Income inequalities, however, increased first and foremost in the aftermath of the recession. The chapter finds no unambiguous trend in social, cultural, and political conditions corresponding to the increased inequalities. There is increased polarization for many indicators between different socio-economic groups.

  • 20. Fritzell, Johan
    et al.
    Heap, Josefine
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Palme, Joakim
    Schön, Pär
    ESPN Thematic Report on Progress in the implementation of the 2013 EU Recommendation on “Investing in children: Breaking the cycle of disadvantage”: Sweden2017Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Korpi, Tomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Stenberg, Sten-Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    The accumulation of social problems 1974-20002007In: The International Journal of Social Welfare, Vol. 16, no s1, p. 91-103Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22. Kuivalainen, S.
    et al.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    The Nordic Welfare Model in a European Perspective2010Report (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Lundberg, Olle
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Åberg Yngwe, Monica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Fritzell, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Bacchus Hertzman, Jennie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Bergqvist, Kersti
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Ferranini, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Rehnberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sjöberg, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    The effect of social protection and income maintenance policies on health and health inequalities2013In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 23, no Suppl. 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    As a starting point we review the existing evidence on welfare states, health and health inequalities, from 2005 onwards. Three different approaches emerge in these previous studies – the welfare regime approach, the welfare institutions approach and the social spending approach. While no clear picture emerges for the welfare regime approach, summarising findings regarding the institutional and expenditure approach suggest that a higher degree of generosity and social spending benefits public health. These are therefore approaches we follow to arrive at a better understanding of what type of policies are linked to smaller inequalities in health across the life-course.

    Methods

    A starting point in the analyses is the relation between income, poverty and mortality. The cross-national variation in poverty rates, both absolute (poverty threshold) and relative (60 per cent of median income) measure, and mortality rates in European 26 countries will be considered.

    The second step in the analysis focuses on the relationship between social rights and subjective health in Europe, with a focus on national variations and changes in social rights to levels and changes in subjective health outcomes across several countries. The data holds information regarding social rights and social expenditure, including individual data from EU-SILC.

    Results

    Preliminary results indicate that it is the totality of social protection that is important rather than individual policies. A sub-study regarding social rights and health among youth highlight also the importance of active and passive labour market policy in the 16 included countries.

    Conclusions

    In sum our diverse approach to analysing welfare state efforts and their links to health inequalities suggest that there is a clear relationship between more ambitious policies and smaller inequalities in health. These results are discussed in relation to previous findings.

  • 24. Marx, Ive
    et al.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    A New Dawn for Minimum Income Protection?2013In: Minimum Income Protection Flux / [ed] Marx, I, Nelson, K, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 1-27Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current economic crisis has presented itself as a formidable challenge to the welfare states of Europe. It is more relevant than ever to ask: do existing minimum income protection schemes succeed in adequately protecting citizens, be it whether they are excluded from work, working, retired, or having children? Drawing on in-depth and up-to-date institutional data from across Europe and the US, this volume details the reality of minimum income protection policies over time. Including contributions from leading scholars in the field, each chapter provides a systematic cross-national analysis of minimum income protection policies, developing concrete policy guidance on an issue at the heart of the European debate.

  • 25. Marx, Ive
    et al.
    Nelson, KennethStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Minimum Income Protection in Flux: 2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Montanari, Ingalill
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Health care determinants in comparative perspective: The role of partisan politics for health care provision2013In: International Journal of Comparative Sociology, ISSN 0020-7152, E-ISSN 1745-2554, Vol. 54, no 5-6, p. 445-466Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health care differs substantially across countries in terms of service provision relevant for social citizenship. Whereas driving forces for the expansion and subsequent decline of cash benefits have received major scholarly interest in comparative research, determinants of developments in public services are less explored. In this article we assess the role of partisan politics for health care provision measured in terms of health employment, hospital beds, and medical technology. Regression analyses based on Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development Health data for 18 countries covering the period 1980-2005 show that partisan politics influences levels of health care provision. Left government strength is positively related to health care provision and the association is driven by developments in health employment. Confessional parties are also associated with high levels of health employment, particularly when they are in close electoral competition with left parties. Both left and confessional government strength is negatively associated with the provision of hospital beds, but these effects are mitigated when parties are in intense electoral competition. In terms of medical technology, we find no partisan political effects.

  • 27.
    Montanari, Ingalill
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Health Care Developments in EU Member States: Regressing Trends and Institutional Similarity?2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to various structural pressures predictions of retrenchment and conformity of social policies have been legion, both in terms of expenditure and institutional set-up. Recent research has focused on changes in cash benefits. Comparative analyses of changes in services, the other pillar of social policy, have however so far been limited to a few countries. The purpose of this paper is to perform a diachronical cross-national analysis of health care services. We thus raise questions of decline and convergence of European health care systems. Contrary to previous claims we find that European health care systems are not particularly hit by retrenchment and convergence is absent in key health care dimensions, namely coverage, financing and provision. The empirical analysis is based on institutional indicators rather than expenditure levels. We utilize OECD Health Data and provide both a descriptive analysis and multi-level regressions.

  • 28.
    Montanari, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Health care provision: an exploratory analysis of increase, decline, converging trends and driving forces in comparative perspective2013In: Health care systems in Europe under austerity: institutional reforms and performance / [ed] Emmanuele Pavolini and Ana Marta Guillén, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Montanari, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Social service decline and convergence: How does healthcare fare?2013In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 102-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the hypotheses on differences among welfare state sectors with regard to decline and convergence are subject to comparative empirical tests focusing on healthcare. A diachronical cross-national analysis of healthcare services is performed, comparing developments with that of cash benefits. Contrary to previous claims we find that European healthcare systems are not particularly hit by retrenchment and that convergence is absent in key healthcare dimensions, namely coverage and provision. Convergence appears mainly in terms of the increased reliance on private healthcare financing. Our examination is based on Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Health Data and institutional data on entitlement levels of major cash benefit programmes, providing both a descriptive analysis and multi-level regressions.

  • 30.
    Montanari, Ingalill
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Palme, Joakim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Convergence Pressures and Responses: Recent Social Insurance Development in Modern Welfare States2007In: Comparative Sociology, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 295-323Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Montanari, Ingalill
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Palme, Joakim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Towards a European Social Model? Trends in social insurance among EU countries 1980-20002008In: European Societies, Vol. 10, no 5, p. 787-810Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Attivazione e coordinamento: il caso svedese2002In: Assistenza Sociale, ISSN 0392-1026, Vol. 2, p. 37-60Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Carly Elizabeth Schall, The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare Machine: Immigration and Social Democracy in the Twentieth-Centrury Sweden. New York: Cornell University Press, 20162018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 111-113Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Counteracting material deprivation: The role of social assistance in Europe2012In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 148-163Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Fighting poverty : comparative studies on social insurance, means-tested benefits and income redistribution2003Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Improving the efficiency of social protection: Peer Review Discussion Paper2011Other (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Improving the efficiency of social protection: Synthesis Report2011Report (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Individuell ofärd, ojämlikhet och socialpolitik: Sverige i ett bredare europeiskt perspektiv2012Report (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Introducing SaMip: The Social Assistance and Minimum Income Protection Interim Dataset2007Report (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Lower unemployment benefits and old-age pensions is a major setback in social policy2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 287-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish welfare state has been subject to a substantial re-organization in recent decades, not always recognized in the international literature. Almost every area of social policy have changed, often in the downward direction and with potential far-reaching consequences for the social sustainability of the Swedish welfare state. In this research note, I discuss significant changes to Swedish social policy and place the reorganization of the Swedish welfare state in an international perspective. Focus is on old-age pensions and unemployment benefits. Both areas are characterized by significant changes.

  • 41.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Mechanisms of poverty alleviation: anti-poverty effects of non-means-tested and means-tested benefits in five welfare states2004In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 371-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Substantial cross-national differences in poverty alleviation are well documented. But the extent to which different parts of the social transfer system account for this variation is still relatively unexamined. This paper analyses the redistributive effects of specific social policy institutions in a comparative perspective. The main question is to what extent non-means-tested entitlements and means-tested benefits reduce relative economic poverty in different institutional settings. It is shown that the structure of non-means-tested benefits is more important than that of meanstested benefits in explaining differences in poverty alleviation across countries. The paper also presents a new method for estimating the anti-poverty effects of separate parts of the social transfer system. This method decomposes the anti-poverty effects of a set of social transfers into independent and combined effects, which produces more valid results than prevalent methods used to assess the impact of a particular transfer on poverty. The countries included in this study are Canada, Germany, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. The empirical analyses are based on data from the Social Citizenship Indicators Programme (SCIP) and Luxembourg Income Study (LIS describing the situation in the mid-1990s.

  • 42.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Minimum Income Protection and European Integration: Trends and Levels of Minimum Benefits in Comparative Perspective 1990-20052014In: The Financial and Economic Crises and their Impact on Health and Social Well-Being / [ed] Vicente Navarro and Carles Muntaner, New York: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc., 2014, p. 73-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Minimum Income Protection and European Integration: Trends and Levels of Minimum Benefits in Comparative Perspective 1990-20052008In: International Journal of Health Services, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 103-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws attention to the Europeanization of social policy and the development of minimum income protection in a large number of welfare democracies. The empirical analyses are based on unique institutional and comparative data on benefit levels from the Social Assistance and Minimum Income Protection Interim Dataset. There is some evidence of convergence in benefit levels among the European countries in the new millennium, but there is no clear proof of universal ambitions to fight poverty or of the existence of a single European social model. There are still welfare frontrunners and those who lag behind in this regard, not only among industrial welfare democracies in general but also in Europe.

  • 44.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Minimum Income Protection and Low-Income Standards: Is Social Assistance Enough for Poverty Alleviation?2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Minimum income protection and social assistance is the last-resort safety net of the welfare state, targeted to the most vulnerable groups in society. Poverty alleviation is thus one chief objective of such benefits. Whether this objective is fulfilled is continuously discussed and debated. This paper provide new evidence on this issue and offers an analysis of social assistance benefit levels in 16 industrialized welfare democracies over the period 1990-2000. It is shown that the period 1990-1995 was characterized primarily by stagnated benefit levels, while in the latter half of the 1990s benefits declined. In most countries, social assistance fails to provide income above the poverty threshold, something that makes it difficult to view these benefits as effective redistributive instruments.

  • 45.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Social Assistance and EU Poverty Thresholds 1990-2008. Are European Welfare Systems Providing Just and Fair Protection Against Low Income?2013In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 386-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested that income adequacy is an important condition for a fair work-test to apply. This article provides new evidence about the construction of just social minimums by analysing the relationship between social assistance, benefit adequacy, and labour market activation. Does social assistance provide benefits at levels necessary to escape poverty? To what extent is the development of benefit adequacy related to active labour market policy? The empirical analyses combine macro-level institutional data from the SaMip data set and micro-level income data for 28 European welfare systems in 1990-2008. It is shown that social assistance seldom reaches commonly applied poverty thresholds. The adequacy of social assistance has also declined, along with the increased emphasis on the activation of beneficiaries. It therefore appears difficult to perceive European social assistance programmes as just distributive instruments.

  • 46.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Social assistance and minimum income benefits in old and new EU democracies2010In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 367-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, social assistance developments are analysed in a large number of European Union (EU) member states, including European transition countries and the new democracies of southern Europe. The empirical analysis is based on the unique and recently established SaMip Dataset, which provides social assistance benefit levels for 27 countries from 1990 to 2005. It is shown that social assistance benefits have had a less favourable development than that of unemployment provision. Hardly any of the investigated countries provide social assistance benefits above the EU near-poverty threshold. Social assistance benefit levels have not converged in Europe. Instead, divergence can be observed, which is due mainly to lagging developments in eastern and southern Europe.

  • 47.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Taxation of social insurance and redistribution: a comparative analysis of ten welfare states2003In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 21-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Welfare state regimes vary in their strategies of redistribution. Some welfare states have extensive taxable social insurance schemes, while others rely more on non-taxable means-tested benefits. In order to assess the distributive effects of different programme types, it is necessary to analyse social insurance after taxes, something rarely practised in comparative research. In this paper, we evaluate distributive effects of social insurance after taking taxes into account in 10 welfare states. The main question is to what extent income taxes affect the contribution of social insurance to income inequality. The conclusion is that taxation may have important consequences for both inter- and intra-country comparisons of income redistribution, especially if countries with similar social policy systems are compared. The analyses are based on micro-level income data from the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS).

  • 48.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    The Last Resort: determinants of the Generosity of Means-Tested Minimum Income Protection Policies in Welfare Democracies2005In: Welfare Politics Cross-Examined: eclecticist Analytical Perspectives on Sweden and on the Developed World / [ed] Eero Carroll and Lena Ericsson, Amsterdam: Aksant , 2005Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Universalism versus targeting: The vulnerability of social insurance and means-tested minimum income protection in 18 countries, 1990-20022007In: International Social Security Review, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 33-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The stagnation and retrenchment of social policies in recent decades raise considerable interest and concern in writings on the welfare state. This study examines differences in the development of means-tested benefits and social insurance provisions. Questions relating to the measurement of policy retrenchment and the vulnerability of social benefits are addressed. Two conflicting hypotheses are discerned: one stating that the development of means-tested benefits resembles that of social insurance; and another more recent one claiming that the evolution of means-tested benefits follows a unique pattern. The empirical analyses are based on institutional data on the level of social benefits. It is shown that social insurance stands a better chance of surviving periods of retrenchment and that the greater vulnerability of means-tested benefits is related to the organization of social insurance provisions.

  • 50.
    Nelson, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Fritzell, Johan
    ESPN Thematic Report on minimum income schemes: Sweden 20152016Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Most benefits and transfers in Sweden are based on individual entitlements and are administered at the national level. In such cases, the eligibility criteria and entitlement levels are uniform throughout the country. The only scheme in Sweden that qualifies as a minimum income benefit is the social assistance programme (Ekonomiskt Bistånd/Försörjningsstöd), which targets people in households that lack sufficient means to support themselves – not just work income, but also access to contributory social insurance benefits. Unlike most other benefits and transfers, eligibility for social assistance is thus determined at the level of the household. One way or another, social assistance defines the ‘floor’ of the Swedish welfare state: its explicit purpose is to provide an economic standard below which no one, in principle, should be able to fall. In Sweden, social assistance is a true system of last resort. As such, it is not used as a passport to other benefits. Rather the opposite applies.

    The basic scale rates of social assistance are set nationally, but financing and administration is at the local municipality level. Sweden has 290 municipalities, and in terms of implementation, these have substantial leeway. They are allowed to pay more, but not less.

    People receiving social assistance are obliged to seek work (if possible) and to participate in active labour market programmes. The duration of social assistance is unlimited, and payments are made as long as eligibility conditions are met.

    When it comes to the adequacy of social assistance, we can note two important aspects: a) the level of adequacy compared to the at-risk-of-poverty (AROP) threshold is poor; b) viewed over the last 10 to 15 years, there has been a gradual decline in adequacy levels. The first point is evident from the fact that social assistance levels are quite far from the 60% poverty threshold for all family types analysed. The declining trend is somewhat less evident after the 2008 crisis, at least for families with children.

    Take-up rates have been roughly stable over the past few years, as has the number of long-term recipients – though that figure is much larger today than before the severe recession in Sweden in the early 1990s.

    Sweden has not implemented any so-called one-stop shops, which provide a common entry to all social benefits and services. Instead, emphasis is placed on cooperation between public authorities at different levels of government, in order to foster greater coordination. Such coordinated actions may be hindered by the fact that different benefit and service systems operate at different governance levels. We would note that back in 2012, only a small fraction of municipalities in Sweden had written guidelines for cooperation between the local Social Welfare Agency and state-organised offices and agencies. If Sweden decides to continue with its attempts to foster coordination and cooperation, rather than one-stop shops, it would seem to us to be a minimum requirement that such guidelines should be developed right across the country.

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