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  • 1.
    Lausevic, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Avfallshantering av stickande/skärande avfall: en jämförelse mellan nio kommuner inom Stockholmsområdet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sharps waste, in the form of used syringes and needles from the public, should not be mixed withother municipal solid waste because of environmental and health reasons. The most palpableeffects of improper waste disposal are injuries to waste handlers and this is the main reason whysociety should strive to minimize the risks involving sharps waste. Within the municipalities ofDanderyd, Järfälla, Lidingö, Sollentuna, Solna, Sundbyberg, Täby, Upplands Väsby and Vallentunathe municipally owned waste company SÖRAB has undertaken the task of collectingmunicipal waste, by acquiring the permission to sign collaboration agreements concerning sharpswaste with all the apothecaries in the municipalities. This thesis aims to investigate how thewaste management of sharps waste functions in the abovementioned municipalities and to exploreto what extent the apothecaries use the collaboration agreements. Key questions addressedin the study are: how the current waste management of sharps waste is constructed, if there aredifferences between the municipalities and what causes them, if any problem areas regarding thewaste collection can be identified and which eventual improvements could lead to their solution.The methodological approach includes assembling statistical data, an interview study with thewaste planners from all of the municipalities and a survey with the apothecaries.The results of the study show that only 63 percent of all apothecaries with collaborationagreements have used them and collected sharps waste for SÖRAB during the year 2015. Thecorresponding number and even the amounts of waste that are reported differ between municipalities.The municipalities in which the greatest amounts of waste are gathered and also thosewhere the majority of the apothecaries contribute to waste collection are Järfälla, Sollentuna,Täby, Upplands Väsby and Vallentuna. The causes behind the observed dissimilarities have notbeen possible to define clearly. Based on the results from the interview study it cannot be statedthat these municipalities have distinct work routines compared to the municipalities with a lowerdegree of waste collection, since the view on the objectives concerning this type of waste issimilar between them. Even the strategies applied in order to achieve objectives are relativelysimilar between the nine municipalities. It is however possible that the information given to thepublic concerning sharps waste is somewhat more diverse in the municipalities where the wastemanagement functions better. Another factor that could have affected the mentioned disparities isthe uncertainty in the statistical data. The results of the conducted survey revealed some mistakesin the apothecaries’ routines since sharps waste was in some cases handed over to a differentwaste entrepreneur than SÖRAB. This means that there could be unknown amounts of wastecollected not present in the available data. In summary, the study indicates a relatively low usageof the collaboration agreements in general within the SÖRAB-region and a certain lack ofknowledge at the apothecaries when it comes to how and why sharps waste should be handled.This highlights the need of an extended collaboration between the municipalities and the wastecompany SÖRAB, a more prominent division of reasonability among them and improved informationtowards the apothecaries. Eventual improvements in the collection of sharps waste shouldin their turn lead to a safer environment for all the individuals that come in contact with this kind of waste.

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  • 2.
    Lausevic, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Avfallshantering av stickande/skärande avfall: en jämförelse mellan nio kommuner inom Stockholmsområdet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sharps waste, in the form of used syringes and needles from the public, should not be mixed with other municipal solid waste because of environmental and health reasons. The most palpable effects of improper waste disposal are injuries to waste handlers and this is the main reason why society should strive to minimize the risks involving sharps waste. Within the municipalities of Danderyd, Järfälla, Lidingö, Sollentuna, Solna, Sundbyberg, Täby, Upplands Väsby and Vallentuna the municipally owned waste company SÖRAB has undertaken the task of collecting municipal waste, by acquiring the permission to sign collaboration agreements concerning sharps waste with all the apothecaries in the municipalities. This thesis aims to investigate how the waste management of sharps waste functions in the abovementioned municipalities and to explore to what extent the apothecaries use the collaboration agreements. Key questions addressed in the study are: how the current waste management of sharps waste is constructed, if there are differences between the municipalities and what causes them, if any problem areas regarding the waste collection can be identified and which eventual improvements could lead to their solution. The methodological approach includes assembling statistical data, an interview study with the waste planners from all of the municipalities and a survey with the apothecaries. The results of the study show that only 63 percent of all apothecaries with collaboration agreements have used them and collected sharps waste for SÖRAB during the year 2015. The corresponding number and even the amounts of waste that are reported differ between municipalities. The municipalities in which the greatest amounts of waste are gathered and also those where the majority of the apothecaries contribute to waste collection are Järfälla, Sollentuna,Täby, Upplands Väsby and Vallentuna. The causes behind the observed dissimilarities have not been possible to define clearly. Based on the results from the interview study it cannot be stated that these municipalities have distinct work routines compared to the municipalities with a lower degree of waste collection, since the view on the objectives concerning this type of waste is similar between them. Even the strategies applied in order to achieve objectives are relatively similar between the nine municipalities. It is however possible that the information given to the public concerning sharps waste is somewhat more diverse in the municipalities where the waste management functions better. Another factor that could have affected the mentioned disparities is the uncertainty in the statistical data. The results of the conducted survey revealed some mistake sin the apothecaries’ routines since sharps waste was in some cases handed over to a different waste entrepreneur than SÖRAB. This means that there could be unknown amounts of waste collected not present in the available data. In summary, the study indicates a relatively low usage of the collaboration agreements in general within the SÖRAB-region and a certain lack of knowledge at the apothecaries when it comes to how and why sharps waste should be handled. This highlights the need of an extended collaboration between the municipalities and the waste company SÖRAB, a more prominent division of reasonability among them and improved information towards the apothecaries. Eventual improvements in the collection of sharps waste should in their turn lead to a safer environment for all the individuals that come in contact with this kind of waste.

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