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  • 1.
    Bartoszewicz, Agnieszka
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Iodine-promoted silylation of alcohols with silyl chlorides. Synthetic and mechanistic studies2008In: Tetrahedron, ISSN 0040-4020, Vol. 64, no 37, p. 8843-8850Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bartoszewicz, Agnieszka
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of nucleoside phosphorothio-, phosphorodithio- and phophoroselenoate diesters via oxidative esterification of the corresponding H-phosphonate analogues2008In: Collection Symposium Series, Vol. 10, 2008, p. 219-223Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bartoszewicz, Agnieszka
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    The case for the intermediacy of monomeric metaphosphate analogues during oxidation of H-phosphonothioate, H-phosphonodithioate, and H-phosphonoselenoate monoesters: mechanistic and synthetic studies2008In: The Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, Vol. 73, no 13, p. 5029-5038Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4. Biswas, Srijit
    et al.
    Dahlstrand, Christian
    Watile, Rahul A.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Samec, Joseph S. M.
    Atom-Efficient Gold(I)-Chloride-Catalyzed Synthesis of alpha-Sulfenylated Carbonyl Compounds from Propargylic Alcohols and Aryl Thiols: Substrate Scope and Experimental and Theoretical Mechanistic Investigation2013In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 19, no 52, p. 17939-17950Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gold(I)-chloride-catalyzed synthesis of -sulfenylated carbonyl compounds from propargylic alcohols and aryl thiols showed a wide substrate scope with respect to both propargylic alcohols and aryl thiols. Primary and secondary aromatic propargylic alcohols generated -sulfenylated aldehydes and ketones in 60-97% yield. Secondary aliphatic propargylic alcohols generated -sulfenylated ketones in yields of 47-71%. Different gold sources and ligand effects were studied, and it was shown that gold(I) chloride gave the highest product yields. Experimental and theoretical studies demonstrated that the reaction proceeds in two separate steps. A sulfenylated allylic alcohol, generated by initial regioselective attack of the aryl thiol on the triple bond of the propargylic alcohol, was isolated, evaluated, and found to be an intermediate in the reaction. Deuterium labeling experiments showed that the protons from the propargylic alcohol and aryl thiol were transferred to the 3-position, and that the hydride from the alcohol was transferred to the 2-position of the product. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations showed that the observed regioselectivity of the aryl thiol attack towards the 2-position of propargylic alcohol was determined by a low-energy, five-membered cyclic protodeauration transition state instead of the strained, four-membered cyclic transition state found for attack at the 3-position. Experimental data and DFT calculations supported that the second step of the reaction is initiated by protonation of the double bond of the sulfenylated allylic alcohol with a proton donor coordinated to gold(I) chloride. This in turn allows for a 1,2-hydride shift, generating the final product of the reaction.

  • 5.
    Huang, Genping
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanism and Selectivity of Rhodium-Catalyzed 1:2 Coupling of Aldehydes and Allenes2013In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 135, no 20, p. 7647-7659Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rhodium-catalyzed highly regioselective 1:2 coupling of aldehydes and allenes was investigated by means of density functional theory calculations. Full free energy profiles were calculated, and several possible reaction pathways were evaluated. It is shown that the energetically most plausible catalytic cycle is initiated by oxidative coupling of the two allenes, which was found to be the rate-determining step of the overall reaction. Importantly, Rh allyl complexes that are able to adopt both eta(3) and eta(1) configurations were identified as key intermediates present throughout the catalytic cycle with profound implications for the selectivity of the reaction. The calculations reproduced and rationalized the experimentally observed selectivities and provided an explanation for the remarkable alteration in the product distribution when the catalyst precursor is changed from [RhCl(nbd)](2) (nbd = norbornadiene) to complexes containing noncoordinating counterions ([Rh(cod)(2)X]; X = OTf, BF4, PF6; cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene). It turns out that the overall selectivity of the reaction is controlled by a combination of the inherent selectivities of several of the elementary steps and that both the mechanism and the nature of the selectivity-determining steps change when the catalyst is changed.

  • 6.
    Huang, Genping
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanism, reactivity, and selectivity of the iridium-catalyzed C(sp(3))-H borylation of chlorosilanes2015In: Chemical Science, ISSN 2041-6520, E-ISSN 2041-6539, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 1735-1746Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The iridium-catalyzed C(sp(3))-H borylation of methylchlorosilanes is investigated by means of density functional theory, using the B3LYP and M06 functionals. The calculations establish that the resting state of the catalyst is a seven-coordinate Ir(V) species that has to be converted into an Ir(III)tris(boryl) complex in order to effect the oxidative addition of the C-H bond. This is then followed by a C-B reductive elimination to yield the borylated product, and the catalytic cycle is finally completed by the regeneration of the active catalyst over two facile steps. The two employed functionals give somewhat different conclusions concerning the nature of the rate-determining step, and whether reductive elimination occurs directly or after a prior isomerization of the Ir(V) hydride intermediate complex. The calculations reproduce quite well the experimentally-observed trends in the reactivities of substrates with different substituents. It is demonstrated that the reactivity can be correlated to the Ir-C bond dissociation energies of the corresponding Ir(V) hydride intermediates. The effect of the chlorosilyl group is identified to originate from the alpha-carbanion-stabilizing effect of the silicon, which is further reinforced by the presence of an electron-withdrawing chlorine substituent. Furthermore, the source of selectivity for the borylation of primary over secondary C(sp(3))-H can be explained on a steric basis, by repulsion between the alkyl group and the Ir/ligand moiety. Finally, the difference in the reactivity between C(sp(3))-H and C(sp(2))-H borylation is investigated and rationalized in terms of distortion/interaction analysis.

  • 7.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Palladium-catalyzed C-P Bond Formation. Mechanistic Investigations and synthetic Studies2008Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bartoszewicz, Agnieszka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of nucleoside phosphorothio-, phosphorodithio- and phosphoroselenoate diesters via oxidative esterification of the corresponding H-phosphonate analogues2008In: Nucleic Acids Symposium Series, ISSN 0261-3166, Vol. 52, p. 285-286Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Combining Meyer-Schuster Rearrangement with Aldol and Mannich Reactions: Theoretical Study of the Intermediate Interception Strategy2012In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 134, no 46, p. 19159-19169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interception of the transient allenyl enolate intermediate of the vanadium-catalyzed Meyer-Schuster rearrangement with aldehydes and imines has been studied computationally using density functional theory. Mechanistic details of the catalytic cycles for each of the reaction variants are established. In particular, it is shown that the active form of I the catalyst contains two triphenylsiloxy ligands, the transesterification of vanadate occurs via sigma-bond metathesis, and vanadium enolate is directly involved in the key C-C bond formation. The calculations also provide support for the dissociative course of the key 1,3-shift step. The stereochemistry of the reaction is thoroughly investigated, and the obtained energy barriers reproduce and rationalize the experimentally observed (Z)-, (E)-selectivity. The calculated free energy profiles are analyzed in terms of efficiency of the intermediate enolate interception. It is shown that the investigated reactions represent borderline cases, in which the intermediate trapping is only slightly favored over the undesired isomerization pathway.

  • 10.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jezowska, Martina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Palladium-catalyzed propargylic substitution with phosphorus nucleophiles2010In: Abstracts of Papers, 240th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, United States, August 22-26, 2010, Washington, D C: American Chemical Society , 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jezowska, Martina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Preparation of arylphosphonates by palladium(0)-catalyzed cross-coupling in the presence of acetate additives: Synthetic and mechanistic studies2009In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 351, no 18, p. 3207-3216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An efficient protocol for the synthesis of arylphosphonate diesters via a palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling of H-phosphonate diesters with aryl electrophiles, promoted by acetate ions, was developed. A significant shortening of the cross-coupling time in the presence of the added acetate ions was achieved for bidentate and monodentate supporting ligands, and for different aryl electrophiles (iodo, bromo and triflate derivatives). The reaction conditions were optimized in terms of amount of the catalyst, supporting ligands, and source of the acetate ion used. Various arylphosphonates, including those of potential biological significance, were synthesized using this newly developed protocol. Some mechanistic aspects of the investigated reactions are also discussed.

  • 12.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Johansson, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jezowska, Martina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Palladium-catalyzed propargylic substitution with phosphorus nucleophiles: efficient, stereoselective synthesis of allenylphosphonates and related compounds2010In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 12, no 20, p. 4702-4704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new, efficient method is developed, based on a palladium(0)-catalyzed reaction of propargylic derivatives with various phosphorus nucleophiles, to produce allenylphosphonates and their analogues with defined stereochemistry in the allenic and the phosphonate moiety. 

  • 13.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Efficient synthesis of mono-and diarylphosphinic acids: a microwave-assisted palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling of aryl halides with phosphinate2009In: Tetrahedron, ISSN 0040-4020, E-ISSN 1464-5416, Vol. 65, no 50, p. 10406-10412Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A general, efficient method for the microwave-assisted synthesis of mono- and diarylphosphinic acids from anilinium phosphinate and aryl halides, using Pd(0) and Xantphos as a supporting ligand, was developed.

  • 14.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Novel, stereoselective and stereospecific synthesis of allenylphosphonates and related compounds via palladium-catalyzed propargylic substitution2011In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 353, no 10, p. 1741-1755Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have developed a novel method for the synthesis of allenylphosphonates and related compounds based on a palladium(0)-catalyzed reaction of propargylic derivatives with H-phosphonate,H-phosphonothioate, H-phosphonoselenoate, and H-phosphinateesters. The reaction is stereoselective and stereospecific, and provides a convenient entry to a vast array of allenylphosphonates and their analogues with diverse substitution patterns in the allenic moiety and at the phosphorus center. Some mechanistic aspects of this new reaction were also investigated.

  • 15.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Palladium-catalyzed C-P bond formation: Mechanistic studies on the ligand substitution and the reductive elimination. An intramolecular catalysis by the acetate group in PdII complexes2008In: Organometallics, ISSN 0276-7333, E-ISSN 1520-6041, Vol. 27, no 22, p. 5876-5888Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ligand substitution and reductive elimination of the palladium-catalyzed C−P bond forming cross-coupling were investigated in depth. It was found that for PhPdII(PPh3)2X (X = I, Br, Cl) complexes, a step commonly referred to as ligand substitution commenced with coordination of an H-phosphonate diester, followed by its deprotonation to form an equilibrium mixture of penta- and tetracoordinate palladiumphosphonate intermediates, from which reductive elimination of the product (diethyl phenylphosphonate) occurred. For the acetate counterpart, PhPdII(PPh3)2(OAc), the incorporation of a phosphonate moiety to the complex was preceded by a rate-determining removal of the supporting phosphine ligand, facilitated by an intramolecular catalysis by the acetate group. Both the reaction steps, i.e., formation of palladiumphosphonate intermediates and reductive elimination, were significantly faster for the acetate versus halides containing PdII complexes investigated. Similar observations were found to be true also for bidentate ligand complexes [(dppp)PdII(Ph)X]; however, in this instance, a single palladiumphosphonate intermediate, (dppp)PdII(Ph)(PO(OEt)2), could be observed by 31P NMR spectroscopy. The synthetic and kinetic studies on the cross-coupling reaction of diethyl H-phosphonate with phenyl halides permitted us to elucidate a crucial catalytic role of an acetate group in PdII complexes and to propose two distinctive catalytic cycles, which complemented traditional Pd0/PdII schemes, for the palladium-mediated C−P bond formation.

  • 16.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pd(0)-Catalyzed phosphorus-carbon bond formation: Mechanistic and synthetic studies on the role of the palladium sources and anionic additives2007In: Organometallics, ISSN 0276-7333, E-ISSN 1520-6041, Vol. 26, no 24, p. 5840-5847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pd(PPh3)4, Pd(dba)2, Pd(OAc)2, and PdCl2, have been evaluated as possible Pd(0) sources for the palladium-catalyzed P−C bond formation via a cross-coupling of aryl halides with H-phosphonate diesters. It was found that the most efficient catalytic system can be generated from Pd(OAc)2 with a key role being played by Pd(II) and Pd(0) species with coordinated acetate ions. The reactivity of differently ligated Pd(II) complexes was determined, and 31P NMR spectroscopy studies were carried out to provide mechanistic interpretations for the observed differences between the catalytic systems.

  • 17.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthetic studies on the P-C bond formation via a palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction. Application to the synthesis of P-arylated nucleic acids2008In: Collection Symposium Series, Vol. 10, 2008, p. 214-218Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ziadi, Asraa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Microwave-assisted palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling of aryl and vinyl halides with H-phosphonate diesters2008In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 10, no 20, p. 4637-4640Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A general and efficient method for the microwave-assisted formation of the C−P bond was developed. Using a prevalent palladium catalyst, Pd(PPh3)4, a quantitative cross-coupling of various H-phosphonate diesters with aryl and vinyl halides was achieved in less than 10 min. The reactions occurred with retention of configuration at the phosphorus center and in the vinyl moiety. Using this protocol, several C-phosphonates, including those bearing nucleoside and cholesteryl moieties, were prepared in high yields.

  • 19.
    Lavén, Gaston
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jezowska, Martina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Preparation of benzylphosphonates via a palladium(0)-catalyzed cross-coupling of H-phosphonate diesters with benzyl halides. Synthetic and mechanistic studies2010In: New Journal of Chemistry, ISSN 1144-0546, E-ISSN 1369-9261, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 967-975Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have developed a new, efficient method for the synthesis of benzylphosphonate andbenzylphosphonothioate diesters via a palladium(0)-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction betweenbenzyl halides and H-phosphonate or H-phosphonothioate diesters, using Pd2(dba)3(CHCl3)as a palladium source and Xantphos as a supporting ligand. Some mechanistic aspects of thesereactions were investigated using 31P NMR spectroscopy.

  • 20.
    Söderberg, Linda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Laven, Gaston
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    (31)P NMR AND COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES ON STEREOCHEMISTRY OF CONVERSION OF PHOSPHORAMIDATE DIESTERS INTO THE CORRESPONDING PHOSPHOTRIESTERS2011In: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids, ISSN 1525-7770, E-ISSN 1532-2335, Vol. 30, no 7-9, p. 552-564Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    (31)P NMR spectroscopy was used to investigate a stereochemical course of a nitrite-promoted conversion of phosphoramidate diesters into the corresponding phosphotriesters. It was found that this reaction occurred with almost complete epimerization at the phosphorus center and at the C1 atom in the amine moiety. On the basis of the (31)P NMR data, a plausible mechanism for the reaction was proposed. The density functional theory calculation of the key step of the reaction, i.e., breaking of the P-N bond and formation of the P-O bond, suggested a one-step S(N)2(P) process with retention of configuration at the phosphorus center.

  • 21.
    Wallin, Richard
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bartoszewicz, Agnieszka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Thelin, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    On the sulfurization of H-phosphonate diesters and phosphite triesters using elemental sulfur2009In: Phosphorus Sulfur and Silicon and the Related Elements, ISSN 1042-6507, E-ISSN 1563-5325, Vol. 184, no 4, p. 908-916Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 21 of 21
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