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  • 1.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Exploring the Dynamics of Security Community-Building in the Post-Cold War Era: Spain, Morocco and the European Union2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to make a theoretical as well as an empirical contribution to the debate on the security community concept in International Relations (IR) by way of conducting a study of the European Union (EU) as a security community-building institution in the case of Spain and Morocco. The security community concept originally sought to define the conditions under which the threat of inter-state war would be mitigated through social transaction and expectations of peaceful change between societies and states. However, in the post-Cold War era, the challenge is rather to understand how security communities emerge and expand at a time when armed conflicts among states have become less frequent compared to other non-military threats and trans-boundary risks (e.g. terrorism, failed states, organized crime, pandemics, climate change). The argument of this thesis is that the role of international organizations and the changing notion of security need to be taken into account when re-thinking the concept. Drawing on constructivism in IR, especially the notion of communities of practice, the thesis suggests a framework to study how security communities work in the post-Cold War era focusing on the mechanisms of crisis management, transgovernmental networks and multilateral venues. The framework is used to study the EU as a security community-building institution in the case of Spain (member state) and Morocco (non-member), and in the fields of trade, security and defence and civil protection. The main finding of the thesis, which carries broader implications for the debate on security communities in IR, is that the EU has contributed to broadening the repertoire of cooperative security practices between Spain and Morocco, not necessarily through fostering collective identity but by supporting the development of communities of practitioners whom increasingly share a notion of military and civilian crisis management to counter non-military threats and trans-boundary risks.

  • 2.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Security, Governance and Community beyond the European Union: Exploring Issue-Level Dynamics in Euro-Mediterranean Civil Protection2010In: Mediterranean Politics, ISSN 1362-9395, E-ISSN 1743-9418, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 169-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    EU civil protection captures important aspects of the changing security landscape of post-Cold War Europe and the role that the EU now plays in providing safety and security to citizens and societal functions inside and outside the Union. Since the mid-1990s the EU has also promoted regional cooperation on civil protection in the Euro-Mediterranean area. This article aims to explore the issue-level dynamics of Euro-Med civil protection in order to address the main themes of this volume, policy convergence, differentiation and region-building. The main conclusion is that the strong operational component in Euro-Med civil protection has fostered the build-up of a transgovernmental network around the Mediterranean which might serve the goal of partnership and even community-building in the Euro-Mediterranean area.

  • 3.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Security, Governance and Community beyond the European Union: Exploring Issue-Level Dynamics in Euro-Mediterranean Civil Protection2012In: The Challenge of Differentiation in Euro-Mediterranean Relations: Flexible Regional Cooperation or Fragmentation / [ed] Esther Barbé, Anna Herranz-Surrallés, Routledge, 2012, p. 40-59Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Britz, Malena
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för Säkerhet och Strategi.
    Uncovering the Diverging Institutional Logics of EU Civil Protection2009In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 288-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of European Union (EU) civil protection cooperation

    highlights important issues in the debate on the internal–external

    security nexus. It points to the increased transnationalization of threats

    usually assigned to the field of ‘internal’ security, but it also presents

    researchers with a puzzle: despite the relatively rapid development of

    civil protection cooperation, there is still substantial disagreement among

    the EU member states as to how it should continue to develop. Applying

    an analytical framework based on neo-institutional organization theory

    and the study of organizational ‘fields’, this article explores two questions:

    What is the institutional basis for member states’ diverging

    positions on the future direction of EU civil protection? and How may

    these positions affect the current development of EU civil protection?

    Our analysis draws upon empirical evidence from civil protection practice

    in Spain, Sweden and the EU, including official documents in the

    form of bills and laws, policy papers and elite interviews. We find that

    the basis for member states’ diverging positions on the future of EU

    civil protection is rooted in conflicting national institutional logics

    of civil protection. No logic has become dominant at the EU level,

    suggesting that as long as multiple institutional logics continue to coexist,

    disagreement on the future development of European level civil

    protection cooperation will persist.

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