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  • 1. Lundin, Andreas
    et al.
    Falkstedt, Daniel
    Lundberg, Ingvar
    Hemmingsson, Tomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Unemployment and coronary heart disease among middle-aged men in Sweden: 39 243 men followed for 8 years2014In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1351-0711, E-ISSN 1470-7926, Vol. 71, no 3, p. 183-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Although unemployment may be a stressful life event, its association with coronary heart disease (CHD) remains unclear. This study examines the association between unemployment and later hospitalisation due to CHD. Methods The study was based on a Swedish military conscription cohort of 18 to 20-year-old men from 1969/1970 (n=49321) with information provided on health status and health behaviours. Information on unemployment in middle age was obtained from national registers. CHD information was obtained from hospital registers and the cause of death register. Cox proportional hazard analyses were run on the 39243 individuals who were in paid employment in 1996 and 1997. Results It was found that 90days of unemployment was associated with subsequent CHD during 8years follow-up (crude HR=1.47, 95% CI 1.23 to 1.75). Controlling for known risk factors for CHD reduced the association but a significant association remained (HR=1.24, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.48); 90days of unemployment was significantly associated with CHD during the first 4years (HR adjusted for known risk factors=1.31, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.71). Conclusions Unemployment was associated with increased risk of CHD after adjustment for confounders. We interpret the increased risk of CHD associated with unemployment as potentially the somatic result of a process started by stress.

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