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  • 1.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    A Viking Period Sword from Skäckerfjällen with a Decorated Antler Grip2015In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 110, no 4, p. 289-290Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Anders Wepsäläinen, Stalotomterna. En kritisk granskning av forskningsläget rörande en omdiskuterad fornlämningstyp, Acta Academiae Regiae Gustavi Adolphi 117, Uppsala 20112016In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 111, no 1, p. 62-64Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Borgarståndets riksdagsprotokoll: 10 juli 1761-1 mars 17622017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Borgarståndets riksdagsprotokoll: 15 oktober 1760–9 juli 17612017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Borgarståndets riksdagsprotokoll: 6 mars-13 juli, bilagor, register 17622017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Dateringen av Västerhus kyrkogård: Ett bidrag till studiet av Jämtlands kristnande [The Dating of Västerhus Cemetery: A Contribution to the Study of Christianization in Jämtland]2009In: Västerhus: Kapell, kyrkogård och befolkning / [ed] Elisabeth Iregren, Verner Alexandersen & Lars Redin, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien , 2009, p. 130-153Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, which is a somewhat extended version of an article originally published in Current Swedish Archaeology 14 (2006), the author uses different dating methods to try to show that the Västerhus cemetery was established between c. 1125 and 1250 and that it ceased to be used between c. 1375 and 1500. In any event the cemetery most likely was in use for more than 200 years. The proposed dates are later than those proposed previously on the basis of 14C analyses of skeletons from the cemetery. In the author’s opinion, the 14C dates are probably misleading on account of reservoir effects.

    The Västerhus church and cemetery – which yielded one of the best preserved and most wellstudied medieval skeletal materials in northern Europe – were thus not established at the time of Jämtland’s official Christianization, as earlier claimed, but instead one or a few generations later. The author points out that several other early churches and cemeteries in Jämtland are just as late. Similar gaps in time between the official Christianization and the widespread building of churches are also known from other parts of Scandinavia.

  • 7.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Den norsk-svenska riksgränsens ålder och hävd: En studie av rikssamlingsprocesser och gränsbildning i mellersta Skandinavien [The Age and Custom of the Norwegian-Swedish Frontier: A Study of State Formation and Frontier Formation in Central Scandinavia]2003In: Collegium Medievale, ISSN 0801-9282, E-ISSN 2387-6700, Vol. 16, p. 135-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel granskas ett antal medeltida dokument om den norsk-svenska riksgränsen i området från norra Jämtland ned till skogarna mellan Särna och Västerdalarna. Avsikten är att klarlägga när och hur denna riksgräns vann hävd. Därigenom hoppas författaren kunna belysa rikssamlingsprocesser – särskilt den svenska – i mellersta Skandinavien.

    Författaren finner att en riksgräns utmed Ångermanland, Medelpad och Hälsingland vunnit hävd senast under tidigt 1200-tal. Riksgränsen utmed Dalarna kan spåras tillbaka till 1000- och 1100-tal. Som gränsmärken fungerade i regel naturföreteelser, mestadels i avlägsna utmarker. De hävdvunna gränsmärkena memorerades och kunskapen traderades länge enbart muntligen av lokalbefolkningen. Skäl talar för att riksgränsen, som ägde hög judiciell status, var till gagn för gränsborna när det gällde att säkra sig rättigheter till utmarker. Utmarksnäringarna var nödvändiga för bondehushållen i de områden riksgränsen löper genom. Således bör härskarnas territoriella och böndernas näringsmässiga intressen ha sammanfallit när riksgränsen etablerades. Detta ger en rimlig förklaring till hur riksgränsen kunde vinna hävd så tidigt – i gränsbygder som ännu i stort tillhörde en traditionell, förkristen kultur.

  • 8.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Digerdödens följder för jordägandet: Exemplet Jämtland2011In: Historisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0018-263X, E-ISSN 1504-2944, Vol. 90, no 1, p. 7-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The consequences of the Black Death for the ownership of land: The Jämtland case

    To what extent did private landed property in Norway go to the Crown after the Black Death (1349–50) and subsequent epidemics when no one wanted to take up ownership and consequent duties because of the dramatic decline inpopulation? This question, which has not been investigated in earlier research, is studied here with Jämtland as a case in point. In Jämtland it was quite common for farms to be deserted after the Black Death, ownerless even, and to come into the possession of the Crown, especially in the case of smaller, less attractive, landed properties in marginal areas. On the one hand, the Jämtland case demonstrates the consequences of depopulation after the Black Death, and, on the other, the far-reaching regal rights that could be claimed in Norway in the 14th century. Later, however, when the farmers began showing renewed interest in taking over the deserted farms, representatives of the Crown returned the ownership to individuals through a great number of gifts.

  • 9.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Förstörelsen av helgonbilder i reformationstidens Jämtland2017In: Historisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0018-263X, E-ISSN 1504-2944, Vol. 96, no 4, p. 389-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Breaking of Idols in Reformation-Period Jämtland

    The Reformation implied the abolition of the cult of the saints, but to what extent were images thrown out of the churches in Norway? This question is studied here with Jämtland as a case in point. After having belonged ecclesiastically to Sweden for several hundred years, this province was transferred to the diocese of Trondheim in Norway in 1571. Norway was, at that time, part of the Danish conglomerate state. The author shows that in Jämtland the altar screens from the Catholic period on the high altars in the churches were, to a large extent, replaced by so-called catechism altarpieces towards the end of the 16th century and at the beginning of the 17th. These altarpieces had no images of the saints, but, rather, quotations from the catechisms in Danish; occasionally other quotations from the Scriptures too, in addition to painted symbols or motifs according to Lutheran ideals (Figs. 1–2). In connection with the acquisition of these new altarpieces and other Protestant church fittings, some local vicars chose to throw out all images of the saints, considering them to be idols. Others were more tolerant and allowed them to remain in the churches. On the whole, the tolerance towards images of the saints was obviously lower in the Danish-Norwegian province of Jämtland than in the provinces east of Jämtland, which remained Swedish during the Reformation period. This transformation of the churches of Jämtland in the late Reformation period appears as largely forced through by people in positions of authority, without support from the populace. The author describes one case (Offerdal) where the images of the saints, after having been thrown out by the vicar from the parish church, were taken care of by some locals and placed in small, non-official chapels where they continued to be worshipped.

  • 10.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Hyveljärn eller samisk skinnskrapa?: Ett gåtfullt eggverktyg från järnåldern2016In: Arkeologi i norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 15, p. 63-89Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Plane Iron or Sámi Hide Scraper? A Puzzling Edge Tool from the Iron Age

    This article addresses the function, use and ethnic affiliation of small iron edge tools of type Rygh 416 (reproduced by O. Rygh in Norske Oldsager in 1885). These are known from many excavated graves and settlement sites especially in Mid-Scandinavia, mainly dating from the Migration and Merovingian Periods (fifth/sixth–eighth centuries AD), but also from at least two places further to the south: the centres for shipbuilding, trade and crafts at Lundeborg on Funen and Paviken on Gotland. The author rejects the possibility that this kind of tool was used as a hide scraper, with a transverse shaft of wood, as recently proposed. Several characteristics of the edge tools found, together with their find contexts, strongly conflict with this notion. Instead the author adheres to the traditional opinion that it is probably a matter of a North-European type of plane iron, although no complete plane with such an iron has been found so far. Possible applications may have been the manufacture of ships at places such as Lundeborg and Paviken, and skis and sledges in Mid-Scandinavia.

    Arguments are also put forward rejecting another conclusion drawn in recent research, namely that this kind of tool represents a specific Sámi material culture. The tool is in fact known from a number of disparate milieus. Thus, it is likely to have been used across ethnic barriers – in so far it is possible to speak about such barriers in Scandinavia during the period in question.

  • 11.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Hälle, Hällne och fsv. *hændil2017In: Namn och bygd, ISSN 0077-2704, Vol. 105, p. 51-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses Hälle, the name of a village in Brunflo parish and of a deserted farm in Alsen parish, and Hällne, the name of a village in Oviken parish, all in Jämtland, Sweden. In late medieval sources these places were referred to as Hændla (pl.). This name corresponds to a noun OSw. *hændil m. ‘something similar to a hand’, a word otherwise known from five place-names in Götaland in southern Sweden. The author suggests that the three Hændla places in Jämtland owe their name to metaphorical use of the word *hændil. In one case the name probably referred to a peculiar rock formation, in another to a distinctive erratic boulder, and in the third case possibly to a contour in the terrain.

  • 12.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Jämtarnas kyrkobyggande under medeltiden2002In: Jämten. Länsmuseets och Heimbygdas årsbok, ISSN 0348-9825, Vol. 95, p. 86-106Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Jämtland före 1645: Bibliografi 1970-20102011In: Jämtland och den jämtländska världen 1000-1645 / [ed] Olof Holm, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien , 2011, p. 242-297Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Jämtland och den jämtländska världen 1000-16452011Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Jämtland och den jämtländska världen 1000-16452011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Jämtlands karaktärsdrag 1000-1645: Försök till en syntes och förslag till vidare forskning2011In: Jämtland och den jämtländska världen 1000-1645 / [ed] Olof Holm, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien , 2011, p. 206-241Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Jämtlands och Härjedalens dansk-norska länsherrar och fogdar 1601–16452016In: Böter och fredsköp: Jämtlands och Härjedalens saköreslängder 1601–1645 / [ed] Olof Holm, Georg Hansson, Christer Kalin, Östersund: Landsarkivet i Östersund , 2016, p. 277-286Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Jämtlands och Härjedalens diplomatarium: D. 3, 1520-15301995Book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Kung Håkon Magnusson och "det östra riket" 1301: kommentar till Magnus Njåstad2015In: Heimen, ISSN 0017-9841, E-ISSN 1894-3195, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 190-192Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Riksdagsbiblioteket, Sverige.
    Materiell kultur och samisk etnicitet - En källkritisk kommentar till Hilde Rigmor Amundsen och Kristin Os2016In: Heimen, ISSN 0017-9841, E-ISSN 1894-3195, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 93-96Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Riksdagsbiblioteket, Sverige.
    Materiell kultur och samisk etnicitet - Replik till Hilde Rigmor Amundsen och Kristin Os2016In: Heimen, ISSN 0017-9841, E-ISSN 1894-3195, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 227-231Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Metallsökning kan ge nordliga järnåldersfynd2014In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 26-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Namnet Andersön i Storsjön i Jämtland – förhistoriskt eller medeltida?2017In: Mellannorrland i centrum: Språkliga och historiska studier tillägnade professor Eva Nyman / [ed] Lars-Erik Edlund, Elżbieta Strzelecka, Thorsten Andersson, Umeå: Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet , 2017, p. 257-266Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Andersön is the name of the third largest island in Lake Storsjön in Jämtland, Mid-Scandinavia. The name has previously been considered as medieval, being composed of the Christian male name Andreas (Andres, Anders) and ON øy 'island'. However, this interpretation is not congruent with the oldest attested form of the name, Undursey, known from Sverris saga. In this paper it is argued that the name contains the word ON undurn, undorn, designating a point of time between noon and evening (or between morning and noon). According to the author the name is prehistoric and means 'the island over which the sun is at undurn'.

  • 24.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Norske sigiller fra middelalderen, 3: Geistlige segl fra Nidaros bispedømme, utg. av O. Fjordholm, E.B. Hohler, H. Kjellberg & B. Nyquist, Oslo: Riksarkivet, 20122014In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 114, p. 194-195Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Om behovet av metallsökning sett i ljuset av några järnåldersfynd från Brunflo i Jämtland2014In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 109, p. 215-217Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Om källvärdet av kyrkplatssägner för studiet av nedlagda medeltidskyrkor2010In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, Vol. 60, p. 22-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On the source value of legends about church sites for the study of deserted medieval churches

    It is a well-known fact, that not all churches built in the Middle Ages were upheld into the early modern period. Some were closed down already in the Middle Ages or in connection with the Reformation, especially in areas where the churches lied very close to each other. Such churches are often difficult to trace and localize, due to the scarcity of sources. Recently, however, some scholars have claimed that it would be possible to trace such churches with the help of legends about church sites. But does such a method work? The author’s answer to that question is negative. Through a critical analysis of legends about church sites recorded in the province of Jämtland, Mid-Scandinavia, he demonstrates that the legends have been, as a rule, invented by people in the local community to explain and give meaning to a place name, an abandoned place, an ancient monument or other remarkable things that have been observed in the landscape.

    Legends about church sites may, in some cases, be connected to places with names containing the words kyrka or kapell in the first element, where there in fact has been a church or a chapel standing a long time ago. In such cases, the legend cannot be seen as an extra indication to the place name when it comes to tracing the deserted church, since the legend might well be an explanatory legend to the place name and thus dependent on this.

  • 27.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Register över stånds- och ämbetspersoner2016In: Böter och fredsköp: Jämtlands och Härjedalens saköreslängder 1601–1645 / [ed] Olof Holm, Georg Hansson, Christer Kalin, Östersund: Landsarkivet i Östersund , 2016, p. 314-317Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Självägarområdenas egenart: Jämtland och andra områden i Skandinavien med småskaligt jordägande 900–15002012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis takes its departure from the fact that in the 16th century there were some regions in Scandinavia where almost all land was held by freeholders, while in other regions large areas of land were held by landlords. The aim of the study is to determine which factors had been decisive in the development of this regional variation. One factor is known from earlier research: the conditions for farming, dependent on climate and natural features. In this thesis the author points out another important factor, namely the conditions for people in the countryside to acquire surplus from trade. This is done through an in-depth investigation of the society of Jämtland in the period AD 900–1500, which is then compared with other freeholders’ regions, treated briefly.

    It is observed that the landownership had been small-scale or mostly small-scale in all these regions for many centuries before the 16th century, and that there are strong indications of the wealthiest farmers being traders and having their surplus mostly drawn from trade activities. It is reasonable to believe that the lack of willingness to invest in estates in these regions was due to the fact that those who had resources gave priority to investments in interregional and regional trade instead. They probably saw better chances of gaining more surplus from trade activities than from the agrarian economy, given the conditions for trading and crop cultivation, respectively, that were prevailing there. In such a region, hence, an important economic force for estate-formation was missing. This will explain why certain regions, like Jämtland or Gotland, developed into and remained as freeholders’ regions.

    Another observation concerns the social structure of freeholders’ regions. It is observed that the societies in these regions seem to have been less hierarchical on the local level than societies in regions dominated by landlords – even though the differences in fortunes could be great.

  • 29.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Social och ekonomisk stratifiering i Jämtland 800-1600: en kritisk forskningsöversikt2010In: Collegium Medievale, ISSN 0801-9282, E-ISSN 2387-6700, Vol. 23, p. 114-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides a critical survey of research on social and economic stratification within the province of Jämtland, Mid-Scandinavia, during the Viking Age, Middle Ages, and the 16th century. Both historical, archaeological, and toponymical research is covered.

    The author shows that the grade of social and economical stratification among the peasant population of Jämtland during the Viking Age and the early Middle Ages, up to circa 1350, have been judged very differently in former research. Some scholars have characterized Jämtland during this period as a strongly stratified society, others have characterized Jämtland as a relatively egalitarian society, where the distance between the top and the bottom were smaller than in many other parts of Scandinavia. However, when it comes to the 16th century there seems to be a consensus among scholars that Jämtland was unusually egalitarian.

    Scholars have also put forward different opinions of what the elites of Jämtland lived on. Some have claimed that a surplus from trade was more important than a surplus from farming, while others have claimed that before 1350 an agrarian surplus was the base for the elite, but that this stratified society collapsed with the Black Death and the late medieval agrarian crisis. The author objects to the latter opinions and points out that there is no evidence for a large change of the social structure of Jämtland at the time of the agrarian crisis.

    All this concerns the agrarian population of Jämtland. The author also touches on the Sami population in Jämtland, but notes that questions about social and economic stratification within this group before 1600 have not been disussed in earlier research, due to the the lack of sources. However, sources from the first half of the 17th century give the impression of a strongly stratified Sami society.

  • 30.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Supplement till Jämtlands och Härjedalens diplomatarium1999Book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    [Texterna nr 286 och 493]2011In: Diplomatarium Norvegicum:   / [ed] Tor Ulset, Oslo: Riksarkivet , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    The Dating of Västerhus Cemetery: A Contribution to the Study of Christianization in Jämtland2006In: Current Swedish Archaeology, ISSN 1102-7355, Vol. 14, p. 109-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the author uses different dating methods to try to show that the Västerhus cemetery was established between c. 1125 and 1250 and that it ceased to be used between c. 1375 and 1500. This time period is later than the dates proposed previously on the basis of 14C analyses of skeletons from the cemetery. In the author’s opinion, the 14C dates are probably misleading on account of reservoir effects.

    The Västerhus church and cemetery – which yielded one of the best preserved and most well-studied medieval skeletal materials in northern Europe – were thus not established at the time of Jämtland’s official Christianization, as earlier claimed, but instead one or a few generations later. The author points out that several other early churches and cemeteries in Jämtland are just as late. Similar gaps in time between the official Christianization and the widespread building of churches are also known from other parts of Scandinavia.

  • 33.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    The Herjólfr Legend from Härjedalen and Its Resemblances to the Stories of Landnámabók2009In: Á austrvega: Saga and East Scandinavia: preprint papers of the 14th International Saga Conference Uppsala, 9th-15th August 2009. Vol. 1 / [ed] Agneta Ney, Henrik Williams & Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist (red.), Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2009, p. 390-397Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    The Integration of Härjedalen into the Norwegian Kingdom2010In: The Norwegian Domination and the Norse World c.1100-c.1400 / [ed] Steinar Imsen, Trondheim: Tapir Academic Press , 2010, p. 229-249Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a few variables studied, the author states that Härjedalen was only weakly integrated into the Norwegian kingdom in the Middle Ages - probably the least integrated province along the whole Norwegian-Swedish border. However, there were other inland districts in Norway that could be compared to Härjedalen. Upper Telemark seems to be a good example. They had in common that they were situated in peripheries of the kingdom, had rather poor conditions for arable farming, and were sparsely populated. For the Norwegian Crown, there was not much to acquire in these areas. Härjedalen's integration into the Norwegian Church province was also comparatively weak, as was the Norwegian identity among the population of Härjedalen.

  • 35.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    The Use of Silver as a Medium of Exchange in Jämtland, c. 875–10502017In: Viking-age transformations: Trade, Craft and Resources in Western Scandinavia / [ed] Zanette T. Glørstad, Kjetil Loftsgarden, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 42-58Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At Viking-period emporia such as Kaupang and Birka there is an abundance of archaeological evidence of silver being used as money. But what about rural areas in Scandinavia? This paper discusses a regional case: an area located inland, right in the middle of the Scandinavian Peninsula, namely the province of Jämtland. One could perhaps presume that in a remote rural region like this (as seen from Viking period trading centres) silver was not used in trading activities to any large extent among the populace. But the archaeological evidence from the middle and late Viking period suggests the opposite.

  • 36.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. The Riksdag Library, Stockholm.
    Trading in Viking-Period Scandinavia - a Business Only for a Few? The Jämtland Case2015In: Viking and Medieval Scandinavia, ISSN 1782-7183, E-ISSN 2030-9902, Vol. 11, p. 79-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the question of whether trading in rural areas in Scandinavia during the middle and late Viking period (c. 875‒1050/75) was largely in the hands of elite groups in the society, or if a trading system more open to popular participation prevailed. Jämtland, a region in inland Mid-Scandinavia, is investigated here and constitutes an example of an area with a seemingly open system. On the basis primarily of grave finds, the author shows that many people living in Jämtland participated in buying and selling goods (e.g. furs) to such an extent that they had obtained scales and weights as tools of trade and used weighed silver as a means of payment. This widespread usage of silver as payment had arisen in spite of Jämtland’s remoteness from the major Scandinavian trading centres of the time. Several geographical, cultural, social, and economic factors that might explain this development in Jämtland are discussed.

  • 37.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Träkyrkor, stenkyrkor, västtorn och absider: katalog till artikeln Jämtarnas kyrkobyggande under medeltiden2003Report (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Vad var Jamtamot?2000In: Oknytt, ISSN 0349-1706, Vol. 21, no 1-2, p. 64-96Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Holm, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Hansson, GeorgKalin, Christer
    Böter och fredsköp: Jämtlands och Härjedalens saköreslängder 1601–16452016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is an edition, with commentary, of a series of judicial accounts for the pro­vinces of Jämtland and Härjedalen, dating from 1601 to 1645. Jämtland and Här­jedalen are today parts of Sweden, but belonged to Norway until 1645. During the period in question, Norway was part of the dualistic unitary state of Den­mark-Norway. The present accounts were made by the bailiffs serving in Jämtland and Härje­dalen. They report fines collected by the bailiffs and the misdeeds people were fined for. The bailiffs were subordinate to the feudal lord residing in Trond­heim, who had the right to one sixth of the fines collected. The rest of the fines went, together with the accounts and other revenues and records as well, to the treasury of King Kristian IV in Copenhagen. Today all these records are kept in the national archives of Norway and Sweden. In the introduction, Per Sörlin describes and discusses the contents of the judicial accounts, the criminality they reflect, the social setting, the administra­tion in Jämtland and Härjedalen, along with other subjects. In the main part of the edition all text of the judicial accounts is transcribed. Two lists of so-called ‘fredsköp’ (purchases of peace), i.e. fines for eluding outlawry after the 1611–1613 war against Sweden, are included as appendices. These fines were paid by farmers of Jämtland who were punished by the Danish King for disloyalty during the war. Also included in the edition are an investigation of the feudal lords and bailiffs in charge in Jämtland and Härjedalen 1601–45, indices of place-names and officials, and a word list.

  • 40. Olofsson, Björn
    et al.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Dateringar av kyrkor i Jämtland: Dendrokronologiska och byggnadshistoriska undersökningar 2011-20122013Report (Other academic)
1 - 40 of 40
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