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  • 1.
    Appelqvist, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    A Crise Mundial e a União Europeia2011In: A Desordem Internacional anordnad av Fundação Economica e Estatistica,(FEE), 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Appelqvist, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Bruten brygga: Gunnar Myrdal och Sveriges ekonomiska efterkrigspolitik 1943-19472000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The political project of Gunnar Myrdal in Sweden’s post-war planning is characterised and its application in different areas of economic policy in the first post-war years is analysed. His participation in the government, ending in 1947 at the time of a currency crisis, is generally regarded as a failure. A failure for what and why? These questions are addressed in a way elucidating the margins of manoeuvre open to a small European country in the transition years between the Second World War and the Cold War era.

    The characterisation of the project draws on Myrdal’s personal archive, the archives of Arbetarrörelsens Fredsråd and the official Post-war Economic Planning Commission. The three case studies on the post-war policies draw on the National Bank Archive (financial and currency policy), on the archives of Sweden’s Department of Foreign Affairs and the archives of Bank of England (trade policy) and on parliamentary records and Erlander’s personal archive (monetary policy).

    It is argued that Myrdal’s views on economic policy differed radically from those of Ernst Wigforss, Sweden’s Minister of Finance. Criticising assumptions about an expansionary economic policy motivated by fears of economic depression, the study shows that Sweden’s post-war financial policy actually was restrictive in intent as well as to its effects. The study of Sweden’s trade policy shows its eastward trade these years to be grossly misrepresented, its currency support of Britain’s sterling to underestimated and the American intervention in our trade policy to be earlier than generally assumed. The final study on monetary policy demonstrates the predominance of domestic consumption concerns over considerations of trade balances.

    The inconsistencies of the government’s economic policy these years are finally related to Myrdal’s partial failure to get his project accepted initially and to the growing exacerbation of domestic and international tensions.

  • 3.
    Appelqvist, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Changements du système de protection sociale en Suède des années 1990: stabilité ou dépérissement2011In: L’histoire des systèmes de protection sociale XXe siècle, nouveaux chantiers, nouveaux objets, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Appelqvist, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    El rol de los intelectuales en el Norte y en el Sur2011In: Espacio interdisciplinario, Universidad de la Republica, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Appelqvist, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Förord2011In: Keynes : mästarens återkomst, Stockholm: Karneval , 2011Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Appelqvist, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Quales são as relações entre pensiamento, pensadores e instituções internacionais2011In: 5 Jornadas do Associação Uruguayana dos Historiadores de Històrica Economica (AUDHE), 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Appelqvist, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Socialisme démocratique et mouvements sociaux2011In: Socialisme et capitalisme. Histoire, mutations, nouveaux défis, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Appelqvist, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    We won’t pay: Assuming confrontation to open possibilities2011In: European Economist for an Alternative Economic Policy, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Appelqvist, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Prebisch and Myrdal: pioneers of development in the core and on the periphery 2011In: Journal of Global History, ISSN 1740-0228, E-ISSN 1740-0236, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 29-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ideas on development issues of two 'pioneers in development', Raul Prebisch and Gunnar Myrdal, are tracked in their formation and evolution. The central role of these two 'defiant bureaucrats' in the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) and the Economic Commission for Latin America (CEPAL) are used to reflect on the interaction between intellectuals and international institutions in different historical contexts. Both men represented a liberal-universal strand in development thinking. Their divergent conclusions and assessments of the role of international institutions are compared, and are related to their different origins in core and periphery. It is argued that such roots influenced two different approaches to development problems within the UN system.

1 - 9 of 9
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