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  • 1.
    Allern, Sigurd
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Bødker, Henrik
    Eide, Martin
    Lauk, Epp
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Introduction2013In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 34, p. 7-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Allern, Sigurd
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Kantola, Anu
    Ester, Pollack
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Blach-Ørsten, Mark
    Increased Scandalization: Nordic Political Scandals 1980-20102012In: Scandalous: the mediated construction of political scandals in four nordic countries / [ed] Sigurd Allern, Ester Pollack, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2012, p. 29-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Allern, Sigurd
    et al.
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Journalism as a public good: A Scandinavian perspective2017In: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The democratic importance of journalism is related to public good aspects of media products, as well as news media’s positive externalities. Journalism of high quality helps ensure we are all better informed and thus benefits democracy. Lack of investigative journalism may incur large social costs. However, journalism as a public good is difficult to fund on a commercial basis. Historically, an economic solution for media companies has been advertising subsidies, plus different types of public and private support. Today, the long-time marriage between news organisations and advertisers is severely weakened, and nothing so far suggests that digital revenues alone can finance a varied, broad and original news production. In the eyes of capitalist investors, news organisations represent the past, not the future. This article discusses, on the basis of Scandinavian media experiences and recent policy reforms, the necessity of a media policy and a funding system that acknowledges quality journalism as societal knowledge production and a public good.

  • 4.
    Allern, Sigurd
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Mediated Scandals2012In: Scandalou! The mediated construction of political scandals in four nordic countries / [ed] Sigurd Allern, Ester Pollack, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2012, p. 9-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Allern, Sigurd
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Nordic political scandals – Frequency, types and consequences2016In: Mediated Scandals: Gründe, Genese und Folgeeffekte von Medialer Skandalberichterstattung / [ed] Mark Ludwig, Thomas Schierl, Christian von Sikorski, Köln: Herbert von Halem Verlag, 2016, p. 146-164Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Investigating powerful institutions and public figures plays an important part in the professional ideology of journalism. Exposing circumstances that create scandals help news organisations strengthen their legitimacy, and sometimes result in journalistic awards.  In certain contexts journalistic investigations provide us with new knowledge about goings on in the hidden corridors of power, insights that can strengthen open, democratic debates. A society without any revelations that voters interpret as scandalous may be symptomatic of authoritarian control and a lack of press freedom. According to the sociologist Jeffrey Alexander (1988), journalists are taking in the responsibility of restoring the moral order of society.

    It would, however, be naïve to interpret any mediated scandal as strengthening democratic processes. Sometimes scandal reports reveal transgressions of norms that from a political point of view are quite trivial and after some time are easily forgotten by the public. The distinction between the important and the irrelevant may then be blurred. Democratic values are not necessarily enhanced when elected leaders, after days or weeks of media hunts, are pressed to resign before those who have elected them have a chance to influence the outcome. Neither do unilateral media campaigns that include tendencies of demonization create an ideal climate for reasoning and public debate.

    For a long time the Nordic region was regarded a scandal-free zone compared with other parts of Western Europe and the US. Commenting well-known political corruption cases in Western Germany in the 1980s, John Logue (1988: 261), for example, added that the Scandinavian labour movements and governments “are virtually free of such embarrassments”. Nobody would award such a political and moral certificate today.

    An analysis of national, political scandals in Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland covering the period 1980 – 2009, confirms that political scandals have gradually become a more regular feature in news media coverage, but with a low increase throughout the first two decades. The significant increase comes in 2000-2009, with a level nearly three times higher than in the first two decades (Allern, Kantola, Pollack & Blach-Ørsten, 2012).  In this article we will present some of the results from this Nordic study and compare them with a new analysis of national political scandals in two of the countries, Sweden and Norway, in the following five years (2010-2014). Three questions will be addressed: Is there still an increased incidence of mediated scandals over time? In a societal context, how important are the norm violations? What have been the consequences for scandalized politicians?

  • 6.
    Allern, Sigurd
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Pollack, EsterStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Scandalous: The Mediated Construction of Political Scandals in Four Nordic Countries2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Allern, Sigurd
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Svängdörrarnas förlovade land: Lobbyismens betydelse för klassamhällets eliter2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här texten diskuteras några av de demokratiproblem som är knutna till en samhällsutveckling där privat, kommersialiserad lobbying spelar en växande politisk roll och där politiskt tillitskapital kan utnyttjats kommersiellt.

    Först definieras och diskuteras begreppet lobbyism, därefter dryftas den ekonomiska och politiska bakgrunden till PR-branschens framväxt. Sedan går vi mer konkret in på politiska karriärer i ”svängdörrarnas rike” och ger exempel på politisk påtryckarmakt. Efter det för vi en diskussion om vilken typ av kompetens som är till salu på denna konsultmarknad.

    I slutavsnittet pekar vi på behovet av ökad öppenhet och hårdare reglering av ett politiskt system där politiskt förtroendekapital i rask takt förvandlas till en ordinär vara på marknaden.

  • 8.
    Allern, Sigurd
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Swedish Advocacy Think Tanks as News Sources and Agenda-Setters2016In: Tidsskriftet Politik, ISSN 1604-0058, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 61-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this paper is the media visibility of Swedish advocacy think tanks, as measured by references to these think tanks in leading Swedish print newspapers. Advocacy think tanks are, in contrast with more research-oriented think tanks, characterised by their outspoken ideological and political agenda. In public debates, they often have a partisan role. Four research questions will be answered: How often are these advocacy think tanks referred to in the news? How important are they as commentators and opinion-makers? How are they presented as sources in the news? What is the relative strength of market-liberal and right-wing think tanks versus red/green think tanks, in terms of media representation and agenda-setting?

    The selection criteria, type of newspapers, and time period used in this study of Swedish advocacy think tanks have been coordinated with parallel, national think tank studies by media researchers in Denmark, Norway, and Finland. Several changes in the think tank landscape took place after the turn of the millennium, which motivated us to select two full newspaper years, 2006 and 2013, to better cover these developments. To gain a deeper understanding of the think tanks’ backgrounds, their cooperation with other think tanks, and their media strategies, we conducted background interviews with representatives from four advocacy think tanks. We met with Karin Svanborg-Sjövall, CEO of Timbro; Boa Ruthström, CEO of Arena Idé, and Maja Dahl, communication manager of Arena Idé; Mattias Goldmann, CEO of Fores; and Daniel Suhonen, the leader of Katalys.

  • 9.
    Allern, Sigurd
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    The Marketplace of Scandals2012In: Scandalous: The Mediated Construction of Political Scandals in Four Nordic Countries / [ed] Sigurd Allern, Ester Pollack, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2012, p. 181-190Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Ester, Pollack
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Sandy blåste liv i fejkade fotografier: Under Strecket2012In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 8 novemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    På sociala medier fick spektakulära men ofta manipulerade fotografier av stormen Sandy hösten 2012 snabbt stor spridning. De plockades upp av nyhetsmedierna som vittnesbilder, en del autentiska, andra manipulerade. Att bevara en skepsis mot den glada amatörismen är en viktig utmaning för journalistiken i det digitala informationsflödet.

  • 11.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    en studie i... Medier och brott2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The principal objective of this study is to provide a concrete historical illumination of the interplay between the media, crime and crime policy over the course of the last 50 years. A further important objective is to identify the boundaries of a field of research, ëmediated crimeí, lying between criminology and media studies, and to show how these two disciplines can stimulate one another.

    A critical examination of criminological and media studies theories on the relationship between crime policy, the media and crime indicates that, given the objectives outlined above, the most fruitful theories are those based on an institutional approach, that employ a contextual constructivist and historical perspective. The moral panic perspective lends itself particularly well to adaptations in this field of enquiry.

    A longitudinal study of crime journalism covering the period 1915 to 1955 examined crime texts from a one-week period every tenth year in four national daily newspapers. One of the major findings was that the crimes referred to vary over time in a way that cannot simply be explained by crime trends. A further series of contextualised, cross-sectional studies of the years 1955, 1975 and 1995, have focused on the discourse relating to the young offender and societal responses to youth crime. The legislative reform relating to the introduction of community service was included in the study of the year 1995. The media treatment of the juvenile crime issue is analysed in relation to crime policy documents. Several methods are employed, principal among them being a context oriented discourse analysis. The findings from the cross-sectional studies are presented in three time tableaux, where the focus is directed at synchronous relationships.

    In 1955, journalism served the notion of the national welfare state. There is a high degree of consensus between media content and crime policy. The period is characterised by an optimistic faith in the integration of young deviants into society. By 1975, journalism has become more independent. In both the media and the field of crime policy, there is criticism of the prison system, but also a spirit of optimism in relation to the possibilities offered by treatment programs. In 1995, journalism is a central social institution where the essentials of crime policy are dealt with and played out. Actors with an effective media strategy are able to create a major impact through the media at the same time as the media, on the basis of their own initiatives, have a large impact on the political sphere. The media are characterised by a tangible spirit of pessimism in relation to both the future and the possibilities offered by treatment, and this is linked to depictions of a youth culture of violence.

    One important finding is that changes in crime policy are better understood when one looks to the institutional interplay between crime policy and the media. The use of the term media panic is proposed as a more widely applicable concept than the moral panic, to relate to all forms of media constructed panic and hate phenomena that are of significance for the way society deals with crime.

  • 12.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    "Extra, Extra. Hon sågas - hon avgår"2009In: SKANDALENES MARKEDSPLASS: POLITIKK, MORAL OG MEDIEDREV / [ed] Sigurd Aller & Ester Pollack, Bergen: Fagboksforlaget , 2009, 2000, p. 99-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Kriminaljournalistik 1915 till 19951996In: Medierummet / [ed] Karin Becker, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 1996, p. 111-140Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under perioden 1915-1995 ökar pressens intresse för brott. Artiklarna blir fler och illustreras oftare. Ett undantag är 1960-talet då kriminalitet beskrivs i termer av allmänna sociala problem. Vilka frågor eller vilka typer av brott som får uppmärksamhet över åren varierar. Ingen uppenbar korrelation mellan brottsutveckling och medierapportering om brott existerar. Under 1990-talet har texter som rör kriminalpolitiska frågor ökat markant och medierna blivit en arena för partipolitiska utspel på området samtidigt som mediernas kommersialisering och krav på underhållning gett brott större uppmärksamhet. 

  • 14.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Mediedrev och politiska skandaler2016In: Medielandskapet / [ed] Kurt Almqvist, Stockholm: Axel och Margaret Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse för allmännyttiga ändamål , 2016, p. 93-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige har mediedrev blivit en vanlig beteckning på en mediebevakning som är omfattande, kritisk men ensidig, och bär prägel av kampanj. ’Drevet går’ när många medier deltar och konkurrerar med varandra om att ’slänga ved på brasan’. Speciellt typisk är karakteristiken för delar av bevakningen under medierade politiska och ekonomiska skandaler och liknande ’affärer’. Men det händer också att de som utsätts för normal kritisk, journalistisk bevakning av en eller flera redaktioner försöker undfly kritiken med hänvisning till att den representerar ’ett drev’.

    En av de faktorer som skapar mediedrevets dynamik är nyhetskonkurrensen. Personfokuserade politikerskandaler kan se som en sorts populärkulturell såpopera: där finns en hög kändisfaktor, lätt förståeliga normbrott, abstraktionsnivån är låg och de kan åskådliggöras genom enkel visualisering. Skandaliseringsprocessen får följetongskaraktär och är mestadels en journalistik som är lätt och billig att producera samtidigt som den skapar många läsare/tittare/lyssnare. Skandalen blir en ’snackis’, något som upptar fikarum såväl som debattsoffor och facebookgrupper. I medierna sker en runddans, man lånar och klipper av varandra. Det blir en repetition på alla tillgängliga plattformar, något som skapar ett massivt intryck och förstärker upplevelsen, både hos publiken och den berörde, av ett monumentalt genomslag. På Wikipedia och i andra fora bevaras minnet av drevets ’avslöjande’ och kommer att förbli en del i den enskilde politikerns biografi – oavsett seriositeten eller riktigheten i anklagelserna.

  • 15.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Medier och brott2008In: Handbok i rättspsykologi, Stockholm: Liber , 2008, Första upplagan, p. 423-436Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet berörs kort brottsjournalistikens historia, den svenska kriminaljournalistikens och kriminalpolitikens parallella utveckling, och några olika perspektiv på relationen mellan rättsväsendet och medierna diskuteras.

  • 16.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Moskvaprocesserna i svensk press2005In: Kommunismens ansikten: Repression, övervakning och svenska reaktioner, Stockholm: Brutus Östlings Bokförlag Symposion , 2005, p. 50-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Moscow trials

    During the Great Terror in the USSR, 1936–38, countless crimes against human rights were committed. As we know, the period was characterised by arrests, summary trials, deportations and executions of individuals and groups on a large scale. During these years, too, the ‘show trials’ took place in Moscow. These trials created a marked stir in the Swedish press: in contrary to the uninterest in the Great Famine, the Moscow trials got a lot of press coverage and attention. How come? And in what way did the press report about the trials? These are some of the questions adressed in this book chapter.

    “Media Events” is a term set by media researchers Dayan and Katz (1994). They discuss a type of arranged communication in distance, like the Olympics or the marriage in a royal family, i.e. exceptional but in the same time pre-planned and well organized events and send all over the world by television. In the case of the trials the media channels were the radio and the press, but according to pre-planning and getting the worlds attention, could one say that Stalin managed to direct a Media Event?

  • 17.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Människor i mediedrev: Fanny Duckert & Kim Edgar Karlsen: I medienes søkelys: Eksponering, stress og mestring2018In: Apollon : Forskningsmagasin for Universitetet i Oslo, ISSN 0803-6926, E-ISSN 0806-3702, no 17 januariArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad händer med enskilda individer när de blir utsatta för mediernas kritiska och negativa uppmärksamhet? Hur hanterar man att bli fokus i en skandal? När rubriker och uppslag i mänger basunerar ut att du är en skurk, en människa med dålig karaktär, en person som inte borde ha den position du har? När du måste gömma dig för tv-kameror och journalister som envetet följer dig och kräver kommentarer? Kanske blir din familj indragen, kanske duckar dina kollegor och kanske förlorar du jobbet.

    Den här och många liknande frågor har undersökts i ett forskningsprojekt som letts av Fanny Duckert, professor vid Psykologisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo och Kim Edgar Karlsen, assisterande avdelningschef vid Voksenpsykiatrisk avdelning Vinderen, Diakonhjemmet sykehus, och som nu sammanfattats i boken I Medienes Søkelys. Till grund för projektet, som pågått mellan 2002 och 2015, ligger ett omfattande intervjumaterial vars kärna består av 27 män och 16 kvinnor från såväl politikens, som idrottens och kulturens områden, inom både offentlig och privat verksamhet. I området kultur ingår bland andra en grupp av kända norska programledare på TV, en intressant kategori att följa när de själva som journalister hamnar i en motsatt roll och blir utsatta för ett mediedrev.

  • 18.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Oväntade perspektiv på mediehistoria: Marie Cronqvist & Patrik Lundell & Pelle Snickars, Återkopplingar2015In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 3Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Personalized scandalization: Sensationalizing trivial conflicts?2015In: The Dynamic of Mediatized Conflicts / [ed] Mikkel Fugl Eskjær, Stig Hjarvard, Mette Mortensen, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015, p. 93-110Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses political scandals in Nordic countries, with a focus on recent scandals concerning norm transgressions related to the personal behaviour of politicians. Three scandals are briefly presented as illustrations, and a fourth is analysed in greater detail. A closer look at this type of scandal reveals that the ‘crime’ in question is often a relatively trivial offence, especially in legal terms. Scandalization processes are useful weapons in power struggles and conflicts between political actors. Scandals also demonstrate the influence of media organizations and journalists in political conflicts. The news media represent both the public sphere and the marketplace in which scandals are presented and developed as dramas. This development is discussed against the background of a political-cultural climate characterized by a high degree of visibility and a political environment in which personalities have gained importance. 

  • 20.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Poliser och brottslingar i 1950 och 1970-talets nyheter2014In: Från Skuggsidan: Folk och förbrytelser ur Stockholms historia / [ed] Rebecka Lennartsson, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2014, p. 146-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Pressen och Förintelsen- Protester, likgiltighet och anpassning2007In: Tvärsnitt, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Svein Brurås: Kriminaljournalistikens etikk: PFU-uttalelser belyst fra tre moralfilosofiske posisjoner2009Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recension av avhandlingen Kriminaljournalistikkens etikk. PFU-uttalelser belyst fra tre moralfilosofiske posisjoner,författad av Svein Brurås vid Universitetet i Bergen.

  • 23.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Swedish Media and the Holocaust2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How could it happen – and why did the surrounding world not react? These have been two of the recurrent questions concerning the Holocaust and the persecution of the Jews between 1941 and 1945. A common answer during the first decades after WW II, was “we did not know”. There is no support for this thesis today; information about the Nazi atrocities was not the problem. We know that the German population to a large extent were witnesses and we also know that testimonies about the persecution of Jews and others were spread through international newspaper reports. But to what extend did this reach the Swedish citizens? Sweden, a so-called neutral nation, took a bystander’s position during the Second World War. However, state regulation and censorship of the media was introduced to avoid Germany’s disapproval. What kind of information about the escalating victimization of the Jews did Swedish press provide their readers with?

    Previous research has presented different hypothesis about Swedish news reporting and the Holocaust. Koblik (1987) maintains the idea that the media in principally were indifferent to the fate of the Jews, Levine (1987) that the information was fragmented, without analysis and therefore without consistency. Svanberg and Tydén (1997) notice a rich documentation about the persecution of Jews in pre-war time, but less interest at the outbreak of the war. According to their study, the destiny of the Norwegian and Danish Jews had a dramatic impact on the Swedish press with increased publications. They also observe a greater outspokenness about the persecutions from the year 1943 – when Germany’s fortune of war turned.

    None of the studies above represent a systematic analysis of wartime reporting; they build on qualitative case studies of selected periods. The purpose of my study is to fill the gap and give a better-informed answer about Swedish news reporting and the Holocaust, in the historical context of Swedish politics at the time. I follow four different dailies, all being important opinion-papers, from 1930 to 1946: Göteborgs Handels- och Sjöfartstidning, Dagens Nyheter, Stockholms-Tidningen and Aftonbladet with different political affiliations and different attitudes, from protest to appreciation, toward Nazi-Germany. Quantitative content analyses are combined with qualitative case studies.

    The result shows an interest for “Jewish questions” throughout the thirties with a culmination in 1938 (“the night of broken glasses”), a decreased attention thereafter with nearly no reporting at all in the years of 1940 and 1941. Here, the anti-nazi paper makes an exception. In 1942 the deportations of the Norwegian Jews, and in 1943 the rescue of the Danish Jews, get a great deal of attention. When Germany seems to loose the war, the reporting about the persecution of Jews increases. The German friendly papers adapt to the situation. The results of the study are discussed with an institutional approach to media and political organisations and in relation to new Swedish historical research about Sweden’s relationship to Nazi Germany (Åmark 2011). 

  • 24.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Så skapade psykiatri, rättsväsende och medier en svensk seriemördare: Hannes Råstam, Fallet Thomas Quick: Att skapa en seriemördare2012In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 5Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hannes Råstams bok är en svidande vidräkning med svenskt rättssytem, psykiatriksa behandlingsideologier och inställsamma medier. Thomas Quick gav medierna ett oöverträffat stoff om sadism, pedofili och kannibalism och de utnyttjade beredvilligt den dramatiska potentialen. Utrymme för källkritiskt ifrågasättande fanns inte. Råstams bok övertygar men är inte invändningsfri. Källhänvisningar saknas och ibland gestaltar Råstam sitt stoff på ett sätt som gör att texten liknar en novell. Man hade också gärna sett att han dröjt vid de motsägelsefulla bilder av Quick som växer fram. Ena dagen är han en intelligent manipulatör, andra dagen en missbrukare som inte vet vem eller var han är.

  • 25.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    The Making of Kalle Blomkvist: Crime Journalism in Postwar Sweden2011In: The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo and Philosophy: Everything is Fire / [ed] Eric Bronson, Hoboken New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2011, p. 75-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As hero-figure in the Millennium Trilogy, Mikael Blomkvist is the embodiment of the investigative journalist, exposing power and corruption; an honest, hard-working watchdog with high ideals, extraordinary intuition, and a nose for what lies hidden beneath the surface. He is obstinacy personified, following wherever the scent leads him, often in the face of powerful opposition. Aiming at rectifying the justice system, he challenges society’s institutions, including his own (more cowardly) colleagues in various sectors of the media industry. Our journalist hero is capable of drawing aside the veil, revealing the criminal perpetrators, the men who abuse women—and democracy.

    In real life, Swedish journalists have not always acted as watchdogs; this is a role that has emerged over time. I present a picture of how perspectives in journalism and criminal justice have shifted throughout a number of post-war decades, and then return to Mikael Blomkvist as the personification of an idealized hero, and to our current appetite for crime, both in real life and in the world of entertainment.

     

  • 26.
    Pollack, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Tv-profilerna dansar på slak lina2010In: Älskade Hatade: 14 Röster om TV / [ed] Mats Bergstrand, Stockholm: TV4-Gruppen , 2010, p. 77-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När etermediemonopolet bröts och Tv4 etablerades 1990 spelade de s k tv-profilerna stor roll genom att ge kanalen ett ansikte, en identitet, förläna status och legitimitet. Leif "Loket" Olsson kunde samla stora delar av befolkningen framför Bingolotto. 20 år senare samlar tv inte längre den breda, nationella publiken. Tv-profilerna lever i symbios med kvällspressen, är en sorts märkesvaror  och ingår i den pseudovärld som kändiskulturen utgör. De har roller som nyhetsankare, gästspelare, överlöpare och underhållare och utgör i högre utsträckning en egen marknad med devalverat kanalvärde. Mycket tyder på att de blir nischprofiler med apell till olika åldrar och olika kön, något som motsvaras av den fragmenterade publiken med olika medievanor.

  • 27.
    Pollack, Ester
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Allern, Sigurd
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Criticism of the Police in the News: Discourses and Frames in the News Media’s Coverage of the Norwegian Bureau for the Investigation of Police Affairs2014In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 33-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mediated descriptions of reality are tremendously important to the way the public - and policymakers - perceive the police. The present article analyses how leading news outlets reported and commented on complaints against the Norwegian police during the period 2005-2008. The study is based on content analyses of press and television coverage, with special emphasis on a publicly debated police action in which a student of African origins lost his life. In most cases, news coverage of the police and the investigators of the police is event-driven, and the picture of the police seldom points to institutional or organizational problems. The story is too often one about individual wrongdoings alone. Unfortunately, such media pictures matter and influence policy decisions, especially when they become the point of departure for political debate

  • 28.
    Pollack, Ester
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Allern, Sigurd
    Institutt for medier og kommunikasjon, Universitetet i Oslo samt JMK, Stockholms universitet.
    Den mediale skandalen2009In: SKANDALENES MARKEDSPLASS: POLITIKK, MORAL OG MEDIEDREV, Bergen: Fagboksforlaget , 2009, 2000, p. 9-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Pollack, Ester
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Allern, Sigurd
    Disclosure of Scandinavian telecom companies’ corruption in Uzbekistan: The role of investigative journalists2018In: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 73-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transparency International’s yearly Corruption Perceptions Index ranks Scandinavia as one of the least corrupt regions in the world. However, during the past decades, large Scandinavian corporations in the telecommunications, oil and defence industries have – in their struggle for business contracts in other countries – been involved in several large-scale bribery scandals. There has also been a growing range of corruption cases in the Swedish and Norwegian public sectors. In many of these cases, investigative journalists have played a crucial role in the disclosure of corruption, sometimes cooperating across media organisations and countries, demonstrating the importance of journalism as a public good for democracy. In this article, we explore, discuss and analyse the work of and methods used by investigative journalists in revealing large-scale corruption related to the expansion of Nordic telecom companies in Uzbekistan.

  • 30.
    Pollack, Ester
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Allern, Sigurd
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Journalistik som kollektiv nytta2016In: Människorna, medierna & marknaden: Medieutredningens forskningsantologi om en demokrati i förändring / [ed] Oscar Westlund, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2016, p. 31-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Pollack, Ester
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Allern, Sigurd
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Mediebilder av politikritikk: en analyse av hvordan sentrale nyhetsmedier har dekket Spesialenheten for politisaker 2005-20082009In: Et ansvarlig politi: åpenhet, kontroll og læring / [ed] Liv Finstad, Oslo: Departementenes servicesenter , 2009, , p. 24p. 247-271Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Mediebilder av politikritikk redogörs för hur centrala norska nyhetsmedier rapporterat om Spesialenheten for politisaker (den norska polisens interna organisation för behandling av klagomål rörande polisen) perioden 2005-2008. Såväl press som TV undersöks med både kvantitativa och kvalitativa metoder. Resultaten visar att mediernas kritik av polisen i första hand fokuserar på individuella normbrott, sällan på organisationskultur. Specialenheten beskrivs främst som ett utredningsorgan, neutralt eller positivt belyst. Uppmärksamheten varierar, är oftast kortvarig och fokuserar på högst olika incidenter och fall. Rapporteringen om en speciell händelse under perioden, den s k Obiora-saken, får dock stora dimensioner. Två separata diskurser präglar medierapporteringen 2005-2008: "polisdiskursen" (polisen utför ett viktigt och svårt arbete) och "rasismdiskursen" (polisen är präglad av institutionell rasism).

  • 32.
    Pollack, Ester
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Allern, Sigurd
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Politikritikk i nyhetsbildet2009In: Demokrati, kontroll og tillit, ISSN 0807-1721, no 4, p. 77-99Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Pollack, Ester
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Allern, Sigurd
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Revolving doors and democratic challenges2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public relations consultants perform a range of roles. One of these roles is to be an advisor in lobbying – or ‘public affairs’ as it is called in the branch lingo. In the Nordic countries consultancies mainly see their role as advisors, in some contrast to professional lobbying firms in the US. However, this does not exclude more direct back stage lobbying on behalf of clients. The business idea is to sell their staffs knowledge of how political decisions best can be influenced. The clients, the principals who pay the bills, are most typically corporations and branch organisations, but also include interest groups and even municipalities who want to influence government decisions. In this political marketplace, former politicians, journalists and officials have found new career opportunities as well-paid lobbying consultants. Based on experiences from Norway and Sweden this paper investigates, analysis and discusses the relations and interactions between influential actors engaged in lobbying and mediated agenda setting. 

  • 34.
    Pollack, Ester
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Allern, Sigurd
    Institutt formedier og journalistikk, Universitetet i Oslo samt JMK, Stockholms universitet.
    Skandalenes markedsplass2009In: SKANDALENES MARKEDSPLASS: POLITIKK; MORAL OG MEDIEDREV, Bergen: Fagboksforlaget , 2009, 2000, p. 193-205Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Pollack, Ester
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Allern, SigurdStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Skandalenes Markedsplass: Politikk, Moral og Mediedrev2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Politiska skandaler är i sin moderna form oupplösligt förbundna med nyhetsmedierna. Den här boken riktar ett kritiskt sökarljus mot hur press och TV förvaltar sin definitionsmakt när politiska ledare skandaliseras genom kampanjpräglade mediedrev. Bland frågorna som diskuteras är: Hur viktiga och väsentliga är de normbrott som tas upp? Hur utnyttjas skandaler av politiska motståndare och rivaler? Är karaktärsmord och demonisering typiska drag i nyhetsrapporteringen? Vilka etiska dilemman möter journalister - och publiken - i en sådan process? Behandlas kvinnliga och manliga politiker olika?Skandalenes markedsplass bygger på fallstudier av sådana politiska skandaler som under åren 2006-2008 fick en mycket omfattande medieuppmärksamhet. De flesta exemplen är hämtade från norsk politik, där skandaliseringen ledde till avgång för LO-ledaren, två statsråd och ordföranden i Oslos kommunfullmäktige. Ett kapitel ägnas åt mediedrevet som slutade med att två ministrar fick avgå kort tid efter att Reinfeldt-regeringen tog över makten i Sverige.

  • 36.
    Pollack, Ester
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Roosvall, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Romregister och brott på topp: Rapportering om romer i Dagens Nyheter och Aftonbladet 1995-20142015In: Mediebilden av romer / [ed] Lars Truedson, Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier , 2015, p. 10-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Medierapportering spelar roll. Det har sällan varit så tydligt som när DN den 8 maj 2015 skriver på förstasidan: ”Polischefen ber romer om ursäkt. Eliasson lovar bättring efter DN:s avslöjande”. Rubriken refererar till DN:s egen reportageserie om det så kallade rom-registret i september 2013, ett polisregister där romer och resande registrerades oavsett om de begått brott eller inte. Barn såväl som avlidna var medräknade. Rubriken från 2015 visar att DN:s avslöjande fått en tydlig effekt. Polischefens ursäkt får också sin så viktiga offentliga karaktär just genom att den rapporteras i medierna. På detta sätt kommer ursäkten till allmän kännedom. På samma sätt har all annan medierapportering om romer betydelse för kunskap om och förståelse av romers situation. Den offentliga diskussionen om romer har varit särskilt påtaglig det senaste decenniet. Debattens vågor har gått höga inte bara kring romregistret, utan också kring främst rumänska romer som tigger och sover på gator och i tältläger i Sverige. Rapporteringen om romer berör rörligheten av arbetskraft inom EU-området, frågor om social och ekonomisk utslagning samt debatt om nationalism, ”främlingsfientlighet” och ren rasism. I en ny norsk surveystudie och forskningsrapport om tillresande fattiga från Rumänien i Oslo, Köpenhamn och Stockholm pekas det på att migranterna – både romer och andra – i huvudsak kommer från grupper och lokalsamhällen som har upplevt ökande grad av social marginalisering och fattigdom i hemlandet (Djuve, Friberg, Tyldum & Zhang, 2015). I vår studie undersöker vi medierapportering kring romer under de senaste 20 åren, från och med Sveriges EU-inträde 1995 till och med 2014 då rapporteringen om ”romer”, ”zigenare”, ”EU-migranter”, ”tiggare” och allt vad denna grupp kallas, med tiden blir mycket intensiv. När en grupp får många namn på detta sätt är det inte så säkert att det är ett ”kärt barn”; lingvisten Roger Fowler (1991) kallar det istället ”överlexikalisering”, ett fenomen som inträffar då något är omstritt och/eller definierat som onormalt. Vi studerar artiklar från Aftonbladet och Dagens Nyheter, de två mest lästa tidningarna ur de gamla kategorierna kvällstidning respektive morgontidning. På detta sätt kommer vi åt både de artiklar som når ut allra bredast via Aftonbladet, och de som publiceras i det organ som brukar betraktas som allra mest avgörande för opinionsbildning i Sverige: DN.

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