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  • 1.
    Andersson, Gunvor
    et al.
    Inst för socialt arbete/Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social barnavård och barns utsatthet2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 13-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2. Andersson, Gunvor
    et al.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Svensk barnavårdsforskning: - en översikt över ett och ett kvarts års forskningsproduktion2007In: Socionomen, Forskningssupplement, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, p. 10-34Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Andersson Vogel, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Good idea, bad prerequisite, zero result - the meaning of context in implementing aftercare for young people in secure unit care2014In: Journal of Children's Services, ISSN 1746-6660, E-ISSN 2042-8677, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 248-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to report results from a quasi-experimental study of outcomes of a leaving care project for youth placed in secure unit care and second, based on the (zero) results, to analyse and discuss the interplay between organisational boundaries, social work and the target group when implementing a project such as the one studied.

    Design/methodology/approach– The outcome study had a quasi-experimental design. The young people in the leaving care programme were compared with a matched reference group who did not get the special leaving care services. Data were collected (structured Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis-interviews) when the young people entered secure units and on follow-up (registered crime and re-entry into care).

    Findings– The outcome study showed that the leaving care project had no effect on the young people's situation at follow-up regarding re-offending and re-entry into secure unit care. This is understood and discussed in relation to the poor implementation of the leaving care project along with an inbuilt conflict between state and local municipality that overshadowed the good intentions of the project.

    Research limitations/implications– The effect study has a quasi-experimental design, and hence differences between the project group and the comparison group at T1 cannot be fully precluded, although nothing is pointing in such a direction. The unclear content of the intervention makes it difficult to decode how the variation in the support given to the young people eventually impacted the results. The zero-results apply to group level, but that may not be valid for each and every one in the project.

    Practical implications– According to earlier research, a key person following young persons through different phases of the care trajectory may be of importance. Learning from the CoC project, one can conclude that such a key person should preferably take the role of advocate for the young person, and not be an administrator mainly concerned with coordinating other professionals. Further, when planning and financing is split between organisations, that split hinders efforts to actually mobilise support for young people leaving secure unit care.

    Originality/value– Few leaving care services are designed for youth with severe behavioural problems and hence, the research is scarce. This study contributes with important knowledge about leaving care interventions for the target group.

  • 4. Healy, Karen
    et al.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    A Comparison of Out-of-home Care for Children and Young People in Australia and Sweden: Worlds Apart?2011In: Australian Social Work, ISSN 0312-407X, E-ISSN 1447-0748, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 416-431Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a comparative analysis of out-of-home care in Australia and Sweden. We compare the age structure of the out-of-home care population and the types of out-of-home care services provided to children and young people in both countries. Our analysis reveals that in Australia the out-of-home care service system is focused mainly on children who are deemed to be abused or neglected within their families, while in Sweden the majority of the out-of-home care population are teenagers who cannot live with their families for emotional or behavioural reasons. These population differences intersect with variations in the forms of service provision in both countries, with a much greater reliance on home-based care in Australia than in Sweden, while there is more extensive use of residential care in Sweden. We envisage that this paper will demonstrate how the age structure of the out-of-home care population, though rarely considered in international comparative child welfare research, reveals much about the assumptions on which State intervention with children and young people is based. We intend that this analysis will assist social workers to better understand and address the gaps in the quality and comprehensiveness of out-of-home care service provision to children and young people in both countries.

  • 5.
    Healy, Karen
    et al.
    University of Queensland.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Response to Katz's Comment on “Comparison of Out-of-home Care for Children and Young People in Australia and Sweden: Worlds Apart?2011In: Australian Social Work, ISSN 0312-407X, E-ISSN 1447-0748, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 437-442Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6. Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Med blicken framåt2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 283-294Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7. Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Sallnäs, MarieStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.Sjöblom, YvonneStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att värdera dygnsvård: hur nöjda är barnen och vilken betydelse har det2013In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, p. 40-51Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den sociala barnavården och dess klienter2017In: Den kantstötta välfärden / [ed] Hans Swärd, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 223-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den sociala barnavården och dess klienter2017In: Den kantstötta välfärden / [ed] Hans Swärd, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 223-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Samhällsvårdade ungdomars kontakter med föräldrar och syskon2009In: Socionomens forskningssupplement nr 26, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, p. 20-35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sibling contact among Swedish children in foster and residential care: Out of home care in a family service system2012In: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 396-402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates siblingcontact among Swedish fostered children in foster and residentialcare. The study also examines a potential link between siblingcontact and psychosomatic status. Highly structured interviews were conducted with 240 young people (13–18 years) in out of homecare. Results show unfulfilled desire for siblingcontact among children in Swedishout-of-homecare. Nearly 40% of the children interviewed see their siblings more seldom than monthly and a good half of the children—more girls than boys—want more siblingcontact. The longer the time the children have spent in care, the greater is the risk of being without contact with brothers and sisters; and the more seldom the children see their siblings, the more they crave contact. The Swedishfamilyservicesystem is obviously no guarantee of fostered children keeping their desired contact with brothers and sisters. Thus, an important task for social workers and others involved in the life of separated children is to open opportunities for contact—if the children want it. From achildren's rights perspective, it is fundamental to facilitate siblingcontact among fostered children according to their own wishes.

  • 13.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social barnavård under 30 år: - mer av samma eller något nytt?2014In: Tre decennier med socialtjänstlagen: utopi. vision, verklighet / [ed] Ulla Pettersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2014, 1, p. 47-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sweden - A Family Service Model with Tensions2012In: Evolution of Child Protection and Child Welfare Policies in Selected European Countries / [ed] Hämäläinen, Juha, Ostrava: ERIS European Research Institute for Social Work , 2012, p. 277-292Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tvång och marknad: De särskilda ungdomshemmen och deras omgivningsvillkor2012In: Rätt, social utsatthet och samhälleligt ansvar / [ed] Rydberg-Welander, Lotti och Alexius, Katarina, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Lundström,, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vogel, Maria Andersson
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Utvärdering av en förstärkt vårdkedja för ungdomar som vårdats vid SiS-institution2012Report (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Lundström, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Marknadsutrymme för privata utförare inom social barn- och ungdomsvård och missbrukarvård: förändringar och drivkrafter2018In: Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen / [ed] Marie Sallnäs, Stefan Wiklund, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 61-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Meagher, Gabrielle
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Macquarie University, Australia.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Big Business in a Thin Market: Understanding the Privatization of Residential Care for Children and Youth in Sweden2016In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 50, no 7, p. 805-823Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the transformation of Swedish residential care homes for children from a regionally coordinated, public social service system into a thin, but highly profitable, national spot market in which large corporations have a growing presence. Marketization and privatization are theorized as complex processes, through which the institutional structure and logics of this small, but significant, social policy field changed profoundly. Using official documents, register data, media reports and existing research, three consecutive phases in the development of the children’s home market are identified since the early 1980s. Change was driven on one hand by policies inspired by New Public Management, which shifted public authority horizontally to the private sector, and vertically to local authorities (funding) and to the state (regulation). On the other hand were responses of local authorities and private actors to the changing incentives that policy shifts entailed. During the first two phases, both the proportion and size of for-profit providers increased, and the model of family-like care was replaced by a professional model. Cutting across the trend of privatization in the third phase was establishment of a parallel system of homes for unaccompanied refugee children – mostly in public ownership. Similarities with privatization in the English system of children’s care homes are noted. By showing how the Swedish market for residential care has been created by policy and by actors’ responses to those reforms, the article provides a foundation for thinking through how the predictable, significant and well-documented problems of such care markets might be addressed.

  • 19.
    Pettersson, Ulla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergmark, Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Szebehely, Marta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Introduktion2014In: Tre decennier med Socialtjänstlagen: utopi, vision, verklighet / [ed] Ulla Pettersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2014, p. 11-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att studera utfall och effekter: om social barnavård och nytta2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2012, 1, p. 255-277Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barnavårdens institutioner: framväxt, ideologi och struktur2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study presents an overview of the historical growth and deve-lopment of residential care for children and youth in Sweden as well as an analysis of the present-day structure and organisation. The empirical material consists of official statistics, government reports and data from a questionnaire addressed to all registered residential homes in the child welfare sector at the end of 1995. The history of residential care for children and youth is marked by a period of establishment and expansion in the first decades of the last century, followed by a process of major de-institutionalisa-tion in the period after the Second World War. A third phase was introduced with the Social Service Act of 1980, which laid down new premises for child welfare. Traditional concepts of children’s homes were replaced in the legislation by the “HVB-home” and the dividing line between institutions and foster homes became blurred. The study shows that contrary to what was intended, a growing part of out-of-home placements during the 1980:s and 1990:s where into residential care. In fact, residential care has taken over “market shares” from foster care in Sweden. Analysis of the range of alternatives shows that residential care today is relatively small-scale and that nearly all of the smaller units are privately run. Approximately half of the homes have teenagers as their target group and most homes work with longer-term pro-grammes of treatment and care. Educational background among staff varies considerably, but in general the level of educational is low. So far, no professional forces have proved strong enough to organise the field on a mutually knowledgeable, normative ground. A problem is the lack of unanimous concepts and a common language with a terminology that can be used for a systematic de-scription of the care or treatment given. What is clear, however, is that a new form of residential care can be identified – so-called hy-brid homes that are somewhere in between extended foster homes and small institutions – and that these homes have gained a con-siderable position in the field.

  • 22.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gunvor Andersson - 2013 års mottagare av pris från CSA2013In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, p. 4p. 48-51Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Institutionsvård för barn och unga2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2012, 1, p. 185-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Privatiseringens effekter nu och i framtiden.: Exemplet institutionsvård för barn och ungdomar.2011In: Far väl välfärden?: Socialtjänsten i framtiden, Fas/Forskningsrådet för Arbetsliv och Samhälle , 2011, p. 56-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Privatiseringens konsekvenser med exempel från den sociala barnavården2013In: Dokumentation från seminariet Den svenska välfärdsmodellens uppgång och fall?, Stockholm: CSA/Centralförbundet för Socialt Arbete , 2013, p. 14-16Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Swedish Residential Care in the Landscape of Out-of-Home Care2009In: Residential Care of Children: Comparative Perspectives / [ed] Courney, Mark E & Iwaniec Dorotea, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 38-53Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lagerlöf, Hélène
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Forskare studerar välfärden hos barn och ungdomar i samhällsvård2007In: Socionomen, no 1, p. 42-45Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det sociala ansvarets organisering: Social barnavård mellan byråkrati och solidaritet, författare Claes Levin2017In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, p. 42-43Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Instabilitet i familjehemsvården – en regional studie om sammanbrott bland yngre barn och bland barn i långvarig familjehemsvård: Oplanerade avbrott i familjehemsplaceringar av yngre barn och långvarigt placerade barn2012Report (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Samhällsvårdade tonåringar som vuxna: en uppföljande registerstudie2009In: Socionomens forskningssupplement, ISSN 0283-1929, no 3, p. 30-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kyhle Westermark, Pia
    Breakdown of teenage placements in Swedish foster and residential care.2009In: Children in State Care / [ed] Courtney, M & Thoburn, J, Farnham, England: Ashgate, 2009Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Epilog: individ- och familjeomsorgen inom radarns synfält2018In: Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen / [ed] Marie Sallnäs, Stefan Wiklund, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 229-235Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Familjehemsvård i granskningssamhället: hur följer kommunerna upp sina placeringar?2015In: Socionomens forskningssupplement, no 38, p. 26-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Introduktion: socialtjänstmarknaden under radarn2018In: Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen / [ed] Marie Sallnäs, Stefan Wiklund, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 14-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Konkurrensutsättnig av individ- och familjeomsorgen: om marknadssärdrag och statlig tillsyn2015In: Människobehandlande organisationer: villkor för ledning, styrning ochprofessionellt välfärdsarbete / [ed] Staffan Johansson, Peter Dellgran, Staffan Höjer, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2015, 1, p. 314-330Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Privata utförare av välfärdstjänster:  om marknad och kokurrensutsättning inom individ- och familjeomsorgen2011In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 8, p. 23-27Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, StefanStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vårdlandskapet och tvånget: om tvångsplaceringar i olika vårdformer under inledningen av 2000-talet2017In: Tvångsvård av barn och unga: rättigheter, utmaningar och gränszoner / [ed] Pernilla Leviner, Tommy Lundström, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2017, p. 59-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lagerlöf, Hélenè
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Welfare resources among children in care2012In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 467-483Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a study on living conditions among children, 13-18 years old (n = 272) in on-going foster and residential care, concepts from welfare theory and empirical research are applied. We argue that using a welfare perspective and the concept of level of living when assessing looked after children's situation provides several advantages. From this perspective, children are agents for whom access to resources will influence their discretion and possibility to act. By using concepts from welfare research and replicated national surveys of living conditions on a population of placed children, we can assess the extent to which these children enjoy such a standard while in care. In other words, it is possible to assess the compensatory capacity of state care for a population of children that has been recognized as deprived in terms of welfare resources in their birth families. The overall conclusion concerning the welfare dimensions studied is that children in care in general have less access to resources than their peers in the normal population. This holds particularly true for children in residential care, where the differences are substantial. In other words, the care context tends to differentiate the extent to which society acts to compensate for the initial disadvantaged position from which children in care often originate

  • 40.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lagerlöf, Hélène
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Samhällsvårdade barn, gate-keeping och forskning2010In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 116-133-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the discourse of childhood sociology, children are extensively regarded as “social actors”, a perspective that underlines the importance of asking children about their lives and experiences. To actually carry out such research, however, raises several methodological, principal, ethical and practical issues, especially when the research is about vulnerable children as those in out-of-home care. In this article we discuss the issue of gate-keeping when conducting research with children in foster homes or residential care. As a concrete example we use experiences from a survey of living conditions among those children.  The research questions were: 1) How and by whom is gate-keeping carried out when research is conducted among children in out of home care? 2) How could one as a researcher relate to gate-keeping carried out by adults in the environment of the children versus children’s one will? 3) What impact does gate-keeping have on results, feasibility and in a wider perspective the knowledge production regarding children in social care? The article shows that researchers needs to encounter a chain of gate-keepers to be able to get access to the children, and often attrition is high in studies with children as informants. Adults can serve both as gate-keepers and gate-openers. Our conclusion is that children in social care can be reached for research purpose, but that it is time-consuming, challenging and as a researcher one is often faced with ethical dilemmas. It is clear that there has to be a balance between gate-keeping and gate-opening. In this balance, on the one hand, it is possible for children to talk to researchers when they wish to do so, on the other hand, children must be protected so they are not exploited as research objects.

  • 41.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lagerlöf, Hélène
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social barnavård ur ett välfärdsperspektiv: Ekonomiska och materiella resurser, psykisk hälsa och tillgång till socialt stöd för ungdomar i familjehem och institutioner2010In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 5-27Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Shanks, Emelie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om socionomers arbetsmarknad i en tid av privatisering2018In: Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen / [ed] Marie Sallnäs, Stefan Wiklund, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 116-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43. Tideman, Eva
    et al.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Forsman, Hilma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Paired reading: ett försök i sju kommuner med lästräning för famljehemsplacerade barn2013Report (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Into adulthood: a follow-up study of 718 youths who were placed in out-of-home care during their teens2008In: Journal of Child and Family Social Work, no 13, p. 144-155Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Berlin, Marie
    Placement breakdowns in long-term foster care – a regional Swedish study2017In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 22, p. 15-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used a regional sample of children in long-term foster care to investigate the prevalence of placement breakdown in adolescence, and to assess risk factors/risk markers for placement disruption. The sample consisted of all 136 foster children in the region, born 1980–1992, who on their 12th birthday had been in the same foster family for at least 4 years. They were followed in case files until date of disruption or their 18th birthday. Data on conditions before and during placement were retrieved from case files, and analysed in bi- and multivariate models. Results showed that one in four placements broke down in adolescence. The median child who experienced a breakdown was 14 years old, and had been in the same foster home for more than 10 years. Prominent risk factors were (i) being placed after age 2 and (ii) having a birth sibling in the same foster home. We also uncovered strong risk markers that can be viewed as precursors of placement disruption. When the child or the foster parents repeatedly over time expressed dissatisfaction with the placement, this ended with a placement breakdown in 60% of cases. Implications for practice are discussed.

  • 46.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tideman, Eva
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Forsman, Hilma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Paired reading for foster children: results from a Swedish replication of an English literacy intervention2014In: Adoption & Fostering: The Quarterly Journal of British Agencies for Adoption & Fostering, ISSN 0308-5759, E-ISSN 1740-469X, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 361-373Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A UK literacy intervention – Paired Reading – was replicated in seven Swedish local authorities, with 81 foster children aged 8–12 participating in a 16-week trial. Ability was measured pre/post intervention with age-standardised literacy tests and a short version of the WISC-IV. Results confirm and expand findings from the UK, namely that: almost all foster carers and children completed the programme (attrition 2.4%), average improvement in reading age was 11 months, basically the same as in the UK; younger children (aged 8–9) improved significantly on all four administered standardised reading tests, and on the WISC-IV Vocabulary subtest. Older children (aged 10–12) improved significantly on three of five literacy tests and on the WISC-IV Vocabulary subtest. On the short version of WISC-IV, vocabulary improvements over time reduced the proportion of children who could be classified as having ‘weak cognitive skills’ (IQ <85) from 54% to 36%. This finding is in line with results from other studies, indicating that scores from cognitive tests of pre-teen children in out-of-home care should not be regarded as fixed and can be improved by effective interventions.

  • 47.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barn och samhällsvård: Vad vet vi om institutions- och familjehemsvården?2016Report (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    The material side of foster care:: economic and material resources among foster carers and foster youths in Swedish child welfare2011In: Adoption & Fostering: The Quarterly Journal of British Agencies for Adoption & Fostering, ISSN 0308-5759, E-ISSN 1740-469X, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 27-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Outcome studies in foster care have tended to focus on children's development and long-term adjustment. The economic aspects of placements and their effect on children's immediate welfare have been little explored. Stefan Wiklund and Marie Sallnäs compare the economic circumstances of Swedish foster carers with adults in the wider population and contrast the situation of 125 older children in foster homes, teenagers in the community and a group in residential care. As few differences were found, except for the relative disadvantage of those in residential settings, it is concluded that there is no intrinsic reason why foster care should deprive children economically. Moreover, as the child's welfare while in care is important in its own right, the criteria used to assess the suitability of carers should include measures of available resources.

  • 49.
    Östberg, Francesca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Organisering, sortering och marknadsorientering2012In: När samhället träder in: Barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, p. 31-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
1 - 49 of 49
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