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  • 1.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Permanent Employment but Not in a Preferred Occupation: Psychological and Medical Aspects, Research Implications1999In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, ISSN 1076-8998, E-ISSN 1939-1307, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 152-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a representative sample from Statistics Sweden's Labor Market Survey (N = 1,564), it was found that 28% of permanent employees were not in their preferred occupation. In part, this is attributable to prevailing conditions in the labor market, with a lack of jobs, and to the insecurity of time-restricted employment contracts. In this study, the work conditions and health of persons in such a "locked-in" position were investigated. Participants reported significantly more headaches and greater fatigue and slight depression than did those in comparison groups. Results are discussed in relation to psychological theories of control and to a model of individual action strategies. Proposals are made to guide further studies in an area in which research so far has been sparsely conducted.

     

  • 2.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (numera verksam vid Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, Jönköping.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Arbetsuppdrag och återhämtning i välfärdstjänstearbete2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 7-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln beskriver ett uppdragsperspektiv på arbete, det vill säga en fokusering på hur ett arbetsuppdrag formas och är sammansatt med avseende på resurser och krav med betydelse för att kunna genomföra uppdraget på ett bra sätt. I studien undersöks hur förutsättningarna för att utföra arbetet, i termer av arbetskrav och resurser i arbetet, hänger samman med återhämtning inom välfärdstjänstearbete i två kommuner. Uppdragsförutsättningarna har ett relativt högt förklaringsvärde gentemot återhämtning men de ingående variablerna bidrar i olika grad.

  • 3.
    Busch, Hillevi
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Melin, Bo
    Self-efficacy beliefs predict sustained long-term sick absenteeism in individuals with chronic musculoskeletal pain2007In: Pain Practice, ISSN 1530-7085, E-ISSN 1533-2500, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 234-240Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recovery beliefs are assumed to predict rehabilitation outcomes and return-to-work in various clinical conditions but are less frequently assessed in musculoskeletal disorders. We tested the hypothesis that recovery beliefs constitute a risk factor for sustained long-term sick absenteeism in men and women suffering from nonspecific chronic musculoskeletal disorders. A total of 233 subjects with a recent or ongoing experience of long-term sick leave were included in a prospective design. Subjects answered a postal baseline questionnaire and were followed up via register data for 1 year. Multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated that subjects with negative recovery beliefs (OR: 2.41; CI: 1.22–4.77), low sense of mastery (OR: 2.08; CI: 1.27–3.40), perceived high mental demands at work (OR: 1.77; CI: 1.05–2.99), and prior experiences of long-term sick absenteeism (OR: 1.86; CI: 1.02–3.37) had an increased probability of receiving sickness benefits at follow-up. We conclude that prolonged sickness absence contributes strongly to increase patients' sense of helplessness, lower self-efficacy, and hinder future work return. To improve work return, patients' maladaptive beliefs should be clarified and challenged early in the rehabilitation process.

  • 4. Eriksson, A.
    et al.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Faktisk lön har liten betydelse för arbetsmotivationen: om individuell lön ur ett arbets- och organisationspsykologiskt perspektiv2011In: Lönebildning för utvecklingskraft / [ed] Nils Karlsson och Anders Thorstensson, Stockholm: Norstedt , 2011, 1, p. 125-174Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska lönebildnings- och förhandlingssystemet är idag på väg att förändras - alldeles oavsett vad parterna och lagstiftarna än säger. Globaliseringen, EG-rättens ökade betydelse och de fallande fackliga medlemstalen sätter den svenska arbetsmarknadsmodellen under press. Men i vilken riktning utvecklingen går är inte lätt att säga. Hur och var ska lönerna sättas? Vilka är effekterna för företagens produktivitet och lönsamhet? Hur påverkas lönenivåer och sysselsättning av lönebildningens utformning? Ska lönebildningen vara lokal och individuell? Eller ska vi fortsätta med ett centraliserat system där lönenivåer bestäms i kollektiva förhandlingar mellan arbetsmarknadens parter? Och vilka är effekterna av olika lönebildnings- och förhandlingssystem för de anställdas motivation och prestationer? Detta är de övergripande frågeställningarna för denna antologi, där flera forskare och författare med olika bakgrund och specialistkunskaper bidragit. 

  • 5.
    Göransson, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Knight, Robin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Guthenberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hot och våld i skolan: En enkätstudie bland lärare och elever: Kunskapsöversikt2011Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hot och våld är, och har förmodligen alltid varit, ett inslag i arbetslivet och i samhället i stort. Av den anledningen har hot, våld och den mänskliga aggressiviteten har varit föremål för många studier och har sedan länge intresserat forskare. Våld kan äga rum i olika kontexter och framförallt under de senaste två decennierna har det bedrivits en ökad mängd forskning kring hot och våld i arbetslivet generellt, liksom i skolans värld specifikt. Mot den bakgrunden och med ett uppdrag från Arbetsmiljöverket var syftet med denna empiriska studie att bidra till kunskap om utsattheten för olika former av hot och våld i skolan i Sverige idag. I uppdraget ingick avgränsningen till grundskolans senare del (årskurs 6–9). Syftet var att studien skulle ha ett brett perspektiv, som belyser både lärare och elever samt gör jämförelser mellan könen (män/pojkar och kvinnor/flickor). Skillnader mellan dessa grupper belyses därför genomgående i rapporten.

  • 6.
    Göransson, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kylin, Camilla
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dialog och kunskap om arbetsmiljö: En intervention som balanserar?2013In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 113-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykosociala arbetsmiljöfaktorers inverkan på hälsa och produktivitet kan sammanfattas i ett antal balanser; balanserna krav-kontroll, ansträngning-belöning, arbete-återhämtning, mål-resurser och kvalitet-kvantitet. Trots befintlig kunskap saknas interventionsstudier som fokuserat på dessa balanser. Här redovisas resultat från ett pilotprojekt där medarbetare och chefer deltog i en intervention med fokus på dialog om uppdraget och arbetsmiljöns balanser.

  • 7.
    Göransson, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Näswall, Katharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykologiska perspektiv på hot och våld i arbetslivet: Kunskapsöversikt2011Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med rapporten är att sammanställa psykologisk forskning om hot och våld i arbetslivet. En sammanställning underlättar för forskare och praktiker att se vad som gjorts och vad tidigare resultat tyder på, men även var det finns kunskapsluckor.

  • 8.
    Göransson, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Näswall, Katharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Work-related health attributions: their impact on work attitudes2009In: International Journal of Workplace, ISSN 1753-8351, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 6-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to introduce the concept of work-related health attributions and investigate the effects of such perceptions as well as of health status on work-related attitudes and turnover intentions.

    Building on attribution theory, the study tests the assumption that negative work-related health attributions impair employee work-related attitudes and intentions, and moderate the relation between health status and work-related attitudes. Cross-sectional questionnaire data from 785 Swedish retail white-collar workers are collected to test these assumptions by utilizing moderated regression analyses.

    The results show that negative work-related health attributions are related to lower levels of job satisfaction and organizational commitment as well as higher levels of turnover intention, even after controlling for demographics, work climate variables, and mental distress. Further, the significant interaction between attributions and mental distress indicates that it makes a difference for employees’ turnover intentions if an individual with high mental distress attributes it to work or not.

    Work-related health attributions should be taken into account in order to avoid impaired levels of employee work motivation. The measure introduced renders it possible to identify and help those individuals who believe that work affects their health negatively. The results underscore the relevance of how individuals think their health is affected by their work, and contributes to the understanding of how health status relates to work-related attitudes. Since the measure of work-related health attributions is easily administered it is also valuable for practitioners working with employee health and attitudes.

  • 9.
    Göransson, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dialog kring arbetsmiljöfaktorer – intervention som balanserar?2013In: Forum för arbetslivsforskning (FALF) - Changes in Working Life: Individual, Organizational, and Methodological Perspectives, Stockholm, Sweden, June 17-19, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den psykiska ohälsan i arbetslivet har ökat under de senaste decennierna och ligger bakom en hög andel långa sjukskrivningar. Arbetsmiljöforskning har visat att såväl den fysiska som den psykosociala arbetsmiljön är avgörande för en långsiktigt hållbar verksamhet med medarbetare som behåller hälsan. Den befintliga kunskapen inom den psykosociala arbetsmiljöforskningen kan i stort sammanfattas i ett antal balanser (ansträngning-belöning; krav-kontroll; arbete-återhämtning; mål-resurser; kvantitativa-kvalitativa krav). Trots att sambanden mellan arbetsmiljöfaktorer och hälsa är väl belagda saknas fortfarande interventioner som adresserat dessa balanser. Syftet med presentationen är att delge erfarenheterna och innehållet i en nyligen genomförd preventivt inriktad interventionsstudie. En intervention riktade sig dels till chefer och deras medarbetare, dels till enbart chefer, och omfattade fyra träffar om tre timmar. Utgångspunkten för träffarna bestod i en presentation av en genomförd arbetsmiljökartläggning om arbetsmiljöns balanser och hälsa, en dialog kring densamma och därefter ett arbete i mindre grupper för prioritering och sortering av viktiga arbetsområden (arbetsmiljöbalanser) att jobba vidare med. En viktig del i interventionen var dialogen kring uppdraget. Medarbetare och chefer fick också tillsammans arbeta med att fundera över hinder och möjligheter i arbetet med att nå en mer balanserad arbetssituation samt arbeta med en enkel handlingsplan för hur arbetet skulle fortskrida.

  • 10.
    Ishäll, Lars
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Unwinding, recovery, and health among social workers and caretakers at psychiatric ward2013In: Forum för arbetslivsforskning (FALF) - Changes in Working Life: Individual, Organizational, and Methodological Perspectives, Stockholm, Sweden, June 17-19, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern-day working life is generally portrayed by an increasing number of people having occupational task, that by their nature, do not permit time-scheduling in a mental sense (Aronsson, 1999). Typical occupations of this kind is social workers, teachers, and caretakers at psychiatric wards. The shared factor is social interaction and where high commitment, and job involvement may lead to problems of detach after the work. These elements include various kinds of problems to which energy is drawn and on which attention is fixed even after the working day. The purpose of this study is to investigate unwinding and recuperation among social workers, caretakers at a psychiatric ward, and teachers as well as caretakers at a psychiatric school for children with mental deficit. This data represent first wave of data from an on-going intervention study conducted at two regions in Sweden, Södermanland and Östergötland. Cluster analysis was used to identify groups of individuals with similar activation-recuperation profiles. The study, group comprised of 377 employees from three organizations. Six items were used and combined to identify level of activation and recuperation during the 24-hr of each day (Figure 1). Three clusters were identified: “alert”, “in-between”, and “recuperated”. About 28% fell into the non-recuperated group, 44% in-between group, and 29% alert group. In the second analysis we investigated how the activation-recuperation profiles differed on a) symptoms of ill-health, b) illness related absence, c) organizational aspects. Preliminary analysis shows that non-recuperated group have more symptoms of ill-health, higher degree illness related absence, and poorer attendance of when sick than the others groups. Failure to recuperate was related to aspects of work the environment such as imbalance between demands-control, and work-life imbalance and illegitimate tasks and wrong task. From a preventive perspective, it is important to identify situations and processes that may lead to occupational exclusion. In the case of this group of social workers and caretakers, a pattern emerged were strongly associated with fatigue, anxiety, and failure to recuperate.

  • 11.
    Knight, Robin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykologiska perspektiv på hot och våld i skolan: Kunskapsöversikt2011Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hot och våld är ett stort problem i samhället idag, inte minst i skolans värld. Under de senaste decennierna har en mängd nationella studier såväl som internationell forskning bedrivits, varför det finns ett behov av en kunskapsöversikt inom området som särskilt belyser ämnet. Det övergripande syftet med kunskapsöversikten är att sammanställa psykologisk forskning om hot och våld i skolan. Mer specifikt är syftet att (a) på ett överskådligt sätt presentera och förklara ett antal av de begrepp som belysts inom forskningen, och peka på hur dessa hänger samman, (b) belysa hur förekomsten av hot och våld relaterar till ett antal olika perspektiv såsom köns-, ålders- och socioekonomiska perspektiv, (c) sammanställa vilka förklaringar som finns till att hot och våld uppstår, (d) sammanställa vilka olika slags konsekvenser hot och våld kan resultera i, (e) belysa vilken betydelse omgivningens reaktioner har, (f) lyfta fram hur olika sätt att försöka hantera utsatthet hos individen kan påverka konsekvenserna, samt (g) belysa interventioner mot hot och våld samt forskningen kring dessa.

  • 12.
    Lindfors, Petra
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Promoting balance at work and employee health and well-being through a worksite based participatory intervention2014In: From crisis to sustainable well-being: Abstracts (online), 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has consistently shown that employee health and well-being benefit from a balance between demands and resources at work and from a balance between work-related efforts and rewards. Such balances are in turn linked to the balance between activation and opportunities for recovery, which are central for long-term health outcomes. This presentation summarizes findings from a worksite based participatory intervention. The intervention uses a survey-feedback design as a basis for dialogue based reflexive workshops. In total, four half-day workshops were carried out over a 2-month period. In the workshops, employees identified the most immediate work environment problems and were asked to develop strategies to improve the balance at work. In doing this, the intervention aimed to integrate more strongly organizational work environment policies with the planning of regular activities within each organization. Self-report questionnaire data on work-related factors (e.g., demands and resources), health and well-being (e.g., recovery, self-rated health, subjective health complaints) were collected before the intervention and at a short-time follow-up about six weeks after the intervention. While health-effects seem unreasonable considering the short follow-up period, preliminary findings suggest that this worksite based participatory organizational intervention may have positive effects on factors relating to the work climate.

  • 13.
    Lindfors, Petra
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Promoting balance at work and employee health through a worksite based participatory intervention2014In: Book of Proceedings, 11th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology: looking at the past - planning for the future: capitalizing on OHP multidisciplinarity / [ed] Nicholas John Artin Andreou, Aditya Jain, David Hollis, Juliet Hassard & Kevin Teoh, Nottingham: European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology, 2014, p. 246-246Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has consistently shown that employee health and well-being benefit from a balance between demands and resources at work but also from a balance between work-related efforts and rewards. Such balances are in turn associated with the balance between activation and opportunities for recovery, which are central for long-term health outcomes among employees and their managers. This presentation summarizes findings from a worksite based participatory intervention. The intervention uses a survey-feedback design as a basis for dialogue based reflexive workshops. In total, four half-day workshops were carried out over a 2-month period. In the workshops, employees identified the most immediate work environment problems and were asked to develop strategies to improve the balance between various factors at work. In doing this, the intervention aimed to integrate more strongly organizational work environment policies with the planning of regular activities within different work units in the organization. Self-report questionnaire data on work-related factors (e.g., demands and resources), health and well-being (e.g., recovery, self-rated health, subjective health complaints) were collected before the intervention and at a short-time follow-up about eight weeks after the intervention. While health-effects seem unreasonable considering the short follow-up period, preliminary findings suggest that this worksite based participatory organizational intervention may have positive effects on factors relating to the work climate.

  • 14.
    Mattson, Malin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    A leadership perspective on safety communication2014In: Book of Proceedings, 11th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology: Looking at the past-planning for the future: Capitalizing on OHP multidisciplinarity / [ed] N.J.A. Andreou, A. Jain, D. Hollis, J. Hassard & K. Teoh, Nottingham, UK: European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology , 2014, p. 172-173Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In many of today's organizations, there is a growing concern regarding workplace safety. As a result of this, there is an increase in organizational activities aimed at enhancing the employees’ safety awareness’ and eliminating organizational factors that may lead to the employees being exposed to risks.Communication is considered a vital aspect of the functioning and success of an organization, and is potentially relevant even in a workplace safety context. However, there are gaps in research regarding the ways in which a leader’s communication with his or her subordinates could affect safety at the workplace. The question in the present study is how and in what way a leader’s communication with his or her subordinates (e.g. in the form of feedback, communication of safety values, and openness in dialogues) relate to safety issues such as perceived safety and safety behaviors. Questionnaire data was collected from a ward belonging to an emergency hospital operating in a rural area in Sweden. The data will be analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results will be described and discussed in terms of theoretical implications relating to the linkage between a leader’s communication with his or her subordinates and safety, as well as in terms of practical implications for policy-makers and managers. The paper highlights the importance of taking leadership communication into account in the pursuit of increasing workplace safety.

  • 15.
    Mattson, Malin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. North-West University, South Africa.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Leader communication approaches and patient safety: an integrated model2015In: Journal of Safety Research, ISSN 0022-4375, E-ISSN 1879-1247, Vol. 53, p. 53-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem: Leader communication is known to influence a number of employee behaviors. When it comes to the relationship between leader communication and safety, the evidence is more scarce and ambiguous. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether and in what way leader communication relates to safety outcomes. The study examines two leader communication approaches: leader safety priority communication and feedback to subordinates. These approaches were assumed to affect safety outcomes via different employee behaviors. Method: Questionnaire data, collected from 221 employees at two hospital wards, were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results: The two examined communication approaches were both positively related to safety outcomes, although leader safety priority communication was mediated by employee compliance and feedback communication by organizational citizenship behaviors. Conclusion: The findings suggest that leader communication plays a vital role in improving organizational and patient safety and that different communication approaches seem to positively affect different but equally essential employee safety behaviors. Practical applications: The results highlights the necessity for leaders to engage in one-way communication of safety values as well as in more relational feedback communication with their subordinates in order to enhance patient safety.

  • 16.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Häsänen, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Can increased knowledge about work and health increase well-being?: An intervention study among social service employees2013In: Imagine the future world: How do we want to work tomorrow?: Abstract proceedings of the 16th EAWOP Congress 2013 / [ed] G. Hertel, C. Binnewies, S. Krumm, H. Holling, & M. Kleinmann, 2013, p. 227-227Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Research has consistently documented a connection between working conditions and employee well-being. The literature emphasizes the importance of a balance at work – for instance, between demands and control, work and recovery, and effort and reward – for work attitudes and health. The purpose of this study is to investigate if increased knowledge through an intervention focusing on the connection between work environment and health has an effect on employees’ work climate and well-being. The intervention focuses on a variety of demands and resources at work, in addition to well-being.

    Design/Methodology: The data is retrieved from an on-going intervention study conducted in the public sector. A total of 178 social service employees participated in a two wave electronic survey conducted before and after the intervention. The intervention was directed to management and employees and had a survey feedback design (4x3 hours during a nine week period). The questionnaire included measures of demands (e.g., workload), resources (e.g., autonomy), and well-being (e.g., quality in sleep.

    Results: Preliminary analyses show that the mean levels of demands, resources and well-being generally remained stable over time. However, there was a decline in job satisfaction and social support over time.

    Limitations: The preliminary results reported at the conference need to be supplemented by follow - up data from a comparison organization. The aim is to collect such data.

    Research/Practical Implications: These results may be useful to organizations that need guidance in how to better integrate a positive work environment mindset into their organizations.

    Originality/Value: There is room for more intervention - and longitudinal studies within occupational psychology.

  • 17.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Häsänen, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Unwinding, recuperation, and health among social workers and caretakers at psychiatric ward2013In: Imagine the future world: How do we want to work tomorrow? Abstract proceedings of the 16th EAWOP Congress 2013 / [ed] Guido Hertel, Carmen Binnewies, Stefan Krumm, Heinz Holling, Martin Kleinmann, 2013, p. 230-231Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate unwinding and recuperation among social workers, caretakers at a psychiatric ward, and teachers as well as caretakers at a psychiatric school for children.

    Design/Methodology: Cluster analysis was used to identify groups of individuals (n=377) with similar activation-recuperation profiles. Six items were used and combined to identify level of activation and recuperation during 24-hr day. Three clusters were identified: “alert”, “in-between”, and “recuperated”. 28% fell into the nonrecuperated group, 44% in-between group, and 29% alert group. In the second analysis we investigated how the activationrecuperation profiles differed on a) symptoms of ill-health, b) illness related absence, c) organizational aspects.

    Results: Preliminary analysis shows that nonrecuperated group have more symptoms of illhealth, higher degree illness related absence, and poorer attendance of when sick than the others groups. Failure to recuperate was related to aspects of work the environment such as imbalance between demands-control, and work-life imbalance and illegitimate tasks and wrong task.

    Limitations: Cross-sectional studies of this kind do not able to test long-term effects. Therefore, we may not answer the question whether these effects are stable over time.

    Research/Practical Implications: From a preventive perspective, it is important to identify situations and processes that may lead to occupational exclusion. In the case of this group of social workers and caretakers, a pattern emerged were strongly associated with fatigue, anxiety, and failure to recuperate.

    Originality/Value: The value this study brings is the understanding how organizational characteristics may wear people down over a period of time by affecting negatively on individuals ability to unwind and recuperate.

  • 18.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kylin, Camilla
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kan insatser som syftar till att öka kunskapen om arbetsrelaterade faktorer förändra hälsa och arbetsrelaterade attityder bland medarbetare?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningen har konsekvent dokumenterat ett samband mellan psykosociala arbetsvillkor och anställdas hälsa. Litteraturen understryker vikten av balans på jobbet - t.ex. mellan krav och kontroll eller ansträngning och belöning, eller mellan arbete och återhämtning - för arbetsrelaterade attityder och hälsa. Vidare finns det utrymme för fler interventioner och longitudinella studier inom arbetspsykologin. Syftet med studien är att undersöka om ökad kunskap genom en intervention som fokuserar på sambanden mellan psykosociala arbetsmiljöfaktorer och hälsa har effekt på medarbetarnas upplevelse av arbetsklimat och hälsa över tid. Interventionen fokuserar på en mängd olika krav och resurser i arbetet, utöver hälsa och arbetsrelaterade attityder. Data härrör från en interventionsstudie som genomförts i den offentliga sektorn. Interventionen riktades till ledning och medarbetare och var utformad som en undersökning-återkoppling (4 x 3 timmar) under en nio veckorsperiod. Självskattningar avseende krav (t.ex. arbetsbelastning), resurser (t.ex. socialt stöd), hälsa (t.ex. GHQ), samt arbetsrelaterade attityder (t.ex. planer på att säga upp sig) samlades in via en internetbaserad enkätundersökning före och efter interventionen. Totalt deltog 178 anställda vid en socialtjänst. Det slutliga longitudinella urvalet inkluderar 40 medarbetare i en interventionsgrupp och 11 medarbetare i en referensgrupp vilka besvarade enkäten vid båda tillfällena. Analyser visar att de genomsnittliga nivåerna av krav, resurser, hälsa och arbetsrelaterade attityder i allmänhet varit stabila över tiden. Den kvantitativa belastningen (t=3.61; df=39; p<.01) och det sociala stödet (t=3.79; df=39, p<.01) minskade medan medarbetarnas planer på att säga upp sig ökade (t=-2,76; df=39, p<.01). Resultat av MANOVA visade på en multivariat interaktionseffekt mellan tid och grupp för variabeln krav (F[1,49]=3.28, p<.05), vilket indikerar att medelvärdenivåer för interventions- och referensgrupp utvecklats olika över tid. Interventionsgruppens krav minskar över tid vilket var ett förväntat resultat. För övriga studier framkom inga signifikanta skillnader.  Sammanfattningsvis hade interventionen inga effekter på hälsa och arbetsrelaterade attityder över tid, däremot framkom vissa effekter på några aspekter av krav och kontroll som ju speglar den psykosociala arbetsmiljön. Dessa effekter kan tyda på att interventionen satt igång en tankeprocess hos medarbetarna vilket tyder på att den här formen av intervention, över tid, kan ha positiva effekter på medarbetarnivå.

  • 19.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Kylin, Camilla
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology. North-West University, South Africa.
    A pilot-study of a worksite based participatory intervention program: Its acceptability and short-term effects on work climate and attitudes in human service employees2017In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 625-636Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees’ perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes.

    OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector. It is evaluated using participants’ perceptions of the intervention to investigate its acceptability as a feature of feasibility and its short-term effects on work climate factors (job demands and resources) and work-related attitudes.

    METHODS: Forty employees of a Swedish social service unit provided self-reports before, during, and after the intervention.

    RESULTS: As for effects, quantitative role overload and social support decreased while turnover intention increased. Responses to an open-ended question showed that participants considered the intervention program valuable for addressing issues relating to the psychosocial work climate.

    CONCLUSIONS: Although the findings are preliminary, it was possible to carry out this worksite based participatory organizational program in this particular setting. Also, the preliminary findings underscore the challenges associated with designing and implementing this type of intervention program, thus adding to the methodological discussion on implementation and evaluation.

  • 20.
    Näswall, Katharina
    et al.
    University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. North-West University, South Africa .
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Is work affecting my health?: Appraisals of how work affects health as a mediator in the relationship between working conditions and work-related attitudes2014In: Work & Stress, ISSN 0267-8373, E-ISSN 1464-5335, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 342-361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the role of appraisals by employees of how work is affecting their health, or could end up affecting it in the future. The study tests a model of health appraisals as a mediator of the effect of demands and control on employee attitudes (job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intentions). This was investigated in a sample of employees in a Swedish white-collar organization, who participated in three waves of a longitudinal study conducted in 2007, 2008 and 2009; a final sample of 292 employees participated at all three waves. The results indicate that employee appraisals of how work affects their health have an important role in how working conditions relate to subsequent work-related attitudes. The study supports the importance of including employee appraisals when studying the effects of working conditions.

  • 21.
    Sverke, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Näswall, Katharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Öhrming, Jan
    Employee participation in organizational change: Investigating the effects of proactive vs. reactive implementation of downsizing in Swedish hospitals2008In: German Journal of Human Resource Research, Vol. 22, p. 111-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas employee participation is generally conceived to facilitate implementation of organizational change, only limited research has investigated whether it may reduce the negative effects of downsizing. The present study compares two Swedish hospitals that implemented downsizing in different ways. While there were no major differences in stressors between hospitals, proactive implementation was associated with more employee participation. Moreover, employee participation variables were positively associated with employee work attitudes and well-being at both hospitals. These findings provide insights concerning the importance of a long-term strategic implementation of organizational change.

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