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  • 1. Dassanayake, B. S.
    et al.
    Das, Susanta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory.
    Ayyad, A.
    Bereczky, R. J.
    Tokesi, K.
    Tanis, J. A.
    Charge evolution and energy loss associated with electron transmission through a macroscopic single glass capillary2011In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, ISSN 0168-583X, E-ISSN 1872-9584, Vol. 269, no 11, p. 1243-1247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Charge (time) evolution and the angular dependence of incident electrons in the range 300-1030 eV through a single macroscopic glass capillary was studied. Charge measurements were done at a sample tilt angle of psi = 2' for observation angles 0= O' and 05 (both psi and 0 were measured with respect to the incident beam direction) at incident energies of 520.7 and 824.5 eV using a parallel-plate spectrometer. After equilibrium of transmission, electrons had lower average centroid (mean) energies than the respective primary beam values. Centroid energies of transmitted electrons at the centroid of the angular distribution (where the observation angle 0 is nearly equal to tilt angle of the sample psi) were found to decrease exponentially with increasing sample tilt angles for all the measured electron energies. This energy loss is attributed to inelastic scattering of electrons with the inner wall of the sample close to the capillary entrance. Furthermore, the centroid energies of the transmitted electron angular distributions at 520.7 eV were found to lose energy for angular positions away from the capillary axis (angular centroid position) for all tilt angles, indicating a higher degree of inelastic scattering at the edges of the angular distributions.

  • 2. Dassanayake, B. S.
    et al.
    Das, Susanta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory.
    Ayyad, A.
    Tanis, J. A.
    Electron transmission through a single glass macrocapillary: dependence on energy and time2011In: Physica Scripta, ISSN 0031-8949, E-ISSN 1402-4896, Vol. T144, p. 014041-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transmission of electrons through an insulating single cylindrically shaped glass capillary of macroscopic dimensions has been investigated for electron energies from 300 to 1000 eV using a high-resolution electrostatic parallel-plate analyzer (spectrometer). The transmitted intensity decreased with increasing sample tilt angle relative to the beam direction, and had two regions: direct, where there is no interaction of the beam with the inner capillary wall, and indirect, where it does interact. From the full-width-at-half-maximum of the angular distributions, the indirect region was found to reveal a further two distinct areas of characteristics versus tilt angle with respect to elasticity/inelasticity of transmitted electrons. Electron transmission for the case of no tilt of the sample was found to be time dependent, due to charge-up of the capillary inner surface. The new results are compared with previous experimental data obtained using a 10x lower resolution spectrometer.

  • 3.
    Thomas, Richard D.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Schmidt, Henning T.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Andler, Guillermo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Björkhage, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Blom, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Brännholm, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Bäckstrom, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Danared, Håkan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Das, Susanta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Haag, Nicole
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Halldén, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Hellberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Holm, Anne I. S.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Johansson, H. A. B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Källberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Källersjö, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Larsson, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Leontein, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Liljeby, Leif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Löfgren, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Malm, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Mannervik, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Masuda, Masaharu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Misra, Deepankar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Orban, A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Paál, Andras
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Reinhed, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Rensfelt, Karl-Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Rosén, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Schmidt, K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Seitz, Fabian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Simonsson, Ansgar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Weimer, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Zettergren, Henning
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Cederquist, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    The double electrostatic ion ring experiment: A unique cryogenic electrostatic storage ring for merged ion-beams studies2011In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 82, no 6, p. 065112-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe the design of a novel type of storage device currently under construction at Stockholm University, Sweden, using purely electrostatic focussing and deflection elements, in which ion beams of opposite charges are confined under extreme high vacuum cryogenic conditions in separate rings and merged over a common straight section. The construction of this double electrostatic ion ring experiment uniquely allows for studies of interactions between cations and anions at low and well-defined internal temperatures and centre-of-mass collision energies down to about 10 K and 10 meV, respectively. Position sensitive multi-hit detector systems have been extensively tested and proven to work in cryogenic environments and these will be used to measure correlations between reaction products in, for example, electron-transfer processes. The technical advantages of using purely electrostatic ion storage devices over magnetic ones are many, but the most relevant are: electrostatic elements which are more compact and easier to construct; remanent fields, hysteresis, and eddy-currents, which are of concern in magnetic devices, are no longer relevant; and electrical fields required to control the orbit of the ions are not only much easier to create and control than the corresponding magnetic fields, they also set no upper mass limit on the ions that can be stored. These technical differences are a boon to new areas of fundamental experimental research, not only in atomic and molecular physics but also in the boundaries of these fields with chemistry and biology. For examples, studies of interactions with internally cold molecular ions will be particular useful for applications in astrophysics, while studies of solvated ionic clusters will be of relevance to aeronomy and biology.

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