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  • 1. Evelina, Liliequist
    et al.
    Anna, Olovsdotter Lööv
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ett forskarsamtal om queer och *bygd2019In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 101-116Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här essän bygger på en digital diskussion den 21 januari 2019 på temat queer och *bygd mellan etnologen Evelina Liliequist och kulturgeografen Thomas Wimark, modererad av genusvetaren Anna Olovs-dotter Lööv.

  • 2.
    Hedlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Unaccompanied children claiming asylum on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity2019In: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 257-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the asylum claims of unaccompanied children concerning sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) and examines how case officers at the Swedish Migration Agency (SMA) responded to the credibility of their claims. The SMA provided one calendar year of asylum decisions concerning unaccompanied children, and 16 SOGI cases were identified. A thematic analysis of the cases was conducted. The results showed that case officers directed their focus to the quality of the children’s sexual relationships. This indicates that the case officers expect children to engage in long-term relationships similar to adults, despite their age. Furthermore, case officers tended to only render narratives credible if the society as whole was narrated as perpetrators. This indicates that case officers expect origin societies to be monolithic. The main conclusion, therefore, is that case officers are guided both by homonormative as well as homonationalist views in their decision-making process.

  • 3.
    Honkaniemi, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Juárez, Sol Pía
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Lagerqvist, Maja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Rostila, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Social hållbarhet i kollektivtrafiken2017In: Metoder och verktyg för sociala nyttoberäkningar i kollektivtrafiken / [ed] Thomas Wimark, Stockholm: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet , 2017, p. 9-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med skärpt fokusering på hållbar utveckling blir såväl politiskt ansvariga som akademiker allt mer sysselsatta inte enbart med infrastrukturens inverkan på ekonomi och miljö utan även dess sociala inverkan. Denna breda litteraturstudie har undersökt den sociala hållbarhetens roll i kollektivtrafikens infrastruktur. Den har siktat på att urskilja de olika komponenter i social hållbarhet som ingår i denna kontext, kvalitativa respektive kvantitativa analytiska metoder och deras krav på data samt tillämpbarheten av dessa rön i den svenska kontexten. Översikten utfördes med hjälp av indexeringstjänsten Web of Science, en kombinerad snöbollsmetod samt interna rekommendationer och analyser med hjälp av ett teoretiskt ramverk för hållbarhet anpassat från United Nations Environment Programme. Rönen ådagalade många kvantitativa tillvägagångssätt, däribland kostnads-/nyttoanalys [cost-benefit analyses (CBA)], tillämpningar av geografiska informationssystem (GIS), och jämlikhetsanalyser m.fl. Variabler för kollektivtrafik såsom tillgänglighet och rörlighet behandlades oftast tillsammans med sociala bestämningsfaktorer, liksom sociala utfallsvariabler däribland socialt utanförskap och socialt kapital. Kvalitativa infallsvinklar används däremot mer sällan i den här kontexten trots deras betydelse för att hjälpa till att fånga in användares erfarenheter och att urskilja nya sociala variabler. Utifrån dessa resultat och den rådande preferensen för kvantitativa metoder i svenska analyser av kollektivtrafik rekommenderar författarna mera fokus på de sociala utfallen av kollektivtrafikens infrastruktur genom att använda en blandning av kvantitativa och kvalitativa infallsvinklar.

  • 4. Lee, Joseph G. L.
    et al.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ortiz, Kasim S.
    Sewell, Kerry B.
    Health-related regional and neighborhood correlates of sexual minority concentration: A systematic review2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 6, article id e0198751Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    A growing literature explores spatial patterns of regional and neighborhood correlates of sexual minority (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual) concentration. Such patterns have implications for health and wellbeing if there are differences in health-promoting or health-hindering resources in neighborhoods or regions. We conducted a systematic review to assess sexual minority concentration in relation to area unit characteristics.

    Methods

    We included only records published after 1973 and made no exclusions by geography or language. We searched 11 databases (Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, Embase, GeoBase, GeoRef, LGBT Life, PsycINFO, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Sociological Abstracts, Web of Science) on November 19–21, 2016. We searched reference lists of included records. We used the following inclusion criteria: (1) Record is a quantitative study (that is, it uses statistics to describe or associate two or more variables); (2) Record is about (a) migration or internal migration of, (b) area unit selection by, or (c) concentration of sexual minority people (defined by identity, behavior, or attraction); (3) Criterion 2 is linked to the characteristics of regions or neighborhoods (at any spatial scale).

    Results

    Dual independent coding resulted in 51 records meeting inclusion criteria from the original pool of 5,591. From these records, we identified the 647 reported results linking sexual minority concentration with area unit characteristics. Of these, 132 were unadjusted relationships between sexual minority concentration and four theory-informed domains of neighborhood influence on health. We identified greater concentration of sexual minorities in regions with more resources and in more urban regions. A limited but troubling literature at the neighborhood level suggested potentially higher concentrations of sexual minorities in neighborhoods with fewer resources.

    Conclusions

    There are substantial gaps in the literature. We discuss the implications of our findings and gaps in relation to key theories of sexual minority health.

  • 5.
    Malmberg, Bo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Turunen, Jani
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Axelsson, Linn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Invandringens effekter på Sveriges ekonomiska utveckling2016Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Penje, Oskar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Social hållbarhet och segregation: kvantitativ tillgänglighetsmodellering för rumsliga analyser av kollektivtrafik2017In: Metoder och verktyg för sociala nyttoberäkningar i kollektivtrafiken / [ed] Thomas Wimark, Stockholm: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet , 2017, p. 55-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien har vi undersökt hur trafikdata från Stockholms läns landsting och rumslig statistik från kulturgeografiska institutionen på Stockholms universitet kan användas för att beräkna hur tillgänglighet till olika funktioner och kvaliteter är geografiskt fördelade. Syftet har varit att undersöka hur dessa mått i förlängningen skall kunna användas till att väga in den sociala nyttan av kollektivtrafikförändringar. Statistik har tagits fram över socioekonomiskt utsatta områden och möjligheterna med dessa har diskuterats. Statistiken bygger på individuppgifter rumsligt aggregerade till kvadratiska rutor. Kontextuella beräkningar på olika skalnivåer har gjorts för att identifiera de geografiska avgränsningarna för områden utifrån homogenitet i den socioekonomiska profilen. 

    Vilka olika typer av rese- och trafikdata som finns tillgängliga och vilka metoder som dessa erbjuder i att skapa variabler för tillgänglighet diskuteras även i kapitlet. Ett nätverksbaserat analysverktyg för restidsmodellering skapades i GIS. Vektordata över trafiksystemet kommer från SLLs databas PubTrans. Dessa har sammanlänkades med tidsattribut från SLLs visumdatabas. Modellen testades gentemot ett urval av funktioner som alla på något sätt kan anses associerade med social hållbarhet. Olika möjligheter att vidarebearbeta och analysera materialet belyses även i kapitlet såväl som brister och fördelar med den valda metoden.

    De modellgenererade tillgänglighetsvariablerna kan användas till att analysera relativa skillnader i tillgänglighet för olika lokaliteter inom länet. De är mindre lämpliga om syftet är att undersöka absoluta restider eller faktiskt resande. För högre tillförlitlighet i fråga om restider skulle ett indata bestående av reserelationer strukturerade i matris vara mer lämplig än en nätverksmodell. För att analysera relativa skillnader och vilka platser i regionen som löper risk för social exkludering till följd av svag tillgång till kollektivtrafik kan dock den testade modellen anses ändamålsenlig. 

  • 7.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    An Exploration of Feelings in the Migration Process among Queer Partners: Recension av Sara Ahlstedt, The Feeling of Migration: Narratives of Queer Intimacies and Partner Migration (2016)2017In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 22, no 2-3, p. 185-188Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Beyond Bright City Lights: The Migration Patterns of Gay Men and Lesbians2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most persistent popular notions of gay men and lesbians is that they either live in or move to larger cities. In this thesis, the geography and migration paths of gay men and lesbians are studied using the life course perspective to challenge this idea. It is argued that gay men and lesbians are affected by the time and place into which they are born. Like heterosexuals, they are subject to the normative conceptions of life paths that are present at a specific historical period and place. Adopting a mixed-methods approach, four studies related to this aim are conducted.

    The first study shows that the tendency for gay men and lesbians to be concentrated to the largest cities in Sweden is greater than for heterosexuals. However, it also shows that the concentration tendency of lesbians and couples is less strong. The second study illustrates that tolerance plays no role in the geographical concentration of gay men and lesbians. Although perceived tolerance is often assumed to matter, this study shows that measured intolerance does not have an effect on the concentration tendency. The third study explores the migration motives of gay men and lesbians living in the city of Malmö, Sweden. It shows that the life stories of older cohorts resembled typical rural-urban flight stories but that the youngest cohort stressed motives similar to the overall population. This is in sharp contrast to the fourth study, which scrutinises migration stories from Izmir, Turkey. Because legal recognition is lacking, following the same life path as heterosexuals is problematic for gay men and lesbians. Because moving out is connected to this path, they remained living at home longer or never moved. Accordingly, the family played a core role in their lives rather than the rural-urban binary.

    Taken together, these four studies show that the geography and migration patterns of gay men and lesbians are more multifaceted than living in or moving to a larger city.

  • 9.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Boendesegregation i Sverige – en översikt av det aktuella forskningsläget2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport ges en översikt av det aktuella forskningsläget gällande boendesegregationen i Sverige med avseende på omfattning och utveckling. Studier visar att den etniska boendesegregationen ökade på 1990-talet men att den under 2000-talet varit stabil eller till och med minskat. Vidare diskuteras vilka effekter olika uppväxtmiljöer får för individers livslopps, så kallade grannskapseffekter. Flera studier visar att uppväxt i olika typer av grannskap påverkar individers utbildningsbanor och arbetsmarknadsintegration. Slutligen diskuteras ett antal apsekter som forskningen kan bidra med till den aktuella debatten.

  • 10.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Homemaking and perpetual liminality among queer refugees2019In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As people continue to flee repressive regimes, discussions of refugees’ state of liminality have intensified. Refugee camps and detention centres tend to force refugees to endure living in liminality for long periods of time. Taking fleeing as a point of departure, this study suggests a change from the notion of fleeing as movement to a search for home and homemaking. This understanding shifts the analysis away from state-controlled spaces to a wider consideration of spaces of importance for homemaking. Widening the discussion on liminality to homemaking indicates that liminality can be experienced in a variety of spaces. Using material from interviews with queer refugees in the Swedish countryside, I discuss their travels, displacements and homemaking. Their stories show that creating a home is a continuous process delimited by norms in families, ethnic networks, host societies and queer networks. Not adhering to these norms renders homemaking difficult and pushes some queer refugees to liminal spaces. Thus, I suggest an understanding of some queer refugees as constantly rejected and pushed into a perpetual state of liminal homemaking. An analysis that illuminates refugees’ displacements from belonging moves discussions of liminality away from state-controlled spaces and highlights the norms that govern the homemaking process.

  • 11.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Is It Really Tolerance? Expanding the Knowledge About Diversity for the Creative Class2014In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 105, no 1, p. 46-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Among current theories on regional development the creative capital has received major attention. Several assessments of the theory have shown that tolerance and creativity cannot be ignored. However, as the focus in these assessments mainly has been to replicate the results of Richard Florida, they have put less emphasis on the issues the tolerance measures pose. This paper argues that tolerance has only been measured by diverse population and that this is insufficient. To solve this issue a variety of tolerance measures are introduced and underlying effects of other variables are tested for. Surprisingly, the only measure significant in the model is the bohemian measure. On the one hand, this renders support for the creative capital theory and suggests that attracting bohemian employees can gain economic growth. On the other hand, it problematises the tolerance concept and indicates that tolerance is hard to grasp and add to economic models.

  • 12.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Masculinities and Place edited by Andrew Gorman-Murray and Peter Hopkins, Routledge, New York, 20142017In: The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien, ISSN 0008-3658, E-ISSN 1541-0064, Vol. 61, no 1, p. e15-e16Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Metoder och angreppssätt för att fånga in social hållbarhet och nytta2017In: Metoder och verktyg för sociala nyttoberäkningar i kollektivtrafiken / [ed] Thomas Wimark, Stockholm: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Stockholms Universitet , 2017, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I olika kommuner och regioner har det skett ett arbete under det senaste decenniet för att fånga in vad som menas med social hållbarhet/nytta och hur det ska kunna mätas. Det har inte vuxit fram någon konsensus från detta arbete. Det saknas därför kunskap om vilka aspekter av social hållbarhet som är viktiga för kollektivtrafikplaneringen. Vidare saknas information om hur sociala nyttor skall kunna kvantifieras och integreras i olika kalkyler i kollektivtrafiksatsningar. Det är med bakgrund i denna problematik som detta forskningsprojekt skapades. Projektet var utformat som en tredelad förstudie där den första delen syftade till att kartlägga vilka metoder och verktyg som används inom forskningen. Syftet med den andra delen var att utforska en kvantitativ metod för att fånga in social nytta. Den tredje delen var designad för att se till vilka kompletterande effekter kvalitativa angreppssätt kan ge till att ringa in social nytta. I denna inledning beskrivs de huvudsakliga resultaten och därefter diskuteras de i det avslutande delkapitlet. 

  • 14.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Metoder och verktyg för sociala nyttoberäkningar i kollektivtrafiken2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I olika kommuner och regioner har det skett ett arbete under det senaste decenniet för att fånga in vad som menas med social hållbarhet/nytta och hur det ska kunna mätas. Det har inte vuxit fram någon konsensus genom detta arbete. Det saknas fortfarande kunskap om vilka aspekter av social hållbarhet som är viktiga för kollektivtrafikplaneringen. Vidare saknas information om hur sociala nyttor skall kunna kvantifieras och integreras i olika kalkyler i kollektivtrafiksatsningar. Det är med bakgrund i denna problematik som detta forskningsprojekt skapades. Projektet var utformat som en tredelad förstudie där den första delen syftade till att kartlägga vilka metoder och verktyg som används inom forskningen. Syftet med den andra delen var att utforska en kvantitativ metod för att fånga in social nytta. Den tredje delen var designad för att se till vilka kompletterande effekter kvalitativa angreppssätt kan ge till att ringa in social nytta. Vi hoppas att denna bok kan fylla igen den lucka i diskussionerna om social hållbarhet och nytta inom infrastruktursatsningar. Den kan fungera som en utgångpunkt för diskussioner om social hållbarhet och nytta och föranleda en starkare fokusering på social hållbarhet i planeringen av kollektivtrafiken.

  • 15.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Migration motives of gay men in the new acceptance era: a cohort study from Malmö, Sweden2016In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 605-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Greater diversity in life courses has become both possible and real in the twenty-first century, affecting the relocation behaviours of individuals. Therefore, it is logical that the relocation patterns of minorities have been receiving increasing attention. In particular, the migration patterns of gay men have been studied, with a focus on the embodied reasons for mobility. This downsized analysis has shown the importance of identity building and identity search. However, this article argues that analysis of migration among gay men also needs to be upsized. This study aims to show how both context and embodiment has affected the mobility of gay men. Through a case study within the context of a strong welfare state (Sweden) that adopted sexual equality early, gay men’s motives for migration are studied. The results suggest that the migration patterns of gay men are becoming more similar to those of the general population. This finding shows that current conceptualisations of the migration patterns of gay men can be advanced by acknowledging contextual effects. The integration of a downsized and an upsized understanding also offers the possibility of moving beyond the identity specifics showing that populations are becoming increasingly diverse and homogeneous simultaneously.

  • 16.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sexualitet och flyttningsmönster2016In: Samhällskroppen – om samhälle, kön och sexualitet: Ett kunskapsmaterial för lärare i samhällsorienterade ämnen i grundskolan och gymnasieskolan / [ed] Katarina Lindberg, Hans Olsson, Stockholm: RFSU (Riksförbundet för sexuell upplysning) , 2016, p. 155-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sexualitetens geografi – nya möjligheter med normkritisk pedagogik2013In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 71, no 3, p. 114-123Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sexuality and Emotions Situated in Time and Space2019In: Affective Dimensions of Fieldwork and Ethnography / [ed] Thomas Stodulka, Samia Dinkelaker, Ferdiansyah Thajib, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 157-166Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, I discuss sexual emotions erupting during fieldwork and argue that sexualities are situated in time and space. In order to understand these emotions, we need to recognize that sexualities are conceptualized in many ways and that different ways of expressing sexuality coexist and are interlinked. Drawing from experiences from three fieldwork periods, I propose a framework for analyzing researcher emotions with an emphasis on individuals without ignoring structure and context. Building on the life course concept, this entails thinking of affect as divided into a “feeling position” and “feeling experience.” Developing a unique feeling position, closest to an understanding of a mental state, it is deeply individual and dependent on the bodies, structures and contexts as individuals go through in life. Feeling positions both enable and disable feeling experiences in the daily lives, i.e., the expressed emotions at any point of time. However, feeling experiences also feed back to the position and ultimately prompt individual change. The fieldwork experiences discussed in this chapter demonstrate how sexuality and race, albeit from a privileged position, are conceived in different ways depending on time and space. Traveling through these times and spaces means being interpellated in ways, perhaps other than learned, and simultaneously adding yet other ways to be understood. These potentially confusing situations can become tangible through the emotions expressed or felt in the field. Applying the proposed life course concept is one way to made sense of these situations.

  • 19.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Skolan - ett heterosexuellt rum?2009In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, no 3, p. 150-156Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den senaste tiden har det dykt upp fler och fler arbeten inom kulturgeografi som använder sig av queerteori. Denna artikel behandlar begreppet queer och queerteori. Den framhåller även möjligheterna för kulturgeografer att använda queerteorin och visar exempel på hur forskningen om skolan skulle kunna berikas genom att implementera ett queerperspektiv.

  • 20.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The impact of family ties on the mobility decisions of gay men and lesbians2016In: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 659-676Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the twenty-first century, life paths are becoming ever more unpredictable and unstandardised as lives are lived in more diverse ways. Theories of individualisation suggest that this is a sign of an increased focus on the individual and the weakening family ties. Gay and lesbian migration studies that have focused on the importance of individual identity and coming out fit well into this narrative. However, as most of these studies have been conducted in the West, less is known of the lives of gay men and lesbians in other contexts. This study examines how a non-Western context differs from the Western experience through a case study involving interviews with gay and lesbian individuals in Izmir, Turkey. The results of the interviews highlight four themes: (1) the importance of the family as both constraining and supportive, (2) the emergence of gay and lesbian identities in Turkey leading to different cohort experiences, (3) the significance of emotional ties and intergenerational living and (4) empowering educational and work trajectories. It is argued that gay and lesbian migration must be reconceptualised beyond the view of the family as an entity to escape from. Rather, the study highlights the significance of the family and demonstrates that while individuals are becoming more independent, family ties are not necessarily weakening. Instead other trajectories, such as education and employment function as empowering paths in order to support and sustain identities. Thus, in contexts where the act of coming out is challenging, the potential for other life course trajectories should be considered.

  • 21.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The life course and emotions beyond fieldwork: affect as position and experience2017In: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 438-448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key debate about emotions in the field of human geography exists between geographies of affect, emphasising the non-cognitive, and emotional geography, emphasising the cognitive. In this paper, I draw on life course theory to present a parallel between the two. By dividing affect into two entities, känsloläge and känsloupplevelse, referring to a ‘feeling position’ and a ‘feeling experience’, I argue that a unique life course position can be analysed through känsloläge, while the feelings that are actually expressed and felt can be analysed through feeling rules in känsloupplevelse. To exemplify this relationship, I draw on affects and emotions from my own fieldwork, illustrating the ways in which känsloläge and känsloupplevelse affect both the research process and the researcher. In the conclusion section, the need for further exploration of the juxtaposition between the feeling position and the feeling experience, where the subject is centred but is not the sole owner of affect, is emphasised.

  • 22.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Tenure type landscapes and housing market change: a geographical perspective on neo-liberalization in Sweden2019In: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Discussions of tenure mix have received renewed interest as many have suggested that neo-liberalization has made way for gentrification of neighbourhoods and increasing segregation. Yet, few scholars have studied country-wide changes in tenure mix, due to the lack of data and appropriate methods. In this article, we propose to use tenure type landscapes to analyse changes in housing policy. We do so while acknowledging the evolution of housing policies in Sweden since 1990. Using individualized and multi-scalar tenure type landscapes to measure change in neighbourhoods, we analyse housing clusters in 1990 and 2012. We show that the tenure landscape in 1990 at the height of the welfare state was fairly diverse and mixed. During the next 22 years, however, the landscape changed to become more homogenized and dominated by ownership through tenure conversions and new housing. We argue that awareness of these changes is essential to understanding present and future segregation and gentrification processes.

  • 23.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Nielsen, Michael Meinild
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Migrant labor market integration: the association between initial settlement and subsequent employment and income among migrants2019In: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 101, no 2, p. 118-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The neighborhood effects literature indicates that a person’s place of residence may affect their socio-economic situation. This study examines the association between initial settlement and immigrants’ employment and income. Previous studies mostly used administratively defined geographical units of study, which may have led to an underestimation of neighborhood effects. The current study uses individualized neighborhoods, where neighborhoods are constructed based on each individual’s closest neighbors using geocoded register data, on different scales. In this way, more of the individual’s actual neighborhood is captured. The longitudinal study follows three cohorts of migrants and examines the relationship between the initial neighborhoods that migrants settle in and their employment and income, in the short and medium-long term. The results show clear associations between neighborhoods of initial settlement and labor market integration. Starting off in neighborhoods with high levels of deprivation is associated with lower levels of employment, while settling in affluent neighborhoods is associated with higher incomes. Findings are stable for different migrant cohorts and in the short and long term. Neighborhood effects are substantial especially for those settling in the most deprived or the most affluent neighborhoods.

  • 24.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hedlund, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Samlevnad som ideologi i migrationslagstiftningen2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1-2, p. 69-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we study how homosexuality has legally gone from exclusion to inclusion in migration law and what ideological understandings that underpin this inclusion. The data corpus of the study consisted of the preparatory work concerning same-sex sexuality, cohabitation and migration. Data was coded for patterns concerning the public administrative understandings of same-sex sexuality as described in the preparatory works. The coding was theoretically driven by critical and Marxist approaches to ideology. Conducting a thematic analysis, four themes were identified in the data. The overall finding is that the preparatory works give precedence to sexuality in terms of disposition (läggning) when it is linked to identity and intensions to engage in a long-term relationship. This means that alternative sexual identities and practices not compatible with the ”heterosexual matrix” have been excluded from the ideological lens. The ideological focus in the preparatory works could be seen as a reflection of the capitalist system, where some social categories are viewed as desirable to include in a capitalist society.

  • 25.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Lewis, Nathaniel M.
    Caretta, Martina A.
    A life course approach to the field and fieldwork2017In: Area (London 1969), ISSN 0004-0894, E-ISSN 1475-4762, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 390-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Life course scholars have theorised the relationship between individual life trajectories and geographic phenomena such as migration, partnering, reproduction and locational choice. They have engaged less frequently with the politics of fieldwork or the interrelationship of the life course and the field. Feminist geographers, in contrast, have made significant interventions into the social dynamics of fieldwork (e.g. relationships between researchers and participants), but less so on the life trajectories that precede and follow the fieldwork encounter. This special section thus contributes to both life course geographies and ongoing feminist interventions into the fieldwork process. In understanding fieldwork experiences through a life course approach, the contributors to this special section simultaneously deepen and systematise much of feminist geographic research on fieldwork. Their work highlights how life events and turning points, including those before, during and beyond fieldwork, can profoundly change – or be changed by – research experiences and outcomes. They also reveal how the trajectories of researchers, participants and the field itself become interconnected within specific historical times and contexts.

  • 26.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Nielsen, Michael Meinild
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Boende och integration: Samband mellan invandrades initiala bosättning och deras sysselsättning och inkomst2017Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the association between residential segregation and immigrants’ employment and income. Residential segregation, i.e. when individuals or groups with different characteristics live at geographical separate locations, is usually seen as problematic given its consequences for individual outcomes such as educational achievement and employment. When individuals live separately, they can be affected differently depending on what kind of neighbourhood they live in, through so-called neighbourhood effects. These neighbourhood effects have positive as well as negative outcomes for the individual’s socio-economic situation. For example, local norms concerning attitudes to higher education may influence the individual’s choice to seek higher education. There are studies showing that immigrants’ earnings may be affected positively if they settle in areas with a high share of immigrants, due to them benefitting from ethnic networks. On the other hand, several studies point to negative effects from living in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas on employment integration. Generally, three political strategies to counteract the negative effects of segregation have been used in Sweden. The strategy of mixed housing is based on the idea that a mixed development of different forms of tenure, types of properties and housing sizes leads to a mixed population composition. Refugee allocation, i.e. spreading the refugee population evenly over Swedish municipalities, has been another strategy to decline segregation. Finally, the Metropolitan Development Initiative was launched as a strategy where conditions for economic development were created in a number of vulnerable areas in metropolitan municipalities. Research has shown that none of these strategies managed to counteract the levels of residential segregation to any significant degree. With a background of increasing ethnic segregation trends in Sweden, this study aims to answer the following research question: How are the initial neighbourhoods that migrants settle in associated with their labour market integration, both on the short and the medium long term? Previous studies that analysed changes in levels segregation over time and the association between segregation and individual outcomes only used administratively defined geographical units of study. This may have led to an underestimation of neighbourhood effects. The current study uses individualized neighbourhoods, where we construct neighbourhoods based on each individual’s closest neighbours using geocoded register data, on different scales. In this way, we can better capture individuals’ actual neighbourhoods. The longitudinal study follows three cohorts of migrants and examines the relationship between initial settlement after registration and employment and income on the short and medium long term. The migrant cohorts arriving to Sweden in the years 1995, 2001 and 2007 were included. The reason for studying three different migrant cohorts is to analyse whether a possible association between initial neighbourhood and labour market integration is sustainable over time and across cohorts. Labour market integration was measured as employment status and income four and ten years after arrival. We tested the association between initial residential neighbourhood and labour market integration through a model including both individual socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, whether people moved, municipal labour market conditions, and type of initial neighbourhood. We find a negative association between starting off in neighbourhoods with a high level of deprivation and the probability that migrants find employment, both in the short and medium long run. In addition, there is a clear association between initial neighbourhood and income level among those that have a job, by and large on the short and medium long term. The higher the level of wealth in the initial neighbourhood, the higher the probability for employment and the higher the income among those with a job, both on the short and long term. Similarly, the higher the level of deprivation in the neighbourhood, the lower the probability for work on the short and medium long term and the lower the income level on the short term. We also show that the association between migrants’ labour market integration and individual characteristics, especially for gender, education and mode of legal entry, is stronger than the association with initial neighbourhood. Our results show a negative correlation between initially residing in deprived areas and individual socio-economic outcomes. The results also show that there is a positive correlation between initially residing in neighbourhoods with high levels of affluence and individual socio-economic outcomes. A weakness of this type of study is that it is not possible to determine whether the measured correlations are causal, i.e. the associations may be due to other non-measured variables. Our model controls for mobility patterns and individual background factors, but there may be other factors that are not captured in our study. For example, we have no information about immigrants’ individual motivations, economic capital, contacts, etc. we can therefore not draw causal conclusions about how the initial neighbourhood affects immigrant labour market integration. Notwithstanding the study’s shortcomings, the results do give lead to reconsiderations of past policies. Firstly, the findings point in the direction of support for investment in new construction in prosperous areas to create better conditions for newly arrived immigrants. Since newly built apartments generally have higher rents or higher housing prices, they can be difficult to access for new immigrants. Therefore, we encourage solutions that enable housing opportunities for newly arrived immigrants in such areas to be cre- ated. Secondly, our findings also give support for strategies where new immigrants are allocated housing across geographical areas. One possibility might be to not only allocate newly arrived refugee migrants to municipalities, but also to consider what type of neighbourhood these groups are placed in. Thirdly, our results also hint at support for area-based initiatives that seek to counteract the negative correlations between settling in deprived areas and individual labour market outcomes. Previous research has advocated areabased initiatives that take into account disadvantages for immigrants to settle in disadvantaged neighbourhoods as well as advantages of settling close to the own ethnic group. Finally, we would like to point out that immigrant labour market integration is influenced by many different factors. The neighbourhood is one of these factors, but our results and previous research point to the importance of other factors, especially individual-level factors such as gender, mode of legal entry and educational level. This study has demonstrated the importance of individual socio-economic background, the municipal labour market and migration within the country, but there are more factors that influence labour market integration. Strategies aimed at improving the entrance of immigrants into the labour market need to take into account all these factors.

  • 27.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Östh, John
    The City as a Single Gay Male Magnet?: Gay and Lesbian Geographical Concentration in Sweden2014In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 20, no 8, p. 739-752Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last two decades, an increasing number of studies on the geographies of gay and lesbian couples have been carried out, stressing the urban significance, tolerance, and amenities. In this study, it is argued that former studies have only mapped a fraction of the gay and lesbian population, that is, the couples, and present a new method for retrieving information from the Internet to map gay and lesbian singles and couples. The findings indicate that there is a significant difference between gay and lesbian singles and couples and that the urban significance is much stronger for singles than for couples. In the conclusion, it is suggested that a life course perspective could explain this where gay and lesbian singles tend to concentrate in cities, but when they have found a partner and decide to move together, the city is less important. Finally, a recommendation reconsidering partnership data is made as it can be problematical to generalise such data for a gay and lesbian population.

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