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  • 1.
    Jon-And, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Reite, Torun
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    A direção da mudança linguística no português de Maputo: Dados diacrônicos de uma situação de contato2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Reite, Torun
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Commentaries on Omphile and his Soccer Ball: Colonialism, Methodology, Translanguaging Research [Review of Omphile and his Soccer Ball]2018Ingår i: Multilingual Margins, ISSN 2221-4216, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 38-40Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Reite, Torun
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Discursos fronteiriços de jovens moçambicanos: A linguagem, as ideologias e as subjetividades na colonialidade contemporânea2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Why are we talking about coloniality in postcolonial times? And what does language have to do with it? In addressing these two broad questions, this thesis sets out to provide empirically well-grounded reflections focusing: First, on how young Mozambicans’ linguistic repertoires and discursive practices relate to their sense of being in the world. And second, on how their perceptions resonate with recent sociolinguistic debates about the different roles language and ideologies play in constructing and reproducing conditions of contemporary coloniality. The role of postcolonial Portuguese is particularly highlighted. The introduction provides a critical, decolonial and epistemic reflexion that brings together four seemingly disparate studies. Moreover, it offers an invitation to critically reflect on discourses, ideologies and valuations that are carried in and on our individual and collective historical bodies and minds and are reproduced through different manifestations of what I call ‘discursive re(b)orderings’. Study I, explores how Portuguese spoken in Maputo has changed after independence and underpins the inquiry into the ‘construct’ of linguistic boundaries and its relation to ideas of language purity and how these ideologically laden notions impact knowledge production and perceived and lived mobilities in the ‘postcolony’. Study II, displays ‘languaging’ practices of young Mozambicans and their strategic orientations in their social-spatial deployment of linguistic resources, and explores ‘translanguaging’ as discursive space production. Study III, brings Frantz Fanon into the study of sociolinguistics of subjectivity and explores the reflexes of the ‘other’ in the constitution of the self of young Mozambicans, suggesting that intersubjectivity holds the promise of disentangling Fanon´s notion of ‘sociogenese’. Study IV brings Pierre Bourdieu´s Distinction (1984) into the ‘postcolony’ by emulating his methodology through multilevel big picture data, combining quantitative and qualitative data and analyses with approaches inspired by ethnography to look at ‘positions and dispositions’ of young Mozambicans across fields and markets. Theoretically, the thesis brings Bourdieu and Fanon together, and shows how nexus concepts, intersubjectivity and the historical bodies and minds represent promising avenues to the understanding of language in coloniality. Two nexus concepts, the habitus and the sociogenese, are adopted and complement each other. By mixing methodologies, the studies combined, manage to capture the complexities in the multi-layered and often subtle ways discursive bordering constructs and reproduces contemporary coloniality. Empirically, taken together, the four studies show how ideologies, the ‘constructs’ surrounding language and the symbolic value of Portuguese are taken up in language and discourses and in speakers’ strategic deployment of linguistic resources across fields and marketplaces in the ‘postcolony’. Moreover, it shows how all forms of capital: epistemic, economic, educational, linguistic and symbolic are reconfigured and revaluated. Nevertheless, mobility is contained, and socioeconomic inequalities are mirrored in sociolinguistic inequalities and even in material urban space to the effect of perpetuating conditions of contemporary coloniality.

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    Discursos fronteiriços de jovens moçambicanos: A linguagem, as ideologias e as subjetividades na colonialidade contemporânea
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  • 4.
    Reite, Torun
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Não pode dzi kwela chapa. Bourdieuan social distinctions in Mozambican postcolonial nation-buildingManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Positioned within critical sociolinguistics, this paper shows how Bourdieu’s notions of ‘distinction’ and habitus offer a coherent understanding of language and symbolic power in postcolonial settings of the Global South facing entangled processes of globalization, postcolonial nation building, and expansion of state provided education. These processes give rise to a multilayered and conflicting speaker. Showcasing Mozambique, the paper combines multilevel datasets; historiography, big picture survey data of the city of Maputo and an ethnographically inspired study from one neighborhood in the ‘poor belt’ of the city, to unravel complexities and what at first glance can seem contradictory dynamics. Crossing scales and markets, the paper shows how socioeconomic inequalities are mirrored in sociolinguistic inequalities and even in material urban space and suggests that ex-colonial languages, although ‘indigenized’ and submersed in a radically different ecology of fluid multilingual practices, nevertheless maintain – and actually exacerbate – local socio-economic stratification and reinstate condition of coloniality post independence.

  • 5.
    Reite, Torun
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Trajo Português - Destrinçando a Sociogénese nos Diálogos Fanonianos de jovens moçambicanosManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [pt]

    Este estudo traz o teórico pós-colonial Frantz Fanon (1925-1961) à sociolinguística crítica e analisa a experiência vivida por jovens moçambicanos, focalizando a dimensão intersubjetiva da linguagem e evidenciando não só a importância do reflexo do outro no processo de constituição do sujeito, aquilo que se descreve como ‘a relação eu e o outro’, mas igualmente a relação entre a constituição do sujeito e o social (ou seja sócio histórico), o que Fanon descreve como ‘a sociogénese’. Explorando o nexo teoria-empiria, o estudo visa desafiar as fronteiras disciplinares e descolonizar as abordagens tanto teóricas como metodológicas e abrir caminhos que contribuem para pluralizar a produção do saber. Ao nível teórico e conceitual, mostro a vigência da noção de ‘intersubjetividade’ para extrair a dimensão sócio-histórica da sociogénese. Proponho uma releitura de Fanon, demonstrando a vigência da sociogénese na destrinça das dinâmicas de corporização e internalização das ideologias e das categorias sociais, dando como exemplo ‘o assimilado’ que refrata o racismo, e que conduz a uma reprodução de condições de colonialidade hoje em dia.

  • 6.
    Reite, Torun
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Translinguando espaço? Discursos metalinguísticos de jovens moçambicanos sobre ‘languaging’2016Ingår i: Domínios de Lingu@gem, ISSN 1980-5799, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 1278-1301Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Translanguaging space? Mozambican Youth´s metalinguistic discourse on languaging

    This study explores languaging practices among plurilingual Mozambican youth based on metalinguistic discourse and considering changes in the linguistic ecology fueled by the expansion of Portuguese and other social processes in Mozambique during post-independence. Additionally, this paper discusses the hypothesis of transforming languaging practices among plurilingual youth, which through a translanguaging lens can be seen as translanguaging space (GARCÍA; WEI, 2014; WEI, 2011). The approach is multimethodological and consists of autobiographic interviews, observations and metalinguistic discourse including audio and video material. The nine participants come from two different provinces in Mozambique: Nampula and Maputo. The results confirm the emergence of new languaging practices which the youth prefer and use in communication with peers. The creativity and criticality highlighted by Wei as key elements of translanguaging space (WEI, 2011) are observed and regarded as space construction (LEFEBVRE, 1991), or revindication of space(s) and, among other things, the historical and cultural hegemonic positioning of the monoglossic ideology of Portuguese in institutional spaces.

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  • 7.
    Reite, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Jon-And, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Oral Portuguese in Maputo from a diachronic perspective: Diffusion of linguistic innovations in a language shift scenario2017Ingår i: Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 12: Selected papers from the 45th Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LSRL), Campinas, Brazil / [ed] Ruth E.V. Lopes, Juanito Ornelas de Avelar, Sonia M. L. Cyrino, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2017, s. 199-212Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the diffusion of contact-induced linguistic innovations in Portuguese spoken in Maputo, Mozambique, in two datasets from 1993/4 and 2007, focusing on quantitative accounts of linguistic innovations at lexical, lexico-syntactic, syntactic and morphosyntactic levels. Overall, innovative features that registered in the two datasets are qualitatively the same. Results confirm an increase in the frequency of innovative features related to second language acquisition and language contact at all linguist levels, with particularly high diffusion rates of morphological simplifications. This increase may be related to bilingualism and changes in use of, access to, and input of Portuguese. Furthermore, the qualitative stability of features may be a sign of an emerging usage norm.

  • 8.
    Reite, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Premat, Christophe
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Tracing Frantz Fanon´s African connections2018Ingår i: Memories in motion: Transnational and migratory perspectives in memory processes, Stockholm: Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Stockholm University , 2018, s. 31-32Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from a postcolonial perspective, this study adopts the notions of travelling theories (Said, 1994), to trace Fanon´s thinking as enacted in political discourses of the Senegalese Leopold Senghor´s (Roynette, 2005;  Vivaldi, 2007) and the first Mozambican president, Samora Machel. According to Said (Said, 1993), it is precisely the geographical dispersion which allows for the renewed revolutionary potential of travelling theories and we will explore this claim through what we call the tracing of Fanon´s African connections focusing on selected political discourses from the 60s and 70s, but also providing examples of traces of Fanon´s legacy in contemporary Senegal and Mozambique. We will contextualize these with examples of Fanonian practices from other social and political movements in contemporary Africa, such as South Africa,  (Gibson, 2011).

    Based on analyses of a sample of political discourses, newspaper articles, memoires and secondary literature, the study discusses the Fanonian traces in these African connections and includes a discussion of acknowledged or unconscious influences, creative borrowing and the wholesale appropriation of Fanon´s thinking and relate these to his main works: Black Skin, White Masks (Fanon, 2008 , [1952]), The Wretched of the Earth (Fanon, 2004, [1961]) and Towards the African Revolution (1964). The hypothesis is that the Fanonian discourse works as a travelling memory for many African leaders since the independence.

    Preliminary results attest to the continued relevance of the Fanonian dual emphasis on the individual (subjective) and the social and, as his comment to Sartre, the specificity of the Fanonian perspective on the racial relationship entrenched in a colonial setting.  As a preliminary reflection we claim that the emphasis on the individual (subjective) was disregarded in the discursive superseding of the racial relationship, particularly identified among liberation movements that adopted (the most purist) socialist/marxist ideologies. We trace what we consider the erasure and invisibilization of the everyday racism and provide examples of more recent resurgences of Fanonian discourses and practices in contemporary social and political movements. We identify a renewed interest for the dual emphasis on the individual and the social and recognition of a reproduction of the colonial alienation and segregation in globalized late modernity.

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    fulltext
  • 9.
    Reite, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Premat, Christophe
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Travelling theories? Caribbean postcolonial thinkers today: the cases of Frantz Fanon and Aimé Césaire2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Aimé Césaire (1913-2008) and Frantz Fanon (1925-1961) devoted their work to the radical criticism of colonialism. Whereas Césaire was mainly linked to the emergence of the aesthetics of négritude, Fanon analyzed everyday racism as an alienating spatial relation and considered colonization as a spatial organization – both material and mental. Torun Reite and Christophe Premat will show how the concepts of Césaire and Fanon are still used to describe material and mental borders remaining in different postcolonial contexts. They will also discuss the ways in which these concepts are rooted in the Caribbean context, but also what made them travel so well and connect with social and political movements far beyond this region. 

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1 - 9 av 9
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