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  • 1.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    "Heja Uffe!": Så legitimeras mäns överordning2006In: Kvinnovetenskaplig Tidskrift, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Common-Sense Notions of “Nation": A Challenge for Teaching2013In: Journal of Political Science Education, ISSN 1551-2169, E-ISSN 1551-2177, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 34-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how students' common-sense conceptualizations of “nation,” specifically the Swedish nation, operate in teaching situations in which a critical constructivist theory of “nation” is part of the curriculum. Taking its point of departure from discussions of conceptual change, this article examines how students negotiate common-sense notions and how these notions affect students' learning processes. We examine group discussions from two different undergraduate courses at a Swedish university. The article discusses obstacles and opportunities for students to understand the concept of “nation” from a constructivist perspective and to challenge the concept of “nation” as a given and natural entity. We find several discursive repertoires in the material. Three of these repertoires are scrutinized to discover how common-sense notions work. The repertories are multifaceted and can function in ways that facilitate as well as block denaturalization. The results show that common-sense understandings remain with the students even if they learn to account for constructivist perspectives. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that students' understandings of scholarly discussions of “nation” are complex and that resisting the content of a specific theory may, in some cases, be productive in terms of learning.

  • 3.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Den nationella väven - introduktion2010In: Den nationella väven: Feministiska analyser / [ed] Maria Jansson, Maria Wendt & Cecilia Åse, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1. uppl.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ett ögonblick (utanför ordningen): Om minnesarbete i undervisningssituationer2007Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Klasslös i bersån: Ett minnesarbete om skapandet av nationell harmoni2010In: Den nationella väven: Feministiska analyser / [ed] Maria Jansson, Maria Wendt & Cecilia Åse, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kön och nation i vardag och vetenskap2007In: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, no 3, p. 241-258Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Memory Work Reconsidered2008In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, Vol. 16, no 14, p. 228-240Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Murstedt, Linda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Liberal liability: Understanding Students’ Conceptions of Gender Structures2014In: Journal of Social Science Education, ISSN 1611-9665, E-ISSN 1618-5293, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 63-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that teaching gender theories tends to be an educational challenge and elicits student resistance.However, little is known about students’ learning processes in social science. This study aims to explore these learningprocesses by drawing on feminist pedagogy and conceptual change theory. The results show that when students areasked to perform analysis from a structural gender perspective, they recurrently introduce other explanatoryframeworks based on non‐structural understandings. The students’ learning processes involve reformulatingquestions and making interpretations based on liberal understandings of power, freedom of choice and equality. Weargue that this process is due to the hegemonic position of the liberal paradigm as well as to the dominant ideas aboutscience. Clarifying the underlying presumptions of a liberal perspective and a structural perspective may help studentsto recognise applied premises and enable them to distinguish relevant explanations.

  • 9.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Carbin, MariaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.Reinikainen, JouniStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.Gottardis, AndreasStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.Näsström, SofiaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.Wendt, MariaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Texter i samtida politisk teori2004Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Wendt Höjer, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rädslans politik: våld och sexualitet i den svenska demokratin2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis argues that men’s violence, and women’s fear of that violence, constitute a central problem for democracy. Women’s possibilities of participating in society are drastically limited by their bodily integrity being threatened, both in public and in the home. As long as women lack the fundamental right to their own bodies, it makes no sense to speak of a functioning democratic order or equal citizenship for women and men.

    The thesis seeks to investigate how men’s violence against women has been dealt with in Swedish politics from the 1930s to the 1990s. The raw material consists in the Swedish public record – public inquiries, parliamentary bills,reports and parliamentary debates – from the period in question. The issue of violence against women is limited to two phenomena: physical assaults on women, and rape.

    An important question concerns what sort of representations of violence and sexuality, of gender and gender relations, dominate political life; and what sort of political measures these representations make possible. The thesis also presents,in terms of power analysis,an interpretation of public policy dealing with violence against women.

    The thesis claims that it is possible to interpret public policy as partly challenging the gender order. In different ways political barriers are challenged, both in terms of what can be brought into the public arena as a political problem,and the way a problem so flagged comes to be framed. Bit by bit the naturalness and banality of violence is eroded. Violence against women becomes a question on its own terms and demands a direct public answer.

    But the analysis also shows that public policy to a large extent is characterized by continuity. Two processes that reinforce the existing order are identified.The first process deals with how men’s violence against women is depoliticized. If the problem of violence is to win legitimacy as a political issue, it has to be defined and understood as something other than as part of a gendered order of domination and subordination. The second process that reinforces established gender power concerns how men’s political primacy is upheld in the public treatment of violence.The content and ambit of politics tends to be determined in relation to a male subject. When the male subject symptomatically becomes the departure point and central figure in political discourse – when it is he who sees and defines issues – women are constructed as the other, as the exceptional (even deviant) case.

    The analysis shows that political discourse to a large extent rejects both the definition of violence in terms of gender power and measures based on that understanding. From the viewpoint that citizenship means equal possibilities to politicize one’s life conditions and situation,women’s citizenship under present conditions must, the thesis suggests, be assessed as highly conditional. In political life women’s practical possibilities are circumscribed by the continuing règle du jeu that their experiences must be capable of formulation as the same as men’s in order to gain political legitimacy.

  • 11.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Almedalen som ritual och dragkamp om folket2018In: Almedalen: makt, magi och möten / [ed] Lena Lid Falkman, Stockholm: Stockholm School of Economics Institute of Research , 2018, p. 77-83Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    "Gör en analys!" Om studenters svårigheter att vetenskapligt analysera politik - och vad vi som lärare kan göra åt det2014In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 116, no 4, p. 405-423Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Landsfäder och småbarnsmammor: mediala gestaltningar av kön och politik2011In: Politik och kritik: en feministisk guide till statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall & Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1., p. 115-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Politik som spektakel: Almedalen, mediemakten och den svenska demokratin2012Book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Politics of War Rituals: Military Sacrifice and Gendered Meaning-making2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 41-67Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the new official war rituals that were instigated in order to address European soldiers’ deaths during the ISAF mission in Afghanistan. How did ritualised practices and objects – such as ceremonies, medals, and Veterans’ Days – help to render the war mission meaningful and legitimate? Combining Feminist International Relations theory with scholarly work that addresses the politics of rituals, the chapter analyses which norms and ideals are called upon by these rituals, how hierarchies of values are produced and how national identities and gendered norms are (re)constituted. Using cross-country comparison as a feminist method of denaturalisation, rituals in the UK, Denmark, and Sweden are specifically investigated. The elevation and sacralisation of violence stands out as a common theme, while notions of history, family, and masculinity are expressed in more nationally specific terms. Finally, the chapter discusses how the new war rituals have affected possibilities for political discussions of issues of international war missions in the countries examined.

  • 16.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Politisation of Feminist Research into Men's Violence against Women2012In: Australian feminist studies (Print), ISSN 0816-4649, E-ISSN 1465-3303, Vol. 27, no 71, p. 93-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2001, the first major study of the extent of men's violence against women in Sweden reported that almost every other woman had been exposed to male violence. This article investigates how this feminist-based survey was negotiated by the press and in national politics. The legitimacy of the investigation was undermined in a number of ways, both in the media and in politics. The report was defined as partial and not as reliable as 'conventional' criminological research. The resistance provoked by the investigation is here interpreted as a way of producing nationalistic notions, where 'Swedishness' is recreated as being woman-friendly, just and equal. In Sweden we have come a long way towards gender equality. In some respects-as regards female representation, for instance-we have come further than any other country in the world. Despite this, much remains to be done in a large number of fields. The work is of a long-term nature requiring determination, patience, commitment and not least-knowledge. (Regeringskansliet 2000, 3; emphasis added)

  • 17.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Undermining women's political agency: media coverage of Feministiskt Initiativ (Fi), Sweden's first feminist political party2016In: Resources for Feminist Research, ISSN 0707-8412, Vol. 34, no 3-4, p. 81-101Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Våldtäkt som demokratiproblem: Förändring och stabilitet i politik och debatt2010In: Sju perspektiv på våldtäkt / [ed] Ulrika Helldén, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2010, p. 132-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Fienden mitt ibland oss: kön och nation i pressbevakningen av Feministiskt initiativ2010In: Den nationella väven.: Feministiska analyser / [ed] Maria Jansson, Maria Wendt & Cecilia Åse, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1, p. 19-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Pedagogik och politik: en introduktion2014In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 116, no 4, p. 373-377Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    För Sverige - med livet som insats: Afghanistankriget, döden och demokratin2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 3, p. 359-388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Death, Democracy and the Swedish Afghanistan War

    Five Swedish soldiers lost their lives in Sweden’s military operation in Afghanistan (2002–2014). When citizens are killed in battle, justification of the individual sac-rifice becomes essential. For which values/for whom can the democratic state require its citizens to risk their lives? The purpose of this article is to analyse ideas and representations that support public discourse and constructions of meaning connected to the Swedish losses. The democratic implications of these construc-tions are also discussed. The results show that specific notions of gender and nation are central in the discourse. These notions limit what political positions and atti-tudes that become possible. National historical genealogies, as well as gender ide-als and family norms, frame military operations as “natural” and existential rather than political. Discourse is marked by emotions rather than by debate and delib-eration. The democratic discussion of military casualties and war-making is thereby constrained and critical perspectives become difficult to formulate.

  • 22.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Kön, våld och död i nya krig2017In: Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 239-250Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Learning dilemmas in undergraduate student independent essays2015In: Studies in Higher Education, ISSN 0307-5079, E-ISSN 1470-174X, Vol. 40, no 5, p. 838-851Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay-writing is generally viewed as the primary learning activity to fosterindependence and analytical thinking. In this article, we show that independentresearch projects do not necessarily lead to critical thinking. University-leveleducation on conducting independent projects can, in several respects, counteractenhanced analytical skills. The purpose of this study is to advance knowledge onthe difficulties students experience in acquiring analytical skills. A group ofundergraduate political science students were interviewed while they attended anindependent research course. They were also asked to record their reflections.The digital diaries provide access to the students’ perceptions regarding theassignment and their struggles as they handle scientific problems. We argue thatthe students are caught up in different learning dilemmas when asked to performindependent academic research. One result is that ambiguous and contradictoryunderstandings of science affect the learning processes and thus affect thestudents’ possibilities for developing analytical thinking.

  • 24.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Manliga maktordningar2009In: Politisk teori / [ed] Ludvig Beckman & Ulf Mörkenstam, Malmö: Liber, 2009, 1., p. 191-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    När soldater dör tystnar det demokratiska samtalet2018In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hårda bud: manifest för en levd statsvetenskap2010In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 112, no 4, p. 407-409Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tre nyanser av Sverige2011In: Kön, makt, nation: tillägnad Maud Eduards / [ed] Diane Sainsbury & Maritta Soininen, Stockholm: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Stockholms universitet , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Quirico, Monica
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendered Grief: Mourners' Politicisation of Military Death2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 145-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates how the relatives of the European soldiers who died in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014), particularly mothers, organised and acted publicly and politically. What is the potential for personal grief to contest political and justificatory war narratives? Feminist scholarship on the relationship between gender, war grief, and politics provides the theoretical framework. Using cross-country comparison as a feminist method of denaturalisation, the chapter discusses gendered grief in the six European countries, with a specific focus on Italy, Sweden and the UK. The comparative analysis identifies general patterns and pinpoints the national differences that had a key influence on the politicisation of war grief. A “politico-emotional war contract” is put forward as a key component both opening up space for and stifling bereaved relatives’ political agency. The chapter discusses how relatives made use of gender representations to challenge established war narratives, but also shows how women’s grief was silenced or appropriated and used to sanction and beautify military violence. An important result concerns how different national contexts condition the possibilities for women’s agency as grieving mothers and wives.

  • 29.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Comparison as Feminist Method: Denaturalising Gender and Nation2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 17-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter develops the cross-country comparison as a feminist method for the critical interrogation of naturalised ideas and representations. Recognising denaturalisation as a shared feminist approach, Cynthia Enloe’s concept of “feminist curiosity” is developed in order to advance cross-national comparison. The basic idea is that comparison assists denaturalisation because it enables the analysis of taken-for-granted ideas, identities, and emotional investments. The chapter presents the comparative methodology used in the subsequent chapters of the volume Gendering Military Sacrifice, where meaning-making associated with military losses in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014) are examined in six European countries. Discussing the methodological challenges related to denaturalising constructions of gender and nation, several research strategies used in the following empirical contributions are presented. These include working collectively, combining in-depth contextual knowledge with comparisons between national contexts, and presenting research according to empirical sites rather than based on a nation-by-nation perspective. As a necessary background to the following transnationally arranged chapters, this chapter also presents the differing war legacies and the building blocks of national identities as well as the overarching gender/nation relations for all the countries discussed in the volume.

  • 30.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Conclusion: The Gendered Politics of Contemporary Military Sacrifice2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 177-197Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Combining the results of the feminist comparative cross-country analyses presented in this book, this concluding chapter underlines the shared features as well as the national differences in European nations’ efforts to give meaning to the military losses during the Afghanistan war (2001–2014). Humanitarian justifications could motivate dispatching soldiers to Afghanistan, but were inadequate when the countries faced military fatalities. The establishment of national history and time, the renegotiation of relations between home and away, and the family trope rendered the war deaths meaningful and affected possibilities to critically discuss the war mission. An important argument is that potential for dissent vis-à-vis military violence depended on gendered national narratives. Discussing Feminist International Relations, the chapter addresses gendered protector/protected renegotiations, and spells out the gender consequences of the linkage between state sovereignty and military sacrifice. In closing, the chapter proposes the denaturalisation and politicisation of gender–nation constructions as essential to advancing war-critical narratives and effective anti-militarist strategies.

  • 31.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, MariaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendering military sacrifice: A feminist comparative analysis2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does military sacrifice mean in today’s globalised world? For what ethical principles and beliefs are citizens prepared to die and to sacrifice their loved ones? In present-day security discourses emphasising human rights and an international responsibility to protect, traditional masculinised obligations to die for the homeland and its women and children are challenged and renegotiated. Working from a critical feminist perspective, the authors examine the political and societal justifications for sacrifice in wars motivated by post-national and humanitarian values. This volume provides original empirical research from six European countries, demonstrating how gendered and nationalistic representations saturate contemporary notions of sacrifice and legitimate military violence. A key argument is that a gender perspective is necessary in order to understand, and to oppose, the idea of the honourable military death.

    Bringing together a wide range of materials – including public debates, rituals, monuments and artwork – to analyse the justifications for soldiers’ deaths in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014), the analysis challenges methodological nationalism. The authors develop a feminist comparative methodology and engage in cross-country and transdisciplinary analysis. This innovative approach generates new understandings of the ways in which both the idealisation and political contestation of military violence depend on gendered national narratives.

  • 32.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendering the new hero narratives: Military death in Denmark and Sweden2018In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 20th century, wars were fought primarily in the name of protecting the homeland.Making the ‘ultimate sacrifice’ was a national masculine duty and a key feature of military heroism.Today, human rights and international values justify war-making and legitimise military action.In one of these post-national wars, the International Security Assistance Force operation inAfghanistan, more than 700 European soldiers have lost their lives. How have these deaths beenlegitimised, and how has the new security discourse affected notions of masculinised heroism andsacrifice? This article investigates how the dimensions of national/international and masculinity/femininity are negotiated in media narratives of heroism and sacrifice in Denmark and Sweden.Regarding scholarly discussions on the professionalisation, individualisation and domesticationof military heroism, the empirical analysis demonstrates that the Danish/Swedish nationremains posited as the core context for military heroism and sacrifice. In the media narratives,professionalism is represented as an expression of specific national qualities. The media narrativesconflate nation and family and represent military heroes as distinctively masculine and nationalfigures. It is argued that a family trope has become vital in present-day hero narratives. This tropeis disposed towards collective emotions, national loyalty and conservative gender ideals.

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