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  • 1.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    "Heja Uffe!": Så legitimeras mäns överordning2006Ingår i: Kvinnovetenskaplig Tidskrift, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Common-Sense Notions of “Nation": A Challenge for Teaching2013Ingår i: Journal of Political Science Education, ISSN 1551-2169, E-ISSN 1551-2177, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 34-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how students' common-sense conceptualizations of “nation,” specifically the Swedish nation, operate in teaching situations in which a critical constructivist theory of “nation” is part of the curriculum. Taking its point of departure from discussions of conceptual change, this article examines how students negotiate common-sense notions and how these notions affect students' learning processes. We examine group discussions from two different undergraduate courses at a Swedish university. The article discusses obstacles and opportunities for students to understand the concept of “nation” from a constructivist perspective and to challenge the concept of “nation” as a given and natural entity. We find several discursive repertoires in the material. Three of these repertoires are scrutinized to discover how common-sense notions work. The repertories are multifaceted and can function in ways that facilitate as well as block denaturalization. The results show that common-sense understandings remain with the students even if they learn to account for constructivist perspectives. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that students' understandings of scholarly discussions of “nation” are complex and that resisting the content of a specific theory may, in some cases, be productive in terms of learning.

  • 3.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Den nationella väven - introduktion2010Ingår i: Den nationella väven: Feministiska analyser / [ed] Maria Jansson, Maria Wendt & Cecilia Åse, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1. uppl.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 4.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ett ögonblick (utanför ordningen): Om minnesarbete i undervisningssituationer2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Klasslös i bersån: Ett minnesarbete om skapandet av nationell harmoni2010Ingår i: Den nationella väven: Feministiska analyser / [ed] Maria Jansson, Maria Wendt & Cecilia Åse, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kön och nation i vardag och vetenskap2007Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, nr 3, s. 241-258Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Jansson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Memory Work Reconsidered2008Ingår i: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, Vol. 16, nr 14, s. 228-240Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 8.
    Murstedt, Linda
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Liberal liability: Understanding Students’ Conceptions of Gender Structures2014Ingår i: Journal of Social Science Education, ISSN 1611-9665, E-ISSN 1618-5293, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 63-73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that teaching gender theories tends to be an educational challenge and elicits student resistance.However, little is known about students’ learning processes in social science. This study aims to explore these learningprocesses by drawing on feminist pedagogy and conceptual change theory. The results show that when students areasked to perform analysis from a structural gender perspective, they recurrently introduce other explanatoryframeworks based on non‐structural understandings. The students’ learning processes involve reformulatingquestions and making interpretations based on liberal understandings of power, freedom of choice and equality. Weargue that this process is due to the hegemonic position of the liberal paradigm as well as to the dominant ideas aboutscience. Clarifying the underlying presumptions of a liberal perspective and a structural perspective may help studentsto recognise applied premises and enable them to distinguish relevant explanations.

  • 9.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Carbin, MariaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Reinikainen, JouniStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Gottardis, AndreasStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Näsström, SofiaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Wendt, MariaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Texter i samtida politisk teori2004Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 10.
    Wendt Höjer, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Rädslans politik: våld och sexualitet i den svenska demokratin2002Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis argues that men’s violence, and women’s fear of that violence, constitute a central problem for democracy. Women’s possibilities of participating in society are drastically limited by their bodily integrity being threatened, both in public and in the home. As long as women lack the fundamental right to their own bodies, it makes no sense to speak of a functioning democratic order or equal citizenship for women and men.

    The thesis seeks to investigate how men’s violence against women has been dealt with in Swedish politics from the 1930s to the 1990s. The raw material consists in the Swedish public record – public inquiries, parliamentary bills,reports and parliamentary debates – from the period in question. The issue of violence against women is limited to two phenomena: physical assaults on women, and rape.

    An important question concerns what sort of representations of violence and sexuality, of gender and gender relations, dominate political life; and what sort of political measures these representations make possible. The thesis also presents,in terms of power analysis,an interpretation of public policy dealing with violence against women.

    The thesis claims that it is possible to interpret public policy as partly challenging the gender order. In different ways political barriers are challenged, both in terms of what can be brought into the public arena as a political problem,and the way a problem so flagged comes to be framed. Bit by bit the naturalness and banality of violence is eroded. Violence against women becomes a question on its own terms and demands a direct public answer.

    But the analysis also shows that public policy to a large extent is characterized by continuity. Two processes that reinforce the existing order are identified.The first process deals with how men’s violence against women is depoliticized. If the problem of violence is to win legitimacy as a political issue, it has to be defined and understood as something other than as part of a gendered order of domination and subordination. The second process that reinforces established gender power concerns how men’s political primacy is upheld in the public treatment of violence.The content and ambit of politics tends to be determined in relation to a male subject. When the male subject symptomatically becomes the departure point and central figure in political discourse – when it is he who sees and defines issues – women are constructed as the other, as the exceptional (even deviant) case.

    The analysis shows that political discourse to a large extent rejects both the definition of violence in terms of gender power and measures based on that understanding. From the viewpoint that citizenship means equal possibilities to politicize one’s life conditions and situation,women’s citizenship under present conditions must, the thesis suggests, be assessed as highly conditional. In political life women’s practical possibilities are circumscribed by the continuing règle du jeu that their experiences must be capable of formulation as the same as men’s in order to gain political legitimacy.

  • 11.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Almedalen som ritual och dragkamp om folket2018Ingår i: Almedalen: makt, magi och möten / [ed] Lena Lid Falkman, Stockholm: Stockholm School of Economics Institute of Research , 2018, s. 77-83Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 12.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Comparing ‘deep’ insider knowledge: developing analytical strategies for cross-national qualitative studies2020Ingår i: International Journal of Social Research Methodology, ISSN 1364-5579, E-ISSN 1464-5300, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 241-254Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One overarching question in scholarly methodological discussions on qualitative comparative approaches concerns how it is possible to compare and generalise deep insider knowledge across (nationally) specific contexts. The aim of this article is to propose a research strategy that both facilitates the comparison and theorisation of such knowledge across nations and limits the risks of reproducing naturalised national ‘truths’. The strategy is developed within a feminist, cross-national, qualitative comparative analysis of how European countries addressed military deaths in connection with the ISAF mission in Afghanistan. The article underlines the importance of collective analytical work and of strategies that allow continuous movement between insider and outsider positions throughout the research process. A number of analytical strategies are presented: collective project design, alternating between analytical closeness and distance, and de-familiarising writing practices.

  • 13.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    "Gör en analys!" Om studenters svårigheter att vetenskapligt analysera politik - och vad vi som lärare kan göra åt det2014Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 116, nr 4, s. 405-423Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 14.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Landsfäder och småbarnsmammor: mediala gestaltningar av kön och politik2011Ingår i: Politik och kritik: en feministisk guide till statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall & Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1., s. 115-134Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Politik som spektakel: Almedalen, mediemakten och den svenska demokratin2012Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Politics of War Rituals: Military Sacrifice and Gendered Meaning-making2019Ingår i: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, s. 41-67Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the new official war rituals that were instigated in order to address European soldiers’ deaths during the ISAF mission in Afghanistan. How did ritualised practices and objects – such as ceremonies, medals, and Veterans’ Days – help to render the war mission meaningful and legitimate? Combining Feminist International Relations theory with scholarly work that addresses the politics of rituals, the chapter analyses which norms and ideals are called upon by these rituals, how hierarchies of values are produced and how national identities and gendered norms are (re)constituted. Using cross-country comparison as a feminist method of denaturalisation, rituals in the UK, Denmark, and Sweden are specifically investigated. The elevation and sacralisation of violence stands out as a common theme, while notions of history, family, and masculinity are expressed in more nationally specific terms. Finally, the chapter discusses how the new war rituals have affected possibilities for political discussions of issues of international war missions in the countries examined.

  • 17.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Politisation of Feminist Research into Men's Violence against Women2012Ingår i: Australian feminist studies (Print), ISSN 0816-4649, E-ISSN 1465-3303, Vol. 27, nr 71, s. 93-109Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2001, the first major study of the extent of men's violence against women in Sweden reported that almost every other woman had been exposed to male violence. This article investigates how this feminist-based survey was negotiated by the press and in national politics. The legitimacy of the investigation was undermined in a number of ways, both in the media and in politics. The report was defined as partial and not as reliable as 'conventional' criminological research. The resistance provoked by the investigation is here interpreted as a way of producing nationalistic notions, where 'Swedishness' is recreated as being woman-friendly, just and equal. In Sweden we have come a long way towards gender equality. In some respects-as regards female representation, for instance-we have come further than any other country in the world. Despite this, much remains to be done in a large number of fields. The work is of a long-term nature requiring determination, patience, commitment and not least-knowledge. (Regeringskansliet 2000, 3; emphasis added)

  • 18.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Undermining women's political agency: media coverage of Feministiskt Initiativ (Fi), Sweden's first feminist political party2016Ingår i: Resources for Feminist Research, ISSN 0707-8412, Vol. 34, nr 3-4, s. 81-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 19.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Våldtäkt som demokratiproblem: Förändring och stabilitet i politik och debatt2010Ingår i: Sju perspektiv på våldtäkt / [ed] Ulrika Helldén, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2010, s. 132-146Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Fienden mitt ibland oss: kön och nation i pressbevakningen av Feministiskt initiativ2010Ingår i: Den nationella väven.: Feministiska analyser / [ed] Maria Jansson, Maria Wendt & Cecilia Åse, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1, s. 19-51Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 21.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Pedagogik och politik: en introduktion2014Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 116, nr 4, s. 373-377Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    För Sverige - med livet som insats: Afghanistankriget, döden och demokratin2016Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, nr 3, s. 359-388Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Death, Democracy and the Swedish Afghanistan War

    Five Swedish soldiers lost their lives in Sweden’s military operation in Afghanistan (2002–2014). When citizens are killed in battle, justification of the individual sac-rifice becomes essential. For which values/for whom can the democratic state require its citizens to risk their lives? The purpose of this article is to analyse ideas and representations that support public discourse and constructions of meaning connected to the Swedish losses. The democratic implications of these construc-tions are also discussed. The results show that specific notions of gender and nation are central in the discourse. These notions limit what political positions and atti-tudes that become possible. National historical genealogies, as well as gender ide-als and family norms, frame military operations as “natural” and existential rather than political. Discourse is marked by emotions rather than by debate and delib-eration. The democratic discussion of military casualties and war-making is thereby constrained and critical perspectives become difficult to formulate.

  • 23.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Kön, våld och död i nya krig2017Ingår i: Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, s. 239-250Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Learning dilemmas in undergraduate student independent essays2015Ingår i: Studies in Higher Education, ISSN 0307-5079, E-ISSN 1470-174X, Vol. 40, nr 5, s. 838-851Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay-writing is generally viewed as the primary learning activity to fosterindependence and analytical thinking. In this article, we show that independentresearch projects do not necessarily lead to critical thinking. University-leveleducation on conducting independent projects can, in several respects, counteractenhanced analytical skills. The purpose of this study is to advance knowledge onthe difficulties students experience in acquiring analytical skills. A group ofundergraduate political science students were interviewed while they attended anindependent research course. They were also asked to record their reflections.The digital diaries provide access to the students’ perceptions regarding theassignment and their struggles as they handle scientific problems. We argue thatthe students are caught up in different learning dilemmas when asked to performindependent academic research. One result is that ambiguous and contradictoryunderstandings of science affect the learning processes and thus affect thestudents’ possibilities for developing analytical thinking.

  • 25.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Manliga maktordningar2009Ingår i: Politisk teori / [ed] Ludvig Beckman & Ulf Mörkenstam, Malmö: Liber, 2009, 1., s. 191-209Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 26.
    Wendt, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    När soldater dör tystnar det demokratiska samtalet2018Ingår i: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 27.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hårda bud: manifest för en levd statsvetenskap2010Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 112, nr 4, s. 407-409Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tre nyanser av Sverige2011Ingår i: Kön, makt, nation: tillägnad Maud Eduards / [ed] Diane Sainsbury & Maritta Soininen, Stockholm: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Stockholms universitet , 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 29.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Quirico, Monica
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Gendered Grief: Mourners' Politicisation of Military Death2019Ingår i: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, s. 145-176Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates how the relatives of the European soldiers who died in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014), particularly mothers, organised and acted publicly and politically. What is the potential for personal grief to contest political and justificatory war narratives? Feminist scholarship on the relationship between gender, war grief, and politics provides the theoretical framework. Using cross-country comparison as a feminist method of denaturalisation, the chapter discusses gendered grief in the six European countries, with a specific focus on Italy, Sweden and the UK. The comparative analysis identifies general patterns and pinpoints the national differences that had a key influence on the politicisation of war grief. A “politico-emotional war contract” is put forward as a key component both opening up space for and stifling bereaved relatives’ political agency. The chapter discusses how relatives made use of gender representations to challenge established war narratives, but also shows how women’s grief was silenced or appropriated and used to sanction and beautify military violence. An important result concerns how different national contexts condition the possibilities for women’s agency as grieving mothers and wives.

  • 30.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Comparison as Feminist Method: Denaturalising Gender and Nation2019Ingår i: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, s. 17-40Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter develops the cross-country comparison as a feminist method for the critical interrogation of naturalised ideas and representations. Recognising denaturalisation as a shared feminist approach, Cynthia Enloe’s concept of “feminist curiosity” is developed in order to advance cross-national comparison. The basic idea is that comparison assists denaturalisation because it enables the analysis of taken-for-granted ideas, identities, and emotional investments. The chapter presents the comparative methodology used in the subsequent chapters of the volume Gendering Military Sacrifice, where meaning-making associated with military losses in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014) are examined in six European countries. Discussing the methodological challenges related to denaturalising constructions of gender and nation, several research strategies used in the following empirical contributions are presented. These include working collectively, combining in-depth contextual knowledge with comparisons between national contexts, and presenting research according to empirical sites rather than based on a nation-by-nation perspective. As a necessary background to the following transnationally arranged chapters, this chapter also presents the differing war legacies and the building blocks of national identities as well as the overarching gender/nation relations for all the countries discussed in the volume.

  • 31.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Conclusion: The Gendered Politics of Contemporary Military Sacrifice2019Ingår i: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, s. 177-197Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Combining the results of the feminist comparative cross-country analyses presented in this book, this concluding chapter underlines the shared features as well as the national differences in European nations’ efforts to give meaning to the military losses during the Afghanistan war (2001–2014). Humanitarian justifications could motivate dispatching soldiers to Afghanistan, but were inadequate when the countries faced military fatalities. The establishment of national history and time, the renegotiation of relations between home and away, and the family trope rendered the war deaths meaningful and affected possibilities to critically discuss the war mission. An important argument is that potential for dissent vis-à-vis military violence depended on gendered national narratives. Discussing Feminist International Relations, the chapter addresses gendered protector/protected renegotiations, and spells out the gender consequences of the linkage between state sovereignty and military sacrifice. In closing, the chapter proposes the denaturalisation and politicisation of gender–nation constructions as essential to advancing war-critical narratives and effective anti-militarist strategies.

  • 32.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Wendt, MariaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Gendering military sacrifice: A feminist comparative analysis2019Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    What does military sacrifice mean in today’s globalised world? For what ethical principles and beliefs are citizens prepared to die and to sacrifice their loved ones? In present-day security discourses emphasising human rights and an international responsibility to protect, traditional masculinised obligations to die for the homeland and its women and children are challenged and renegotiated. Working from a critical feminist perspective, the authors examine the political and societal justifications for sacrifice in wars motivated by post-national and humanitarian values. This volume provides original empirical research from six European countries, demonstrating how gendered and nationalistic representations saturate contemporary notions of sacrifice and legitimate military violence. A key argument is that a gender perspective is necessary in order to understand, and to oppose, the idea of the honourable military death.

    Bringing together a wide range of materials – including public debates, rituals, monuments and artwork – to analyse the justifications for soldiers’ deaths in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014), the analysis challenges methodological nationalism. The authors develop a feminist comparative methodology and engage in cross-country and transdisciplinary analysis. This innovative approach generates new understandings of the ways in which both the idealisation and political contestation of military violence depend on gendered national narratives.

  • 33.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Gendering the new hero narratives: Military death in Denmark and Sweden2018Ingår i: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 53, nr 1, s. 23-41Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 20th century, wars were fought primarily in the name of protecting the homeland.Making the ‘ultimate sacrifice’ was a national masculine duty and a key feature of military heroism.Today, human rights and international values justify war-making and legitimise military action.In one of these post-national wars, the International Security Assistance Force operation inAfghanistan, more than 700 European soldiers have lost their lives. How have these deaths beenlegitimised, and how has the new security discourse affected notions of masculinised heroism andsacrifice? This article investigates how the dimensions of national/international and masculinity/femininity are negotiated in media narratives of heroism and sacrifice in Denmark and Sweden.Regarding scholarly discussions on the professionalisation, individualisation and domesticationof military heroism, the empirical analysis demonstrates that the Danish/Swedish nationremains posited as the core context for military heroism and sacrifice. In the media narratives,professionalism is represented as an expression of specific national qualities. The media narrativesconflate nation and family and represent military heroes as distinctively masculine and nationalfigures. It is argued that a family trope has become vital in present-day hero narratives. This tropeis disposed towards collective emotions, national loyalty and conservative gender ideals.

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