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  • 1.
    Abebe, Mihret
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Spherical and Porous Particles of Calcium Carbonate Synthesized with Food Friendly Polymer Additives2015In: Crystal Growth & Design, ISSN 1528-7483, E-ISSN 1528-7505, Vol. 15, no 8, p. 3609-3616Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Porous calcium carbonate particles were synthesized by adding solutions of Ca2+ to solutions of CO32- containing polymeric additives. Under optimized conditions well-defined aggregates of the anhydrous polymorph vaterite formed. A typical sample of these micrometer-sized aggregates had: a pore volume of 0.1 cm(3)/g, a pore width of similar to 10 nm, and a specific surface area of similar to 25-30 m(2)/ g. Only one mixing Order (calcium to carbonate) allowed the formation of vaterite, which was ascribed to the buffering capacity and relatively high pH of the CO32- solution. Rapid addition of the calcium chloride solution and rapid stirring promoted the formation of vaterite, due to the high supersaturation levels achieved. With xanthan gum, porous and micrometer-sized vaterite aggregates could be synthesized over a wide range of synthetic conditions. For the Other food grade polymers, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), methylcellulose (MC), and sodium carboxyl methylcellulose, several intensive and extensive synthetic parameters had to be optimized to obtain pure vaterite and porous aggregates. HPMC and MC allowed well-defined spherical micrometer-sited particles to form. We expect that these spherical and porous particles of vaterite could be relevant to model studies as well as a controlled delivery of particularly large molecules.

  • 2.
    Atluri, Rambabu
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Garcia-Bennett, Alfonso E.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Structural variations in mesoporous materials with cubic Pm(3)over-barn symmetry2010In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, ISSN 1387-1811, E-ISSN 1873-3093, Vol. 133, no 1-3, p. 27-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fine structural details of mesoporous materials possessing Pmn symmetry prepared with varying amphiphilic surfactants under acid and alkaline conditions are investigated using electron crystallography and sorption studies. The structural data derived is used to understand the parameters that govern the formation of cavity–windows and to propose synthetic strategies in order to control independently the size of the cavities and cavity–windows. Results support that whilst attainment of Pmn cubic packing is due to the overall surfactant geometry, the formation of cavity–windows is associated with the hydration layer formed at the interphase between the surfactant and the silica wall. The charge density at the micelle surface may be tailored using two strategies: (i) using dicationic gemini surfactants at low pHs resulting in an increase in the hydration layer; or (ii) by using co-structure directing agents such as organoalkoxysilanes which reduce the hydration layer surrounding the micelles. The latter leads to the formation of higher cavity sizes and may be useful for tuning fine structural details of mesoporous materials when considering their use in important applications such as gas separation.

  • 3. Atluri, Rambabu
    et al.
    Iqbal, Muhammad Naeem
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Villaescusa, Luis Angel
    Garcia-Bennett, Alfonso E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry. alfonso@mmk.su.se.
    Self-Assembly Mechanism of Folate-Templated Mesoporous Silica2013In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 29, no 38, p. 12003-12012Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method to form ordered mesoporous silica based on the use of folate supramolecular templates has been developed. Evidence based on in situ small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and in situ conductivity measurements are used to investigate the organic inorganic interactions and synthesis mechanism. The behavior of folate molecules in solution differs distinctively from that of surfactants commonly used for the preparation of ordered mesoporous silica phases, notably with the absence of a critical micellar concentration. In situ SAXS studies reveal fluctuations in X-ray scattering intensities consistent with the condensation of the silica precursor surrounding the folate template and the growth of the silica mesostructure in the initial stages. High-angle X-ray diffraction shows that the folate template is well-ordered within the pores even after a few minutes of synthesis. Direct structural data for the self-assembly of folates into chiral tetramers within the pores of mesoporous silica provide evidence for the in register stacking of folate tetramers, resulting in a chiral surface of rotated tetramers, with a rotation angle of 30 degrees. Additionally, the self-assembled folates within pores were capable of adsorbing a considerable amount of CO2 gas through the cavity space of the tetramers. The study demonstrates the validity of using a naturally occurring template to produce relevant and functional mesoporous materials.

  • 4.
    Aziz, Baroz
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Bacsik, Zoltán
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Quantification of chemisorption and physisorption of carbon dioxide on porous silica modified by propylamines: Effect of amine density2012In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, ISSN 1387-1811, E-ISSN 1873-3093, Vol. 159, p. 42-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Detailed molecular aspects of carbon dioxide sorption on porous silica with different amounts of tethered and cross-linked n-propylamine groups were investigated. Infrared spectroscopy was applied to directly quantify physisorbed and chemisorbed CO2 on the amine modified silicas. The fractions of physisorbed CO2 and various chemisorbed species were determined as functions of CO2 pressure and the amine density on the modified silica. Physisorbed CO2 was a minor portion of the total CO2 uptake at low pressures, but it’s contribution increased to ∼35% at 1 bar of CO2 when the propylamine surface density was low or medium (0.87-1.67 NH2/nm2). Chemisorption of CO2 dominated when the propylamine content was high (2.74 NH2/nm2). The quantities of propylammonium propylcarbamate ion pairs increased with increasing propylamine content. At low or medium amine surface densities (0.87-1.67 NH2/nm2) this increase was approximately proportional to the amine density, but the quantity of ion pairs increased very significantly when the propylamine content was high (2.74 NH2/nm2). This dependency on amine density is consistent with the idea that a sufficiently close proximity of propylamine groups allows a formation of ion pairs. The relative fractions of carbamic acid and silylpropylcarbamate were significant for materials on which ion pairs could not form. Furthermore, the quantities of carbamic acid increased with increasing amine densities suggesting that the ion pairs have a role to stabilize the labile carbamic acid through hydrogen bonds.

  • 5.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Ahlsten, Nanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ziadi, Asraa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhao, Guoying
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Garcia-Bennett, Alfonso E.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Martin-Matute, Belen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Mechanisms and Kinetics for Sorption of CO(2) on Bicontinuous Mesoporous Silica Modified with n-Propylamine2011In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 27, no 17, p. 11118-11128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We studied equilibrium adsorption and uptake kinetics and identified molecular species that formed during sorption of carbon dioxide on amine-modified silica. Bicontinuous silicas (AMS-6 and MCM-48) were postsynthetically modified with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane or (3-aminopropyl)methyldiethoxysilane, and amine-modified AMS-6 adsorbed more CO(2) than did amine-modified MCM-48. By in situ FTIR spectroscopy, we showed that the amine groups reacted with CO(2) and formed ammonium carbamate ion pairs as well as carbamic acids under both dry and moist conditions. The carbamic acid was stabilized by hydrogen bonds, and ammonium carbamate ion pairs formed preferably on sorbents with high densities of amine groups. Under dry conditions, silylpropylcarbamate formed, slowly, by condensing carbamic acid and silanol groups. The ratio of ammonium carbamate ion pairs to silylpropylcarbamate was higher for samples with high amine contents than samples with low amine contents. Bicarbonates or carbonates did not form under dry or moist conditions. The uptake of CO(2) was enhanced in the presence of water, which was rationalized by the observed release of additional amine groups under these conditions and related formation of ammonium carbamate ion pairs. Distinct evidence for a fourth and irreversibly formed moiety was observed under sorption of CO(2) under dry conditions. Significant amounts of physisorbed, linear CO(2) were detected at relatively high partial pressures of CO(2), such that they could adsorb only after the reactive amine groups were consumed.

  • 6.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Atluri, Rambabu
    Uppsala universitet.
    Garcia-Bennett, Alfonso E.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Temperature-Induced Uptake of CO2 and Formation of Carbamates in Mesocaged Silica Modified with n-Propylamines2010In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 26, no 12, p. 10013-10024Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adsorption-mediated CO2 separation can reduce the cost of carbon capture and storage. The reduction in cost requires adsorbents with high capacities for CO2 sorption and high CO2-over-N2 selectivity. Amine-modified sorbents are promising candidates for carbon capture. To investigate the details of CO2 adsorption in such materials, we studied mesocaged (cubic, Pmn symmetry) silica adsorbents with tethered propylamines using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and volumetric uptake experiments. The degree of heterogeneity in these coatings was varied by either cosynthesizing or postsynthetically introducing the propylamine modification. In situ FTIR spectroscopy revealed the presence of both physisorbed and chemisorbed CO2 in the materials. We present direct molecular evidence for physisorption using FTIR spectroscopy in mesoporous silica sorbents modified with propylamines. Physisorption reduced the CO2-over-N2 selectivity in amine-rich sorbents. Samples with homogeneous coatings showed typical CO2 adsorption trends and large quantities of IR-observable physisorbed CO2. The uptake of CO2 in mesocaged materials with heterogeneous propylamine coatings was higher at high temperatures than at low temperatures. At higher temperatures and low pressures, the postsynthetically modified materials adsorbed more CO2 than did the extracted ones, even though the surface area after modification was clearly reduced and the coverage of primary amine groups was lower. The principal mode of CO2 uptake in postsynthetically modified mesoporous silica was chemisorption. The chemisorbed moieties were present mainly as carbamate−ammonium ion pairs, resulting from the quantitative transformation of primary amine groups during CO2 adsorption as established by NIR spectroscopy. The heterogeneity in the coatings promoted the formation of these ion pairs. The average propylamine−propylamine distance must be small to allow the formation of carbamate−propylammonium ion pairs.

  • 7.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Cheung, Ocean
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Vasiliev, Petr
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Selective separation of CO2 and CH4 for biogas upgrading on zeolite NaKA and SAPO-562016In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 162, p. 613-621Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several commercial and potential adsorbents were investigated for the separation of CO2 from CH4, which is relevant for the upgrading of raw biogas. The main focus of the paper was on the working capacities and selectivities of the adsorbents for a generic vacuum swing adsorption (VSA) process. Zeolites 4A and 13X had good estimated CO2-over-CH4 selectivities and reasonably high working capacities for the removal of CO2. A variant of zeolite A - vertical bar Na12-Kx vertical bar-LTA (with 1.8 <= x <= 3.2), had at least the same working capacity as zeolite 4A but with a significantly improved selectivity. Hence, the environmentally important CH4 slip can be minimized with this vertical bar Na12-Kx vertical bar-LTA sorbent. If a high working capacity for CO2 removal is the most important characteristic for a VSA process, then silicoaluminum phosphate, specifically SAPO-56, appeared to be the best candidate among the studied sorbents. In addition, SAPO-56 had a substantially high estimated CO2-over-CH4 selectivity with a value between similar to 20 and 30.

  • 8.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Effects of carbon dioxide captured from ambient air on the infrared spectra of supported amines2016In: Vibrational Spectroscopy, ISSN 0924-2031, E-ISSN 1873-3697, Vol. 87, p. 215-221Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amino groups in highly dense coatings of amines on solid supports react with CO2 of ambient air and form ammonium-carbamate ion pairs. These ion pairs change the properties of the amine-modified supports. In numerous studies, the corresponding infrared (IR) spectra have been misinterpreted. The presumption has been that such ion pairs would not form in ambient air, and therefore IR bands have been assigned to moieties of the support and the amines. Here, we discuss common misunderstandings of the IR spectra of amine-modified supports and highlight that proper sample handling is necessary before employing different characterization techniques. We exemplify by performing an IR spectroscopic study of a propylamine-modified porous silica. Such amine-modified supports are relevant to applications in gas separation, catalysis, controlled drug delivery and adsorption of pollutants from water.

  • 9.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zhang, Peng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Ammonium-Carbamate-Rich Organogels for the Preparation of Amorphous Calcium Carbonates2017In: Minerals, ISSN 2075-163X, E-ISSN 2075-163X, Vol. 7, no 7, article id 110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amine-CO2 chemistry is important for a range of different chemical processes, including carbon dioxide capture. Here, we studied how aspects of this chemistry could be used to prepare calcium carbonates. Chemically crosslinked organogels were first prepared by reacting hyperbranched polyethylene imine (PEI) dissolved in DMSO with carbon dioxide. The crosslinks of the organogel consisted of ammonium-carbamate ion pairs as was shown by IR spectroscopy. These carbamate-rich organogels were subsequently subjected to aqueous solutions of calcium acetate, and amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) precipitated. The ACC did not crystalize during the mixing for up to 20 h, as was shown by a combination of IR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and thermal analysis. Some PEI had been included or adsorbed on the ACC particles. Traces of calcite were observed in one sample that had been subjected to water in a work-up procedure.

  • 10.
    Bacsik, Zoltán
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Adsorption of Carbonyl Sulfide on Propylamine Tethered to Porous Silica2018In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 34, no 26, p. 7708-7713Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbonyl sulfide (COS) reacts slowly with amines in the aqueous solutions used to absorb CO2 from natural gas and flue gas and can also deactivate certain aqueous amines. The effects of COS on amines tethered to porous silica, however, have not been investigated before. Hence, the adsorption of COS on aminopropyl groups tethered to porous silica was studied using in situ IR spectroscopy. COS chemisorbed mainly and reversibly as propylammonium propylthiocarbamate ion pairs [R-NH(C= O)S- +H3N-R] under dry conditions. In addition, a small amount of another chemisorbed species formed slowly and irreversibly. Nevertheless, the CO2 capacities of the adsorbents were fully retained after COS was desorbed.

  • 11. Bae, Juna
    et al.
    Cichocka, Magdalena O.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zhang, Yi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bals, Sara
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Willhammar, Tom
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hong, Suk Bong
    Phase Transformation Behavior of a Two-Dimensional Zeolite2019In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 58, no 30, p. 10230-10235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the molecular-level mechanisms of phase transformation in solids is of fundamental interest for functional materials such as zeolites. Two-dimensional (2D) zeolites, when used as shape-selective catalysts, can offer improved access to the catalytically active sites and a shortened diffusion length in comparison with their 3D analogues. However, few materials are known to maintain both their intralayer microporosity and structure during calcination for organic structure-directing agent (SDA) removal. Herein we report that PST-9, a new 2D zeolite which has been synthesized via the multiple inorganic cation approach and fulfills the requirements for true layered zeolites, can be transformed into the small-pore zeolite EU-12 under its crystallization conditions through the single-layer folding process, but not through the traditional dissolution/recrystallization route. We also show that zeolite crystal growth pathway can differ according to the type of organic SDAs employed.

  • 12. Bae, Juna
    et al.
    Willhammar, Tom
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Cichocka, Magdalena O.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zhang, Yi
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bals, Sara
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hong, Suk Bong
    A two-dimensional aluminosilicate PST-9 and its structure evolution to a 3D zeolite EU-12Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bogár, Krisztián
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Krumlinde, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bacsik, Zoltán
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bäckvall, Jan E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Heterogenized Wilkinson's Catalyst for Transfer Hydrogenation of Carbonyl Compounds2011In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, no 23, p. 4409-4414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wilkinson’s catalyst [RhCl(PPh3)3] was heterogenized on common silica by the use of a grafting/anchoring technique. The immobilized catalyst showed high activity and selectivity in transfer hydrogenation reactions of a range of carbonyl compounds in 2-propanol. Reactions carried out in 2-propanol at reflux afforded the corresponding alcohols in high yields in short reaction times. The heterogeneous feature ofthe catalyst allows for easy recovery and efficient reuse in the same reaction up to 5 times without any detectible loss of catalytic activity.

  • 14.
    Chen, Hong
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). China University of Geosciences, Wuhan.
    Yu, Zheng-Bao
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zhao, Huishuang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Yao, Qingxia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Peking University, China.
    Construction of Mesoporous Frameworks with Vanadoborate Clusters2014In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 53, no 14, p. 3608-3611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new porous vanadoborate was synthesized by employing the scale chemistry theory with the vanadoborate cluster V10B28. The twofold interpenetrated lvt network was assembled with zinc-containing elliptical vanadoborate clusters and Zn polyhedra. The single lvt framework contains a three-dimensional 38x38x20 ring channel system with the pore size (24.7x12.7 angstrom) reaching the mesoscale, thus indicating the possibility of constructing 3D ordered mesopores with vanadoborate clusters. The porosity of the SUT-7 structure was confirmed by CO2 adsorption of the as-synthesized materials.

  • 15.
    Cheung, Ocean
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Liu, Qingling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Mace, Amber
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Adsorption kinetics for CO2 on highly selective zeolites NaKA and nano-NaKA2013In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 112, p. 1326-1336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbon dioxide removal from flue gas via swing adsorption processes requires adsorbents with a high CO2 selectivity and capacity. These properties are particularly valuable to reduce the cost of carbon capture and storage (CCS). Zeolite NaKA was studied for its ability to selectively adsorb CO2 from flue gas, as we previously observed that zeolite NaKA, with a K+/(K+ + Na+) ratio of 17 atomic%, was highly selective towards CO2 over N-2 adsorption by tuning the size of the pore window apertures [1]. The reduced pore apertures may, however, retard the adsorption rate of CO2. Here, we studied the kinetics of CO2 adsorption on regularly sized zeolite NaKA and on nano-sized zeolite NaKA. We used in situ infrared (IR) spectroscopy and observed that CO2 physisorbed relatively rapidly. Density functional theory (DFT) was used for quantum chemical calculations, and the results indicated that CO2 molecules bridged across two or three Na+ ions in the samples with no or very small amount of K. When more K+ ions are present the CO2 molecules no longer bridged across multiple metal ions and adopted an end-on configuration. The calculation showed a shift in the stretching vibration frequency of physisorbed CO2 as observed by IR spectroscopy. Nano-sized zeolite NaKA were synthesised and studied to improve the rate of CO2 adsorption, as the diffusion rate typically increases quadratically with decreasing particle size. Still, the CO2 adsorption rate on nano-sized zeolites NaA and NaKA did not increase significantly. For nano-sized zeolite NaA, we speculate that the absence of such an increased rate is an effect from a skin layer that had formed on the nano-sized zeolite NaA, a layer that was possibly related to intergrowths with extremely small crystals on the surface. The apparently slow adsorption kinetics of CO2 on nano-sized zeolite NaKA was more difficult to explain because it could relate to imperfections within the small crystals, remaining water, or other effects. Overall, the CO2 adsorption rates on zeolite NaKA crystals of different sizes were fast and relevant for the time scales required for adsorption based CCS processes, such as vacuum and temperature swing adsorption (VSA/TSA).

  • 16.
    Cheung, Ocean
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Bacsik, Zoltán
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Krokidas, Panagiotis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Mace, Amber
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Laaksonen, Aatto
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    K+ Exchanged Zeolite ZK-4 as a Highly Selective Sorbent for CO22014In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 30, no 32, p. 9682-9690Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adsorbents with high capacity and selectivity for adsorption of CO2 are currently being investigated for applications in adsorption-driven separation of CO2 from flue gas. An adsorbent with a particularly high CO2-over-N-2 selectivity and high capacity was tested here. Zeolite ZK-4 (Si:Al similar to 1.3:1), which had the same structure as zeolite A (LTA), showed a high CO2 capacity of 4.85 mmol/g (273 K, 101 kPa) in its Na+ form. When approximately 26 at % of the extraframework cations were exchanged for K+ (NaK-ZK-4), the material still adsorbed a large amount of CO2 (4.35 mmol/g, 273 K, 101 kPa), but the N-2 uptake became negligible (<0.03 mmol/g, 273 K, 101 kPa). The majority of the CO2 was physisorbed on zeolite ZK-4 as quantified by consecutive volumetric adsorption measurements. The rate of physisorption of CO2 was fast, even for the highly selective sample. The molecular details of the sorption of CO2 were revealed as well. Computer modeling (Monte Carlo, molecular dynamics simulations, and quantum chemical calculations) allowed us to partly predict the behavior of fully K+ exchanged zeolite K-ZK-4 upon adsorption of CO2 and N-2 for Si:Al ratios up to 4:1. Zeolite K-ZK-4 with Si:Al ratios below 23:1 restricted the diffusion of CO2 and N-2 across the cages. These simulations could not probe the delicate details of the molecular sieving of CO2 over N-2. Still, this study indicates that zeolites NaK-ZK-4 and K-ZK-4 could be appealing adsorbents with high CO2 uptake (similar to 4 mmol/g, 101 kPa, 273 K) and a kinetically enhanced CO2-over-N-2 selectivity.

  • 17.
    Cheung, Ocean
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Jie, Su
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zoltán, Bacsik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jing, Li
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Samain, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Xiaodong, Zou
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Niklas, Hedin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    CO2 selective NaMg-CTS-1 and its structural formation from the titanium silicate based molecule sieve NaMg-ETS-4 upon dehydration2014In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, ISSN 1387-1811, E-ISSN 1873-3093, Vol. 198, p. 63-73Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A range of titanium silicates (ETS-4 and CTS-1) with interesting gas separation properties were studied as CO2 adsorbents. Some of these adsorbents, in particular NaMg-CTS-1, showed the ability to selectively adsorb CO2-over-N2. Partially exchanged NaM-ETS-4 (M = Mg, Ca, Sr and Ba) were synthesised in the Na+ form and ion exchanged with group 2 cations. All but NaBa-ETS-4 transformed into their CTS-1 counterparts, when these partially exchanged Na-ETS-4 were dehydrated. The transformation from ETS-4 to CTS-1 was monitored and studied extensively using diffraction and spectroscopic techniques. Powder X-ray diffraction allowed us to follow the changes of the unit cell parameters occurred at different temperatures. We combined high energy X-ray total scattering (analysed by pair distribution functions – PDF analysis), electron diffraction, infrared, Raman and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to study the transformation of ETS-4 to CTS-1. We understood that under dehydration steps, there was significant disruption to the Ti–O–Ti chain along the b-axis, which occurred concurrently with the distortion of the double 3-rings alongside of these chains. These changes were partly responsible for the contraction of the ETS-4 framework (and successive transformation to CTS-1). The new information allowed us to understand the interesting structures and sorption properties of these adsorbents

  • 18.
    Cheung, Ocean
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Liu, Qingling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Silicoaluminophosphates as CO2 sorbents2012In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, ISSN 1387-1811, E-ISSN 1873-3093, Vol. 156, p. 90-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Silicoaluminophosphates (SAPO-17, SAPO-35, SAPO-56 and SAPO-RHO) synthesised via hydrothermal means are tested for their abilities to adsorb carbon dioxide. These 8-ring microporous phosphates show high capacities to adsorb CO2. SAPO-RHO has a high uptake of CO2 and a very low uptake of N-2 due to its narrow pore window aperture at 273 K. Its significant uptake of N-2 at 77 K is rationalised by a temperature induced shrinkage effect. SAPO-56 has a slightly higher CO2 capacity (5.42 mmol/g, 273 K, 101 kPa) and is less water sensitive than zeolite 13X. Cyclic adsorption and in situ infrared spectroscopy (IR) reveal that SAPOs retain 95% of their original CO2 capacity after six cycles and that adsorption occurs via physisorption. The calculated heat of adsorption for CO2 (at 0.2-0.7 mmol/g loading) on SAPO-56 and SAPO-RHO lies in the physisorption range (similar to 35 kJ/mol). SAPOs, in particular SAPO-56 and SAPO-RHO, possess many desirable properties and are potentially good adsorbents for CO2 capture in swing adsorption processes.

  • 19.
    Cheung, Ocean
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Uppsala University, Sweden .
    Wardecki, Dariusz
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Vasiliev, Petr
    McCusker, Lynne B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). ETH Zürich, Switzerland.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Highly selective uptake of carbon dioxide on the zeolite vertical bar Na10.2KCs0.8 vertical bar-LTA - a possible sorbent for biogas upgrading2016In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 18, no 24, p. 16080-16083Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The vertical bar Na10.2KCs0.8 vertical bar(8)[Al12Si12O48](8)(Fm3c)-LTA zeolite adsorbs CO2-over-CH4 with a high selectivity (over 1500). The uptake of carbon dioxide is also high (3.31 mmol g(-1), 293 K, 101 kPa). This form of zeolite A is a very promising adsorbent for applications such as biogas upgrading, where keeping the adsorption of methane to a minimum is crucial.

  • 20.
    Cheung, Ocean
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Zoltán, Bacsik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Panagiotis, Krokidas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Niklas, Hedin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    CO2 separation properties of high silicon zeolite NaK-ZK-4 with Si:Al up to 2.8:1Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Cheung, Ocean
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Zoltán, Bacsik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Petr, Vasiliev
    Niklas, Hedin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Carbon dioxide separation from methane on highly selective ion exchanged zeolite NaKCsA – a possible sorbent for biogas upgradingManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 22. Debatin, Franziska
    et al.
    Behrens, Karsten
    Weber, Jens
    Baburin, Igor A.
    Thomas, Arne
    Schmidt, Johannes
    Senkovska, Irena
    Kaskel, Stefan
    Kelling, Alexandra
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Leoni, Stefano
    Seifert, Gotthard
    Jaeger, Christian
    Guenter, Christina
    Schilde, Uwe
    Friedrich, Alwin
    Holdt, Hans-Juergen
    An Isoreticular Family of Microporous Metal-Organic Frameworks Based on Zinc and 2-Substituted Imidazolate-4-amide-5-imidate: Syntheses, Structures and Properties2012In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 18, no 37, p. 11630-11640Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on a new series of isoreticular frameworks based on zinc and 2-substituted imidazolate-4-amide-5-imidate (IFP-14, IFP=imidazolate framework Potsdam) that form one-dimensional, microporous hexagonal channels. Varying R in the 2-substitued linker (R=Me (IFP-1), Cl (IFP-2), Br (IFP-3), Et (IFP-4)) allowed the channel diameter (4.01.7 angstrom), the polarisability and functionality of the channel walls to be tuned. Frameworks IFP-2, IFP-3 and IFP-4 are isostructural to previously reported IFP-1. The structures of IFP-2 and IFP-3 were solved by X-ray crystallographic analyses. The structure of IFP-4 was determined by a combination of PXRD and structure modelling and was confirmed by IR spectroscopy and 1H MAS and 13C CP-MAS NMR spectroscopy. All IFPs showed high thermal stability (345400?degrees C); IFP-1 and IFP-4 were stable in boiling water for 7 d. A detailed porosity analysis was performed on the basis of adsorption measurements by using various gases. The potential of the materials to undergo specific interactions with CO2 was investigated by measuring the isosteric heats of adsorption. The capacity to adsorb CH4 (at 298 K), CO2 (at 298 K) and H2 (at 77 K) at high pressure were also investigated. In situ IR spectroscopy showed that CO2 is physisorbed on IFP-14 under dry conditions and that both CO2 and H2O are physisorbed on IFP-1 under moist conditions.

  • 23.
    Debatin, Franziska
    et al.
    Universität Potsdam.
    Thomas, Arne
    Technische Universität Berlin.
    Kelling, Alexandra
    Universität Potsdam.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Senkovska, Irena
    Technische Universität Dresden.
    Kaskel, Stefan
    Technische Universität Dresden.
    Junginger, Matthias
    Universität Potsdam.
    Mueller, Holger
    Universität Potsdam.
    Schilde, Uwe
    Universität Potsdam.
    Jaeger, Christian
    Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin.
    Friedrich, Alwin
    Universität Potsdam.
    Holdt, Hans-Juergen
    Universität Potsdam.
    In Situ Synthesis of an Imidazolate-4-amide-5-imidate Ligand and Formation of a Microporous Zinc-Organic Framework with H-2-and CO2-Storage Ability2010In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 49, no 7, p. 1258-1262Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Deiana, Luca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ghisu, Lorenza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Afewerki, Samson
    Verho, Oscar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Johnston, Eric V.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Mid-Sweden University, Sweden.
    Enantioselective Heterogeneous Synergistic Catalysis for Asymmetric Cascade Transformations2014In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 356, no 11-12, p. 2485-2492Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A modular design for a novel heterogeneous synergistic catalytic system, which simultaneously activates the electrophile and nucleophile by the combined activation modes of a separate metal and non-metal catalyst, for asymmetric cascade transformations on a solid surface is disclosed. This modular catalysis strategy generates carbocycles (up to 97.5: 2.5 er) as well as spirocyclic oxindoles (97.5: 2.5 to > 99: 0.5 er), containing all-carbon quaternary centers, in a highly enantioselective fashion via a one-pot dynamic relay process.

  • 25. Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    et al.
    Zhou, Ming
    Antzutkin, Oleg N.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Holmgren, Allan
    Grahn, Mattias
    Adsorption of Butanol and Water Vapors in Silicalite-1 Films with a Low Defect Density2016In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 32, no 45, p. 11789-11798Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pure silica zeolites are potentially hydrophobic and have therefore been considered to be interesting candidates for separating alcohols, e.g., 1-butanol, from water. Zeolites are traditionally synthesized at high pH, leading to the formation of intracrystalline defects in the form of silanol defects in the framework. These silanol groups introduce polar adsorption sites into the framework, potentially reducing the adsorption selectivity toward alcohols in alcohol/water mixtures. In contrast, zeolites prepared at neutral pH using the fluoride route contain significantly fewer defects. Such crystals should show a much higher butanol/water selectivity than crystals prepared in traditional hydroxide (OH-) media. Moreover, silanol groups ate present at the external surface of the zeolite crystals; therefore, minimizing the external surface of the studied adsorbent is important. In this work, we determine adsorption isotherms of 1-butanol and water in silicalite-1 films prepared in a fluoride (F-) medium using in situ attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. This film was composed of well intergrown, plate-shaped b-oriented crystals, resulting in a low external area. Single-component adsorption isotherms of 1-butanol and water were determined in the temperature range of 35-80 degrees C. The 1-butanol isotherms were typical for an adsorbate showing a high affinity for a microporous material and a large increase in the amount adsorbed at low partial pressures of 1-butanol. The Langmuir-Freundlich model was successfully fitted to the 1-butanol isotherms, and the heat of adsorption was determined. Water showed a very low affinity for the adsorbent, and the amounts adsorbed were very similar to previous reports for large silicalite-1 crystals prepared in a fluoride medium. The sample also adsorbed much less water than did a reference silicalite-1(OH-) film containing a high density of internal defects. The results show that silicalite-1 films prepared in a F- medium with a low density of defects and external area are very promising for the selective recovery of 1-butanol from aqueous solutions.

  • 26. Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    et al.
    Zhou, Ming
    Potapova, Elisaveta
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Ohlin, Lindsay
    Holmgren, Allan
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Grahn, Mattias
    Adsorption of Water and Butanol in Silicalite-1 Film Studied with in Situ Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy2015In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 31, no 17, p. 4887-4894Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biobutanol produced by, e.g., acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation is a promising alternative to petroleum-based chemicals as, e.g., solvent and fuel. Recovery of butanol from dilute fermentation broths by hydrophobic membranes and adsorbents has been identified as a promising route. In this work, the adsorption of water and butanol vapor in a silicalite-1 film was studied using in situ attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy to better understand the adsorption properties of silicalite-1 membranes and adsorbents. Single-component adsorption isotherms were determined in the temperature range of 35-120 degrees C, and the Langmuir model was successfully fitted to the experimental data. The adsorption of butanol is very favorable compared to that of water. When the silicalite-1 film was exposed to a butanol/water vapor mixture with 15 mol % butanol (which is the vapor composition of an aqueous solution containing 2 wt % butanol, a typical concentration in an ABE fermentation broth, i.e., the composition of the gas obtained from gas stripping of an ABE broth) at 35 degrees C, the adsorption selectivity toward butanol was as high as 107. These results confirm that silicalite-1 quite selectively adsorbs hydrocarbons from vapor mixtures. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive study on the adsorption of water and butanol in silicalite-1 from vapor phase.

  • 27. Fischer, Christian E.
    et al.
    Mink, Janos
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Hajba, Laszlo
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Nemeth, Csaba
    Mihaly, Judith
    Raith, Alexander
    Cokoja, Mirza
    Kuehn, Fritz E.
    Vibrational spectroscopic study of SiO2-based nanotubes2013In: Vibrational Spectroscopy, ISSN 0924-2031, E-ISSN 1873-3697, Vol. 66, p. 104-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Novel organic-inorganic hybrid nanotubes containing silica and ethane (EtSNT), ethylene (ESNT) and acetylene (ASNT) units, as well as brominated ESNT (Br-ESNT) and glycine-modified Br-ESNT (Gly-ESNT) have been studied by IR and Raman spectroscopy. The results are compared with the spectral features for conventional silica nanotubes (SNT) and amorphous silica. Bands peculiar to organic moieties have been detected and assigned. Assignment of the silicate backbone vibrations was based on the results of normal coordinate calculations. Furthermore, characteristic silicate, so-called 'nanotube' vibrations have been identified and their band positions have been summarized to serve as a future reference for such compounds. SiOSi antisymmetric stretchings were observed in the range 1000-1110 cm(-1), while the symmetric stretchings appeared between 760 and 960 cm(-1) for EtSNT, ESNT and Br-ESNT. Force constants have been refined for models of the repeating structure units: O3SiOSi(OSi)(3) for SNT and SiCHnCHnSi(OSi)(3) for organosilica nanotubes (n = 2, EtSNT: n = 1, ESNT and n = 0, ASNT). The calculated SiO stretching force constants were increased from 4.79 to 4.88 and 5.11 N cm(-1) for EtSNT, ESNT and ASNT, respectively. The force constants have been compared with those for several silicates and SiO bond length are predicted and discussed.

  • 28.
    Gebauer, Denis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Gunawidjaja, Philips N.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Ko, J. Y. Peter
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Aziz, Baroz
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Liu, Lijia
    Hu, Yongfeng
    Bergström, Lennart
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Sham, Tsun-Kong
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Proto-Calcite and Proto-Vaterite in Amorphous Calcium Carbonates2010In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 49, no 47, p. 8889-8891Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amorphous order: Amorphous calcium carbonates (ACC) have an intrinsic structure relating to the crystalline polymorphs of calcite and vaterite. The proto-crystalline structures of calcite and vaterite (pc-ACC and pv-ACC) are analyzed by NMR (see picture), IR, and EXAFS spectroscopy, which shows that the structuring of ACC relates to the underlying pH-dependent equilibria.

  • 29.
    Hao, Wenming
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Taiyuan University of Technology, China.
    Liu, Yongsheng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Neagu, Alexandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Shen, Zhijian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Core-Shell and Hollow Particles of Carbon and SiC Prepared from Hydrochar2019In: Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 12, no 11, article id 1835Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The applications of silicon carbide (SiC) include lightweight materials with thermal shock resistance. In this study, core-shell C-SiC particles were synthesized by compacting and rapidly heating a hydrochar from glucose by using strong pulsed currents and infiltration of silicon vapor. Hollow particles of SiC formed on removing the carbon template. In contrast to related studies, we detected not only the pure 3C polytype (-SiC) but also significant amounts of the 2H or the 6H polytypes (-SiC) in the SiC.

  • 30.
    Hedin, Niklas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltán
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Perspectives on the adsorption of CO2 on amine-modified silica studied by infrared spectroscopy2019In: Current opinion in green and sustainable chemistry, ISSN 2452-2236, Vol. 16, p. 13-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amine-modified adsorbents are being researched for their potential to capture CO2 from various gas mixtures, and we review how IR spectroscopy has been used to study the associated CO2-amine chemistry. It has been used to reveal that CO2 chemisorbs as ammonium-carbamate ion pairs especially when the amine density is high. Carbamic acid and related other moieties tend to form in parallel to the ion pairs when the amine density is low. The amines have been shown to degrade on cyclic heat treatment. To further study the formation of bicarbonates on reactive adsorption of CO2 and H2O, degradation of the organics, and the use of other supports than silica are suggested.

  • 31.
    Limaye, Mukta V.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Schütz, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Dembele, Aissata
    Plea, Mama
    Andersson, Linnea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Salazar-Alvarez, German
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Bergström, Lennart
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    On the role of tannins and iron in the Bogolan or mud cloth dyeing process2012In: Textile research journal, ISSN 0040-5175, E-ISSN 1746-7748, Vol. 82, no 18, p. 1888-1896Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have investigated the chemistry of the Bogolan or mud cloth dyeing process, a traditional technique of coloring cotton cloths deeply rooted in Mali. Textiles produced by the traditional Bogolan process, using tannin-rich plant extract and iron-rich clay-based mud, were compared using infrared (IR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) with cotton fibers that were impregnated with tannin and iron salt solutions. IR spectroscopy in both reflective mode on the cloth and cotton and in transmission mode on single fibers, together with SEM, showed that gallic and tannic acid adsorb and precipitate onto the cotton fiber surface. IR spectroscopy and comparison with tannin and iron solution-impregnated cotton showed that the black color of the traditional Bogolan cloth is dominated by the formation of iron-tannin complexes. The presence of iron in the Bogolan cloth was confirmed using XANES data, supporting the notion that iron has been transferred from the iron-rich clay-based mud to the cloth. The chemistry of Bogolan cloth is not only historically and culturally significant and of importance in textile conservation, but may also inspire future research on sustainable dyeing and processing techniques based on natural products.

  • 32. Limaye, Mukta V.
    et al.
    Schütz, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Wohlert, Jakob
    Bacsik, Zoltán
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Wohlert, Malin
    Xia, Wei
    Eisenhofer, Stefan
    Pléa, Mama
    Dembelé, Cheik
    Salazar-Alvarez, German
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bergström, Lennart
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bogolanfini dyeing – a traditional nanotechnology from West AfricaManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Liu, Qingling
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Mace, Amber
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Laaksonen, Aatto
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    NaKA sorbents with high CO2-over-N2 selectivity and high capacity to adsorb CO22010In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 46, p. 4502-4504Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The uptake of carbon dioxide and nitrogen gas by zeolite NaKA was studied. A very high ideal CO2-over-N2 selectivity and a high CO2 capacity were observed at an optimal K+ content of 17 at.%. NaKA is a very promising adsorbent for CO2 separation from water-free flue gases.

  • 34.
    Neubeck, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Duc, Nguyen Thanh
    Hellevang, Helge
    Oze, Christopher
    Bastviken, David
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Holm, Nils G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Olivine alteration and H-2 production in carbonate-rich, low temperature aqueous environments2014In: Planetary and Space Science, ISSN 0032-0633, E-ISSN 1873-5088, Vol. 96, p. 51-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrous alteration of olivine is capable of producing molecular hydrogen (H-2) under a wide variety of hydrothermal conditions. Although olivine hydrolysis (i.e., serpentinization) has commonly been assessed at elevated temperatures ( > 100 degrees C), the nature of these reactions in relation to H-2 production at lower temperatures has not been systematically evaluated, especially with regard to carbonate-rich fluids. Specifically, carbonate formation may kinetically infringe on geochemical routes related to serpentinization and H-2 production at lower temperatures. Here time-dependent interactions of solid, liquid, and gaseous phases with respect to olivine hydrolysis in a carbonate-rich solution (20 mM HCO3-) at 30, 50 and 70 degrees C for 315 days is investigated experimentally. Within the first two months, amorphous Si-rich (i.e., talc-like) and carbonate phases precipitated; however, no inhibition of olivine dissolution is observed at any temperature based on surface chemistry analyses. High-resolution surface analyses confirm that precipitates grew as spheroids or vertically to form topographic highs allowing further dissolution of the free olivine surfaces and exposing potential catalysts. Despite no magnetite (Fe3O4) being detected, H-2 increased with time in experiments carried out at 70 degrees C, indicating an alternative coupled route for Fe oxidation and H-2 production. Spectrophotometry analyses show that aqueous Fe(II) is largely converted to Fe(III) potentially integrating into other phases such as serpentine and talc, thus providing a viable pathway for H-2 production. No increase in H-2 production was observed in experiments carried out at 30 and 50 degrees C supporting observations that incorporation of Fe(II) into carbonates occurred faster than the intertwined processes of olivine hydrolysis and Fe(III) oxidation. Overall, carbonate formation is confirmed to be a major influence related to H-2 production in low-temperature serpentinization systems.

  • 35.
    Ogonowski, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry. Aquabiota Water Research AB, Sweden.
    Motiei, Asa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Ininbergs, Karolina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
    Hell, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
    Gerdes, Zandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Udekwu, Klas I.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Gorokhova, Elena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Evidence for selective bacterial community structuring on microplastics2018In: Environmental Microbiology, ISSN 1462-2912, E-ISSN 1462-2920, Vol. 20, no 8, p. 2796-2808Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In aquatic ecosystems, microplastics are a relatively new anthropogenic substrate that can readily be colonized by biofilm-forming organisms. To examine the effects of substrate type on microbial community assembly, we exposed ambient Baltic bacterioplankton to plastic substrates commonly found in marine environments (polyethylene, polypropylene and polystyrene) as well as native (cellulose) and inert (glass beads) particles for 2 weeks under controlled conditions. The source microbial communities and those of the biofilms were analyzed by Illumina sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene libraries. All biofilm communities displayed lower diversity and evenness compared with the source community, suggesting substrate-driven selection. Moreover, the plastics-associated communities were distinctly different from those on the non-plastic substrates. Whereas plastics hosted greater than twofold higher abundance of Burkholderiales, the non-plastic substrates had a significantly higher proportion of Actinobacteria and Cytophagia. Variation in the community structure, but not the cell abundance, across the treatments was strongly linked to the substrate hydrophobicity. Thus, microplastics host distinct bacterial communities, at least during early successional stages.

  • 36.
    Rzepka, Przemyslaw
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Pell, Andrew
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    The Nature of Chemisorbed CO2 in Zeolite AIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Rzepka, Przemyslaw
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltán
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Smeets, Stef
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hansen, Thomas C.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Wardecki, Dariusz
    Site-Specific Adsorption of CO2 in Zeolite NaK‑A2018In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 122, no 47, p. 27005-27015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Zeolite |Na12|-A is a commercial adsorbent, and its CO2-over-N2(CH4) selectivity can be further enhanced kinetically by replacing Na+ in the 8-ring windows that control gas diffusion with large cations. In this study, samples of zeolite |Na12–xKx|-A with x = 0.0, 0.8, 2.0, and 3.0 were prepared, and the positions of adsorbed CO2 molecules were determined using in situ neutron powder diffraction through profile refinement. Adsorbed CO2 molecules were located at three different sites within the large α-cavities in the zeolite structure, revealing the interaction between the adsorbed CO2 and the host framework. The number of CO2 molecules at each site depends on CO2 pressure and follows site-specific CO2 isotherms described with a Langmuir model. Most of the CO2 molecules in zeolite |Na12–xKx|-A bridge two cations at neighboring 8-ring sites. These are relatively weakly physisorbed, and therefore, most of the working capacity of CO2 adsorption is related to this site. The CO2 molecules at the second most populated site are coordinated to a cation in the 8-ring plane. Some of them seemed to form chemical bonds with the O atoms of the framework as carbonate-like species and acted as chemisorption. The remaining minor fraction of CO2 is directly attracted by Na+ at the 6-rings. The different positioning of physisorbed CO2 and the presence of chemisorbed CO2 was confirmed by in situ infrared spectroscopy.

  • 38.
    Schütz, Christina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden .
    Sort, Jordi
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Oliynyk, Vitaliy
    Pellicer, Eva
    Fall, Andreas
    Wågberg, Lars
    Berglund, Lars
    Bergström, Lennart
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Salazar-Alvarez, German
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Hard and Transparent Films Formed by Nanocellulose-TiO2 Nanoparticle Hybrids2012In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 10, article id e45828Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of hybrids of nanofibrillated cellulose and titania nanoparticles in aqueous media has been studied. Their transparency and mechanical behavior have been assessed by spectrophotometry and nanoindentation. The results show that limiting the titania nanoparticle concentration below 16 vol% yields homogeneous hybrids with a very high Young's modulus and hardness, of up to 44 GPa and 3.4 GPa, respectively, and an optical transmittance above 80%. Electron microscopy shows that higher nanoparticle contents result in agglomeration and an inhomogeneous hybrid nanostructure with a concomitant reduction of hardness and optical transmittance. Infrared spectroscopy suggests that the nanostructure of the hybrids is controlled by electrostatic adsorption of the titania nanoparticles on the negatively charged nanocellulose surfaces.

  • 39.
    Xu, Chao
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Adsorption of CO2 on a micro-/mesoporous polyimine modified with tris(2-aminoethyl)amine2015In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 3, no 31, p. 16229-16234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amine-modified sorbents are relevant to the capturing of dilute carbon dioxide from gas mixtures, and micro-/mesoporous polymers are promising substrates due to their rich chemistry. Here, we prepared an aldehyde-rich polyimine with micro- and mesoporesby a Schiff-base condensation of 1,3,5-tris(4-aminophenyl)benzene and 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxaldehyde using an excess of aldehyde. The micropores were crucial to the physisorption of CO2, while the mesopores provided space for the post-modification with tris(2-aminoethyl) amine (tren) that induced the chemisorption of CO2. The amine modified polymer showed a high uptake of CO2 at low pressures (1.13 mmol g(-1) at 0.05 bar and 273 K) and a high estimated CO2-over-N-2 selectivity (1.04 x 10(3) at 273 K for 5 v%/95 v% CO2/N-2 mixture). CO2 both physisorbed and chemisorbed on the amine-modified polyimine, which we confirmed by studying the CO2-amine chemistry using in situ FTIR spectroscopy and solid state C-13 NMR spectroscopy. Carbamic acid formed during the chemisorption of CO2, as the CO2 reacted with the amine groups. Due to the formation of carbamic acid, the isosteric heat of adsorption was high, with values up to 80 kJ mol(-1) at a low coverage of CO2. It appears that amine-modified porous polymers could be relevant to the removal of CO2 from gas streams with low concentrations.

  • 40.
    Yu, Yang
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltán
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Contrasting In Vitro Apatite Growth from Bioactive Glass Surfaces with that of Spontaneous Precipitation2018In: Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 11, no 9, article id 1690Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Body-fluid-exposed bioactive glasses (BGs) integrate with living tissues due to the formation of a biomimetic surface layer of calcium hydroxy-carbonate apatite (HCA) with a close composition to bone mineral. Vast efforts have been spent to understand the mechanisms underlying in vitro apatite mineralization, as either formed by direct precipitation from supersaturated solutions, or from BG substrates in a simulated body fluid (SBF). Formally, these two scenarios are distinct and have hitherto been discussed as such. Herein, we contrast them and identify several shared features. We monitored the formation of amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) and its crystallization into HCA from a Na2O–CaO–SiO2–P2O5 glass exposed to SBF for variable periods out to 28 days. The HCA growth was assessed semi-quantitatively by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction, with the evolution of the relative apatite content for increasing SBF-exposure periods evaluated against trends in Ca and P concentrations in the accompanying solutions. This revealed a sigmoidal apatite growth behavior, well-known to apply to spontaneously precipitated apatite. The results are discussed in relation to the prevailing mechanism proposed for in vitro HCA formation from silicate-based BGs, where we highlight largely simultaneous growth processes of ACP and HCA.

  • 41.
    Zhao, Li
    et al.
    Max Planck Institute for Colloids and Interfaces, Golm.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Wei, Wei
    Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan.
    Sun, Yuhan
    Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan.
    Antonietti, Markus
    Max Planck Institute for Colloids and Interfaces, Golm.
    Titirici, Maria-Magdalena
    Max Planck Institute for Colloids and Interfaces, Golm.
    Carbon Dioxide Capture on Amine-Rich Carbonaceous Materials Derived from Glucose2010In: CHEMSUSCHEM, ISSN 1864-5631, Vol. 3, p. 840-845Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis of carbonaceous materials with a high surface density of amino functions for CO2 sorption and sequestration is reported. The amino-rich carbonaceous materials are characterized by elemental analysis, N2 sorption, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, zeta potential, TGA and FTIR measurements. A detailed discussion on the use of these materials in CO2 capture is provided. The materials show significant sorption capabilities for CO2 (4.3 mmol g−1at −20 °C and 1 bar). Furthermore, they show a high apparent selectivity for CO2 over N2 at both low and high temperatures.

1 - 41 of 41
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