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  • 1.
    Hübben, Kelly
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    A Genre of Animal Hanky Panky?: Animal representations, anthropomorphism and interspecies relations in The Little Golden Books.2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the visual and verbal representations of animals in a selection of commercial picture books for a young readership of preschool children. The picture books selected are part of the Little Golden Book series. The first twelve books in this series were published in the United States in 1942 and are still in print today, while new books are continually being published. Because these popular picture books have had a broad readership from their inception and the books in the series have a uniform aesthetics, a comparative analysis provides insight into mainstream human-animal relationships. 

    Children’s literature is never innocent, and fraught with power imbalances. Animals become political beings, not only in the sense that they convey a didactic message, but in the sense that each animal representation carries a host of ideas and assumptions about human-animal relations with it. Using a theoretical framework that is grounded in Human Animal Studies (HAS), and more specifically literary animal studies, this dissertation analyzes the representation of human-animal interactions and relationships in different contexts. 

    Before the advent of HAS, anthropocentric, humanist interpretations of animal presence in children’s literature used to be prevalent. Commercial picture books in particular could benefit from readings that investigate animal presence without immediately resorting to humanist interpretations. One way of doing that is to start by questioning how interspecies difference and hierarchy is constructed in these books, verbally, visually and in the interaction between words and images. Based on this, we can speculate about the consequences this may have for the reader’s conceptualization of human-animal relationships. In children’s literature speciesism and ageism often intersect, for example when young children are compared with (young) animals or when animals are presented as stand-ins for young children. This dissertation explores the mechanisms behind the representation of species difference in commercial picture books. 

    The aim of this study is to analyze how commercial picture books like the Little Golden Books harbor a potential to shape young readers’ ideas about humanity and animality, species difference and hierarchy and the possibilities of interspecies interactions. The socializing function that is an important component of all children’s books makes that these picture books can shape readers’ attitudes from an early age. When reading children’s books featuring animals, the particular way these animals are represented guides the reader towards an ideology – and in the West, this ideology is predominantly anthropocentric. In Western cultures, children and animals are commonly thought of as natural allies, and as such they are often depicted as opposed to adult culture. 

    This dissertation identifies the ways in which certain conservative tendencies are activated by these commercial picture books, but also emphasizes that they can be a subversive space where anthropocentrism can be challenged. The case studies developed in this dissertation demonstrate how even so-called ’unsophisticated’ picture books contain interesting strains of animal related ideology worthy of in-depth analysis. The visual and verbal dimensions of these picture books show that these stories are embedded in a cultural context that helps give meaning to the animals. A recurring concern is the function of anthropomorphism and the role it plays in how we value the animals in these books. I am particularly interested in how picture books depict various degrees of anthropomorphism, because it has the potential to challenge species boundaries and disrupt the human-animal dichotomy.

  • 2.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    A Painter´s Reflection: The Self-Representational Art of Tove Jansson2007In: Tove Jansson Rediscovered / [ed] Kate MacLoughlin & Malin Lidström Brock, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing , 2007, p. 5-14Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Andersen som Orfeus2005In: H C Andersens underbara resor i Sverige, Makadam förlag; Lunds universitet, Centrum för Danmarksstudier , 2005, p. 12-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Animala självbiografier och deras författare2015In: Jag är den jag är: från bekännelser till bloggar / [ed] Boel Hackman, Maria Wahlström, Lund: Ellerströms förlag, 2015, 1 uppl.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Intresset för självframställning är stort i vår samtid. Jaget iscensätts i bekännelselitteratur, biografier och bloggar, på Facebook och på Twitter och medialiseras i allt större utsträckning. Jag är den jag är - Från bekännelser till bloggar samlar tolv artiklar som ur skilda perspektiv diskuterar centrala frågor för den litterära självframställningen, så som jaget som konstruktion, balansen mellan fakta och fiktion, minnet och tidens gång. Här presenteras aktuell forskning med utgångspunkt i en rad spännande författarskap och iscensättningar av jaget i olika medier under skilda epoker.

  • 5.
    Warnqvist, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Anne på Grönkulla – "en af de nöjsammaste bekantskaper man kan göra": Utgivning och mottagande av L. M. Montgomerys verk i Sverige2011In: I litteraturens underland: festskrift till Boel Westin / [ed] Maria Andersson, Elina Druker, Kristin Hallberg, Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2011, p. 210-227Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikel om utgivningen och mottagandet av L. M. Montgomerys verk i Sverige, framför allt förstautgåvan av romanen Anne på Grönkulla (1909).

  • 6.
    Rosenberg, Tiina
    Lunds universitet.
    Arbete och kärlek2007In: lambda nordica, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 2007, no 4, p. 46-49Article, book review (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Review of Carina Burman's K.J.: En biografi över Klara Johanson (Albert Bonniers förlag, 2007) and Boel Westin's Tove Jansson: ord, bild och liv (Albert Bonniers förlag, 2007).

  • 7.
    Andersson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Att bli människa: Barn, sedlighet och kön i Amanda Kerfstedts, Helena Nybloms och Mathilda Mallings författarskap 1880-19102010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this doctoral thesis is to analyze discourses of children, morality and gender in prose works for children and adults written between 1880 and 1910. Ten texts by Amanda Kerfstedt, Helena Nyblom and Mathilda Malling are studied. The main questions are: To what extent did writing for children or adults create different possibilities and restraints for the authors? Were ideas of morality and sexuality articulated differently in relation to children, women and men? What gender ideals were formulated through depictions of children’s upbringing?

    By foregrounding the role of children and children’s literature, a new perspective on the period is put forward. The analyses explore how changing ideas about family, femininity and virtue affected the way women wrote and how the literary establishment received their works. Some other important topics are the debate on children’s sex education in the 1880’s, the function of childhood in discourses of gender and sexuality, and the role of confession in 19th century society and literature.

    Conceptions of children, gender and morality are continuously redefined in Kerfstedt’s, Nyblom’s and Malling’s texts for children and adults. Varying ideals, ideas and practices are compared in the texts, which creates a space for change and negotiation. In contrast to previous research, this thesis shows that Swedish children’s and adult literature around the turn of the 20th century shared many themes and ideas. Although different aspects of the questions are put in focus, books for both audiences explore how a true man, woman or child should be, what defined a moral life and, ultimately, what it meant to be human.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Att finna sin plats: Kvinnlighet och samkönat begär i Helena Nybloms ’Sju flickor’2011In: I litteraturens underland: Festskrift till Boel Westin, Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2011, p. 132-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Engfelt, Olga
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Barndomen som en metafor: En studie av Agnes von Krusenstjernas Tony växer upp och Inger Edelfeldts Breven till Nattens Drottning i psykoanalytisk belysning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I fokus för denna uppsats står barndomens metaforik i två litterära verk, nämligen Agnes von Krusenstjernas Tony växer upp (1922) och Inger Edelfeldts Breven till Nattens Drottning (1985). Syftet men uppsatsen är att undersöka hur uppfattningen om barndomen konstrueras och förändras i litterära verk från skilda tider. Metoden bygger på att den jämförande analysen lyfter fram likheter och skillnader i gestaltningen av Krusenstjernas respektive Edelfeldts huvudpersoners själsliv och deras mognadsprocess – ett begrepp som hänger ihop med barndomens skiftande betydelse. Genom att relatera romanerna till 1900-talets psykoanalytiska teorier av Jung, Freud, Fromm och Berne visar textanalysen att Tony från Krusenstjernas berättelse och Edelfeldts romanfigur George Daniel går igenom likadana utvecklingsfaser innan de upplever en slags försoning med livet och övervinner det inre främlingskapet: mötet med Skuggan (personlighetens mörka sida), fascination av döden som smälter samman med kärlek till mänskligheten, det religiösa tvivlet, kroppsliga plågor och saknad efter ömhet. Barndomen skildras som en dramatisk process vars syfte är att uppnå den nya livsfasen då människan känner sig mer mogen och säker. Ur texterna framträder dock en annan uppfattning av barndomen som ett psykiskt ursprungligt jagtillstånd som alltid finns kvar i människans psyke i form av det kärleksfulla och lekfulla barnet. Hos Krusenstjerna konstrueras den unga Tonys intuitiva världsbild. Huvudpersonens barndom gestaltas som en såväl psykisk som fysiologisk process som även präglar den blivande vuxnes varseblivning. Barndomens metaforiska betydelse innebär det verkliga konkreta barnets förlorade oskuld, det lyckliga omedvetna och spontana tillståndet som visar sig i Tonys fantasier och kärleksdramer. Edelfeldts sätt att skildra tonåringens mognadsprocess är däremot analytiskt. I Georges psyke är det levande inre barnet förträngt till förmån för en intellektuell medvetenhet och rationella lekar vilket resulterar i en bild av någon universell schematisk karaktär som saknar åldersgräns och det verkliga ansiktet. I Edelfeldts roman blir barndomen en slags litterär modell av de psykologiska processer som pågår i den moderna människans själsliv. Barndomens metaforik tar sig uttryck i det förlorade arketypiska barnets förbrukade symbol som i olika former förekommer i Georges drömmar och fantasier.

    Uppsatsen tangerar också skillnaden inom det narrativa perspektivet i berättelserna. Den tragiska intonation som ligger i Krusenstjernas roman förvandlas till ett intertextuellt spel i Edelfeldts roman. Krusenstjernas verk saknar den ironiska intonation som genomsyrar Edelfeldts skildring. Tony anses som författarinnans alter ego, bäraren av Krusenstjernas verkliga rädslor och komplex. George D. Bratt i Edelfeldts roman blir däremot upphovsmannens marionett; hans dagbok kan uppfattas som skärningspunkt för psykoanalytiska, filosofiska och bibliska diskurser.

     

     

     

  • 10.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Barndomens klassiker2004Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Special feature issue on children’s literature with original contributions by Boel Westin, Maria Nikolajeva, Anna Rask, Barbara Knochenhauer, Lars Wolf, Elina Druker, Helena Magnusson, Gunnel Frid, Eva Söderberg, Conny Svensson and Sonja Svensson.

  • 11.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Barnlitteraturen, (litteratur)vetenskapen och forskningen2005In: Barnboken, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Barnlitteraturforskningens arkeologi2011In: Barnboken, ISSN 0347-772X, E-ISSN 2000-4389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Criticism of children’s literature is not, although it to often may seem so, a phenomenon of the later half of the 20th century. The contradiction between didactics and aesthetics, for many established as an axiom in modern children’s literature research, has been contra productive when it comes to differences between older and modern literature. While older has become representative for the didactic, the simple and the single-minded, modern has become representative for the aesthetic, the complex and the multifold (the ambiguous).

    On basis of an extensive material of texts, theories and pictures (comparisons with pictorial art are taken in) the article analyses from a constructional perspective long lived assumptions and paradigms and argues for a new methodology – the archaeology of children’s literature research - that includes both the research itself and the researcher. Examples from recent research (Penny Brown, Beverly Lyon Clark, Marah Gubar) clearly show that contextualising literature within history, criticism and debate may result in new and corrective approaches. Motifs, passions and goals of the researcher are all part of the research. Self-reflection is the central keyword.

     

  • 13.
    Annell, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Begärets politiska potential: Feministiska motståndsstrategier i Elin Wägners Pennskaftet, Gabriele Reuters Aus guter Familie, Hilma Angered-Strandbergs Lydia Vik och Grete Meisel-Hess Die Intellektuellen2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the way that feminist resistance is expressed in two Swedish and two German so-called New Woman novels from the turn of the twentieth century: Elin Wägner’s Pennskaftet (1910, Penwoman), Gabriele Reuter’s Aus guter Familie (1895, From a Good Family), Hilma Angered-Strandberg’s Lydia Vik (1904), and Grete Meisel-Hess’s Die Intellektuellen (1911).

    The theoretical apparatus is comprised by the work of Michel Foucault, Judith Butler, Jacques Lacan, and Jessica Benjamin. By introducing a psychoanalytic and feminist perspective, this dissertation seeks to develop the possibilities for agency and resistance within the framework of Foucault’s theories. It investigates four textual and contextually grounded strategies of resistance that are prominent in these novels: individuality, openness, desire, and eugenics.

    This study demonstrates how Gabriele Reuter, Grete Meisel-Hess, and  Hilma Angered-Strandberg, inspired by the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche and Ellen Key, depict feminine individuality in relation to a scientific and philosophical discourse that specifically denied women individuality. The authors anchor individuality in a corporality that was similarly denied to women by a bourgeois and dogmatic Christian discourse.

    Openness and wit function as resistance strategies in Elin Wägner’s Pennskaftet. Humorous rejoinders and narrative comments can disarm a conservative. An open attitude towards the emancipation project could also help to resolve the conflicts between different feminist positions and between different women.

    Desire functions as an important resistance strategy in each of the novels examined. It is variously represented as a vital instinct, a desire for knowledge, and a sexual desire, as in Gabriele Reuter’s Aus guter Familie – or as a desire for suffrage, as in Pennskaftet, or for maternity legislation, as in Grete Meisel-Hess’s Die Intellektuellen. By formulating a notion of feminine desire, turn-of-the-century feminists were able both to seize control of sexuality from the church and to wrest morality from the grasp of the bourgeoisie. These resistance strategies could also have a biopolitical character: in Grete Meisel-Hess’s Die Intellektuellen, woman is placed at the service of humanity on eugenicist grounds, and her good qualities are seen as capable of promoting humanity’s progress.

    This dissertation shows that in these novels desire at the individual level serves to reinforce feminine subjectivity. Love is seen as associated with an intensified sense of life and as a precondition of creativity. At the social level, desire also functions as the basis for a feeling of solidarity among women that instils in them courage and an urge to persevere in the suffrage struggle, this latter a highly protracted process. In this way desire acquires political potential.

    A framing chapter on context provides the intellectual and philosophical backgrounds of the various strategies of resistance. It is followed by four analytical chapters, each of which addresses one novel.

  • 14.
    Magnusson, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Berättande bilder: Svenska tecknade serier för barn2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the history of Swedish children's comics and their narrative characteristics. The history is presented as five chronological periods from ca. 1890 to the present day (2005). The contents of the comics are compared to contemporary Swedish children's literature and are discussed in terms of recurring motifs and genres. Apart from a general characterization of the period, each chapter also includes a close reading of a representative comic: Ottilia Adelborg's page-long comics in Christmas magazines around 1900; Eva Billow's episodic "Kajsa och Snurran" published in a weekly magazine and a children's magazine 1925-1961; Åke Holmberg's and Sven Hemmel's "Ture Sventon" from 1968-76, based on children's book by the same creators; Rune Andréasson's comic magazine Bamse (1973-) and Mats Källblad's "Vimmelgrind" (three stories published 1999-2001).

    In this study, comics are defined as a juxtaposed sequence of fixed narrative images, with related text and images in direct contact. The main components of the comis medium are text, image and space, and their intermediate relations. In the narratological analysis, the focus of interest is the role of the narrating (the narraton, the perspective and the relation to the reader), the relation between text and image, and the layout and its function in the narrative. The thesis shows how Swedish children's comics have a strong affinity with children's literature. Another recurrent tendency is to treat the medium in a theatrical way. It is often combined with a self-conscious, meta-fictive attitude. Most children's comics are very dependent on text, partly because of existing conventions, partly as a guarantee of the reader's narrative understanding. It is primarily during the first and the last decades of the studied period that the children's comics show any real faith in the audience's image-readin abilities. The comics generally aim for visual and narrative clarity and ambiguity, and considering the child reader's narrative experience, stories told in pictures and words - comics - have a great potential. In many of the Swedish comics for children you will also find the spatial and graphic awareness that can be seen as the essence of the comics medium.

  • 15.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Beskows biotoper2008In: Vänbok till Sonja Svensson, Opal , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Bitvis hjärtskärande läsning om Astrid Lindgren: Jens Andersen, Denna dagen, ett liv2015In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Rossholm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Bland muminuskler och transversaler2011In: I litteraturens underland: festskrift till Boel Westin / [ed] M. Andersson, E. Druker, K. Hallberg, Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2011, p. 433-441Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18. Jansson, Tove
    Svensson, Helen (Editor, Commentator for written text)
    Brev från Tove Jansson2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Children´s literature in Sweden1996 (ed. Second, revised edition)Book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Dagdrømmens teori.: Om reverie i barnlitteratur2006In: På opdagelse i børnelitteraturen., 2006Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Boel, Westin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Dagdrømmens teori.: Om reverie i barnlitteratur2006In: På opdagelse i børnelitteraturen.: Festskrift till Torben Weinreich, Köpenhamn , 2006, p. 72-80Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Paulin, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Den didaktiska fiktionen: Konstruktion av förebilder ur ett barn- och ungdomslitterärt perspektiv 1400–17502012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the construction of role models, more specifically literary didactics and constructions of subject positions, in literary works with exemplary stories in Swedish 1400–1750, from the perspective of literature for children and young adults.

    Childhood concepts, didactic concepts and subject positions presented to the reader are analyzed from the point of view of dominance and dissonance between different characters and messages. A number of themes have been chosen for a comparative study, for example: ideas about identification, the construction of subject positions and ideals for girls, the responsibility of adults, subversive tendencies, obedience or autonomy, the immoral role model as exemplary, conflicts between different childhood concepts, adults and children as role models.

    A central conclusion is that there is variation when it comes to the subject positions that are constructed for children and young adults, mainly through role models. There are examples of authoritative teachings that demands the subordination and obedience of the reader/recipient, as well as encouragement of questioning and even contra conventional subject positions. One conclusion is that premodern literature for the young does not just have an authoritative tone towards the reader, but the texts also negotiates with the reader. The messages are not just about obedience and religious fidelity, but also about learning, questioning and personal, moral responsibility. A critical perspective on adults is encouraged through critizism of adults and exemplary role models. Subject positions for girls also vary in the texts. Some texts convey conventional, passive gender roles while others present active subject positions, where chastity, wisdom and manliness are presented as ideal virtues for girls.

  • 23.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Den läsande hermelinen: Tessin och "Le bureau typpographique"2011In: Vandring genom tiden: till Anders Cullhed 18/3 2011 / [ed] Boel Westin, Anders Olsson, Thomas Götselius, Stehag: Brutus Östlings bokförlag Symposion , 2011, p. 275-281Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Paulin, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Den samhällsfarliga barnboken: Ett litteraturhistoriskt exempel från 1700-talets Sverige2011In: I litteraturens underland: Festskrift till Boel Westin / [ed] Maria Andersson, Elina Druker, Kristin Hallberg, Halmstad: Makadam Förlag, 2011, p. 28-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    1745 förbjöd Stockholms Stads Konsistorium tryckningen av en barnbok, som trots förbudet trycktes följande år med titeln Andelig Exempel-Bok För BARN /.../ Två av bokens delar var en översättning via en tysk version av A Token for Children (1671-72), en anglosaxisk barnboksklassiker av puritanen James Janeway. Bokens två sista delar består av pietistiska texter. Artikelförfattaren analyserar bokens litteraturhistoriska kontext som ars moriendi (litteratur om konsten att dö) för barn och ungdomar samt dess samhällskritiska inslag.

  • 25.
    Jungstrand, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Det litterära med reportaget: Om litteraritet som journalistisk strategi och etik2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis explores the literarity of reportage, with a focus on the 20th century and modern reportage. The aim is to describe the literary strategies used in modern text-based reportage and how these strategies relate to journalistic standards of credibility and ethics. A primary focus is the question of what the reportage is looking for in the literary, what happens to this literarity when it is used for journalistic purposes, and, in turn, how the literary establishes ethics in the text.

           By suggesting that a piece of reportage is a journalistic text that simultaneously tells the story about the reporter’s encounter with the event, this dissertation sheds light on possible approaches to the concept of literarity: Subjectivity, narrativity, meta-narrative aspects, the poetic function of language and the performative movements in the text. The ethics of reportage is also to be derived from the encounter, and this thesis implements a concept of ethics in conversations with Emmanuel Levinas and dialogical philosophy. It provides an opportunity to separate ethics from moral, ideological and political dimensions of responsibility in the encounter. This aspect of ethics, where literarity and counter-movement operate beyond the direct intention, is what is needed to understand the reportage genre.

         The dissertation also includes six longer reportage analyses embodying its results: Djuna Barnes’s, Vagaries Malicieux, Ryszard Kapuściński’s Another Day of Life, Truman Capote’s In Cold Blood, Hanna Krall’s A Tale for Hollywood, Sven Lindqvist’s Kina nu: Vad skulle Mao ha sagt? and Joan Didion’s, Slouching towards Bethlehem.

  • 26.
    Jörngården, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Det märkvärdiga ögonblicket: Ola Hanssons novell "Arkimedes' punkt"2009In: Ordens negativ: Till Anders Olsson / [ed] Cullhed, Anders, Stockholm/Stehag: Symposion , 2009, p. 159-181Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Djuriskt skrivande2009In: Ordens negativ: till Anders Olsson / [ed] Anders Cullhed et al, Stockholm/Stehag: Brutus Östlings bokförlag Symposion , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Mattsson, Per-Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Drakdödarens stridsskrift: Eyvind Johnson, Rudolf Värnlund och den nederländska romanen Max Havelaar2011In: I litteraturens underland: Festskrift till Boel Westin / [ed] Maria Andersson, Elina Druker, Kristin Hallberg, Göteborg/Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2011, p. 230-244Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Efterord. Tove Jansson Bildhuggarens dotter2009Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    "Ej verklighet men mer än verklighet": Drömtexter i barnlitteraturen2008In: Barnlitteraturanalyser, Studentlitteratur , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    En bortkommen diktsamling och andra mumindikter2010In: Lyrikvännen, ISSN 0460-0762, no 4-5, p. 33-42Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Ferm, Olle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    "En väldig skämtan om alla abbotar": Ett oförargligt skämt eller en skarp satir?2011In: Vandring genom tiden: Till Anders Cullhed 18/3 2011 / [ed] Thomas Götselius, Anders Olsson & Boel Westin, Stehag: Brutus Östlings Bokförlag Symposion , 2011, 1, p. 47-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Zillén, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Enligt naturens lagar: En genrekommentar till August Strindbergs "Fabler"2011In: I litteraturens underland: Festskrift till Boel Westin / [ed] Maria Andersson, Elina Drucker, Kristin Hallberg, Göteborg & Stockholm: Makadam , 2011, p. 324-338Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Carlstedt, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Essayer 2.0: Nytt ljus över Montaigne: intervju med Jan Stolpe om arbetet med hans nya översättning av Montaignes Essayer2011In: Vandring genom tiden: till Anders Cullhed 18/3 2011 / [ed] Thomas Götselius, Anders Olsson & Boel Westin (red.), Stehag: Symposion Brutus Östlings bokförlag, 2011, p. 37-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Eva Wahlström, Fria flickor före Pippi. Ester Blenda Nordström och Karin Michaëlis: Astrid Lindgrens föregångare (Skrifter utgivna av Svenska barnboksinstitutet, 114). Makadam. Göteborg/Stockholm 20112012In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 133, p. 350-356Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Cullhed, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    ”Faeton, Ikaros och jag” Gaspara Stampa: Rime 82011In: I litteraturens underland: Festskrift till Boel Westin / [ed] Maria Andersson, Elina Druker & Kristin Hallberg, Stockholm/Göteborg: Makadam , 2011, p. 99-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Jakobsson, Hilda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Flickstaden: Flickbokens diskurs och sadomasochism i Agnes von Krusenstjernas Ninas dagbok, Helenas första kärlek och Fröknarna von Pahlen2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The object of this essay is the Swedish author Agnes von Krusenstjerna's novels Ninas dagbok (The diary of Nina) and Helenas första kärlek (Helena's first love) as well as the cycle novel Fröknarna von Pahlen (The misses von Pahlen). The purpose is to explore her use of the discourse of girls' fiction, which I analyse by the depiciton of women's sexual awakening, and her depiction of sadomasochism. The theories of Elaine Showalter, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault and Judith Butler are used.

    Women's sexual awakening is depicted similarly in the novels but more explicitly in Fröknarna von Pahlen. In Ninas dagbok and Helenas första kärlek there is an eroticization of dominance and submission, which is not explicitly sadomasochistic. In Fröknarna von Pahlen, sadomasochism is explicitly described as a "perverted" sexuality and reveals the inequality in the violent sexuality, which is described as "normal". The sexuality that is included in Fröknarna von Pahlen's ending utopia is a female same-sex sexuality, which is a further development of the intimate friendships that are often depicted through the discourse of girls' fiction.

    Accordingly, Fröknarna von Pahlen and its ending utopia can be interpreted as a "city of girls", that is a further developement of subjects such as female same-sex sexuality and sadomasochism that can only be implied within the discourse of girls' fiction.

  • 38.
    Gedin, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Fältets herrar: Framväxten av en modern författarroll2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation describes a crucial step in the development of a modern writer's identity in Sweden. It applies the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu’s theories of the autonomous ”literary field” to the development in eighteen-eighties, one of the most important periods in Swedish literary history.

    During this decade a large group of authors appeared, with August Strindberg in the front. In accordance with the dominating esthetical view of the nineteenth century, ”ideal realism”, the writers had an ethical responsibility. But they differed from their predecessors by not being loyal to the bourgeois society and its values, as codified in the concept of ”decency”, that contained, among other things, rules for what could be said in public. On the contrary, the new generation of authors attacked the bourgeoisie in novels, dramas and articles, especially in the singularly most controversial area, the regulation of sexuality and the ideals of bourgeois women.

    This study argues that the new authors in their radical criticism aimed at the position of power in society traditionally upheld by the State church, which supervised education and ethical values. They did this by creating a role for themselves as young and oppressed, something that made it possible to deny any responsibility for the present state and furthermore to speak up, despite their own bourgeois background, for other oppressed groups like the working classes, the poor and women. But this also meant that they could not be successful in their ambitions to gain influence without loosing their identity. This was especially the consequence of the fact that an autonomous ”literary field” did not yet exist. That is, there were no internal literary institutions that, seemingly independent of the rest of society, decided what was ”good literature.” Instead, the singularly most important judge of interesting literature was the bourgeois public. Strindberg seems to have realised this early, and achieved an identity as ”uncontrolled”. He thereby lost his intellectual credibility, but gained a much bigger freedom to write and also got the attention of the large audience. At the same time, his writing undermined the values of decency by breaking the bourgeois society’s fundamental wall between the private and the public sphere, not least by writing what was regarded as facts about his own private life.

    The conservative reaction accelerated towards the end of the decade while the authors grew more and more bitter about the public’s lack of understanding. At this point the author Verner von Heidenstam took the opportunity to declare a new literary era, dissociating his aesthetics from the one of the Eighties and proclaiming the necessity of an aristocratic, ethically indifferent literature (with himself as its leader).

    Confronted with the new concept of what ought to be regarded as “modern”, the established male authors were generally quick to separate themselves from the female authors, and to identify the attacked literature solely with the one that critically discussed the situation of women in society - a description that has been largely adopted in the history of literature. A number of male authors also wrote novels separating themselves from the Eighties. Thus, they could continue into the new period, while female authors in general were silenced or forced to write in less esteemed genres (”popular literature”, children’s books).

    Ultimately the result was a more distinct male domination coupled with a growing contempt for the large audience. This, in turn, created a need for internal institutions that could interpret, value and support literature - scholarships, elitist critics, and a writers’ union. These institutions subsequently were founded or developed during the nineties – all of them steps towards autonomy.

  • 39.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Förord. Sommarboken av Tove Jansson2008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Förord: Vandring genom tiden2011In: Vandring genom tiden: till Anders Cullhed 18/3 2011 / [ed] Thomas Götselius, Anders Olsson, Boel Westin, Stehag: Brutus Östlings bokförlag Symposion , 2011, p. 15-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Wistisen, Lydia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. 840925-0282.
    Gångtunneln: Urbana erfarenheter i svensk ungdomslitteratur 1890–20102017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis shows that the urban experience is a fundamental part of the development of the Swedish young adult novel by analysing city representations in Swedish young adult literature from 1890 to 2010. By suggestion that there is a strong bond between the notion of the urban and that of adolescence this study examines continuity and change in representations of coming-of-age, focusing especially on intersections between age, gender, class, ethnicity and sexuality.

    During the 20th century Stockholm has become the most common setting in Swedish literature for young adults. Young adult literature has been involved in a constant dialogue both with society’s view on adolescents, and with the city of Stockholm. A central line of argument is that the subject position of the protagonist determines the depiction of the relationship between youth and urban space. Depictions of identity development, emancipation and maturity processes are located to passages between family home and adult life, to peripheral spaces beyond the control of the adult world, as well as to public places of display.

    The methodology is inspired by spatial studies and is founded on the idea that the city of Stockholm is a product of a constant process of human practices, perceptions and conceptions. Movement trough space generate meaning of what the city is on a real, as well as on a textual, level. Young adult literature can change the way adolescents view the world around them, making possible new ways of understanding what is actually there and catalysing new ideas about what might be.

    The material consists of up to 30 works set in Stockholm from 1890 to 2010. The selection contains both girls’ and boys’ books, as well as books for young adults. The positioning of teenage characters and of stories of emancipation, growth, and clashes between generations has gone through several changes during the studied period. The analysis therefore point out six greater themes, which focus on different urban time-bound experiences, motifs, and places: early 20th century literary urban aesthetics, 1950’s consumer and car culture, 1960’s and 1970’s suburban youth, homelessness motifs and, finally, new motifs from the turn of the millennium.

  • 42.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Görans bok2010In: Otryckt och omtryckt: Pippis intentioner, Strindbergs perspektiv, Becketts kombinationer och Hans nådes tider : till Göran Rossholm 2/5 2010 / [ed] Boel Westin, Anders Cullhed, Christer Johansson, Stehag: Brutus Östlings bokförlag Symposion , 2010, p. 13-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Håkan Möller, Pär Lagerkvist. Från författarsaga till Nobelpris2011In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 2010, p. 485-487Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    I lejonets tecken: Atmosfärisk skrift i Tove Janssons verk2015In: Kalejdoskopiska läsningar: Vänbok till Janina Orlov / [ed] Maria Andersson, Elina Druker, Maria Lassén-Seger & Mia Österlund, Åbo: Juvenes Print , 2015, p. 81-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Druker, ElinaStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.Hallberg, KristinStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    I litteraturens underland: festskrift till Boel Westin2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Jakobsson, Hilda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Jag var kvinna: Flickor, kärlek och sexualitet i Agnes von Krusenstjernas tidiga romaner2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish author Agnes von Krusenstjerna is known for her depictions of girls becoming women, a motif that she returns to again and again throughout her works. Previous academic literature on Krusenstjerna highlights that she writes about girls, maturation, and eroticism, but does not explore what ‘becoming a woman’ means. While the terms ‘girl’ and ‘woman’ are commonly regarded as signifiers of age and sex only, they are in fact laden with a number of assumptions, which I explore in Krusenstjerna’s novels. 

    This thesis analyses the depictions of girls coming of age through their encounter with love and sexuality in Krusenstjerna’s early novels Ninas dagbok (The Diary of Nina, 1917), Helenas första kärlek (Helena’s First Love, 1918), and the Tony trilogy Tony växer upp (Tony Grows Up, 1922), Tonys läroår (Tony’s Apprenticeship, 1924), and Tonys sista läroår (Tony’s Last Apprenticeship, 1926). I explore how the idea of girls becoming women relates to love and sexuality, and I pose the following questions: How is the term ‘girl’ constructed in Krusenstjerna’s early novels? How does a girl become a woman and what implications does womanhood have? Which characters and phenomena in the girl’s surroundings constitute the conditions for her becoming a woman, and which ones risk delaying or even preventing this transition? Furthermore, I seek to connect the depiction of girls, love, and sexuality with Krusenstjerna’s contemporary literary critics’ view of her early novels as girls’ books, i.e. novels for young women, or associated with that literary tradition, even though they were not published as such. 

    I use a combination of feminist and queer theory focussing on temporality. Throughout the thesis, I connect Krusenstjerna’s writings to those of other authors. The following novels are connected to the tradition of books for girls and are used as the starting point for my hermeneutical readings of Krusenstjerna’s works: The Girls at His Billet (1916) by Berta Ruck, Little Lord Fauntleroy (1886) by Frances Hodgson Burnett, Daddy-Long-Legs (1912) and Dear Enemy (1915) by Jean Webster, as well as Anne of Green Gables (1908), The Blue Castle (1926), and Emily’s Quest (1927) by L. M. Montgomery. Examining these novels, I focus on the motif of girls becoming women as well as a selection of other related topics. 

    The thesis addresses two different ways of coming of age depicted in Krusenstjerna’s early novels. The protagonists of the first two novels, Nina and Helena, are portrayed as ‘girls’ who become ‘women’ through their encounter with men and their choice in love, whereas the protagonist of the Tony trilogy is described as a ‘girl’ who only temporarily becomes a ‘woman’ but then turns into a ‘girl’ again. Accordingly, the act of becoming a woman in Krusenstjerna’s first two novels, which is typical for the girls’ book tradition, follows normative expectations of the life trajectory, whereas the queer act of becoming – or rather un-becoming – a woman in the later Tony trilogy does not adhere to the same assumptions. I argue that the fact that the second part of the Tony trilogy has the same plot as Ninas dagbok, and the third instalment the same story as Helenas första kärlek, amplifies the impression that the Tony trilogy queers the normative life trajectory that is found in those two novels and is typical for the girls’ book tradition. Thus, as this thesis proposes, the girls’ book as seen in Krusenstjerna’s work, is queered.

  • 47.
    Olsson, Ulf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Kan du höra vad jag inte säger: Lars Noréns bearbetning av Henrk Ibsens Lille Eyolf2011In: I litteraturens underland: Festskrift till Boel Westin / [ed] Maria Andersson, Elina Druker & Kristin Hallberg, Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2011, p. 41-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Westin, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Kaniner på drift: Kultur och kvalitet i barnlitteratur2014In: Mycket väl godkänd: Vad är kvalitet i barnkulturen? / [ed] Karin Helander, Stockholm: Centrum för barnkulturforskning , 2014, p. 74-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Boel, Westin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Karlsson som technobody2003In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Westin, Boel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Svensson, Helen
    Kirjeitä Tove Janssonilta2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
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