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  • 1.
    González-Fernández, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Feeling Across Distance: Transnational Migration, Emotions, and Family Life Between Bolivia and Spain2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the relational dynamics of family life as it is lived across vast distances and over time? What underpins these relations, practices, and experiences of being apart and yet together? Based on a long-term multi-sited fieldwork carried out in Spain and Bolivia from 2013 to 2015, this study sets out to address these questions by investigating caring practices, mediated connections, (non)material exchanges, and lived experiences of “doing” and “feeling” family across borders. It conveys the story of ten families divided between Madrid and the Bolivian urban areas of Cochabamba, Sucre, and Santa Cruz de la Sierra. Taking as a point of departure the encounters with middle-aged women who migrated to Spain in the early 2000s, the thesis moves back and forth between “here” and “there” to provide a polyphonic account of family relationships as they are sustained, enacted, and experienced by both those who leave and those who stay. It does so by exploring the transnational provision of care, the routines of keeping in touch, the exchange of remittances and material goods, as well as the interplay of these practices with the management of emotions and the circulation of affects. The term “affective maps” is employed here as a concept to capture the myriad of relatives taking part in these connections, in that it points out how these are strongly interdependent relationships through which people have the capacity to affect and to be affected by one another across distance. More specifically, this study demonstrates how the various ways of dealing with transnational family life are constantly shaped by migration regimes, restrictive policies, and global inequalities, on the one hand, and by power social relations, gender and generational roles, and life-course stages, on the other. To illuminate the dynamics at play, the notion of “feel-work” is introduced as a tuned-in ethnographic practice that simultaneously engages the body and the mind, reasoning and feeling. This study is thus a multi-sited ethnography contributing further knowledge into emotions and affects in human mobility, while it consistently uses emotions and affects as methodological and epistemological tools. The thesis argues that family members recreate a sense of “closeness” and maintain their emotional connection despite not being physically together nor seeing each other over long periods of absence. Ultimately, in grappling with the affective dimension of family relationships in the distinct context of current Bolivia-to-Spain migration, this thesis aims to shed some light on the emotional and the corporeal as constitutive aspects of the ethnographic endeavor.

  • 2.
    Lundberg, Arvid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Openness as Political Culture: The Arab Spring and the Jordanian Protest Movements2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an exploration of the origins of the Arab Spring in Jordan and across the region. Based on ethnographic fieldwork among the leadership of the Jordanian protest movements, it suggests a new way of understanding why these movements fell apart. A recurrent theme in accounts of the political movements that emerged in Jordan and the Arab world more generally in 2011 is that the unity that initially appeared on streets and squares never transformed into a viable coalition but instead dissolved. A common way to understand why the Arab Spring’s promise of a less authoritarian society was not fulfilled is to look at the center of a political system and explain why it did not become more democratic. These explanations depend on an alternative that we know only through our counterfactual imagination: a united opposition capable of bringing about a democratic system. Instead of imagining a united opposition and explaining why it was not realized, the thesis starts with the fact that the Jordanian opposition was deeply fragmented, but that there were attempts to counter this fragmentation by coordinating and specifying its demands. These attempts fell apart due to something more general than ideological, ethnic or religious divisions within the Jordanian opposition. They were based on a way of conducting politics that was uncommon among the leadership of the protest movements as well as among their opponents. These attempts were characterized by an emphasis on political ideas and programs rather than patronage and by an orientation toward political dialogue, which some Jordanians described in terms of “infitāḥ” (openness) and contrasted with a more polemical form of politics. This ethnographic study puts this more unusual form of politics into sharper relief and shows how it was rooted in political practices and values as well as comparable types of education and social life. This allows us to see how democratization is a movement that is not only political but also cultural, which takes shape in political activism, education and social life.

  • 3.
    Jennische, Ulrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Small-Small: Moral Economy and the Marketspace in Northern Ghana2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decade, the Ghanaian government has tried to include and accommodate the many people working in the so-called informal economy. This formalization process is in line with a global market-driven development discourse. The small-scale traders selling their goods from marketplaces and along the streets in major cities have been of particular interest.

    While the Ghanaian government defines these actors as working in an “informal sector” and thus beyond the formal political and economic system, it simultaneously targets them with welfare services and various policies with the purpose of including them in the creation of a modern welfare state and shaping them into moral and entrepreneurial citizens.

    In Tamale in northern Ghana, years of political neglect, violence, and structural adjustment have led to small-scale traders taking over streets, sidewalks, and infrastructure, which has created a boundless and dynamic marketspace that far exceeds the delimited and politically defined marketplaces. For the state, therefore, much of the formalization process is about restoring the control and power of public space through evictions and relocations of traders. In conjunction with the inclusive welfare services, this demonstrates the contradictions entailed in the politics of informality.

    The study is based on an ethnographic fieldwork among small-scale traders in northern Ghana with a specific interest in the events that occur at the intersection where state, market, and citizenship meet. By asking what it means to be a trader in this contradictory process of formalization, the dissertation aims to understand this transformative moment in Ghana’s political and economic history.

    In this study the emic notion of small-small is used to frame the norms of gradual progress and letting others in that define the moral economy of small-scale trade. Norms, values, and obligations generate trust and solidarity within the marketspace. But more than that, small-small produces a form of politics against an obstructive and unreliable state and it guides traders into the future by shaping dreams, aspirations, and possibilities. Situated in traders’ daily lives, work, and relationships, and through the small-small lens, this thesis investigates the underlying moralities of formalization. It describes the politics of the Ghanaian state, which in its attempt to create an inclusive welfare society, struggles to both protect the moral dynamics of small-scale trade while adhering to the norms and standards of an open liberalized economy.

  • 4.
    Mitchell, Andrew
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Tracing Wolves: Materiality, Effect and Difference2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As wolves are seldom seen in Scandinavia, Tracing Wolves utilises the ‘trace’ as both a theoretical and methodological tool to aid comprehension of what a wolf is and what a wolf does. Consequently, this enquiry examines human-wolf practices, such as tracking, genetic analysis, GPS tracking, hunting, and wolf necropsies, via which Scandinavian wolves in Sweden manifest. It is in this respect, through the traces wolves leave – like tracks in the snow, a steaming scat, the remains of a recent kill, GPS data or genetic material – that humans come to know wolves. Furthermore, this study also employs the ‘trace’ as a way to navigate through the complexities of material-semiotics and post-human approaches to method and theory, and contemplates rather more traditional approaches to anthropological knowledge. Accordingly, by considering the materiality of human-wolf encounters and how effects are comprehended and differences emerge, this analysis highlights that some of theses practices, aided by empathy and embodiment, facilitate a sociality that operates across species boundaries.

  • 5.
    Hentati, Jannete
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    En lektion i gemenskap: Ordning och (o)reda bland lärare i Malmö och Marseille2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This ethnographic study is based on comparative fieldwork among teachers at secondary schools in two southern situated cities in Europe: Malmö in Sweden and Marseille in France. The focus of the study is on how teachers make sense of and grapple with their mission to build and foster “good” citizens, which is intended to promote national community and unity. Exploring how the teachers strive and struggle to fulfil this mission provides a better insight into the ideas and practices that permeate their work. At the same time, the everyday tensions that occasionally complicate this task are highlighted. A crucial observation in this study is that teachers in both Sweden and France often find themselves confined to a kind of cross-pressure. Enclosed within it, teachers are torn between, on the one hand, endeavouring to reach certain visions and goals regarding how to instil a sense of national community in their pupils and, on the other, being confronted with an irregular and often far from pliable reality. This study shows how teachers are dealing with this cross-pressure, how – in case of hurdles and friction in their work – they try to maintain order in what they perceive and experience as being a state of great disorder in relation to their educational mission. The thesis contributes to increased knowledge of teachers’ lived professional experiences and situated practices in their day-to-day work. It also brings to light a problematising discussion about the role and importance that teachers expect themselves to play in relation to an overall idea of national community and unity in Sweden and France respectively.

  • 6.
    Mengiste, Tekalign Ayalew
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Struggle for Mobility: Risk, hope and community of knowledge in Eritrean and Ethiopian migration pathways towards Sweden2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of the ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Sweden, Italy, Sudan and Ethiopia during 2013–2015, this study examines the motivations, organizations and impact of overland migratory journeys from Ethiopia and Eritrea across the Sahara Desert and Mediterranean Sea to Sweden. The analysis involves the exploring of how migrants strive to prepare, manage and survive the multiple risks and structural barriers they encounter: the exits from Eritrea and Ethiopia, negotiations and contacts with various brokers and facilitators, organized crime and violence, restrictive border controls, passage through the Desert and high Sea and finally, ‘managing the asylum system in Sweden’. Further, it maps how the process of contemporary refugee mobility and multiple transitions is facilitated by the entanglement of transnational social relations and smuggling practices. The study argues for a perspective wherein migration journeys are embedded in and affected by the process of dynamic intergenerational, translocal and transnational social relations, material practices and knowledge productions. It depicts how practices and facilitations of irregular migratory mobility reproduce collective knowledge that refugees mobilize to endure risks during their journey, establishing a community and creating a home after arriving at the destination location.

  • 7.
    Pollack Sarnecki, Hannah
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Favela Funk – Ways of Being Young in the Urban Peripheries of Rio de Janeiro2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, funk music produced in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro has been travelling the world as a genre of contemporary cool. Construed as both hip and authentic and consumed globally, it has become a political and commercial asset in the nation’s rise to economic dominance and in Rio’s campaign to become a global city. In Brazil, however, favela funk draws the boundaries between the shanty towns of the urban margins, where it remains a social practice, and the state, by which it is condemned and sometimes prohibited for lyrics that allude to violence in an alleged glorification of gang power. This dissertation is an ethnographic inquiry into social life and power relations in one of the favelas of Rio de Janeiro. It tells the story of how a drug-dealing faction challenges the sovereignty of the state on its turf by means of both arms and the control and distribution of pleasure and fun. Funk, in this account, emerges as an immensely popular social practice and thus an instrument of drug-dealing power. By treating violence and the sexually explicit as both unifying and fragmenting in the social dynamics of this place, the dissertation uncovers the paths that favela youth tread in the context of severe poverty, vulnerability and limited access to state institutions and formal employment.

  • 8.
    Pan, Darcy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Laboring Through Uncertainty: an ethnography of the Chinese state, labor NGOs, and development2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to understand how international development projects supporting labor activism work in contemporary China. It focuses on the lived experiences of and relationships among a group of grassroots⁠ labor NGOs in the province of Guangdong, South China; intermediary NGOs in Hong Kong; and Western funding agencies that try to bring about social change in postsocialist China where the political climate is still highly restrictive and the limits of the state’s tolerance for activism are ambiguous and uncertain. Foregrounding the notion of uncertainty, this study investigates how state control is exercised by examining a specific logic of practices, discourses, and a mode of existence that constantly mask and unmask the state. More specifically, this study explores how the uncertainty about the boundaries of permissible activism is generative of a sociopolitical realm in which variously positioned subjects mobilize around the idea of the state, which in turn leads to articulations and practices conducive to both self-censorship and a contingent space of activism. Viewed as such, the idea of uncertainty becomes an enabler through which certain kinds of practices, relationships, and networks are made possible and enacted, and through which a sociopolitical realm of intimacy is constituted by and constitutive of these relationships, networks, and practices. Situated in the domain of uncertainty, this study examines the ways in which uncertainty, both as an analytical idea and an ontological existence, produces an intimate space where labor activists not only effectively self-censor but also skillfully map the gray zone between the relatively safe and the unacceptably risky choices.

  • 9.
    Schwabe, Siri
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Promised Lands: Memory, Politics, and Palestinianness in Santiago de Chile2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a comprehensive attempt to grapple with diasporic Palestinianness in Santiago de Chile. Based on long-term fieldwork from 2013 to 2014 within Palestinian-Chilean networks, organizations, and places it explores how an inherently political Palestinianness is constituted, expressed and explored via memory on the one hand and processes related to space and place on the other. Palestinianness is employed here as a concept that captures all that goes into maintaining a Palestinian presence in Santiago. Rather than a fixed category, Palestinianness is something that works and is worked upon in ways that are inseparable from, in this case, the context of lived life in the Chilean capital. It is a host of experiences and practices that cannot be neatly separated, but that are constantly weaved together in steadily recurrent, but sometimes disruptive and surprising patterns. By interrogating Palestinianness within the distinct context of present-day Santiago, the thesis unsettles and reconfigures conceptualizations of the relationship between memory, space, and politics. It does so by delving into the ambiguities at play in Palestinian-Chilean relationships to the often uncomfortable memory politics of post-dictatorship and the ongoing Palestinian struggle respectively. To shed light on the dynamics at play, transmemory is introduced as a concept that seeks to capture the spatial and spatially mobile qualities of memory. The thesis argues that by engaging with traveling memories of life and conflict in the old land and simultaneously rejecting involvement with continuously troubling memories of the recent Chilean past, Palestinian-Chileans form a collective politics of Palestinianness that is nonetheless distinctly marked by an inescapable Chileanness.

  • 10.
    Gullberg, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Republic of Difference: Feminism and anti-racism in the Parisian banlieues2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is an ethnographic study of three political groups in the Parisian banlieues: Ni putes ni soumises, AFRICA and Mouvement des indigènes de la République. These groups espouse both feminist and antiracist politics in theory, yet in practice tend to privilege either a feminist or  antiracist position and end up in opposition to each other. To explain why, the thesis locates their respective politics within French colonial heritage, French secularism (laïcité), and current politics surrounding Muslims in France, especially Muslim women in the banlieues. The thesis draws on anthropological theory, feminist theory, intersectionality, and post-colonial studies. 

  • 11.
    Leivestad, Hege Høyer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Lives on Wheels: Caravan Homes in Contemporary Europe2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the public imaginary the caravan has time and again been associated with stigmatised groups in society. Nevertheless, this vehicle-home has held a visible position in Western Europe’s leisure landscape in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries as a potent symbol of working-class tourism. But what happens when presumably mobile caravans are used for long-term and full-time ‘static’ housing? Based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted on campsites in Spain and Sweden, as well as within the camping industry, this study depicts how the caravan and the campsite’s ambiguous material qualities both come to fit and to challenge conventional domestic ideals. Among lower-middle-class and working-class Europeans, a growing use of mobile dwellings is closely related to issues concerning lifestyle changes and retirement and ideal notions of domestic downsizing. The thesis thus tunes in on what is identified as an emergence of an alternative housing form in a Western European context, wherein materiality and mobility become interrelated through a temporal, spatial and social notion of potential mobility. By addressing how the caravan, as a potentially mobile domestic form, produces specific spatiotemporal imaginations and practices, this thesis demonstrates how it furthermore comes to be incorporated into a multifaceted withdrawal to a ‘good life’ in times of uncertainty.

  • 12.
    Tunestad, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Therapeutization of Work: The Psychological Toolbox as Rationalization Device during the Third Industrial Revolution in Sweden2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The organization of work in the Western welfare states has made use of psychological know-how since the early twentieth century, for instance by making the practices of ‘psychotechnics’ and ‘human relations’ a part of the production apparatus. The last decades, however, have seen the development of a new economy based on information and communication technologies and with a related shift in organizational ideals from large hierarchical structures to networks of self-governing units – a change sometimes labelled the third industrial revolution. This development has meant new possibilities for the deployment of psychological knowledge in organizational management.

    The present study takes as its geographical starting point the greater Stockholm area in Sweden. Through a variant of multi-sited fieldwork it investigates the distribution of psychological know-how in and through different institutions – such as school, work life, health care – by which the average ‘worker-citizen’ is supposed to acquire a ‘psychological toolbox’, thus becoming a kind of amateur psychologist or therapist, ready and able to take responsibility for his or her own productivity, well-being and health. The study depicts this ideal of psychological self-regulation: its discourse and practices, and how it emerged as a part of the technological and organizational developments of the third industrial revolution.

  • 13.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Watermarks: Urban Flooding and Memoryscape in Argentina2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between social experience and action in the context of recurrent disasters is often thought of in terms of adaptation. This study problematises this assumption from an anthropological perspective by analysing the memoryscape that mediates past experiences of disasters. The inquiry is based on translocal and transtemporal ethnographic fieldwork conducted in 2004-2011 in the flood-prone city of Santa Fe in Argentina. The study examines how past flooding is remembered by flood victims in the middle- and low-income districts and by activists of the protest movement that emerged in the wake of the 2003 flood. It deals with flood memory in the local bureaucracy, in local historiography, myths and popular culture. The analysis reveals that the Santafesinian flood memoryscape is dynamically configured by evocative, reminiscent and commemorative modes of remembering, which are expressed in multiple forms, ranging from memorials and rituals to bureaucratic documents, infrastructure and everyday practices. The study addresses the relationship between memory, morality and social inequality and discusses the implications for questions regarding vulnerability, resilience and adaptation.

  • 14.
    Nilsson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Conserving the American Dream: Faith and Politics in the U.S. Heartland2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent decades have seen substantial changes in the U.S. political landscape. One particularly significant development has been the growing influence of a conservative coalition encompassing evangelical Christianity, interventionist foreign policy and neoliberal reform. This study explores the force and internal dynamics of this political assemblage. Based on fieldwork among conservative voters, volunteers and candidates in a small city in northwestern Ohio during a midterm election year, it probes the energy of conservative politics, its modes of attachment and influence, and the organizational forms through which it circulates. Contemporary conservative politics are shown to be centered on a particular epistemological intuition: that to be able to act, one must believe in something. This intuition implies an actively affirmative stance toward “beliefs” and “values.” The study also addresses methodological and analytical challenges that conservative politics pose for anthropological inquiry. It develops a “conversational” analytical attitude, arguing that in order to understand the lasting influence conservatism one has to take seriously the problems that it is oriented toward.

  • 15.
    Galli, Raoul
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Varumärkenas fält: Produktion av erkännande i Stockholms reklamvärld2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Field of Brands asks questions such as: How is recognition awarded in Stockholm's advertising world? How do advertising producers sell this recognition to their clients? What kind of recognition are state-owned buyers of advertising seeking through their collaboration with award-winning elite advertising agencies? Opposed to the popular notion that advertising "mirrors society", a basic assumption in this study is that advertising primarily reflects the social world that creates it, i.e. the advertising world. The argument being that it is the members of this microcosm whose ideas about society advertising primarily reflects – although only after having been refracted through a field. The question is therefore how this field is socially and mentally structured. The vantage point is a globally active U.S. advertising firm’s Stockholm office, where daily participant observations have been conducted during one year of fieldwork.

  • 16.
    Sarajeva, Katja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Lesbian Lives: Sexuality, Space and Subculture in Moscow2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an exploration of the lesbian subculture in Russia focusing in particular on the subculture as a unique heterogeneous space of social interaction and cultural production that is not self contained or isolated from mainstream society, but incorporates a variety of cultural flows and traditions that are a part of Russian mainstream culture, other Russian subcultures, or global cultural flows. Some of these cultural flows and traditions are more compatible than other ones.

    The increasingly globalized images and ideas of what a gay and lesbian community is, or perhaps should be like, are only partially compatible with contemporary reality in Russia. The high value placed on visibility and explicitly political, even radical activism, in gay and lesbian subcultures in the West, must in Russia be reconciled not only with the totalitarian past, and the increasingly authoritarian present, but also with the traditions and practices that developed as a response to the repressive regime and enabled people to live and even thrive within it. Using private spaces as public space, and public space as private space established a practice of multilayered spaces that are continuously maintained through social inclusion and exclusion, visibility and invisibility.

    However, the subculture is not only an intersection of external cultural flows and traditions, it also has it’s own unique traditions, knowledges and practices. Poetry, music, literature and art form the backbone of the flow of activities within the subculture. Visual and grammatical cues, styles, jokes and lesbian genders are integral aspects of the subculture as it is continuously renegotiated by its participants also on an individual level..

    The study is based on fieldwork, participant observation and interviews, mainly in Moscow, and to some extent in St Petersburg, during 2005 with recurring visits during 2006 and 2007.

  • 17.
    Larssen, Urban
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Call for Protection: Situating Journalists in Post-Cold War Romania in a Global Media Development Discourse2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the development of journalism in post-Cold War Romania, and it does so with a particular interest in the transnational dimension this entails.

    Many NGOs and international organizations are currently seeking to monitor journalists’ situations in countries around the world, while at the same time aiming at having the whole world aligned with international standards of the journalistic profession. Much attention is put on the safety of individual journalists and on the need to protect them from both legal and physical harm. Reports are continuously launched, frequently worded to impart a sense of emergency, effectively linking putative universal values of journalism with the image of vulnarable journalists carrying out dangerous work for the benefit of large publics.

    Romania is a fertile place for this kind of global activism, partly due to the country’s totalitarian past and to what many commentators see as an unfulfilled process of democratization where powerful media owners and executives influence journalistic standards with business interests foremost in mind, and where harassments of journalists have been on the rise during the last decade.

    By combining an ethnographic account of the journalism field with an exploration of how global media development activities are operating in contemporary Romania, the prime question of the thesis is how journalism is constructed and made meaningful in a transnational context.

    The study is based on ethnographic material collected during the period of 2000-2002 among journalists and NGO activists in Bucharest, Romania.

  • 18.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Illegal yet Licit: Justifying Informal Purchases of Work in Contemporary Sweden2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Svart arbete, informal purchases of work, is a widely debated societal phenomenon in Sweden. It is often seen as detrimental to contemporary welfare society, eroding taxpaying morals, fair competition and solidarity with fellow citizens. Acknowledged as wrong, it is in many instances also an acceptable and commonplace exchange practice. This study addresses this incongruity and aims to show how these inconspicuous exchanges of work are distinguished in terms of legality and licitness.

    Methodologically, the study is based on ethnographic interviews with a group of people in all walks of life, who have their roots in a small town in southern Sweden. In the midst of life and work, they address situations where living in accordance with moral standards becomes difficult. The study aims to illuminate multifaceted reasonings about the illegal but licit purchases made and how people make sense and meaning of them in retrospect and in the larger context of societal economy. The ways in which these purchases of svart arbete are justified illustrate inherent tensions in contemporary welfare society.

    Purchases of svart arbete are often justified as rational economic decisions in terms of being cheap and simple. The study shows that purchasing work informally is not only a rational economic decision, but can also be the result of resolving necessities in daily life due to societal bottlenecks and/or probing tax legislation. As an economic phenomenon, these purchases are therefore not seen as set apart from the formal structures of the Swedish economy, but as co-existing with them. Justifying the illegal but licit svart arbete, purchasers are seen to emphasise a reciprocal relationship with the provider of the work and also with the state. In this way, a sense of balance and justice is achieved.

  • 19.
    Hedblom, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    "The Body is Made to Move": Gym and Fitness Culture in Sweden2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ideas about "exercise" and "health" have varied over time and across cultures. With the recent Euro-American fitness trend, a growing number of Swedes now take part in some kind of physical activity at Gyms or Fitness Centers. By applying a phenomenological and constructivist approach, the aim of this ethnographic study is to examine the non-profit but also commercial culture of and around this form of exercise. The focus is on how meaning is created, transformed, embodied, and perceived by gym goers as truth, science, knowledge, or even myth. There are two central overlapping concerns in this thesis, both dealing with the interrelation between categories, and status positions. The first part of the thesis deals with the social aspects of movement, such as the definition and categorization of self and others as different types of gym-goers. Related to this are also what is termed critical norms of interpretation of aims and reasons for exercise, such as gaining strength or aesthetic improvement. The other central concern is more specifically focused on the body itself and deals with ideas about exercise, diet, substances, and physiology, that is, how to exercise and how the body works. "The body is made to move", was a common saying at Gyms and Centers, meaning that the human body is physically built to be active. But the techniques and practices of how this movement is performed vary and are sometimes even contradictory. Here sources in the distribution of ideas about the body and body movement are brought out: the Internet, informal and formal instructors in the Gym, as well as gym machines. The method has been participant observation and in-depth interviews with gym goers and instructors at Gyms and Fitness Centers in two middle size towns in Sweden mainly during a year in 2004-2005. Rather than taking sides in the debate on how to exercise, this thesis raises wider questions about the authority to define reality.

  • 20.
    Frisell Ellburg, Ann
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Ett fåfängt arbete: Möten med modeller i den svenska modeindustrin2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study of the working life of fashion models in the Swedish Fashion Industry based on 18 months of ethnographic fieldwork among a network of female and male models in Stockholm. It charts the development of the modelling business in Sweden and locates it within the changing labour market of late capitalism. The study highlights the paradoxes and contradictions of the modelling profession, which provides both extraordinary career opportunities but is also full of risks and temptations, especially for young female models. Unlike many other studies of the model business, the working lives of male models and the particular challenges they face also receive attention. Two main theoretical areas are examined in this book. One deals with the fact that a model’s body is a sexualized commodity in the market. The ability to project a sexual image at work can enhance a model’s career, but this sexualization and objectification is experienced as problematic by male and female models alike, although for different reasons. In the case of women, it involves the need to appear respectable; while for men attempting to live up to heteronormative expectations of masculinity is continually challenged in a profession coded as ‘female’. A solution employed by many models is to create a professional mask or job-persona, that is detached from what they regard as their inner or authentic self. The issue of authenticity emerges as an important concern for many models and is a theme that runs through the entire thesis. A second theoretical area is the power relations that structure the modelling business, including the relationship between fashion models and model agencies, stylists, and photographers. How models manage these power relations in the form of emotional labour, compromises, or even by occasional challenges to authority is illuminated in the study.

  • 21.
    Viktorin, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Exercising Peace: Conflict Preventionism, Neoliberalism, and the New Military2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes the changing role of the military as a starting point for exploring a set of broader ongoing processes at the intersection of security and humanitarianism. The focus is on one particular assemblage, described here as conflict preventionism. This notion brings together the transformation of the military, the proliferation of civil-military cooperation, and the increasing interest in managing and preventing violent conflicts within a single framework. As such, conflict preventionism helps render visible how various actors, concepts, and organizational techniques converge in emergent forms of intervention.

    The research was carried out during the planning, execution, and evaluation of Viking 03, a civil-military exercise organized in 2003 by the Swedish Armed Forces. An examination of Viking 03 evinces intriguing resemblances between conflict preventionism and organizational facets of neoliberalism, epitomized by increasingly ubiquitous concepts such as “partnership,” “transparency,” and “evaluation.” Also, it shows that conflict preventionism does not settle on one particular understanding of conflict, but rather imposes directionality on contemporary engagements with the world.

  • 22.
    Sörensdotter, Renita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Omsorgsarbete i omvandling: Genus, klass och etnicitet inom hemtjänsten2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hemtjänstyrket är ett yrke i förändring. Arbetet har allt sedan hemtjänsten startade sin verksamhet 1950 framför allt utförts av vita svenska medelålders kvinnor med bakgrund i arbetarklassen. De som arbetar inom hemtjänsten idag har dock varierande ursprung, kön, klassbakgrund och ålder. Denna avhandling syftar till att belysa hur diskurser om genus, sexualitet, etnicitet och klass bidrar till att möjliggöra och begränsa hemtjänstpersonalens yrkesroll och arbetsvillkor. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna utgörs av queerfeministiska teorier med fokus på hur olika diskurser samverkar i subjektets positionsbestämning. Det empiriska materialet har tagits fram genom deltagande observation och intervjuer med två hemtjänstgrupper. Den ena gruppen består av vita svenska kvinnor med arbetarklassbakgrund boende i en bruksort i Dalarna. Den andra gruppen arbetar i Stockholms innerstad och består av en blandning av människor utifrån kön, etnicitet, klass och utbildningsnivå. I avhandlingen visas att hemtjänstgruppernas sammansättning påverkar deras arbetsvillkor. I den enkönade gruppen utformar kvinnorna homosociala relationer som ger dem utrymme att skämta om män samtidigt som de enas genom att beklaga sin genusbaserade underordning i samhället. I den blandade gruppen formar männen homosociala relationer sinsemellan och bekräftar sin heterosexualitet och överordning gentemot kvinnor genom skämt om kvinnor. I gruppen överordnas de svenska männen kvinnorna och männen med utomnordiskt ursprung. I det direkta arbetet med vårdtagarna utgör dock svenska kvinnor norm, övriga omsorgsarbetare måste omförhandla sin position utifrån normen. I enlighet med den offentliga jämställdhetsdiskursen uppvärderas män och många önskar sig fler män i yrket. Etnisk mångfald tas däremot upp som ett problem. Trots förändringarna inom hemtjänsten kvarstår att personalens kroppsliga och emotionella arbete inte värderas som en kompetens beroende på att kunskapen kopplas samman med kvinnor.

  • 23.
    Nyqvist, Anette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Opening the Orange Envelope: Reform and Responsibility in the Remaking of the Swedish National Pension System2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A national pension system, like most large government policies, does many things, some of which involve governing the population and steering citizens in certain directions. This study, on the transformation of Sweden’s national pension system, sheds light on who the actors involved at different sites and levels in the policy process are, what they do, and how they do it. By mapping out the policy process - and the actors, practices and technologies involved - the workings of new forms of governance come into focus. Of particular interest is the way policy-making works as a governing tool in the contemporary Swedish welfare state. On a broader level, this study is concerned with how new forms of governance may alter the roles of, as well as affect the relationship between, state and citizen.

    At the core of the study are the new forms of governance that are being brought forward in contemporary welfare state restructuring in which the logic, language and practices of the market are given increased salience also within the realm of government. Sweden’s new national pension system is seen as a ‘political technology’ with the power to transform society through its subjects; the citizens. The study shows how a set of interconnected technologies within the construction of the new national pension scheme brings about processes of both depoliticization and responsibilization.

    Anthropological fieldwork was carried out among politicians, experts, technocrats, bureaucrats, government information personnel as well as among ‘ordinary’ citizens in an attempt to study ‘all the way through’ a policy process with significance to the ongoing transformation of the Swedish welfare state.

  • 24.
    Bartholdson, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    From Slaves to Princes: The role of NGOs in the construction of race and ethnicity in Salvador, Brazil2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Global forms and changes affect all spheres of human life-worlds; not least how we interpret and create systems of meaning in our respective habitats. A merging of global and local reflections and actions often causes ideological transformations and discursive shifts. Issues of race and the plight of the Afro-Brazilian population, for example, have come to the forefront of public debate in Brazil during the last decade. One of the main architects behind this discursive shift is the Afro-Brazilian movement, which by and large is comprised of numerous so-called NGOs. The Afro-Brazilian movement writ large, is greatly affected by the transnational flow of financial resources, information and people emanating from Western donors and the transnational Afro-Diaspora network. Ideologies of race and ethnicity are re-contextualized, replacing the previous focus on class in Brazil, and thus creating new frameworks of interpretation at national and local levels. This dissertation is focused on three NGOs in the city of Salvador, each situated on a different socio-economic level within the Afro-Brazilian movement. It is argued that the articulation of Afro-Brazilian identity and authenticity is very much in the ascendant, spurred by the dynamic interaction among organizations within the Afro-Brazilian movement on the one hand and by the relationships these movement organizations develop with external actors - state agencies, donors and foreign activists - on the other. Of particular interest is how each of the organizations is affected by and reacts to questions related to class, gender, location, donors’ expectations, leaders’ ambitions and interventions by foreign activists.

  • 25.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Med facit i hand: Normalitet, elevskap och vänlig maktutövning i två svenska skolor2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the socialisation of schoolchildren and how normality is learned and managed in two Swedish school classes. The Swedish school is, according to the "Curriculum for the compulsory school system, the pre-school class and the leisure-time centre", the Lpo94, based on democratic values and respect for the individual. In accordance with these values socialisation of the pupil is, as the thesis argues, accomplished through “benevolent government” by the teachers. To enable this governmentality, the pupil needs to learn how to be him or her “self” according to norms about how the “self” is to be expressed. The pupil also needs to learn how to balance multiple relations in school and the different aspects that constitutes the social person. Benevolent government is here used as a description of a certain kind of teacher-hood dependent on a certain kind of pupil. The pupil-subject that is constructed is a subordinated, self inspecting, positive, empathic person who will approve of being governed by the teachers through the governing of them selves.

    The study is based on fieldwork with one pre-school class and one fifth grade class in the Swedish compulsory school during the period from August 1999 to June 2002.

  • 26.
    Hasselström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    On and Off the Trading Floor: An inquiry into the everyday fashioning of financial market knowledge2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Hardtmann, Eva-Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Our Fury is Burning: From Local Practice to Global Connections in the Dalit Movement2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Khosravi, Shahram
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Third Generation: The Islamic Order of Things and Cultural Defiance among theYoung of Tehran2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Rodriguez Larreta, Enrique
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    "Gold is illusion": the Garimpeiros of Tapajos Valley in the Brazilian Amazonia2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the formation of power relations and hierarchy among the gold diggers of the region of the Tapajos in the lower Amazonas. Following the route of immigrants who escape from social death in the Brazilian Northeast driven on by the dream of gold, this book analyses the daily life of a community of gold diggers. It studies the articulation between individual and group and between the local society and regional and national contexts. The description of methods of work in gold extraction form a background to an analysis of how social identity, power and authority are constituted in the gold digger society, in which an ever present violence and prevalent disease combine to  keep the individual in a state of existential precariousness. 

  • 30.
    Ståhlberg, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Lucknow Daily: how a Hindi newspaper constructs society2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mass media in various forms have during the last decades increased their presence in India. Among the printed media, the regional daily press has experienced a particularly strong growth through the 1980s and 1990s. This study is primarily concerned with Hindi newspapers and their journalists in the north Indian State of Uttar Pradesh.  The form and the content of the newspapers are dealt with, so are routines and organisation of newswork as well as the background and the careers of journalists. The study also elucidates how the Hindi-language journalists formulate their occupational role and understand their position in the public sphere – particularly in relation to the English-language press in India. A central aim of the research has been to describe local and culturally specific conditions of a profession that is working with similar methods and tasks all over the world. Simultaneously, the journalistic form of cultural production is discussed in relation to processes of cultural globalisation, modernity and political imagination.  The study is based on fieldwork conducted during two periods of totally 10 months, between 1995 and 1998, among journalists in the city of Lucknow. 

  • 31.
    Henning, Annette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Ambiguous artefacts: solar collectors in Swedish contexts : on processes of cultural modification2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Lundgren, Inger
    Stockholm University.
    Lost visions and new uncertainties: Sandinista profesionales in northern Nicaragua2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Latin American countries where there are few private entrepreneurs, the state has often played a dominant role in the economy and in production and consequently state employees have wielded considerable influence. After the overthrow of the dictator Somoza in 1979, during eleven years of Sandinista rule the Nicaraguan state expanded considerably. This provided an opportunity for the growth of a middle class of Sandinista supporters to positions of influence over the direction of societal development, while at the same time it limited the influence of those who were not Sandinistas. In the elections of 1990 the revolutionary Sandinista government was replaced by an anti-Sandinista coalition of fourteen parties. This altered the situation for those members of the middle class who had benefited from state protection in the revolutionary period and left many of them unemployed.

    This thesis is based on fieldwork conducted from 1991 to 1993 in Estelí, a town in northern Nicaragua. It deals with the downward mobility experienced by a part of the Nicaraguan middle class - the profesionales - and the subsequent situation of such people who had to leave their former jobs as professionals and civil servants. These jobs had formed the bases from which they participated in the construction of Sandinista visions of the future, and wielded influence within the state. After the elections they found their opportunities restricted not only by neo-liberal measures to reduce the state, but also, as they saw it, by political revenge. The book attempts to promote increased understanding of contemporary social and political processes in Nicaragua by showing how the everyday lives of the Sandinista profesionales has become characterised by economic uncertainty and unemployment, fear of unpredictable violence and a general lack of societal trust. It asks how the Sandinista profesionales manage to cope with their current situation, how the explain it and where they place the blame for their predicament. Which role do they themselves believe they could play in the present and future Nicaragua? Have they adapted to the new circumstances or are they struggling to recover the same influence in society that the former positions within the state granted them?

  • 33.
    Holmqvist, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    "The hospital is a uterus": western discourses of childbirth in late modernity : a case study from northern Italy2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The medicalisation of Western childbirth that was initiated in the seventeenth century has resulted in healthier women and infants, but it has also changed the cultural definition of birth as a restricted female experience. There is an increasing insistence among experts to define birth as a heterosexual couple's experience and to regard the woman and the foetus as two separate 'patients.' This development potentially implies a marginalisation of women from birthgiving and changed ways of experiencing pregnancy and childbirth.

    This thesis aims at analysing the transition to motherhood in contemporary Western societies as an asymmetrical discursive space in which first-time expectant mothers meet with professional experts. At hospitals, prenatal clinics, birth preparation courses, at the actual birth site and in paediatric clinics the women are socialised into an expert-defined cultural model of maternity care. However, they do not just accept the presented model passively: there is a continuing negotiation between the agents of the local birthing system over what is considered to be authoritative knowledge and practice in this area.

    The study is based on anthropological fieldwork in 1993/94 in a northern Italian town, Borgo. It focuses on how the experts provide models of and for important birthgiving issues such as what birth is and how pregnancy and birth should be managed, defining women's agency in birthing, and prescribing what is a proper experience of birth.

  • 34.
    Einarsdóttir, Jónína
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    "Tired of weeping": child death and mourning among Papel mothers in Guinea-Bissau2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the assumption that mothers in poverty stricken areas with high rates of fertility and child mortality will, as a survival strategy, neglect their children, sometimes with a fatal outcome and then fail to mourn their death. The thesis is based on anthropological fieldwork conducted in 1993-98 among the Papel people in Guinea-Bissau, West-Africa. Participant observation, interviewing and surveys were the main methods used. The study emphasises the agency and voices of individual Papel mothers, and their varied experiences, practices and opinions. At the same time it seeks to illuminate women's common patterns of thinking and acting but also the constraints and structures that curtail their choices. The Papel women's situation as wives in a polygamous society is explored as well as their motives for becoming mothers. Birth and breastfeeding practices are examined in the light of maternal bonding theory. The thesis further explores the following questions: Are conceptions of children reflected in childcare practices? Does the way mothers interpret disease and death, and their ideas about afterlife, influence their patterns of healthcare seeking and mourning? What are the local ideas about deviant or disabled children and how are they treated?

    The conclusion of the study is that Papel mothers do not neglect their children in terms of daily care or during illness. Nor do mothers fail to mourn children who die, irrespective of whether they are normal children, favourite children or children suspected to be spirit children, without a human soul. However, mother love is not unilaterally self-sacrificing and unconditional. Mothers emphasise their suffering because they give birth to children, but they expect to become rewarded for their suffering in social, economic and emotional terms. The thesis argues that poverty and high rates of child mortality do not necessarily produce neglectful and non-remorseful mothers. Religion, kinship, and economy shape gender relations and cultural values attributed to reproduction and motherhood, which in turn influence maternal sentiments and practice. Among the Papel, the system of matrilineal descent gives mothers, together with their lineage members, a central role in seeking healthcare for children, whatever the category. Poverty and high expectancy of child mortality contribute to maternal anguish and distress in relation to child delivery, diseases and death, not indifference.

  • 35.
    Graham, Mark
    Stockholm University.
    Classifications, Persons and Policies: Refugees and Swedish Welfare Bureaucracy1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Stade, Ronald
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Pacific passages: world culture and local politics in Guam1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Narrowe, Judith
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Under one roof: on becoming a Turk in Sweden1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Dahlén, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Among the interculturalists: an emergent profession and its packaging of knowledge1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Tegbaru, Amare
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Forests, farmers and the state: environmentalism and resistance in northeastern Thailand1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Isan farmers in Ubonratchatani province of Northeast Thailand employ Buddhist as well as modernist environmental arguments to resist the spread of commercial eucalyptus plantations carried out by the state. Villagers affected by the consequences of commercial forestry have made a metaphorical link between eucalyptus, destructive exploitation and coercive power. The central argument of the present study is that local environmentalism is a reaction against a government policy which in itself is formulated in conservationist terms.

    The focus is on the conflict between Thai foresters and Nong Wai Ngam farmers, and how the forest authorities justify their promotion of eucalyptus in conservationist terms, arguing that the species is useful for rehabilitating degraded tropical monsoon forest, while the local villagers protest by inverting the foresters' terms, combining them both with their own farming wisdom and with 'scientific' arguments. The study describes how the forestry debate has been revitalised by inserting political, cultural and religious issues into the eucalyptus question, turning it into an idiom of general resistance.

    The thesis discusses the forms of village resistance, at the levels of linguistic practice as well as of concrete action ranging from small-scale sabotage to violence.

    Fieldwork was carried out in 1989-91 and 1993, mainly by participant observation. Intensive interviews, situational analysis and life-history approaches were combined to reconstruct the large-scale processes whereby ideas are transmitted to the Nong Wai Ngam people as well as to give a picture of the environment within which these farmers are acting.

    The author argues that the practice of resistance engenders changes in the ways parties to the conflict behave and think. Trying to defend what they perceive as central to their culture people make ideational and practical innovations. In the process of the struggle these adaptations develop beyond the original concerns and transform the culture itself.

  • 40.
    Lindquist, Galina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Shamanic performances on the urban scene: neo-shamanism in contemporary Sweden1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with neo-shamanism, a set of notions and techniques that originated in the non-Western tribal societies and, within the framework of New Age spirituality, were adapted for the life of contemporary urban dwellers. Neo-shamanic practices are based on consciousness-altering techniques, when the Self is perceived to leave the body, to journey in other realities and to interact with the spiritual beings, enlisting their help for social, psychological, and physical healing.

    The study shows how a group of people appropriates a set of new meanings, grounded in unusual bodily experience, validated by interpersonal narrative, and embodied in dramatic performance in both the physical and the imaginal realms. Through the media of performance the abstract meanings become lived reality turned into a common resource for creating culture. The creation of culture is seen as an interplay between individual experience and orchestrated expressions, whereby the imported notions and cultural forms are filled with personal and shared meaning.

    The special character of thus created neo-shamanic culture lies in the fact that it emerges in the interstices betwixt and between the established social institutions, as a domain of imagination and play. Through performance and play the disembedded cultural systems, imported from distant times and places, get re-embedded in the local contexts and come to constitute community, locality, and tradition.

    Fieldwork was carried out in 1992 - 1996 in Sweden, Denmark, England, and France. The main methods used were participant observation, reading printed matter, and interviews.

  • 41.
    Edelman, Birgitta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Shunters at work: creating a world in a railway yard1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Skills, and particularly manual skills, are often seen as acquired through unquestioning practice and drill. This is an ethnographic account of a group of railway workers, called shunters, who are occupied with the manual task of assembling carriages into trains. It is here claimed that the acquisition of shunting skills is conditioned by the apprentices' preconceived ideas of 'male', manual, outdoor work and by the dynamics of master-apprentice relations. Two different types of learning strategies, adopted by female and male apprentices respectively, are identified. It is claimed that these strategies lead to differential success in advancement at work. In contrast to approaches which see skill as individual mastery of given tasks it is argued that conceptions of skilful work are subject to social construction.

    Since cooperation calls for communication, the communicative aspects of skill come into the fore in this type of high-risk work. Card-playing is studied as an arena for expression of skills related to handling risks at work.

    Team-work, marked by cooperation and uninterrupted fluency, here called 'flow', is ideally based on informal relations and an egalitarian ethos. It is simultaneously thought to presuppose a structured hierarchy of well defined work roles. Team-work is also seen to demand a collective spirit, although idiosyncratic work styles and individualistic behaviour are encouraged. The treatise demonstrates how such contradictory understandings are expressed and mediated in practice, and how they are reconceptualized during a period of uncertainty caused by reorganization and change.

    The work is based on participation as well as participant observation in one of the largest railway yards for passenger trains in Sweden.

  • 42.
    Norman, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    A sound family makes a sound state: Ideology and upbringing in a German village1991Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
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