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  • 1.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Transition metal-catalyzed epoxidation of alkenes2010In: Modern Oxidation Methods / [ed] Jan-Erling Bäckvall, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA , 2010, 2, p. 37-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Amino acid-derived amides and hydroxamic acids as ligands for asymmetric transfer hydrogenation in aqueous media2011In: Catalysis communications, ISSN 1566-7367, E-ISSN 1873-3905, Vol. 12, no 12, p. 1118-1121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amides and hydroxamic acids derived from α-amino acids were evaluated as ligands in combination with rhodium and iridium half-sandwich complexes in asymmetric transfer hydrogenation (ATH) of ketones. The reactions were performed in aqueous media using lithium formate as hydride source. The catalyst systems turned out to be highly efficient and ees up to 90% were obtained.

  • 3.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ekström, Jesper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zaitsev, Alexey B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Asymmetric Transfer Hydrogenation of Ketones Catalyzed by Amino Acid Derived Rhodium Complexes: On the Origin of Enantioselectivity and Enantioswitchability2009In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 15, no 42, p. 11197-11209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amino acid based thioamides, hydroxamic acids, and hydrazides have been evaluated as ligands in the rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones in 2-propanol. Catalysts containing thioamide ligands derived from L-valine were found to selectively generate the product with an R configuration (95 % ee), whereas the corresponding L-valine-based hydroxamic acids or hydrazides facilitated the formation of the (S)-alcohols (97 and 91 % ee, respectively). The catalytic reduction was examined by performing a structure–activity correlation investigation with differently functionalized or substituted ligands and the results obtained indicate that the major difference between the thioamide and hydroxamic acid based catalysts is the coordination mode of the ligands. Kinetic experiments were performed and the rate constants for the reduction reactions were determined by using rhodium–arene catalysts derived from amino acid thioamide and hydroxamic acid ligands. The data obtained show that the thioamide-based catalyst systems demonstrate a pseudo-first-order dependence on the substrate, whereas pseudo-zero-order dependence was observed for the hydroxamic acid containing catalysts. Furthermore, the kinetic experiments revealed that the rate-limiting steps of the two catalytic systems differ. From the data obtained in the structure–activity correlation investigation and along with the kinetic investigation it was concluded that the enantioswitchable nature of the catalysts studied originates from different ligand coordination, which affects the rate-limiting step of the catalytic reduction reaction.

  • 4.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ekström, Jesper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zaitsev, Alexey
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones catalyzed by amino acid derived rhodium complexes: on the origin of enantioselectivity and enantioswitchability: Corrigendum to vol 15(2009) 42, pp. 11197-2010In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 16, no 35, p. 10610-10610Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lind, Jesper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mäler, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of alkyl and aryl ketones in aqueous media2008In: Green Chemistry, ISSN 1463-9262, E-ISSN 1463-9270, Vol. 10, no 8, p. 832-835Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel lipophilic rhodium catalyst was evaluated in the enantioselective transfer hydrogenation of ketones in water using sodium formate as the hydride donor, and in the presence of sodium docecylsulfonate. Alkyl alkyl ketones were reduced in good yields and in moderate to good enantioselectivities, and the reduction of aryl alkyl ketones proceeded with excellent enantioselectivity (up to 97% ee).

  • 6.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Livendahl, Madeleine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Fine-tuning catalytic activity and selectivity-[Rh(amino acid thioamide)] complexes for efficient ketone reduction2009In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 50, no 46, p. 6321-6324Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amino acid-derived thioamides are prepared and evaluated as ligands in the rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones in 2-propanol. It is found that increasing the steric bulk at the C-terminus of the ligand had a positive impact on both activity and selectivity in the reduction reaction. In order to find the optimum catalyst, a study is performed on a series of thioamide ligands having substituents of varying size.

  • 7.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nordin, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic investigation of enantioswitchable catalysts for asymmetric transfer hydrogenation2010In: Abstracts of Papers, 239th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco , CA, United States, March 21-25, 2010, Washington: American Chemical Society , 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zaitsev, Alexey B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ekström, Jesper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    A Simple and Efficient Catalyst System for the Asymmetric Transfer Hydrogenation of Ketones2007In: Synlett: Accounts and Rapid Communications in Synthetic Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0936-5214, E-ISSN 1437-2096, no 16, p. 2541-2544Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Buitrago, Elina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lundberg, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Andersson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    High Throughput Screening of a Catalyst Library for the Asymmetric Transfer Hydrogenation of Heteroaromatic Ketones: Formal Syntheses of (R)-Fluoxetine and (S)-Duloxetine2012In: ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, E-ISSN 1867-3899, Vol. 4, no 12, p. 2082-2089Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A total of 21 amino acid based ligands including hydroxy amide, thioamide, and hydroxamic acid functionalities, respectively, were combined with [Ru(p-cymene)Cl2]2 and [RhCp*Cl2]2, and used as catalysts for the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of four different heteroaromatic ketones in 2-propanol. The reactions were performed on a Chemspeed automated high-throughput screening robotic platform. Optimal catalysts were identified for the individual heterocyclic substrate classes. Based on these results, the formal syntheses of the antidepressant drugs (R)-fluoxetine and (S)-duloxetine were conducted by using the found catalysts in the key reaction step, which results in high isolated yields (94?%) and excellent product enantioselectivities (>99?% ee) of the formed 1,3-amino alcohols.

  • 10.
    Buitrago, Elina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lundberg, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Andersson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Aztra Zeneca, Global Process R&D, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selective reduction of heteroaromatic ketones: A combinatorial approach2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The enantioselective reduction of prochiral ketones is a most productiveway towards enantio enriched secondary alcohols used in the preparation of biologically active compounds. There are numerous transition metal catalyzed methods for this transformation, particularly based on Ru(II)-and Rh(I)-complexes, but there is a demand for a larger substrate scope. Heteroaromatic ketones are traditionally more challenging substrates. Normally a catalyst is developed for one benchmark substrate, and asubstrate screen is made with the best performing catalyst. Using this methodology, there is a high probability that for different substrates, another catalyst could outperform the one used. We have executed a multiple screen, containing a variety of different ligands together with both Ru and Rh, and heteroaromatic ketones to fine-tune, and find the optimum catalyst depending on the substrate. The acquired information was used to synthesize known, biologically active compounds, where the key reduction steps were performed with high enantioselectivities and yields.

  • 11.
    Buitrago, Elina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Efficient and Selective Hydrosilylation of Carbonyls Catalyzed by Iron Acetate and N-Hydroxyethylimidazolium Salts2012In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 354, no 1, p. 217-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aromatic aldehydes, along with aryl alkyl, heteroaryl alkyl, and dialkyl ketones were efficiently reduced to their corresponding primary and secondary alcohols, respectively, in high yields, using the commercially available and inexpensive polymeric silane, polymethylhydrosiloxane (PMHS), as reducing agent. The reaction is catalyzed by in situ generated iron complexes containing hydroxyethyl-functionalized NHC ligands. Turnover frequencies up to 600 h−1 were obtained

  • 12.
    Buitrago, Elina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zani, Lorenzo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Fe/NHC-catalyzed hydrosilylation of aromatic ketones2009In: Abstracts of Papers, 238th ACS National Meeting, Washington, DC, United States, August 16-20, 2009, Washington, DC: American Chemical Society , 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Buitrago, Elina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zani, Lorenzo
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selective hydrosilylation of ketones catalyzed by in situ-generated iron NHC complexes2011In: Applied organometallic chemistry, ISSN 0268-2605, E-ISSN 1099-0739, Vol. 25, no 10, p. 748-752Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aryl alkyl-, heteroaryl alkyl- and dialkyl ketones were readily reduced to their corresponding secondary alcohols in high yields, using the commercially available and inexpensive polymeric silane polymethylhydrosiloxane (PMHS), as reducing agent. The reaction is catalyzed by an in situ-generated iron complex, conveniently generated from iron(II) acetate and the commercially available N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) precursor IPr·HCl.

  • 14. Coll, Mercedes
    et al.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pamies, Oscar
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dieguez, Montserrat
    Modular Furanoside Pseudodipeptides and Thioamides, Readily Available Ligand Libraries for Metal-Catalyzed Transfer Hydrogenation Reactions: Scope and Limitations2012In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 354, no 2-3, p. 415-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two new highly modular carbohydrate-based, pseudodipeptide and thioamide ligand libraries have been synthesized for the rhodium- and ruthenium-catalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation (ATH) of prochiral ketones. These series of ligands can be prepared efficiently from easily accessible D-xylose and D-glucose. The ligand libraries contain two main ligand structures (pseudodipeptide and thioamide) that have been designed by making systematic modifications to one of the most successful ligand families developed for the ATH. As well as studying the effect of these two ligand structures on the catalytic performance, we also evaluated the effect of modifying several of the ligand parameters. We found that the effectiveness of the ligands at transferring the chiral information in the product can be tuned by correctly choosing the ligand components (ligand structure and ligand parameters). Excellent enantioselectivities (ees up to 99%) were therefore obtained in both enantiomers of the alcohol products using a wide range of substrates.

  • 15. Coll, Mercedes
    et al.
    Pàmies, Oscar
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Diéguez, Montserrat
    Carbohydrate-based pseudo-dipeptides: new ligands for the highly enantioselective Ru-catalyzed transfer hydrogenation reaction2011In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 47, no 44, p. 12188-12190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ruthenium-complexes of novel carbohydrate based pseudo-dipeptide ligands effectively and selectively catalyze the reduction of a broad range of aryl–alkyl ketones under ATH conditions. Excellent enantioselectivities (>99% ee) are obtained using aminosugars as the sole source of chirality.

  • 16.
    Ekström, Jesper
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Wettergren, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    A Simple and Efficient Catalytic Method for the Reduction of Ketones2007In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 349, no 10, p. 1609-1613Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A range of ketones was efficiently reduced in the presence of catalytic amounts of lithium isopropoxide in 2-propanol under microwave heating, with alcohol products being formed in yields up to 99 %.

  • 17.
    Kovalenko, Oleksandr O.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Highly Efficient and Chemoselective Zinc-Catalyzed Hydrosilylation of Esters under Mild Conditions2015In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 2785-2788Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A mild and highly efficient catalytic hydrosilylation protocol for room-temperature ester reductions has been developed using diethylzinc as the catalyst. The methodology is operationally simple, displays high functional group tolerance and provides for a facile access to a broad range of different alcohols in excellent yields.

  • 18.
    Kovalenko, Oleksandr O.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lundberg, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Huebner, Dennis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tandem alpha-Alkylation/Asymmetric Transfer Hydrogenation of Acetophenones with Primary Alcohols2014In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, no 30, p. 6639-6642Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A tandem -alkylation/asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of acetophenones with primary alcohols, mediated by a single ruthenium catalyst, is described. Under optimized reaction conditions and with use of [Ru(p-cymene)Cl-2](2) in combination with an amino acid hydroxyamide ligand, the chiral secondary alcohol products were isolated in moderate yields and in moderate to good enantiomeric excess (up to 89% ee).

  • 19.
    Kovalenko, Oleksandr O.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Volkov, Alexey
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mild and Selective Et2Zn-Catalyzed Reduction of Tertiary Amides under Hydrosilylation Conditions2015In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 446-449Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Diethylzinc (Et2Zn) can be used as an efficient and chemoselective catalyst for the reduction of tertiary amides under mild reaction conditions employing cost-effective polymeric silane (PMHS) as the hydride source. Crucial for the catalytic activity was the addition of a substoichiometric amount of lithium chloride to the reaction mixture. A series of amides containing different additional functional groups were reduced to their corresponding amines, and the products were isolated in good-to-excellent yields.

  • 20.
    Lundberg, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Catalytic α-Alkylation/Reduction of Ketones with Primary Alcohols To Furnish Secondary Alcohols2016In: Synthesis (Stuttgart), ISSN 0039-7881, E-ISSN 1437-210X, Vol. 48, no 5, p. 644-652Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of secondary alcohol products via a tandem -alkylation/transfer hydrogenation of ketones with primary alcohols is a little explored reaction with unrealized potential for green synthesis. This review covers the current literature in the field, including asymmetric versions of the reaction, and outlines future possibilities and challenges for the methodology. 1 Introduction 2 Formation of Racemic Alcohols 3 Formation of Enantiomerically Enriched Alcohols 4 Conclusions

  • 21.
    Lundberg, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ruthenium-catalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones in ethanol2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A ruthenium catalyst formed in situ by combining [Ru(p-cymene)Cl2]2 and an amino acid hydroxy-amide was found to catalyze efficiently the asymmetric reduction of aryl alkyl ketones under transfer hydrogenation conditions using ethanol as the hydrogen donor. The secondary alcohol products were obtained in moderate to good yields and with good to excellent enantioselectivity (up to 97% ee).

  • 22.
    Lundberg, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ruthenium-catalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones in ethanol2011In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 52, no 21, p. 2754-2758Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A ruthenium catalyst formed in situ by combining [Ru(p-cymene)Cl2]2 and an amino acid hydroxy-amide was found to catalyze efficiently the asymmetric reduction of aryl alkyl ketones under transfer hydrogenation conditions using ethanol as the hydrogen donor. The secondary alcohol products were obtained in moderate to good yields and with good to excellent enantioselectivity (up to 97% ee).

  • 23.
    Lundberg, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Direct Amide Coupling of Non-activated Carboxylic Acids and Amines Catalysed by Zirconium(IV) Chloride2012In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 18, no 13, p. 3822-3826Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Lundberg, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Titanium(IV) Isopropoxide as an Efficient Catalyst for Direct Amidation of Nonactivated Carboxylic Acids2012In: Synlett: Accounts and Rapid Communications in Synthetic Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0936-5214, E-ISSN 1437-2096, Vol. 23, no 15, p. 2201-2204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Secondary and tertiary amides are formed in high yields, in an efficient and environmentally benign titanium(IV) isopropoxide catalyzed direct amidation of carboxylic acids with primary and secondary amines.

  • 25.
    Lundberg, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selander, Nicklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Catalytic amide formation from non-activated carboxylic acids and amines2014In: Chemical Society Reviews, ISSN 0306-0012, E-ISSN 1460-4744, Vol. 43, no 8, p. 2714-2742Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The amide functionality is found in a wide variety of biological and synthetic structures such as proteins, polymers, pesticides and pharmaceuticals. Due to the fact that synthetic amides are still mainly produced by the aid of coupling reagents with poor atom-economy, the direct catalytic formation of amides from carboxylic acids and amines has become a field of emerging importance. A general, efficient and selective catalytic method for this transformation would meet well with the increasing demands for green chemistry procedures. This review covers catalytic and synthetically relevant methods for direct condensation of carboxylic acids and amines. A comprehensive overview of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic methods is presented, covering biocatalysts, Lewis acid catalysts based on boron and metals as well an assortment of other types of catalysts.

  • 26. Moberg, Christina
    et al.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Concepts in asymmetric catalysis2012In: Israel Journal of Chemistry, ISSN 0021-2148, Vol. 52, no 7 SI, p. 571-571Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Nordin, Mikael
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    Ahlford, Katrin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Theoretical study of asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones catalyzed by amino acid derived rhodium complexes2012In: ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, E-ISSN 1867-3899, Vol. 4, no 8, p. 1095-1104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Density functional theory calculations are employed to study the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones catalyzed by rhodiumarene complexes containing hydroxamic acid-functionalized amino acid ligands. Firstly, the ligandmetal binding is investigated and it is shown that both the N,N and O,O binding modes Are viable. For each of these, the full free energy profile for the transfer hydrogenation is calculated according to the outer-sphere reaction mechanism. Three factors are demonstrated to influence the stereoselectivity of the process, namely the energy difference between the metalligand binding modes, the energy difference between the intermediate hydrogenated catalyst, and the existence of a stabilizing CHp interaction between the Cp* ligand of the catalyst and the phenyl moiety of the substrate. Theoretical reproduction of the selectivity of a slightly modified ligand that is shown experimentally to yield the opposite enantioselectivity corroborates these results. Finally, a technical observation made is that inclusion of dispersion interactions (using the B3LYP-D2 correction or the M06 functional) proved to be very important for reproducing the enantioselectivity.

  • 28.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kervefors, Gabriella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Umeå University, Sweden.
    An Efficient One-pot Procedure for the Direct Preparation of 4,5-Dihydroisoxazoles from Amides2017In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 359, no 11, p. 1990-1995Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A Mo(CO)(6) (molybdenumhexacarbonyl) catalyzed reductive functionalization of amides to afford 5-amino substituted 4,5-dihydroisoxazoles is presented. The reduction of amides generates reactive enamines, which upon the addition of hydroximinoyl chlorides and base undergoes a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction that gives access to the desired heterocyclic compounds. The transformation of amides is highly chemoselective and tolerates functional groups such as nitro, nitriles, esters, and ketones. Furthermore, a versatile scope of 4,5-dihydroisoxazoles derived from a variety of hydroximinoyl chlorides and amides is demonstrated.

  • 29.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kivijärvi, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bimetallic Catalysis: Asymmetric Transfer Hydrogenation of Sterically Hindered Ketones Catalyzed by Ruthenium and Potassium2015In: ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, E-ISSN 1867-3899, Vol. 7, no 21, p. 3445-3449Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An efficient protocol for the asymmetric reduction of sterically hindered ketones under transfer-hydrogenation conditions was developed. The corresponding chiral alcohols were obtained in good to excellent yields with enantiomeric excess values up to 99%. The role of the cation associated with the base present in the reduction reaction was investigated. In contrast to previous studies on this catalyst system, potassium ions rather than lithium ions significantly enhanced the reaction outcome.

  • 30.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lundberg, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ruthenium-Catalyzed Tandem-Isomerization/Asymmetric Transfer Hydrogenation of Allylic Alcohols2014In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 20, no 49, p. 16102-16106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A one-pot procedure for the direct conversion of racemic allylic alcohols to enantiomerically enriched saturated alcohols is presented. The tandem-isomerization/asymmetric transfer hydrogenation process is efficiently catalyzed by [{Ru(p-cymene)Cl-2}(2)] in combination with the -amino acid hydroxyamide ligand 1, and performed under mild conditions in a mixture of ethanol and THF. The saturated alcohol products are isolated in good to excellent chemical yields and in enantiomeric excess up to 93%.

  • 31.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Volkov, Alexey
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Trillo, Paz
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Umeå University, Sweden.
    Transformation of Amides into Highly Functionalized Triazolines2017In: ACS Catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, E-ISSN 2155-5435, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 1771-1775Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Triazoles and triazolines are important classes of heterocyclic compounds known to exhibit biological activity. Significant focus has been given to the development of synthetic approaches for the preparation of triazoles, and they are today easily obtainable through a large variety of protocols. The number of synthetic procedures for the formation of triazolines, on the other hand, is limited and further research in this field is required. The protocol presented here gives access to a broad scope of 1,4,5-substituted 1,2,3-triazolines through a one-pot transformation of carboxamides. The two-step procedure involves a Mo(CO)6-catalyzed reduction of tertiary amides to afford the corresponding enamines, followed by in situ cycloaddition of organic azides to form triazolines. The amide reduction is chemoselective and allows for a wide variety of functional groups such as esters, ketones, aldehydes, and imines to be tolerated. Furthermore, a modification of this one-pot procedure gives access to the corresponding triazoles. The chemically stable amide functionality is demonstrated to be an efficient synthetic handle for the formation of highly substituted triazolines or triazoles.

  • 32.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ruthenium catalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation employing novel bidentate abnormal NHC ligands2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    N-Heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) have been successfully employed as ligands in iridium, rhodium and ruthenium catalyzed transfer hydrogenation reactions. However, there are few reports on the use of catalysts containing chiral NHC ligands for this particular transformation. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge there are no reports on the use of catalysts based on abnormal NHC ligands in asymmetric transfer hydrogenations. In this work we have prepared novel chiral bidentate NHCs that have the potential for an abnormal binding mode to transitionmetals. Ruthenium complexes of these ligands were employed in the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones in 2-propanol.

  • 33.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lundberg, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Direct Catalytic Formation of Primary and Tertiary Amides from Non-Activated Carboxylic Acids, Employing Carbamates as Amine Source2012In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 354, no 13, p. 2531-2536Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The operationally simple titanium(IV)- or zirconium(IV)-catalyzed direct amidation of non-activated carboxylic acids with ammonium carbamates generates primary, and tertiary N,N-dimethyl-substituted amides in good to excellent yields.

  • 34.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lundberg, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kivijärvi, Tove
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zirconium(IV) Chloride Catalyzed Amide Formation from Carboxylic Acids and Amines: N-Benzyl-2-(phenylthio)acetamide and (S)-tert-butyl-2-(benzylcarbamoyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylateManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stridfeldt, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lundberg, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Metal-Free N-Arylation of Secondary Amides at Room Temperature2015In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 17, no 11, p. 2688-2691Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The arylation of secondary acyclic amides has been achieved with diaryliodonium salts under mild and metal-free conditions. The methodology has a wide scope, allows synthesis of tertiary amides with highly congested aryl moieties, and avoids the regioselectivity problems observed in reactions with (diacetoxyiodo)benzene.

  • 36.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Verho, Oscar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Gustafson, Karl P. J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Efficient Palladium-Catalyzed Aminocarbonylation of Aryl Iodides Using Palladium Nanoparticles Dispersed on Siliceous Mesocellular Foam2014In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 20, no 20, p. 5885-5889Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly dispersed nanopalladium catalyst supported on mesocellular foam (MCF), was successfully used in the heterogeneous catalysis of aminocarbonylation reactions. During the preliminary evaluation of this catalyst it was discovered that the supported palladium nanoparticles exhibited a “release and catch” effect, meaning that a minor amount of the heterogeneous palladium became soluble and catalyzed the reaction, after which it re-deposited onto the support.

  • 37.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Volkov, Alexey
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Chemoselective Reduction of Tertiary Amides under Thermal Control: Formation of either Aldehydes or Amines2016In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 55, no 14, p. 4562-4566Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chemoselective reduction of amides in the presence of other more reactive reducible functional groups is a highly challenging transformation, and successful examples thereof are most valuable in synthetic organic chemistry. Only a limited number of systems have demonstrated the chemoselective reduction of amides over ketones. Until now, the aldehyde functionality has not been shown to be compatible in any catalytic reduction protocol. Described herein is a [Mo(CO)6]-catalyzed protocol with an unprecedented chemoselectivity and allows for the reduction of amides in the presence of aldehydes and imines. Furthermore, the system proved to be tunable by variation of the temperature, which enabled for either C−O or C−N bond cleavage that ultimately led to the isolation of both amines and aldehydes, respectively, in high chemical yields.

  • 38.
    Trillo, Paz
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Umeå University, Sweden.
    Facile preparation of pyrimidinediones and thioacrylamides via reductive functionalization of amides2017In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 53, no 65, p. 9159-9162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of an efficient protocol for the reductive functionalization of amides into pyrimidinediones and amino-substituted thioacrylamides is presented. Enamines are generated in a highly chemoselective amide hydrosilylation reaction catalyzed by molybdenum hexacarbonyl in combination with 1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane. The direct addition of either isocyanate or isothiocyanate generates the corresponding pyrimidinediones and 3-aminothioacrylamides in high yields.

  • 39.
    Trillo, Paz
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Umeå University, Sweden.
    Mild Reductive Functionalization of Amides into N-Sulfonylformamidines2017In: ChemistryOpen, ISSN 2191-1363, Vol. 6, p. 484-487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of a protocol for the reductive functionalization of amides into N-sulfonylformamidines is reported. The one-pot procedure is based on a mild catalytic reduction of tertiary amides into the corresponding enamines by the use of Mo(CO)6 (molybdenum hexacarbonyl) and TMDS (1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane). The formed enamines were allowed to react with sulfonyl azides to give the target compounds in moderate to good yields.

  • 40.
    Volkov, Alexey
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Buitrago, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Direct Hydrosilylation of Tertiary Amides to Amines by an In Situ Formed Iron/N-Heterocyclic Carbene Catalyst2013In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, no 11, p. 2066-2070Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tertiary amides were efficiently reduced to their corresponding tertiary amines in high isolated yields by using the commercially available and inexpensive polymeric silane polymethylhydrosiloxane (PMHS) as the reducing agent. The reaction is efficiently catalyzed by an in situ generated iron/N-heterocyclic carbene complex (1 mol-%) obtained from iron(II) acetate and 1-(2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl)-3-methylimidazolium triflate ([PhHEMIM][OTF]). A catalytic amount of lithium chloride (1 mol-%) present in the reaction mixture significantly reduced the reaction time and increased the chemoselectivity of the reduction process.

  • 41.
    Volkov, Alexey
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Catalytic Reductive Dehydration of Tertiary Amides to Enamines under Hydrosilylation Conditions2014In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 680-683Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tertiary amides are efficiently reduced to their corresponding enamines under hydrosilylation conditions, using a transition-metal-free catalytic protocol based on t-BuOK (5 mol %) and (MeO)(3)SiH or (EtO)(3)SiH as the reducing agent. The enamines were formed with high selectivity in good-to-excellent yields.

  • 42.
    Volkov, Alexey
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pershagen, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mo(CO)6 catalysed chemoselective hydrosilylation of alpha,beta-unsaturated amides for the formation of allylamines2014In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 50, no 93, p. 14508-14511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Molybdenum hexacarbonyl (Mo(CO)(6)) was used as an efficient catalyst for the chemoselective reduction of the amide functionality in alpha,beta-unsaturated compounds, under hydrosilylation conditions using 1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane (TMDS) as the hydride source.

  • 43.
    Volkov, Alexey
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stagbrand, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Trillo, Paz
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Chemoselective reduction of carboxamides2016In: Chemical Society Reviews, ISSN 0306-0012, E-ISSN 1460-4744, Vol. 45, no 24, p. 6685-6697Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The reduction of amides gives access to a wide variety of important compounds such as amines, imines, enamines, nitrites, aldehydes and alcohols. The chemoselective transformation into these functional groups is challenging due to the intrinsic stability of the amide bond; nevertheless, the ability to reduce highly stable carboxamides selectively in the presence of sensitive functional groups is of high synthetic value for academic and industrial chemists. Hydride-based reagents such as LiAlH4 or diboranes are today the most commonly used compounds for amide reductions, and apart from the substantial amount of waste generated using these methods, they lack tolerance to most other functional groups. This tutorial review provides an overview of the recent progress made in the development of chemoselective protocols for amide reduction and gives an insight to their advantages and drawbacks.

  • 44.
    Wettergren, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Buitrago, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic Investigation on the Asymmetric Transfer Hydrogenation of Ketones Catalyzed by Pseudo-Dipeptides Ruthenium complexes2009In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 15, no 23, p. 5709-5718Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lithium-powered: A kinetic investigation into the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of non-activated aryl alkyl ketones, catalyzed by N-Boc-protected -amino acid hydroxyamide ruthenium–arene complexes, has revealed that the reactions proceed through an unprecedented bimetallic outer-sphere mechanism. Under optimized conditions, these catalysts provide access to secondary alcohols in high yields and with excellent enantioselectivities (>99 % ee).

    The combination of N-Boc-protected -amino acid hydroxyamides (pseudo-dipeptides) and [{Ru(p-cymene)Cl2}2] resulted in the formation of superior catalysts for the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation (ATH) of non-activated aryl alkyl ketones in propan-2-ol. The overall kinetics of the ATH of acetophenone to form 1-phenylethanol in the presence of ruthenium pseudo-dipeptide catalysts were studied, and the individual rate constants for the processes were determined. Addition of lithium chloride to the reaction mixtures had a strong influence on the rates and selectivities of the processes. Kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) for the reduction were determined and the results clearly show that the hydride transfer is rate-determining, whereas no KIEs were detected for the proton transfer. From these observations a novel bimetallic outer-sphere-type mechanism for these ATH process is proposed, in which the bifunctional catalysts mediate the transfer of a hydride and an alkali metal ion between the hydrogen donor and the substrate. Furthermore, the use of a mixture of propan-2-ol and THF (1:1) proved to enhance the rates of the ATH reactions. A series of aryl alkyl ketones were reduced under these conditions in the presence of 0.5 mol % of catalyst, and the corresponding secondary alcohols were formed in high yields and with excellent enantioselectivities (>99 % ee) in short reaction times.

  • 45.
    Wettergren, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Buitrago, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic investigations into the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones catalyzed by pseudo-dipeptide ruthenium complexes2009In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 15, no 23, p. 5709-5718Article in journal (Refereed)
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