Change search
Refine search result
12 1 - 50 of 67
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the 'Create feeds' function.
  • 1.
    Hentati, Jannete
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    En lektion i gemenskap: Ordning och (o)reda bland lärare i Malmö och Marseille2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This ethnographic study is based on comparative fieldwork among teachers at secondary schools in two southern situated cities in Europe: Malmö in Sweden and Marseille in France. The focus of the study is on how teachers make sense of and grapple with their mission to build and foster “good” citizens, which is intended to promote national community and unity. Exploring how the teachers strive and struggle to fulfil this mission provides a better insight into the ideas and practices that permeate their work. At the same time, the everyday tensions that occasionally complicate this task are highlighted. A crucial observation in this study is that teachers in both Sweden and France often find themselves confined to a kind of cross-pressure. Enclosed within it, teachers are torn between, on the one hand, endeavouring to reach certain visions and goals regarding how to instil a sense of national community in their pupils and, on the other, being confronted with an irregular and often far from pliable reality. This study shows how teachers are dealing with this cross-pressure, how – in case of hurdles and friction in their work – they try to maintain order in what they perceive and experience as being a state of great disorder in relation to their educational mission. The thesis contributes to increased knowledge of teachers’ lived professional experiences and situated practices in their day-to-day work. It also brings to light a problematising discussion about the role and importance that teachers expect themselves to play in relation to an overall idea of national community and unity in Sweden and France respectively.

  • 2.
    Mengiste, Tekalign Ayalew
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Struggle for Mobility: Risk, hope and community of knowledge in Eritrean and Ethiopian migration pathways towards Sweden2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of the ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Sweden, Italy, Sudan and Ethiopia during 2013–2015, this study examines the motivations, organizations and impact of overland migratory journeys from Ethiopia and Eritrea across the Sahara Desert and Mediterranean Sea to Sweden. The analysis involves the exploring of how migrants strive to prepare, manage and survive the multiple risks and structural barriers they encounter: the exits from Eritrea and Ethiopia, negotiations and contacts with various brokers and facilitators, organized crime and violence, restrictive border controls, passage through the Desert and high Sea and finally, ‘managing the asylum system in Sweden’. Further, it maps how the process of contemporary refugee mobility and multiple transitions is facilitated by the entanglement of transnational social relations and smuggling practices. The study argues for a perspective wherein migration journeys are embedded in and affected by the process of dynamic intergenerational, translocal and transnational social relations, material practices and knowledge productions. It depicts how practices and facilitations of irregular migratory mobility reproduce collective knowledge that refugees mobilize to endure risks during their journey, establishing a community and creating a home after arriving at the destination location.

  • 3.
    Pollack Sarnecki, Hannah
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Favela Funk – Ways of Being Young in the Urban Peripheries of Rio de Janeiro2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, funk music produced in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro has been travelling the world as a genre of contemporary cool. Construed as both hip and authentic and consumed globally, it has become a political and commercial asset in the nation’s rise to economic dominance and in Rio’s campaign to become a global city. In Brazil, however, favela funk draws the boundaries between the shanty towns of the urban margins, where it remains a social practice, and the state, by which it is condemned and sometimes prohibited for lyrics that allude to violence in an alleged glorification of gang power. This dissertation is an ethnographic inquiry into social life and power relations in one of the favelas of Rio de Janeiro. It tells the story of how a drug-dealing faction challenges the sovereignty of the state on its turf by means of both arms and the control and distribution of pleasure and fun. Funk, in this account, emerges as an immensely popular social practice and thus an instrument of drug-dealing power. By treating violence and the sexually explicit as both unifying and fragmenting in the social dynamics of this place, the dissertation uncovers the paths that favela youth tread in the context of severe poverty, vulnerability and limited access to state institutions and formal employment.

  • 4.
    Pan, Darcy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Laboring Through Uncertainty: an ethnography of the Chinese state, labor NGOs, and development2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to understand how international development projects supporting labor activism work in contemporary China. It focuses on the lived experiences of and relationships among a group of grassroots⁠ labor NGOs in the province of Guangdong, South China; intermediary NGOs in Hong Kong; and Western funding agencies that try to bring about social change in postsocialist China where the political climate is still highly restrictive and the limits of the state’s tolerance for activism are ambiguous and uncertain. Foregrounding the notion of uncertainty, this study investigates how state control is exercised by examining a specific logic of practices, discourses, and a mode of existence that constantly mask and unmask the state. More specifically, this study explores how the uncertainty about the boundaries of permissible activism is generative of a sociopolitical realm in which variously positioned subjects mobilize around the idea of the state, which in turn leads to articulations and practices conducive to both self-censorship and a contingent space of activism. Viewed as such, the idea of uncertainty becomes an enabler through which certain kinds of practices, relationships, and networks are made possible and enacted, and through which a sociopolitical realm of intimacy is constituted by and constitutive of these relationships, networks, and practices. Situated in the domain of uncertainty, this study examines the ways in which uncertainty, both as an analytical idea and an ontological existence, produces an intimate space where labor activists not only effectively self-censor but also skillfully map the gray zone between the relatively safe and the unacceptably risky choices.

  • 5.
    Schwabe, Siri
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Promised Lands: Memory, Politics, and Palestinianness in Santiago de Chile2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a comprehensive attempt to grapple with diasporic Palestinianness in Santiago de Chile. Based on long-term fieldwork from 2013 to 2014 within Palestinian-Chilean networks, organizations, and places it explores how an inherently political Palestinianness is constituted, expressed and explored via memory on the one hand and processes related to space and place on the other. Palestinianness is employed here as a concept that captures all that goes into maintaining a Palestinian presence in Santiago. Rather than a fixed category, Palestinianness is something that works and is worked upon in ways that are inseparable from, in this case, the context of lived life in the Chilean capital. It is a host of experiences and practices that cannot be neatly separated, but that are constantly weaved together in steadily recurrent, but sometimes disruptive and surprising patterns. By interrogating Palestinianness within the distinct context of present-day Santiago, the thesis unsettles and reconfigures conceptualizations of the relationship between memory, space, and politics. It does so by delving into the ambiguities at play in Palestinian-Chilean relationships to the often uncomfortable memory politics of post-dictatorship and the ongoing Palestinian struggle respectively. To shed light on the dynamics at play, transmemory is introduced as a concept that seeks to capture the spatial and spatially mobile qualities of memory. The thesis argues that by engaging with traveling memories of life and conflict in the old land and simultaneously rejecting involvement with continuously troubling memories of the recent Chilean past, Palestinian-Chileans form a collective politics of Palestinianness that is nonetheless distinctly marked by an inescapable Chileanness.

  • 6.
    Gullberg, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Republic of Difference: Feminism and anti-racism in the Parisian banlieues2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is an ethnographic study of three political groups in the Parisian banlieues: Ni putes ni soumises, AFRICA and Mouvement des indigènes de la République. These groups espouse both feminist and antiracist politics in theory, yet in practice tend to privilege either a feminist or  antiracist position and end up in opposition to each other. To explain why, the thesis locates their respective politics within French colonial heritage, French secularism (laïcité), and current politics surrounding Muslims in France, especially Muslim women in the banlieues. The thesis draws on anthropological theory, feminist theory, intersectionality, and post-colonial studies. 

  • 7.
    Leivestad, Hege Høyer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Lives on Wheels: Caravan Homes in Contemporary Europe2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the public imaginary the caravan has time and again been associated with stigmatised groups in society. Nevertheless, this vehicle-home has held a visible position in Western Europe’s leisure landscape in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries as a potent symbol of working-class tourism. But what happens when presumably mobile caravans are used for long-term and full-time ‘static’ housing? Based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted on campsites in Spain and Sweden, as well as within the camping industry, this study depicts how the caravan and the campsite’s ambiguous material qualities both come to fit and to challenge conventional domestic ideals. Among lower-middle-class and working-class Europeans, a growing use of mobile dwellings is closely related to issues concerning lifestyle changes and retirement and ideal notions of domestic downsizing. The thesis thus tunes in on what is identified as an emergence of an alternative housing form in a Western European context, wherein materiality and mobility become interrelated through a temporal, spatial and social notion of potential mobility. By addressing how the caravan, as a potentially mobile domestic form, produces specific spatiotemporal imaginations and practices, this thesis demonstrates how it furthermore comes to be incorporated into a multifaceted withdrawal to a ‘good life’ in times of uncertainty.

  • 8.
    Tunestad, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Therapeutization of Work: The Psychological Toolbox as Rationalization Device during the Third Industrial Revolution in Sweden2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The organization of work in the Western welfare states has made use of psychological know-how since the early twentieth century, for instance by making the practices of ‘psychotechnics’ and ‘human relations’ a part of the production apparatus. The last decades, however, have seen the development of a new economy based on information and communication technologies and with a related shift in organizational ideals from large hierarchical structures to networks of self-governing units – a change sometimes labelled the third industrial revolution. This development has meant new possibilities for the deployment of psychological knowledge in organizational management.

    The present study takes as its geographical starting point the greater Stockholm area in Sweden. Through a variant of multi-sited fieldwork it investigates the distribution of psychological know-how in and through different institutions – such as school, work life, health care – by which the average ‘worker-citizen’ is supposed to acquire a ‘psychological toolbox’, thus becoming a kind of amateur psychologist or therapist, ready and able to take responsibility for his or her own productivity, well-being and health. The study depicts this ideal of psychological self-regulation: its discourse and practices, and how it emerged as a part of the technological and organizational developments of the third industrial revolution.

  • 9.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Watermarks: Urban Flooding and Memoryscape in Argentina2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between social experience and action in the context of recurrent disasters is often thought of in terms of adaptation. This study problematises this assumption from an anthropological perspective by analysing the memoryscape that mediates past experiences of disasters. The inquiry is based on translocal and transtemporal ethnographic fieldwork conducted in 2004-2011 in the flood-prone city of Santa Fe in Argentina. The study examines how past flooding is remembered by flood victims in the middle- and low-income districts and by activists of the protest movement that emerged in the wake of the 2003 flood. It deals with flood memory in the local bureaucracy, in local historiography, myths and popular culture. The analysis reveals that the Santafesinian flood memoryscape is dynamically configured by evocative, reminiscent and commemorative modes of remembering, which are expressed in multiple forms, ranging from memorials and rituals to bureaucratic documents, infrastructure and everyday practices. The study addresses the relationship between memory, morality and social inequality and discusses the implications for questions regarding vulnerability, resilience and adaptation.

  • 10.
    Nilsson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Conserving the American Dream: Faith and Politics in the U.S. Heartland2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent decades have seen substantial changes in the U.S. political landscape. One particularly significant development has been the growing influence of a conservative coalition encompassing evangelical Christianity, interventionist foreign policy and neoliberal reform. This study explores the force and internal dynamics of this political assemblage. Based on fieldwork among conservative voters, volunteers and candidates in a small city in northwestern Ohio during a midterm election year, it probes the energy of conservative politics, its modes of attachment and influence, and the organizational forms through which it circulates. Contemporary conservative politics are shown to be centered on a particular epistemological intuition: that to be able to act, one must believe in something. This intuition implies an actively affirmative stance toward “beliefs” and “values.” The study also addresses methodological and analytical challenges that conservative politics pose for anthropological inquiry. It develops a “conversational” analytical attitude, arguing that in order to understand the lasting influence conservatism one has to take seriously the problems that it is oriented toward.

  • 11.
    Galli, Raoul
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Varumärkenas fält: Produktion av erkännande i Stockholms reklamvärld2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Field of Brands asks questions such as: How is recognition awarded in Stockholm's advertising world? How do advertising producers sell this recognition to their clients? What kind of recognition are state-owned buyers of advertising seeking through their collaboration with award-winning elite advertising agencies? Opposed to the popular notion that advertising "mirrors society", a basic assumption in this study is that advertising primarily reflects the social world that creates it, i.e. the advertising world. The argument being that it is the members of this microcosm whose ideas about society advertising primarily reflects – although only after having been refracted through a field. The question is therefore how this field is socially and mentally structured. The vantage point is a globally active U.S. advertising firm’s Stockholm office, where daily participant observations have been conducted during one year of fieldwork.

  • 12.
    Sarajeva, Katja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Lesbian Lives: Sexuality, Space and Subculture in Moscow2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an exploration of the lesbian subculture in Russia focusing in particular on the subculture as a unique heterogeneous space of social interaction and cultural production that is not self contained or isolated from mainstream society, but incorporates a variety of cultural flows and traditions that are a part of Russian mainstream culture, other Russian subcultures, or global cultural flows. Some of these cultural flows and traditions are more compatible than other ones.

    The increasingly globalized images and ideas of what a gay and lesbian community is, or perhaps should be like, are only partially compatible with contemporary reality in Russia. The high value placed on visibility and explicitly political, even radical activism, in gay and lesbian subcultures in the West, must in Russia be reconciled not only with the totalitarian past, and the increasingly authoritarian present, but also with the traditions and practices that developed as a response to the repressive regime and enabled people to live and even thrive within it. Using private spaces as public space, and public space as private space established a practice of multilayered spaces that are continuously maintained through social inclusion and exclusion, visibility and invisibility.

    However, the subculture is not only an intersection of external cultural flows and traditions, it also has it’s own unique traditions, knowledges and practices. Poetry, music, literature and art form the backbone of the flow of activities within the subculture. Visual and grammatical cues, styles, jokes and lesbian genders are integral aspects of the subculture as it is continuously renegotiated by its participants also on an individual level..

    The study is based on fieldwork, participant observation and interviews, mainly in Moscow, and to some extent in St Petersburg, during 2005 with recurring visits during 2006 and 2007.

  • 13.
    Larssen, Urban
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Call for Protection: Situating Journalists in Post-Cold War Romania in a Global Media Development Discourse2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the development of journalism in post-Cold War Romania, and it does so with a particular interest in the transnational dimension this entails.

    Many NGOs and international organizations are currently seeking to monitor journalists’ situations in countries around the world, while at the same time aiming at having the whole world aligned with international standards of the journalistic profession. Much attention is put on the safety of individual journalists and on the need to protect them from both legal and physical harm. Reports are continuously launched, frequently worded to impart a sense of emergency, effectively linking putative universal values of journalism with the image of vulnarable journalists carrying out dangerous work for the benefit of large publics.

    Romania is a fertile place for this kind of global activism, partly due to the country’s totalitarian past and to what many commentators see as an unfulfilled process of democratization where powerful media owners and executives influence journalistic standards with business interests foremost in mind, and where harassments of journalists have been on the rise during the last decade.

    By combining an ethnographic account of the journalism field with an exploration of how global media development activities are operating in contemporary Romania, the prime question of the thesis is how journalism is constructed and made meaningful in a transnational context.

    The study is based on ethnographic material collected during the period of 2000-2002 among journalists and NGO activists in Bucharest, Romania.

  • 14.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Illegal yet Licit: Justifying Informal Purchases of Work in Contemporary Sweden2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Svart arbete, informal purchases of work, is a widely debated societal phenomenon in Sweden. It is often seen as detrimental to contemporary welfare society, eroding taxpaying morals, fair competition and solidarity with fellow citizens. Acknowledged as wrong, it is in many instances also an acceptable and commonplace exchange practice. This study addresses this incongruity and aims to show how these inconspicuous exchanges of work are distinguished in terms of legality and licitness.

    Methodologically, the study is based on ethnographic interviews with a group of people in all walks of life, who have their roots in a small town in southern Sweden. In the midst of life and work, they address situations where living in accordance with moral standards becomes difficult. The study aims to illuminate multifaceted reasonings about the illegal but licit purchases made and how people make sense and meaning of them in retrospect and in the larger context of societal economy. The ways in which these purchases of svart arbete are justified illustrate inherent tensions in contemporary welfare society.

    Purchases of svart arbete are often justified as rational economic decisions in terms of being cheap and simple. The study shows that purchasing work informally is not only a rational economic decision, but can also be the result of resolving necessities in daily life due to societal bottlenecks and/or probing tax legislation. As an economic phenomenon, these purchases are therefore not seen as set apart from the formal structures of the Swedish economy, but as co-existing with them. Justifying the illegal but licit svart arbete, purchasers are seen to emphasise a reciprocal relationship with the provider of the work and also with the state. In this way, a sense of balance and justice is achieved.

  • 15.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Orientalisk dans i Stockholm: Femininiteter, möjligheter och begränsningar2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the dissertation is to describe and analyze the practice and meaning of Middle Eastern dance through the study of a number of performers in Stockholm. In particular, this study emphasises the ways in which the performers seek, create and defend values such as femininity, authenticity, empowerment and respectability in and through their dancing.

    Data for this study consists of field notes from participant observation in dance classes, festivals and gatherings; in-depth interviews and written material, such as leaflets and Internet material. Field notes from a trip to Lebanon with a group of Swedish dancers are also included.

    The performance of Middle Eastern dance in Stockholm may be seen as a way for Swedish women to find new femininities. They strive to combine a glamorous hyper-femininity with strength and respectability. This is a difficult task. The dancers constantly have to maintain a balance. While enjoying the hyper-femininity of oriental dance they must avoid being too sexy and thereby running the risk of being reduced to the position of sexual objects. To avoid losing control of the situation performing in public the dancers use different tactics. Many try to make the performance a clearly bounded event and make distinctions between themselves as individuals and the personas they embody on stage. This gives the performers a chance to playfully embody hyper-femininity. Other dancers have changed the dance itself, removing all movements and costumes that could be perceived as sexually inviting or aiming to please.

  • 16.
    Hedblom, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    "The Body is Made to Move": Gym and Fitness Culture in Sweden2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ideas about "exercise" and "health" have varied over time and across cultures. With the recent Euro-American fitness trend, a growing number of Swedes now take part in some kind of physical activity at Gyms or Fitness Centers. By applying a phenomenological and constructivist approach, the aim of this ethnographic study is to examine the non-profit but also commercial culture of and around this form of exercise. The focus is on how meaning is created, transformed, embodied, and perceived by gym goers as truth, science, knowledge, or even myth. There are two central overlapping concerns in this thesis, both dealing with the interrelation between categories, and status positions. The first part of the thesis deals with the social aspects of movement, such as the definition and categorization of self and others as different types of gym-goers. Related to this are also what is termed critical norms of interpretation of aims and reasons for exercise, such as gaining strength or aesthetic improvement. The other central concern is more specifically focused on the body itself and deals with ideas about exercise, diet, substances, and physiology, that is, how to exercise and how the body works. "The body is made to move", was a common saying at Gyms and Centers, meaning that the human body is physically built to be active. But the techniques and practices of how this movement is performed vary and are sometimes even contradictory. Here sources in the distribution of ideas about the body and body movement are brought out: the Internet, informal and formal instructors in the Gym, as well as gym machines. The method has been participant observation and in-depth interviews with gym goers and instructors at Gyms and Fitness Centers in two middle size towns in Sweden mainly during a year in 2004-2005. Rather than taking sides in the debate on how to exercise, this thesis raises wider questions about the authority to define reality.

  • 17.
    Frisell Ellburg, Ann
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Ett fåfängt arbete: Möten med modeller i den svenska modeindustrin2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study of the working life of fashion models in the Swedish Fashion Industry based on 18 months of ethnographic fieldwork among a network of female and male models in Stockholm. It charts the development of the modelling business in Sweden and locates it within the changing labour market of late capitalism. The study highlights the paradoxes and contradictions of the modelling profession, which provides both extraordinary career opportunities but is also full of risks and temptations, especially for young female models. Unlike many other studies of the model business, the working lives of male models and the particular challenges they face also receive attention. Two main theoretical areas are examined in this book. One deals with the fact that a model’s body is a sexualized commodity in the market. The ability to project a sexual image at work can enhance a model’s career, but this sexualization and objectification is experienced as problematic by male and female models alike, although for different reasons. In the case of women, it involves the need to appear respectable; while for men attempting to live up to heteronormative expectations of masculinity is continually challenged in a profession coded as ‘female’. A solution employed by many models is to create a professional mask or job-persona, that is detached from what they regard as their inner or authentic self. The issue of authenticity emerges as an important concern for many models and is a theme that runs through the entire thesis. A second theoretical area is the power relations that structure the modelling business, including the relationship between fashion models and model agencies, stylists, and photographers. How models manage these power relations in the form of emotional labour, compromises, or even by occasional challenges to authority is illuminated in the study.

  • 18.
    Viktorin, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Exercising Peace: Conflict Preventionism, Neoliberalism, and the New Military2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes the changing role of the military as a starting point for exploring a set of broader ongoing processes at the intersection of security and humanitarianism. The focus is on one particular assemblage, described here as conflict preventionism. This notion brings together the transformation of the military, the proliferation of civil-military cooperation, and the increasing interest in managing and preventing violent conflicts within a single framework. As such, conflict preventionism helps render visible how various actors, concepts, and organizational techniques converge in emergent forms of intervention.

    The research was carried out during the planning, execution, and evaluation of Viking 03, a civil-military exercise organized in 2003 by the Swedish Armed Forces. An examination of Viking 03 evinces intriguing resemblances between conflict preventionism and organizational facets of neoliberalism, epitomized by increasingly ubiquitous concepts such as “partnership,” “transparency,” and “evaluation.” Also, it shows that conflict preventionism does not settle on one particular understanding of conflict, but rather imposes directionality on contemporary engagements with the world.

  • 19.
    Sörensdotter, Renita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Omsorgsarbete i omvandling: Genus, klass och etnicitet inom hemtjänsten2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hemtjänstyrket är ett yrke i förändring. Arbetet har allt sedan hemtjänsten startade sin verksamhet 1950 framför allt utförts av vita svenska medelålders kvinnor med bakgrund i arbetarklassen. De som arbetar inom hemtjänsten idag har dock varierande ursprung, kön, klassbakgrund och ålder. Denna avhandling syftar till att belysa hur diskurser om genus, sexualitet, etnicitet och klass bidrar till att möjliggöra och begränsa hemtjänstpersonalens yrkesroll och arbetsvillkor. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna utgörs av queerfeministiska teorier med fokus på hur olika diskurser samverkar i subjektets positionsbestämning. Det empiriska materialet har tagits fram genom deltagande observation och intervjuer med två hemtjänstgrupper. Den ena gruppen består av vita svenska kvinnor med arbetarklassbakgrund boende i en bruksort i Dalarna. Den andra gruppen arbetar i Stockholms innerstad och består av en blandning av människor utifrån kön, etnicitet, klass och utbildningsnivå. I avhandlingen visas att hemtjänstgruppernas sammansättning påverkar deras arbetsvillkor. I den enkönade gruppen utformar kvinnorna homosociala relationer som ger dem utrymme att skämta om män samtidigt som de enas genom att beklaga sin genusbaserade underordning i samhället. I den blandade gruppen formar männen homosociala relationer sinsemellan och bekräftar sin heterosexualitet och överordning gentemot kvinnor genom skämt om kvinnor. I gruppen överordnas de svenska männen kvinnorna och männen med utomnordiskt ursprung. I det direkta arbetet med vårdtagarna utgör dock svenska kvinnor norm, övriga omsorgsarbetare måste omförhandla sin position utifrån normen. I enlighet med den offentliga jämställdhetsdiskursen uppvärderas män och många önskar sig fler män i yrket. Etnisk mångfald tas däremot upp som ett problem. Trots förändringarna inom hemtjänsten kvarstår att personalens kroppsliga och emotionella arbete inte värderas som en kompetens beroende på att kunskapen kopplas samman med kvinnor.

  • 20.
    Nyqvist, Anette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Opening the Orange Envelope: Reform and Responsibility in the Remaking of the Swedish National Pension System2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A national pension system, like most large government policies, does many things, some of which involve governing the population and steering citizens in certain directions. This study, on the transformation of Sweden’s national pension system, sheds light on who the actors involved at different sites and levels in the policy process are, what they do, and how they do it. By mapping out the policy process - and the actors, practices and technologies involved - the workings of new forms of governance come into focus. Of particular interest is the way policy-making works as a governing tool in the contemporary Swedish welfare state. On a broader level, this study is concerned with how new forms of governance may alter the roles of, as well as affect the relationship between, state and citizen.

    At the core of the study are the new forms of governance that are being brought forward in contemporary welfare state restructuring in which the logic, language and practices of the market are given increased salience also within the realm of government. Sweden’s new national pension system is seen as a ‘political technology’ with the power to transform society through its subjects; the citizens. The study shows how a set of interconnected technologies within the construction of the new national pension scheme brings about processes of both depoliticization and responsibilization.

    Anthropological fieldwork was carried out among politicians, experts, technocrats, bureaucrats, government information personnel as well as among ‘ordinary’ citizens in an attempt to study ‘all the way through’ a policy process with significance to the ongoing transformation of the Swedish welfare state.

  • 21.
    Bartholdson, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    From Slaves to Princes: The role of NGOs in the construction of race and ethnicity in Salvador, Brazil2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Global forms and changes affect all spheres of human life-worlds; not least how we interpret and create systems of meaning in our respective habitats. A merging of global and local reflections and actions often causes ideological transformations and discursive shifts. Issues of race and the plight of the Afro-Brazilian population, for example, have come to the forefront of public debate in Brazil during the last decade. One of the main architects behind this discursive shift is the Afro-Brazilian movement, which by and large is comprised of numerous so-called NGOs. The Afro-Brazilian movement writ large, is greatly affected by the transnational flow of financial resources, information and people emanating from Western donors and the transnational Afro-Diaspora network. Ideologies of race and ethnicity are re-contextualized, replacing the previous focus on class in Brazil, and thus creating new frameworks of interpretation at national and local levels. This dissertation is focused on three NGOs in the city of Salvador, each situated on a different socio-economic level within the Afro-Brazilian movement. It is argued that the articulation of Afro-Brazilian identity and authenticity is very much in the ascendant, spurred by the dynamic interaction among organizations within the Afro-Brazilian movement on the one hand and by the relationships these movement organizations develop with external actors - state agencies, donors and foreign activists - on the other. Of particular interest is how each of the organizations is affected by and reacts to questions related to class, gender, location, donors’ expectations, leaders’ ambitions and interventions by foreign activists.

  • 22.
    Nordin, Lissa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Man ska ju vara två: Män och kärlekslängtan i norrländsk glesbygd2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis deals with single, middle-aged heterosexual men in northern Sweden and their search for contact with women. It is based on two years of fieldwork in the sparsely populated inland area of Västerbotten. The study focuses on normative heterosexual love and the heterosexual couple and their significance for the creation of male heterosexual gender. The study takes us to the heart of normative heterosexuality, namely how romantic love ought to be practised to be considered true and correct, what the preconditions are for it and who has the opportunity for and the ‘right’ to it. Theoretically, the study is inspired by queer theory, feminism, the anthropology of gender and sexuality, and cultural geography. A central theme is place and its significance for sexuality. The book pays specific attention to how men create and enact heterosexuality in a sparsely populated area. It contributes with an ethnographic account of love, emotion and sexuality among (heterosexual) men in a western rural context. The thesis demonstrates the central link between traditional gender and heterosexuality. It is only through a ‘real’ loving relationship with the ‘right’ woman that men can achieve a complete male gender and be regarded as adult persons with a future. Those who fail in the task risk becoming ‘old boys’ in the periphery of the heteronormative. Almost all the men in the study had accepted the demands of heteronormativity. As a result, some men, in their effort to build a couple, travelled to Russia to meet women. They thereby risked trading one stereotype for another, the exploitative male who buys sex and is incapable of having a relationship based on equality with a ‘modern’ woman.

  • 23.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Med facit i hand: Normalitet, elevskap och vänlig maktutövning i två svenska skolor2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the socialisation of schoolchildren and how normality is learned and managed in two Swedish school classes. The Swedish school is, according to the "Curriculum for the compulsory school system, the pre-school class and the leisure-time centre", the Lpo94, based on democratic values and respect for the individual. In accordance with these values socialisation of the pupil is, as the thesis argues, accomplished through “benevolent government” by the teachers. To enable this governmentality, the pupil needs to learn how to be him or her “self” according to norms about how the “self” is to be expressed. The pupil also needs to learn how to balance multiple relations in school and the different aspects that constitutes the social person. Benevolent government is here used as a description of a certain kind of teacher-hood dependent on a certain kind of pupil. The pupil-subject that is constructed is a subordinated, self inspecting, positive, empathic person who will approve of being governed by the teachers through the governing of them selves.

    The study is based on fieldwork with one pre-school class and one fifth grade class in the Swedish compulsory school during the period from August 1999 to June 2002.

  • 24.
    Thedvall, Renita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Eurocrats at Work: Negotiating Transparency in Postnational Employment Policy2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the European Union political visions of a ‘Social Europe’ are being fuelled by the creation of common EU employment and social policy. The aim of the study is to investigate the workings and dynamics of policy-making in the area of employment, as an integral part of the fashioning of the European Union. Policies are channels for the cultural flows of ideas and notions and are in this way a part of forming ‘society’.

    The study is an ethnography of the work of bureaucrats in the European Union institutions and the member state governments, in particular in the European Commission and the Swedish government. In this bureaucratic culture of policy-making the Eurocrats move between different EU meetings to negotiate, discuss and decide on common ‘EU’ positions, in this way creating a postnational EU.

    At the core of the study is the tracing of the policy process of framing the vision of ‘Social Europe’ by the notion of ‘quality in work’. Particular focus is placed on turning this idea into ‘quality in work’ indicators. More specifically, the study explores the processes of making policy decisions quantifiable and transparent, and the assumptions underlying these processes. The development of indicators may be seen as part of a general global trend responding to demands for accountability, transparency and control over policy processes, a trend labelled audit society or audit cultures.

  • 25.
    Alm, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The un/selfish leader: Changing notions in a Tamil Nadu village2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    'The un/selfish' leader explores notions of selfishness, as they were perceived by people in the village of Ekkaraiyur, Tamil Nadu, India, at a time they associated with thorough changes in their lives.

    Discussing locally held notions about agrarian change, seen as causing the erosion of earlier village loyalties and leading to the emergence of a new type of leaders, the study focus on the censure of the alleged corruption of these leaders. Expressed in a rich repertoire of stories about the ideals of leadership and about the excellence of the past and foreign societies, the censure was routinely voiced in public debates and in everyday conversations.

    Set against a background an increasing role of the state for the people in Ekkaraiyur, the censure of leaders implied a critique of the contemporary society they were taken to represent. Moreover, the study argues that the critique was grounded in evaluations of individualism and selfishness in human nature.

    The study is based on fieldwork carried out in Ekkaraiyur between 1988 and 1990

  • 26.
    Larsson, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    'When Women Unite!': The Making of the Anti-Liquor Movement in Andhra Pradesh, India2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1991, women from Dubagunta, Nellore District in the state of Andhra Pradesh forced the liquor traders to leave the area. This incident is believed to have been the origin of the Anti-Liquor Movement, which finally led to alcoholic beverages being prohibited in the state. The main participants in the early struggle were unprivileged, rural low-caste women. They were supported by voluntary organisations and later by politicians from the opposition parties.

    The study presents an analysis of the process whereby the political and private endeavours of individuals were integrated into a broader social movement. It discusses discourses on gender and household relations in rural Andhra Pradesh and the involvement of urban activists as organisers, leaders and translators of the struggle. The attention is on how politicians, representatives of the state administration, and liquor traders either sided with the temperance movement or worked against it, and on the blurred boundary between 'friend' and 'foe'. It demonstrates how the media coverage and the gathering of participants in collective activities - such as demonstrations, meetings, sit-ins, and protest travelling - were vital for the formation of an 'imagined community' of protest.

    The Anti-Liquor Movement of Andhra Pradesh is shaped by global processes. The Indian economy opened up to global market forces in the 1980s and at the same time local activists became involved in transnational debates on feminism, Gandhianism, and Marxism. Even so, as the study reveals, the movement as such was mainly confined to Andhra Pradesh.

  • 27.
    Favero, Paolo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    India Dreams: Cultural Identity among Young Middle Class Men in New Delhi2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1991 the Indian government officially sanctioned the country’s definitive entry into the global market and into a new era.

    This study focuses on the generation that epitomizes this new era and is based on fieldwork among young English-speaking, educated, Delhi-based men involved in occupations such as tourism, Internet, multinationals, journalism and sports. These young men construct their role in society by promoting themselves as brokers in the ongoing exchanges between India and the outer world. Together they constitute a heterogeneous whole with different class-, caste- and regional background. Yet, they can all be seen as members of the ‘middle class’ occupying a relatively privileged position in society. They consider the opening of India to the global market as the key-event that has made it possible for them to live an “interesting life” and to avoid becoming “boring people”.

    This exploration into the life-world of these young men addresses in particular how they construct their identities facing the messages and images that they are exposed to through work- and leisure-networks. They understand themselves and what surrounds them by invoking terms such as ‘India’ and ‘West’, ‘tradition’ and ‘modernity’, mirroring the debates on change that have gone on in India since colonization. Yet, they imaginatively re-work the content of these discourses and give the quoted terms new meanings. In their usage ‘being Indian’ is turned into a ‘global’, ‘modern’ and ‘cosmopolitan’ stance while ‘being Westernized’ becomes a marker of ‘backwardness’ and lack of sophistication. Their experiences mark out the popularity of notions of ‘Indianness’ in contemporary metropolitan India.

    The study focuses on how social actors themselves experience their self-identity and how these experiences are influenced by the actors’ involvement with international flows of images and conceptualizations. It will primarily approach cultural identities through labels of belonging to abstract categories with shifting reference (referred to them as ‘phantasms’) such as ‘India’, ‘West’, etc. The study suggests that the ‘import’ of trans-national imagination into everyday life gives birth to sub-cultural formations, new ‘communities of imagination’. Their members share a similar imagination of themselves, of Delhi, their country and the world.

  • 28.
    Basegmez, Virva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Irish Scene and Sound: Identity, Authenticity and Transnationality among Young Musicians2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ireland has long been famous for its rich traditional music. Yet the recent global success of Irish pop, rock and traditional music has transformed the Irish music scene into a world centre attracting musicians, tourists, fans and the music industry from both Ireland and abroad. This ethnographic study of young musicians in Dublin and Galway in the late 1990s analyses the Irish music scene in terms of identity, authenticity and transnationality contextualised in contemporary Ireland.

    The study explores the making of Dublin and Galway into central places in the Irish music scene. It identifies musical links between the cities, and how for the young musicians, Dublin has become a 'springboard' and Galway a 'playground'. These cities provide the local arenas where young folk and popular musicians negotiate individual and collective lifestyles, identities and musical genres. By developing the concept of 'musical pathways', the study shows how these mobile musicians constantly interact with different musical sounds and scenes.

    The idea that Irishness has to emanate from traditional music is challenged by a diversity of musical genres and pathways of the musicians. Some musicians embrace a certain construction of Irishness while others reject it, but they are all involved in this process in one way or another. Contrary to older generations of traditional musicians, a global awareness is more important among the young musicians than a 'restricted' view of Irishness. As the young musicians are interested in multiple musical ideas and influences, they are often reluctant about a 'narrow nationalism'. They make use of the fact that the musics of the contemporary world are very much interconnected.

    This study discusses transnational processes of the Irish music scene in the late 1990s primarily on local and national levels in Ireland. This reveals how globalisation has contributed to the popularity of Irish music, yet without controlling its pathways completely. In Ireland the past is still in the present.

  • 29.
    Höjdestrand, Tova
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Needed by Nobody: Homelessness, Humiliation, and Homelessness in Post-Socialist Russia2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Homelessness became a conspicuous facet of Russian metropolitan cityscapes only in the 1990s, when the Soviet criminalization of ‘vagrancy’ and similar offences was abolished. This study investigates homelessness as a sociostructural phenomenon as well as an individually experienced life condition, with a focus on homeless people in St. Petersburg in 1999 and during the successive years (when anthropological fieldwork was conducted).

    To these men and women, homelessness can be concluded with the Russian expression nikomu ne nuzhen, ‘needed by nobody’ – a dilemma that in their case is twofold. They are ‘not needed’ as citizens since a permanent address in Russia is the precondition for all civil rights and social benefits (including the permission to work). In addition they have lost, or never had, the intimate social networks that constitute the ultimate social ‘safety net’ in Russia, and which is the most important context for a sense of ‘being needed’. The study investigates processes of social exclusion as well as the sustenance strategies of these ‘human leftovers’ – or the remaining ‘world of waste’ of things, tasks, and places that nobody else wants.

    The main focus of the study is, however, human worth. Being ‘not needed’, homeless people are subjected to a forceful social stigmatization, but their situation also deprives them of the social and material prerequisites for acting and relating to others in ways they consider to be ‘decent’. This study asks how human dignity is negotiated in the absence of its very preconditions. Which dimensions take precedence, and which cultural resources are employed to restore at least a makeshift sense of being a worthy human?

  • 30.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    I en klass för sig: Genus, klass och sexualitet bland gymnasietjejer2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällsvetenskaplig forskning har på senare år börjat uppmärksamma unga kvinnor, som tidigare fört en undanskymd tillvaro i skuggan av de unga männen. Syftet med denna avhandling är att, delvis i linje med denna forskning, undersöka hur tjejer i en svensk gymnasieskola skapar genus. Fokus ligger på hur genusskapande alltid sker i samverkan med andra strukturerande principer, såsom klass, sexualitet och etnicitet. Den empiriska utgångspunkten är ett trettiotal tjejer mellan 16 och 18 år på två skilda gymnasieprogram, Samhällsveteskapsprogrammet och Barn- och Fritidsprogrammet. Genom att undersöka hur dessa tjejer förhåller sig till föreställningar om hur man ska vara som tjej, illustreras hur den normativa femininiteten – såväl som deras sätt att hantera denna - måste förstås mot bakgrund av tjejernas skilda klasstillhörigheter. Likaså visar empirin hur det feminina idealet är otvetydigt heterosexuellt. Som en röd tråd genom avhandlingen löper därför en problematisering av de idéer, påbud och sanktioner som säger att det är heterosexuell man ska vara som tjej, inget annat. Genom att kartlägga olika beståndsdelar i den heteronormativa genusordningen, synliggörs hur heteronormativiteten premierar vissa relationer framför andra; hur man som tjej förväntas vara både heterosexuell och homosocial enligt vissa specifika mönster. Omvänt kommer homosociala och heterosexuella relationsmönster att generera två genusmässiga motpoler, killar och tjejer. I avhandlingen undersöks även hur den enskilda kroppen fungerar både som symbol och redskap i skapandet av det heterosexuella kvinnoidealet; hur imperativet att göra kroppen ”naturligt kvinnlig” tycks centralt för tjejernas uppfattning om sig själva och varandra som normala. Föreställningar om normalitet och den normala tjejen är också det raster genom vilket processerna av genusskapande iscensätts. Denna normalitet formuleras till stora delar genom olika utpekade motpoler, det tänkt onormala och stereotypa. Genom att bestämma vissa positioner som mer stereotypa än andra, kommer tjejerna att presentera sig själva som fria och självständiga individer. Med utgångspunkt i tre av de positioner som återkommande skapas som just avvikande och icke-önskvärda – horan, den lesbiska och invandraren – åskådliggörs hur den normativa femininitet tjejerna förhåller sig till, iscensätter och i vissa fall utmanar är en heterosexuell, vit och medelklassbaserad sådan. Vidare diskuteras hur imperativet att vara en fri och obegränsad individ - något som genomsyrar såväl skolvärlden som det övriga samhället – enklast tycks uppnås genom ett förkroppsligande av normen. Därigenom synliggörs hur den förment neutrala uppmaningen att ”vara sig själv” blir mer möjlig för vissa än för andra.

  • 31.
    Green, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Species Aid: Organizational Sensemaking in a Preservation Project in Albania2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1994 a Hungarian fisheries biologist specialised on sturgeons revealed that there was at least one population of sturgeons belonging to the threatened sturgeon species Ac. Naccari still present in the Albanian aquatic fauna. The stage was now set for an international conservation initiative. This discovery marked the beginning of the conservation project that is analysed in this thesis. The ideas of biodiversity, the conservation initiative, and the activities of the project on the ground in Albania are analysed through ethnography of the everyday activities of the project members’.

    The aim of the ethnography presented is to contextualise differing perceptions of biodiversity, discuss perceived pros and cons of species conservation among the project crew, the roles they saw for science and scientific expertise in species conservation, and the tensions around ‘East’ and ‘West’ that in many ways permeated the project. The thesis also addresses more general questions concerning the role of project managers, leadership, organisational learning and projects as organisations.

    In the concluding chapter, it is argued that through the internal storytelling within the core project crew, a largely self-referential system of meaning was constructed that relied on several distinctions such as those between ‘east’ and ‘west’, between ‘insider’ and ‘outsider’, between ‘self’ and ‘other’ (understood in a broad sense), between ‘before’ and ‘after, between 'politics' and 'biodiversity', and between 'corruption' and 'keeping the hands clean'. The world view of the project depended on binary oppositional distinctions such as those between ‘knowledgeable’ and ‘non-knowledgeable’, between ‘environment’ and 'not environment’, between ‘politics’ and ‘not politics’, and between ‘doing’ and ‘not doing’ conservation.

    One crucial conclusion of the thesis is that bad examples, even failures, promote learning, perhaps to an even higher, degree than success stories, when it comes to organisational learning. The informational and communicational dimension has to be taken seriously in conservation undertakings, because if conservation projects do not consider how ‘nature’ and ‘environment’ are conceptualised in different contexts, it is hard to anchor conservation undertakings in local contexts.

  • 32.
    Hasselström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    On and Off the Trading Floor: An inquiry into the everyday fashioning of financial market knowledge2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Machado-Borges, Thaïs
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Only for You!: Brazilians and the Telenovela Flow2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Only For You! Brazilians and the Telenovela Flow is an anthropological study of the reception of a popular and commercial mass-media product – Brazilian "soap-operas," or telenovelas. Telenovelas are broadcast throughout Brazil six days a week, at prime-time. They attract an audience of more than forty million viewers, every day.

    Initially, this study began with a simple question: how do viewers engage with telenovelas' representations of the Brazilian society? Ethnographic fieldwork (conducted during several periods between 1995 and 2000, in the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil) amended and complicated this question. It became clear that in everyday life, outside of the context of immediate telenovela reception, people not only talked about the contents and characters of these programs; they also talked extensively about subjects and products that derived from or somehow entangled with the telenovela plot. The term telenovela flow is used in this study in order to describe and visualize this crucial part of informants’ receptive experience.

    The research presented in this study explores the contents of the telenovela flow, tracing and identifying some of its articulations and interspersions, and relating them to contemporary Brazilian society. It also examines the way the telenovela flow hails and interpellates You, the viewer, to interact with it.

    It is argued that the telenovela flow presents hierarchies of gender, sexuality, race and class as embodied and naturalized, at the same time that it presents tangible and immediate ways to transcend or at least circumvent those very hierarchies. Viewers, in their engagement with the telenovela flow, evaluate, scrutinize, and search for ways to reinforce or transform their positions as subjects within Brazilian society.

  • 34.
    Hardtmann, Eva-Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Our Fury is Burning: From Local Practice to Global Connections in the Dalit Movement2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Khosravi, Shahram
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Third Generation: The Islamic Order of Things and Cultural Defiance among theYoung of Tehran2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Norström, Christer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    "They call for us": strategies for securing autonomy among the Paliyans, hunter-gatherers of the Palni Hills, South India2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Rodriguez Larreta, Enrique
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    "Gold is illusion": the Garimpeiros of Tapajos Valley in the Brazilian Amazonia2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the formation of power relations and hierarchy among the gold diggers of the region of the Tapajos in the lower Amazonas. Following the route of immigrants who escape from social death in the Brazilian Northeast driven on by the dream of gold, this book analyses the daily life of a community of gold diggers. It studies the articulation between individual and group and between the local society and regional and national contexts. The description of methods of work in gold extraction form a background to an analysis of how social identity, power and authority are constituted in the gold digger society, in which an ever present violence and prevalent disease combine to  keep the individual in a state of existential precariousness. 

  • 38.
    Ståhlberg, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Lucknow Daily: how a Hindi newspaper constructs society2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mass media in various forms have during the last decades increased their presence in India. Among the printed media, the regional daily press has experienced a particularly strong growth through the 1980s and 1990s. This study is primarily concerned with Hindi newspapers and their journalists in the north Indian State of Uttar Pradesh.  The form and the content of the newspapers are dealt with, so are routines and organisation of newswork as well as the background and the careers of journalists. The study also elucidates how the Hindi-language journalists formulate their occupational role and understand their position in the public sphere – particularly in relation to the English-language press in India. A central aim of the research has been to describe local and culturally specific conditions of a profession that is working with similar methods and tasks all over the world. Simultaneously, the journalistic form of cultural production is discussed in relation to processes of cultural globalisation, modernity and political imagination.  The study is based on fieldwork conducted during two periods of totally 10 months, between 1995 and 1998, among journalists in the city of Lucknow. 

  • 39.
    Lindquist, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The anxieties of mobility: development, migration, and tourism in the Indonesian borderlands2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Uimonen, Paula
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Transnational.dynamics at development.net: Internet, modernization and globalization2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Henning, Annette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Ambiguous artefacts: solar collectors in Swedish contexts : on processes of cultural modification2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Holmqvist, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    "The hospital is a uterus": western discourses of childbirth in late modernity : a case study from northern Italy2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The medicalisation of Western childbirth that was initiated in the seventeenth century has resulted in healthier women and infants, but it has also changed the cultural definition of birth as a restricted female experience. There is an increasing insistence among experts to define birth as a heterosexual couple's experience and to regard the woman and the foetus as two separate 'patients.' This development potentially implies a marginalisation of women from birthgiving and changed ways of experiencing pregnancy and childbirth.

    This thesis aims at analysing the transition to motherhood in contemporary Western societies as an asymmetrical discursive space in which first-time expectant mothers meet with professional experts. At hospitals, prenatal clinics, birth preparation courses, at the actual birth site and in paediatric clinics the women are socialised into an expert-defined cultural model of maternity care. However, they do not just accept the presented model passively: there is a continuing negotiation between the agents of the local birthing system over what is considered to be authoritative knowledge and practice in this area.

    The study is based on anthropological fieldwork in 1993/94 in a northern Italian town, Borgo. It focuses on how the experts provide models of and for important birthgiving issues such as what birth is and how pregnancy and birth should be managed, defining women's agency in birthing, and prescribing what is a proper experience of birth.

  • 43.
    Einarsdóttir, Jónína
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    "Tired of weeping": child death and mourning among Papel mothers in Guinea-Bissau2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the assumption that mothers in poverty stricken areas with high rates of fertility and child mortality will, as a survival strategy, neglect their children, sometimes with a fatal outcome and then fail to mourn their death. The thesis is based on anthropological fieldwork conducted in 1993-98 among the Papel people in Guinea-Bissau, West-Africa. Participant observation, interviewing and surveys were the main methods used. The study emphasises the agency and voices of individual Papel mothers, and their varied experiences, practices and opinions. At the same time it seeks to illuminate women's common patterns of thinking and acting but also the constraints and structures that curtail their choices. The Papel women's situation as wives in a polygamous society is explored as well as their motives for becoming mothers. Birth and breastfeeding practices are examined in the light of maternal bonding theory. The thesis further explores the following questions: Are conceptions of children reflected in childcare practices? Does the way mothers interpret disease and death, and their ideas about afterlife, influence their patterns of healthcare seeking and mourning? What are the local ideas about deviant or disabled children and how are they treated?

    The conclusion of the study is that Papel mothers do not neglect their children in terms of daily care or during illness. Nor do mothers fail to mourn children who die, irrespective of whether they are normal children, favourite children or children suspected to be spirit children, without a human soul. However, mother love is not unilaterally self-sacrificing and unconditional. Mothers emphasise their suffering because they give birth to children, but they expect to become rewarded for their suffering in social, economic and emotional terms. The thesis argues that poverty and high rates of child mortality do not necessarily produce neglectful and non-remorseful mothers. Religion, kinship, and economy shape gender relations and cultural values attributed to reproduction and motherhood, which in turn influence maternal sentiments and practice. Among the Papel, the system of matrilineal descent gives mothers, together with their lineage members, a central role in seeking healthcare for children, whatever the category. Poverty and high expectancy of child mortality contribute to maternal anguish and distress in relation to child delivery, diseases and death, not indifference.

  • 44.
    Stade, Ronald
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Pacific passages: world culture and local politics in Guam1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Narrowe, Judith
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Under one roof: on becoming a Turk in Sweden1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Dahlén, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Among the interculturalists: an emergent profession and its packaging of knowledge1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Tegbaru, Amare
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Forests, farmers and the state: environmentalism and resistance in northeastern Thailand1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Isan farmers in Ubonratchatani province of Northeast Thailand employ Buddhist as well as modernist environmental arguments to resist the spread of commercial eucalyptus plantations carried out by the state. Villagers affected by the consequences of commercial forestry have made a metaphorical link between eucalyptus, destructive exploitation and coercive power. The central argument of the present study is that local environmentalism is a reaction against a government policy which in itself is formulated in conservationist terms.

    The focus is on the conflict between Thai foresters and Nong Wai Ngam farmers, and how the forest authorities justify their promotion of eucalyptus in conservationist terms, arguing that the species is useful for rehabilitating degraded tropical monsoon forest, while the local villagers protest by inverting the foresters' terms, combining them both with their own farming wisdom and with 'scientific' arguments. The study describes how the forestry debate has been revitalised by inserting political, cultural and religious issues into the eucalyptus question, turning it into an idiom of general resistance.

    The thesis discusses the forms of village resistance, at the levels of linguistic practice as well as of concrete action ranging from small-scale sabotage to violence.

    Fieldwork was carried out in 1989-91 and 1993, mainly by participant observation. Intensive interviews, situational analysis and life-history approaches were combined to reconstruct the large-scale processes whereby ideas are transmitted to the Nong Wai Ngam people as well as to give a picture of the environment within which these farmers are acting.

    The author argues that the practice of resistance engenders changes in the ways parties to the conflict behave and think. Trying to defend what they perceive as central to their culture people make ideational and practical innovations. In the process of the struggle these adaptations develop beyond the original concerns and transform the culture itself.

  • 48.
    Lindquist, Galina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Shamanic performances on the urban scene: neo-shamanism in contemporary Sweden1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with neo-shamanism, a set of notions and techniques that originated in the non-Western tribal societies and, within the framework of New Age spirituality, were adapted for the life of contemporary urban dwellers. Neo-shamanic practices are based on consciousness-altering techniques, when the Self is perceived to leave the body, to journey in other realities and to interact with the spiritual beings, enlisting their help for social, psychological, and physical healing.

    The study shows how a group of people appropriates a set of new meanings, grounded in unusual bodily experience, validated by interpersonal narrative, and embodied in dramatic performance in both the physical and the imaginal realms. Through the media of performance the abstract meanings become lived reality turned into a common resource for creating culture. The creation of culture is seen as an interplay between individual experience and orchestrated expressions, whereby the imported notions and cultural forms are filled with personal and shared meaning.

    The special character of thus created neo-shamanic culture lies in the fact that it emerges in the interstices betwixt and between the established social institutions, as a domain of imagination and play. Through performance and play the disembedded cultural systems, imported from distant times and places, get re-embedded in the local contexts and come to constitute community, locality, and tradition.

    Fieldwork was carried out in 1992 - 1996 in Sweden, Denmark, England, and France. The main methods used were participant observation, reading printed matter, and interviews.

  • 49.
    Edelman, Birgitta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Shunters at work: creating a world in a railway yard1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Skills, and particularly manual skills, are often seen as acquired through unquestioning practice and drill. This is an ethnographic account of a group of railway workers, called shunters, who are occupied with the manual task of assembling carriages into trains. It is here claimed that the acquisition of shunting skills is conditioned by the apprentices' preconceived ideas of 'male', manual, outdoor work and by the dynamics of master-apprentice relations. Two different types of learning strategies, adopted by female and male apprentices respectively, are identified. It is claimed that these strategies lead to differential success in advancement at work. In contrast to approaches which see skill as individual mastery of given tasks it is argued that conceptions of skilful work are subject to social construction.

    Since cooperation calls for communication, the communicative aspects of skill come into the fore in this type of high-risk work. Card-playing is studied as an arena for expression of skills related to handling risks at work.

    Team-work, marked by cooperation and uninterrupted fluency, here called 'flow', is ideally based on informal relations and an egalitarian ethos. It is simultaneously thought to presuppose a structured hierarchy of well defined work roles. Team-work is also seen to demand a collective spirit, although idiosyncratic work styles and individualistic behaviour are encouraged. The treatise demonstrates how such contradictory understandings are expressed and mediated in practice, and how they are reconceptualized during a period of uncertainty caused by reorganization and change.

    The work is based on participation as well as participant observation in one of the largest railway yards for passenger trains in Sweden.

  • 50.
    Montoya, Miguel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Persistent Peasants: Smallholders, State Agencies and Involuntary Migration in Western Venezuela1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 67
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf