Change search
Refine search result
1 - 4 of 4
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the 'Create feeds' function.
  • 1.
    Alam, Rauful
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Palladium-catalyzed Allylic C-H and C-OH Functionalization. Reactions of the Obtained Allylboronic Acids2014Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is focused on the studies of two major transformations. The first transformation deals with the development of palladium-catalyzed selective allylic trifluoroacetoxylation reactions based on C-H functionalization, whereas the second comprises the synthesis and isolation of allylboronic acids using diboronic acid B2(OH)4 as boron source. Both reactions proceed with a very high regio- and stereoselectivity. The mechanistic studies of the allylic C-H trifluoroacetoxylation indicate that the reaction proceeds via (η3-allyl)palladium intermediate.

    The reactivity of the allylboronic acids was studied with ketone and imine substrates. Unlikeother boronates (such as allyl-Bpin derivatives), allylboronic acids react with ketones and imines without any additives under neutral and mild conditions (typically at room temperature). The regio- and stereoselectivity of this reaction is remarkably high. Using functionalized allylboronic acids (prepared in the above mentioned Pd-catalyzed reactions) homoallylic alcohols and amines with adjacent tertiary and quaternary centers could be obtained with high selectivity. Interestingly, both the ketones and the imines reacted with anti-stereoselectivity. This was surprising for the imines. Our mechanistic study has shown that the acyclic aldimines undergo cis/trans isomerization prior to the allylation reaction.

  • 2.
    Moa, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Quantum chemical modelling of enantioselectivity in alcohol dehydrogenase2017Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Biocatalytic methods of synthesis are becoming increasingly important in industry. Using enzymes as catalysts allows highly selective reactions to be performed under milder physical conditions and in a more environmentally benign fashion than most corresponding chemical catalysts.

    Enzymes have in general evolved to perform one type of reaction on a limited set of molecules, and hence there is often a need to alter the specificity of an enzyme to suit a desired process. Understanding the details of enzymatic catalysis at a quantum mechanical level enables the intelligent redesign of these macromolecules. For this purpose, density functional theory (DFT) has been shown to epitomise a suitable balance of accuracy and computational cost. Thus, this thesis describes the quantum chemical rationalisation of the reaction mechanism and sources of selectivity of the bacterial alcohol dehydrogenase TbSADH – an enzyme highly suited to modification for industrial processes.

    ADHs catalyse reversibly the interconversion of alcohols and ketones or aldehydes. Herein, the general ADH reaction mechanism was shown to be viable for this enzyme. In addition, the experimental enantiopreference of the enzyme was reproduced, and thus the reversal of selectivity seen with the slight increase in substrate size was captured. The main determinant of selectivity was found to be a fine balance of repulsive steric interactions and attractive dispersion effects between the substrate and the hydrophobic binding pockets. The ability of the modelling methodology to capture effects such as these represents further evidence of its usefulness as a complement to experimental work in designing the biocatalysts of the future.

    The development of protocols to allow quantum mechanical investigation of the production of large and industrially interesting axially chiral alcohols is also presented. The work described has showed that quantum chemical models of many hundreds of atoms are now within our grasp, and although they were unable to correctly describe the selectivity for the large 4-(bromomethylene)cyclohexan-1-one in TbSADH, the protocols devised can be very useful for future investigations of enzymatic catalysis.

  • 3.
    Pascanu, Vlad
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Supported Palladium Nanoparticles for Sustainable Cross-Coupling and Oxidation Reactions2014Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The work presented in this thesis aims to combine the rich chemistry ofpalladium and the benefits of heterogeneous catalysis with metal-organic frameworks(MOFs) in developing robust materials that are recyclable and adaptable to operationunder a continuous flow regime.

    Two new catalysts were created based on palladium nanoparticles in themesoporous MOFs MIL-101 and MIL-88B. They were synthesized and rigorouslycharacterized. All the parameters that can influence the outcome of the desiredchemical transformations were investigated, leading to the development of veryefficient methodologies.

    Pd@MIL-101-NH2 was employed in the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-couplingreaction and it displayed a remarkable efficiency in some of the mildest conditionsreported to date. Moreover, it displays a very good tolerance to highly functionalizedsubstrates, obtaining biaryl motifs that are of potential interest for the pharmaceuticalindustry. Also, a small library of 11 compounds could be synthesized in a singlecontinuous flow experiment proving that the catalyst is amenable to a packed-bedmicro-flow reactor.

    An innovative double support was also used for encapsulating palladiumnanoparticles in a mixed MOF-silica matrix. The resulting material was denotedPd@MIL-88B-NH2@SiO2 and it was employed in a greener approach towards theaerobic oxidation of alcohols. The increased protection of the support allows thecatalyst to maintain a very good performance profile over 7 days of continuousoperation under high mechanical and chemical stress, with no sign of deactivation.

  • 4.
    Zhao, Tony S. N.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Copper and Palladium-Mediated Transformationsof Allylic and Propargylic Substrates2014Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is focused on the development of new palladium and copper-mediated reactions for functionalization of alkenes and propargylic alcohol derivatives. We have developed an efficient procedure for the synthesis of allenyl and propargyl boronate from propargylic carbonates and acetates. The reactions were performed under mild conditions for the synthesis of a variety of allenyl boronates. We have also observed a switch of regioselectivity for the formation of propargylic boronates using CuCl as a co-catalyst. This is, as far as we know, the first metal-catalyzed reaction for the synthesis of propargylic boronates. Furthermore, the synthesis of 1,2-diborylated butadienes was achieved with high diastereoselectivity from propargylic epoxides. A wide variety of propargylic epoxides could be converted to the corresponding dienes and this is the first catalytic protocol to form 1,2-diborylated butadienes.

    We have also studied the copper-mediated trifluoromethylation of propargylic halides and trifluoroacetates. Depending on the temperature, two different regioselective outcomes were observed. It was also shown that a transfer of chirality occurred when an enantioenriched starting material was used.

    In the last part of the thesis, we have described a method for palladium-catalyzed functionalization of allylic C-H bonds for selective synthesis of allylic silanes. The reaction is regioselective and gives only the linear allylic silane. The protocol only works under highly oxidative conditions which suggest a mechanism involving high oxidation state palladium intermediates.

1 - 4 of 4
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf