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  • 1. Bergström, Roger
    et al.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    Danell, Kjell
    The Wolf War in Sweden during the 18th Century – Strategies, Measures and Leaders2015In: A Fairytale in Question: Historical interactions between humans and wolves / [ed] Patrick Masius and Jana Sprenger, White Horse Press, 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas. idéhistoria.
    1800-talets djurskyddsrörelse: en arena för veterinärer, lärare och kvinnor2008In: Victor, no 14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, Department of History of Ideas.
    Anthropologists in the World of Insects2009In: Investigating Human/Animal Relations: In Science, Culture and Work, Uppsala: Skrifter från Centrum för Genusvetenskap , 2009, p. 154-163Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas. Idéhistoria.
    Anthropologists in the world of insects: Swedish entomology 1880-19202008Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropologists in the world of insects; Swedish entomology 1880-1920

    Karin Dirke

    My contribution will focus on how the scientific and popular view of animals was formed primarily in Swedish entomology and to show how this view is related to the perception of society.

    I will discuss a certain historical period; between the breakthrough of Darwinism and the work of the great names in ethology such as Niko Tinbergen and Konrad Lorenz. The context is the study of animal behaviour, and the popularization of such studies, in entomology. Anthropomorphism played an important part in this context in several ways. It was of course necessary in the popularization of entomology, which was surprisingly widespread at the time. It also points towards a change of interest in entomology itself. Previously entomology was primarily concerned with the Linnaean categorization of insects. However at the end of the nineteenth century the entomologists were increasingly interested in the behaviour of insects. In fact at the end of the century the behaviour of insects was better understood than the behaviour of mammals. The interest in insects was both popular and learned. The likeness of humans and (social) insects also became a strategic argument for Darwinism.

    Animals seem untouched by human social categories such as gender, class or race yet the descriptions of animals to a great extent reproduce the categories. Therefore the study of anthropomorphism is central. Our language is built on the notion of a relationship with the non-human through continuous comparison. In recent years, in the wake of postmodernism, anthropomorphism as a cultural phenomenon has begun to evoke interest among scholars.

    Since Francis Bacon’s days anthropomorphism has been understood as a scientific flaw and as a misguided judgement. To anthropomorphize has been to wrongly ascribe human traits to something nonhuman. Yet the notion that anthropomorphism is wrong is in itself a statement about what is human and what is not. This paradox is an integral part of the history of anthropomorphism however it is rarely considered. The boundaries of humanity have seldom been questioned in this way.

    This makes anthropomorphism important in connection with the breakthrough of Darwinism in the second half of the nineteenth century. When the boundaries of humanity were no longer self-evident the attitude towards animals and anthropomorphism changed. This aspect of the history of anthropomorphism has been noted in recent studies.

    Anthropomorphism is highly interesting to study in relation to the growth of the study of animal behaviour as a scientific discipline. It is not seriously questioned until the breakthrough of behaviourism in the early twentieth century. At the same time Darwin’s anecdotal and anthropomorphic language of science is an evident point of departure. At this point the use of anthropomorphism in entomology becomes interesting. What does it say in relation to Darwinism? What do the entomologists have to say about categories such as gender, class and race? How do they relate to concepts like society, war and gender concerning insect-societies? What does this tell us about the view of humanity?

  • 5.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Berättelser om jakt2016In: Jaktens historia i Sverige: vilt, människa, samhälle, kultur / [ed] Kjell Danell, Roger Bergström, Leif Mattsson, Sverker Sörlin, Stockholm: Liber, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Changing narratives of human-large carnivore encounters in nineteenth-century Sweden2017In: Shared lives of humans and animals: Animal Agency in the Global North / [ed] Tuomas Räsänen, Taina Syrjämaa, New York: Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    Djur eller odjur?: attityder till jakt och vilt ur ett idéhistoriskt perspektiv2005In: Viltvård, älgar och jaktturism: tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på jakt och vilt i Sverige 1830-2000 / [ed] Sofia Åkerberg, Umeå: Hållbarhetsrådet , 2005, p. 74-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    En forskarmyra i barnlitteraturen: Recension av Nina Goga: Gå til mauren. Om maur og danning i barnelitteraturen2014In: Nordic journal of ChildLit Aesthetics, ISSN 2000-7493, Vol. 5, p. 1-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Femtiotalet och dess azurblå berättelser om havet2019In: Det lyckliga femtiotalet: Sexualitet, politik och motstånd / [ed] Anders Burman, Bosse Holmqvist, Symposion Brutus Östlings bokförlag, 2019, p. 285-293Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    Från bruksdjur till livskamrat: Hundens 1900-talshistoria speglad i hundlitteraturen2014In: Från renhållningshjon till modeaccessoar: 10 000 år av relationer människa–hund i Sverige / [ed] Gräslund, Anne-Sofie och Svanberg, Ingvar, Uppsala: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs akademien för svensk folkkultur , 2014, 1, p. 139-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    Fågelkärlek i det nittonde århundradet2014In: Utopin i vardagen: Sinnen, kvinnor, idéer / [ed] Jenny-Leontine Olsson, Ylva Söderfeldt, Anna Ohlsson och Jonas Ellerström, Lund: Ellerströms förlag, 2014, 1, p. 109-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Human-animal studies i Sverige: Rapport från en konferens2008In: Noesis, ISSN 1651-4920, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    Insektsvandringar i darwinismens skugga2010In: Djurens idéhistoria / [ed] Gustav Holmberg, Svante Nordin, Anna Tunlid, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2010, p. 12-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas. Idéhistoria.
    Kön och känslor: Antika idéer om kvinnor och män2006In: Från Sapfo till Cyborg: Idéer om kön och sexualitet i historien., Gidlunds förlag , 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    Mannen som ångrade sig2012In: Mästersångare i fjäderskrud: Människor och kanariefåglar under 600 år / [ed] Ingvar Svanberg, Uppsala: Carolina Rediviva , 2012, p. 27-29Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    Vad är antropomorfism?2003In: Över tid och rum: En antologi tillägnad Bo Lindberg / [ed] Anders Burman, Benny Jacobsson, Stockholm: Institutionen för litteraturvetenskap och idéhistoria, Stockholms universitet , 2003, p. 196-203Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    Vid sidan av det mänskliga: På jakt efter en posthumanistisk idéhistoria2014In: Upplysningskritik: till Bosse Holmqvist / [ed] Anders Burman & Inga Sanner, Stockholm: Symposion Brutus Östlings bokförlag, 2014, 1, p. 205-220Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Vivisection2017In: Humans and animals: a geography of coexistence / [ed] Julie Urbanik, Connie L. Johnston, Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Dirke, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    Where is the big bad wolf?: Where is the Big Bad Wolf? Notes and Narratives on Wolves in Swedish Newspapers during the 18th and 19th Centuries2015In: A Fairytale in question: Historical interactions between humans and wolves / [ed] Patrick Masius and Jana Sprenger, White Horse Press, 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
1 - 19 of 19
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