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  • 1.
    Almenberg, Johan
    et al.
    Ministry of Finance, Sweden.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Financial Literacy and Retirement Planning in Sweden2011In: Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, ISSN 1474-7472, E-ISSN 1475-3022, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 585-598Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use data from the Swedish Financial Supervisory 2010 consumer survey to look at levels of financial literacy and retirement planning in the Swedish population. The results indicate that many adults have low financial literacy. In general, financial literacy levels are lower among the young, the old, women and those with low income or low educational attainment. People who report having tried to plan for retirement have higher levels of financial literacy. In particular, an understanding of risk diversification is strongly correlated with planning for retirement. We relate our findings to features of the Swedish pension system. 

  • 2.
    Halldén, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Rosen, Asa
    Gender of the immediate manager and women's wages: The importance of managerial position2018In: Social Science Research, ISSN 0049-089X, E-ISSN 1096-0317, Vol. 72, p. 115-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One argument for increasing female representation in management is the expectation that female managers will be particularly beneficial for female employees through, e.g., role modeling, mentoring or providing other incentives to enhance female productivity. We explore this issue by analyzing the association between women's wages and the gender of their immediate managers using Swedish matched employee-employer data from 2010. Contrary to the expected positive association, we find that wages are overall 3% lower for female employees with a female instead of male manager. However, dividing the sample by managerial position and controlling for the sorting of employees with respect to, e.g., non-cognitive traits, work tasks, family commitment and establishment gender composition, the negative association is found only for female employees working for lower-level managers, not for women with a manager at the highest rank. One possible explanation could be a difference in decision-making power if lower-level female managers have more limited resources for their subordinates compared to lower-level male managers.

  • 3.
    Larsson, Bo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Targeting Risk Lovers? Incentives for Voluntary Pension Savings with Heterogeneous Risk Preferences2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many countries need to stimulate voluntary pension-planning to meet the demands of an ageing

    population. Sweden has been a front-runner in introducing tax-deferred designated pension savings

    accounts along with self-directed individual public pension accounts. A particular feature is that savings

    are taxed by a presumptive return. In this paper, we show that with heterogeneous risk preferences, this

    tax-policy makes designated pensions unattractive for individuals with a high level of risk aversion. Using

    data on self-directed choices and designated pension-savings, we also empirically confirm our result. This

    paper sheds light on the importance of coherent policy-making in stimulating adequate pension planning

    and also on the negative consequences of a presumptive tax-design like e.g. the Dutch “Box-III” tax

    system.

  • 4.
    Sjögren Lindquist, Gabriella
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Girls will be Girls - Especially among Boys: Risk-taking in the "Daily Double" on Jeopardy2011In: Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, E-ISSN 1873-7374, Vol. 112, no 2, p. 158-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exploiting a natural experiment in Jeopardy we find that, despite no strategic gain, females switch to a more conservative wagering if playing against men only. Our findings complement experimental findings highlighting how gender differences in risk-taking can be socially driven.

  • 5.
    Sjögren Lindquist, Gabriella
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Securing victory or not? Surrendering optimal play when facing simple calculations: a natural experiment from the Swedish and US Jeopardy2012In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 44, no 6, p. 777-783Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article empirically investigates the common assumption of economicagents' capabilities to process complex mathematical problems to findoptimal strategies applied in economic modelling. By exploiting a designdifference in the game show Jeopardy between the US and Sweden, weobtain a natural experiment of individuals facing an optimization decisioneither having explicit information or deriving it by noncomplex adding andsubtracting. Given the assumption that individuals compute optimally,there should be no difference in the strategies used. Yet, the results showthat even a small change in informational pre-conditions for obtaining anoptimal strategy strongly alters economic-decision making.

  • 6.
    Sjögren Lindquist, Gabriella
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Testing the rationality assumption using a design difference in the TV Game-show Jeopardy2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract This paper empirically investigates the rationality assumption commonly applied in economic modeling by exploiting a design difference in the game-show Jeopardy between the US and Sweden. In particular we address the assumption of individuals’ capabilities to process complex mathematical problems to find optimal strategies. The vital difference is that US contestants are given explicit information before they act, while Swedish contestants individually need to calculate the same information. Given a rationality assumption of individuals computing optimally, there should be no difference in the strategies used. However, in contrast to the rational and focal bidding behaviors found in the US, the Swedish players display no optimal behavior. Hence, when facing too complex decisions, individuals abandon optimal strategies.

  • 7.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Are Women Asking for Low Wages? Gender Differences in Wage Bargaining Strategies and Ensuing Bargaining Success2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Men and women’s labor market outcomes differ along pay, promotion and competitiveness. This paper contributes by uncovering results in a related unexplored field using unique data on individual wage bargaining. We find striking gender differences. Women, like men, also bargain, but they submit lower wage bids and are offered lower wages than men. The adjusted gender wage gap is lower with postedwage jobs than with individual bargaining, although less is ascribable to the term associated with discrimination. Both women and men use self-promoting, or competitive bargaining strategies, but women self-promote at lower levels. Employers reward self-promotion but the larger the self-promotion, the larger is the gender gap in bargaining success. Women therefore lack the incentives to self-promote, which helps to explain the gender disparities.

  • 8.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Essays on gender differences in economic decision-making2003Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Gender gaps in salary negotiations: Salary requests and starting salaries in the field2019In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, E-ISSN 1879-1751, Vol. 161, p. 35-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides new evidence of gender gaps in negotiation behavior and in subsequent outcomes from a unique large sample of high-stakes salary negotiations between recent college graduates and prospective employers. Although females state salary requests to a larger extent than males do, they ask for lower salaries, and are offered lower starting salaries also for the same request. These gender gaps are small, yet noteworthy considering the homogeneity of the sample. Notably, the study highlights the importance of negotiation behavior as accounting for females stating lower salary requests largely reduced or even closed the gender pay gap in subsequent starting salaries. 

  • 10.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Kvinnors och mäns löneutveckling i ett tarifflönesystem2011In: Tarifflöner och individuell lönesättning / [ed] Susanne Fransson, Nätverket Jämställda löner , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Könsskillnader i val och avkastning – en forsknings och kunskapsöversikt över individuella placeringsval inom premiepensionen och tjänstepensionen2014In: Jämställdhet i socialförsäkringen?: forskningsrapport / till Delegationen för jämställdhet i arbetslivet, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2014, p. 235-269Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Makar som delar på kakan – en ESO-rapport om jämställda pensioner2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Pensionssystemet är neutralt i bemärkelsen att systemet inte gör skillnad på kvinnor och män, samtidigt som det bygger på livsinkomstprincipen. Men det betyder också att inkomstskillnader i yrkeslivet leder till att kvinnor får lägre pension än män. Inom pensionssystemet finns även vissa möjligheter att jämna ut pensionsinkomsterna mellan makar, varav två finns inom premiepensionen: att överlåta pensionsrätter till sin maka/make respektive att teckna efterlevandeskydd. I båda fallen krävs ett aktivt val och de är också förknippade med kostnader. I denna rapport till ESO beskriver Jenny Säve-Söderbergh i vilken utsträckning dessa möjligheter utnyttjas och av vem. Det framgår att det är ytterst få personer som väljer att överlåta pensionsrätter, medan det är vanligare att teckna efterlevandeskydd. Mot denna bakgrund diskuterar författaren avslutningsvis policyförslag rörande förvalsdesign och informationsinsatser. De ojämställda pensionerna har sin grund i de löneskillnader som finns mellan män och kvinnor i yrkeslivet. Olika orsaker till dessa löneskillnader diskuteras i ESO-rapporten ”Olika kön, olika lön – en ESO-rapport om diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden” (ESO 2017:5).

  • 13.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Self-Directed Pensions: Gender, Risk and Portfolio Choices2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 114, no 3, p. 705-728Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I investigate gender differences in financial risk-taking from a new perspective, and I show that gender plays a different role across the risk distribution. To evaluate risk-taking, I exploit portfolio choices following a reform that entitles almost the entire Swedish workforce to choose a risk profile for a part of their public-pension contributions. The novel finding is that portfolio risk does not differ much between the men and women who choose less risky portfolios, while the men who choose risky portfolios take on significantly more risk than do the women who choose risky portfolios. The findings are robust to investors choosing the default alternative, chasing past returns, rebalancing, and different measures of risk-taking.

  • 14.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Who is Willing to Let Ethics Guide His Economic Decision-Making? Evidence from Individual Investments in Ethical Funds2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent economics literature has devoted attention towards motives beyond the typical selfish norm for economic decision-making. Yet, it still remains a puzzle who allows such considerations to govern their behavior. This paper contributes by empirically identifying some features which differentiate individuals who choose to bear the cost of ethically guided economic decision-making from others. Using unique Swedish data on individual pension portfolio choices, we find that education, the choice of an occupation that is committed to taking care of others, actively joining a group working for a common cause, clearly predict the choice of an ethical screen for individual investments. In contrast to previous findings on altruism, income, financial wealth and age do not govern the decision. The results therefore suggest that investing ethically is typically a choice of principles.

  • 15.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Who lets Ethics Guide his Economic Decision-making? An Empirical Analysis of Individual Investments in Ethical Funds2010In: Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, E-ISSN 1873-7374, Vol. 107, no 2, p. 270-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper shows that one out of eight investors chooses ethical funds and foregoes return for ethical principles. However, few screen completely. Human capital, being female and “empathetic” professions all predict ethical decision-making. Interestingly, neither income nor wealth explains screening.

  • 16.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sjögren Lindquist, Gabriella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Children Do Not Behave Like Adults: Gender Gaps In Performance And Risk Taking In A Random Social Context In The High-Stakes Game Shows Jeopardy and Junior Jeopardy2017In: Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, E-ISSN 1468-0297, Vol. 127, no 603, p. 1665-1692Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using unique panel data, we compare the cognitive performance and wagering behaviour of children (10-11 years) with that of adults playing the Swedish version of the TV shows Jeopardy and Junior Jeopardy. Although facing the same well known high-stakes game, and controlling for performance differences, there is no gender gap in risk taking between girls and boys in contrast to adults; while girls assume more risk than women, boys assume less risk than men. We also find that female behaviour is differently sensitive to social context. Whereas women wager less, girls perform worse and employ inferior wagering strategies when randomly assigned to male opponents.

  • 17.
    Säve-Söderbergh, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Sjögren Lindquist, Gabriella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Children do not behave like adults: Gender gaps in performance and risk taking within a random social context in the high-stakes game shows Jeopardy and Junior Jeopardy2013Report (Other academic)
1 - 17 of 17
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