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  • 1. Artman, Henrik
    et al.
    Brynielsson, Joel
    Edlund, Lena
    Fallgren, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Forsberg, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Ghilagaber, Gebrenegus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Gustavii, Jonathan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Herzing, Mathias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Häckner, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jacobsson, Adam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jacobsson, Eva-Maria
    Källmén, Håkan
    Lindquist, Sinna
    Lundström, Anders
    Muren, Astri
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sjöberg, Eric
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Thuresson, Björn
    Tjörnhammar, Edward
    Wickström, Hans
    Effektiv miljötillsyn: slutrapport2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Naturvårdsverket) has financed the interdisciplinary research program “Efficient Environmental Inspections and Enforcement” (“Effektiv miljötillsyn”). The researchers are affiliated to Stockholm University, which is the responsible research institution, the Royal Institute of Technology (Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan), the Karolinska Institutet, and the Swedish Defense Research Agency (Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut). The goal has been to develop new knowledge, thereby achieving more efficient environmental inspections and enforcement and obtaining new scientific perspectives on environmental inspections and enforcement.

    The report studies methods for inspections and the communication between the inspector and the representative of the inspected facility, how the institutional framework for the inspection process works, and demonstrates the possibilities of measuring the effects of inspections and enforcement. The researchers involved in the program are fully responsible for the content of this report.

    The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency will use the results as a base for its continuing efforts to improve inspection and enforcement guidance and to develop the following up and evaluation of inspections and enforcement and guidance.

  • 2. Forslid, Rikard
    et al.
    Herzing, Mathias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    ON THE OPTIMAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY FOR INFLUENZA VACCINE2015In: Health Economics, ISSN 1057-9230, E-ISSN 1099-1050, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 726-741Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the profit maximizing capacity choice of a monopolistic vaccine producer facing the uncertain event of a pandemic in a homogenous population of forward-looking individuals. For any capacity level, the monopolist solves the intertemporal price discrimination problem within the dynamic setting generated by the standard mathematical epidemiological model of infectious diseases. Even though consumers are assumed to be identical, the monopolist will be able to exploit the ex post heterogeneity between infected and susceptible individuals by raising the price of vaccine in response to the increasing hazard rate. The monopolist thus bases its investment decision on the expected profits from the optimal price path given the infection dynamics. It is shown that the monopolist will always choose to invest in a lower production capacity than the social planner. Through numerical simulation, it is demonstrated how the loss to society of having a monopoly producer decreases with the speed of infection transmission. Moreover, it is illustrated how the monopolist's optimal vaccination rate increases as its discount rate rises for cost parameters based on Swedish data. However, the effect of the firm discount rate on its investment decision is sensitive to assumptions regarding the cost of production capacity.

  • 3.
    Herzing, Mathias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Does hidden information make trade liberalization more fragile?2011In: Canadian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0008-4085, E-ISSN 1540-5982, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 561-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    P>This paper focuses on the impact of hidden information on strategic interaction in the context of trade agreements. In the presence of informational asymmetry it is possible that a tradeoff between liberalization and sustainability of cooperation emerges. It is shown that it may be optimal to agree on a degree of liberalization associated with a strictly positive ex ante probability of deviation occurring. In that case, cooperation will break down in finite time, and the optimal degree of liberalization cannot be applied indefinitely.Ce memoire etudie l'impact de l'information cachee sur l'interaction strategique dans le contexte des accords de commerce. Quand il y a asymetrie de l'information, il est possible qu'emerge une relation d'equivalence entre la liberalisation et la viabilite de la cooperation. On montre qu'il peut etre optimal de s'entendre sur un degre de liberalisation associe a une probabilite ex ante strictement positive qu'une deviation va se produire. Dans ce cas, la cooperation va s'effriter dans une periode finie, et le degre optimal de liberalisation ne tient pas indefiniment.

  • 4.
    Herzing, Mathias
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jacobsson, Adam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Measuring the effects of feedback from inspections on cleanliness in Swedish pre-schools - A field experiment2019In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, ISSN 2214-8043, E-ISSN 2214-8051, Vol. 78, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High hygienic standards are essential to avoid the spread of infectious diseases, not least in environments with many children. This paper uses an experimental design to examine the impact of feedback information following a public health safety inspection on future behavior of pre-schools in three Swedish municipalities. We find no effects of information at the municipality level. However, we find that pre-schools that were informed about a bad result improved more than comparable pre-schools that received no feedback. Conversely, informed pre-schools with a good result worsened their results compared to similarly performing uninformed pre-schools. Our results thus lend support to the so called boomerang effect.

  • 5.
    Herzing, Mathias
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Norbäck, Pehr-Johan
    Persson, Lars
    Utländska direktinvesteringar: Effekter på det inhemska näringslivet2008In: Ekonomisk debattArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Häckner, Jonas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Herzing, Mathias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The effectiveness of environmental inspections in oligopolistic markets2017In: Resources and Energy Economics, ISSN 0928-7655, E-ISSN 1873-0221, Vol. 48, p. 83-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the consequences of inducing compliance with environmental legislation through inspections in oligopolistic markets. Adherence to the law is associated with environmental gains, but also with losses in surpluses as firms incur abatement costs. By relating the net social benefit of deterring breaches of legislation to inspection costs, the impact of various market characteristics on the effectiveness of inspections can be assessed, thus providing guidance for environmental inspection agencies that have to prioritize among sectors given a fixed budget.

  • 7.
    Häckner, Jonas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Herzing, Mathias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Welfare effects of taxation in oligopolistic markets2016In: Journal of Economic Theory, ISSN 0022-0531, E-ISSN 1095-7235, Vol. 163, p. 141-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses how marginal costs of public funds are related to various market characteristics under imperfect competition. Under a quite general tax scheme, these costs turn out to be lower the wider the firms' product ranges, the lower the degree of market concentration and the lower the degree of product differentiation. Moreover, marginal costs of taxation are lower in Bertrand markets compared to Cournot markets. In cases when marginal costs of public funds cannot easily be assessed we ask if pass-through rates can provide useful information for policy makers. The market characteristics that we analyze are shown to have opposite effects on pass-through and marginal costs of public funds. It is also demonstrated that the marginal cost of public funds is generally lower for ad valorem taxes than for unit taxes. The main results are based on a linear demand system, but a number of extensions confirm that our main results are reasonably robust.

  • 8. Wickström, Hans
    et al.
    Herzing, Mathias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Forsberg, Lars
    Jacobsson, Adam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Källmén, Håkan
    Applying Motivational Interviewing To Induce Compliance with Radon Gas Radiation Legislation – A Feasibility Study2017In: Psychology and Education Journal, Vol. 54, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we report how the communicative method “Motivational Interviewing” (MI) is adapted to the context of health safety inspections. The principal aim is to analyze the effect of MI training on inspectors’ communicative skills and to discuss the outcome in relation to a previous study that involved training of inspectors in a broader context. A further aim of this study is to explore whether it is possible to establish an effect of MI-trained inspectors on property owners’ compliance with the request for reporting radon gas radiation measurement results.

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