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  • 1.
    Camps Navajas, Mercè
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Estudio cualitativo de actitudes lingü.sticas: comparación entre estudiantes de bachillerato en Suecia con el español como lengua de herencia o como lengua extranjera2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been, mainly since the decade of the 70ies a receptor of Spanish-speaking immigrants. Today, Spanish is the most popular modern language in Swedish schools. Thus, we find ourselves in a context characterized by the convergence of Spanish linguistic heritage —from 2nd and 3rd generations of immigrants— and the student’s interest to learn the language. This study is placed within this social circumstances and it aims to locate and analyse the attitudes towards linguistic variation of two groups of students of Spanish as a foreign language in a high-school (gymnasium) in the metropolitan area of Stockholm, one of which is formed by speakers of Spanish as a heritage language. We will therefore focus on the relationship between the interaction of different factors —mainly extralinguistics— and the profile of each subject. We will also take into account the how the academic context may have influenced these attitudes. In relation to the context, we would like to clarify that the students arecurrently enrolled in either Paso 5 (steg 5) or Paso 6 (steg 6) levels, according to the Swedish school system, which, according to the Marco Común Europeo de Referencia par alas Lenguas, corresponds to B1-B2 and B2 levels, respectively. In order to identify these factors and make sure that the results are representative of the attitudes of the subjects, we have decided to combine three methodologies: adirect one (qualitative interview), and two indirect ones (the matched-guise technique and the linguistic self-portraits). The results have showed that the idiosyncrasy of each subject is decisive in relation to the attitudes he shows. However, we determine that the attitudes of the students in the heritage language group are based on identity issues and linguistic pride, whereas motivation when learning the foreign language is the basis for the foreign language group’s attitudes.

  • 2.
    Dankis, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Subtitling the Internet: An investigation into subtitles for dynamic media2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will examine interlingual subtitles for online media. The research takes place within the descriptive translation studies paradigm. The source material consists of subtitles for a selection of webcasts found on the video sharing platform YouTube. The analysis will examine how the original dialogue has been translated as well as the form that the subtitles are presented in. An analysis of norm governed subtitles for television programs that follow established subtitling norms will also be made for comparison. Online media and broadcast media are divided into a dynamic and static category respectively in order to treat webcasts as an individual form of media. Dynamic media is defined as digital media created for the Internet, and static media is defined as media created for televised broadcasts. The results do not include qualitative assessments but have shown that subtitles for webcasts do not follow subtitling norms and display a wide range of unconventional approaches. The determining factor that illustrates the nature of webcast subtitles is attributed the diverse group of people writing them. 

  • 3.
    David, Jonas Alexander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Den komplexa språksituationen hos en flerspråkig talare: En fallstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore and analyse the complex language situation and use of a multilingual person. The examined person is called Frida. Already at a young age she had acquired more than two languages and today she has been in relevant contact with around seven languages. This study wanted to connect to the theories and models, which are presented in today’s research on Second and Third Language Acquisition. The study was entirely based on Frida’s self reports according to the following criteria: her background of language acquisition, her proficiency levels and her attitudes and perception towards her own language situation and languages in general. These criteria had been worked out with the help of guided qualitative interviews and a self-assessment grid for the language skills. The results approved that Frida’s language use and situation is affected by the interaction of an amount of multifactorial components, which occur in a multilingual context. This analysis of Frida’s language background, her language use, attitudes and awareness gave an insight into how the underlying mechanisms of multilingualism work.

  • 4.
    Glaas, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Ett smärtsamt uppsatsvärk: Smärta, värk och ont på svenska2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Pain may be expressed in different ways depending on language and experiencer. This study aims to get a close up of Swedish pain expressions, and is based on earlier studies executed on Swedish and Greek respectively. Questions written by experiencers of pain to both the general public and physicians, and blogs of more narrative nature formed a corpus, divided in three different genres, where it was focused on the primary pain words pain and ache. The pain expressions were analyzed to provide information on how ordinary people, with various pain histories, tend to express their pain depending on addressee; if differences are found in between the genres. The results suggested, among other things, that the choice of pain word is to some extent governed by the perception of time, intensity, and also where pain is located within the body. The way chosen to verbally express pain differs somewhat in terms of how pain is perceived; as thing, process or quality.

  • 5.
    Gomes, Andrew
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Investigating the tonal contours of Sawi nouns: A contrastive analysis with established tonal features of Palula2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores whether or not tonal contours are a contrastive feature in Sawi nouns. It aims to provide evidence towards the claim that Sawi has lost contrastive tones and provide a basis from which further research into how the use of qualitative vowel differences may have replaced the pitch accent system still found in Sawi’s closest relative, Palula. This was done through the analysis of a corpus of Sawi nouns with a computer program that visually stylizes prosodic and tonal features in audio samples of the language. This corpus was then analyzed for trends within itself as well as compared to known trends in the Palula lexicon. The findings support the original hypothesis that Sawi nouns do not have contrastive pitch accents, as found in Palula; and that further research may reveal a regular or semi-regular tonal contour accentuating the final mora of each noun.

  • 6.
    Gustavsson, Alice
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Beröring i interaktion mellan föräldrar och deras barn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Beröring är, efter att länge ha varit ganska förbisett, numera ett växande forskningsområde inom förälder-barn kommunikation. Detta har skett i takt med att man har insett vikten av social interaktion för utvecklingen av alla kognitiva förmågor, och kanske särskilt för språkutvecklingen. Denna studie undersöker hur beröring ser ut i förälder-barn interaktion, och anpassar en tidigare utarbetad mall (Agrawal, 2010) för annotering av beröring i interaktion av svenska förälder-barn dyader. Inspelningar av fyra förälder-barn-par i åtta filer, två filer per barn, annoterades och analyserades. Barnen, två flickor och två pojkar, var vid första inspelningstillfället 3 månader gamla och vid andra 6 månader.

    Förälderns beröring annoterades och analyserades med perspektiv på vilka kroppsdelar som berördes mest, vilken typ av beröring som var vanligast och hur mycket hudkontakt som förekom i den totala tiden av beröringen. Resultaten visar att föräldrarna vid båda inspelningstillfällena mest höll sina barn, samt att de mest förekommande kroppsdelar att beröra var händerna och överkroppen vid 3 respektive 6 månaders ålder. Det framkom även att den totala beröringen samt beröringen med hudkontakt minskade från första inspelningstillfället. Detta konfirmerar tidigare forskningsresultat som bland annat sett att hållande av barn är vanligast vid tidig ålder, samt att beröringen i stort minskar gradvis under det första levnadsåret.

  • 7.
    Lilja, Sebastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Översättning enligt normer: En kommenterad översättning av en IT-text2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is comprised of an annotated translation of an English IT-text into Swedish. The source text is the installation manual for the software SDL Trados Studio 2014 and the thesis also contains a text analysis of the source text. The goal of the translation has been to use norms in the target culture and thus move the translation toward acceptability. The thesis therefore discusses norms based on Toury's (1995) framework.

    The thesis also contains an empirical study of the translation of three different IT-texts. The study shows that, when it comes to the specific norms investigated in the study, Swedish translations of IT-texts are guided by norms in both the source culture and the target culture.

  • 8.
    Ocampo Sepulveda, Marta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    El aprendizaje del español L2 en los estudios universitarios: Un estudio sobre la relación existente entre contexto de aprendizaje, motivación, actitudes y resultados obtenidos2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Hoy en día, el aprendizaje de una lengua extranjera (LE) es esencial para poder trabajar, viajar o para comunicarse con otras personas. Pero, puede también ser interesante por la satisfacción que significan nuevos conocimientos en otra lengua. El éxito en el aprendizaje de una lengua varía mucho según los motivos, las actitudes y los intereses de los aprendices. Por eso, el objetivo de este estudio es investigar estos factores, y ver de qué manera influyen en el aprendizaje de la lengua española. Por un lado, se espera que los estudiantes que no tienen el español como lengua materna (Español I y Español III), presenten una motivación de tipo intrínseca. Por otro lado, se espera que los estudiantes hispanohablantes (Español I y Español III), a diferencia de los que tienen español como L2, tengan una motivación extrínseca que justifique la elección de estudiar español.

    Este estudio consta de 25 cuestionarios que fueron respondidos por estudiantes de dos niveles distintos de español LE en una universidad sueca (Español I y Español III). Los resultados muestran que la mayoría de los alumnos estudian el español porque puede ser útil para los estudios, la carrera profesional o para vivir en un país hispano (motivos extrínsecos). Sin embargo, existen diferencias notables según la lengua materna del estudiante y su nivel de estudio. Así, algunos de los estudiantes de Español III, motivan su deseo de aprender el español porque les gusta el idioma y es un placer estudiarlo (motivación intrínseca). En cuanto a las actitudes hacia la lengua, la gente hispana y sus países, la mayoría de los estudiantes los valora de manera muy positiva. Sin embargo, valoran de manera positiva al grupo de español y el curso, pero no tienen una opinión muy positiva de los profesores y del entorno en el que ocurre el aprendizaje. Además, los resultados muestran que los estudiantes están más interesados en la cultura de España que en la latinoamericana. Por último, los resultados indican que la mayoría de los alumnos que obtienen altos resultados en el curso tienen motivos extrínsecos. Sin embargo, la motivación extrínseca acompaña también resultados bajos en el rendimiento académico, mientras que la motivación intrínseca se relaciona únicamente con resultados altos.

  • 9.
    Olsson, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Spädbarns anticipatoriska ögonrörelser som svar på ljud: Inlärning i ett eye-tracker-baserat hörseltest2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Visual Reinforcement Audiometry (VRA) är en metod för att bedöma små barns hörtrösklar. Ett hörseltest med eye-tracking som bygger på VRA är under utveckling, och syftet med denna studie är att vidareutveckla inlärningsfasen i ett sådant hörseltest. Barn i åldern 6,5 till 7,5 månader fick lyssna på ljudstimuli från högtalare på vänster och höger sida om sig och samtidigt se visuella stimuli på motsvarande sida av en bildskärm. Barnens inlärning av det audio-visuella sambandet testades sedan genom att mäta deras ögonrörelser till platsen för visuella stimuli under tiden då ljudet presenterades. Resultaten kan inte tydligt visa att barnen lärt sig associationen, varför testets utformning bör utvecklas vidare för att tillgodose det behov som finns av ett fullt automatiskt och objektivt hörseltest för att utreda spädbarns hörtrösklar.

  • 10.
    Ottersten, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Sign Language.
    Andraspråksinlärares användning av olika verbtyper i det svenska teckenspråket2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Second language learners use special grammatical rules when learning a new language. There are many theories that explain how to do it. The interim language hypothesis and the performance analysis are the underlying theories for this study. Verb is one of the word classes in the Swedish language and one distinctive feature with verb is that you can express different tenses. In sign language you can use verb in lexical signs or classifiers, in both non modified or modified forms. Earlier research (for example Stenberg 2009) focused on the errors second language users made and found out that simplification is the most frequent category. This thesis studies how the informants use verb. They use primarily lexical signs as a verb but after more hours of teaching they use different polysynthetic categories. Verbs complexity seems to changes from lexical sign too modified lexical sign and the polysynthetic signs are the most difficult one, likewise the study of German sign language. There is general similarity’s to interim language hypothesis.

  • 11.
    Rönnqvist, Hanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    From left to right and back again: The distribution of dependent clauses in the Hindukush2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In complex clause constructions, the dependent clause can either precede or succeed the main clause. In a study on a selection of Indo-Aryan languages spoken on the Indian subcontinent (Hook 1987), a gradual transition between pre- and postposing languages was found, when moving from the southeast to the northwest in the area. In their relative vicinity in the Hindukush area, a sub-group of Indo-Aryan languages are spoken, commonly known by the tentative term “Dardic”. These languages are said to mainly have the dependent clause preceding the main clause (left-branching), and that this feature is shared by the neighbouring languages. This would mean a breach with the continuum described by Hook. In the present comparative study on the Dardic languages spoken in northern Pakistan, complex clauses of adverbial and complement types were studied in an attempt to confirm this proposition. The languages were found to have two competing branching structures where the indigenous, dominating left-branching structure possibly is being challenged by an imported right branching pattern, especially in complement clauses, possibly due to Persian or Urdu influence. A similar transition between more left-branching languages towards languages with a higher degree of right branching structures were found when moving from east to west in the geographical area studied.

  • 12.
    Svärd, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Discourse Markers in Dardic Languages: Palula ba and ta in a comparative perspective2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates discourse markers in Dardic languages (Indo-Aryan; Pakistan), focusing on the discourse markers ba and ta in Palula in comparison with other languages of the region, particularly Dameli in which two markers with the same form and similar functions have been observed. The results showed that Palula ba functions as a topic-marker, in addition to other functions, whereas ta only signals subsequence, except in an adversative construction ta... ba. In Dameli, both ba and ta function as topic-markers, in addition to other functions such as ta marking subsequence, and the ta... ba construction functions similarly to Palula. Interestingly, Kalasha and Gawri showed some similarities, as both have a topic-marker surfacing as ta and tä respectively, which can be used in the adversative constructions ta... o and tä... i respectively, both of which have another marker as the second element. No other language in the sample was found to have a construction similar to the ta... ba construction nor a marker similar in form and function to ba, but all have a subsequence marker resembling ta. These results indicated that the Palula markers ba and ta are part of an areal phenomenon encompassing at least the Chitral, Panjkora and Swat valleys, where Palula originally only had the Shina subsequence marker and later adapted the Dameli system into the language.

  • 13.
    von Rettig, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Translating Expressive Prose using CAT Tools: An investigation into discerning the effects of segmentation in student translations2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Computer Assisted Translation tools continue to become more ubiquitous, but translation students do not necessarily receive much training in using them, and may therefore find translating when using them very different to translating freehand. An experiment was conducted where a three Master’s students were each asked to translate two texts; one in a CAT tool and the other freehand, and the resulting target texts were inspected to determine whether they may have been affected by the segmentation performed by the CAT tool compared to freehand translations of the same text, and if so, how. There were indications that in certain cases, such as very long sentences, the CAT tool may act as a visual aid, and also indications that certain students may be more prone to follow the segmentation provided by the CAT tool than others. However, the influence of personal translator style and translator’s habitus cannot be disregarded and as such the differences that are apparent cannot be entirely attributed to the CAT tool.

  • 14.
    Wojtysiak, Zofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Bara ett nagellack eller en iögonfallande kristallyta med djupa, klassiska färger?: Om översättning från svenska till polska av reklamtexter för Oriflame kosmetikaprodukter.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis has been to find out how Oriflame’s Swedish advertising texts differ from their Polish translations and if the potential differences depend on a cultural adaption to the target culture. Furthermore, an image analysis was conducted in order to study the interaction between text and image as well as how this relation is likely to influence the customers. Even though the quantitative analysis has shown that the source and target texts do not differ much, they are contrastive when it comes to their content and the gender roles which are present in the analyzed texts.

  • 15.
    Young, Nathan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Suburban Swedish maturing: Examining variation and perceptions among adult speakers of Swedish contemporary urban vernacular2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Up to now, adolescent speakers have been the primary focus when researching contemporary variation in the language of Sweden’s urban areas. This study contributes to the growing body of research on the topic by examining and reporting on adult speakers of what is here referred to as förortssvenska (English: Suburban Swedish). This study focuses specifically on formal speech registers of eight young working-class men from Stockholm along with the perception and reception of their speech by two independent native-listener groups.

    The paper is the first to present quantifiable data on what has been previously referred to as a “staccato” rhythm in Suburban Swedish. Strong correlations are shown between prosodic rhythm as measured by the normalized pairwise variability index (nPVI) and speech speed to mean listener attitudes (R2=0.9). A strong correlation is also shown for nPVI’s influence on mean listener-projected ethnicity (R2=0.8). Alongside variation in rhythm, we also see phonemic variation that trends toward specific indexes of social identity as revealed by speaker interviews and native-listener assessments. Alongside linguistic variation among speakers, there is also significant variation within speaker peer groups.

    In addition to identifying specific linguistic features, the study examines social mechanisms revealed in interviews with and qualitative observations of speaker and listener participants. In exploratory fashion, ideas on variation, register ranges, meta-pragmatic stereotyping, and ethnic boundary-making are presented to make a case for treating contemporary urban variation in Swedish as a habitual semiotic extension of speaker identity. Indicators that contemporary urban variation in Swedish may be heading in the direction of sociolectal entrenchment are also discussed.

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