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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Some observations of child-adult differences in second language pronunciation.1994In: Scandinavian Working Papers on Bilingualism, Vol. 9, 1-15 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Dufberg, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Engstrand, OlleStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    PERILUS XVIII: Experiments in Speech Processes, Published in June 19941994Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Dufberg, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Lindblom, BjörnStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Perilus No. 19: Annual Report 1993/941994Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Finiteness1994In: The encyclopedia of language and linguistics: Vol. 3 / [ed] R. E. Asher, J. M. Y. Simpson, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1994, 1245-1248 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Nordic Journal of Linguistics 0332-5865, Volume 17, Special Issue 02, December 1994: Special Issue on Linguistic Typology1994Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Strangert, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Heldner, Mattias
    Umeå University, Department of Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Prosodic labelling and acoustic data1994In: Working Papers 43: Fonetik 94, Lund: Lund University , 1994, 120-123 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Svartholm, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Second language learning in the deaf1994In: Bilingualism in Deaf Education / [ed] I. Ahlgren & K. Hyltenstam, Hamburg: Signum , 1994, 61-71 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Svartholm, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Svenska för döva i gymnasieskolan - projektet som kom bort1994In: Nordisk tidskrift för hörsel- och dövundervisning NTD, ISSN 1651-6036, no 3, 87-93 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Conventional, biological and environmental factors in speech communication: a modulation theory.1994In: Phonetica, ISSN 0031-8388, E-ISSN 1423-0321, Vol. 51, no 1-3, 170-83 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech signals contain various types of information that can be grouped under the headings phonetic, affective, personal, and transmittal. Listeners are capable of distinguishing these. Previous theories of speech perception have not considered this fully. They have mainly been concerned with problems relating to phonetic quality alone. The theory presented in this paper considers speech signals as the result of allowing conventional gestures to modulate a carrier signal that has the personal characteristics of the speaker. This implies that in general the conventional information can only be retrieved by demodulation. In order to perceive the phonetic quality of a speech signal, listeners evaluate the deviations of the properties of the signal (F0, formant frequencies, etc.) from those they expect of a neutral vocalization produced by the speaker with properties given by his age, sex, vocal effort, speech rate, etc. In degraded speech signals, this is shown to result in a perceptual bias towards neutral vowels. It is also argued that speech is perceived on the basis of compatibility testing (and not by optimal matching), so that listeners will hear what they expect to hear as long as they do not notice any counter evidence in the signal.

  • 10.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    van Bezooijen, Renée
    The auditory perception of children’s age and sex1994In: Proceedings ICSLP-94, 1994, vol. 3: 1171-1174 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The experiments reported here provided some data on the accuracy with which listeners rate the age of speakers, and some knowledge about the relative contributions of underlying factors such as F0, the formant frequencies, and the 'verbal maturation' of children. The speech material consisted of excerpts from interviews with boys and girls in the age groups 5, 7, 9, and 11 years. Utterances which contained verbal cues to age were eliminated after presenting written versions to a panel of judges. The retained utterances were LPC-analyzed and resynthesized with modifications, to obtain (1) natural speech, (2) whispered speech, (3) speech of 9 year olds with F0, formants, and speech rate modified as at an age of 5, 7, 9, and 11 years, and (4) whispered versions of (3). The listeners agreed in their age ratings with an SD that increased from 1.3 at 5 to 1.8 at 11 years. The differences in SD between the four types of speech were small, but there was a bias toward 8 to 9 years in the modified versions. Multidimensional regression analysis showed the perceptual weight of the factors to decrease slightly in the order (1) verbal maturation, (2) formants (and rate), (3) F0. As for the distinction boy/girl, there was a slight improvement in correctness with age and a general bias to classify the younger children as girls and the older ones as boys.

  • 11.
    Wallin, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Avdelning för teckenspråk.
    Polysyntetiska tecken i svenska teckenspråket1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
1 - 11 of 11
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